CN101660381B - Hinge type electric operation system and hinge type electric operation device for car door - Google Patents

Hinge type electric operation system and hinge type electric operation device for car door Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101660381B
CN101660381B CN2008102140504A CN200810214050A CN101660381B CN 101660381 B CN101660381 B CN 101660381B CN 2008102140504 A CN2008102140504 A CN 2008102140504A CN 200810214050 A CN200810214050 A CN 200810214050A CN 101660381 B CN101660381 B CN 101660381B
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actuator
controller
door
drive
bevel gear
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CN2008102140504A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101660381A (en
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江贵交
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信昌机械厂股份有限公司
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Abstract

The invention relates to a hinge type electric operation system and a hinge type electric operation device for a car back door. The hinge type electric operation device mainly comprises an electric drive unit, a door holder mechanism, a controller, an operation switch and a remote controller, wherein the electric drive unit comprises a drive motor, a crank mechanism, a clutch mechanism, a press-in actuator and a stop actuator, wherein the clutch mechanism is arranged between the drive motor and the crank mechanism and consists of a bevel gear set which is combined into a door shape, and by pushing and pulling a middle bevel gear and the matching operation of the press-in actuator and the stop actuator, the power of the drive motor is transmitted to a crank of the crank mechanism for driving the car door to open and close; the car door can be automatically opened or closed by matching the bevel gear type direct driving clutch mechanism with control elements, i.e. the controller, the remote controller or the control switch, and the like, so as to achieve the purpose of electric automated operation; in addition, the whole system has simple mechanism, easy control, large transmission torsion, and the like.

Description

汽车背门用铰链式电动操作系统及装置 Car rear hinged door with electric devices and operating systems

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种车门用的控制系统及装置,特别涉及一种车门用铰链式电动操作系统及装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a control system and a device for a vehicle door, particularly to a motor vehicle door with a hinged device and operating system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 汽车是目前现代人主要代步的工具,当然汽车在一些机构设计上也会需求更多自动化来简便使用者操作。 [0002] car is the main means of modern tools, of course, the car in some institutions will demand more design automation to simple user operation. 然而,以汽车在背门的开启而言,目前常见是直接以钥匙开启或者是先开启前车门由前方驾驶座的连动拉环控制,故当使用者双手提物品,不便再利用插钥匙或拉开车门去触拉开启背门时,就显得操作上有许多不便。 However, in order to open the back door of the automobile, it is now common to directly key-on or pull-ring to open the interlocking control of the front door from the front driver's seat, so that when the user hands mentioned article, inconvenience or key-reuse when the door open to touch pull open the back door, it appeared that there are a lot of inconvenience on the operation.

[0003] 因此,汽车设计者就考虑如何将车门的开启达到自动化的需求,以坊间常见设计利用一马达安装在车门上配合连杆设计来达成开启自动化的目的,然而坊间常用的马达,是一旋转式动力装置,某些情况下马达输出轴需配置有离合器,其目的在于可依需要将动力进行分离中断或接合的动作,而现有离合器结构,有使用摩擦片间接传动者,会有摩擦损失、传动力不足、结构太过复杂、成本过高,或是控制不易等缺点,显然还有突破的空间与必要。 [0003] Therefore, automotive designers to consider how to open the door to reach the needs of automation to the printing of common design uses a motor mounted on the door with the open link design to achieve the purpose of automation, but common motor printing, is a the rotary power unit, in some cases needs to be configured with a motor output shaft of the clutch, an object to be separated can also need to interrupt the power operation or engagement, the conventional clutch mechanism, there is an indirect transmission by using a friction plate, friction will loss, lack of power transmission structure is too complicated, too expensive, or difficult to control and other shortcomings, there is clearly a breakthrough in space and necessary.

