CN101601410A - Tourmaline plant growth promoter - Google Patents

Tourmaline plant growth promoter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101601410A
CN101601410A CN 200910164597 CN200910164597A CN101601410A CN 101601410 A CN101601410 A CN 101601410A CN 200910164597 CN200910164597 CN 200910164597 CN 200910164597 A CN200910164597 A CN 200910164597A CN 101601410 A CN101601410 A CN 101601410A
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tourmaline
plant growth
agriculture
chitosan
growth promoter
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CN 200910164597
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Chinese (zh)
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刘艳萍
申太文
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申太文
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Abstract

The invention relates to a tourmaline plant growth promoter and aims to provide the tourmaline plant growth promoter (microelement fertilizer) meeting organic agriculture or green agriculture. The promoter does not contain any chemical substance forbidden by the organic agriculture or the green agriculture. The promoter (microelement fertilizer) has the characteristics of safety, broad-spectrum insect prevention, strong roots and seeds, durable growth promotion and the like. The tourmaline plant growth promoter is prepared by mixing tourmaline fine powder, food-grade chitosan or chitosan oligosaccharide and auxiliary materials. The tourmaline plant growth promoter has the advantages of: making full of tourmaline resources, particularly the tourmaline resources with less value and low grade; providing the efficient and safe plant growth promoter (microelement fertilizer) for the organic agriculture or the green agriculture; and improving the competitiveness of agricultural products.

Description

电气石植物生长促进剂 Tourmaline plant growth promoter

技术领域 FIELD

本发明属于生物工程及农业肥料领域,涉及一种可促使植物提高发芽率、促进植物生长发育并增产增收的电气石植物生长促进剂。 The invention belongs to the field of biological engineering and agricultural fertilizers, it relates to a plant can contribute to improve the germination rate and promote plant growth and development and to increase production of tourmaline plant growth promoter. 背景技术 Background technique

开放的中国为其农产品进入国际市场提供了良好的机遇,但国际上十分重视农产品的安全问题,例如农药残留问题。 Open China provides a good opportunity for agricultural products to enter the international market, but the international community attaches great importance to the safety of agricultural products, such as pesticide residues.

世界各国,特别是发达国家对农药残留问题高度重视,对各种农副产品中农药残留都规定了越来越严格的限量标准。 Countries around the world, especially the developed countries attach great importance to pesticide residues, pesticide residues in agricultural products of all kinds are increasingly stringent regulations limits. 许多国家以农药残留限量为技术壁垒,限制他国农产品进口,以保护本国农业生产。 Many countries pesticide residue limits for technical barriers to restrict imports of other countries of agricultural products to protect domestic agricultural production.

我国农产品多数都存在一定程度的农药残留问题,这已成为影响出口创汇的最大制约因素。 Most of our agricultural products there is a certain degree of pesticide residues, which has become the biggest constraints affecting export earnings. 由于农药残留超标,引起外国拒收,退货、扣留、索赔、撤消 Due to excessive pesticide residues, causing foreign reject, return, detention, claims, undo

合问等事件经常发生,仅1997年一年就达74亿美元,给我国农产品生产者造成 Q and other events that occur frequently together, only a year in 1997 to $ 7.4 billion, caused our country to agricultural producers

很大损失,并影响了我国农产品的形象。 Great losses, and affect the image of China's agricultural products. (http:〃www.cqagri.gov.cn/detail.asp7publD=67172&page=24) (Http: 〃www.cqagri.gov.cn / detail.asp7publD = 67172 & page = 24)

冃前公知的植物生长促进剂或微肥都多少含有人工合成化合物,大多数不能用于绿色农业,更不能用于有机农业。 Mao prior known fertilizer or plant growth promoting agent containing the synthetic compounds are many, most of the green agriculture can not be used, but not for organic farming.

电气石(TOURMALINE)作为天然非金属矿物质,允许作为有机农业的投入物。 Tourmaline (TOURMALINE) as a natural non-metallic minerals, organic farming allowed as inputs.

电气石作为地质构造运动而形成的一种矿藏,遍布全球,在其特殊功能被发现以前,甚少引人注目,仅少量炫彩异目者跻身低档宝石,如碧玺(避邪)就是一种电气石,大量非宝石级的电气石、低品位的电气石并未开采甚至未发现。 One kind of mineral tourmaline as tectonic movements formed all over the world, before its special features are found, very little attention, only a small number of different projects were among the colorful low-grade gems such as tourmaline (evil) is a kind of electric stone, a large number of non-gem tourmaline, low-grade mining tourmaline not even found.

