CN101654900A - Smooth-moving bridge for intersection - Google Patents

Smooth-moving bridge for intersection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101654900A
CN101654900A CN200810141077A CN200810141077A CN101654900A CN 101654900 A CN101654900 A CN 101654900A CN 200810141077 A CN200810141077 A CN 200810141077A CN 200810141077 A CN200810141077 A CN 200810141077A CN 101654900 A CN101654900 A CN 101654900A
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China
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bridge
runway
intersection
vehicle
west
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CN200810141077A
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刘峰
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刘峰
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Priority to CN200810141077A priority Critical patent/CN101654900A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a bridge deck device of a smooth-moving bridge for a steel-structure intersection, which is constructed above the intersection. In the device, a triangular single annular closed bridge deck traffic lane and a transverse straight going bridge deck traffic lane which enables left turning and left rear turning of motor vehicles into a whole can be manufactured by utilizing the relationships of upper and lower intersections, front and rear intersections and left and right intersections of an air bridge deck which is 4.50 meters high from the ground. Furthermore, a foundation combination using the two bridge decks forms the smooth-moving bridge for the intersection, and a method for planar crossing traffic of motor vehicles in crossroads is changed into a method for vertical crossing traffic so as to solve the running problem that motor vehicles cannot move smoothly in each direction of the intersection in each direction at the same time. Four steel structure passenger bridges or an x-shaped underground passage can be constructed to solve the problem that passengers and non-power-driven vehicles cannot walk or run smoothly in each direction.

Description

Smooth-moving bridge for intersection
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind ofly hand over and the floor space sky, crossing at existing cross, take to build the method on one deck steel structure bridge road surface, utilization intersects and left and right sides cross reference apart from intersection up and down, the front and back on the air-bridge road surface on 4.50 meters high on ground, produce motor vehicles left steering and the left back bridge pavement runway that turns to and laterally keep straight on, and by left steering with left back to turn to bridge pavement runway and two bridge pavement carriage waies of laterally keeping straight on for the triangle list annulus enclosed shape of one be main device.With the method, with motor vehicles at the parting of the ways the mode of travelling of at grade intersection change the clover leaf mode of travelling into, build up the smooth-moving bridge for intersection of steel work, thus solve motor vehicles in the intersection the unblocked problem of travelling of all directions simultaneously.In the friendship of the steel work outside of crossing freely-moving bridge four direction again, again to build the pass by on one's way mode of overline bridge of all the people present's steel work, or the mode of below smooth-moving bridge for intersection, building " x " type underground passage, solve pedestrian and the non power driven vehicle straightway current problem of all directions simultaneously.Belong to traffic, vehicle, transport field.
Background technology:
Because the timesharing very fast and the right-angled intersection Red Light, Stop of car quantity growth is passed through, cause wait, the traffic congestion phenomenon of motor vehicles, pedestrian and non motorized vehicle day by day serious, brought bigger inconvenience for the harmonious development of daily life and society.
In metropolitan district, build the overpass bridge of reinforced concrete structure, need take over the land for use, extensive work such as moving, and floor space is big, cost of investment is high, should not develop in a large number.If use the present invention---hand over and the crossing freely-moving bridge, then can be smaller, under the situation that cost of investment is lower in floor space, solve motor vehicles, pedestrian and non motorized vehicle in right-angled intersection straightway current problem simultaneously.
Summary of the invention;
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is: after, green light red in the right-angled intersection cancellation directs traffic, solve motor vehicles, a pedestrian and non motorized vehicle all directions straightway current problem simultaneously.
The present invention solves the technical scheme that its technical problem takes: hand over and the floor space sky, crossing at existing cross, take to build the method on one deck steel structure bridge road surface, utilization intersects and left and right sides cross reference apart from intersection up and down, the front and back on the air-bridge road surface on 4.50 meters high on ground, produce motor vehicles left steering and the left back bridge pavement runway that turns to and laterally keep straight on, and by left steering and the left back bridge pavement runway that turns to the triangle list annulus enclosed shape of one, and two bridge pavement carriage waies of laterally keeping straight on are main device.With the method, with motor vehicles at the parting of the ways the mode of travelling of at grade intersection change the clover leaf mode of travelling into, the friendship of building up steel work is the crossing freely-moving bridge again.Aerial one deck bridge pavement runway of steel work smooth-moving bridge for intersection, mainly be to solve motor vehicles left steering and the left back graded crossing that turns to and laterally the keep straight on problem of travelling simultaneously, the road surface runway mainly is to solve the right turn of motor vehicles and the problem of vertically keeping straight on the ground.The left steering of four motor vehicles and left back bridge floor road and two motor vehicles carriage waies of laterally keeping straight on that turn to one, be increased to 4.50 meters aerial simultaneously, the motor vehicles that make left steering and the left back motor vehicles that turn to and laterally keep straight on, steel work up gradient along smooth-moving bridge for intersection, travel on the bridge floor road of lower support type steel work smooth-moving bridge for intersection, thereby making what travel on the bridge floor of smooth-moving bridge for intersection is left steering and the left back motor vehicles that turn to, and the motor vehicles of laterally keeping straight on, what travel on the road under bridge face is the motor vehicles of vertically craspedodrome and right turn.The four direction outside of smooth-moving bridge for intersection is the overline bridge of passing by on one's way of all the people present's steel work, specializes in a pedestrian and non motorized vehicle walking.After taking above technical scheme, can reach at cross and hand over and after crossing cancellation is red, green light directs traffic, solve motor vehicles, the pedestrian and non motorized vehicle all directions purpose of unblocked current problem simultaneously.Building the mode of " x " type underground passage below smooth-moving bridge for intersection, is the alternative scheme that solves pedestrian and the straightway current problem of non power driven vehicle while all directions.