[0004] 有鉴于汽车车门自动化开启的需求,并将其构造设计能改进上述的缺点,并搭配良好控制系统设计,是本发明所研发的主要课题。 [0004] In view of the automatic vehicle door open demand, and can improve the structural design of the above-described disadvantages, and with a good control system design, the present invention is primarily developed by the subject.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的主要目的是提供一种车门用铰链式电动操作系统及装置,通过一伞齿式直接驱动离合机构搭配控制器、遥控器或控制开关等控制系统操作,让汽车车门可以自动打开或关上,以达成电动自动化操作的目的,同时整个系统设计具有机构简单、控制容易、传动扭力大等特性与优点。 [0005] The main object of the present invention is to provide a motor vehicle door hinge with an operating system and device, with the controller, or the remote control switch operated by a control system bevel direct drive clutch mechanism, so that a vehicle door can be automatically on or off, in order to achieve the purpose of automatic operation of the electric, while the overall system design simple means, is easy to control, large transmission torque and other characteristics and advantages.

[0006] 为达上述目的,本发明提供一种车门用铰链式电动操作装置,主要包含有:电动驱动单元,是包括有驱动马达、曲柄机构、离合机构、压入致动器及止挡致动器,所述驱动马达内设有编码器,所述离合机构是设置于驱动马达与曲柄机构之间,并由一组合成Π形的伞型齿轮组所构成,通过中间伞型齿轮的推拉,及压入致动器及止挡致动器的配合操作,可让驱动马达的动力传递至曲柄机构的曲柄,供以推动汽车车门掀起或闭合之用;门扣机构,为控制汽车车门到位扣住或释放操作;控制器,为一单晶片微电脑控制,并导接一遥控接收器,所述控制器是控制门扣机构及电动驱动单元的驱动马达、压入致动器及止挡致动器的致动或不致动状态,且所述控制器可判读驱动马达内设的编码器位置是否增进与到位,以设定增加使用安全的防夹或退回功能;操 [0006] To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a hinged door with electric operating device, mainly comprising: an electric driving unit comprising a driving motor, a crank mechanism, the clutch mechanism, and the actuator is pressed into the stopper actuator actuator, the drive motor equipped with an encoder, the clutch mechanism is disposed between the drive motor and crank mechanism, as constituted by a combination of bevel gear set Π-shape, by an intermediate sliding bevel gear and press-fitting the actuator and the stopper fitting operation of the actuator, allowing the power of the drive motor is transmitted to the crank of the crank mechanism for the to drive a vehicle door off or closed only; the door catch mechanism, to control the vehicle door in place withhold or release operation; controller, a single-chip microcomputer as a control, and then conducting a remote receiver, the controller controls the motor driving the door catch mechanism and an electric drive unit, and the actuator is pressed into the stopper actuator actuating the actuator or not actuated state, and the controller may interpret the drive motor encoder position and place promotional offers whether to set or increase the use of anti-pinch safety return function; operation 开关,是可导通控制器进行连接元件的致动状态控制;以及遥控器,是可通过与控制器导接的遥控接收器来接收其所发射信号,使所述遥控接收器接收到信号后可触动控制器导通进行连接元件的致动状态控制。 Switch controller may be turned on is connected to the control element actuated state; and a remote controller, it is to transmit signals received by the controller conducting contact remote receiver, the remote control signal received by the receiver the controller may be touched conductive connecting element actuation state control.

[0007] 其中所述离合机构的中间伞型齿轮是套接于一连杆上且受一顶推元件顶持而常态往上位移。 [0007] wherein the intermediate bevel gear of the clutch mechanism is sleeved on a row by a push rod and a top member and held normally upward displacement. [0008] 其中所述顶推元件为一弹簧元件。 [0008] wherein said thrust element is a spring element.

[0009] 其中所述连杆一端具有一凹缘。 [0009] wherein one end of said connecting rod having a concave edge.

[0010] 其中所述止挡致动器是连动控制一卡掣杆来卡掣所述连杆的凹缘,让连杆上的中间伞型齿轮被限定在与旁边两伞型齿轮相啮合的位移位置。 [0010] wherein the stopper actuator is linked to a control lever engaging a ledge engaging the rod, so that the intermediate bevel gear is defined on the connecting rod side engaged with two bevel gear the displacement of the position.

[0011] 其中所述压入致动器及止挡致动器是一驱动元件,所述驱动元件为一电磁阀。 [0011] wherein the actuator is pressed into the stopper and the actuator is a driving element, the driving element is a solenoid valve.