上世纪八十年代始,电气石的特殊功能逐渐受到人们的重视,巳开发出化妆品、空气净化、红外保健、防辐射等一系列实用产品,其所需电气石均来自高品位矿藏。 The beginning of the 1980's, special features tourmaline gradually attention has been paid, had developed a cosmetics, air purification, infrared health care, radiation and a series of practical products, the required tourmaline comes from high-grade deposits. 低品位矿粉因提纯十分困难,至今没有得到有效的应用。 Low-grade ore purification very difficult because so far not been effectively applied.

专利检索发现,仅中国有关电气石的专利就达五百多项,但在农业上的应用则极少,李献等人在ZL01113963.3中将电气石、麦饭石、沸石、白云岩、钾长石、方解石等磨细至0.2微米,加水搅拌、整形并在摄氏500 — 700度下烧制10 小时成硬质砂砾或小球状,这种状态显然不便于多种方式施用,电气石也难以发挥其特殊功能。 Patent search found that only about China tourmaline reached initiated more than 500 patents, but in agriculture applications is minimal, Li Xian, who will be in ZL01113963.3 tourmaline, medical stone, zeolite, dolomite, ground feldspar, calcite to 0.2 microns, mixing with water and shaping 500 ° C - 700 ° fired at 10 hours into a hard gravel or small globular, this state is clearly not easy to be administered in various ways, also tourmaline difficult to play its special features.

卢宗柳等人在ZL200610021331.9中则是利用低品位的电气石作硼源制备电气石硼肥,过程中所用到或产生的氢氟酸有剧毒,显然其产品难以用于有机农业或绿色农业。 Liu et al., Lu were ZL200610021331.9 the tourmaline is of low grade for the preparation of the boron source boron tourmaline, hydrofluoric acid used in the process are highly toxic or produce, which is obviously difficult to use organic farming products or agricultural green .

3开发电气石特别是低品位电气石用于有机农业或绿色农业是电气石应用的 3 development of low-grade tourmaline tourmaline especially for organic farming or agriculture is green tourmaline applications

又一重要领域。 Another important area.

壳聚糖是甲壳质经脱乙酰反应后的产物,壳寡糖则是壳聚糖进一步降解的产物,它们都具有多种优异的生理功能,特别是壳寡糖。 Chitosan is the product of chitin deacetylation reaction, chitosan is chitosan oligosaccharide further degradation products, which are excellent in a variety of physiological functions, particular chitosan oligosaccharide. 它们能提高机体的免疫能力和抗癌能力,改善肠道微生物的区系分布,刺激有益菌的生长,还可作为植物功能调节剂,刺激植物生长,增强植物对病虫害的防御能力(《寡聚糖类物质生理活性的研究》,中国生化药物杂志,1997)。 They can improve the body's immunity and cancer-fighting ability, improve the distribution of intestinal microbial flora and stimulate the growth of beneficial bacteria, can also function as a plant regulator, to stimulate plant growth, increased plant defenses against pests ( "oligo activity of carbohydrate physiology, "Chinese Journal of biochemical Pharmaceutics, 1997). 因此,对它的研究及开发利用,具有十分重要的意义。 Therefore, its research and development and utilization of great importance. 发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的在于提供一种符合有机农业或绿色农业的电气石植物生长促进剂(微肥),它不含有机农业或绿色农业禁止投入的任何化学物质,该促迸剂(微肥)具有安全、广谱防虫、壮根壮苗、持久促进生长等特点。 Object of the present invention is to provide a plant line with organic farming or green tourmaline agriculture growth promoters (fertilizer), it does not contain any chemical substance or organic agriculture green agriculture prohibition inputs, the promoting agent Beng (fertilizer) having safe, broad-spectrum pest control, strong root seedlings, promote lasting growth and so on. 为实现上述目的,本发明所采用的技术方案是: To achieve the above object, the technical solution employed in the present invention:

所述电气石植物生长促进剂由电气石微粉、食品级壳聚糖或壳寡糖和辅料混和而成。 The plant growth promoter tourmaline mixture of tourmaline powder, food grade chitosan or chitosan oligosaccharide and excipients together.

所述电气石微粉、食品级壳聚糖或壳寡糖按体积计依次是:90 — 100份,0 — The tourmaline powder, food grade chitosan or chitosan oligosaccharide followed by volume: 90 - 100 parts, 0 -

io份。 io copies.

所述辅料是制作包衣种子或拌种或施种肥或喷施叶面肥或灌芯时所需的可用于有机农业或绿色农业的辅助材料,它可以包括分散剂、成膜剂、天然淀粉、 草木灰、腐殖酸、细土粉、膨润土等一种或几种。 It may be required when the materials are used to produce a seed coating or seed dressing or applied to fertilizer or foliar spraying or irrigation agriculture or core material of an organic auxiliary green agriculture, which may include dispersing agents, film formers, natural one or more of starch, ash, humic acid, fine clay powder, bentonite and the like.

