CN101666072A - Hydraulic self-tipping type road sweeping machine driven by solar energy - Google Patents

Hydraulic self-tipping type road sweeping machine driven by solar energy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101666072A
CN101666072A CN200910182761A CN200910182761A CN101666072A CN 101666072 A CN101666072 A CN 101666072A CN 200910182761 A CN200910182761 A CN 200910182761A CN 200910182761 A CN200910182761 A CN 200910182761A CN 101666072 A CN101666072 A CN 101666072A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
negative pressure
wheel
vehicle frame
gear
pressure box
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CN200910182761A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101666072B (en
Inventor
缪慰时
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缪慰时
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Priority to CN2009101827612A priority Critical patent/CN101666072B/en
Publication of CN101666072A publication Critical patent/CN101666072A/en
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Publication of CN101666072B publication Critical patent/CN101666072B/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The invention relates to a hydraulic self-tipping type road sweeping machine driven by solar energy, and because a sweeping and negative pressure mechanism with large capacity is utilized, dust pollution can not generate completely. According to the technical scheme provided by the invention, a negative pressure tank is arranged in front of a vehicle frame, and a rolling sweeping mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the vehicle frame; the upper part of the front end of the vehicle frame is hinged with a crank mechanism, and the crank mechanism is connected with the negative pressure tank atthe same time; a bag type filter is arranged in the negative pressure tank; an induced draft fan, a walking mechanism and a steering system used for controlling the walking direction of the sweeping machine are arranged on the vehicle frame, and the steering system is connected with the walking mechanism; the air inlet of the induced draft fan is connected with the air outlet of the negative pressure tank, and the air inlet of the negative pressure tank is near the rolling sweeping mechanism; a top protection rack is arranged at the upper part of the vehicle frame, a solar panel is arranged onthe top protection rack, and the solar panel is used for charging a battery on the vehicle frame through a controller; and the battery is used for providing power for the induced draft fan, the rolling sweeping mechanism and the walking mechanism.

Description

Hydraulic self-tipping type road sweeping machine driven by solar energy

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of hydraulic self-tipping type road sweeping machine driven by solar energy, adopt Driven by Solar Energy; Therefore when using in batches, can not increase municipal pollution, also need not to set up the charging base station.Owing to adopted jumbo cleaning and negative pressure mechanism, so can not produce dust raising phenomenon fully.Belong to the municipal machinery technical field.

Background technology

Domestic each big and medium-sized cities and large enterprise just progressively adopt the mechanical type road-cleaning to substitute the manpower cleaning, in recent years and the trend of quickening realization arranged.But present employed cleaning machine mainly is two big classes, all exists significant deficiency:

One class is the scavenging machine with the truck repacking.Most gasoline engine or diesel-driven 2.5 tons of light truck chassis refits of adopting such as scavenging machine as the production of ground such as Hunan.The cleaning width is 1.8 meters, and operating rate is about 12 kilometers/hour.Its defective one is bulky, and turning radius is also big, hinders road traffic, can not adapt to the cleaning of urban road, can only be used on the highway far away of suburb; The 2nd, power and instrument seriously do not match, and power at a high speed but drives the equipment of low speed; 5 horsepowers of the underpowers of its groundwork device, but consumed tens of horsepowers power, waste energy.The 3rd, operating personnel are in driver's cabin, and the ground of leaving cleaning is not only high but also far away, so can only do extensive cleaning, clean-up performance is relatively poor.

Another kind of is at above-mentioned defective and the voluntarily small-sized scavenging machines of research and development of various places.Adopt fuel oil machinery or battery to drive.Its distribution form all is derived from three wheeled passenger vehicles basically: just increased rolling and brushing outside original running gear again, sweep and a dustbin on a limit.The defective one of this class scavenging machine is that great majority do not dispose negative pressure system, so clean-up performance difference and bigger airborne dust is arranged, and not welcome by operating personnel and civic.The 2nd, inefficiency, 70 centimeters of rolling and brushing width less thaies, 20 centimeters of diameter less thaies all adopt small-sized belt transmission.Therefore can only clear away light little rubbish and floating dust such as some paper scrap cigarette ends, meet that stone fragment of brick and mud etc. can only be avoided or auxiliary by manpower.Because the rolling and brushing fixed installation, as using a period of time, broom weares and teares, and is just not all right especially.The 3rd, adopt this type of machinery of fuel oil type the time will cause bigger energy consumption in batches as a city; And battery Shi Zeyin once charges the continuous operation that can not finish a class and can produce charging in the way and set up the problem etc. of charging base station.

