CN101642728A - System and method for pulverizing and extracting moisture - Google Patents

System and method for pulverizing and extracting moisture Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101642728A
CN101642728A CN 200910137492 CN200910137492A CN101642728A CN 101642728 A CN101642728 A CN 101642728A CN 200910137492 CN200910137492 CN 200910137492 CN 200910137492 A CN200910137492 A CN 200910137492A CN 101642728 A CN101642728 A CN 101642728A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
described
balancer
material
flow generator
flow
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200910137492
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
W·格雷厄姆
L·纽
W·A·凯斯
Original Assignee
W·格雷厄姆
L·纽
W·A·凯斯
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB0406494.5 priority Critical
Priority to GB0406494A priority patent/GB0406494D0/en
Application filed by W·格雷厄姆, L·纽, W·A·凯斯 filed Critical W·格雷厄姆
Publication of CN101642728A publication Critical patent/CN101642728A/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/06Jet mills
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/18Use of auxiliary physical effects, e.g. ultrasonics, irradiation, for disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/04Safety devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C25/00Control arrangements specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D29/00Details, component parts, or accessories
    • F04D29/26Rotors specially for elastic fluids
    • F04D29/28Rotors specially for elastic fluids for centrifugal or helico-centrifugal pumps for radial-flow or helico-centrifugal pumps
    • F04D29/281Rotors specially for elastic fluids for centrifugal or helico-centrifugal pumps for radial-flow or helico-centrifugal pumps for fans or blowers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D29/00Details, component parts, or accessories
    • F04D29/66Combating cavitation, whirls, noise, vibration or the like; Balancing
    • F04D29/661Combating cavitation, whirls, noise, vibration or the like; Balancing especially adapted for elastic fluid pumps
    • F04D29/662Balancing of rotors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B17/00Machines or apparatus for drying materials in loose, plastic, or fluidised form, e.g. granules, staple fibres, with progressive movement
    • F26B17/10Machines or apparatus for drying materials in loose, plastic, or fluidised form, e.g. granules, staple fibres, with progressive movement with movement performed by fluid currents, e.g. issuing from a nozzle, e.g. pneumatic, flash, vortex or entrainment dryers
    • F26B17/101Machines or apparatus for drying materials in loose, plastic, or fluidised form, e.g. granules, staple fibres, with progressive movement with movement performed by fluid currents, e.g. issuing from a nozzle, e.g. pneumatic, flash, vortex or entrainment dryers the drying enclosure having the shape of one or a plurality of shafts or ducts, e.g. with substantially straight and vertical axis
    • F26B17/103Machines or apparatus for drying materials in loose, plastic, or fluidised form, e.g. granules, staple fibres, with progressive movement with movement performed by fluid currents, e.g. issuing from a nozzle, e.g. pneumatic, flash, vortex or entrainment dryers the drying enclosure having the shape of one or a plurality of shafts or ducts, e.g. with substantially straight and vertical axis with specific material feeding arrangements, e.g. combined with disintegrating means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/06Controlling, e.g. regulating, parameters of gas supply
    • F26B21/12Velocity of flow; Quantity of flow, e.g. by varying fan speed, by modifying cross flow area

Abstract

A venturi receives incoming material through an inlet tube and subjects the material to pulverization. The material, as it undergoes pulverization, is further subject to moisture extraction and drying. An airflow generator, coupled to the venturi, generates a high speed airflow to pull the material through the venturi and into an inlet aperture in the airflow generator. The airflow generator directs the received pulverized material to an outlet where the material may be subsequently separated from the air. An acoustic emission sensor receives the resonant frequencies generated by material passing through the airflow generator. The resonant frequencies reflect a material flow rate that is adjusted to avoid an overload situation. An automatic system coupled to an axle rotating the airflow generator to provide balance, improve efficiency, and eliminate cavitation.

Description

Be used to the system and method pulverizing and dehumidify

The application is that application number is 200580009398.4, the applying date is on January 20th, 2005, denomination of invention is divided an application for the patent application of " be used to pulverize and dehumidify system and method ".

Technical field

The present invention relates to be used to handle the technology of material to pulverize and to dehumidify.

Background technology

A lot of industry requirement able-bodied laborer operations reduce materials to granule even fine powder.For example, power industry requires before entering the burning of generating stove coal to be powder from the piece pulverizing.Lime stone, chalk and many other mineral for most application, also must be broken into the form of powder.Comminuted solids is a technical process of mechanically requiring great effort with wearing into powder.Ball mill, beater grinder and other frame for movement bump and pulverizing bulk material.Although there is function in these systems, efficient is low and slow relatively in processing.

A lot of industries also require to dehumidify from large-scale material.Food processing, sewage waste disposal, crops harvesting, mining and many other industry requirement dehumidifying.In some industries, because dehumidifying can not be finished effectively, material is dropped.The material that these are same, if can be dry effectively, commercial interest can be provided in addition.In other industry, for example Waste disposal and processing, dehydration are that the current thing of paying close attention to and the utmost point need improved method.Although existing several technology that are used to make material dehydration still have cumulative demand for improving dehumidification rate.

Therefore, the more effective technology that is provided for comminution of material and dehumidifies from material will be a progress in the present technique.Open and claimed such technology at this.

Summary of the invention

The invention provides and a kind ofly be used for comminution of material and, comprise: an inlet tube from the device that material dehumidifies; One Venturi tube is connected to described inlet tube; One flow generator produces an air-flow and comprises an input hole; One, be connected to described flow generator; One balancer is connected to described axle and compensates the imbalance of run duration in described axle; An and shell, surround described flow generator at least in part and comprise an outlet that is communicated with described input hole, described flow generator is communicated with to come steering current to pass through described Venturi tube with described Venturi tube and towards described input hole, and the material that wherein is introduced into described air-flow is by described Venturi tube and stand to pulverize and dehumidifying.

The present invention also provides a kind of and is used for comminution of material and from the method that material dehumidifies, comprises: a flow generator that is communicated with a Venturi tube is provided; Provide one that is connected to described flow generator; One balancer is connected to described axle; The imbalance of described balancer compensation during described axle rotates; Described flow generator produces by described Venturi tube and towards an air-flow of described flow generator; Guide described material to enter described air-flow; And transmit described material and dehumidify through described Venturi tube and pulverize described material.

Description of drawings

Implement of the present invention more specific description with reference to the accompanying drawings to above concise and to the point description.Understanding these accompanying drawings only provides and therefore should not think its scope that is confined to about the information of exemplary embodiments of the present invention, and the present invention will describe with additional feature and details and explains by using accompanying drawing, wherein:

Fig. 1 is the side view that shows an embodiment of a crushing system of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the vertical view that shows the crushing system of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is the cross sectional side view that shows the Venturi tube when a Venturi tube of a crushing system receives material;

Fig. 4 is the side view that shows another embodiment of a crushing system of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the vertical view that shows the crushing system of Fig. 4;

Fig. 6 is the stereogram that shows an air generator shell and outlet current limiter;

Fig. 7 is the profile of an embodiment of an air generator shell;

Fig. 8 is the profile of a Venturi tube and throat's finishing die;

Fig. 9 is the structure chart of assembly that shows another embodiment of a crushing system;

Figure 10 is the structure chart that shows another embodiment of a crushing system of the present invention;

Figure 11 is the stereogram of an embodiment that is suitable for a flow generator of a system of the present invention;

Figure 12 is the profile of a part of the flow generator of Figure 11;

Figure 13 is the vertical view of an interior section of the flow generator of Figure 11;

Figure 14 A is the vertical view of a lagging edge of a blade of the flow generator of Figure 11;

Figure 14 B is the vertical view of another embodiment of a lagging edge of a blade of the flow generator of Figure 11;

Figure 15 A is the stereogram of a part of the flow generator of Figure 11;

Figure 15 B is the stereogram of a part of another embodiment of the flow generator of Figure 11;

Figure 16 be Figure 11 flow generator a blade side view;

Figure 17 be Figure 16 blade profile;

Figure 18 is the stereogram of a part of the flow generator of Figure 11;

Figure 19 is the side view of another embodiment of a crushing system of the present invention;

Figure 20 is the side view that shows another embodiment of a crushing system of the present invention;

Figure 21 is the side view that shows another embodiment of a crushing system of the present invention;

Figure 22 is the profile of another embodiment of a flow generator shell;

Figure 23 is the stereogram of an embodiment of a shell, axle and balancer;

Figure 24 A is the view that shows with respect to a position of a uneven compensation pouring weight of putting;

Figure 24 B is another view that shows with respect to a position of a uneven compensation pouring weight of putting;

Figure 25 A is another view that shows with respect to a position of a uneven compensation pouring weight of putting;

Figure 25 B is another view that shows with respect to a position of a uneven compensation pouring weight of putting;

Figure 26 A is the stereogram with respect to a balancer of a gyrating mass piece;

Figure 26 B is another stereogram with respect to a balancer of a gyrating mass piece;

Figure 27 is the profile that is arranged at an embodiment of the internal balancer in;

Figure 28 is the profile of an embodiment of the compensation pouring weight in the internal balancer of Figure 27;

Figure 29 is the stereogram of an embodiment of an annular flat weighing apparatus; And

Figure 30 is the profile of an embodiment of the compensation pouring weight in the annular flat weighing apparatus of Figure 29.