[0012] 其中所述压入致动器是连动控制一曲杆单元来压触离合机构的连杆向下位移,促使所述连杆上所述中间伞型齿轮到达与旁边两伞型齿轮相啮合的位移位置。 [0012] wherein said actuator is pushed into the interlocking lever unit to control a downward displacement of the contact pressure of the clutch link mechanism, the link causes said intermediate bevel gear reaches the next two bevel gear displacement position engages.

[0013] 其中所述电动驱动单元也进一步设有2个到位极限开关,以控制汽车车门开启或关闭时的开始与结束位置,以判断与控制到位操作。 [0013] wherein said motor drive unit further provided with two limit switches in place to control the start and end car door is opened or closed position, and to determine a control operation in place.

[0014]为了达到上述目的,本发明还提供一种车门用铰链式电动操作系统,其系统操作控制方法包含有: [0014] To achieve the above object, the present invention also provides a motor vehicle door hinge with an operating system, the system operation control method comprising:

[0015] 提供一控制器导接的操作开关或者是压触发射信号使所述控制器的遥控接收器接收到信号导通的遥控器; [0015] The controller provides a conductive contact or pressure contact operation switch transmit signal causes the controller remote receiver receives the remote control signal is turned on;

[0016] 触动所述控制器导通进行控制一门扣机构及电动驱动单元的压入致动器、止挡致动器及驱动马达依序被致动; [0016] The touch controller controls an ON button and an electric drive mechanism is pressed into the actuator unit, the actuator and the stopper are sequentially drive motor is actuated;

[0017] 所述压入致动器被致动连动压触离合机构,促使所述被致动的驱动马达通过所述离合机构而带动一曲柄机构来推动汽车车门掀起或合闭的动作; [0017] The actuator is pressed into the actuated interlocking contact pressure of the clutch mechanism causes the drive motor is actuated to drive a crank mechanism through the clutch mechanism to drive off or closing a vehicle door opening and closing movements;

[0018] 以所述控制器利用位极限开关来判断汽车车门开启或关闭时的开始与结束位置是否到位; [0018] In the controller uses the limit switch position determines the start and end positions of the vehicle door when opened or closed is in place;

[0019] 汽车车门不到位时,所述控制器判读所述驱动马达内设的编码器位置是否要增进; When the [0019] automobile door is not in place, the interpretation of the drive controller of the motor encoder position whether to promotional offers;

[0020] 若所述驱动马达要增进时,则继续驱使所述驱动马达到位; [0020] If the drive motor to enhance, continue driving the drive motor in place;

[0021] 若所述驱动马达不要增进时,就命令驱使所述驱动马达反转,让汽车车门恢复初始位置; [0021] If the drive motor is not to promote, ordered to drive the drive motor is reversed, let the car door to restore the original position;

[0022] 汽车车门到位时,切断所述控制器的导通状态,所述电动驱动单元的驱动马达、所述止挡致动器及所述压入致动器达成不致动状态。 [0022] When the vehicle door in place, cutting off the conduction state of the controller, the electric motor driving unit, the actuator and the stopper is pressed into the actuator to reach a state not actuated.

[0023] 本发明的有益效果在于:其控制容易、既可自动化操作又可手动操作,结构简单、传动扭力大,使用者使用更加方便。 [0023] Advantageous effects of the present invention: it is easy to control, but also can automate the manual operation, simple structure, a large torque transmission, the user is more convenient to use.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0024] 图I为本发明汽车车门铰链式电动操作系统架构示意图; [0024] FIG I automotive door hinges electric operating system architecture diagram of the present invention;

[0025] 图2为本发明电动驱动单元相关构件组配关系示意图; [0025] FIG motor driving unit 2 associated with the relationship between the group member schematic diagram of the invention;

[0026] 图3为本发明电动驱动单元相关构件的动作示意图; [0026] FIG. 3 is a schematic electric drive unit of the present invention related to an operation member;

[0027] 图4为本发明汽车车门铰链式电动操作系统的操作控制示意图。 [0027] Fig 4 a schematic view of the operation control of vehicle door hinge electric operating system of the present invention.

