CN101605945B - Dome type structure - Google Patents

Dome type structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101605945B
CN101605945B CN2007800482784A CN200780048278A CN101605945B CN 101605945 B CN101605945 B CN 101605945B CN 2007800482784 A CN2007800482784 A CN 2007800482784A CN 200780048278 A CN200780048278 A CN 200780048278A CN 101605945 B CN101605945 B CN 101605945B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
components
main
dome type
angle
ceiling parts
Prior art date
Application number
CN2007800482784A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101605945A (en
Inventor
朴现珠
洪思镇
文丞俊
金业
Original Assignee
世界穹顶建筑株式会社
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Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to KR1020060133326A priority Critical patent/KR100751224B1/en
Priority to KR1020060133326 priority
Priority to KR10-2006-0133326 priority
Application filed by 世界穹顶建筑株式会社 filed Critical 世界穹顶建筑株式会社
Priority to PCT/KR2007/006587 priority patent/WO2008078894A1/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=38012207&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=CN101605945(B) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Publication of CN101605945A publication Critical patent/CN101605945A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/32Arched structures; Vaulted structures; Folded structures
    • E04B1/3205Structures with a longitudinal horizontal axis, e.g. cylindrical or prismatic structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/32Arched structures; Vaulted structures; Folded structures
    • E04B1/3211Structures with a vertical rotation axis or the like, e.g. semi-spherical structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/32Arched structures; Vaulted structures; Folded structures
    • E04B2001/327Arched structures; Vaulted structures; Folded structures comprised of a number of panels or blocs connected together forming a self-supporting structure
    • E04B2001/3276Panel connection details

Abstract

Disclosed is a dome type structure induing main wall parts (10), forming four walls and a portion of a ceiling, each of which is provided with a lower end fixed to or buried under the ground in each of four directions and an upper end bent in a dome shape toward the center of the upper portion of the structure such that both edges of the upper ends of the neighboring main wall parts contact each other; corner wall parts (20) disposed at four corners of the structure between the neighboring main wall parts (10), and thus forming dome type corners; and a central ceiling part (30) closing a hole formed at the ceiling by connecting the main wall parts (10) such that the central ceiling part contacts the upper surfaces of the main wall parts (10), thereby being simply and rapidly assembled and disassembled.

Description

Dome type structure

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of dome type structure, more particularly, relate to a kind of like this dome type structure, wherein, the main wall components that forms the part of four walls and ceiling is separately made with the angle wall components that forms the angle, assembling each other then, assembling simply and fastly and to decompose described dome type structure, the quantity of main wall components change make dome type structure wall the length elongation and shorten, thereby change the size of the inner space of dome type structure, therefore, the inner space of various sizes is provided.

Background technology

Usually, dome refers to the hemispherical roof, that is, and and inverted bowl-type roof.Structure with above shape is known as dome type structure, and it covers the top in circular stadium (for example, baseball place or Association football place).

This traditional dome type structure was applied in the building in Middle Ages, for example, and Ace base rub igloo and Africanized bee tree house.In the method that is used for building traditional dome type structure, use steel concrete or polygonal building frame, and carry out repeatedly reconstruct (reconstructed).Recently, use solid framework or make air and can be injected into wherein structure, and air is injected in the described structure, thereby build dome type structure.

But, in these traditional dome type structures, be fixed usually owing to form the framework of the global shape of described structure, therefore can not increase the interior zone of described dome type structure.In addition, if the interior zone of described dome type structure is increased, then dome type structure is partly destroyed then and is rebuild, the new dome type structure of perhaps other construction, thus need high time and cost of bearing, and feasible construction difficulty, therefore, can not easily use.Dome type structure by the manufacturing of air method for implanting be suitable in be used in isometric time or short time, but there are many problems, for example, be difficult to change the size of structure, and structure maintenance and be restricted at the application of the inside/outside decorative material of building.

Summary of the invention

Technical problem

Therefore, consider the problems referred to above and propose the present invention, an object of the present invention is to provide a kind of dome type structure, wherein, the main wall components that forms the part of four walls and ceiling is made respectively and is assembled each other with the angle wall components that forms the angle, thereby assemble simply and fastly and decompose dome type structure, the quantity of main wall components change make dome type structure wall the length elongation and shorten, thereby the size in the space in the change dome type structure, therefore, the interior space of various sizes is provided.

