CN101649635A - Reclaimed water recycle system of single-span multistoried building - Google Patents

Reclaimed water recycle system of single-span multistoried building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101649635A
CN101649635A CN200910306950A CN200910306950A CN101649635A CN 101649635 A CN101649635 A CN 101649635A CN 200910306950 A CN200910306950 A CN 200910306950A CN 200910306950 A CN200910306950 A CN 200910306950A CN 101649635 A CN101649635 A CN 101649635A
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China
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water
pipe
communicated
electromagnetic valve
tank
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Granted
Application number
CN200910306950A
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CN101649635B (en
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高金良
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Harbin Institute of Technology
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Harbin Institute of Technology
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The invention discloses a reclaimed water recycle system of a single-span multistoried building, relating to a reclaimed water recycle system of a single-span multistoried building, and solving the problems of the waste of water resources and the high water fee of citizens. In the invention, a rain water storage tank is installed at a cockloft roof, an overflow tank is installed below each floor of the building; the overflow tanks of two adjacent floors of the building are communicated by a reclaimed water overflow pipe; the overflow tank of each floor of the building is communicated with a closestool water tank at the same floor of the building by one reclaimed water intake pipe; a bathing water tank, a cloth washing water tank and a wash basin of each floor of the building except the ground floor are communicated with the overflow tank of the lower floor of the building by one reclaimed water intake pipe; each reclaimed water intake pipe is communicated with a reclaimed water main byone reclaimed water drain pipe; the overflow tank at the cockloft and the rain water storage pipe are communicated through a rain water flowing pipe; and the rain water flowing pipe and a waste waterpipe are communicated by a rain water drain pipe. The reclaimed water recycle system is widely applied to various single-span multistoried buildings, reduces the water consumption and the water fee of the citizens; furthermore, the invention has greater economic benefit and social benefit.

Description

The middle water recycling system of single tier building
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of middle water recycling system of single tier building, specifically rainwater, bathing, laundry and washing water etc. can be recovered in the storage tank, in the system that need not to realize under the prerequisite that power consumption promotes water level successively to recycle.
Background technology
As everyone knows, China is the country that a water resource lacks, along with industrialized development and urbanization paces quicken, the situation of water supply gets appears in present many big and medium-sized cities, therefore, if the bathing, laundry and the washing water (above two kinds of water abbreviate middle water as) that produce in rainwater and the resident living process scientifically can be collected and utilization again, a kind of good method of benefiting the nation and the people of can yet be regarded as.The middle water that produces in the resident living mainly is bathing, laundry, the washing water of discharging with the back by in each floor.To single tier building, such as residential building, office building, student dormitory, staff quarters etc., what water supply volume was maximum at ordinary times is flushing supply, and through quantitative statistics, generally, flushing supply accounts for 60%~80% of total water consumption.Therefore, Jiang Zhongshui is used to flush the toilet, and water-saving result is the most obvious.Relatively advanced in the world at present industrial state, as Japan, the U.S., Germany, these governments all actively advocate and encourage Waste water utilization, and provide preferential policy economically to the unit of water in utilizing again." State Standard of the People's Republic of China grabs the architectural intermediate water design specifications " of China also clearly proposed to encourage to make full use of middle water and other available water source of taking from the building generation.But do not consider rainwater and daily life sewage jointly in the prior art, do not have corresponding simple and effective technological means to reach the purpose of conserve water resource and minimizing resident's water rate yet as utilizing water resource again.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is in order to solve water resource waste and the high problem of resident's water rate, and then a kind of middle water recycling system of single tier building is provided.