Global shape of the present invention is: stereo cross intersects the close-shaped smooth-moving bridge for intersection of four annulus, aerial one deck is erected at apart from 4.50 meters high on ground in the air, respectively by the semicircular arc runway of four left steerings, 90 degree and four left back annulus enclosed shape runways that turn to 180 degree that connect as one with it, and middle also high apart from 4.50 meters on ground, the horizontal craspedodrome of equal sign shape is also crossed over vertically the keep straight on bridge pavement of passing by on one's way on road surface of ground and is formed.Ground one deck is the runway and the vertical runway of keeping straight on of motor vehicles of the motor vehicles right turn of existing crossroad.The smooth-moving bridge for intersection four direction outside is apart from all the people present's steel work on 4.5 meters high on ground overline bridge of passing by on one's way, and specializes in a pedestrian and non motorized vehicle walking.
Core apparatus of the present invention mainly is: left steering that triangle list annulus is close-shaped and the left back aerial steel structure bridge that turns to one, next is the horizontal craspedodrome of equal sign shape and crosses over vertically the keep straight on bridge of passing by on one's way on road surface of ground, wherein: left steering that triangle list annulus is close-shaped and the left back steel structure bridge road that turns to one, it is the up gradient by the steel work bridge floor, the craspedodrome road, the circular arc runway of left steering, the left back annulus runway that turns to, left backly turn to behind the annulus runway craspedodrome and the gug of right turn 90 degree again, and craspedodrome and gug behind the left steering 90 degree circular arc runways are formed.Both sides are connected with the strip bridge pier of steel work below the bridge floor craspedodrome road of bridge, are connected with Reinforced Concrete Circular Cylinder shape bridge pier below the bridge floor bend of bridge and the upper and lower ramp.In addition, the horizontal craspedodrome of equal sign shape also across vertically the keep straight on shape of the bridge runway of passing by on one's way on road surface of ground is: the up gradient of the two-way craspedodrome of steel work, two-way parallel craspedodrome road, the gug of two-way craspedodrome are " bow " word shape, be installed in across ground and vertically keep straight on the road surface, the bottom of this bridge floor is a Reinforced Concrete Circular Cylinder shape bridge pier, is the motor line track of vertically keeping straight in ground between the bridge pier.
Overall structure of the present invention is: by aerial one deck motor line track, and pass by on one's way overline bridge and one deck motor line track, ground composition that pedestrian and bicycle use.Aerial one deck steel work lower support type is specialized in the bridge runway that motor vehicles travel, and is the semicircular arc runway and the left back annular runway and the horizontal runway of keeping straight on of turning back and reversing end for end behind 180 degree that turn to of four left steerings of motor vehicles, 90 degree.Left steering and left back turning to below the bridge runway of the motor vehicles runway of one and upper and lower sloping runway are the cylindrical reinforced concrete bridge piers.Following and the both sides of craspedodrome road bridge are connected with the upper end of steel strip bridge pier.The main effect of steel strip bridge pier is: in the long narrow floor space in the motor vehicles runway next door of keeping straight on ground, carrying bridge and the dynamic load state when motor vehicles travel at full capacity above the bridge under weight.The main effect of cylindrical reinforced concrete bridge pier is: be under the state in bend and ramp at the bridge floor road, bearing bridge and the dynamic load state when motor vehicles travel at full capacity above the bridge under weight.The bottom of steel strip bridge pier and Reinforced Concrete Circular Cylinder shape bridge pier all is connected on the bearing platform of steel concrete, is three cylindrical reinforced concrete piles below the bearing platform, and the updrift side of strip bridge pier has crash barrier.Steel work lower support type bridge can use the prefabricated units of the reinforced concrete structure of making in advance to dock installation at the construction field (site).Ground one deck is the circular arc runway of motor vehicles right turn 90 degree, and the runway of vertically keeping straight on, and coagulates native bridge pier by cylindrical reinforcing bar rod between two-layer to be connected with steel strip bridge pier.The underground of smooth-moving bridge for intersection is that pedestrian and non motorized vehicle uses " X " type underground passage.