[0028] 附图标记说明:1-电动驱动单元;11_驱动马达;111-驱动伞型齿轮;12_曲柄机构;121-被动伞型齿轮;122-曲柄;13-离合机构;131-连杆;1311-凹缘;132-中间伞型齿轮;133_顶推元件;14_压入致动器;141_曲杆单元;15_止挡致动器;151_卡掣杆;2_门扣机构;3-控制器;4-操作开关;5-遥控器;6-车门。 [0028] REFERENCE NUMERALS: 1 to an electric driving unit; a drive motor 11_; 111- driving bevel gear; crank mechanism 12_; 121- driven bevel gear; 122- crank; 13- clutch mechanism; even 131- rod; 1311- ledge; 132- intermediate bevel gear; 133_ push member; 14_ pressed into the actuator; 141_ knee lever unit; 15_ stopper stop actuator; 151_ engaging lever; 2_ a door lock mechanism; 3- controller; 4- operation switch; 5- remote controller; 6- door. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0029] 以下结合附图,对本发明上述的和另外的技术特征和优点作更详细的说明。 [0029] conjunction with the drawings, the above and other features and advantages of the present invention will be described in more detail.

[0030] 如图I所示,本案所揭露的车门用铰链式电动操作装置主要包括有一电动驱动单元I、门扣机构2、控制器3、操作开关4及遥控器5。 [0030] FIG I, the case disclosed with a hinged door electric operating device comprising a main motor driving unit I, the door catch mechanism 2, the controller 3, the remote operation switch 4 and 5.

[0031] 又如图I及图2所示,所述电动驱动单元I是包括驱动马达U、曲柄机构12、离合机构13、压入致动器14及止挡致动器15。 [0031] Another example is shown in FIGS. I and FIG, I is the electric drive unit comprises a drive motor U, a crank mechanism 212, the clutch mechanism 13, the actuator is pressed into the stopper 14 and the actuator 15. 其中所述驱动马达11内设有编码器(未标示),且接有一驱动伞型齿轮111 ;所述曲柄机构12设有一与驱动伞型齿轮111相对应且间隔一距离的被动伞型齿轮121,且所述被动伞型齿轮121连动一曲柄122,所述曲柄122连接汽车车门6,供以推动汽车车门6掀起或合闭的动作;而所述离合机构13是设置于驱动伞型齿轮111与被动伞型齿轮122间隔距离之间,其包括有一连杆131、一中间伞型齿轮132、一顶推元件133,所述连杆131上套接一伞型齿轮132,且受一顶推元件133顶持而常态居于上方,让中间伞型齿轮132不与驱动伞型齿轮111及被动伞型齿轮121接触而连动,在本实施例中,顶推元件133为一弹簧元件,在此并非对顶推元件133予以限制,只是说明其一较佳实施例应用而已,另外,所述连杆131 —端也具有一凹缘1311 ;再者,所述压入致动器14及止挡致动器15为一驱动元件,在本实 Wherein the driving motor 11 equipped with an encoder (not shown), and connected with a driving bevel gear 111; crank mechanism 12 provided with the driven bevel gear and a drive bevel gear 111 and spaced a distance corresponding to 121 and the driven bevel gear 121 interlocking a crank 122, crank 122 is connected to the vehicle door 6, for 6 to drive off or closing a vehicle door opening and closing movements; and the clutch mechanism 13 is disposed on the drive bevel gear 111 with the driven bevel gear 122 between the separation distance, which includes a link 131, an intermediate bevel gear 132, a push element 133, a bevel gear 132 is sleeved on the link 131, and by an push member 133 holds the normal living above, so that the intermediate bevel gear 132 is not 121 in contact with the drive bevel gear 111 and the driven bevel gear and the interlocking, in the present embodiment, the push member 133 is a spring element, in this is not to be restricted to the thrust element 133, merely illustrative of preferred embodiments only one application embodiment, further, the link 131 - terminal 1311 also has a ledge; Further, the actuator 14 pressed into the stopper and stop actuator 15 is a driving element, in the present 例中,所述驱动元件为一电磁阀,在此并非对驱动元件予以限制,只是说明其一较佳实施例应用而已;又所述压入致动器14是连动控制一曲杆单元141,如图3所示,所述压入致动器14连动控制曲杆单元141来压触离合机构13的连杆131向下位移,促使所述连杆131上套接的中间伞型齿轮132能一并位移与驱动伞型齿轮111及被动伞型齿轮121接触啮合而可以传导动力,达成驱动伞型齿轮111通过中间伞型齿轮132传导而带动被动伞型齿轮122 —并连动,供以控制曲柄122推动汽车车门6掀起或合闭的动作;以及所述止挡致动器15是连动控制一^^掣杆151来卡掣连杆131的凹缘1311,让连杆131被限定一位移位置,也即让连杆131与其套接的中间伞型齿轮132与驱动伞型齿轮111及被动伞型齿轮121保持在接触啮合的位置。 Embodiment, the drive member is a solenoid valve, not be limited to this driving element, merely illustrative of the preferred embodiment only one embodiment of the application; and said push actuator 14 is an interlocking control lever unit 141 , as shown, the actuator 14 is pressed into interlocking curved lever unit 141 to the control pressure contact link 131 downward displacement of the clutch mechanism 13, causes the rod 3 is sleeved on the intermediate bevel gear 131 132 can be displaced together with the drive gear 111 and the bevel gear 121 engages a contact type but may be passive bevel conducting power to reach the drive bevel gear 111 to drive the passive bevel gear 132 through the intermediate bevel gear conducting 122-- and interlocking, for controlling the crank 122 to push off or closing a vehicle door 6 opening and closing movements; and the stopper actuator 15 is connected to control a movable detent lever 151 ^^ rod engaging ledge 1,311,131, so that the link 131 is defining a displaced position, i.e. the position of the link 132 so that the intermediate bevel gear 131 and its socket drive bevel gear 111 and the driven bevel gear 121 is held in the contact engagement. 另外,所述电动驱动单元I也进一步设有2个到位极限开关(未标示),以控制汽车车门6开启或关闭时的开始与结束位置,以具有更周全的判断与控制到位操作。 Further, the motor driving unit provided with two I place further limit switches (not shown) to control the vehicle door 6 start and end open or closed position, to have a more comprehensive judgment and control operations in place.

