CN101596740B - Socket type pore-forming mold, socket type pore-forming device and method for preparing porous brick thereof - Google Patents

Socket type pore-forming mold, socket type pore-forming device and method for preparing porous brick thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101596740B
CN101596740B CN2009103043830A CN200910304383A CN101596740B CN 101596740 B CN101596740 B CN 101596740B CN 2009103043830 A CN2009103043830 A CN 2009103043830A CN 200910304383 A CN200910304383 A CN 200910304383A CN 101596740 B CN101596740 B CN 101596740B
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China
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forming
pore
link
hole
type
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CN101596740A (en
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甘昌成
甘露
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Liuzhou Huan wave building materials Co., Ltd.
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甘昌成
甘露
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Abstract

The invention discloses a socket type pore-forming mold, a socket type pore-forming device and a method for preparing a porous brick thereof. The socket type pore-forming mold comprises an upper mold and a lower mold; the upper mold is formed by arranging a plurality of inserting rod cross-beams provided with pore-forming inserting rods; the pore-forming inserting rods are distributed below the inserting rod cross-beams in rows; an inserting hole plate which corresponds to the pore-forming inserting rods below the inserting rod cross-beams; both ends of the inserting rod cross-beams are assembled through assembling bodies; and guide devices are arranged between the inserting rod cross-beams and the assembling bodies. The socket type pore-forming device comprises the socket type pore-forming mold; the lower mold is two rails; the assembling bodies at both ends of the inserting rod cross-beams are placed on the two rails of the lower mold respectively; and a ramming mechanism, a vibration mechanism and a drawing mechanism are arranged above the upper mold respectively. The socket type pore-forming mold, the socket type pore-forming device and the method for preparing the porous brick thereof ensure that porous brick products thereof are more diversified, and can also ensure intact pore shapes and beautiful products.

Description

The preparation method of socket type pore-forming mold, socket type pore-forming and device and porous brick thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of equipment and technology thereof of making building brick, particularly a kind of socket type pore-forming mold, socket type pore-forming, and applied socket formula hole-forming device, and adopt socket formula hole-forming device to prepare the method for porous brick.
Background technology
The building energy conservation measure mainly is inside and outside construction wall, to add heat-insulation layer at present, reaches the purpose that reduces the indoor and outdoor exchange heat through increasing thermal resistance, makes that building is cool in summer and warm in winter, thereby practices thrift the corresponding energy, for example cold, the employed electric energy of heating installation.In compulsory standard is listed building energy conservation by China.Inside and outside body of wall, add the method for heat-insulation layer, cost is high, and workload is big.Best power-economizing method is an insulation ability of utilizing materials for wall self, and this just requires to improve the technology content of materials for wall building energy conservation.For reaching above-mentioned requirements, fired brick class and coagulating cement great soil group materials for wall are all towards from solid to hollow at present, and from the macropore to the aperture, to porous, the direction from low hollow rate to high hollow rate develops from few hole.But existing hole creating technology is not ideal enough, generally can only do big and few hole, can not do little and many hole.
Existing hole creating technology is according to the difference of pore-forming principle, and its forming hole method has two kinds: 1. extrude hole forming method: material receives reamer to be squeezed to the machine mouth, and passing the core tool becomes hollow mud bar, cuts into hollow brick blank again; 2. release hole forming method: adopt the mould of belt carcass tool, for example, adopt the structure of upper and lower mould; Patrix has the core tool, and counterdie is used to hold material, and material falls into the mould of belt carcass tool; After pressurization and vibration is closely knit, dropped on the supporting plate, become hollow brick or building-block by the pressure head release.1. method requires material that very high plasticity is arranged, and is used for the adobe pore-forming of sintered clay hollow brick now more.2. method then is applicable to the dry non-plastic raw material, and available coagulation soil building-block and concrete hollow block all adopt this forming hole method.
Under the situation of same hollow rate; 1. method or 2. method all can only do big and few hole; Because " wall " between " rib " between goods hole and the hole and outer round and the product edges all will be done thicklyer, just can bear mechanical presses power or pushing force in the pore forming process.When the hole diminishes, the quantity in hole becomes for a long time, the rib of hollw article and the attenuation of wall certainty; In the extruding force of 1. method or 2. under the pushing force effect of method, the goods easy deformation, break, not only the pore-forming resistance heightens; Percent defective also improves greatly, even can not produce qualified product.
