CN101637935B - Manufacturing method of inorganic insulating bearing building block - Google Patents

Manufacturing method of inorganic insulating bearing building block Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101637935B
CN101637935B CN2009100752093A CN200910075209A CN101637935B CN 101637935 B CN101637935 B CN 101637935B CN 2009100752093 A CN2009100752093 A CN 2009100752093A CN 200910075209 A CN200910075209 A CN 200910075209A CN 101637935 B CN101637935 B CN 101637935B
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
weight
building block
additive
inorganic insulating
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009100752093A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101637935A (en
Inventor
李珠
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Taiyuan Sikeda Technical Development Co., Ltd.
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李珠
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/28Fire resistance, i.e. materials resistant to accidental fires or high temperatures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention discloses a manufacturing method of an inorganic insulating bearing building block, belonging to the technical field of the insulating building block and aiming at providing an inorganic insulating bearing building block with good insulating performance and light weight; the adopted scheme is as follows: the manufacturing method of the inorganic insulating bearing building block comprises the following steps: grinding, mixing, casting, cutting and milling; the mixed materials are mixed according to the following parts by weight: composite light-bone admixture: cement:sand:stone: ceramsites:powdered coal ash:water:additive=(0.5-10):(6-25):(5-50):(0.1-45): (5-20):(1-30):(10-25):(0.1-35); the components and the parts by weight proportioning of the additive are as follows: 5 to 45 portions of silicon ash, 0.5 to 10 portions of air entraining agent, 0.1 to 30 portions of foaming agent, 3 to 30 portions of water-reducing agent, 10 to 35 portions of waste ore slag and 1 to 20 portions of polypropylene fiber. The manufacturing method can be applied to the technical field of buildings.