Because above-mentioned, some cities and large enterprise temporarily still clean with manpower because of can not find desirable type.Wherein be responsible for the cleaning works of plant area as Xiangtan Electrical Machinery Plant etc. even the environmental sanitation troop that set up the up to a hundred people, and in recent years also for during the difficulty of manpower finds new outlets.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is to propose a kind of hydraulic self-tipping type road sweeping machine driven by solar energy, with photovoltaic power generation apparatus to the form of charge in batteries to solve the problem of charging in the scavenging machine way, the fuel oil pollution problem when having avoided the city to use the machinery cleaning in batches.

According to technical scheme provided by the invention, in the place ahead of vehicle frame negative pressure box is set, the bottom of vehicle frame is provided with rolling and brushing mechanism; The upper front end of vehicle frame is hinged with the mechanism of cranking arm, and the mechanism of cranking arm is connected with negative pressure box simultaneously; Bag filter is set in negative pressure box; The steering that air-introduced machine and walking mechanism is set on vehicle frame and is used to handle the direction of travel of scavenging machine, described steering links to each other with described walking mechanism; The inlet scoop of air-introduced machine utilizes pipeline to link to each other with the air outlet of negative pressure box, and the air intake of negative pressure box is near rolling and brushing mechanism; Above vehicle frame, be overhead guard, solar panel be set on overhead guard, solar panel by controller to the charge in batteries that is arranged on the vehicle frame; Described battery provides power supply for air-introduced machine, rolling and brushing mechanism and walking mechanism.

Described negative pressure box is divided into two-layer up and down, hangs on the upper strata of negative pressure box described bag filter is installed; Described negative pressure box comprises casing and is positioned at the case lid at casing top, case lid and box sealing; Described case lid utilizes the inlet scoop of blast connection and airduct and described air-introduced machine to be connected.

Described air intake is positioned at the lower floor of negative pressure box, and rubber wind deflector and rubber guide plate are set at the air intake place; Dividing plate and wire lath are set between the levels of negative pressure box; After starting air-introduced machine, wind enters the lower floor of negative pressure box through air intake, enters the upper strata of negative pressure box again by wire gauze, discharges through behind the bag filter.

Two identical and be arranged in parallel cranking arm are arranged in the described mechanism of cranking arm, and the end of oil cylinder is articulated in the middle part of vehicle frame, and every first end of cranking arm is articulated in the top of vehicle frame, and every second end of cranking arm is connected with negative pressure box; Near the position of first end crank pin is set at two between cranking arm, the oil cylinder arm is set on crank pin, the piston rod that in oil cylinder, is slidingly connected, the overhanging end of described piston rod and oil cylinder arm are hinged.

In described cleaning agency, utilize bearing that pinion frame is installed at the inwall of cylinder, the cleaning motor is installed on pinion frame, on the output shaft of cleaning motor, motor gear is installed; Planetary gear is installed on pinion frame, ring gear is installed, motor gear and planetary gear engagement, planetary gear and inner supporting circle engagement at the inwall of cylinder; Outer wall at cylinder is provided with industrial brush.

Described cleaning motor, pinion frame, motor gear, planetary gear and ring gear all are positioned at cylinder; A pivoted arm is installed at the two ends of rolling and brushing mechanism respectively, and the end of two pivoted arms hangs the two bottom sides that is installed in vehicle frame.

Three planet wheel spindles are set on pinion frame, and every planet wheel spindle is all installed a described planetary gear; Inwall at cylinder is provided with the wheel cover, and described ring gear is fixed on the inwall of wheel cover, and described pinion frame utilizes bearing to be installed in the wheel cover.

In walking mechanism, the driving wheel mount pad is installed on the bottom of vehicle frame rear and front end; Utilize bearing that wheel stand is installed on the driving wheel mount pad of rear end being positioned at; The walking motor is installed on wheel stand, on the output shaft of walking motor pinion is set; On mobile roof support, utilize bearing that the reduction gearing axle is installed simultaneously, near an end of wheel walking gear is set, gear wheel is set, described gear wheel and pinion at the other end of reduction gearing axle at the reduction gearing axle; Described wheel utilizes bearing to be installed on the outside of walking motor, and gear ring is set on wheel, described walking gear and the engagement of described gear ring.