所述电气石微粉是300—3000目的干粉或纳米级的浆料。 The object of the tourmaline powder is a dry powder or nanoscale 300-3000 slurry. 所述食品级壳聚糖或壳寡糖是天然蟹虾壳经脱乙酰的降解产物。 The food-grade chitosan Chitosan is a natural crab or shrimp shells by deacetylation of degradation products. 本发明的有益效果是:充分利用电气石资源,特别是价值不大的低品位电气 The advantages are: full use of tourmaline resources, especially low-grade electrical little value

石资源,为有机农业或绿色农业提供一种高效、安全的植物生长促进剂(微肥), Stone resources to provide an efficient or green agriculture to organic agriculture, security of plant growth-promoting agent (fertilizer),

提高农产品的竞争力。 Improve the competitiveness of agricultural products.

下面结合实施例对本发明作进一步说明。 Below in connection with embodiments of the present invention will be further described.

实施例h按体积计,分别取90份电气石粉,IO份壳寡糖,辅料是马铃薯淀粉(糊化)、细土粉,适量。 Example h by volume, 90 parts of electrical powder were taken, the IO Oligochitosan parts, materials are potato starch (gelatinized), fine clay powder, amount. 设实验组、对照组各含大豆50粒。 Provided the experimental group, control group and soy 50. 实验组包衣,对照组不处理。 Coating the experimental group, control group was not treated. 下种后10日结果如下: 10 days after planting results are as follows:

<table>table see original document page 4</column></row> <table> <Table> table see original document page 4 </ column> </ row> <table>

[1]实验结束前两天,人为造成干旱环境,检验耐旱性,折弯株数越少越耐旱。 [1] two days before the end of the experiment, man-made arid environment, drought tolerance test, the fewer number of trees bending drought.

实验组平均株高比对照组平均株高高了14毫米。 The experimental group than the control group, the average height of the high average height of 14 mm. 实施例2:按体积计,分别取95份电气石粉,5份壳聚糖,无辅料,设实验组、 对照组各含青储玉米14粒。 Example 2: by volume, 95 parts were taken tourmaline powder, 5 parts of chitosan, without accessories, provided the experimental group and control group 14 containing corn silage. 实验组作种肥(种子置于微肥上),对照组不处理。 Experiment fertilizer as seed (seed placed on fertilizer), control group was not treated. 下种后10日结果如下: After planting the 10th were as follows:

<table>table see original document page 5</column></row> <table> <Table> table see original document page 5 </ column> </ row> <table>

实验组平均株高比对照组平均株高高了4. 87厘米。 The experimental group than the control group, the average height of the high average height of 4.87 cm.

Claims (2)

1、一种电气石植物生长促进剂,由电气石微粉、食品级壳聚糖或壳寡糖和辅料混和而成,其特征在于: (1)所述电气石微粉、食品级壳聚糖或壳寡糖按体积计依次是:90-100份,0-10份; (2)所述辅料是制作包衣种子或拌种或施种肥或喷施叶面肥或灌芯时所需的可用于有机农业或绿色农业的辅助材料,它可以包括分散剂、成膜剂、天然淀粉、草木灰、腐殖酸、细土粉、膨润土等一种或几种。 A plant growth promoter tourmaline, the tourmaline powder, food grade chitosan or chitosan oligosaccharide and the adjuvant mixed together, wherein: (1) the tourmaline powder, food grade chitosan or chitooligosaccharides by volume are: 90-100 parts, 0-10 parts; (2) the excipient is needed to construct or seed dressing or coating applied types of fertilizer or foliar spraying or grouted organic auxiliary materials can be used in agriculture or green agriculture, which may include dispersing agents, film formers, native starch, ash, humic acid, fine clay powder, bentonite, one or several.
2、 根据权利要求l所述的电气石植物生长促进剂,其特征在于:(1)电气石微粉是300—3000目的干粉或纳米级的浆料;(2)所述食品级壳聚糖或壳寡糖是天然蟹虾壳经脱乙酰的降解产物。 2, the l tourmaline plant growth-promoting agent according to claim, characterized in that: (1) 300-3000 object of tourmaline powder is a dry powder or a slurry nanoscale; (2) the food-grade chitosan or chitosan is a natural crab, shrimp deacetylation degradation products.
CN 200910164597 2009-07-17 2009-07-17 Tourmaline plant growth promoter CN101601410A (en)

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Cited By (11)