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: the middle water recycling system of single tier building comprises the rainwater storage tank, the rain-water drainage pipe, the rainwater flowing pipe, a plurality of urinal jet water spouts, water bleed off pipe in a plurality of, a plurality of overflow tanks, middle supply mains, water water inlet pipe in a plurality of, water gutter in a plurality of, first electromagnetic valve, second electromagnetic valve, the 3rd electromagnetic valve, a plurality of the 4th electromagnetic valves, a plurality of the 5th electromagnetic valves and a plurality of the 6th electromagnetic valve, the supply mains is through single tier building in described, described rainwater storage tank is installed on the attic roof, an overflow tank is installed under the ceiling of every floor, the overflow tank in adjacent two layers building is communicated with by middle water bleed off pipe, the overflow tank of ground floor is communicated with middle supply mains by middle water bleed off pipe, the overflow tank of every floor is communicated with Water tank for urinal with floor by the urinal jet water spout, one the 6th electromagnetic valve is installed on each urinal jet water spout, the bathing of ground floor, laundry, the washing millpond is communicated with middle water bleed off pipe by a middle water water inlet pipe, the bathing of the every floor except that ground floor, laundry, the washing millpond is communicated with by the overflow tank of a middle water water inlet pipe with time floor, the water water inlet pipe is communicated with middle supply mains by a middle water gutter in each, one the 4th electromagnetic valve is installed on the water gutter in each, one the 5th electromagnetic valve is installed on the water water inlet pipe in each, the overflow tank of described attic is communicated with by the rainwater flowing pipe with the rainwater storage tank, be communicated with by the rain-water drainage pipe between described rainwater flowing pipe and the waste water pipe, on the described rain-water drainage pipe second electromagnetic valve is installed, first electromagnetic valve and the 3rd electromagnetic valve are installed on the described rainwater flowing pipe, and first electromagnetic valve and the 3rd electromagnetic valve are positioned at the both sides of rain-water drainage pipe.
The present invention compared with prior art has following beneficial effect: the present invention is reclaimed and is utilized system again by the overflow tank of the waste water after the bathing of collecting rainwater and next level, laundry, the washing and a middle water constituting with the supporting various pipelines of overflow tank, electromagnetic valve.The present invention is widely used in single buildings such as residential building, office building, student dormitory, has saved water significantly, reduced resident's water rate, and the present invention has bigger economic benefit and social benefit.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention, and Fig. 2 is the installation site graph of a relation (arrow among the figure is a water (flow) direction) that overflow tank of the present invention, middle water bleed off pipe, middle water water inlet pipe, urinal jet water spout, blow-off pipe, tap water filling pipe and electrode are surveyed water level device.
The specific embodiment
The specific embodiment one: present embodiment is described in conjunction with Fig. 1, the middle water recycling system of single tier building of present embodiment comprises rainwater storage tank 8, rain-water drainage pipe 25, rainwater flowing pipe 5, a plurality of urinal jet water spouts 2, water bleed off pipe 7 in a plurality of, a plurality of overflow tanks 9, water water inlet pipe 26 in a plurality of, water gutter 27 in a plurality of, first electromagnetic valve 19, second electromagnetic valve 20, the 3rd electromagnetic valve 21, a plurality of the 4th electromagnetic valves 17, a plurality of the 5th electromagnetic valves 18, a plurality of the 6th electromagnetic valves 22, middle supply mains 14, waste water pipe 15, Water tank for urinal 10 and bathing, laundry, washing millpond 11, supply mains 14 is through single tier building in described, described rainwater storage tank 8 is installed on the attic roof, an overflow tank 9 is installed under the ceiling of every floor, the overflow tank 9 in adjacent two layers building is communicated with by middle water bleed off pipe 7, the overflow tank 9 of ground floor is communicated with middle supply mains 14 by middle water bleed off pipe 7, the overflow tank 9 of every floor is communicated with Water tank for urinal 10 with floor by urinal jet water spout 2, one the 6th electromagnetic valve 22 is installed on each urinal jet water spout 2, the bathing of ground floor, laundry, washing millpond 11 is communicated with middle water bleed off pipe 7 by a middle water water inlet pipe 26, the bathing of the every floor except that ground floor, laundry, washing millpond 11 is communicated with by the overflow tank 9 of a middle water water inlet pipe 26 with time floor, water water inlet pipe 26 is communicated with middle supply mains 14 by a middle water gutter 27 in each, one the 4th electromagnetic valve 17 is installed on the water gutter 27 in each, one the 5th electromagnetic valve 18 is installed on the water water inlet pipe 26 in each, the overflow tank 9 of described attic is communicated with by rainwater flowing pipe 5 with rainwater storage tank 8, be communicated with by rain-water drainage pipe 25 between described rainwater flowing pipe 5 and the waste water pipe 15, second electromagnetic valve 20 is installed on the described rain-water drainage pipe 25, first electromagnetic valve 19 and the 3rd electromagnetic valve 21 are installed on the described rainwater flowing pipe 5, and first electromagnetic valve 19 and the 3rd electromagnetic valve 21 are positioned at the both sides of rain-water drainage pipe 25.