Front end at vehicle frame is provided with bridge, and in described control system, direction device is arranged on the described bridge; Turn to reducer in the installation of the bottom of bridge; Power shaft and output shaft are set turning on the reducer, described power shaft links to each other with direction device; The minor sprocket that is installed on the output shaft utilizes chain to be connected with the hinge wheel that is installed on geared wheel support top; The tooth sector that is installed on the power shaft meshes with the gear wheel that turns to that is installed on the output shaft.

In swept on described limit, DC speed-reducing was installed in the top of bearing support; The axle head of DC speed-reducing is a terminal pad of making low speed rotation with motor shaft; Terminal pad is subjected to the constraint of bearing and keeps plumbness; Fastening with terminal pad again by the plate-like industrial brush that glass fiber reinforced plastic and nylon yarn are made.

Characteristics of the present invention are: 1 adopts the negative pressure device of big flow and bag filter to cooperate powerful rolling and brushing mechanism to improve sweeping efficiency and to prevent the scheme of airborne dust.2 with photovoltaic power generation apparatus to the form of charge in batteries to solve the problem of charging in the scavenging machine way.Fuel oil pollution problem when also having avoided the city to use the machinery cleaning in batches.3 with the manual operation with the drawer type dustbin that replaces present small-sized scavenging machine of the body dumping mechanism of cylinder pushes dustbin.4 adopt the integral type mechanism turn to and to walk and drive, to obtain turning radius minimum in the work, adapt to the corner and turn round and wait the cleaning in place.

The present invention proposes the weight close proximity to ground that relies on rolling and brushing self about 50 kilograms, and floating type installation, built-in motor, gear-driven scheme, can effectively improve the cleaning ability.

Road cleaner of the present invention is not more than at 50% o'clock at the work water holdup, can rely on solar recharging to solve its energy problem fully.Its cleaning works efficient is 7000 square metres/hour.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the state diagram of negative pressure box when dumping rubbish of scavenging machine.

Fig. 2 is the overall structure figure of scavenging machine.Fig. 3 is the left view of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is the vertical view of Fig. 2.Fig. 5 is the structure chart of negative pressure box and bag filter.

Fig. 6 is the negative pressure box structure chart.Fig. 7 is the A-A view of Fig. 6.

Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of having removed among Fig. 5 behind case lid and the strainer.

Fig. 9 is the left view of Fig. 6.Figure 10 is filtration device structure figure.

Figure 11 is the vertical view of Figure 10.Figure 12 is the left view of Figure 13.

Figure 13 is the structure chart of vehicle frame and hydraulic pressure tipple.

Figure 14 is the vertical view of Figure 13.Figure 15 is the front-wheel enlarged drawing.

Figure 16 is the left view of Figure 17.Figure 17 is the structure chart of rolling and brushing.

The structure chart that Figure 18 sweeps for the limit.Figure 19 is the left view of Figure 18.

Figure 20 is the vertical view of Figure 18.Figure 21 is the enlarged drawing that sweep on the limit.

Figure 22 has removed the upward view after the swing arm among Figure 21.

Figure 23 turns to and drives the structure chart of integral type mechanism for walking.

Figure 24 is the structure chart of steering.Figure 25 is that the B of Figure 24 is to view.

The specific embodiment

The general arrangement of this scavenging machine is shown in Fig. 1~4.The place ahead of scavenging machine is negative pressure box 1 and bag filter.Negative pressure box 1 is supported by the mechanism 3 of cranking arm that is installed on vehicle frame 2 bridges.The mechanism 3 of cranking arm has guaranteed negative pressure box 1 normal position and the lifting position of rubbish when toppling at work.In the bottom of vehicle frame 2 and the air intake rear of negative pressure box 1 rolling and brushing mechanism 4 is set.Rolling and brushing mechanism 4 adopts the form of built-in motors, and all gear drives, and floating type installation rely on himself nearly 50 kilograms weight to be close on the ground, thereby guarantee that big heavier rubbish also can sweep into negative pressure box.There is bigbore airduct to be connected on the case lid of negative pressure box 1 with air-introduced machine 5.When air-introduced machine 5 work, the negative pressure in the case can effectively suck rolling and brushing mechanism 4 caused airborne dusts.Below negative pressure box 1 preceding right-hand is that the limit sweeps 6.Limit 6 the effect of sweeping is that car body outer rubbish in the right is brought within the working range of rolling and brushing mechanism 4.