Key method of the present invention is: adopt the mode of building the steel structure bridge road surface, with motor vehicles left steering and the left back road that travels that turns to, build in 4.50 meters high of distance ground carriage waies in the air, the runway on the steel structure bridge road surface that motor vehicles travel is specialized in utilization, aloft and between the ground, take bridge pavement about intersect, method that front and back intersect and intersect up and down, make motor vehicles that all directions travel aloft with ground between about intersect, front and back intersect and the bridge pavement that intersects up and down on, straightway travelling simultaneously.Need left steering and the left back motor vehicles that travel that turn to, along ground left steering runway along up gradient travel rise to 4.50 meters bridge floor height after, below extremely, be on the bridge floor runway in the reverse direct lane sky left promptly, bridge pavement along the left steering half-circle-arc shape slowly turns to 90 degree curved then, be forward during the direct lane spatial domain below the arrival, take descending and down the mode of bridge enter the road surface forward on the direct lane, thereby finish the process that the motor vehicles left steering travels.This moment the road surface motor vehicles of forward keeping straight on, lane change is to the right travelled, and surmounts after bridge takes up an area of the highway section down, leans on left into the cruising forward of direct lane forward again.Take bridge pavement with the left steering half-circle-arc shape, increase to the mode of the close-shaped runway of annulus, the motor vehicles that needs tunes is turned back, behind close-shaped bridge pavement runway left steering 180 degree of annulus, turn right again to 90 degree, continue then to keep straight on and descending, enter craspedodrome road, ground and get final product along the bridge pavement runway.The horizontal craspedodrome that motor vehicles are travelled and across vertically the keep straight on bridge road of passing by on one's way on road surface of ground, also build in 4.50 meters high of distance ground carriage waies in the air, making needs the laterally motor vehicles of craspedodrome, up gradient along the ground direct lane, keeping straight on to the horizontal craspedodrome of equal sign shape and across vertically the keep straight on bridge pavement of passing by on one's way on road surface of ground, continues to keep straight on and gets final product in the straight trade, back of passing a bridge.
Key structure of the present invention is: specialize in motor vehicles left steering and the left back steel work lower support type bridge runway that turns to the single one function of travelling, this motor vehicles left steering and the left back steel work lower support type bridge runway that turns to the single one function of travelling specialized in, can use separately, also can specialize in the use that combines of motor vehicles left steering and the left back steel work lower support type bridge runway that turns to the single one function of travelling four.This motor vehicles left steering and the left back steel work lower support type bridge runway that turns to the single one function of travelling specialized in also is adapted at the T-shape road and hands over mouthful use again.Left steering and the left back structural behavior of using of steel work lower support type bridge that turns to is separately: up gradient is the lower support type bridge road surface runway that is made with steel structure material, in the middle of the bottom of up gradient is that cylindrical reinforcing bar rod coagulates native bridge pier, the upper end of up gradient is connected with the runway on steel work lower support type bridge road surface, the both sides, bottom of bridge pavement runway are the steel strip bridge piers of steel work, in the middle of the bottom of bridge pavement runway is the cylindrical reinforced concrete bridge pier, bridge road surface, craspedodrome road runway is connecting the slowly semi arch bend bridge pavement runway of left steering 90 degree, turning over curved back one of 90 degree is the left steering bridge pavement runway of descending after keeping straight on, another is to continue to turn right then and spend the craspedodrome road of keeping straight on and entering the ground maneuver vehicle by the gug of bridge pavement to 90 along annular bridge pavement road left steering 90 degree.So far, specialize in motor vehicles left steering and the left back steel work lower support type bridge runway that turns to the single one function of travelling, finished the left steering and the left back driving process that turns to of motor vehicles.
The present invention also can be with the motor vehicles that need left steering to travel in a large number, along ground left steering runway to the smooth-moving bridge for intersection up gradient travel rise to 4.50 meters height after, take the curved driving bridge floor of slow left steering 90 degree is widened mode for two-way traffic, motor vehicles are passed through fast.In the bridge pavement road of widening to two-way traffic, after the runway in the right waited 90 degree bends, can descend bridge to sail the road surface into forward keeps straight on and travels, an other runway can continue forward to keep straight on along the bridge pavement runway, up to needs once more left, right turn or when down bridge is kept straight on, again from the bridge pavement runway left, right turn or down bridge keep straight on.
Vehicle of the present invention turn back the tune be: with needs turn back the tune motor vehicles, along ground left steering runway to hand over and crossing freely-moving bridge up gradient travel rise to the bridge floor of 4.50 meters height after, left by to the bridge floor that slowly left steering 90 degree are bent, travelling, continue then along travelling on the bridge floor that slowly left steering 90 degree are bent, when below the arrival being the motorway spatial domain of forward keeping straight on, the mode of taking down bridge to travel enters on the forward direct lane on ground, thereby finishes the driving process that motor vehicles are turned back and reversed end for end.The motor vehicles lane change to the right that this moment forward travels in the road surface is kept straight on, and after bridge takes up an area of the highway section under surmounting, enters left more forward and continues to overtake in the direct lane.
The present invention turns back the vehicle flowrate of tune when bigger at vehicle, and runway can be widened is two tracks or three tracks.
The present invention is when the vehicle of laterally keeping straight on is many, and the bridge floor runway of laterally keeping straight on can be widened is two tracks or three tracks.
The present invention is at the road right-angled intersection, when the motor vehicle number that motor vehicles at grade intersection folk prescription is turned left or kept straight on is many, with four motor vehicle left steerings and left back motor vehicles runway and two motor vehicle direct lanes that turn to one, needs according to actual vehicle flowrate decompose back use separately, are two tracks or three tracks but also the bridge pavement runway road surface of using separately can be widened.
