CN101606482A - Production method for environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet - Google Patents

Production method for environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet Download PDF

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CN101606482A
CN101606482A CNA200910065545XA CN200910065545A CN101606482A CN 101606482 A CN101606482 A CN 101606482A CN A200910065545X A CNA200910065545X A CN A200910065545XA CN 200910065545 A CN200910065545 A CN 200910065545A CN 101606482 A CN101606482 A CN 101606482A
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China
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production
environment
nonwoven
layer
lawn
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CNA200910065545XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101606482B (en
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沈阿林
王洋洋
高小明
李水旺
郭战玲
刘芳
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河南省农业科学院
高小明
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of production method of environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet.Mainly may further comprise the steps: lay watertight composition, nonwoven, wadding fiberfill layer, nutrient matrix layer successively, sow grass seeds, hide the back with nonwoven again and lay vermiculite or zeolite granular, the fertilising of regularly watering in the nurturing period.It is short that the present invention produces the lawn blanket turf grass growing time, and recruitment economizes, and labour intensity is little, and administrative expenses are low, lawn purity height, no weeds, root system is complete, and herbaceous stem is good, and thickness is even, easily survive after the transplanting, convenient management can be rolled up and can cut out, and has overcome the shortcoming of former lawn bad adaptability, easy fracture; The not only green phase of the lawn blanket of producing is long, color and luster is bud green, strong stress resistance, also has plurality of advantages such as light weight, degradable, easy maintenance, convenient transportation, can be widely used in the greening or the decoration on public place, airport, office building, auditoriums, hotels, dwelling house roof etc.

Description

Production method for environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of lawn production method, be specifically related to a kind of production method of environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet.
Background technology
In the ecosystem that the mankind are perched, more and more important effect is being brought into play on the lawn, and it not only can beautify the living environment, purify air, improve microclimate, reduce noise, and bringing into play important effect in the ecological balance of safeguarding the Nature and aspect preventing erosion.Along with I accelerate with urbanization process, urban afforestation standard upgrading and urban size increase substantially, and have formed the great demand to the lawn, and market prospects are good.But with regard to the production technology of present domestic lawn, the overwhelming majority adopts directly at the arable land upper seeding wheel grass-seed or the asexual propagation material of planting, and treats that connecting the soil zone sod lifter with shovel volume machine behind the Cheng Ping of lawn becomes turf to roll up the method for transporting to the building site cover plant.This traditional soil cultivation that has exists in the production process and takies a large amount of arable lands, destroys original arable land topsoil structure, in the cultivation cycle long (one-period is more than 4~5 months), lawn Heavy Weight, transportation inconvenience, sods problem such as poor effect.Along with the Economic Growth in China mode shifts to intensive style, be that the soilless lawn blanket plantation of characteristics will have huge advantage than traditional soil species implant model that has with energy-saving and environmental protection, sustainable development, and become the new developing direction of lawn industry.In addition, modern's rhythm of life and work rhythm are more and more faster, and people are also more and more faster to the turf establishment rate request.And present existing soilless lawn blanket exists that production cycle length, life cycle weak point, easy fracture, matrix granule easily come off, bad adaptability, can't carry out real problems such as batch production production.As disclosing a kind of lawn soilless among the Chinese patent literature CN 1264397, its manufacture method is that grass seeds is broadcasted sowing on hypothallus, covers fertilizer application layer and sprout-protecting layer, after grass seeds germinates the formation seedling, spray the seedling blade face with Dai Xinsen manganese immediately, spray different nutrient solutions at each vegetative stage of careless strain.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention provides the low environment-friendly soilless lawn production method of a kind of production cost, utilize this lawn method with short production cycle, become the level ground fast, the production lawn life-span is long, finally the degradable inoculating bed is environment friendly and pollution-free.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of production method for environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet may further comprise the steps:
(1) on burnishing surface, lays impermeable stratum, and spray the medicine of control germ, insect pest;
(2) laying at least one layer of density on impermeable stratum is 60~90g/m 2Nonwoven, the water spray nonwoven is sticked on the impermeable stratum;
(3) lay the thick wadding fiberfill layer of 1~2cm (wadding can be animal fiber, vegetable fiber, chemical fibre or its mixture with fiber, can be fiber leftover bits and pieces, regenerated fiber or waste and old fibre) on nonwoven, water spray is to saturated;
(4) on the wadding fiberfill layer, lay the thick organic nutrition hypothallus of 0.1~1cm, subsequently with 20~35g/m 2The amount of broadcasting evenly sow the mixed seeding grass seeds;
(5) hide grass seeds with nonwoven, and lay the thick vermiculite of 0.2~0.6cm or zeolite granular layer on this nonwoven and (play compacting, protection against erosion, water retention, can promote the fast-germination growth of careless bud, shorten the production cycle on lawn), the granularity of vermiculite or zeolite is 0.5~1mm, and sprinkle water moistening this vermiculite or zeolite granular layer;
(6) water once every day in preceding 8~12 days of nurturing period, and per 2~4 days of later stage watered once, sprayed 400~600ml/m in per 8~12 days 2Concentration be 0.40~45% composite nutrient-fluid once; Cultivate and remove upper strata nonwoven and vermiculite or zeolite after 8~12 days, these materials can repeat to utilize again.