And because preparation facilities and process technology limit, 1. method only is applicable to the hollow brick pore-forming of plastic clay material, is not suitable for the concrete material pore-forming; And 2. method only is suitable for the pore-forming of dry concrete material, like concrete hollow block and building-block, is not suitable for the pore-forming of plastic clay hollow brick and plastic concrete material; When actual production, can bring inconvenience like this.
In addition, 2. concrete hollow block, the building-block produced of method, in use its Masonry Wall face is easy to crack, becomes construction wall and splits the common quality defect that oozes, and also being influences one of its fast-developing key factor behind the forbidding solid clay brick.This common fault easy to crack; Being that its material characteristic and moulding pore-forming process are not enough determines; Because the 2. only suitable dry concrete material of method pore-forming, so just there is the contradiction between required the exerting pressure of liquefaction degree, compaction rate and moulding of material in the pore forming process.Improve the packing of material, will increase substantially applied pressure, this is not only high to the requirement of pore-forming equipment manufactured materials and technology, and energy consumption increases the production efficiency reduction.China's existing 2. method product exists exciting force not enough morely, and briquetting pressure is not enough, thereby makes the packing of goods not enough, and impervious anti-crack ability is relatively poor, and this is the major reason of body of wall easy of crack.
And the goods that adopt the aperture thin-walled have excellent serviceability, because Kong Xiaobi is thin, thermal resistance of products increases greatly under the situation of same hollow rate, has effectively improved the thermal insulation building power saving function of goods; On the other hand, because the hole is little, hole and rib are even in the goods cross-sectional distribution; Thereby make the goods cross section stressed evenly; Under the situation of same hollow rate, also effectively improved the shearing resistance anti-crack ability of body of wall, common quality defect is oozed in splitting that effectively prevention or minimizing novel wall material occur easily.Therefore, aperture, porous are the directions of novel energy-conserving hollow wall material development.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide and a kind ofly can under the situation of same hollow rate, can make socket type pore-forming mold, socket type pore-forming littler, more porous and device thereof, with and prepare the method for porous brick.
The technical scheme that the present invention is adopted for its technical problem of solution is:
Socket type pore-forming mold, socket type pore-forming; Comprise patrix and counterdie; Said patrix is arranged by some inserted link crossbeams that are provided with the pore-forming inserted link and is formed, and said pore-forming inserted link in a row is distributed in inserted link crossbeam below, and said inserted link crossbeam below is provided with the female receptacle corresponding with the pore-forming inserted link; Said some inserted link crossbeams two ends are loaded on together through collecting dress body collection, and the inserted link crossbeam is provided with guider with collecting to adorn between the body.
Further; Said pore-forming inserted link comprises A, Type B inserted link, and said A type inserted link is arranged at inserted link crossbeam below, and the inserted link crossbeam is provided with vertical through hole; Each through hole is arranged between the adjacent A type inserted link; Said Type B inserted link is logical to be loaded in the through hole, and the pole cap that prevents that it from coming off from the through hole below is equipped with in its upper end, and the bottom is provided with the bar shoulder that prevents that it breaks away from from the through hole top.
Socket formula hole-forming device comprises socket type pore-forming mold, socket type pore-forming, and said counterdie is two tracks, and the dress body that collects at said inserted link crossbeam two ends is held on respectively on two tracks of counterdie, and said patrix top is respectively equipped with to ram beats mechanism, vibrating mechanism and drawing mechanism.
As the further improvement of such scheme, some patrixes are arranged in order and through adorning body and the synthetic pore-forming unit of locking bar fixation group collecting of two ends, are shelved with some pore-formings unit on the counterdie successively; Said counterdie top is provided with the modified gear of conversion pore-forming cell position; Said rammer is beaten the top, pore-forming unit that mechanism is arranged at the counterdie front side, and said drawing mechanism is arranged to ram beats the mechanism rear; Said vibrating mechanism is arranged at the top, pore-forming unit at modified gear middle part.