[0032] 上述已说明了所述电动驱动单元I是以伞齿式直接驱动离合机构来达成将动力进行分离中断或接合的动作。 [0032] The above has described that the electric drive unit of formula I is a direct drive bevel gears clutch mechanism to achieve separation of the power interruption or engaging action. 又如图I所示,所述门扣机构2为控制汽车车门6开关的扣住与释放操作;所述控制器3为一单晶片微电脑控制,并导接一遥控接收器(未标示),所述控制器3为控制门扣机构2及电动驱动单元I的驱动马达11、压入致动器14及止挡致动器15的致动或不致动状态,且所述控制器3可判读驱动马达11内设的编码器位置是否增进与到位,以设定增加使用安全的防夹或退回功能;及所述操作开关4是可导通控制器3进行连接元件的致动状态控制;以及所述遥控器5是可通过一与控制器3导接的遥控接收器来接收其所发射信号,使所述遥控接收器接收到信号后可触动控制器3导通进行连接元件的致动状态控制。 Another example is shown in FIG. I, the door catch mechanism to control the vehicle door 2 and the buckle releasing operation switch 6; and the controller 3 is a single chip microcomputer control, and then conducting a remote control receiver (not shown), the controller 3 controls the door catch mechanism 2 is a drive motor and an electric drive unit I 11, the actuator is pressed into the stopper 14 and the actuator 15 is actuated or not actuated state, and the controller 3 interpretable drive motor encoder position 11 and in place promotional offers whether to set or increase the use of anti-pinch safety return function; and the operation switch 4 is actuated state may be turned through the controller 3 is connected to the control element; and the remote controller 5 is connected with the controller 3 via a remote pilot receiver to receive signals emitted therefrom, the remote control signal received by the receiver 3 may control the touch-conduction state of the connection element of the actuator control.