The specific embodiment

Referring to Fig. 1 and 2, shown to comprise that one of an inlet tube 12 is used to the system 10 that pulverizes and dehumidify.Inlet tube 12 comprises one first end 14 that links to each other with free space and a second opposed end 16 that is connected to a Venturi tube.Although mentioned pipe and pipe at this, those of ordinary skill in the art can be appreciated that all such elements can have circular, rectangle, hexagonal and other cross sectional shape.Usually, require circular cross section to be beneficial to make and operation, but the present invention is not limited to this concrete enforcement.

Inlet tube 12 provides certain distance for Venturi tube 18, and material can accelerate to the speed that needs in this distance.Can place a filter (not shown) covers first end 14 and prevents external particle drawing-in system 10.Inlet tube 12 also comprises an elongate opening 20 at an upper portion thereof, allows to be connected with the lower end of the opening of a funnel 22.Funnel 22 24 openings in the top receives material.In another embodiment, system 10 does not comprise a funnel 22, but by multiple known conventional method material is inserted in the elongate opening 20 simply.

Venturi tube 18 comprises a contraction section 26 that is connected to inlet tube 12.This contraction section 26 is reduced to a diameter less than inlet tube 12 gradually from the diameter of inlet tube 12.Venturi tube 18 also comprises a throat 28, and this throat 28 keeps a fixing diameter, and this diameter is less than the diameter of inlet tube 12.Venturi tube 18 also comprises a divergent portion 30, and this divergent portion 30 is connected to throat 28 and increases diameter gradually along airflow direction.Divergent portion 30 can be connected to throat 28 by casting, screw thread or by other known method.As shown in the figure, contraction section 26 can be longer than divergent portion 30 on longitudinal length.

Venturi tube 18 is connected with a flow generator 32 that produces an air-flow, and this air-flow passes through inlet tubes 12, process Venturi tube 18, flow to flow generator 32 from first end 14.The speed of the air-flow that produces can be from 350mph to the supersonic speed.Air velocity in Venturi tube 18 can be bigger than the air velocity in inlet tube 12.Flow generator 32 can be specifically embodied as the mixed structure, a pneumatic suction system of a fan, impeller, turbine, a turbine and fan or other is used to produce the proper device of a high velocity air.

Flow generator 32 is driven by a drive motor 34.The known method of drive motor 34 usefulness is connected to one 33.Axle 33 engages flow generator 32 so that the power of rotation to be provided.The horsepower of drive motor can change significantly, and for example from 15hp to 1000hp, this depends on material, material flowing velocity and the flow generator size of processing.Therefore, this scope is just to illustrative purposes, and system 10 can be enlarged or dwindle in proportion.One large-scale system 10 can be used in the municipal waste treatment facility, and a small-scale system 10 is made the sewage refuse that is used for handling on the foreign-going ship.

Flow generator 32 comprises a plurality of blades that radially extend, and this blade rotates and produces a high velocity air.Flow generator 32 is arranged in the shell 35, and this shell 35 comprises that one provides the housing outlet 36 that enters air outlet slit.Shell 35 is connected to Venturi tube 18 and has a shell input hole (not shown), the connection between the inside of this shell input hole permission Venturi tube 18 and shell 35.Blade defines the flow channel that radially extends, and air leads to its housing outlet 36 on every side by this flow channel, allows pulverized material to discharge.An embodiment who is applicable to a flow generator 32 of the present invention can discuss in more detail referring to Figure 11-18 hereinafter.

Referring to Fig. 3, a view has shown the operation of Venturi tube 18 during a pulverization.Be in operation, material 38 is introduced into inlet tube 12 by many transportation resources.Material 38 can be solid or semisolid.Flow generator 32 has produced one and has flowed to ultrasonic air from 350mph, and this air flow is by inlet tube 12 with by Venturi tube 18.In Venturi tube 18, air velocity is quickened fully.Material 38 is advanced into Venturi tube 18 by high velocity air.The diameter of material 38 is less than the inside diameter of inlet tube 12, has a slit between the inner surface of inlet tube 12 and material 38.

When material 38 entered contraction section 26, it is narrower that the slit becomes, and final material 38 will cause reducing greatly of zone that air can be by the contraction section 26 that flows.Compression shock ripple 40 is trailed in the material back again and again, and a first shock wave 42 forms in material 38 fronts.At contraction section 26 and throat's 28 joints, have one and stay shock wave 44.The action of these shock waves 40,42,44 has been clashed into material 38 and has been caused pulverizing and dehumidifying from material.Pulverized material 45 continues by Venturi tube 18 and enters flow generator 32.

The size that reduces to depend on pulverized material and system 10 of scantling.By increasing air velocity, pulverize and particle size reduce in some material, strengthen.Therefore, system 10 allows the user to change required particle size by changing air velocity.

System 10 is applied to the comminuted solids material especially to be become in the fine dust.System 10 also is applied to dehumidify from the semisolid material of the refuse that produces such as municipal waste, paper mud, animal, puree or the like.System 10 can be used in the commercial and industrial application of broad range.

Referring to Figure 4 and 5, shown another embodiment of a system 100 of the present invention, be used for dehumidifying from material.System 100 can comprise a mixer 102, is used at the pretreatment stage composite material.Raw material can comprise the polymer that tends to material is combined into particle.These particles can be oversize, and can hinder the required powder form that is broken into owing to polymer.

When introducing polymer with the accumulated waste composition granule during sewage disposal, the existence of polymer is typically municipal waste.Handling refuse on a belt press, to cause material to become most of semisolid.In some were handled, material can be about solid of 15% to 20% and remaining moisture.

At pretreatment stage, a dry reinforcing agent is mixed to come the particle of broken polymer and material with raw material.Non-polymeric product can be can't help mixer and be handled.Raw material are introduced mixer 102, the dry reinforcing agent composite material of the amount that these mixer 102 usefulness one are determined.Dry reinforcing agent can be selected from large-scale reinforcing agent, for example attapulgite, coal, lime and analog thereof.Dry reinforcing agent also can be raw-material one that pulverize and form drying.The dry reinforcing agent composite material of mixer 102 usefulness produces suitable water content and granular size.

Raw material use and to comprise that in the many methods that adopt a conveying arrangement 104 any one comes to be sent to funnel 22 from mixer 102, for example band conveyer, conveyer-screw, extruder or other tracker action.In an illustrated embodiment, conveying arrangement 104 is tracks that tilt, and relies on gravity that raw material are sent to funnel 22.Conveying arrangement 104 is arranged at the below of a flow control valve 106 of the bottom that is positioned at mixer 102.

In another embodiment, can omit funnel 22, material directly is sent to the elongate opening 20 of inlet tube 12.Funnel 22 only is one can be used for promoting that material is sent to the device of inlet tube 12.Any amount of other types of conveyance devices and manual transmission all can be used.

One or more sensors 108 can be monitored material through the flowing velocity of mixer 102 to inlet tube 12 of associating.One sensor 108 is communicated with central processing unit 110 controls flowing velocity.Sensor 108 can be arranged at contiguous conveying arrangement 104, contiguous funnel 22, in funnel 22 or even between funnel 22 and elongate opening 20, monitor the material flowing velocity.Central processing unit 110 is communicated with to increase or to reduce flowing velocity as required with flow control valve 106.Also can adopt other methods that are used to monitor and control flowing velocity, comprise visual inspection and manually adjust flow control valve 106.

Funnel 22 receives material and transmits the elongate opening 20 of material to inlet tube 12.Elongate opening 20 can be equal to or less than 4 " wide and 5 " long acceptable feed rate that is used for some application of keeping.From elongate opening 20 to Venturi tube the length of 18 inlet tube 12 can be from 4 " (610mm) to 72 " (1830mm) or longer, and depend on material to be processed and flowing velocity.Those of ordinary skill in the art can be appreciated that, because system 10 is scalable, so this size only is used for illustrative purposes.

Air-flow spurs material through Venturi tubes 18 from inlet tube 12.In an illustrated embodiment, first end 14 is configured to the diameter that a flange comes to converge to from a diameter greater than inlet tube 12 inlet tube 12.The flange that constitutes first end 14 has increased the throughput that enters inlet tube 12.

Some embodiment has from the throat diameter of about 1.5 " (38mm) to 6 " Venturi tube 18 (152mm).It is scalable that throat diameter is based on the flow of material, and may exceed the scope of predesignating.The throat diameter of Venturi tube 18 and inlet tube 12 are directly proportional.In one embodiment, throat diameter is that 2.75 " and adopting 1 " inlet tube diameter (139.33mm) moves.In another embodiment, throat diameter can be that 2.25 " (57mm) also suitably adopting 1 " inlet tube diameter (114mm) moves.Therefore, one 2: 1 ratio has guaranteed and will newly advance in the material capture inlet air flow.

In an illustrated embodiment, divergent portion 30 is connected to shell 35 and directly is communicated with shell 35.The final diameter of divergent portion 30 needn't be identical with inlet tube 12.In another embodiment, divergent portion 30 can be connected to an intermediate module before connecting shell 35, for example a cylinder, pipe or pipe.