Pedestrian and non motorized vehicle of the present invention can be at smooth-moving bridge for intersection outside four direction on 30 meters road surface, all the people present's steel work of building opposing traffic on the overline bridge of passing by on one's way, can also be in smooth-moving bridge for intersection " x " type underground passage opposing traffic.
Bridge fine strain of millet of the present invention is the lower support type steel structure bridge, it above the bridge driving road surface, the perpendicular fine strain of millet on bridge both sides also can be used as the guardrail of bridge pavement, and bridge pavement is when slowly left steering 90 is spent, low outer high inclined-plane state in being, this interior low outer high inclined-plane state is to offset motor vehicles produce centrifugal force in left steering travels major measure.
Bridge pier of the present invention is the three-dimensional rectangle steel strip bridge pier and the Reinforced Concrete Circular Cylinder shape bridge pier of structure steel fabrication; three-dimensional rectangle strip steel bridge pier can carry the weight of load on the vehicle that travels on bridge and the bridge and the vehicle; the position that can seldom take up an area of face again; this bridge pier is installed on the bearing platform of the following reinforced concrete structure of ground line; it below the bearing platform cylindrical reinforced concrete pile foundation; 0.30 meter of the ground updrift side of this bridge pier have that steel concrete is made with this bridge pier with wide crash bearer, this pier is first barrier of the three-dimensional rectangle strip of protection steel work bridge pier.The present invention both had been adapted at the crossroad and had used, and also was adapted at " T " word crossing or multidirectional intersection and used.
The present invention also be fit to use steel structure concrete to make becomes prefabricated units, steel concrete is cast into prefabricated component according to design size after, under the situation that the various conditions of the right-angled intersection of needs transformation all possess, carry out assembled on site and get final product.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:, only utilize the existing road right-angled intersection sky to install and use because of floor space is little.Smooth-moving bridge for intersection is saved again under the situation of soil, manpower, electric power resource in small investment, not only can integral installation get up to use, and can also install and use separately after the actual needs partition according to the on-the-spot vehicle flowrate of road right-angled intersection.Particularly the motor vehicles left steering and left back turn to travel be the bridge pavement runway of one and the motor vehicles of laterally keeping straight on bridge pavement runway across ground vertical craspedodrome road surface, use separately the back of can breaking.Motor vehicles, pedestrian and non motorized vehicle have been solved under any circumstance, simultaneously the straightway current problem of all directions.
Description of drawings:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further details:
Fig. 1 is a floor map of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an air-bridge of the present invention road surface runway schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is left steering and the left back air-bridge road surface runway schematic diagram that turns to one that the present invention uses.
Fig. 4 is that the equal sign shape used of the present invention is laterally kept straight on and across vertically the keep straight on air-bridge road surface runway schematic diagram on road surface of ground.
The specific embodiment:
Example 1. Fig. 1 are plan view of the present invention, digital representative is among the figure: runway (10 1 east 123456 of sidewalk (7), nonmotorized vehicle lane (8), isolation strip (9), motor vehicles, south 123456, west 123456, north 123456), left steering and the left back motor vehicles runway (11) that turns to one, the laterally overline bridge of passing by on one's way (13) of the bridge floor motor vehicles runway (12) of keeping straight on, pedestrian and bicycle use.The motor vehicles concrete route that the while all directions are travelled in smooth-moving bridge for intersection is as follows:
By south orientation west, north, east, south to the motor vehicle traffic route of travelling:
Left-hand bend vehicle by the south orientation west: keeping straight on from the bridge that travels behind 90 degree of bridge left steering on (south 4) runway to (west 3) runway gets final product.
Through vehicles from south to north: keeping straight on along the road surface to (north 2) runway from (south 5) runway gets final product.
Right-hand bend vehicle by south east: turning right from (south 6) runway along the road surface enters (east 1) runway and gets final product behind 90 degree.
The vehicle of turning back by south orientation south: bridge and behind bridge pavement runway left steering 180 degree from (south 4) runway, travelling, bridge gets final product to (south 1) runway
By east orientation south, west, north, east is to the motor vehicle traffic route of travelling:
Left-hand bend vehicle by east orientation south: keeping right to keep straight on behind the bridge to (south 4) runway from travelling behind 90 degree of bridge left steering on (east 4) runway gets final product.
Through vehicles from east to west: keep straight on from (east 5) runway and to go up bridge to (east 4) and keep straight on and pass a bridge the back by continuing to travel and get final product to (west 2) runway.
Right-hand bend vehicle by north east: turning right from (east 6) runway along the road surface enters (north 1) runway and gets final product behind 90 degree.
The vehicle of turning back by east orientation east: travelling behind 180 degree from bridge on (east 4) runway along bridge pavement runway left steering, bridge gets final product to (east 1) runway.
By north orientation east, south, west, the north to the motor vehicle traffic route of travelling:
Left-hand bend vehicle by north orientation east: keeping straight on from the bridge that travels behind 90 degree of bridge left steering on (north 4) runway to (east 3) runway gets final product.
Through vehicles by north orientation south: keeping straight on along the road surface to (south 2) runway from (north 5) runway gets final product.