Technical scheme

According to an aspect of the present invention, can realize above-mentioned and other purpose by a kind of dome type structure is provided, described dome type structure comprises: main wall components, form the part of four walls and ceiling, each main wall components is provided with lower end and upper end, the lower end is fixed to ground or is embedded to undergroundly along each of four direction, and the upper end is according to the central bend of dome shape towards the top of described structure, so that two edges of the upper end of adjacent main wall components contact with each other; The angle wall components is arranged on the place, four angles of the described structure between the adjacent main wall components, so forms the dome type angle.

Beneficial effect

The main wall components that forms the part of four walls and ceiling by assembling is finished dome type structure of the present invention with the angle wall components that forms the angle, described main wall components and angle wall components are made respectively, thereby it is simple and assemble apace and decompose, therefore, be built as simple and easy factory or dormitory apace.

In addition, because the change of the quantity of main wall components, therefore, the length of dome type structure is extended and is shortened, and the size of the inner space of dome type structure can change, thereby economical and have a multiple structure, therefore, provide various convenient factory and dormitory with various inner spaces.

In addition, dome type structure has the outstanding structural performance of distributed load equably, thereby can reduce the weight of the various load support unit of framework.

Description of drawings

By the detailed description of carrying out below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, above and other objects of the present invention, characteristics and other advantage will become easier to understand, wherein:

Fig. 1 is the phantom drawing of dome type structure according to an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 2 is the decomposition diagram of the dome type structure of embodiment according to the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the state phantom drawing of the dome type structure of embodiment according to the present invention, and wherein, the outer wall reinforcement material is applied to the outer wall surface of described dome type structure;

Fig. 4 is the phantom drawing of dome type structure according to another embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 5 is the phantom drawing of dome type structure according to still another embodiment of the invention.

The specific embodiment

Now, describe the preferred embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings in detail.

To shown in Figure 5, dome type structure according to the present invention comprises as Fig. 1: main wall components 10 forms the part of four walls and ceiling; Angle wall components 20 is separately positioned on the corner between the adjacent main wall components 10; Centre ceiling parts 30, hole 5 sealings that will form at the ceiling place by connecting main wall components 10.

The main wall components 10 that forms the part of four walls of dome type structure and ceiling has the shape of rectangular bend plate, its lower end is fixed to ground or buries underground, its upper end according to dome shape (promptly, a shape of/4th according to the round tube of radially being divided) towards the central bend on the top of dome type structure, so that the edge of the upper end of two adjacent main wall components 10 contacts with each other, form hole 5 with central authorities at the ceiling of described dome type structure.

Here, zigzag copulational protuberance 10a is formed on each of two side surfaces of main wall components 10, so that described zigzag copulational protuberance 10a can engage with the zigzag copulational protuberance 20a of a corresponding angle wall components 20.

Described zigzag copulational protuberance in addition, can on each of the upper surface of main wall components 10, form the zigzag copulational protuberance, so that can engage with the zigzag copulational protuberance of the corresponding side surface of centre ceiling parts 30.

Aperture of door 11 passes any one main wall components 10 and forms, and the door 12 that can be opened and closed is connected to aperture of door 11.In addition, fenestra 13 passes any one main wall components 10 and forms, and the window 14 that can be opened and closed is connected to fenestra 13.

What have that the door 12 and the main wall components 10 of window 14 utilize lightweight materials (for example, expanded polystyrene (EPS), gas concrete, gypsum, silicon etc.) here, is molded as or utilizes being molded as of heavy amount material (for example, concrete, polymer resin, curing materials etc.).

According to another embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 4, a plurality of main wall components 10 are arranged along the wall direction of unanimity, thereby form the rectangle dome type structure.Though do not illustrate, can arrange a plurality of main wall components 10 in each of four wall directions.

The angle wall components 20 that is separately positioned on four corners of the dome type structure between the adjacent main wall components 10 has the shape of Triangular Bending Plate, and it has sharp-pointed upper end, and has 1/4th semi-spherical shape, thereby forms the dome type angle.

Each be manufactured to one of angle wall components 20.But in the present invention, each of angle wall components 20 comprises that being set to a pair of first jiao of wall components 22 with same structure and 24, the first jiaos of wall components 22 of second jiao of wall components and second jiao of wall components 24 is separated from each other by center line.

Here, zigzag copulational protuberance 20a is formed on each of both side surface of angle wall components 20, so that described zigzag copulational protuberance 20a can engage with the zigzag copulational protuberance 10a of a corresponding main wall components 10.