Beating mechanism as the said rammer of further improvement of such scheme comprises and A, the corresponding A of Type B inserted link, Type B rammer pressing plate; It is rake shape that the A type rams the pressing plate bottom; The position of corresponding inserted link crossbeam top, rake lower end non through hole; It is the plane that Type B rams the pressing plate bottom, and said A, Type B ram pressing plate and be set up in parallel in inserted link crossbeam top.
As the further improvement of such scheme, said rammer is beaten mechanism and is connected with walking mechanism, and said walking mechanism comprises ratchet, ratchet, sour jujube bar and ratchet impact bar; Said sour jujube bar is arranged at locking bar top; Said ratchet is arranged at the ratchet eccentric position, and ratchet is positioned at sour jujube bar top, and said impact bar connects to ram beats mechanism; Said ratchet correspondence is arranged at the impact bar below; Its top is provided with the breach that supplies impact bar to impact, and on ratchet, is provided with resetting-mechanism, and walking mechanism is connected with the walking locator of the each shift length of restriction walking mechanism.
A kind of preparation method of porous brick adopts above-mentioned socket formula hole-forming device, and it may further comprise the steps:
The material that 1, will prepare porous brick is layed between the counterdie;
2, the pore-forming unit is shelved on the counterdie, adopts rammer to beat mechanism and successively inserted link crossbeam rammer is beaten to lowest order, make the pore-forming inserted link of each socket bar crossbeam below insert the degree of depth that material reaches to be needed;
3, will be through the material vibratory compaction after step 2 is handled;
4, adopt drawing mechanism to extract successively to highest order, make the pore-forming inserted link separate with the semi-finished product of material preparation through the inserted link crossbeam after step 2,3 is handled;
5, the semi-finished product of step 4 preparation are cut open, obtained porous brick.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, owing to adopt the mould of socket formula, the inserted link crossbeam of band pore-forming inserted link can several rows of insertion material, and the pore-forming resistance is little, and power consumption is little; Production efficiency is high, under the situation of identical hollow rate, can be made into littler, more hole; And inserted link and crossbeam through different size can change the shape in hole and arranged evenly easily, make the more variation of its porous brick goods; And, can also guarantee that hole shape is complete, product is attractive in appearance.
2, socket formula hole-forming device can be realized continuous production, makes production efficiency improve greatly.
3, the hole of its porous brick goods and rib are more evenly distributed on the goods face; Thereby make the goods cross section stressed evenly; Improved the stressed resistance to compression shear resistance of masonry panel; Improve the anti-crack ability of body of wall, also improved the thermal and insulating performance of goods greatly, met the requirement of national building energy conservation policy.
4, the adaptability to material is wider, and the present invention both had been suitable for concrete materials, is suitable for clay pledge material again, no matter be used for which kind of material, its quality of item all obviously improves than the quality of item of existing forming hole method.
5, the present invention adopts the inductile concrete material, and material liquefies easily, under the vibration effect, just can liquefy, and adopt the socket hole forming method, need not apply mechanical pressure to material.Therefore the advantage of this method pore-forming is fairly obvious: power consumption is little, and production efficiency is high, because material fully liquefies, the packing of goods is high, and the impervious anti-crack ability of goods and body of wall all is enhanced.
In sum, the present invention has not only obtained very big technological progress on forming hole method technology but also on properties of product, and the present invention has made full use of the advantage of material liquefaction; Adopt the socket hole forming method; Not only the pore-forming resistance is little, and power consumption is little, and production efficiency is high; And can make littler more hole, improved the thermal insulation building power saving function of product greatly; Because the material compacting degree is high, the impervious anti-crack ability of product strengthens greatly, and shear resistance is enhanced, thereby effectively improves the body of wall common quality defect easy to crack that cement concrete product is built by laying bricks or stones, promotes the raising of construction quality; The present invention is no matter be the process of pore-forming or the function of use of product, and technology content all improves greatly, and will promote the technological progress and the fast development of cement concrete hollw article.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing and the specific embodiment the present invention is described further:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of patrix;
Fig. 2 is the A place enlarged drawing of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of walking mechanism;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of locking bar;
Structural representation when Fig. 5 does not insert material for inserted link;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation that A type inserted link inserts material;
Fig. 7 inserts the structural representation of material for the Type B inserted link;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of drawing mechanism;
Fig. 9 is the A-A face sectional view of Fig. 8;
Figure 10 is the B-B face sectional view of Fig. 8;
Figure 11 is the running sketch map of drawing mechanism;
Figure 12 is the running sketch map of inversion mechanism.