Right-hand bend vehicle by north west: turning right from (north 6) runway along the road surface enters (west 1) runway and gets final product behind 90 degree.
The vehicle of turning back by north orientation north: travelling behind 180 degree from bridge on (north 4) runway along bridge pavement runway left steering, bridge gets final product to (north 1) runway.
From west to east, south, west are to the motor vehicle traffic route of travelling:
By west left-hand bend vehicle northwards: walk to keep right to keep straight on behind the bridge under (north 4) runway behind bridge left steering 90 degree from (west 4) runway and get final product.
Through vehicles from west to east: keeping right after bridge is passed a bridge on from (west 5) runway craspedodrome to (west 4) runway gets final product along (east 2) runway craspedodrome.
Right-hand bend vehicle by west south: turning right along the road surface from (west 6) runway enters (south 1) runway to 90 degree and gets final product.
By the west vehicle of turning back westwards: travelling after from bridge on (west 4) runway along the left back turnback of bridge pavement runway, bridge gets final product to (west 1) runway.
What example 2. was shown in Figure 2 is, hand over and the floor space sky, crossing at existing cross, and based on the carriage way marker line of road surface all directions motor vehicles, the air-bridge road surface runway of one deck lower support type steel work smooth-moving bridge for intersection building.The air-bridge road surface runway of this smooth-moving bridge for intersection, motor vehicles left steering and left back four bridge pavement runways that turn to one, and two air-bridge road surface runways that motor vehicles are laterally kept straight on raise 4.50 meters, make motor vehicles left steering and left back two runways of laterally keeping straight on that turn to into four carriage waies and the motor vehicles of one, along the up gradient of smooth-moving bridge for intersection, travel on the bridge pavement runway of steel work.Thereby making what travel on the freely-moving bridge bridge pavement is left steering and the left back vehicle that turns to and laterally keep straight on, what travel on the ground level road is the vehicle of vertically craspedodrome and right turn, pass by on one's way overline bridge or " x " type underground passage of smooth-moving bridge for intersection, current is pedestrian and non motorized vehicle.On the bridge pavement runway of smooth-moving bridge for intersection, the specifically mode of travelling of motor vehicles is: the motor vehicles that will need left steering to travel, along the smooth-moving bridge for intersection up gradient travel rise to 4.50 meters height after, promptly left by being on the bridge pavement runway in the second lane sky of the reverse craspedodrome in ground to bridge pavement, then along the bridge floor road of left steering, be forward during the direct lane spatial domain below slowly left steering 90 degree arrive, take down the mode of bridge to enter the road surface forward on the direct lane, thereby finish the driving process of motor vehicles left steering, the motor vehicles that this moment forward keeps straight in the road surface, lane change is to the right travelled, after bridge takes up an area of the highway section under surmounting, lean on left again into forward direct lane, cruising forward.With the left back motor vehicles that travel that turn to of needs, along the up gradient of smooth-moving bridge for intersection travel rise to 4.50 meters high-altitudes after, promptly left by being on the bridge pavement runway of the overhead smooth-moving bridge for intersection of second runway of reverse craspedodrome to ground, and after slowly turning to 90 degree along the bridge floor road of left steering semicircle arcuation, continuation is along the close-shaped runway of annulus left steering 90 degree once more, and then turn right that to be bent to below reaching to 90 degree be forward during the direct lane spatial domain, take mode with the bridge pavement descending to enter the road surface forward on the direct lane, thereby finish the left back process of travelling that turns to of motor vehicles.This moment the road surface motor vehicles of forward keeping straight on, lane change is to the right travelled, and surmounts after bridge takes up an area of the highway section down, leans on left into forward direct lane, cruising forward again.
Example 3. Fig. 3 are described to be, left steering and the left back bridge pavement runway (11) that turns to the smooth-moving bridge for intersection that travels apart from the 4.50 meters high motor vehicles in ground of one, the bend (11---4) that the gug (11-3) that it is kept to the right by the bend (11---2) of the half-circle-arc shape of craspedodrome road (11---1), left steering 90 degree, after keeping straight on by the up gradient of steel work, the left side, back of going up a slope, the annular that continues left steering 90 degree are close-shaped and keep straight on after gug (11-5) form.The running method of left steering is: kept straight on to the up gradient (11---1) of smooth-moving bridge for intersection by ground (4) runway, behind runway (11---2) left steering 90 degree of half-circle-arc shape, forward keep straight on, then, entering craspedodrome road, ground from the right side by craspedodrome road (11---3) descending continues to keep straight on.The left back running method that turns to is: kept straight on to the up gradient (11--1) of smooth-moving bridge for intersection by ground (4) runway, continue to turn to 90 degree along the close-shaped runway of annulus (11---4) after runway (11-2) left steering 90 of half-circle-arc shape is spent, right turn 90 degree enter the continuation craspedodrome of craspedodrome road, ground along bridge pavement craspedodrome road (11---5) descending then again.With the motor vehicles that need left steering to travel in a large number, along the smooth-moving bridge for intersection up gradient travel rise to 4.50 meters height after, take the curved bridge pavement runway of slow left steering 90 degree is widened mode for two-way traffic, motor vehicles are passed through fast.Wherein the right a runway, waited 90 the degree bends after, can descend bridge to sail the forward craspedodrome road on road surface into.An other bridge pavement runway can continue to keep straight on along the bridge floor runway, up to needs once more left, right turn or when bridge is kept straight on down, again from the bridge pavement runway left, right turn or down bridge keep straight on.If with needs turn back the tune motor vehicles, after travelling the bridge pavement runway that rises to 4.50 meters height along road surface left steering runway, left by extremely slowly turning to the curved bridge floor travels down of 90 degree, continue then along slowly turning to the curved bridge floor travels down of 90 degree, when below the arrival being the motorway spatial domain of forward keeping straight on, the mode of taking down bridge to travel behind 90 degree of turning right enters in the forward craspedodrome road on ground travels, thereby finishes the driving process that motor vehicles are turned back and reversed end for end.The motor vehicles lane change to the right that this moment forward travels in the road surface is kept straight on, and after bridge takes up an area of the highway section under surmounting, enters left more forward and continues to overtake in the direct lane.