The running gear of scavenging machine adopts three fulcrum rear wheel drives.The driving wheel 7 of built-in motor is born the task that turns to simultaneously, by steering 9 controls.8 Follow-ups of two front-wheels are installed in the right and left of vehicle frame 2.This structure has guaranteed the min. turning radius of scavenging machine running gear.Overhead guard 10 also is the installation site of photovoltaic cell simultaneously.Its top surface area can satisfy the installation of 440Wp photovoltaic cell.Batteries 11 and small-sized hydraulic station 12 also have been installed below vehicle frame 2.

The structure of negative pressure box 1 and bag filter is shown in Fig. 5~11.Casing is two-layer about in the of 13 minutes, is separated by dividing plate 14 and wire lath 15.Following layer box body is provided with rubber stop aerofoil 16 and rubber guide plate 17 at the air intake place.Its effect is the wind speed that improves the air intake place, and the garbage energy that rolling and brushing 4 have been swept is driven by blast and enters lower box along rubber guide plate 17.The effect of baffle plate 18 is to prevent that the rubbish that enters in the casing from oppositely spilling.The bottom-right breach 19 of lower box is to sweep 6 in order to dodge the limit.The effect of wire lath 15 is that the bigger rubbish such as the scraps of paper etc. are cut off in lower box, does not make it enter upper box and stops up bag filter 21.

Upper box mainly is for placing the usefulness of bag filter 21.The effect one of casing top tongue and groove 20 is to be used to hang bag filter 21, in addition also in order to arrange the rubber weather strip 24 between casing and the case lid.There is an openable shrouding 22 in the place ahead of upper box, is convenient to the installation and the maintenance of box house spare.

Rely on rubber weather strip 24 sealings between case lid 23 and the upper box.Have 6 26 the inner chamber of negative pressure box 1 can be connected with air-introduced machine 5 in the outside, both sides of upper box.

Bag filter 21 is made on metallic framework 28 by filter cloth 27 and is formed.Individual hanging hook assembly 25 makes case lid 23 can be pressed on rubber weather strip 24 tops.The rear of case lid then has the four sides, top of blast connection filter cloth 27 all to emerge, so that be pressed on the rubber weather strip 24, makes dust can all stay the below of bag filter 21, and can discharge the comparatively air of cleaning by air-introduced machine 5.Bag filter 21 is can the on-the-spot consumable accessory of changing, and work a period of time can be taken out cleaning later, perhaps more renews.

There is individual reinforcing ring 29 negative pressure box outside, except the rigidity of reinforcement negative pressure box 1, also is the installation site of mechanism 3 of cranking arm; When scavenging machine was in the cleaning operating mode, negative pressure box 1 relied on reinforcing ring 29 levels to be held on the beam of vehicle frame 2.

The structure of the vehicle frame 2 and the mechanism 3 of cranking arm, front-wheel 8 is shown in Figure 12~15.Vehicle frame 2 is plate welding structures.About two welded griders 30 and bridge 31, junction plate 32, tailgate 33 constitute the agent structure of vehicle frames.The mechanism 3 of cranking arm is installed on two side plates of bridge 31 by two bearing with spherical outside surfaces 34.Crank arm mechanism 3 by crank pin 35 and be welded on that a pair of on the crank pin cranks arm 36, oil cylinder arm 37, oil cylinder 38, oil cylinder seat 39 formed.When oil cylinder 38 work, crank arm and 36 be with negative pressure box 1 to lift and turn round 80 ° to finish rubbish and topple over task.

Two front-wheels 8 have been installed in the place ahead of left and right sides welded grider 30.Front-wheel 8 is made up of the iron core wheel 43 of wheel shaft 40, axle sleeve 41, bearing 42 and polyamine fat wheel skin.Front-wheel 8 is in the servo-actuated state all the time, works under the promotion of driving wheel 7.