The specific embodiment
Socket type pore-forming mold, socket type pore-forming of the present invention comprises patrix 1 and counterdie 2, with reference to Fig. 1~Fig. 2; Said patrix 1 is arranged by some inserted link crossbeams 13 that are provided with pore-forming inserted link 12 and is formed, and said pore-forming inserted link 12 in a row is distributed in inserted link crossbeam 13 belows, and said inserted link crossbeam 13 belows are provided with the female receptacle 14 corresponding with pore-forming inserted link 12; Said some inserted link crossbeams 13 two ends are loaded on together through collecting dress body 15 collection, and inserted link crossbeam 13 is provided with guider 16 with collecting to adorn between the body 15, wherein; The structure that guider 16 can adopt conduit and guide rod to work in coordination; Be that conduit and guide rod are installed in inserted link crossbeam 13 respectively and collect on the dress body 15, leader casing is loaded in the conduit, like this when work; The motion of inserted link crossbeam 13 just is restricted to and can only have guaranteed that the direction of motion of inserted link crossbeam 13 is correct towards the above-below direction motion of conduit and guide rod.The present invention adopts the inserted link crossbeam 13 of band pore-forming inserted link 12, and the pore-forming resistance is little, and power consumption is little; Production efficiency is high, identical hollow rate situation under, can be made into littler, more hole; And the inserted link crossbeam 13 through different size can change the arranged evenly of hole easily, makes its porous brick goods more diversified; And can guarantee that hole shape is complete, product is attractive in appearance.
Wherein, Preferably below said patrix 1 outermost inserted link crossbeam 13, be provided with septated hole inserted link 18, the diameter of septated hole inserted link 18 can be provided with lessly, when after jack is accomplished, separating material like this; The aperture that septated hole inserted link 18 produces will help cutting apart of material; Simultaneously form ripple glazes, both increased the aesthetic feeling of goods, when helping building by laying bricks or stones again and the mortar interlock in four sides of brick body.
And, said inserted link crossbeam 13 and collect dress and be provided with the high-order positioner 19 of crossbeam between the body 15, the high-order positioner 19 of crossbeam can guarantee can be owing to deadweight falls when inserted link crossbeam 13 is positioned at highest order; Its implementation is a lot, for example, can adopt the clip of flexible folder mouth; And cooperate the rod member that is provided with the summary concave portion to realize; They can be installed in inserted link crossbeam 13 respectively and collect on the dress body 15, and when inserted link crossbeam 13 rose to highest order, the summary concave portion of rod member was grasped by the folder mouth of clip; The high-order positioner 19 of crossbeam just can be fixed inserted link crossbeam 13, prevents inserted link crossbeam 13 because the gravity effect is fallen voluntarily; Need insert following time when inserted link crossbeam 13, following rammer is beaten mechanism 3 and is impacted on the crossbeam 13, because percussion, inserted link crossbeam 13 will break away from the high-order positioner 19 of crossbeam and quilt is beaten to lowest order.
The patrix 1 that invention is adopted can inject material by rows with pore-forming inserted link 12 and extract and pore-forming; The resistance that when pore-forming, produces like this is little; Help producing, and, because it injects continuously by rows and carries out; Body also order is progressive, can offer convenience for producing continuously.