Described organic nutrition matrix is at least a in the chicken manure that becomes thoroughly decomposed, herbaceous stem fiber, wood fibre, acid-sludge, stalk, mud, peat soil, turfy soil, flax, pulverizes, sieves after selected material is fully become thoroughly decomposed, and stacks standby.
The medicine of described control germ, insect pest is at least a in mancozeb, tpn, potassium permanganate, the formalin.
The porosity of described nutrient matrix layer is 54~96%, and the unit weight after it waters is 673~1261kg/m 3Optimum matrix pores ratio is 1: 2~4.
The pH value of described nutrient matrix layer is 6.0~7.0.
Described wadding fiberfill layer by cotton-wool, acrylic fibers or terylene, animal hair with 6~8: 1~3: 1 weight ratio constitutes.
Described mixed seeding grass seeds by annual bluegrass, chewing fescue, perennial ryegrass with 5~7: 2~4: 1 weight ratio constitutes.
Seed selection is mainly decided according to condition such as the soil of milpa, weather and practical use.From practical use, if view and admire careless class in principle, consider that careless look emerald green, good looking appearance, growing way is neat, is easy to finishing; The careless class if lie fallow is then paid attention to selecting anti-trample for use, and the volt growth traits of crawling is good, and the rhizome fertility is strong. can form the careless class of abundant careless blanket.Which kind of no matter selects for use, should select the germination rate height for use generally, disease-resistant resistance to insects is strong, the good grass seeds of drought-enduring anti-lean property; Soil to pH meta-acid or inclined to one side alkali needs corresponding certain acid resistance or the alkali-proof grass seeds selected for use; To the applicability aspect of temperature mainly is that the grass seeds of selecting for use resistance to low temperature strong then will be considered in the lower area of winter temperature.
The described mixed seeding grass seeds 20~48h that soaks seed prior to seeding often stirs seed during seed soaking, before the sowing seed picked up and dry in the air out.
The ratio of N, P, K is 2~4: 2~4 in the described composite nutrient-fluid: 1.
The light of the nurturing period of described environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet, warm condition are: 10~25 ℃ of temperature, illumination 5000~10000lux, and optimum production temperature is at 15~25 ℃, and suitable illuminance is at 7000~8000lux.As lawn planting in greenhouse or booth, the control light and temperature condition can further shorten the production cycle, improves turf quality, and the production lawn can not be subjected to the restriction in season, really realizes the batch production production of lawn soilless.
When the growing height of grass three/for the moment of the height that is above standard, need in time prune.The pruning stubble height difference of different grass species, at 0.8~1.2cm, chewing fescue, perennial ryegrass etc. maintains 4~5cm as the stubble height of bent grass, Bermuda grass etc.General organic soilless cultivation carpet-type lawn volume spring and autumn can be pruned once in 15~20 days, pruned about 20~30 days summers and once was advisable.
The present invention has actively useful effect:
1. utilization of waste as resource can utilize agriculture and industry waste to carry out lawn cultivation, as inoculating bed, realizes the reusable edible of resource as the cotton felt produced with waste and old cotton-wool, duds thing etc., has remarkable economy, society, ecological benefits; The green grass growth can make inoculating bed progressively degrade, and is environment friendly and pollution-free.
2. turf quality is good, has overcome the shortcoming of former lawn bad adaptability, easy fracture, and the finished product lawn does not have particle detachment, can arbitrarily curl, hang, cut out as carpet; The lawn survival rate height that the inventive method is cultivated (sodding back 2~3d promptly restore normal growth), color and luster is bud green, view strong, growth rapidly, and the growth life-span reaches 10 years behind the Cheng Ping, the green phase reached more than 350 days, and traditional clean culture lawn soilless can only reach 300 days.