[0033] 接着参阅图4所示,就本发明所揭露的车门用铰链式电动操作装置的操作控制做说明如下: [0033] Next, referring to FIG. 4, the present invention is disclosed on the vehicle door is described below with the operation control of the electric operating device hinged:

[0034] 首先,利用使用者触动操作开关4,或者是压触遥控器5发射信号,使与控制器3导接的遥控接收器接收到信号,如此可触动控制器3导通进行相关元件的致动控制,也即将门扣机构2及电动驱动单元I的压入致动器14、止挡致动器15及驱动马达11依序被致动。 [0034] First, the user 4, 5 or the remote control transmit a signal pressure contact touches the operation switch, the controller 3 so that the guide into contact with the remote control receiver receives a signal, so the controller 3 may touch the conductive element related actuation control, also about the door catch mechanism 2 and the electric drive unit I is pressed into the actuator 14, the stopper 15 and the actuator drive motor 11 is actuated sequentially. [0035] 当所述压入致动器14被致动连动控制曲杆单元141来压触离合机构13的连杆131向下位移,促使所述连杆131上套接的中间伞型齿轮132能一并位移与驱动伞型齿轮111及被动伞型齿轮121接触啮合,同时所述驱动马达11也被致动,进而带动驱动伞型齿轮111通过中间伞型齿轮132传导而带动被动伞型齿轮121 —并连动,供以控制曲柄122推动汽车车门6掀起或合闭的动作。 [0035] When press-fitting the actuator 14 is actuated interlocking curved lever unit 141 to the control pressure contact link 131 downward displacement of the clutch mechanism 13, causes the intermediate bevel gear 131 is sleeved on the link 132 can be displaced together with the drive gear 111 and the bevel gear 121 meshing contact with the passive bevel type, while the drive motor 11 is also actuated so as to drive the drive bevel gear 111 through the intermediate bevel gear 132 to drive the passive bevel-type conductivity gear 121 - and to the linkage, for controlling the crank 122 to propel the vehicle door 6 closed off or closing operation.

[0036] 此时,控制器3可利用2个到位极限开关来判断汽车车门6开启或关闭时的开始与结束位置是否到位,以及判读驱动马达11内设的编码器位置是否要增进,当汽车车门6不到位时,其控制器3会判断驱动马达11是否要增进,若要增进时,则继续驱使驱动马达11到位,若不要增进时(也即汽车车门6有被异物挡到),此时就命令驱使驱动马达11反转,让汽车车门6恢复初始位置,以保证安全。 [0036] At this time, the controller 3 may be utilized in place two limit switches to determine when the vehicle door 6 to open or close the start and end position is in place, and an interpretation of the position of the drive motor encoder 11 whether or not to enhance features, when the vehicle 6 door is not in place, its controller 3 determines whether or not to enhance the driving motor 11, when to promote, continue to drive the drive motor 11 in place, if not enhance (ie car door 6 has been blocked to foreign body), this when ordered to drive the drive motor 11 is reversed, let the car door 6 to restore the initial position, in order to ensure safety.

[0037] 当汽车车门6掀起到位时,即可切断控制器3的导通状态,也即电动驱动单元I的驱动马达11、止挡致动器器15及压入致动器14依序达成不致动状态,当汽车车门6合闭到位时,即可切断控制器3的导通状态,也即电动驱动单元I的驱动马达11、止挡致动器15及压入致动器14依序达成不致动状态,同时门扣机构2也被达成不致动状态。 [0037] When the vehicle door 6 in place off, to cut off the conduction state of the controller 3, i.e. the drive unit for driving the electric motor 11 is I, the stopper actuator 15 and the actuator 14 is pressed into the sequence to achieve not actuated state, when the vehicle door 6 in the closed place, cutting a conducting state to the controller 3, i.e., the driving motor 11 of the electric drive unit I, the stopper 15 is pressed into the actuator and the actuator 14 sequentially It reached the state of not actuated while the door catch mechanism 2 is not actuated state is also reached. 当然,只要控制器3没有操作信号,电动驱动单元I就促使离合机构13无动作,即可改由手动操作。 Of course, as long as the control signal 3 is not operated, the electric drive unit I prompts the operation of the clutch mechanism 13 free, can be replaced by manual operation.

[0038] 综上所述,本发明所提供一种车门用铰链式电动操作系统及装置,通过一伞齿式直接驱动离合机构搭配控制器、遥控器或控制开关等控制系统操作,让汽车车门可以自动打开或关上,以达成电动自动化操作的目的,同时整个系统设计具有机构简单、控制容易、传动扭力大等特性与优点,极具产业利用性。 [0038] In summary, the present invention provides a motor vehicle door hinge with an operating system and device, with the controller, the remote control switch or a control system by a direct drive bevel gears operating the clutch mechanism, so that a vehicle door can automatically open or close, in order to achieve the purpose of automatic operation of the electric, while the overall system design simple means, is easy to control, large transmission torque and other characteristics and advantages, of great industrial applicability.