One or more flow valves 111 can be arranged on the divergent portion 30, and the additional air capacity that enters shell 35 and flow generator 32 inside is provided.Additional air capacity has strengthened the performance of flow generator 32.In one embodiment, two flow valves 111 are arranged on the divergent portion 30.This system 100 can partially or completely open and moves along with flow valve 111.If material begins to block Venturi tube 18, can close flow valve 111.This just causes more air-flow additional power to be provided and to drive material through Venturi tube 18 and flow generator 32 through Venturi tube 18.Flow valve 111 is adjustable, and central processing unit 110 electrical communication that are shown as and are used to control.Although the manual operation of flow valve 111 within the scope of the invention, computer controlled automatic promotes processing procedure greatly.

Venturi tube 18 provides a rum point between high speed impact ripple and low velocity impact ripple.Shock wave provides in Venturi tube 18 to be pulverized and exsiccation.Be in operation, inner or in housing outlet 36, do not have a visible moisture mark at Venturi tube.Although possibility residual one remaining amount, the amount of dehumidifying is sufficient.Pulverization has further reduced the size of material." some material diameter (50mm), that enter Venturi tube 18 is reduced to the fine powder of the diameter with 20um under a pulverization to have 1.Size reduces to depend on the processed material and the quantity of pulverization.Separating glassware for drinking water from material has numerous application, for example material dehydration and the quantity that significantly reduces pathogen.

The present invention is applied to handle municipal waste especially.The pre-treatment step of mixing a dry reinforcing agent provides and is easy to the waste materials handled by system 100.Can believe that by the cell membrane of the pathogen of breaking, pulverizing and dehumidification treatments have significantly reduced the quantity of the disease that causes pathogen in waste materials.The second source that pathogen reduces is the dehumidifying that reduces pathogen.Show that from the analysis data of handling municipal waste the present invention has eliminated most total Escherichia coli, fecal coli, bacillus coli and other pathogen.

The present invention is applied to dehumidify from the fruits and vegetables goods especially.In one uses, can the fruits and vegetables goods such as apple, orange, carrot, nectarine, peach, muskmelon, tomato or the like be dewatered using system 100.The moisture of removing than health can be concentrated and utilize relatively, and a pure juice product is provided.

In Another Application, can use the present invention to come from such as pulverizing some agricultural product of banana stem, palm, sugarcane, rheum officinale or the like and dehumidifying.In pulverizing banana fiber, fiber is separated, and moisture is removed.The commercial application is to make agricultural product to become a dewatering state from its nature.

Material, moisture and air stream advance and discharge by flow generator 32 and by housing outlet 36.Housing outlet 36 is connected to a blast pipe 112, and this blast pipe 112 is sent to material in a cyclone separator 114 that is used for material and air separation.The diameter of blast pipe 112 can be from about 4 " (100mm) to 7 " (177mm).For some given material, for example attapulgite or coal, it is necessary exceeding given scope, " blast pipe 112 (203mm) is suitable for these materials 1.Blast pipe 112 can have different cross sectional shapes, i.e. rectangle, octagon or the like, and can have different diameters.

Blast pipe 112 can have about 12 feet to 16 feet length.The dry amount that the diameter influence of blast pipe 112 further takes place.Need high air capacity to be used for further material drying.In blast pipe 112, faster mobile air is also removed the moisture that remains on the material by material in blast pipe 112.Air and steam march to a cyclone separator 114, and air separates with solid material therein with steam.

One pulverization produces the heat that helps drying material.Except pulverizing, the rotation of flow generator 32 also produces heat.Size between shell 35 and flow generator 32 is made can during turning friction generates heat.This heat is discharged by housing outlet 36 and blast pipe 112, and material is further dewatered.The heat that is produced also can be enough to partly material be carried out disinfection in some applications.

The diameter of housing outlet 36 can increase or the resistance and the quantity of the heat by housing outlet 36 and blast pipe 112 that reduces to be suitable for to advance.The diameter influence of blast pipe 112 and housing outlet 36 dehumidifies on material crushed.Adjusting outlet diameter will further discuss hereinafter.

When the air-flow that is produced by flow generator 32 increases, pulverize and the dehumidifying increase.If air-flow increases or reduces, the diameter of blast pipe 112 and housing outlet 36 can reduce so that same material dehydration to be provided.Thereby air-flow and diameter can be adjusted the dehydration that reaches required relative to each other.

Heavier material with less water, for example rock material needs less dehumidifying.For these materials, owing to need less dehydration, the diameter of housing outlet 36 and blast pipe 112 can increase.Therefore, for wet material, the diameter of housing outlet 36 and blast pipe 112 can reduce to increase the amount of air and heat, to reach the suitable dehydration of material.

Blast pipe 112 also influences dewatering with respect to the longitudinal axis of Venturi tube 18 and the incline direction of flow generator 32.Exhaust pipe angle α can be that about 25 degree to about 90 degree dehumidify to strengthen.The material of upwards advancing is got off by gravity pressure, and air is limited by gravity less.This allows the air ratio material to move sooner and strengthens dehumidifying.Can adjust angle [alpha] and increase or reduce effect on moisture extraction.Blast pipe 112 can be as shown in the figure straight or the bending that shows with dotted line.

Cyclone separator 114 is a well-known equipment, is used for from the air-flow separating particles.Cyclone separator 114 generally includes the mud chamber with the form appearance of vertical cylinder 116.Cyclone separator can specifically have a tangential import, axial inlet, peripheral discharge or axial discharge.Air-flow and particle 118 enter cylinder by entering the mouth, and rotate in whirlwind when air-flow advances downwards.One conical section 120 makes the whirlwind diameter reduce, up to gas upset himself and rotate up at the center of outlet 122.Particle is collected to inwall and by inertia impact by centrifugal.The particle of collecting flows down in a gas boundary layer to cone apex 124, and the particle of Shou Jiing is discharged by an air-lock 126 and enters an aggregate bin 128 herein.

In some applications, system 100 can comprise also that a condenser 130 comes to receive air-flow from cyclone separator 114.Condenser 130 is condensed into liquid with the steam in the air-flow, and this liquid is deposited in one the case 132 then.One outlet 134 is connected to condenser 130 and provides an outlet to air.Can recognize that condenser 130 is applied to food especially and handles.In another embodiment, condenser 130 is embodied as the selectable treating apparatus such as char filter or analog.Can recognize that condensation or filtration will be depended on material and application.Outlet 134 can comprise or be connected to a filter (not shown) and come filtration residue, particle, steam or the like from delivery air.

Transmit material and repeatedly can further make material dehydration, and further reduce particle size by system 100.In municipal waste applications, can require to reach required dehydrating effect by the repeatedly circulation of system 100.The present invention considers that making continuously of multiloop loop system 100 is used to provide a plurality of Venturi tubes 18 and repeatedly pulverization.Therefore, a continuous single circulation by multiloop loop system 100 has reached required result.Selectively, can and handle material again by 100 processing of same system, up to reaching required particle size and aridity.

In one implements, analyzed the final products of from system, discharging, determine the size and/or the moisture percentage of powder particle.If product can not satisfy the critical value for size and/or moisture percentage, product can be conducted through the one or many circulation, till product satisfies required parameter.

The present invention allows different materials to homogenize.Be in operation, the different materials that enters inlet tube 12 together is processed and stand to pulverize by Venturi tube 18.Final products are except dehydrated and reduce the size, also mixed with homogenize.

A special applications of the present invention comprises homogenizing of landfill product and coal.After pulverizing and dewatering, in powdered coal burner, use rubbish and product of coal mixed and that homogenize, reach the optimum combustion rate that is used for producing steam in a power plant.Rubbish is used to energy production rather than is used for conventional treatment.

Vacation before pulverizing or in the interstage of pulverization, can mix material if required in mixer 102.The material that mixes can strengthen and the homogenizing of some material.Vacation before pulverizing or in the interstage of pulverization, can mix material if required in mixer 102.

Can circulate in the material that pretreatment stage mixes by a plurality of shredding stages required homogenizing is provided.Can handle one first material by a plurality of shredding stages, homogenize with one second material then.Between shredding stage, second material can be mixed with the material of handling at a pretreatment stage.Then first and second materials are transmitted by one or more shredding stages, produce the final products of a homogeneous.

As an additional example, one first material can cycle through three shredding stages.Behind the 3rd shredding stage, one second material can be mixed together in a mixer 102.Before mixing, second material can be used to pulverize and be decreased to required particle size through a Venturi tube 18.First and second materials can pass through one or more additional shredding stages then together, are provided for required water content, the size that industry uses and homogenize.

Referring to Fig. 6, shown a stereogram of a shell 200 that comprises a housing outlet 202.Shell 200 surrounds the operating component of a flow generator 32.Shown shell 200, illustrated flow generator 32 wherein with the part cut open.In order in output stream, to provide variation, a current limiter 204 can be introduced housing outlet 202.Current limiter 204 has increased for the impedance of air-flow and has also increased heat.The number change of impedance and air-flow depends on processed material.

One current limiter 204 comprises that one is nested in a neck 206 and the restrictor aperture 208 in the housing outlet 202.Restrictor aperture 208 has a cross sectional shape littler than housing outlet 202.Restrictor aperture 208 can be rectangle, circle or have other suitable shape.Neck 206 is from providing the flow path of a convergence to the final cross section of restrictor aperture 208 near the cross section of outlet 202.Many current limiters 204 with different hole dimensions can be used for handling output stream, thereby Adjustment System 100 is come adaptation material.