Example 4. Fig. 1 are described to be, the motor vehicles runway that all directions are travelled, under the bigger situation of vehicle flowrate, can will begin left steering and slowly turn 90 degrees curved semi arch bridge pavement runway, widening becomes two-way traffic, runway wherein, forward keep straight on ground in the mode of descending and to be connected, an other runway continues along the bridge pavement runway, driving to need be once more left, when right turn or descending are kept straight on, again from the bridge pavement of smooth-moving bridge for intersection, left, right turn or descending keep straight on.Under the bigger situation of vehicle flowrate, still can continue to keep straight on after head end operation is turned back, and can to widen the craspedodrome road be two tracks or three tracks along the bridge pavement of smooth-moving bridge for intersection.When the vehicle of horizontal craspedodrome was many, the bridge pavement runway of laterally keeping straight on can be widened was two tracks or three tracks.
What example 5. was shown in Figure 3 is, when folk prescription turn left to the left back motor vehicle number that turns to more for a long time, can and left backly turn to bridge pavement runway to use separately with the motor vehicle left steering for one.
What example 6. was shown in Figure 4 is, when the motor vehicle quantity of keeping straight on more for a long time, the bridge pavement of keeping straight on can be used separately.
What example 7. was shown in Figure 1 is, pedestrian and non motorized vehicle can be at smooth-moving bridge for intersection outside four direction, all the people present's steel work of building at a distance of 30 meters the sky, road surface opposing traffic on the overline bridge of passing by on one's way, also can " X " type underground passage below smooth-moving bridge for intersection in opposing traffic.
Example 8. Fig. 1 are described to be, the bridge of smooth-moving bridge for intersection is the lower support type steel structure bridge, bridge is the main body of bridge pavement runway, the perpendicular fine strain of millet on bridge both sides, it also is the guardrail of bridge pavement, and the bridge pavement runway is when slowly turning to 90 to spend, low outer high inclined-plane in being, this inclined-plane runway be offset motor vehicles turn to travel in the major measure of generation centrifugal force.
What example 9. was shown in Figure 1 is that the bridge pier of smooth-moving bridge for intersection is the rectangle strip bridge pier and the Reinforced Concrete Circular Cylinder shape bridge pier of structure steel fabrication.The rectangle strip bridge pier of structure steel fabrication, the bridge pavement bottom that is used to keep straight on, it can carry the dynamic load weight of driving vehicle on bridge and the bridge, the position that can seldom take up an area of the face runway again, being installed on the bearing platform of reinforced concrete structure of below ground, is the cylindrical reinforced concrete foundation pile below the bearing platform.Bridge pier at 0.30 meter of updrift side on ground be steel concrete make with this bridge pier with wide crash bearer, this pier is first barrier of protection steel work rectangle strip bridge pier.Reinforced Concrete Circular Cylinder shape bridge pier is used for the bridge pavement of up gradient, gug and the added turning lane of steel work.
What example 10. was shown in Figure 1 is, smooth-moving bridge for intersection promptly is adapted at the crossroad and uses, and also is adapted at the T-shaped road junction a little after the repacking or multi-direction crossing of travelling is used.
What example 11. was shown in Figure 1 is that smooth-moving bridge for intersection promptly can be used structure steel fabrication, also can make of steel concrete.With the designing requirement of steel concrete, after cast becomes the prefabricated units of standard, under the situation that needs transformation or the various conditions of right-angled intersection of building all possess, carry out assembled on site and get final product according to standard.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of in the existing right-angled intersection floor space sky, take to build one deck steel work stereo cross and intersect the method for the close-shaped smooth-moving bridge for intersection of four annulus, utilization is apart from the intersection up and down on the steel work lower support type bridge road surface on 4.50 meters high on ground, front and back intersect and left and right sides cross reference, produce motor vehicles left steering and the left back bridge pavement runway that turns to and laterally keep straight on, and by four left steerings with left back to turn to the bridge pavement carriage way for the horizontal craspedodrome of the bridge pavement runway of the triangle list annulus enclosed shape of one and two equal sign shapes be the smooth-moving bridge for intersection that main device is formed; It is characterized in that: with motor vehicles at the parting of the ways the mode of travelling of at grade intersection change the clover leaf mode of travelling into, build up the bridge pavement device of steel work smooth-moving bridge for intersection, be made up of aerial one deck, ground one deck and B1, aerial one deck bridge pavement is left steering and the left back runway (11) for one, the bridge pavement runway (12) and the overline bridge of passing by on one's way (13) of laterally keeping straight on of turning to; Ground one deck is the right turn runway, vertically keeps straight on and nonmotorized vehicle lane (8), sidewalk (7); B1 is " X " type underground passage, builds in smooth-moving bridge for intersection ground bottom, and the right and left of four outlets of underground passage all takes the mode in ramp to interconnect with sidewalk (7), nonmotorized vehicle lane (8).