[0039] 以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例,对本发明而言仅仅是说明性的,而非限制性的。 [0039] The foregoing is only preferred embodiments of the present invention, for the present invention are merely illustrative, and not restrictive. 本专业技术人员理解,在本发明权利要求所限定的精神和范围内可对其进行许多改变,修改,甚至等效,但都将落入本发明的保护范围内。 Understood by those skilled in the claims of the invention within the spirit and scope as defined can be many alternatives, modifications, equivalents and even, but will fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. 一种汽车背门用铰链式电动操作装置,其特征在于,其包含有: 电动驱动单元,其包括有驱动马达、曲柄机构、离合机构、压入致动器及止挡致动器,所述驱动马达内设有编码器,所述离合机构是设置于所述驱动马达与所述曲柄机构之间,并由一组合成Π形的伞型齿轮组所构成,通过中间伞型齿轮的推拉,及所述压入致动器及所述止挡致动器的配合操作,让所述驱动马达的动力传递至所述曲柄机构的曲柄,以推动汽车背门掀起或合闭的动作; 门扣机构,为控制汽车背门开关的扣住或释放操作; 控制器,为一单晶片微电脑控制,并导接一遥控接收器,所述控制器控制所述门扣机构及电动驱动单元的所述驱动马达、所述压入致动器及所述止挡致动器的致动或不致动状态,且所述控制器判读所述驱动马达内设的编码器位置是否增进与到位,以设定增 1. An automotive rear door hinged electric operating device, characterized in that it comprises: an electric driving unit comprising a driving motor, a crank mechanism, the clutch mechanism, and the actuator is pressed into the stopper actuator, the drive motor equipped with an encoder, the clutch mechanism is provided between the motor and the crank mechanism driven by a bevel gear set combined into a Π-shape formed by the intermediate bevel gear sliding, and the actuator is pressed into the stopper and fitting operation of the actuator, so that the power of the drive motor is transmitted to the crank of the crank mechanism, to drive off the car or close the tailgate opening and closing movements; a door lock mechanism for controlling the car door switch or fastened back release operation; controller, a single-chip microcomputer as a control, and then conducting a remote receiver, the controller controls the door lock mechanism and an electric drive unit the drive motor, the actuator is pressed into the stopper and the actuator is not actuated or actuated state and the drive controller interpreting the position of the motor encoder and promotional offers whether in place to set by 使用安全的防夹或退回功能; 操作开关,是导通所述控制器进行连接元件的致动状态控制;以及遥控器,是通过与所述控制器导接的遥控接收器来接收其所发射信号,使所述遥控接收器接收到信号后触动所述控制器导通进行连接元件的致动状态控制。 Using a secure pinch or fallback function; operation switch is turned on the controller connection control element actuated state; and a remote controller, it is received by the controller transmitting conductive contact remote control receiver signal to the remote receiver receives the touch actuated state for the controller conducting the signal is connected to the control element.
2.根据权利要求I所述的汽车背门用铰链式电动操作装置,其特征在于,所述离合机构的中间伞型齿轮是套接于一连杆上且受一顶推元件顶持而常态居于上方。 The automotive back door I according to claim hinged electric operating device, characterized in that said clutch mechanism intermediate bevel gear is sleeved on a row by a push rod and a top support member and normally living above.
3.根据权利要求2所述的汽车背门用铰链式电动操作装置,其特征在于,所述顶推元件为一弹簧元件。 The motor vehicle according to claim 2 rear hinged door electric operating device, characterized in that the thrust element is a spring element.
4.根据权利要求2所述的汽车背门用铰链式电动操作装置,其特征在于,所述连杆一端具有一凹缘。 4. The vehicle according to claim 2 rear hinged door electric operating device, characterized in that said connecting rod having a recess at one end edge.
5.根据权利要求4所述的汽车背门用铰链式电动操作装置,其特征在于,所述止挡致动器是连动控制一卡掣杆来卡掣所述连杆的凹缘,让所述连杆上的中间伞型齿轮被限定在与其旁边两伞型齿轮相啮合的位移位置。 The automotive rear door according to claim 4 hinged electric operating device, characterized in that said stop ledge stop actuator is a linkage engaging a control lever engaging said link, so that the intermediate bevel gear is defined on the connecting rod in its displaced position beside two bevel gear meshing.