The specific embodiment two: in conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 present embodiment is described, the overflow tank 9 of present embodiment is the casing of sealing.So be provided with, prevent to overflow because of water generates bad smell in the long period storage sometimes.Other composition is identical with the specific embodiment one with annexation.
The specific embodiment three: in conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 present embodiment is described, the bottom of the overflow tank 9 of present embodiment is taper.So be provided with, accelerate flow rate of fluid, favourable sedimentary compiling effluxes.Other composition is identical with the specific embodiment two with annexation.
The specific embodiment four: present embodiment is described in conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the middle water recycling system of present embodiment also increases a plurality of blow-off pipes 1 and a plurality of manually-operated gate 28, the bottom of each overflow tank 9 is communicated with waste water pipe 15 by a blow-off pipe 1, and a manually-operated gate 28 is installed on each blow-off pipe 1.So be provided with, be convenient to the user and regularly get rid of sediment in the overflow tank 9.Other composition is identical with the specific embodiment one, two or three with annexation.
The specific embodiment five: in conjunction with Fig. 1 present embodiment is described, the middle water recycling system of present embodiment also increases rainwater storage tank bleed off pipe 12, and described rainwater storage tank bleed off pipe 12 is installed on the rainwater storage tank 8 and with rainwater storage tank 8 and is communicated with.So be provided with, when the excessive rainfall in the rainwater storage tank 8, rainwater can overflow directly from rainwater storage tank bleed off pipe 12 is discharged by leader pipe by the roof drain of attic.Other composition is identical with the specific embodiment four with annexation.
The specific embodiment six: present embodiment is described in conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the middle water recycling system of present embodiment also increases a plurality of tap water filling pipes 3 and a plurality of float valve 4, a float valve 4 is installed on each overflow tank 9, one end of described tap water filling pipe 3 and overflow tank 9 connections and installation site and float valve 4 are corresponding, and two 1 ends of described tap water filling pipe 3 are communicated with water main 16.So be provided with, adopted middle water and tap water sequential combined method make in water reclaim and utilize system more extensively, rationally again, thereby reach the water saving purpose of benefiting the nation and the people.Other composition is identical with the specific embodiment one, two, three or five with annexation.
The specific embodiment seven: present embodiment is described in conjunction with Fig. 1, the middle water recycling system of present embodiment also increases a plurality of distribution pipes 13 and a plurality of the 7th electromagnetic valve 23, one end of each distribution pipe 13 and tap water filling pipe 3 UNICOMs, the other end of each distribution pipe 13 is communicated with Water tank for urinal 10, and one the 7th electromagnetic valve 23 is installed on each distribution pipe 13.So be provided with, adopted middle water and tap water sequential combined method make in water reclaim and utilize system more extensively, rationally again, thereby reach the water saving purpose of benefiting the nation and the people.Other composition is identical with the specific embodiment six with annexation.
The specific embodiment eight: in conjunction with Fig. 2 present embodiment is described, the middle water recycling system of present embodiment also increases has a plurality of electrodes to survey water level devices 6, and each electrode is surveyed water level device and is installed on the inwall of overflow tank 9.Described electrode is surveyed water level device 6 and is produced by Wuxi Xing Zhou instrument and meter Co., Ltd.So be provided with, be convenient to control water level.Other composition is identical with the specific embodiment one, two, three, five or seven with annexation.