3. with short production cycle, become the level ground fast, can become the level ground in general 4~5 weeks; And produce and be not subjected to the restriction in season, can produce in indoor or booth winter; Be suitable for intensification, batch production production.
4. easy to use, damage by disease and insect and weeds are few, light weight, are easy to carrying, are convenient to lay, and the four seasons all can transplant, and are salubrious clean as in indoor suspension tiling, can be with the shop with removing.
5. be widely used, non-earth grass blanket of the present invention lawn can be widely used in the place that traditional lawns such as park, school, square, road can be afforested, but also can be used on the roof, the three-dimensional contouring greening is carried out in indoor and street, can be trimmed to various pattern and characters arbitrarily, such as, be used for the indoor laying in halls such as government bodies, luxurious hotel, restaurant, exhibition room, with the greening of environment, beautify and transfer to indoorly, improve the grade of greening.
6. production cost is low, and cost of labor, cost of material and later maintenance cost are low.
Embodiment
The production method of 1 one kinds of environment-friendly soilless lawns of embodiment, key step is as follows:
(1) utilize some idle greenhouse or vacant lots to produce, ground grading at first is to prevent low-lying part ponding, layer overlay Polypropylence Sheet on smooth soil (thickness 0.5mm), spray with 1000 times of liquid of 70% mancozeb wettable powder, remove germ, prevent damage by disease and insect to kill;
(2) on Polypropylence Sheet, lay layer of non-woven fabric (75g/m 2), water spray (can be stained with stick Polypropylence Sheet and be as the criterion with nonwoven);
(3) spread the wadding fiberfill layer that thickness is 1cm (cotton-wool, acrylic fibers, animal hair ratio are 7: 2: 1) on nonwoven, water spray is with saturated being as the criterion of wadding fiberfill layer suction;
(4) chicken manure that becomes thoroughly decomposed that lays a bed thickness 0.4cm on the wadding fiberfill layer is made the nutrient matrix layer, evenly sows mixed seeding grass seeds (annual bluegrass: chewing fescue: the perennial ryegrass weight ratio is 6: 3: 1) subsequently, is as the criterion with every square of 30g;
(5) on grass seeds, hide with layer of non-woven fabric again, playing fixedly grass seeds and water retention, and have to heat and preserve moisture, waterproof is dashed and is drenched, increase the seedling number, the effect of insect-pest and shortening production cycle, and on the top layer nonwoven, lay vermiculite layers (thickness 0.5cm, vermiculite granularity 1mm), play compacting, water conservation, protection against erosion effect, to solve the difficult problem of cotton felt suction, make lawn soilless not be with pelleted substrate simultaneously, so that there is not particle detachment during vertical planting;
(6) water once every day in preceding 10 days of nurturing period, water the water yield with drenched half degree of depth to matrix of water for well, can sprinkle water once in per three days later on, water the water yield with the drenched matrix of water for well, spraying 500ml concentration in per 10 days is 0.42% composite nutrient-fluid (N, P, K=2: 3: 1), after 10 days the nonwoven of top layer is withdrawn from together with one of vermiculite, can be reused.
When the coverage rate of turf volume on the bed of level ground reaches 95% when above (generally after planting about 40 days), raise turf, find that white root joins together, turf root rhizome is deep-rooted, has formed careless blanket, can move the level ground at this moment.When moving the level ground turf is rolled into tubular, so that carrying and use.Can reuse after Polypropylence Sheet on the bed of level ground put in order a little.
The production method of 2 one kinds of environment-friendly soilless lawns of embodiment, key step is as follows:
(1) ground grading, to prevent low-lying part ponding, layer overlay Polypropylence Sheet on smooth soil (thickness 0.3mm) sprays with 1000 times of liquid of 70% mancozeb wettable powder, removes germ to kill, and prevents damage by disease and insect;
(2) on Polypropylence Sheet, lay nonwoven (80g/m 2), water spray (can be stained with Polypropylence Sheet with nonwoven is as the criterion);
(3) on nonwoven, spread the waste and old cotton-wool that thickness is 2cm, spray water to the cotton-wool water saturation;
(4) fertilizer that the becomes thoroughly decomposed (chicken manure: stalk: turfy soil=3: 1: 2), sprinkle mixed seeding grass seeds (annual bluegrass: chewing fescue: perennial ryegrass is 5: 2: 1) subsequently, be as the criterion of the thick 0.3cm of laying one deck on the cotton-wool with every square metre of 35g;
(5) on grass seeds, hide with layer of non-woven fabric again, playing fixedly grass seeds and water retention, and have to heat and preserve moisture, waterproof is dashed and is drenched, increase the seedling number, the effect of insect-pest and shortening production cycle, and on the nonwoven of upper strata, lay one deck vermiculite granule (thickness 0.3cm, granularity 0.5mm), keep moisture, to solve the difficult problem of cotton felt suction, make lawn soilless not be with pelleted substrate simultaneously, so that there is not particle detachment during vertical planting;
(6) watering every day once can be sprinkled water once later in per three days in preceding 10 days of nurturing period, and per 10 days spray 500ml concentration is 0.42% composite nutrient-fluid (N, P, K=2: 2: 1), after 10 days the nonwoven of top layer is withdrawn from together with one of vermiculite, can reuse.