6.根据权利要求I所述的汽车背门用铰链式电动操作装置,其特征在于,所述压入致动器及止挡致动器为一驱动元件,所述驱动元件为一电磁阀。 The automobile according to claim I with a tailgate hinged electric operating device, characterized in that the actuator is pressed into the stopper and the actuator is a driving element, the driving element is a solenoid valve.
7.根据权利要求5所述的汽车背门用铰链式电动操作装置,其特征在于,所述压入致动器是连动控制一曲杆单元来压触所述离合机构的连杆向下位移,促使所述连杆上所述中间伞型齿轮到达与所述两伞型齿轮相啮合的位移位置。 The car as claimed in claim 5, wherein the rear hinged door electric operating device, characterized in that the actuator is pressed into the interlocking lever unit to control a contact pressure of the clutch mechanism down link displacement of the rod causes the displacement of the intermediate bevel gear reaches the position of the two meshing bevel gear.
8.根据权利要求I所述的汽车背门用铰链式电动操作装置,其特征在于,所述电动驱动单元也进一步设有两个到位极限开关,以控制汽车背门开启或关闭时的开始与结束位置,以判断与控制到位操作。 The automotive rear door according to claim I hinged electric operating device, characterized in that the electric drive unit is further provided with two limit switches in place to control the car when the tailgate is opened or closed with the start end position, is determined to control the operation place.
9. 一种汽车背门用铰链式电动操作系统,其特征在于,其系统操作控制方法包含有: 提供一控制器导接的操作开关或者是压触发射信号使所述控制器的遥控接收器接收到信号导通的遥控器; 触动所述控制器导通进行控制一门扣机构及电动驱动单元的压入致动器、止挡致动器及驱动马达依序被致动; 所述压入致动器被致动连动压触离合机构,促使所述被致动的驱动马达通过所述离合机构而带动一曲柄机构来推动汽车背门掀起或合闭的动作; 以所述控制器利用位极限开关来判断汽车背门开启或关闭时的开始与结束位置是否到位; 汽车背门不到位时,所述控制器判读所述驱动马达内设的编码器位置是否要增进; 若所述驱动马达要增进时,则继续驱使所述驱动马达到位; 若所述驱动马达不要增进时,就命令驱使所述驱动马达反转,让汽车背门恢复初始 A car with a tailgate hinged electric operation system, characterized in that, the system operation control method comprising: providing a controller operating switch conductive contact or contact pressure of the transmitted signal so that the controller remote receiver receiving the remote control signal is turned on; touch the conducting controller controls a motor drive unit and the fastening means is pressed into the actuator, the actuator and the stopper are sequentially drive motor is actuated; the pressure the actuator is actuated interlocking contact pressure of the clutch mechanism causes the drive motor is actuated to drive the crank mechanism by a clutch mechanism to drive the car tailgate closing off or opening and closing movements; to the controller using a limit switch to determine the position when the car door is opened or closed back start and end position is in place; back door when the vehicle is not in place, the position encoder of the drive motor controller interpretation whether or not to promote site; if the to enhance the drive motor, the motor continues to drive the drive in place; if not enhance the driving motor, ordered to drive the drive motor is reversed, let the car restore the original back door 位置; 汽车背门到位时,切断所述控制器的导通状态,所述电动驱动单元的驱动马达、所述止挡致动器及所述压入致动器达成不致动状态。 Position; back door when the car in place, cutting the conductive state of the controller, the electric motor driving unit, the actuator and the stopper is pressed into the actuator to reach a state not actuated.
CN2008102140504A 2008-08-26 2008-08-26 Hinge type electric operation system and hinge type electric operation device for car door CN101660381B (en)

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US10145165B2 (en) * 2015-07-29 2018-12-04 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Programmable door power assist
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