At the rear of junction plate 32 driving wheel mount pad 44 is arranged, in order to driving wheel 7 is installed.

The structure of rolling and brushing mechanism 4 is shown in Figure 16,17.Two cover mechanisms about the transmission of rolling and brushing 4 is divided into: left is a driving mechanism.Cleaning motor 45 is installed in an end of planetary wheel carrier 46.The other end then connects the pivoted arm 54 of convenient mounting or dismounting.Three planet wheel spindles 50 are installed planetary gear 48 on the pinion frame 46.Motor gear 47 is by planetary gear 48 transmission ring gears 49.Ring gear 49 is fixing with wheel cover 51, and the internal diameter of wheel cover 51 is to be installed on the external diameter of planetary wheel carrier 46 by bearing 52; Therefore clean motor 45 promotion wheel covers 51 and make deceleration transmission.Processed featherway on the external diameter of wheel cover 51, the inwall of glass fiber reinforced plastic cylinder 53 also has corresponding keyway, so glass fiber reinforced plastic cylinder 53 also can be installed on the wheel cover 51 easily, or takes off on the trailing wheel cover 51.

The right-hand of rolling and brushing mechanism 4 is follower.In a cover end of 55 connect pivoted arm 54, interior cover 55 external diameters are installed bearing with spherical outside surface 56,57 in overcoat equally is connected with glass fiber reinforced plastic cylinder 53 by feather key with the left structure.

Because the two ends of rolling and brushing mechanism 4 all are the inboards that is suspended on the welded grider 30 of vehicle frame 2 by pivoted arm 54, so rolling and brushing mechanism 4 floats, and is pressed on the road surface by self about 50 kilograms weight.And do cleaning with the linear velocity of 5 meter per seconds and move, clean effect preferably so can obtain.And electric machine built-in and with gear drive, then in order to solve the bel-drivenn unreliability, and the dustproof problem of the protection against the tide of motor.

The periphery of glass fiber reinforced plastic cylinder 53 is industrial brush 58 that nylon yarn is made, and can select the thickness and the length of nylon yarn according to field condition for use, and can be convenient for changing behind the cover plate of opening vehicle frame 2 sides.

6 structure is swept shown in Figure 18~22 in the limit.Its driver part is a small-sized DC reducing motor 59, is installed in the top of bearing support 60.The axle head of motor 59 is a terminal pad 61 of making low speed rotation with motor shaft.Terminal pad 61 is subjected to the constraint of bearing 62 and bearing 63 and keeps plumbness.Fastening with terminal pad 61 again by the plate-like industrial brush 64 that glass fiber reinforced plastic and nylon yarn are made.When motor 59 was worked like this, plate-like industrial brush 64 was just done the low speed gyration.

Case 65 is installed above bearing support 60, and one side of case 65 connects swing arm 66.One axis hole 67 is arranged in the swing arm 66.Whole edge of table is swept 6 and is just relied on the bearing pin 68 on the vehicle frame welded grider 30 to be installed in the right front of vehicle frame 2, and can adjust its ground connection height by handle 69 trace.The limit is swept 6 and is relied on installed surfaces 70 to adjust to reach backward 2 ° of inwardly each cantings, to reach the effect that the place ahead ecto-entad that garbage energy sweeps on the limit sweeps.

The structure of driving wheels 7 as shown in figure 23.Wheel stand 71 is vertically mounted in the driving wheel mount pad 44 on the vehicle frame 2.One side horizontal direction of wheel stand 71 is installed walking motor 72.Be expert at and by two bearings 73 wheels 74 be installed on the shell of motor 72.Relative position between wheel 74 and the wheel stand 71 is fixing by three back-up rings 75.The axle head of walking motor 72 is installed pinion 76 and gear wheel 77 engagements.With the coaxial walking gear 78 of gear wheel 77 again with gear ring 79 engagements of wheel inboard, the rough lock of Gou Chenging makes walking motor 72 promote wheels 74 to turn round thus.The bearing support 80 and the bearing 81 that are installed on the wheel stand 71 are just supporting reduction gearing axle 82.The 83rd, the gear chamber cover.