Referring to Fig. 7, shown a profile of the flow generator 32 in a shell 200.Flow generator 32 can disalignment be arranged in shell 200.In one implemented, flow generator 32 comprised a flow distribution plate 250, and this flow distribution plate 250 has a cutting edge 252 near flow generator 32 places.The cutting edge 252 of flow distribution plate 250 is introduced housing outlet 202 with pulverized material.Flow distribution plate 250 is connected to the inside of shell 200, and can be connected to the inside of housing outlet 202.

Flow distribution plate 250 prevents the further rotation in shell 200 of pulverized material.So, flow distribution plate 250 is as airborne first separation of pulverized material from continuing to rotate shell 200.Pulverized material is finished by cyclone separator 114 from airborne later separation.If pulverized material continues rotation in shell 200, pulverized material may be assembled and final block airflow generator 32.Cutting edge 252 has changed the throughput of advancing by shell 200.

The separation from flow generator 32 of the cutting edge 252 of flow distribution plate 250 can be from about 20 mils to 100 mils.The position that also can adjust flow distribution plate 250 increases or reduces the separation from flow generator 32.Can require to adjust according to processed material or flow of process air amount.Adjustment can be by central processing unit 110 controls, and this central processing unit 110 is communicated with the electromechanics or the pneumatic means that are used for mobile flow distribution plate 250.Cutting edge 252 has an inclined-plane to adapt to the shape of flow generator 32.

Referring to Fig. 8, shown a profile of a Venturi tube 18 with throat's finishing die 300 of following.Throat's finishing die 300 is removable assemblies, is nested in when it inserts in the throat 28.Throat's finishing die 300 has changed the effective diameter of throat 28 and has increased air velocity.The variation of throat diameter is required to depend on that material and required dehydration and particle reduce.Therefore, although flow generator 32 can change air-flow, also require to handle the throat diameter of Venturi tube 18.

Throat 28 can be constructed with a shoulder 302, and a collar 304 of throat's finishing die 300 is nested in this above shoulder 302.One crown member 306 is connected to the collar 304, and meets the inner surface of contraction section 26.Throat's finishing die 300 comprises a sleeve pipe 308, and this sleeve pipe 308 meets the inner surface of throat 28, and extends the size of adjusting Venturi tube 18 in a major part of venturi throat length.

Referring to Fig. 9, shown another embodiment of a system 400 that merges two shredding stages 402,404.Each material is pulverized through a Venturi tube 18, remove moisture, and particle reduces.As what discussed before, by an independent Venturi tube 18 or continuously by a plurality of Venturi tubes 18, this technology can repeat to finish, up to the moisture of removing requirement and till reaching required product size.Can continue this technology up to reaching almost 100% dehydration.

Although shown two shredding stages for system 400, those of ordinary skill in the art can be appreciated that a system can comprise three, four, five or more a plurality of stage.First shredding stage 402 is similar to previous described with reference to Figure 4 and 5.First shredding stage 402 comprises funnel 22, mixer 102, conveying arrangement 104, flow control valve 106, Venturi tube 18, shell 35 (wherein having a flow generator 32) and blast pipe 112.System 400 comprises also that in blast pipe 112 flow control valve 405 controls air-flow wherein.

In embodiment formerly, blast pipe 112 is connected to a cyclone separator 114 and separate processed product from air.System 400 comprises that also one second cyclone separator 406 comes admission of air from the outlet 122 of first cyclone separator 114.Second cyclone separator 406 is separation of air from residual particles further, and the air that purifies is sent to a condenser 130.One is communicated with second cyclone separator 406 for first the case 132, receives the liquid of condensation from condenser 130.One outlet 134 provides one to be used for air passes to second cyclone separator 406 from condenser 130 outlet.One defective material bucket 408 is set to receive residual particles from second cyclone separator 406.

Use any amount of conventional art that comprises gravity, will be sent to a funnel 410 by the particle that first cyclone separator 114 separates.Although do not show, all be transferred into funnel 410 from the particle of first and second cyclone separators 114,406.Funnel 410 receives particle, stands second shredding stage 404 then.Funnel 410 is sent to one second inlet tube 412 with particle, and as first shredding stage 402, this second inlet tube 412 is connected to one second Venturi tube 414.

One or more flow valves 416 are positioned on second Venturi tube 414, and with central processing unit 110 electrical communication.The effect of flow valve 416 is similar to previous description and with reference to as 111 flow valve.

Second Venturi tube 414 is communicated with one second flow generator (not shown) in a shell 418.Second flow generator has produced a high velocity air by Venturi tube 414.Second shell 418 is connected to a second exhaust pipe 420, and this second exhaust pipe 420 is sent to one the 3rd cyclone separator 422 with air and processed material.Second exhaust pipe 420 tilts with the angle of spending about 90 degree with respect to the longitudinal axis of second Venturi tube 414 about 25.One second flow valve 424 is arranged in second exhaust pipe 420 and controls wherein air-flow.As first flow control valve 404, the second flow control valves 424 and central processing unit 110 electrical communication that are used to control.

The 3rd cyclone separator 422 separating particles from air, and transmit a product that is transferred into another conveying arrangement 425.One the 4th cyclone separator 426 is admission of air from the 3rd cyclone separator 422, and further purifies air and remove residual particles.Residual particles from the 4th cyclone separator 426 is deposited in the defective material bucket 428.The 4th cyclone separator 426 is sent to one second condenser 430 with air, and steam is condensed into liquid and is received for second the case 432 by 1 in this second condenser 430.One outlet 434 is connected to second condenser 430 and allows air to discharge.

System 400 also comprises a heat producer 436, provides heat to pass through inlet tube 12,412 and Venturi tube 18,414 and helps drying material.Additional heat is unwanted for dehydration, and only is used for further increasing dry potential of the present invention.Heat producer 436 can be communicated with funnel 22,438 or with inlet tube 12,412.Heat producer 436 also can be used with the same mode in Fig. 1,2,4 and 5 illustrated embodiments.

In Fig. 9, heat producer 436 is communicated with one first thermal control valve 440, and heat is sent to first funnel 22.First thermal control valve 440 is controlled heat with central processing unit 110 electrical communication and is transmitted.Selectively, thermal control valve 440 can manual operation.Heat producer 436 also is communicated with one second thermal control valve 442, is controlled to the heat flow of funnel 438.Depend on material or application, may be at second shredding stage, 404 heating materials.If need heating, funnel 438 receives particle from first cyclone separator 114.In addition, material can pass through funnel 410 as shown in Figure 9.

System 400 can comprise one or more shredding stages, is used for further dehydration and particle and reduces.Conveying arrangement 425 can be fed back into mixer 102 or funnel 22, is used for further passing through the circulation of the product of shredding stage 402,404.The second and the 4th cyclone separator 406,426 provides further air cleaning, but additional cost may be thought inappropriate for some application.In some applications, can remove condenser 130,430, perhaps use treating apparatus such as other type of a filter.Can in whole system 400, introduce or remove flow control valve, as quality assurance or as based on design constraint.

Referring to Figure 10, shown another embodiment of a pulverizing and dehumidification system 450.System 450 is similar to the system in the Figure 4 and 5, and comprises that further second cyclone separator 406, that is communicated with first cyclone separator 114 is used for being connected to from defective material bucket 408, a condenser that is communicated with second cyclone separator 406 130, a case 132 and that is communicated with condenser 130 of second cyclone separator, 406 collecting granules the outlet 134 of condenser 130.System 450 also comprises a flow divider 452 that is connected to first cyclone separator 114.

Flow divider 452 will guide to one first outlet 454 or 1 second outlet 456 from the particle that first cyclone separator 114 receives.First outlet, 454 gatherers 458 that are connected to such as bag, bucket, case or analog.Second outlet 456 is connected to a circulation pipe 460, and material crushed is guided once more by system 450.Circulation pipe 460 is connected to first end 14 at its opposite end.Selectively, circulation pipe 460 can be introduced pulverized material funnel 22 or directly enter elongate opening 20.

Be in operation,, when material passed through system 450, material was pulverized, and changes direction by the control of flow divider 452, comes to be used for another time pulverization by system 450 once more.This can be repeated until as required and generate till the final products, be inducted into gatherer 458 by flow divider 452 then.

Referring to Figure 11, shown an embodiment who is suitable for a flow generator 500 of the present invention.Multiple metal is suitable for flow generator, depends on processed material.For grinding-material, can use a hard alloy steel.Selecteed material must be handled the balance between the wearing and tearing of intensity and expection well.Casting flow generator 500 is favourable, because produce inconsistent surface and because the heat affecting scope of heat affected area by the manufacturing of welding.Casting flow generator 500 can have a variable material thickness, resists structural impact fast and because the accelerated wear test that the multiple material of processing produces.The gross weight of component thickness and the flow generator 500 that is caused is directly proportional with the flow that will handle material with air capacity.

Flow generator 500 is received in as shown in Figure 6 the shell.Shell 200 surrounds flow generator 500 at least in part, is housing outlets 36 thereby preferably surround flow generator 500 unique outlets fully.Flow generator 500 can with shell 200 have one closely the gap produce additional friction and heat.It is further dry by flow generator 50 and the material that enters blast pipe 112 to need heat to help.