The shape in porous brick hole and size, and the distribution in hole, the appearance design decision by product for example can be circular port, prolate shape hole, also the hole of other shapes.When the preparation porous brick, the shape in hole is then determined by the shape of pore-forming inserted link 12.According to the requirement of porous brick design pore size distribution, on female receptacle 14, located the position in each hole, more preferably embodiment is arranged for the row's of getting shape, and adjacent two rows' hole is interlaced, is cellular.The arrangement mode that other also can be arranged.The top of female receptacle 14 each round corresponding an inserted link crossbeam 13, inserted link crossbeam 13 is connected with female receptacle 14 through the guider 16 at two ends.The corresponding pore-forming inserted link 12 in each hole, female receptacle 14 is passed in pore-forming inserted link 12 bottoms, is positioned in the hole, and top is installed on the position of inserted link crossbeam 13 correspondences.Inserted link crossbeam 13 can move up and down through guider 16.Each root inserted link crossbeam 13 drive one is lined up hole inserted link 12 and is moved up and down, and accomplishes the action of pulling out and inserting.When inserted link crossbeam 13 arrives highest orders, by the spring-positioning device that is positioned at two ends, the conduit outside crossbeam and inserted link are fixed on a high position, prevent since the gravity effect and sagging, at this moment the bar point of pore-forming inserted link 12 lower ends just in time is hidden in the female receptacle 14.
The present invention also provides socket formula hole-forming device; Comprise above-mentioned socket type pore-forming mold, socket type pore-forming; Wherein, said counterdie 2 adopts the structure of two tracks, is used to lay the material for preparing porous brick between two tracks; But the width between two rails meets the modulus of goods length or width by the once number decision of pore-forming goods; On two tracks that are held on counterdie 2 respectively at said inserted link crossbeam 13 two ends; Said patrix 1 top is respectively equipped with inserted link crossbeam 13 rammed to beat to the rammer of lowest order and beats mechanism 3, inserted link crossbeam 13 is pulled out the drawing mechanism to highest order, reaches the vibrating mechanism 5 of vibratory compaction material.
As preferred implementation of the present invention, some patrixes 1 are arranged in order and through adorning body 15 and the synthetic pore-forming unit 11 of locking bar 17 fixation group collecting of two ends, are shelved with some pore-formings unit 11 on the counterdie 2 successively; Said counterdie 2 tops are provided with the modified gear 6 of 11 positions, conversion pore-forming unit, can pore-forming unit 11 be transported to the operating position like this, realize producing continuously.Said rammer is beaten the top that mechanism 3 is arranged at patrix 1, and said drawing mechanism is provided with ramming and beats mechanism 3 rears, and is preferred, can be arranged to ram and beat mechanism 3 outsides, and can be installed on to ram and beat on the frame of mechanism 3, beats mechanism 3 with rammer and moves forward.Be provided with vibrating mechanism 5 at the hole-forming device middle part, preferred, vibrating mechanism 5 can be installed on the frame of modified gear 6; Can do elevating movement like this, and with 6 reaches of displacement mechanism, the distance of pore-forming unit 11 width that move forward at every turn; The material of inserted link is fully liquefied, make it more closely knit.
Each patrix 1 once can only prepare several porous bricks of row, in a preferred embodiment, for enhancing productivity, realizes producing continuously; Adopt locking bar 17 that the patrix 1 that plurality of rows is listed in together is fixing, be combined into pore-forming unit 11, therefore, single patrix 1 also can be described as the pore-forming monomer; A plurality of pore-forming monomers are arranged and are formed a pore-forming unit 11, when the preparation porous brick, are the unit of preparation with pore-forming unit 11; A plurality of pore-formings unit 11 can be set on the track, ram and to beat 3 pairs in mechanism and be positioned at the anterior pore-forming unit 11 of hole-forming device and ram dozen, thereby material is carried out jack; After rammer was played processing, its position in hole-forming device displacement moving process, pore-forming unit 11 of accomplishing jack became the middle part of aperture apparatus gradually, at this moment again through vibrating mechanism 5 material handlings; Vibration force passes to pore-forming inserted link 12 through inserted link crossbeam 13, thereby material is carried out jolt ramming, more preferably; Vibration is carried out jolt ramming with pore-forming unit 11 for each unit, and each unit approximately only needs 10-20 second, and material is promptly by vibratory compaction; Pore-forming unit 11 pulls up inserted link crossbeam 13 through drawing mechanism after the jolt ramming material again, thus with the feed separation of its processing; Shifting one's position in pore-forming unit 11 after modified gear 6 is accomplished dead man, moves to ram and beat the not material place of pore-forming, mechanism 3 fronts, arrives the station of next round pore-forming.It is exactly inserted link, jolt ramming, dead man three steps action that the present invention adopts the pore forming process of this optimal way, and this three steps action is what to carry out simultaneously in different pore-forming unit 11 respectively, so production can be carried out incessantly.