The course of work following (referring to Fig. 1) of water recycling system in of the present invention:
If water is arranged in the rainwater storage tank 8 then first electromagnetic valve 19 is in opening state all the time, be ready at all times downward water supply.When raining, rainwater injects rainwater storage tank 8, judges at first whether water was arranged in the rainwater storage tank 8 originally, if originally water was arranged, there is no need to carry out initial Split-flow; If anhydrous originally, then circuit is controlled the first five minute and is opened second electromagnetic valve 20, and rainwater is discharged outside the building through waste water pipe 15, wouldn't close second electromagnetic valve 20 after five minutes for following overflow tank 9 supplies water in these five minutes.
When raining, if overflow tank 9 is not filled with, open the 3rd electromagnetic valve 21 menarche of then behind the abandoned stream earlier, fill all overflow tanks 9 up to rainwater from top to bottom by middle water bleed off pipe 7, close the 3rd electromagnetic valve 21, unnecessary rainwater is carried out a certain amount of storage, when 8 storages of rainwater storage tank are full, unnecessary rainwater overflows by rainwater storage tank bleed off pipe 12, is directly discharged by leader pipe by the roof drain of attic.
If in the rainwater storage tank 8 water is arranged, then overflow tank 9 rejections are from the middle water on upper strata, promptly the 5th electromagnetic valve 18 is in closed condition, the 4th electromagnetic valve 17 is in opening state, detects the water level signal of each overflow tank 9 simultaneously, in case each layer overflow tank 9 has when being lower than certain predetermined water level, controlling the 3rd electromagnetic valve 21 opens, rainwater storage tank 8 supplies water to following overflow tank 9, in the overflow tank 9 water is arranged, and the amount of the reserve water of promptly flushing the toilet satisfies.When overflow tank 9 is full up, provides signal at stop the 3rd electromagnetic valve 21 and rainwater storage tank 8 is suspended downwards supply water.
When in the rainwater storage tank 8 by there being water to become when anhydrous, the 3rd electromagnetic valve 21 cuts out (closed type), and first electromagnetic valve 19 is still kept and was opened for ten seconds, while opens second electromagnetic valve 20 and kept for ten seconds when obtaining anhydrous signal, purpose is to discharge residual water in the raintank, prevent that circuit from providing rainwater storage tank 8 by the anhydrous signal that water is arranged that becomes, and makes many electromagnetic valve misoperations.
When rainwater storage tank 8 was anhydrous, overflow tank 9 just received the middle water from the upper strata, and this moment, the 4th electromagnetic valve 17 cut out, the 5th electromagnetic valve 18 by grid filtration to 9 water inlets of lower floor's overflow tank.
When needs are flushed the toilet, the user only need click button, and then control circuit is opened the 6th electromagnetic valve 22 earlier, and purpose is to make the water in the overflow tank 9 flow to Water tank for urinal 10 by urinal jet water spout 2, open the 7th electromagnetic valve 23 on the distribution pipe 13 again, 8: 2 sequential of water and tap water combination in the realization.The bath circuit can be realized washing by water and adjust total time, and middle water and tap water ratio can be adjusted according to user's needs.
If the water level that overflow tank is 9 li is lower than certain minimum value, for example all lavatories of same floor are simultaneously during flushing toilet bowl, float valve 4 is opened, tap water is entered in the tap water filling pipe 3 by water main 16, and then enter in the overflow tank 9, until reaching lowest water level, to guarantee that overflow tank 9 all has water to use at any time.
The precipitation dirt of accumulation can be opened the manually-operated gate 28 of blow-off pipe 1 termly in the overflow tank 9, is got rid of by waste water pipe 15.
Whole middle water reclaims and utilizes all available automatic control circuit of system to realize that the design of its circuit can design voluntarily according to above-mentioned working programme again.