Flow generator 500 comprises a header board 502, and this header board 502 has an input hole 504 that is provided with one heart and receives supplied materials.The diameter of input hole 504 depends on the air capacity of the size of processed material and expection and can change.One back plate 506 is parallel to header board 502, and comprises an axis hole 508 that is provided with one heart.Hinted that as its name axis hole 508 is admitted and engaged one spool or axle and drives rotation.Selectable flow generator 500 be can use according to the present invention, generator with single back plate that is connected to blade or the generator that only has the blade that radially extends comprised.

Back plate 506 can also comprise bolt hole 509, and all bolts hole 509 are arranged to concentrate around axis hole 508.Each bolt hole 509 has been admitted a corresponding axle bolt (not shown), and each axle bolt is connected to one.Axle bolt is fixed to back plate 506 by nut or other traditional device.

Although header board can be quite different with the thickness of back plate 502,506, in a design, " (8mm) thick, it is " (5mm) thick that header board 502 is 3/16 for back plate 506 about 3/8.

A plurality of blades 510 are arranged between header board 502 and the back plate 506, and all are connected to plate 502,506.Can recognize that the quantity of blade 510 can change, and depend in part on material to be processed.The thickness of blade 510 also can depend on material to be processed and change.

In one embodiment, blade 510 extends through header board and back plate 502,506, comes to form blade fin 511 on the outer surface of header board and back plate 502,506.Blade fin 511 can extend about 1/2 " (12mm) from header board 502 or back plate 506.Blade fin 511 produces a layer of air in the inside of flow generator 500 and shell 200.Blade fin 511 also is used for removing the material that may enter between shell 200 and the flow generator 500.

Referring to Figure 12, shown a profile of axis hole 508.Axis hole 508 has admitted one, bar, axle or other element to come swirling eddy generator 500.Each bolt hole 509 has admitted an axle bolt to fix back plate 506.In this embodiment, along with the extension of axle bolt, one from one first diameter transition to one second diameter that is suitable for inserting axis hole 508.Each bolt hole 509 can provide a groove 513, admits a nut of engages axle bolt.

Referring to Figure 13, shown the inside vertical view of a flow generator 500 with an independent blade.Shown that independent blade 510 illustrates the specific characteristic of blade 510 synthetic in flow generator 500.Remaining blade is specifically implemented similarly.

Blade 510 extends to a guide margin 514 that is adjacent to axis hole 508 from the lagging edge 512 on the periphery 513 of back plate and header board 502,506.Blade 510 comprises a wedge-like portion 516 that is adjacent to lagging edge 512.Wedge-like portion 516 has a thicker cross section increases pressure and throughput.Wedge-like portion 516 provides the wearability of increase, and this is favourable for some materials.

Referring to Figure 14 A, shown a more vertical view of detailed icon explanation wedge-like portion 516.The shape of wedge-like portion 516 has influenced throughput, air velocity and has passed through the flow of material of flow generator 500.Wedge-like portion 516 can change to change throughput, air velocity and flow of material at circumference and axial direction.Foundry engieering is convenient to allow to change at three dimension scale, and allows to have in wedge-like portion 516 any amount of circumference and longitudinal profiles.

The thickness of the increase of wedge-like portion 516 has prolonged the life-span of flow generator 500, stands the position of wearing and tearing at most usually because this is a blade 510.The remainder that material that wedge-like portion 516 is used and hardness also can be different from blade.

Referring to Figure 14 B, shown another embodiment of a wedge-like portion 518, this wedge-like portion 518 comprises an interchangeable wear tip 520.Along with flow generator 500 is rotated in a clockwise direction, interchangeable wear tip 520 has stood maximum material contacts.Although thickening strengthens wearability, wedge-like portion 518 has still stood more wearing and tearing than other assembly of flow generator 500, and may damage quickly.By replacing interchangeable wear tip 520, postponed the replacement of whole flow generator 500.By any known fixture, comprise a hold-down nut and bolt assembly 522, interchangeable wear tip 520 is connected to the remainder of wedge-like portion 518.Interchangeable wear tip 520 can be a material harder than the remainder of blade.Interchangeable wear tip 520 also can be had an interchangeable wear tip 520 of different circumference and axial profile and be replaced.In another embodiment, whole wedge-like portion 518 is interchangeable.

Referring to Figure 15 A, shown a stereogram of flow generator 500, illustrate the wedge-like portion 516 that is connected to header board and back plate 502,506.Also shown the outer surface extension of blade fin 511 from header board and back plate 502,506.As shown, wedge-like portion 516 is thicker than corresponding blade fin 511 substantially.Blade fin 511 is without undergoing the wearing and tearing identical with wedge-like portion 516 and thick not as it.

Referring to Figure 15 B, shown the stereogram of flow generator 500 of another embodiment of wedge-like portion 516.When wedge-like portion 516 in axial direction extends to the back during plate 506 from header board 502, wedge-like portion 516 has increased its thickness and circumference profile.When wedge-like portion 516 radially extended to the periphery, wedge-like portion 516 had also increased thickness.

The material crushed that enters flow generator 500 has a trend that is deposited near back plate 506.Axially the thickness that increases promotes material crushed to remain on the central authorities between header board 502 and the back plate 506 rather than piles up along back plate 506.Foundry engieering can be produced such wedge-like portion 516, because the variation of three dimension scale is possible.Interchangeable wear tip 520 can comprise and limit the thickness that axially increases.If need the shape of other wedge-like portion 516, can use interchangeable wear tip 520 thickness, other with the more significant axial increase of thickness or one that axially increases.Therefore, by using the wedge-like portion 516 of different circumference and axis profile, can control the flow direction of comminution of material vertically.

Refer again to Figure 13, blade 510 transits to an angled position from the position perpendicular to back plate 506.During position before blade 510 advances to a guide margin 514 from wedge-like portion 516, blade 510 transition.Angled position has caused blade to tilt to the direction of air-flow.

In an illustrated embodiment, vertically extend from back plate 506 rear section 524 that comprises the blade 510 of wedge-like portion 516.When blade 510 when lagging edge 512 extends to guide margin 514, rear section 524 can be blade 510 about 1/4th or half.One forward part 526 is surpluses of 514 the blade from lagging edge 512 to guide margin.The forward part 526 that shows has from one with respect to an angled transition of the angled position, upright position to of plate 506 afterwards.

Angled position has one and is called the angle of the angle of attack at this, because the air-flow that its allows guide margin 514 incisions to introduce.In Figure 13, the final angle of attack of blade on guide margin 514 is about 25 degree.Can extend across whole blade 510 or its any part from the transition of angled position, a upright position to.Can from a large-scale angle, select the angle of attack based on expection air velocity, flow of material and material.Angled position can have a scope of about 20 to 60 degree.

Selectively, blade 510 can keep vertical along its whole length.Blade 510 also can have an angle of attack along its whole length.Although extend along whole length, when blade 510 from guide margin 512 to lagging edge 514 when extending, the angle of attack may still change.

Referring to Figure 16, shown a profile diagram of guide margin 514.Traditionally, can be more straight and advance on an angle with respect to back plate 506 in an edge.In one embodiment of this invention, guide margin 514 along with a bandy part 528 is advanced, transits to an inside curve 530 from back plate 506 then.Bandy part 528 helps the air of the input hole 504 that catching advances enters flow generator 500.The guide margin 514 of profile can be cut air and improve the efficient of flow generator 500 like this.

Referring to Figure 17, shown the cross section of guide margin 514 along cross section 17-17.Guide margin 514 has a plurality of stepped serrations of the air-flow that helps the incision introducing.

Referring to Figure 18, shown a stereogram of flow generator 500, this flow generator 500 does not have header board 502 to illustrate blade 510.Although the quantity of blade is variable, shown embodiment comprises nine blades 510.Each blade 510 comprises a wedge-like portion 516, is used to strengthen wearability and increases pressure and air-flow.Each blade 510 further transits to an angle of attack from a upright position.The angle of attack tilts to the clockwise orientation that rotates corresponding to the expection of flow generator 500.Flow generator 500 can move along counterclockwise orientation, and this blade 510 should tilt to that direction.

Be in operation, the blade 510 of rotation has produced from 350mph or to a bigger high velocity air, and air and comminution of material are introduced input hole 504.The guide margin 514 incision air and the comminution of material of blade 510, and with air and comminution of material introduce 510 that limits by blade, extend to the header board and the back flow path 532 of the periphery 513 of plate 502,506 from input hole 504.Flow path 532 can have a maximum stream flow for the material that passes through.Wedge-like portion 516 is pushed to the housing outlet 202 that is arranged in shell 200 with air and comminution of material.Although flow generator 500 provides unique feature, one of skill in the art will recognize that and to use any amount of device, and these devices are included in the scope of the present invention.

The invention provides one and pulverize and dewatering system, this pulverizing can adapt to different materials and different flows with dewatering system.System described here is scalable for the material of different application and different sizes, and the size of any specific components provides as just example.Therefore, a system can be scaled to a bench model or a large scale industry size unit.

System 10,100,400,450 disclosed herein can be installed on the ground, and large-scale embodiment more likely so builds.Selectively, a system can be installed in the vehicles or on the vehicles, for example truck, trailer, railcar, canoe, barge or the like.Can use any vehicles that an enough smooth basal surface is provided.In some that gather in, far handle, demonstrate or the like such as crops used, have one movably system be favourable.