With reference to Fig. 3~Fig. 4, as preferred implementation of the present invention, said walking mechanism 8 with locking bar 17 as the walking track; Its walking drive disk assembly comprises ratchet 81, ratchet 82, sour jujube bar 83, and walking locator 84 and ratchet impact bar 85, and sour jujube bar 83 can directly be arranged at locking bar 17 tops; Ratchet 82 is arranged at ratchet 81 eccentric positions, and its portion of grabbing is positioned at sour jujube bar 83 tops, and said impact bar 85 connects to ram beats mechanism 3; Said ratchet 81 correspondences are arranged at impact bar 85 belows; Its top is provided with the breach that supplies impact bar 85 to impact, and in addition, walking mechanism 8 is connected with the walking locator 84 of restriction walking mechanism 8 each shift lengths; Beat mechanism 3 when moving to the shift position when ramming, impact bar 85 falls, and ratchet 81 receives the impact of impact bar 85, drives ratchet 82 displacement backward, and ratchet 82 displacement backward receives 83 restrictions of sour jujube bar, forces rammer to beat mechanism's 3 integral body distance of an inserted link crossbeam 13 of displacement forward; In addition, also resetting-mechanism 811 can be set on the ratchet 81, after impact bar 85 impacted ratchet 81 at every turn, ratchet 81 was just driven by resetting-mechanism and is returned to original position, waits for action next time, and for example, resetting-mechanism can adopt spring to realize; The effect of walking locator 84 is to guarantee walking mechanism 8 each distances that move inserted link crossbeam 13 width; It can carry out spacing the realization through structures such as rod members, when walking mechanism 8 moves certain distance, and walking locator 84 ends conflict inserted link crossbeam 13 or miscellaneous part; Thereby restriction walking mechanism 8 continues to move; Wherein, walking locator 84 ends can also be provided with elastic construction, and impulsive force is excessive when preventing to conflict.
The same hole inserted link 12 of lining up of patrix 1 can be beaten mechanism's 3 disposable impacting in the insertion material by ramming, and also can successively be impacted at twice by two rammer pressing plates and insert in the material.When inserting at twice, the inserted link that successively inserts is two two adjacent, the insertion of separation.When once plugging, mechanism relatively simple for structure; Plug at twice, then resistance is less, and hole quality is higher.With reference to Fig. 5,, improve hole quality in order further to reduce the pore-forming resistance; The present invention preferably adopts every socket bar 12 twice plug method; Wherein, said pore-forming inserted link 12 comprises A type inserted link 121, Type B inserted link 122, and A type inserted link 121 is shorter; Be arranged at inserted link crossbeam 13 belows, can be directly installed on inserted link crossbeam 13 bottoms; Type B inserted link 122 is longer, can on inserted link crossbeam 13, be provided with vertical through hole 131, Type B inserted link 122 logical being loaded in the through hole 131; Make it pass inserted link crossbeam 13; Fixing in inserted link crossbeam 13, can move up and down, and be equipped with in the top and prevent the pole cap 123 that comes off from through hole 131 belows; The bottom is provided with the bar shoulder 124 that prevents the disengaging from through hole 131 tops, relies on pole cap 123 and bar shoulder 124 in inserted link crossbeam 13, to locate in the certain limit.As shown in Figure 1 accordingly; Said rammer is beaten mechanism 3 and is comprised that the A type rams pressing plate 31, Type B rams pressing plate 32; It is rake shape that the A type rams pressing plate 31 bottoms; The position of rake lower end corresponding inserted link crossbeam 13 top non through hole 131, it is the plane that Type B rams pressing plate 32 bottoms, said A type rams pressing plate 31, Type B rams pressing plate 32 and is set up in parallel in inserted link crossbeam 13 tops.When work, the bottom is that the A type rammer pressing plate 31 of rake shape at first impacts on inserted link crossbeam 13, with inserted link crossbeam 13 pressed downward, drives A type inserted link 121 and down inserts in the material; Like Fig. 6, because Type B inserted link 122 runs through on inserted link crossbeam 13, it is again rake shape that the A type rams pressing plate 31 bottoms, does not act on the Type B inserted link 122 so the A type rams the active force of pressing plate 31.When A type inserted link 121 times was slotting, Type B inserted link 122 still in position; Like Fig. 7, A type inserted link 121 inserts after the material, and the A type rams pressing plate 31 to begin to rise; Rise to certain altitude, ram and play mechanism's 3 displacements, after the displacement; The A type rams pressing plate 31 and aims at next root crossbeam 13, and Type B rams 32 of pressing plates and aims at the crossbeam 13 that A type rammer pressing plate 31 had just impacted, and begins to impact Type B inserted link 122 so Type B rams pressing plate 32; Type B rams the bottom of pressing plate 32 and then puts down, and all contacts with Type B inserted link 122 simultaneously, and Type B inserted link 122 is squeezed in the material by disposable; Begin to contact inserted link crossbeam 13 when Type B rams pressing plate 32 bottoms, when the upper boom point of Type B inserted link 122 flushed with inserted link crossbeam 13 end faces, the lower beam point of Type B inserted link 122 also just in time flushed with the lower beam point of A type bar; So just, accomplished whole inserted link action.