Bear the task that turns to simultaneously owing to drive wheels 7, so on the vertical flanges of wheel stand 71, be installed in the driving wheel mount pad 44 of vehicle frame 2 by bearing 84, bearing 85, vertical axis 86, whole driving wheels 7 can be changeed, to finish the task that turns at the sagging straight gyrus of the promotion that turns to sprocket wheel 87.

The structure of steering 9 is shown in Figure 24,25.Direction device 88 is installed on the bridge of vehicle frame.Its axle head is installed Hooke's joint 89, is connected with the power shaft 91 that turns to reducer 90.By the deceleration of pinion 92, gear wheel 93, minor sprocket 95 on the transmission output shaft 94, make go to action by promoting driving wheel group 7 after 1: 6 the deceleration of chain 96 transmission hinge wheels, 87 acquisitions again.Deceleration box 97 is convenient to and will is turned to reducer 90 to be installed on the vehicle frame 2.

Turn to the effect of reducer 90 on making direction device 88, to have the less steering force, and make the turn direction of the rotation direction of steering gear 88 and scavenging machine consistent, to meet the driving habits of vehicle.

The layout at overhead guard 10, battery 11, small-sized hydraulic station 12 is shown in Fig. 1~4.Arrange photovoltaic battery panel on the overhead guard 10, its capacity is 440Wp, powers to battery 11 by controller.Small-sized hydraulic station 12 is formed by component-assembled such as motor, control valve, pump, fuel tanks.Adopt inverse transform to pattern, so volume is very little, does not need to install additional in system reversal valve.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of road cleaner with Driven by Solar Energy is characterized in that: in the place ahead of vehicle frame (2) negative pressure box (1) is set, the bottom of vehicle frame (2) is provided with rolling and brushing mechanism (4); The upper front end of vehicle frame (2) is hinged with the mechanism (3) of cranking arm, and the mechanism of cranking arm (3) is connected with negative pressure box (1) simultaneously; In negative pressure box (1), bag filter is set; The steering that air-introduced machine (5) and walking mechanism is set on vehicle frame (2) and is used to handle the direction of travel of scavenging machine, described steering links to each other with described walking mechanism; The inlet scoop of air-introduced machine (5) utilizes pipeline to link to each other with the air outlet of negative pressure box (1), and the air intake of negative pressure box (1) is near rolling and brushing mechanism (4); In the top of vehicle frame (2) is overhead guard (10), on overhead guard (10) solar panel is set, and solar panel charges to the battery (11) that is arranged on the vehicle frame (2) by controller; Described battery (11) is that air-introduced machine (5), rolling and brushing mechanism (4) and walking mechanism provide power supply.
2, according to claims 1 described road cleaner with Driven by Solar Energy, it is characterized in that: described negative pressure box (1) is divided into two-layer up and down, hangs on the upper strata of negative pressure box (1) described bag filter is installed; Described negative pressure box (1) comprises casing (13) and is positioned at the case lid (23) at casing (13) top, case lid (23) and casing (13) sealing; Described case lid (23) utilizes the inlet scoop of blast connection (26) and airduct and described air-introduced machine (5) to be connected.
3, according to claims 2 described road cleaners with Driven by Solar Energy, it is characterized in that: described air intake is positioned at the lower floor of negative pressure box (1), and rubber wind deflector (16) and rubber guide plate (17) are set at the air intake place; Dividing plate (14) and wire lath (15) are set between the levels of negative pressure box (1); After starting air-introduced machine (5), wind enters the lower floor of negative pressure box (1) through air intake, enters the upper strata of negative pressure box (1) again by wire gauze (15), discharges after passing through bag filter.
4, according to claims 1 described road cleaner with Driven by Solar Energy, it is characterized in that: two identical and be arranged in parallel crank arm (36) are arranged in the described mechanism of cranking arm (3), the end of oil cylinder (38) is articulated in the middle part of vehicle frame (2), first end of every crank arm (36) is articulated in the top of vehicle frame (2), and second end of every crank arm (36) is connected with negative pressure box (1); At two positions of cranking arm between (36) near first end crank pin (35) is set, oil cylinder arm (37) is set on crank pin (35), the piston rod that in oil cylinder (38), is slidingly connected, the overhanging end of described piston rod and oil cylinder arm (37) are hinged.