Claims (8)

1. the middle water recycling system of a single tier building, it comprises rainwater storage tank (8), rain-water drainage pipe (25), rainwater flowing pipe (5), a plurality of urinal jet water spouts (2), water bleed off pipe (7) in a plurality of, a plurality of overflow tanks (9), middle supply mains (14), water water inlet pipe (26) in a plurality of, water gutter (27) in a plurality of, first electromagnetic valve (19), second electromagnetic valve (20), the 3rd electromagnetic valve (21), a plurality of the 4th electromagnetic valves (17), a plurality of the 5th electromagnetic valves (18) and a plurality of the 6th electromagnetic valve (22), it is characterized in that: supply mains (14) is through single tier building in described, described rainwater storage tank (8) is installed on the attic roof, an overflow tank (9) is installed under the ceiling of every floor, the overflow tank in adjacent two layers building (9) is communicated with by middle water bleed off pipe (7), the overflow tank of ground floor (9) is communicated with middle supply mains (14) by middle water bleed off pipe (7), the overflow tank of every floor (9) is communicated with Water tank for urinal (10) with floor by urinal jet water spout (2), on each urinal jet water spout (2) one the 6th electromagnetic valve (22) is installed, the bathing of ground floor, laundry, washing millpond (11) is communicated with middle water bleed off pipe (7) by a middle water water inlet pipe (26), the bathing of the every floor except that ground floor, laundry, washing millpond (11) is communicated with by the overflow tank (9) of a middle water water inlet pipe (26) with time floor, water water inlet pipe (26) is communicated with middle supply mains (14) by a middle water gutter (27) in each, one the 4th electromagnetic valve (17) is installed on the water gutter (27) in each, one the 5th electromagnetic valve (18) is installed on the water water inlet pipe (26) in each, the overflow tank of described attic (9) is communicated with by rainwater flowing pipe (5) with rainwater storage tank (8), be communicated with by rain-water drainage pipe (25) between described rainwater flowing pipe (5) and the waste water pipe (15), second electromagnetic valve (20) is installed on the described rain-water drainage pipe (25), first electromagnetic valve (19) and the 3rd electromagnetic valve (21) are installed on the described rainwater flowing pipe (5), and first electromagnetic valve (19) and the 3rd electromagnetic valve (21) are positioned at the both sides of rain-water drainage pipe (25).
2. according to the middle water recycling system of described single the tier building of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described overflow tank (9) is the casing of sealing.
3. according to the middle water recycling system of described single the tier building of claim 2, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described overflow tank (9) is taper.
4. according to the middle water recycling system of claim 1,2 or 3 described single tier buildings, it is characterized in that: water recycling system also comprises a plurality of blow-off pipes (1) and a plurality of manually-operated gate (28) in described, the bottom of each overflow tank (9) is communicated with waste water pipe (15) by a blow-off pipe (1), and a manually-operated gate (28) is installed on each blow-off pipe (1).
5. according to the middle water recycling system of described single the tier building of claim 4, it is characterized in that: water recycling system also comprises rainwater storage tank bleed off pipe (12) in described, and described rainwater storage tank bleed off pipe (12) is installed in rainwater storage tank (8) and upward and with rainwater storage tank (8) is communicated with.
6. according to the middle water recycling system of claim 1,2,3 or 5 described single tier buildings, it is characterized in that: water recycling system also comprises a plurality of tap water filling pipes (3) and a plurality of float valve (4) in described, a float valve (4) is installed on each overflow tank (9), one end of described tap water filling pipe (3) and overflow tank (9) connection and installation site and float valve (4) are corresponding, and two 1 ends of described tap water filling pipe (3) are communicated with water main (16).