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CN101857478A (en) * 2010-06-02 2010-10-13 许小丽 Nanometer trace element nutrient solution for house plant
WO2013044208A3 (en) * 2011-09-23 2014-05-15 Novozymes Bioag A/S Chitooligosaccharides and methods for use in enhancing plant growth
CN103819268A (en) * 2014-02-17 2014-05-28 江西理工大学 Composite mineral substance organic basic fertilizer, preparation method and applications thereof
US8946119B2 (en) 2011-09-23 2015-02-03 Novozymes Bioag A/S Chitooligosaccharides and methods for use in enhancing soybean growth
US8992653B2 (en) 2011-09-08 2015-03-31 Novozymes Bioag A/S Seed treatment methods and compositions
US9055747B2 (en) 2011-09-23 2015-06-16 Novozymes Bioag A/S Chitooligosaccharides and methods for use in enhancing corn growth
CN104782670A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-07-22 山东省农作物种质资源中心 Corn seed treatment agent
CN105347926A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-02-24 绥化市凯华农业科技有限公司 Preparation method for microbial organic soil bactericidal and insecticidal warming conditioning agent
US9554575B2 (en) 2011-09-23 2017-01-31 Novozymes Bioag A/S Combinations of lipo-chitooligosaccharides and methods for use in enhancing plant growth
CN106576871A (en) * 2016-12-31 2017-04-26 界首市菁华科技信息咨询服务有限公司 Planting method for selenium-rich cucumber
CN106665087A (en) * 2016-12-31 2017-05-17 界首市菁华科技信息咨询服务有限公司 Planting method for selenium-enriched eggplants

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101857478A (en) * 2010-06-02 2010-10-13 许小丽 Nanometer trace element nutrient solution for house plant
US8992653B2 (en) 2011-09-08 2015-03-31 Novozymes Bioag A/S Seed treatment methods and compositions
US10239798B2 (en) 2011-09-08 2019-03-26 Novozymes Bioag A/S Seed treatment methods and compositions
CN104066322B (en) * 2011-09-23 2017-07-04 诺维信生物农业公司 Chitosan oligosaccharide and method for strengthening plant growth
US8946119B2 (en) 2011-09-23 2015-02-03 Novozymes Bioag A/S Chitooligosaccharides and methods for use in enhancing soybean growth
US10206396B2 (en) 2011-09-23 2019-02-19 Novozymes Bioag A/S Agricultural compositions comprising chitin oligomers
US9055747B2 (en) 2011-09-23 2015-06-16 Novozymes Bioag A/S Chitooligosaccharides and methods for use in enhancing corn growth
US9055746B2 (en) 2011-09-23 2015-06-16 Novozymes Bioag A/S Chitooligosaccharides and methods for use in enhancing plant growth
US10188104B2 (en) 2011-09-23 2019-01-29 Novozymes Bioag A/S Combinations of lipo-chitooligosaccharides and methods for use in enhancing plant growth
RU2564844C1 (en) * 2011-09-23 2015-10-10 Новозимс Биоаг А/С Chitooligosaccharides and methods of application thereof for intensification of plant growth
WO2013044208A3 (en) * 2011-09-23 2014-05-15 Novozymes Bioag A/S Chitooligosaccharides and methods for use in enhancing plant growth
US9414592B2 (en) 2011-09-23 2016-08-16 Novozymes Bioag A/S Chitooligosaccharides and methods for use in enhancing plant growth
US9414591B2 (en) 2011-09-23 2016-08-16 Novozymes Bioag A/S Chitooligosaccharides and methods for use in enhancing corn growth
US9554575B2 (en) 2011-09-23 2017-01-31 Novozymes Bioag A/S Combinations of lipo-chitooligosaccharides and methods for use in enhancing plant growth
EP3335556A1 (en) * 2011-09-23 2018-06-20 Novozymes Bioag A/S Use of chitooligosaccharides in a method for enhancing plant growth
CN104066322A (en) * 2011-09-23 2014-09-24 诺维信生物农业公司 Chitooligosaccharides and methods for use in enhancing plant growth
CN103819268A (en) * 2014-02-17 2014-05-28 江西理工大学 Composite mineral substance organic basic fertilizer, preparation method and applications thereof
CN104782670A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-07-22 山东省农作物种质资源中心 Corn seed treatment agent
CN105347926A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-02-24 绥化市凯华农业科技有限公司 Preparation method for microbial organic soil bactericidal and insecticidal warming conditioning agent
CN106665087A (en) * 2016-12-31 2017-05-17 界首市菁华科技信息咨询服务有限公司 Planting method for selenium-enriched eggplants
CN106576871A (en) * 2016-12-31 2017-04-26 界首市菁华科技信息咨询服务有限公司 Planting method for selenium-rich cucumber

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