According to still another embodiment of the invention, as shown in Figure 5, first jiao of wall components and second jiao of wall components form as one with adjacent main wall components respectively, thereby form connecting wall parts 50.

Centre ceiling parts 30 have the shape of rectangular slab, rectangular opening 5 sealings that it will form at ceiling portion by connecting four main wall components 10, and the upper surface of the main wall components 10 of centre ceiling parts 30 contacts.

More particularly, centre ceiling parts 30 comprise housing 32 and the transparency window 34 that is installed in the housing 32.

Here, the zigzag copulational protuberance (not shown) that engages with zigzag copulational protuberance on the upper surface that is formed on main wall components 10 can be formed on the external surface of housing 32.

In addition, be provided for strengthening the outer wall reinforcement material 40 or 42 (with reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 3) of the outer wall of main wall components 10.

Outer wall reinforcement material 40 can be pottery (ceramic) or a plaster (mortar), and outer wall reinforcement material 40 is applied to the outer wall of main wall components 10 according to appointed thickness, and the thickness of outer wall reinforcement material 40 is preferably in the scope of 0.5~1.5mm.In addition, outer wall reinforcement material 42 can be the net with grid structures, and outer wall reinforcement material 42 is embedded in the main wall components 10.

Net in being embedded in main wall components 10 is used as under the situation of outer wall reinforcement material 42, and the thickness of main wall components 10 is preferably in the scope of 1~10cm.

Main wall components 10, angle wall components 20 and centre ceiling parts 30 can be by various linkage units (for example, the combination of bolt/nut) connects, easily be decomposed into main wall components 10, angle wall components 20 and centre ceiling parts 30 as long as main wall components 10, angle wall components 20 and centre ceiling parts 30 easily are assembled into dome type structure or dome type structure.

In addition, the securing bracket (not shown) that can suitably select above-mentioned connection to need.

Below, will process that make above-mentioned dome type structure of the present invention be described.

At first, a plurality of main wall components 10 of each of four walls of formation is disposed in corresponding position.

Here, the lower end of main wall components 10 is fixed to floor or ground, perhaps is embedded in floor or below ground to fix main wall components 10 more firmly.

When finishing as described above when arranging main wall components 10, angle wall components 20 is arranged on bight between the main wall components 10, therefore, finish the outline of dome type structure, described outline setting is passed in hole 5.

Here, main wall components 10 and angle wall components 20 at first connect by zigzag copulational protuberance 10a on the both side surface that is formed on main wall components 10 and the joint that is formed between the zigzag copulational protuberance 20a on the both side surface of angle wall components 20.Then, under above state, main wall components 10 utilizes the fastening unit (for example, screw bolt and nut) that separates to be permanently connected with angle wall components 20.

Then, centre ceiling parts 30 are connected to hole 5, therefore finish dome type structure of the present invention.

In order to protect the outer wall of dome type structure, according to 1mm or (preferably, be the outer wall that 0.5~1.5mm) thickness is applied to outer wall reinforcement material 40 (for example, pottery or plaster) dome type structure greatlyyer.

As substituting of the outer wall reinforcement material 40 of the outer wall that is applied to dome type structure, imbed the outer wall that cancellated outer wall reinforcement material 42 is used to strengthen dome type structure that has in the main wall components 10.

In order to change the size of dome type structure, main wall components 10, angle wall components 20 and being connected of centre ceiling parts 30 are released, then, also provide the extra main wall components 10 that is required with the space that occupies desired region, and extra main wall components 10 fits together with existing parts 10,20 and 30.Therefore, can make up new rectangle dome type structure simply and fastly.

As mentioned above, each parts of dome type structure of the present invention are all suitably made, and only by using a spot of manpower and equipment just can assemble simply in construction site.Then, therefore complete step, finishes dome type structure.

Applicability on the industry

Be clear that from the above description, the main wall components of the part of dome type structure of the present invention by will forming four walls and ceiling and the angle wall components assembling that forms the angle are finished, described main wall components, ceiling and angle wall components are manufactured separately, thereby assembled simply and fastly and decomposition, therefore, be constructed to simple and easy factory or dormitory apace.

In addition, because the change of the quantity of main wall components, so elongation of the length of the wall of dome type structure and shortening, dome type structure can change the size of inner space, thereby economical and have various structures, therefore, provide multiple factory and the dormitory of making things convenient for various interior spaces.