5, according to claims 1 described road cleaner with Driven by Solar Energy, it is characterized in that: in described cleaning agency (4), inwall at cylinder (53) utilizes bearing that pinion frame (46) is installed, go up installation cleaning motor (45) at pinion frame (46), on the output shaft of cleaning motor (45), motor gear (47) is installed; Go up installation planetary gear (48) at pinion frame (46), at the inwall of cylinder (53) ring gear (49) is installed, motor gear (47) meshes with inner supporting circle (49) with planetary gear (48) engagement, planetary gear (48); Outer wall at cylinder (53) is provided with industrial brush (58).
6, according to claims 5 described road cleaners with Driven by Solar Energy, it is characterized in that: described cleaning motor (45), pinion frame (46), motor gear (47), planetary gear (48) and ring gear (49) all are positioned at cylinder (53); A pivoted arm (54) is installed at the two ends of rolling and brushing mechanism (4) respectively, and the end of two pivoted arms (54) hangs the two bottom sides that is installed in vehicle frame (2).
7, according to claims 5 described road cleaners with Driven by Solar Energy, it is characterized in that: three planet wheel spindles (50) are set on pinion frame (46), and every planet wheel spindle (50) is all installed a described planetary gear (48); Inwall at cylinder (53) is provided with wheel cover (51), and described ring gear (49) is fixed on the inwall of wheel cover (51), and described pinion frame (46) utilizes bearing to be installed in the wheel cover (51).
8, according to claims 1 described road cleaner with Driven by Solar Energy, it is characterized in that: in walking mechanism, driving wheel mount pad (44) is installed on the bottom of vehicle frame (2) rear and front end; Utilize bearing that wheel stand (71) is installed on the driving wheel mount pad (44) of rear end being positioned at; Go up installation walking motor (72) at wheel stand (71), on the output shaft of walking motor (72) pinion (76) is set; On mobile roof support (71), utilize bearing that reduction gearing axle (82) is installed simultaneously, end at the close wheel (74) of reduction gearing axle (82) is provided with walking gear (78), the other end at reduction gearing axle (82) is provided with gear wheel (77), described gear wheel (77) and pinion (76) engagement; Described wheel (74) utilizes bearing to be installed on the outside of walking motor (72), and gear ring (79) is set on wheel (74), described walking gear (78) and described gear ring (79) engagement.
9, the road cleaner with Driven by Solar Energy according to claims 1, it is characterized in that: the front end at vehicle frame (2) is provided with bridge, and in described control system, direction device (88) is arranged on the described bridge; Turn to reducer (90) in the installation of the bottom of bridge; Power shaft (91) and output shaft (94) are set turning on the reducer (90), described power shaft (94) links to each other with direction device (88); The minor sprocket (95) that is installed on the output shaft (94) utilizes chain (96) to be connected with the hinge wheel (87) that is installed on geared wheel support (71) top; The tooth sector (92) that is installed on the power shaft (91) meshes with the gear wheel (93) that turns to that is installed on the output shaft (94).
10, the road cleaner with Driven by Solar Energy according to claims 1, it is characterized in that: sweep in (6) on described limit, DC speed-reducing (59) is installed in the top of bearing support (60); The axle head of DC speed-reducing (59) is a terminal pad (61) of making low speed rotation with motor shaft; Terminal pad (61) is subjected to the constraint of bearing and keeps plumbness; The plate-like industrial brush of making by glass fiber reinforced plastic and nylon yarn (64) again and terminal pad (61) fastening.
CN2009101827612A 2009-09-07 2009-09-07 Hydraulic self-tipping type road sweeping machine driven by solar energy CN101666072B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009101827612A CN101666072B (en) 2009-09-07 2009-09-07 Hydraulic self-tipping type road sweeping machine driven by solar energy

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009101827612A CN101666072B (en) 2009-09-07 2009-09-07 Hydraulic self-tipping type road sweeping machine driven by solar energy

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CN101666072A true CN101666072A (en) 2010-03-10
CN101666072B CN101666072B (en) 2011-05-25