3 one kinds of production method for environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet of embodiment may further comprise the steps:
(1) on burnishing surface, lays impermeable stratum, and spray 75% 700 times of liquid controls of tpn wetting powder germ, insect pest;
(2) laying at least one layer of density on impermeable stratum is 60g/m 2Nonwoven, the water spray nonwoven is sticked on the impermeable stratum;
(3) lay the thick wadding fiberfill layer of 1.5cm on nonwoven, water spray is to saturated;
(4) (chicken manure becomes thoroughly decomposed: the sawdust that becomes thoroughly decomposed=4: 1), the pH value of nutrient matrix layer is transferred to 6.0~7.0, porosity is 60%, and the unit weight after it waters is 80~1000kg/m to lay the thick nutrient matrix layer of 1cm on the fiberfill layer at wadding 3, subsequently with 35g/m 2The amount of broadcasting evenly sow mixed seeding grass seeds (annual bluegrass: chewing fescue: perennial ryegrass is 7: 4: 1), the 24h that soaks seed prior to seeding often stirs seed during seed soaking, before the sowing seed picked up and dry in the air out, seed is sticked together when preventing to sow;
(5) hide grass seeds with nonwoven, and lay the thick zeolite granular layer of 0.2cm on this nonwoven, the granularity of zeolite is 1mm, and moistening this stratum granulosum of sprinkling water;
(6) water once every day in preceding 8 days of nurturing period, and per 4 days of later stage watered once, sprayed 600ml/m in per 8 days 2Concentration be 0.40 composite nutrient-fluid (N, P, K=4: 4: 1) once; Cultivate and remove upper strata nonwoven and zeolite granular after 8 days, in order to utilizing again next time.
4 one kinds of production method for environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet of embodiment may further comprise the steps:
(1) laying plastic on the level ground bed burnishing surface in the steelframe booth, and spray the medicine (with embodiment 2) of control germ, insect pest;
(2) laying one deck density on mulch film is 90g/m 2Nonwoven, the water spray nonwoven is sticked on the impermeable stratum;
(3) lay the thick wadding fiberfill layer of 1cm on nonwoven, water spray is to saturated;
(4) on the wadding fiberfill layer, lay the thick nutrient matrix layer of 0.1cm (chicken manure+peat composed of rotten mosses becomes thoroughly decomposed), subsequently with 20g/m 2The amount of broadcasting evenly sow mixed seeding grass seeds (annual bluegrass: Festuca Arundinacea: perennial ryegrass is 7: 4: 1);
(5) hide grass seeds with nonwoven, and lay the thick zeolite granular layer of 0.6cm on this nonwoven, the granularity of zeolite is 0.5~1mm, and moistening this stratum granulosum of sprinkling water;
(6) water once every day in preceding 12 days of nurturing period, and per 2 days of later stage watered once, sprayed 400ml/m in per 12 days 2Concentration be 45% composite nutrient-fluid once; Cultivate and remove upper strata nonwoven and zeolite after 12 days.
Light, warm condition in the nurturing period booth of soilless lawn blanket are controlled to be: 15~25 ℃ of temperature, illumination 7000~8000lux.