2, a kind of device of implementing the method for claim 1, left steering that triangle list annulus is close-shaped and the left back aerial steel structure bridge pavement device that turns to one, it is characterized in that: the left steering of triangle list annulus enclosed shape and the left back aerial steel structure bridge that turns to one, it is by the up gradient of steel work bridge floor and craspedodrome road (11-1), the circular arc runway (11-2) of left steering, the left back annulus runway (11-4) that turns to, the left back craspedodrome and the gug (11-5) of right turn 90 degree again of turning to behind the close-shaped runway of annulus, and craspedodrome and gug (11-3) behind the left steering 90 degree circular arc runways are formed, both sides are connected the bend of bridge pavement and last with the strip bridge pier of steel work below the craspedodrome road of bridge pavement, be connected with Reinforced Concrete Circular Cylinder shape bridge pier below the gug.
3, a kind of device of implementing the method for claim 1, the horizontal craspedodrome of equal sign shape is also crossed over vertically the keep straight on bridge of passing by on one's way on road surface of ground, it is characterized in that: the horizontal craspedodrome of equal sign shape and across vertically the keep straight on bridge runway of passing by on one's way on road surface of ground, form by the gug of the up gradient of the two-way craspedodrome of steel work, two-way parallel craspedodrome road, two-way craspedodrome, and being " bow " word shape is installed in across ground and vertically keeps straight on the road surface, the bottom of this bridge floor is a Reinforced Concrete Circular Cylinder shape bridge pier, is the motor line track of vertically keeping straight in ground between the bridge pier.
4, smooth-moving bridge for intersection according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: aerial one deck steel work lower support type is specialized in the bridge pavement runway that motor vehicles travel, and is turn back behind the semicircular arc runway of four left steerings of motor vehicles, 90 degree and left steering 180 degree annular runway of tune and the runway of laterally keeping straight on; Left steering and left back turning to below the bridge pavement runway in the motor vehicles runway of one and upper and lower sloping track are the cylindrical reinforced concrete bridge piers, and the following and both sides on bridge road surface, craspedodrome road are connected with the upper end of steel strip bridge pier; The main effect of steel strip bridge pier is: in the long narrow floor space in the motor vehicles runway next door of keeping straight on ground, carrying bridge and the dynamic load state when motor vehicles travel at full capacity above the bridge pavement under weight; The main effect of cylindrical reinforced concrete bridge pier is: be under the state in bend and ramp at bridge pavement, bearing bridge and the dynamic load state when motor vehicles travel at full capacity above the bridge under weight; The bottom of steel strip bridge pier and Reinforced Concrete Circular Cylinder shape bridge pier all is connected on the bearing platform of steel concrete, is three cylindrical reinforced concrete piles below the bearing platform; The updrift side of strip bridge pier has crash barrier; Steel work lower support type bridge can use the prefabricated units of the reinforced concrete structure of making in advance to dock installation at the construction field (site); Ground one deck is the circular arc runway of motor vehicles right turn 90 degree, and the runway of vertically keeping straight on, and is connected with steel strip bridge pier by the cylindrical reinforced concrete bridge pier between two-layer; The underground of smooth-moving bridge for intersection is that the pedestrian and non motorized vehicle vehicle uses " X " type underground passage.