Description

The preparation method of inorganic insulating bearing building block
Technical field
The preparation method of inorganic insulating bearing building block of the present invention belongs to the insulation blocks technical field.
Background technology
In recent years, the concrete porous building-brick has obtained application as a kind of novel bearing wall material in architectural engineering.The concrete porous building-brick is raw material with the concrete, makes through blanks and moulding and conserving, and its manufacture craft is simple, maintenance is convenient, needn't sintering.But also there is following a few point defect in the concrete porous building-brick:
The first, should not be used for the building under ground portion, these position local compression Capability Requirements are higher;
The second, bore hole size is little, quantity is many, and moulding need have Special Equipment, needs to use dry concrete, and is higher to material requirements;
Three, concrete porous building-brick thermal conductivity factor is 1.51W/ (mK), though its hole ratio helps insulation greatly, but it has the concrete rib of certain width and concrete constructional column or stem stem in seam crossing, corner that weak spot is arranged, and easily forms heat bridge, influences heat-insulating property.
Though and the concrete solid block can be avoided the above-mentioned defective of concrete porous building-brick.But the heat-insulating property of concrete itself is relatively poor, cause the heat-insulating property of concrete solid block also corresponding relatively poor, and unit weight is bigger, uses the back to increase building load and foundation cost, and the use of concrete solid block has been limited in some places.
Summary of the invention
The present invention overcomes the problem that prior art exists, and problem to be solved provides a kind of good heat insulating, lightweight inorganic insulating bearing building block.
In order to address the above problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
The preparation method of inorganic insulating bearing building block comprises: levigate, batching, cast and cutting milling, and Pei Liao raw material wherein, according to following parts by weight:
Composite light-weight bone spike: cement: sand: stone: haydite: flyash: water: additive=(0.5-10): (6-25): (5-50): (0.1-45): (5-20): (1-30): (10-25): (0.1-35);
Described composite light-weight bone spike is the mixing of the one or any kind of glass bead, vermiculite, expanded perlite and modified expanded perlite, and its density is (50-180) kg/m 3
The component of above-mentioned additive and weight portion proportioning thereof are as follows: silicon ash 5-45 part, air entraining agent 0.5-10 part, blowing agent 0.1-30 part, water reducer 3-30 part, abandoned mine slag 10-35 part, polypropylene fibre 1-20 part.
The raw material of described batching, optimum ratio are according to following parts by weight:
Composite light-weight bone spike: cement: sand: stone: haydite: flyash: water: additive=(3-7): (10-20): (20-30): (10-30): (10-15): (10-20): (15-20): (10-25);
The component of above-mentioned additive and weight portion proportioning thereof are as follows: silicon ash 15-30 part, air entraining agent 4-7 part, blowing agent 10-20 part, water reducer 12-22 part, abandoned mine slag 20-25 part, polypropylene fibre 5-15 part.
The raw material of batching, optimal proportion are according to following parts by weight:
Composite light-weight bone spike: cement: sand: stone: haydite: flyash: water: additive=5: 25: 26: 23: 13: 15: 18: 17;
The component of above-mentioned additive and weight portion proportioning thereof are as follows: 23 parts of silicon ashes, 6 parts of air entraining agents, 15 parts of blowing agents, 17 parts of water reducers, 22 parts of abandoned mine slags, 10 parts of polypropylene fibres.
Described additive also comprises following component and weight portion proportioning thereof: the mixture of a kind of or any kind in bentonite 0.1-20 part, rubber powder 0.1-5 part, lime 0.1-30 part, gypsum 0.1-20 part, set retarder 0.1-20 part, cellulose 0.1-30 part.
Inorganic insulating bearing building block of the present invention compared with prior art has following beneficial effect:
1, can make building block have good heat-insulating property, and the thermal conductivity factor of inorganic insulating bearing building block varying strength proportioning of the present invention is 0.08-1.50W/ (mK), strength grade can reach more than the MU15.
2, make building block on basis, improve heat insulation function and reduced unit weight, avoided some defectives of concrete segment with original load-bearing effect.
3, insulation material is combined with concrete segment, a kind of self-heat preservation heat insulation building block is provided, simplified heat preservation technology.
4, simple structure, price is low, owing to do not need to be incubated processing, engineering cost and building material expense all reduce greatly again.
5, gather materials by mixing green inorganic heat preservation composite light-weight, reduced the index such as unit weight, water absorption rate, thermal conductivity factor, fire protecting performance of concrete segment, improved the endurance quality and the heat-insulating property of building block.
6, adopt inorganic insulating bearing building block of the present invention and the supporting use of inorganic heat insulation load-bearing concrete, can form integral type thermal insulation building, reach the inhabitation effect in traditional earth kiln hole.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1: the preparation method of inorganic insulating bearing building block comprises: levigate, batching, cast and cutting milling, and this making step is existing conventional method, Pei Liao raw material wherein, according to following parts by weight:
Composite light-weight bone spike: cement: sand: stone: haydite: flyash: water: additive=5: 25: 26: 23: 13: 15: 18: 17;
The component of above-mentioned additive and weight portion proportioning thereof are as follows: 23 parts of silicon ashes, 6 parts of air entraining agents, 15 parts of blowing agents, 17 parts of water reducers, 22 parts of abandoned mine slags, 10 parts of polypropylene fibres.
Composite light-weight bone spike is the mixing of the one or any kind of glass bead, vermiculite, expanded perlite and modified expanded perlite.
Embodiment 2: the preparation method of inorganic insulating bearing building block comprises: levigate, batching, cast and cutting milling,, this making step is existing conventional method, wherein Pei Liao raw material is according to following parts by weight:
Composite light-weight bone spike: cement: sand: stone: haydite: flyash: water: additive=0.5: 6: 5: 0.1: 5: 1: 10: 0.1;
Described composite light-weight bone spike is the mixing of the one or any kind of glass bead, vermiculite, expanded perlite, wet-process modified expanded perlite and dry method modification expanded perlite, and its density is (50-180) kg/m 3
The component of above-mentioned additive and weight portion proportioning thereof are as follows: 8 parts of silicon ashes, 9 parts of air entraining agents, 25 parts of blowing agents, 25 parts of water reducers, 15 parts of abandoned mine slags, 18 parts of polypropylene fibres.
Embodiment 3: the preparation method of inorganic insulating bearing building block comprises: levigate, batching, cast and cutting milling,, this making step is existing conventional method, wherein Pei Liao raw material is according to following parts by weight:
Composite light-weight bone spike: cement: sand: stone: haydite: flyash: water: additive=10: 25: 50: 45: 20: 30: 25: 25;
Described composite light-weight bone spike is the mixing of the one or any kind of glass bead, vermiculite, expanded perlite and modified expanded perlite, and its density is (50-180) kg/m 3
The component of above-mentioned additive and weight portion proportioning thereof are as follows: 5 parts of rubber powders, 10 parts of silicon ashes, 15 parts in gypsum, 5 parts of air entraining agents, 5 parts of blowing agents, 6 parts of set retarder, 6 parts of water reducers, 10 parts of celluloses, 20 parts of abandoned mine slags, 10 parts of polypropylene fibres.
Embodiment 4: the preparation method of inorganic insulating bearing building block, comprise: levigate, the batching, the cast and the cutting milling, this making step is existing conventional method, and wherein Pei Liao raw material is according to following parts by weight: composite light-weight bone spike: cement: sand: stone: haydite: flyash: water: additive=8: 20: 20: 20: 15: 15: 20: 22;
Described composite light-weight bone spike is the mixing of the one or any kind of glass bead, vermiculite, expanded perlite and modified expanded perlite, and its density is (50-180) kg/m 3The component of above-mentioned additive and weight portion proportioning thereof are as follows: 10 parts of bentonites, 2 parts of rubber powders, 10 parts of silicon ashes, 20 parts in lime, 8 parts in gypsum, 5 parts of air entraining agents, 20 parts of blowing agents, 8 parts of set retarder, 20 parts of water reducers, 20 parts of celluloses, 22 parts of abandoned mine slags, 12 parts of polypropylene fibres.
The inorganic insulating bearing building block of making according to the method described above, can make hollow and solid block according to the structure and the shape of existing building block, the cavity of its building-block can be made single row of holes, double hole or many rounds according to designing requirement, and shape can adopt fluted or not have groove.