In addition, dome type structure has the excellent structural performance of spread loads equably, thereby can reduce the weight of the various load support unit of framework.

Claims (12)

1. dome type structure comprises:
Main wall components, form the part of four walls and ceiling, each main wall components is provided with lower end and upper end, the lower end is fixed to ground or is embedded to underground along each of four direction, the upper end is according to the central bend of dome shape towards the top of described structure, so that two edges of the upper end of adjacent main wall components contact with each other;
The angle wall components is arranged on the place, four angles of the described structure between the adjacent main wall components, so forms the dome type angle,
The centre ceiling parts, sealing is by connecting the hole that main wall components is formed on the ceiling place, so that the centre ceiling parts contact the upper surface of main wall components, the centre ceiling parts have the shape of rectangular slab,
Wherein, main wall components and angle wall components contact with each other and removably assembling each other, main wall components and centre ceiling parts contact with each other and removably assembling each other, make by main wall components, the size of the inner space that angle wall components and centre ceiling parts limit is by using other main wall components and other centre ceiling parts, and with main wall components, the angle wall components, the centre ceiling parts, main wall components in addition and other centre ceiling parts are connected to each other and change
When the inner space is expanded, the sidepiece of the centre ceiling parts of the sidepiece of the centre ceiling parts of rectangular plate shape and other rectangular plate shape contact with each other and each other removably the assembling, and the described main wall components corresponding with the sidepiece of described contact be disassembled and be removed corresponding to the corresponding described angle wall components of the described main wall components of the described sidepiece that contacts.
2. dome type structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein, the centre ceiling parts comprise housing and the transparency window that is installed in the housing.
3. dome type structure as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein, each angle wall components comprises first jiao of wall components and second jiao of wall components of the paired setting with same structure, described first jiao of wall components and second jiao of wall components are separated from each other by center line.
4. dome type structure as claimed in claim 3, wherein, described first jiao of wall components and second jiao of wall components form one with adjacent main wall components respectively.
5. dome type structure as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein, a plurality of main wall components are arranged along the wall direction of correspondence.
6. dome type structure as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein, aperture of door passes any one main wall components and forms, and the door that can be opened and closed is connected to described aperture of door.
7. dome type structure as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein, fenestra passes any one main wall components and forms, and the window that can be opened and closed is connected to described fenestra.
8. dome type structure as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein, on each of the side surface of main wall components and angle wall components, form the zigzag copulational protuberance, so that the zigzag copulational protuberance joint of the zigzag copulational protuberance of each of the side surface of winner's wall components and the side surface of a corresponding angle wall components.
9. dome type structure as claimed in claim 1 or 2 also comprises the outer wall reinforcement material of the outer wall surface that is used to strengthen main wall components.
10. dome type structure as claimed in claim 9, wherein, the outer wall reinforcement material is to be applied to pottery or plaster on the outer wall surface of main wall components according to appointed thickness.
11. dome type structure as claimed in claim 10, wherein, the thickness of outer wall reinforcement material is in the scope of 0.5~1.5mm.
12. dome type structure as claimed in claim 9, wherein, the outer wall reinforcement material is the net of imbedding in the main wall components with network.
CN2007800482784A 2006-12-26 2007-12-17 Dome type structure CN101605945B (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020060133326A KR100751224B1 (en) 2006-12-26 2006-12-26 Easy extension method for dome shape construction
KR1020060133326 2006-12-26
KR10-2006-0133326 2006-12-26
PCT/KR2007/006587 WO2008078894A1 (en) 2006-12-26 2007-12-17 Dome type structure

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101605945A CN101605945A (en) 2009-12-16
CN101605945B true CN101605945B (en) 2011-11-30

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ID=38012207

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2007800482784A CN101605945B (en) 2006-12-26 2007-12-17 Dome type structure

Country Status (5)

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US (1) US20100313490A1 (en)
JP (1) JP5005040B2 (en)
KR (1) KR100751224B1 (en)
CN (1) CN101605945B (en)
WO (1) WO2008078894A1 (en)

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CN101605945A (en) 2009-12-16
JP5005040B2 (en) 2012-08-22
KR20070011210A (en) 2007-01-24
WO2008078894A1 (en) 2008-07-03
KR100751224B1 (en) 2007-08-23
JP2010512477A (en) 2010-04-22

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