7. according to the middle water recycling system of described single the tier building of claim 1, it is characterized in that: water recycling system also comprises a plurality of distribution pipes (13) and a plurality of the 7th electromagnetic valve (23) in described, one end of each distribution pipe (13) and tap water filling pipe (3) UNICOM, the other end of each distribution pipe (13) is communicated with Water tank for urinal (10), and one the 7th electromagnetic valve (23) is installed on each distribution pipe (13).
8. according to the middle water recycling system of claim 1,2,3,5 or 7 described single tier buildings, it is characterized in that: water recycling system also comprises a plurality of electrodes survey water level devices (6) in described, and each electrode is surveyed water level device and is installed on the inwall of overflow tank (9).
CN2009103069506A 2009-09-14 2009-09-14 Reclaimed water recycle system of single-span multistoried building Expired - Fee Related CN101649635B (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101852517A (en) * 2010-06-22 2010-10-06 哈尔滨工业大学 Reclaimed water heat energy recycling and reusing integrated equipment suitable for villa buildings
CN102330457A (en) * 2011-07-21 2012-01-25 重庆大学 Water-saving type toilet water-flushing system and floor water system thereof
ES2403128A1 (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-05-14 María CANDIL PÉREZ System for using water from rainfall for creating permanent or seasonal water sources or watering points
CN104264747A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-01-07 北京安国水道自控工程技术有限公司 Same layer reclaimed water recycling pipe network unit and reclaimed water pipe network system therein
CN104775481A (en) * 2015-02-26 2015-07-15 天津市职业大学 Reclaimed water self-circulating system for residential quarter with buildings
CN105350602A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-24 牛占华 Domestic wastewater regeneration treatment system
CN105756142A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-07-13 张桂军 Secondary water double-flow and three-way self-cleaning toilet flushing system without pump, noise and space occupation for building
CN105887994A (en) * 2015-01-14 2016-08-24 叶昌阳 Method and device capable of realizing diversion automatic detection and cyclic utilization of sanitary wastewater
CN111335398A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-06-26 徐州工业职业技术学院 Secondary utilization device for domestic water and rainwater
CN113323079A (en) * 2021-05-31 2021-08-31 水利部牧区水利科学研究所 High-quality miscellaneous drainage treatment recycling device for residential area

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101852517A (en) * 2010-06-22 2010-10-06 哈尔滨工业大学 Reclaimed water heat energy recycling and reusing integrated equipment suitable for villa buildings
CN102330457A (en) * 2011-07-21 2012-01-25 重庆大学 Water-saving type toilet water-flushing system and floor water system thereof
CN102330457B (en) * 2011-07-21 2014-04-09 重庆大学 Water-saving type toilet water-flushing system and floor water system thereof
ES2403128A1 (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-05-14 María CANDIL PÉREZ System for using water from rainfall for creating permanent or seasonal water sources or watering points
WO2014072559A1 (en) * 2012-11-07 2014-05-15 Candil Perez, Maria System for using water from rainfall for creating permanent or seasonal water sources or watering points
CN104264747A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-01-07 北京安国水道自控工程技术有限公司 Same layer reclaimed water recycling pipe network unit and reclaimed water pipe network system therein
CN105887994A (en) * 2015-01-14 2016-08-24 叶昌阳 Method and device capable of realizing diversion automatic detection and cyclic utilization of sanitary wastewater
CN104775481A (en) * 2015-02-26 2015-07-15 天津市职业大学 Reclaimed water self-circulating system for residential quarter with buildings
CN105350602A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-24 牛占华 Domestic wastewater regeneration treatment system
CN105756142A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-07-13 张桂军 Secondary water double-flow and three-way self-cleaning toilet flushing system without pump, noise and space occupation for building
CN105756142B (en) * 2016-02-24 2019-06-25 张桂军 A kind of double-current self-cleaning flushing system in three tunnels of building secondary water
CN111335398A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-06-26 徐州工业职业技术学院 Secondary utilization device for domestic water and rainwater
CN113323079A (en) * 2021-05-31 2021-08-31 水利部牧区水利科学研究所 High-quality miscellaneous drainage treatment recycling device for residential area

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