Claims (4)

1. the preparation method of inorganic insulating bearing building block comprises: levigate, batching, cast and cutting milling is characterized in that: the raw material of batching, according to following parts by weight:
Composite light-weight bone spike: cement: sand: stone: haydite: flyash: water: additive=(0.5-10): (6-25): (5-50): (0.1-45): (5-20): (1-30): (10-25): (0.1-35);
Described composite light-weight bone spike is the mixing of the one or any kind of glass bead, vermiculite, expanded perlite and modified expanded perlite, and its density is (50-180) kg/m 3
The component of above-mentioned additive and weight portion proportioning thereof are as follows: silicon ash 5-45 part, air entraining agent 0.5-10 part, blowing agent 0.1-30 part, water reducer 3-30 part, abandoned mine slag 10-35 part, polypropylene fibre 1-20 part.
2. the preparation method of inorganic insulating bearing building block according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the raw material of batching, according to following parts by weight:
Composite light-weight bone spike: cement: sand: stone: haydite: flyash: water: additive=(3-7): (10-20): (20-30): (10-30): (10-15): (10-20): (15-20): (10-25);
The component of above-mentioned additive and weight portion proportioning thereof are as follows: silicon ash 15-30 part, air entraining agent 4-7 part, blowing agent 10-20 part, water reducer 12-22 part, abandoned mine slag 20-25 part, polypropylene fibre 5-15 part.
3. the preparation method of inorganic insulating bearing building block according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the raw material of batching, according to following parts by weight:
Composite light-weight bone spike: cement: sand: stone: haydite: flyash: water: additive=5: 25: 26: 23: 13: 15: 18: 17;
The component of above-mentioned additive and weight portion proportioning thereof are as follows: 23 parts of silicon ashes, 6 parts of air entraining agents, 15 parts of blowing agents, 17 parts of water reducers, 22 parts of abandoned mine slags, 10 parts of polypropylene fibres.
4. the preparation method of inorganic insulating bearing building block according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described additive also comprises following component and weight portion proportioning thereof: the mixture of a kind of or any kind in bentonite 0.1-20 part, rubber powder 0.1-5 part, lime 0.1-30 part, gypsum 0.1-20 part, set retarder 0.1-20 part, cellulose 0.1-30 part.
CN2009100752093A 2009-08-21 2009-08-21 Manufacturing method of inorganic insulating bearing building block Expired - Fee Related CN101637935B (en)