Referring to Figure 19, shown a structure chart of having represented a mobile system 600.System 600 comprises the assembly of previous discussion, for example inlet tube 12, Venturi tube 18, flow generator 32, shell 35, motor 34, blast pipe 112 and first and second cyclone separators 116,406.System 600 can comprise additional element, for example mixer 102, central processing unit 110, condenser 130 or the like.System with a plurality of shredding stages can be mounted to vehicles in a similar fashion.

System 600 comprises vehicles, and these vehicles are usually with 602 assemblies of representing and providing enough basal surface supports to assemble.System 600 also comprises a plurality of supports 604, and all supports 604 are connected to the vehicles 602 and support the assembly of any amount of assembling.System 600 also comprises a shell 606, and this shell 606 has surrounded the assembly of system.Shell 606 is protected assemblies and is reduced the noise of run duration.

One or more assemblies of system 600 can be removable, so that transportation.For example, first and second cyclone separators 116,406 can extend shell 606, and need during transportation remove.Cyclone separator 116,406 can completely or partially be removed before transportation.A mixer 102 can be removable similarly, to transport.The necessity that removes assembly is based on the size of system 600, the vehicles 602 and other design constraint.

Shell 606 can provide a control room to come operating system 600 to the user.Shell 606 can comprise the inlet that is used to observe the window of assembly and is used to observe, operate, repair and insert material to be processed.System 600 can have any amount of feature of considering based on facility, application and other design.

Referring to Figure 20, shown a side view of another embodiment of the present invention 700.Shown embodiment 700 is similar to the embodiment that before describes in Fig. 4, also comprise a calibrate AE sensor 702 that is connected to shell 35.Calibrate AE sensor 702 can be specifically embodied as any amount of product that can buy on market, comprise the Industries by Schmitt, Inc.of Portland, the acoustic emission monitoring system (AEMS) that Oregon makes.In one embodiment, calibrate AE sensor 702 is one can monitor the piezoceramic transducer of 50KHz to the resonant frequency of 950KHz.

Calibrate AE sensor 702 monitorings flow through the high-frequency signal that inlet tube 12, Venturi tube 18, flow generator 32 and shell 35 are produced by material.Represented volume flow by the resonant frequency that calibrate AE sensor 702 receives.The variation of the flow of the material by system 700 has changed resonant frequency.

Calibrate AE sensor 702 and a sensor controller 703 electrical communication, this sensor controller 703 receives resonant frequency and calculated flow rate.Sensor controller 703 and central processing unit 110 electrical communication, this central processing unit 110 receives flow and can respond to adjust flow.At normal operation period, resonant frequency remains in the normal operational factor.When flow surpasses a limit, may cause the system failure.Under normal running (operation) conditions, can formulate minimum and maximum value for flow.If flow is lower than then augmented flow of minimum of a value, similarly, flow exceeds maximum and then reduces flow.

Sensor controller 703 comprises a predetermined max-thresholds for resonant frequency.Max-thresholds can be imported by the operator, and based on the constraint of material to be processed and system 700.Sensor controller 703 also comprises a minimum threshold for performance.If flow exceeds max-thresholds, represented an overload condition, sensor controller 703 sends flow for central processing unit 110 must controlled signal.Similarly, if flow is lower than minimum threshold, sensor controller 703 sends indication like this also for central processing unit 110.

Except flow, calibrate AE sensor 702 also receives the resonant frequency of the abnormal condition of the blade 510 of the imbalance of having indicated such as flow generator 32, displacement or other mechanical breakdown.Overload condition self can produce a mechanical breakdown.Such fault may cause the infringement of even disaster significant for system 700.Mechanical breakdown also may produce the fragment that flies out, and this is to the operator's one possible danger.Calibrate AE sensor 702 is monitored resonant frequencies, and finds the variation of indication fault when fault takes place.In case indicated an overload condition or fault, sensor controller 703 signals to central processing unit 110 immediately in one millisecond or less time.Central processing unit 110 moves in response with correction immediately.Selectively, sensor controller 703 can comprise that vision or audible notification inform the operator, and the operator with manual correction action in response then.

Calibrate AE sensor 702 is shown a rear portion 704 that is arranged at shell 35.Selectively, calibrate AE sensor 702 can be arranged at anterior 706 or any other the position on outer surface of outer cover of shell 35.Calibrate AE sensor 702 also can be arranged on Venturi tube 18 or the inlet tube 12.

Referring to Figure 21, shown system 800, wherein a calibrate AE sensor 702 is arranged on the rear portion 704 of divergent portion 300 and shell 35.Can use a plurality of calibrate AE sensors 702 to improve the monitoring of resonant frequency.In alternate embodiments, a plurality of calibrate AE sensors 702 can be arranged on shell 35, Venturi tube 18 and/or the inlet tube 12 and monitor flow.One sensor controller 703 comes calculated flow rate with calibrate AE sensor 702 electrical communication.

Sensor controller 703 and central processing unit 110 electrical communication, this central processing unit 110 receive data and transmit between a millisecond of resonant frequency effect.If flow is near an overload condition, sensor controller 703 signals to central processing unit 110 and adjusts flow.Central processing unit 110 can adjust flow by partially or even wholly cutting out flow rate adjustable valve 111.Flow valve 111 parts or close the flow that has increased by Venturi tube 18 completely, thereby additional power is provided and drives material by Venturi tube 18 and flow generator 32.Central processing unit 110 also can partially or even wholly cut out the material that flow control valve 106 reduces the system of entering 700.If resonant frequency has been indicated a mechanical breakdown, central processing unit 110 also can carry out a system and stop to cut out motor 34.Sensor controller 703 also can provide the response of a vision or the sense of hearing to the operator.

Referring to Figure 22, shown the profile of an embodiment of an air generator shell 200.As previous discussion, the position of flow distribution plate 250 also can be adjustable, increases or reduces from the separation of flow generator 32.Thereby central processing unit 110 can be by being communicated with the mobile flow distribution plate 250 in the position of controlling flow distribution plate 250 with an actuating apparatus 900.Actuator devices 900 can be specifically embodied as an electromechanical assembly, pneumatic means or other traditional device.Thereby central processing unit 110 can be adjusted flow by mobile flow distribution plate 250 and avoid an event of overload.Along with the adjustment of flow valve 111 and/or flow control valve 106, can take This move to increase the control of flow simultaneously.

One or more sonic transducers 702 also can be arranged in the system that shows in Fig. 1,2,9 and 19.Therefore, just to the demonstration purpose and do not limit the present invention, the system 700 shown in should considering.

Referring to Figure 23, shown the stereogram of another embodiment of a system 1000, comprise the axle 33 at motor 34 and the rear portion 704 that is adjacent to shell 35.The pulley 1002 that motor 34 has engaged engages axle 33 influences the high speed rotating of axle 33.Axle 33 is also referred to as an axle, is connected to one or more supports 1004 and fixes axle 33 and fix its rotation.Support 1004 is fixed to an installing plate 1006.Pulley 1002 is shown in engages axle 33 between the two stands 1004, although pulley 1002 also can be at other engagement position axle 33.

System 1000 also comprises an autobalance system 1008, and this autobalance system 1008 comprises a dynamic balancer 1010, a vibrating sensor 1012 and a balancer controller 1014.Automatic-balancing system 1008 is easy to install, very reliably, fully automatically and almost need not to train the operator.In Figure 23, balancer 1010 is embodied as an external balancer 1010, although balancer 1010 also can be specifically embodied as an internal balancer or the annular flat weighing apparatus of discussing below.External balancer 1010 and a balancer controller 1014 electrical communication compensate the imbalance in axle 33 and flow generator 32 when axle horizontally rotates with the RPM that turns round.Balancer controller 1014 comprises that operation one algorithm controls a processor (not shown) of external balancer 1010.

Dynamic compensation has reduced noise and vibration, and has improved the performance of system and the flow of material by flow generator 32.The dynamic equilibrium of flow generator 32 has prevented cavitation erosion, and has improved the performance of flow generator 32.External balancer is commercially available, and for example by the SchmittIndustries of the Portland of Ore., Inc. makes.External balancer 1010 can receive power by a rotary slip ring power conversion system or by a non-contacting power conversion system.

In Figure 23, external balancer 1010 is connected to a near-end 1016 of axle 33.Axle 33 is connected to flow generator 32 in shell 35 in a far-end (not shown).External balancer 1010 is connected to the axle 33 at the rear portion 704 that is adjacent to flow generator 32, and rear portion 704 is also referred to as pulley side.In this way, external balancer 1010 is not interfered the air-flow of the input hole 508 that enters air turbine 32.External balancer 1010 is with the unbalanced mass compensation principle operation for axle.In one embodiment, external balancer 1010 comprises two movably eccentric weights.The micromotor of the gear train of external balancer 1010 by passing a precision drives each eccentric weight.