5 one kinds of production method for environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet of embodiment may further comprise the steps:
(1) laying plastic on burnishing surface, and spray the medicine (2% formalin, i.e. formalin solution) of control germ, insect pest;
(2) laying one deck density on mulch film is 75g/m 2Nonwoven, the water spray nonwoven is sticked on the impermeable stratum;
(3) lay the thick wadding fiberfill layer of 1.5cm (wadding can be the mixture of animal fiber, vegetable fiber, chemical fibre or its arbitrary proportion with fiber, can be that fiber is got a foothold or regenerated fiber) on nonwoven, water spray is to saturated;
(4) on the wadding fiberfill layer, lay the thick organic nutrition hypothallus of the 0.8cm (chicken manure that becomes thoroughly decomposed: wood fibre: mud: peat soil=2: 1: 1: 2), the porosity of nutrient matrix layer remains 60~80%, and the unit weight after it waters remains 700~1100kg/m 3, the pH value is adjusted into 6.0~7.0, subsequently with 25g/m 2The amount of broadcasting evenly sow mixed seeding grass seeds (annual bluegrass, Festuca Arundinacea, perennial ryegrass constitute with 7: 4: 1 weight ratio), the described mixed seeding grass seeds 20~48h that soaks seed prior to seeding often stirs seed during seed soaking, before the sowing seed picked up and dry in the air out;
(5) hide grass seeds with nonwoven, and (granularity is 0.5~1mm), and it is moistening to sprinkle water to lay the thick vermiculite granule layer of 0.3cm on this nonwoven;
(6) water once every day in preceding 11 days of nurturing period, and per 3 days of later stage watered once, sprayed 550ml/m in per 9 days 2Concentration be 0.41% composite nutrient-fluid (ratio of N, P, K is 3: 2: 1) once; Cultivate and remove upper strata nonwoven and vermiculite after 9 days, the light of nurturing period, warm condition are: 10~25 ℃ of temperature, illumination 5000~10000lux.

Claims (10)

1. production method for environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet may further comprise the steps:
(1) on burnishing surface, lays impermeable stratum, and spray the medicine of control germ, insect pest;
(2) laying at least one layer of density on impermeable stratum is 60~90g/m 2Nonwoven, the water spray nonwoven is sticked on the impermeable stratum;
(3) lay the thick wadding fiberfill layer of 1~2cm on nonwoven, water spray is to saturated;
(4) on cotton layer, lay the thick organic nutrition hypothallus of 0.1~1cm, subsequently with 20~35g/m 2The amount of broadcasting evenly sow the mixed seeding grass seeds;
(5) hide grass seeds with nonwoven, and lay thick vermiculite of 0.2~0.6cm or zeolite granular layer on this nonwoven, the granularity of vermiculite or zeolite is 0.5~1mm, and sprinkle water moistening this vermiculite or zeolite granular layer;
(6) water once every day in preceding 8~12 days of nurturing period, and per 2~4 days of later stage watered once, sprayed 400~600ml/m in per 8~12 days 2Concentration be 0.40~45% composite nutrient-fluid once; Cultivate and remove upper strata nonwoven and vermiculite or zeolite after 8~12 days.
2. production method for environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described organic nutrition matrix is at least a in the chicken manure that becomes thoroughly decomposed, herbaceous stem fiber, wood fibre, acid-sludge, stalk, mud, peat soil, turfy soil, flax.
3. production method for environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the medicine of described control germ, insect pest is at least a in mancozeb, tpn, potassium permanganate, the formalin.
4. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described production method for environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet, it is characterized in that the porosity of described nutrient matrix layer is 54~96%, the unit weight after it waters is 673~1261kg/m 3
5. production method for environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet according to claim 4 is characterized in that, the pH value of described nutrient matrix layer is 6.0~7.0.
6. production method for environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet according to claim 5 is characterized in that, described wadding fiberfill layer by cotton-wool, acrylic fibers or terylene, animal hair with 6~8: 1~3: 1 weight ratio constitutes.
7. production method for environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet according to claim 6 is characterized in that, described mixed seeding grass seeds by annual bluegrass, chewing fescue, perennial ryegrass with 5~7: 2~4: 1 weight ratio constitutes.
8. production method for environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet according to claim 7 is characterized in that, the described mixed seeding grass seeds 20~48h that soaks seed prior to seeding often stirs seed during seed soaking, before the sowing seed is picked up and dries in the air out.
9. production method for environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet according to claim 8 is characterized in that, the ratio of N, P, K is 2~4: 2~4 in the described composite nutrient-fluid: 1.
10. production method for environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet according to claim 9 is characterized in that, nurturing period light, the warm condition of described environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet are: 10~25 ℃ of temperature, illumination 5000~10000lux.
CN200910065545XA 2009-07-27 2009-07-27 Production method for environment-friendly soilless lawn carpet CN101606482B (en)

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