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CN101973779A (en) * 2010-09-27 2011-02-16 刘士权 Novel foam concrete preparation process
CN102320804B (en) * 2011-08-19 2013-03-20 张文群 Non-bearing insulating brick
CN102966212A (en) * 2012-12-17 2013-03-13 李梦湘 Thermal-insulating type concrete hollow block
CN103242001A (en) * 2013-05-06 2013-08-14 湖南省第三工程有限公司 Self-heat-preservation building block
CN104150945B (en) * 2014-07-21 2015-12-02 贵州省恒威新型建材有限责任公司 A kind of foamed bricks and working method thereof
CN104446181A (en) * 2014-11-09 2015-03-25 哈尔滨市海江科技开发有限公司 Load-bearing block
CN104446223A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-03-25 无锡伊诺永利文化创意有限公司 High-strength concrete building block
CN104478379A (en) * 2014-12-21 2015-04-01 哈尔滨市海江科技开发有限公司 Bearing building block
CN106007504A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-10-12 广西科技大学 Light micropore energy-saving and environment-friendly concrete block and preparation method thereof
CN106242385A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-12-21 柳州弘蓝科技有限公司 A kind of low-density, high-calcium waste heat insulation building block
CN106186881A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-12-07 柳州弘蓝科技有限公司 A kind of method preparing heat insulation building block for raw material with high-calcium waste
CN107021695A (en) * 2017-03-29 2017-08-08 合肥天沃能源科技有限公司 It is a kind of for energy-conserving plate material of construction wall and preparation method thereof
CN107056217A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-08-18 明光市泰丰新材料有限公司 A kind of novel wall material and preparation method thereof
CN108821715A (en) * 2018-06-07 2018-11-16 安徽臻烁新材料技术有限公司 A kind of preparation method of impermeabilisation external wall insulation
CN111099866B (en) * 2019-12-30 2021-03-26 同济大学 Thermal insulation building block prepared from plant fiber modified waste soil and preparation method thereof

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JP2005263595A (en) * 2004-03-22 2005-09-29 Taiheiyo Cement Corp Mortar composition containing flyash hollow particle, and heat insulator
CN1772689A (en) * 2005-09-30 2006-05-17 同济大学 High-performance heat insulating building block and its production process
CN101407392A (en) * 2008-11-11 2009-04-15 武汉奥捷高新技术有限公司 Inorganic heat-insulating mortar for light insulating brick masonry and preparation thereof
CN101508543A (en) * 2009-03-24 2009-08-19 武汉地产开发投资集团有限公司 Mortar special for light insulating brick construction and method of producing the same

Patent Citations (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005263595A (en) * 2004-03-22 2005-09-29 Taiheiyo Cement Corp Mortar composition containing flyash hollow particle, and heat insulator
CN1587170A (en) * 2004-07-22 2005-03-02 上海交通大学 Polystyrene flyash concrete wall material and its preparing method
CN1772689A (en) * 2005-09-30 2006-05-17 同济大学 High-performance heat insulating building block and its production process
CN101407392A (en) * 2008-11-11 2009-04-15 武汉奥捷高新技术有限公司 Inorganic heat-insulating mortar for light insulating brick masonry and preparation thereof
CN101508543A (en) * 2009-03-24 2009-08-19 武汉地产开发投资集团有限公司 Mortar special for light insulating brick construction and method of producing the same

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Owner name: TAIYUAN SIKEDA TECHNICAL DEVELOPMENT CO., LTD.

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Address after: 030006 Shanxi city of Taiyuan province Changzhi high tech Development Zone Road 251 Ruijie Technology Centre Block A room 205

Patentee after: Taiyuan Sikeda Technical Development Co., Ltd.

Address before: 030006 Shanxi high tech Zone in Taiyuan City, Changzhi Road No. 251 room 205 Ruijie technology A

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