Referring to Figure 24 A, shown a view that illustrates with a flow generator 32 of an external balancer 1010 axially-aligned.External balancer 1010 is arranged at the plane away from the plane that flow generator 32 for example is set in Figure 23.External balancer 1010 comprises the pouring weight 1020 shown with respect to a non-equilibrium site 1022.Balancer controller 1014 indication external balancer 1010 are reorientated pouring weight 1020 and are offset non-equilibrium site 1022.This state is called the opposite planar balance at this, because pouring weight 1020 balance one mass, for example flow generator in second plane 32 in a plane.

Referring to Figure 24 B, shown a dynamic balance state along with pouring weight 1020 compensation non-equilibrium sites 1022.For the opposite planar balance, thus pouring weight 1020 must be in the semicircle 1024 identical with non-equilibrium site 1022 balance.Semicircle 1024 is restricted to has axle center 1025.Even axle 33 stops or restarting, external balancer 1010 also can be kept accurate balance.

Referring to Figure 25 A, shown explanation once more with a view of a flow generator 32 of an external balancer 1010 axially-aligned.Yet in this state, external balancer 1010 is adjacent to flow generator 32 and therefore basic in identical plane.This is called the same level balance at this.Pouring weight 1020 is shown as with respect to a non-equilibrium site 1022, and has a non-equilibrium state.Thereby balancer controller 1014 indication external balancer 1010 are reorientated pouring weight 1020 and are offset non-equilibrium site 1022.

Referring to Figure 25 B, shown a dynamic balance state along with pouring weight 1020 compensation non-equilibrium sites 1022.For the same level balance, pouring weight 1020 is arranged at a semicircle opposite with non-equilibrium site 1022 balance is provided.

Referring to Figure 26 A, shown the stereogram of the operation of an explanation opposite planar balancing technique.External balancer 1010 is connected to one 33 and rotation in one first plane 1030.For example a mass 1032 of a flow generator 32 is connected to an end opposite of axle 33, and rotation in one second plane 1034.Therefore, external balancer 1010 and mass 1032 are at the opposite two ends of axle 33.Externally the pouring weight 1020 in the balancer 1010 has compensated the non-equilibrium site 1022 in mass 1032.

The opposite planar balancing technique can be applied to have among Figure 23 is in the system 1000 of mass 1032 of flow generator 32.External balancer 1010 and flow generator 32 are installed in axle 33 opposite two ends, come accurately and balance flow generator 32 dynamically.Pulley 1002 is connected to the externally axle 33 between the balancer 1010 and flow generator 32, although pulley 1002 also can be connected to axle 33 in other position.Compensation pouring weight 1020 in identical semicircle but with in the different plane of non-equilibrium site 1022, produced balance.

Referring to Figure 26 B, shown the stereogram of the operation of an explanation same level balancing technique.Mass 1032 and external balancer 1010 are arranged to located adjacent one another, thereby they are approx in identical plane 1036.External balancer 1010 is connected to one 33, and this axle 33 also is connected to mass 1032.Thereby pouring weight 1020 must provide balance in the semicircle opposite with non-equilibrium site 1022.Can revise in the system shown in Figure 23 1000 the same level balance is provided.

Refer again to Figure 23, homestat 1008 involving vibrations sensors 1012, this vibrating sensor 1012 have accurately been monitored the unbalanced level of vibration of indication.Sensor 1012 installs by magnet, stud or other traditional mode is mounted to support 1004 or installing plate 1012.Vibrating sensor 1012 and a balancer controller 1014 electrical communication, this balancer controller 1014 have been filtered the signal of being introduced by RPM.Balancer controller 1014 drives pouring weight 1020 with external balancer 1010 electrical communication and along the direction that reduces the vibration signal amplitude.When pouring weight 1020 is positioned and reaches minimum level of vibration, finished balance and homestat 1008 monitoring vibration levels guarantee optimum operation.

Referring to Figure 27, shown the cutaway view of another embodiment of a dynamic balancer 1040.Dynamic balancer 1040 is internal balancer 1040, and this internal balancer 1040 completely or partially is nested in the hole of axle 33.Internal balancer is commercially available, for example by Schmitt Industries, and Inc.of Portland, Oregon makes.Internal balancer 1040 can comprise a mounting flange 1042, and this mounting flange 1042 is connected to axle 33 by one or more screw 1044 screws.Exist other traditional method to be used for internal balancer 1040 is fixed to axle 33.

As for external balancer 1010, internal balancer 1040 also is provided with pouring weight and compensates non-equilibrium site in a mass.Internal balancer 1040 can be used in the balance sysmte shown in Figure 23, and can be used in opposite planar or same level balancing technique.Therefore, internal balancer 1040 is communicated with balancer controller 1014 pouring weight dynamically is set.Discuss as previous, balancer controller 1014 is communicated with to determine a non-equilibrium site with a vibrating sensor 1012.

Referring to Figure 28, shown a profile by an embodiment of the used compensation pouring weight 1046,1048 of internal balancer 1020.Compensation pouring weight 1046,1048 can be specifically embodied as semicircle and relative to each other rotates with the structure about in the of.As shown in the figure, an internal compensation pouring weight 1046 has the section thicker than an external compensation pouring weight 1048.By compensation pouring weight 1046,1048 accurately is set, reached dynamic equilibrium.Shown compensation pouring weight 1046,1048 also can be used in the external balancer 1010.

Referring to Figure 29, shown a stereogram of another dynamic balancer 1050.Dynamic balancer 1050 is an annular flat weighing apparatus 1050, and this annular flat weighing apparatus 1050 surrounds and is connected to one 33.Annular flat weighing apparatus 1050 is commercially available, for example by Schmitt Industries, and Inc.of Portland, Oregon makes.So, annular flat weighing apparatus 1050 can be arranged at along the position of any easily assembling of the length of axle 33.Annular flat weighing apparatus 1050 can be used for Fig. 2 a balance sysmte 1008, and can be used for opposite planar or same level balancing technique.

Referring to Figure 30, shown the profile of an embodiment of an annular flat weighing apparatus 1050.Annular flat weighing apparatus 1050 comprises compensation pouring weight 1052,1054, and this compensation pouring weight 1052,1054 can relative to each other axially parallelly be provided with.One first compensation pouring weight 1052 can have than the bigger quality of one second compensation pouring weight 1054.Compensation pouring weight 1052,1054 is set have been produced a comprehensive compensation balance counterweight for non-equilibrium site and has reached dynamic equilibrium.Selectively, annular flat weighing apparatus 1050 can be combined with and be similar to disclosed compensation pouring weight in the dynamic balancer of formerly describing 1010,1040.

Selectable balancer embodiment is well known in the art and can adopts.Autobalance system 1008 with the speed that can operate dynamically balance flow generator 32 keep best balance.After rotate stopping and during follow-up operation, kept balance.Balancer can be connected to axle 33 in pulley side, avoids interfering the air-flow that enters flow generator.Autobalance system 1008 has eliminated to cavitate and has improved the efficient and the performance of flow generator.

Claims (22)

1. one kind is used for comminution of material and from the device that material dehumidifies, comprises:
One inlet tube;
One Venturi tube is connected to described inlet tube;
One flow generator produces an air-flow and comprises an input hole;
One, be connected to described flow generator;
One balancer is connected to described axle and compensates the imbalance of run duration in described axle; And
One shell surrounds described flow generator at least in part and comprises an outlet that is communicated with described input hole,
Described flow generator is communicated with to come steering current to pass through described Venturi tube with described Venturi tube and towards described input hole, and the material that wherein is introduced into described air-flow is by described Venturi tube and stand to pulverize and dehumidifying.
2. device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, also comprises a balancer controller that is communicated with described balancer, described balancer controller control imbalance compensation.
3. device as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, also comprises a vibrating sensor, and this vibrating sensor is communicated with described balancer controller and receives the unbalanced vibration of expression from described axle.
4. device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described balancer is to comprise an external balancer that compensates pouring weight.
5. device as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that, described external balancer comprises around rotating two the compensation pouring weights of an axis of described external balancer.
6. device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described axle comprises an endoporus, and described balancer is to be arranged in the described endoporus at least in part and to comprise an internal balancer that compensates pouring weight.
7. device as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that, described internal balancer comprises around rotating two the compensation pouring weights of an axis of described internal balancer.
8. device as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that, two compensation pouring weights are with a mutual up-down structure setting.
9. device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described balancer is to comprise an annular flat weighing apparatus that compensates pouring weight.
10. device as claimed in claim 9 is characterized in that, described annular flat weighing apparatus comprises around rotating two the compensation pouring weights of an axis of described annular flat weighing apparatus.
11. one kind is used for comminution of material and from the method that material dehumidifies, comprises:
A flow generator that is communicated with a Venturi tube is provided;
Provide one that is connected to described flow generator;
One balancer is connected to described axle;
The imbalance of described balancer compensation during described axle rotates;
Described flow generator produces by described Venturi tube and towards an air-flow of described flow generator;
Guide described material to enter described air-flow; And
Transmitting described material dehumidifies through described Venturi tube and pulverizes described material.
12. method as claimed in claim 11 is characterized in that, described balancer is to comprise an external balancer that compensates pouring weight.
13. method as claimed in claim 12 is characterized in that, described external balancer comprises around rotating two the compensation pouring weights of an axis of described external balancer.
14. method as claimed in claim 11 is characterized in that, described balancer is to comprise an internal balancer that compensates pouring weight, and comprises:
In described axle, provide an endoporus; And
At least in part described internal balancer is arranged in the described endoporus.
15. method as claimed in claim 14 is characterized in that, described internal balancer comprises around rotating two the compensation pouring weights of an axis of described internal balancer.
16. method as claimed in claim 15 is characterized in that, also comprises two compensation pouring weights with a mutual up-down structure setting.
17. method as claimed in claim 11 is characterized in that, described balancer is to comprise an annular flat weighing apparatus that compensates pouring weight.
18. method as claimed in claim 17 is characterized in that, described annular flat weighing apparatus comprises around rotating two the compensation pouring weights of an axis of described annular flat weighing apparatus.
19. method as claimed in claim 11 is characterized in that, also comprises the vibration that receives the expression unbalanced shaft.
20. method as claimed in claim 19 is characterized in that, also comprises:
The signal of expression unbalanced shaft is sent to a balancer controller; And
Described balancer controller is determined an imbalance and is controlled compensation and offset described imbalance.
21. method as claimed in claim 11 is characterized in that, described balancer comprises the compensation pouring weight, and comprises:
Described balancer setting is adjacent to described flow generator; And
Described compensation pouring weight is moved in the semicircle opposite with a uneven point in described flow generator, thereby provide balanced compensated.
22. method as claimed in claim 11 is characterized in that, described balancer comprises the compensation pouring weight, and comprises:
Described balancer is provided with away from described flow generator; And
Described compensation pouring weight is moved in the semicircle identical with a uneven point in described flow generator, thereby provide balanced compensated.
CN 200910137492 2004-03-23 2005-01-20 System and method for pulverizing and extracting moisture CN101642728A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0406494.5 2004-03-23
GB0406494A GB0406494D0 (en) 2004-03-23 2004-03-23 System and method for pulverizing and extracting moisture