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102797235A (en) * 2012-08-29 2012-11-28 上海中环科技有限公司 Electric dust-free solar energy sweeping vehicle
CN103290803A (en) * 2013-06-25 2013-09-11 芜湖爱瑞特环保科技有限公司 New-energy cleaning truck
CN103334396A (en) * 2013-06-09 2013-10-02 浙江工业大学 Small-scale road cleaning vehicle
CN103924536A (en) * 2013-01-16 2014-07-16 王晓东 Solar energy road sweeper
CN104818682A (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-08-05 界首市绍恩精机机械有限公司 Photovoltaic power supply based miniature convenient electric sweeper
CN104831658A (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-08-12 界首市绍恩精机机械有限公司 Photovoltaic power supply-based self-unloading electric sweeper with automatic tail door opening/closing function
CN106049334A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-10-26 新乡市亿龙养护设备有限公司 Environmental protection sanitizer
CN106120616A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-11-16 时建华 A kind of Multifunctional environment attending device
CN107165113A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-09-15 安徽南博机器人有限公司 Dumper rubbish conveys collection device
CN107653819A (en) * 2016-07-24 2018-02-02 王晓东 Solar energy path dust collecting and cleaning vehicles low level device for separation of waste
CN107815998A (en) * 2017-10-17 2018-03-20 南昌首诺科技有限公司 Road surface rubble cleaning plant after a kind of earthquake
CN107822568A (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-03-23 梅州市绿鹰机械设备有限公司 A kind of scavenging machine for possessing solar recharging mechanism
CN109653149A (en) * 2017-10-18 2019-04-19 无锡艾科瑞思产品设计与研究有限公司 A kind of multifunctional sweeper
CN110899037A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-03-24 江西大发门业有限公司 Paint spraying room ground cleaning device

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CN201221070Y (en) * 2008-05-20 2009-04-15 邢台市中河环卫设备有限公司 Hand pulling type solar road sweeper
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102797235A (en) * 2012-08-29 2012-11-28 上海中环科技有限公司 Electric dust-free solar energy sweeping vehicle
CN102797235B (en) * 2012-08-29 2015-02-04 上海中环科技有限公司 Electric dust-free solar energy sweeping vehicle
CN103924536A (en) * 2013-01-16 2014-07-16 王晓东 Solar energy road sweeper
CN103334396A (en) * 2013-06-09 2013-10-02 浙江工业大学 Small-scale road cleaning vehicle
CN103290803A (en) * 2013-06-25 2013-09-11 芜湖爱瑞特环保科技有限公司 New-energy cleaning truck
CN104818682A (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-08-05 界首市绍恩精机机械有限公司 Photovoltaic power supply based miniature convenient electric sweeper
CN104831658A (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-08-12 界首市绍恩精机机械有限公司 Photovoltaic power supply-based self-unloading electric sweeper with automatic tail door opening/closing function
CN104818682B (en) * 2015-05-12 2016-06-22 界首市绍恩精机机械有限公司 Miniature convenient electric cleaning car based on photovoltaic power supply
CN104831658B (en) * 2015-05-12 2016-08-24 界首市绍恩精机机械有限公司 Self-tipping type based on photovoltaic power supply, the electric cleaning car of tail-gate automatic shutter
CN106120616B (en) * 2016-07-01 2017-12-29 国网江苏省电力公司泰州市姜堰区供电公司 A kind of Multifunctional environment attending device
CN106120616A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-11-16 时建华 A kind of Multifunctional environment attending device
CN107653819A (en) * 2016-07-24 2018-02-02 王晓东 Solar energy path dust collecting and cleaning vehicles low level device for separation of waste
CN106049334B (en) * 2016-08-04 2018-06-22 新乡市亿龙养护设备有限公司 A kind of environmental protection cleaning cart
CN106049334A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-10-26 新乡市亿龙养护设备有限公司 Environmental protection sanitizer
CN107165113A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-09-15 安徽南博机器人有限公司 Dumper rubbish conveys collection device
CN107815998A (en) * 2017-10-17 2018-03-20 南昌首诺科技有限公司 Road surface rubble cleaning plant after a kind of earthquake
CN109653149A (en) * 2017-10-18 2019-04-19 无锡艾科瑞思产品设计与研究有限公司 A kind of multifunctional sweeper
CN107822568A (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-03-23 梅州市绿鹰机械设备有限公司 A kind of scavenging machine for possessing solar recharging mechanism
CN110899037A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-03-24 江西大发门业有限公司 Paint spraying room ground cleaning device

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