Ram pressing plate 32 at Type B and accomplish after the impacting of Type B inserted link 122, walking mechanism 8 is activated displacement once more, rams be shifted the again distance of adjacent two round center lines of press mechanism 3, has realized thus impacting continuously, produces continuously.A pore-forming unit 11 is accomplished after the jack action, and pore-forming inserted link 12 all rests in the material, at this moment can be through vibrating mechanism 5 vibration materials.Behind the material vibratory compaction, can begin the dead man action.Dead man of the present invention is for carrying out by rows, and in above-mentioned embodiment, the action of the dead man of each socket bar crossbeam 13 is also carried out at twice: the action of gradation dead man is successively accomplished by inserted link crossbeam 13 through the design of inserted link crossbeam 13 with pore-forming inserted link 12.Rising when pulling out, inserted link crossbeam 13 two ends are driven by drawing mechanism, because A type inserted link 121 is directly installed on the inserted link crossbeam 13; After 13 startings of inserted link crossbeam, A type inserted link 121 just rises thereupon and pulls out, and at this moment 122 of Type B inserted links are in the state that does not stress; In the through hole 131 of inserted link crossbeam 13, slide, behind the segment distance that slides, the pole cap 123 of Type B inserted link 122 upper ends is blocked by inserted link crossbeam 13; At this moment Type B inserted link 122 just begins to be risen to pull out, and has so just reached twice purpose of pulling out.
With reference to Fig. 8~Figure 10, as optimal way, the drawing motion of mechanism drives by ramming press mechanism 3; Said drawing mechanism comprises pull bar 41, and pull bar 41 is fixed on the lateral surface that is contained in the slide block 411 in the chute 42, and slide block 411 upper ends are connected with steel wire rope 43; Steel wire rope 43 is through connecting dead man slide block 461 after fixed pulley 44,45 break-ins; Dead man 46 is fixed in the lateral surface of slide block 461, and slide block 461 is contained in the chute 42, in dead man slide block 461 lower ends back-moving spring 47 is housed; Said dead man 46 is positioned at the below of inserted link crossbeam 13 when working, said pull bar 41 is positioned at the top that presses down inserted link crossbeam 13 when working; Said steel wire rope 43 and fixed pulley 44,45 are installed in the protective sleeve 48.When work, pull bar 41, dead man 46 move up and down along chute 42, and pull bar 41 is connected through steel wire rope 43 with dead man 46, and through fixed pulley 44,45 break-ins.Ram and beat mechanism 3 when carrying out the inserted link action, accomplish the dead man action simultaneously through driving drawing mechanism.Drawing mechanism is installed on to ram and beats on the frame of mechanism 3, is positioned at two outsides of ramming pressing plate 31,32, rams pressing plate 32 by Type B and drives.The pull bar 41 of drawing mechanism is positioned at the below that Type B rams pressing plate 32, but is positioned at the top of inserted link crossbeam 13, rams pressing plate 32 reaches with Type B.During work, the A type rams pressing plate 31 is about to inserted link crossbeam 13 earlier and is depressed into lowest order, the A type ram pressing plate 31 rise surpass the end face of the inserted link crossbeam 13 that does not impact after, ram and beat mechanism 3 and drawing mechanism shifts forward simultaneously.A type rammer pressing plate 31 is aimed at next root and is waited for the crossbeam 13 that impacts after the displacement, and Type B rams pressing plate 32 and pull bar 41 faces the crossbeam 13 that A type rammer pressing plate 31 had just impacted.Type B rams in the pressing plate 32 descending processes, presses down two ends pull bar 41, and it is up that pull bar 41 pullings have been in the dead man 46 that pulls out the two ends, position; Drive the inserted link crossbeam 13 that dead man is aimed at, after the action of completion dead man, Type B rams pressing plate 32 rising backhauls; The power that pull bar 41 presses down is removed; Because the effect of back-moving spring 47, dead man 46 pulling pull bars 41 reset, the dead man action of beginning next round.