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200580009398 Division CN100496754C (en) 2004-03-23 2005-01-20 System and method for pulverizing and removing moisture

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101642728A true CN101642728A (en) 2010-02-10

Family

ID=32188525

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200910137492 CN101642728A (en) 2004-03-23 2005-01-20 System and method for pulverizing and extracting moisture
CN 200580009398 CN100496754C (en) 2004-03-23 2005-01-20 System and method for pulverizing and removing moisture

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200580009398 CN100496754C (en) 2004-03-23 2005-01-20 System and method for pulverizing and removing moisture

Country Status (16)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1737577A2 (en)
JP (1) JP2007530264A (en)
CN (2) CN101642728A (en)
AP (1) AP200603782A0 (en)
AU (2) AU2005222724B2 (en)
BR (1) BRPI0509144A (en)
CA (1) CA2560965A1 (en)
EA (1) EA008992B1 (en)
GB (1) GB0406494D0 (en)
IL (1) IL178022D0 (en)
IS (1) IS8556A (en)
MX (1) MXPA06010851A (en)
NZ (2) NZ550689A (en)
SG (1) SG151290A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2005089947A2 (en)
ZA (1) ZA200607511B (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105057127A (en) * 2010-04-23 2015-11-18 乌尔可公司 Stability control system for a hydrocyclone

Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FI20125628A (en) * 2012-06-08 2013-12-09 Metso Minerals Inc Procedure for controlling a mineral plant processing plant and mineral material processing plant
CN102954674B (en) * 2012-11-20 2014-12-17 山东博润工业技术股份有限公司 Smashing and drying equipment
CN102937372B (en) * 2012-11-20 2015-03-04 山东博润工业技术股份有限公司 Smashing drying treatment process and device
CN104949231A (en) * 2014-03-25 2015-09-30 欣兴电子股份有限公司 Dehumidification equipment and dehumidification method
US9724703B2 (en) * 2014-06-06 2017-08-08 LLT International (Ireland) Ltd. Systems and methods for processing solid materials using shockwaves produced in a supersonic gaseous vortex
CN105413815A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-03-23 日照德升新型建材有限公司 Production and preparation technology for first-grade coal ash
CN106278447B (en) * 2016-07-15 2019-04-23 徐州工程学院 A kind of landscape flower compound organic fertilizer crushes drying system and its working method
US9848629B1 (en) 2016-12-21 2017-12-26 Wenger Manufacturing, Inc. Product drying apparatus and methods
CN108393127B (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-11-20 温岭市仁全机械设备有限公司 A kind of recovery of ecologic environment in a mine device

Family Cites Families (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB911454A (en) * 1960-03-22 1962-11-28 Inst Warmetechnik Und Automati Improvements in or relating to a method for the regulation of the charge level and of the rate of throughput of mills, especially ball mills
US3690570A (en) * 1970-08-10 1972-09-12 Kennedy Van Saun Co Method of and system for controlling grinding mills
SU372468A1 (en) * 1970-11-10 1973-03-01 Device for automatic balancing of the grinding circle when its rotation
JPS60128726U (en) * 1984-02-07 1985-08-29
FI77580C (en) * 1985-11-26 1989-04-10 Kemira Oy Foerfarande and the arrangement of the Foer foerbaettrande malresultatet in a tryckammarkvarn.
CA2069120C (en) * 1992-05-21 2005-04-26 Anton Gasafi Weight compensating method and apparatus
JPH06296893A (en) * 1993-04-16 1994-10-25 Ichikou Nekusuto Kk Device for crushing and drying solid material
DE19747628A1 (en) * 1997-10-29 1999-05-06 Bayer Ag Measuring and regulating solid charge for jet mill or impact pulverizer
JP3318246B2 (en) * 1997-12-01 2002-08-26 四国計測工業株式会社 Fan motor diagnosis method and diagnosis device
GB9819398D0 (en) * 1998-09-04 1998-10-28 Garfield Int Invest Ltd Pulveriser and method of pulverising
US7040557B2 (en) * 2001-02-26 2006-05-09 Power Technologies Investment Ltd. System and method for pulverizing and extracting moisture
DE19930602A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2001-01-11 Interelectric Ag Sachseln Dynamically balanced small electric motor
AUPQ152499A0 (en) * 1999-07-09 1999-08-05 Commonwealth Scientific And Industrial Research Organisation A system for monitoring acoustic emissions from a moving machine
JP2001141593A (en) * 1999-11-12 2001-05-25 Ishikawajima Harima Heavy Ind Co Ltd Balance adjusting method of engine rotor
JP2001342993A (en) * 2000-05-29 2001-12-14 Honda Motor Co Ltd Fan for turbofan engine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105057127A (en) * 2010-04-23 2015-11-18 乌尔可公司 Stability control system for a hydrocyclone
CN105057127B (en) * 2010-04-23 2018-01-02 乌尔可公司 The method for operating hydrocyclone

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EA008992B1 (en) 2007-10-26
IS8556A (en) 2006-10-23
CN100496754C (en) 2009-06-10
JP2007530264A (en) 2007-11-01
WO2005089947A2 (en) 2005-09-29
CA2560965A1 (en) 2005-09-29
AU2009202520A1 (en) 2009-07-16
NZ550689A (en) 2010-03-26
AU2005222724A1 (en) 2005-09-29
EP1737577A2 (en) 2007-01-03
GB0406494D0 (en) 2004-04-28
NZ583473A (en) 2010-06-25
SG151290A1 (en) 2009-04-30
CN1950151A (en) 2007-04-18
AP200603782A0 (en) 2006-10-31
MXPA06010851A (en) 2006-12-15
IL178022D0 (en) 2006-12-31
WO2005089947A3 (en) 2005-11-17
EA200601755A1 (en) 2007-02-27
ZA200607511B (en) 2008-12-31
AU2005222724B2 (en) 2009-05-14
BRPI0509144A (en) 2007-09-04

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US9174220B2 (en) Dryer/grinder
US7335311B2 (en) Sludge treatment
EP2646160B1 (en) Dynamic element for the separating device of a stirring ball mill
EP1136129A1 (en) Two-stage comminuting and dehydrating system and method
CN101664709B (en) Crushing equipment
US4430214A (en) Strainer mill for swimming pool pump intake
US4245999A (en) Method and apparatus for obtaining low ash content refuse fuel, paper and plastic products from municipal solid waste and said products
CN104470614B (en) Rotating separator
US20120325949A1 (en) Device for mechanical separation of material conglomerates from materials of different density and/or consistency
EP2231343B1 (en) Separator rotary feeder and method of using the same
EP2125230B1 (en) Method for the continuous dry milling process of a vertical grinding mill and vertical grinding mill
US5188298A (en) Method and apparatus for fiberizing
WO2004112973A2 (en) Drum sieve machine
ES2589886T3 (en) Garbage Crushing Mill
KR100836071B1 (en) Processing device for synthetic material
US5887808A (en) High efficiency grinding apparatus
EP2435187B1 (en) Grinder
JPH074539B2 (en) Uncoating, TadashiKoku machine
KR101586464B1 (en) Device for pulverization and extraction of agricultural product
EP0172731A2 (en) Classifier and controller for vertical mill
CN103263955B (en) Production equipment for extracting cotton protein from cottonseed meal
WO2003006166A1 (en) Intense vortex dryer, comminutor and reactor
AU595298B2 (en) Process for the obtention of high purity mucilage from plantago psyllium seeds
EP2293877B1 (en) Conical reducing apparatus
KR100918710B1 (en) Crusher for food garbage reutilitization

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Open date: 20100210

C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)