5, smooth-moving bridge for intersection according to claim 1, motor vehicles can be unblocked; It is characterized in that: motor vehicles in " smooth-moving bridge for intersection " simultaneously eastwards, the concrete route that travels of south, west, north four direction is as follows:
By south orientation west, north, east, south to the motor vehicle traffic route of travelling:
Left-hand bend vehicle by the south orientation west: keeping straight on from the bridge that travels behind 90 degree of bridge left steering on (south 4) runway to (west 3) runway gets final product;
Through vehicles from south to north: keeping straight on along the road surface to (north 2) runway from (south 5) runway gets final product;
Right-hand bend vehicle by south east: turn right behind 90 degree along the road surface from (south 6) runway, enter (east 1) runway and get final product;
The vehicle of turning back by south orientation south: bridge and behind bridge pavement runway left steering 180 degree from (south 4) runway, travelling, bridge gets final product to (south 1) runway;
By east orientation south, west, north, east to the motor vehicle traffic route of travelling:
Left-hand bend vehicle by east orientation south: travelling to keep right to keep straight on behind the bridge to (south 4) runway from 90 degree of bridge left steering on (east 4) runway gets final product;
Through vehicles from east to west: keep straight on from (east 5) runway and to go up bridge to (east 4) and keep straight on and pass a bridge the back by continuing to travel and get final product to (west 2) runway;
Right-hand bend vehicle by north east: turning right from (east 6) runway along the road surface enters (north 1) runway and gets final product behind 90 degree;
The vehicle of turning back by east orientation east: bridge is behind bridge pavement runway left steering 180 degree from (east 4) runway, and travelling, bridge gets final product to (east 1) runway;
By north orientation east, south, west, the north to the motor vehicle traffic route of travelling:
Left-hand bend vehicle by north orientation east: keeping straight on from the bridge that travels behind 90 degree of bridge left steering on (north 4) runway to (east 3) runway gets final product;
Through vehicles by north orientation south: keeping straight on along the road surface to (south 2) runway from (north 5) runway gets final product;
Right-hand bend vehicle by north west: turning right from (north 6) runway along the road surface enters (west 1) runway and gets final product behind 90 degree;
The vehicle of turning back by north orientation north: bridge is behind bridge pavement runway left steering 180 degree from (north 4) runway, and travelling, bridge gets final product to (north 1) runway;
From west to east, south, west are to the motor vehicle traffic route of travelling:
By west left-hand bend vehicle northwards: walk to keep right to keep straight on behind the bridge under (north 4) runway behind bridge left steering 90 degree from (west 4) runway and get final product;
Through vehicles from west to east: keeping right after bridge is passed a bridge on from (west 5) runway craspedodrome to (west 4) runway gets final product along (east 2) runway craspedodrome;
Right-hand bend vehicle by west south: turning right along the road surface from (west 6) runway enters (south 1) runway to 90 degree and gets final product;
By the west vehicle of turning back westwards: travelling after from bridge on (west 4) runway along the left back turnback of bridge pavement runway, bridge gets final product to (west 1) runway.
6, smooth-moving bridge for intersection according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the four direction outside of smooth-moving bridge for intersection, it is the overline bridge of passing by on one's way of all the people present's steel work, specialize in the pedestrian and non motorized vehicle walking, after taking above technical scheme, can reach at cross and hand over and after crossing cancellation is red, green light directs traffic, solve the purpose of motor vehicles, the straightway walking simultaneously of a pedestrian and non motorized vehicle all directions and the problem of travelling; Building " x " type underground passage below smooth-moving bridge for intersection, is the alternative scheme that solves pedestrian and the non power driven vehicle straightway walking of all directions simultaneously and the problem of travelling.
7, left steering runway according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: when folk prescription to the motor vehicle number of turning or keeping straight on more for a long time, four motor vehicle left steering runways and two motor vehicle direct lanes of smooth-moving bridge for intersection, can be according to the needs of actual vehicle flowrate, the bridge floor that the freely-moving bridge individual event is used separately uses separately the back.
8; steel strip bridge pier according to claim 4; it is characterized in that: the bridge pier of smooth-moving bridge for intersection is the rectangle strip bridge pier of structure steel fabrication; this bridge pier can carry the weight of load on the vehicle that travels on bridge and the bridge and the vehicle; the position that can seldom take up an area of face again; this bridge pier is installed on the bearing platform of the following reinforced concrete structure of ground line; it below the bearing platform cylindrical reinforced concrete foundation pier; 0.30 meter of the ground updrift side of this bridge pier have that steel concrete is made with this bridge pier with wide crash bearer, this pier is first barrier of protection steel work rectangle strip bridge pier.
9, smooth-moving bridge for intersection according to claim 1 is characterized in that: promptly be adapted at the crossroad and use, also be adapted at T-shaped road junction and multi-direction intersection and use.
10, smooth-moving bridge for intersection according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: smooth-moving bridge for intersection, also be fit to use the steel structure concrete structure fabrication, after steel concrete is cast into prefabricated component according to design size, under the situation that the various conditions of the right-angled intersection of needs transformation all possess, carry out assembled on site and get final product.
CN200810141077A 2008-08-19 2008-08-19 Smooth-moving bridge for intersection Pending CN101654900A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102296503A (en) * 2011-05-25 2011-12-28 杨光 Improved clover leaf overpass
CN102400425A (en) * 2010-09-09 2012-04-04 张铭钧 Spiral type overpass
CN103161105A (en) * 2011-12-12 2013-06-19 洛阳丰兴机械科技有限公司 Crossroad unblocked bridge
CN103452021A (en) * 2012-05-29 2013-12-18 刘峰 Universal unblocked small overpass
CN113622232A (en) * 2021-03-03 2021-11-09 张士红 Ecological environment-friendly urban overground type traffic structure mode

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102400425A (en) * 2010-09-09 2012-04-04 张铭钧 Spiral type overpass
CN102400425B (en) * 2010-09-09 2015-06-10 张铭钧 Spiral type overpass
CN102296503A (en) * 2011-05-25 2011-12-28 杨光 Improved clover leaf overpass
CN103161105A (en) * 2011-12-12 2013-06-19 洛阳丰兴机械科技有限公司 Crossroad unblocked bridge
CN103452021A (en) * 2012-05-29 2013-12-18 刘峰 Universal unblocked small overpass
CN113622232A (en) * 2021-03-03 2021-11-09 张士红 Ecological environment-friendly urban overground type traffic structure mode

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