With reference to Figure 11, when producing, the inserted link of pore forming process, vibration, the action of dead man three parts are carried out simultaneously, and after pore forming process was accomplished, the displacement of pore-forming unit 11 was also carried out simultaneously.In order to realize continuous production; Also in order to guarantee that the product behind the pore-forming avoids vibration interference; The distance of the preferred said pore-forming unit 11 that just between the unit 10 of inserted link and the unit 10 that vibrating, is being separated by, the distance of the said unit that is vibrating 10 and the pore-forming unit 11 that just between the unit 10 of dead man, is being separated by.With reference to Figure 12, other cooperates modified gear 6, dead man is moved completed pore-forming unit 11 carry out displacement, moves to ram the new station that pore-forming is treated in the press mechanism front.Modified gear 6 is made up of elevating mechanism 61 and translation mechanism 62, and both are alternately in running order.Wherein, elevating mechanism 61 can be cooperated structures such as steel wire rope and assembly pulley to form by power moving device, and it can be sling pore-forming unit 11; Go up and down, during elevating mechanism 61 work, two 10 1 of indexing application units are rising; One is being fallen, and up-down is simultaneously, like this; Utilize two gravitational equilibrium principles that pore-forming unit 11 grades are heavy, both reduced the power consumption of displacement, improved operating efficiency again; The unit 10 that descends is laid on the track 2, arrives new station; After the unit 10 that rises arrives peak, admit, move to the top of new station, fall and the gravity balance unit that rises with next indexing application unit 10 recompositions by translation mechanism 62.Translation mechanism 62 is used for the pore-forming unit of slinging 11 is carried out translation to shift one's position, and it can adopt universal machine, for example can adopt parts such as electric hoist or hydraulic cylinder to form; Translation mechanism 62 begins indexing application unit 10 forward translation the time; Also walk the forward distance of pore-forming unit 11 width of modified gear 6; Fill up the room of the pore-forming unit 11 that has just been lifted by crane, therefore, the mode that the present invention can adopt 7 pore-forming unit 11 to form; Wherein any time has 5 pore-forming unit 11 in running order, and 2 pore-forming unit 11 are in the displacement state.
The present invention also provides a kind of preparation method of porous brick, and it adopts socket formula hole-forming device of the present invention, may further comprise the steps:
Step 1, the material that will prepare porous brick are layed between the counterdie 2;
Step 2, pore-forming unit 11 is shelved on the counterdie 2, adopts to ram and beat mechanism 3 and inserted link crossbeam 13 is rammed beat successively to lowest order, make the pore-forming inserted link 12 insertion materials of each socket bar crossbeam 13 below reach need the degree of depth;
Step 3, employing vibrator 5 will inject the material vibratory compaction of inserted link 12;
Step 4, employing drawing mechanism will extract to highest order through the inserted link crossbeam 13 after step 2,3 is handled successively, make pore-forming inserted link 12 separate with the semi-finished product of material preparation;
Step 5, the semi-finished product of step 4 preparation are cut open, obtained porous brick.
Hollow brick with the common brick standard brick type of producing 240 * 115 * 53mm is an example below, specifically describes implementation process of the present invention.
The standard brick type of 240 * 115 * 53mm is a China tradition brick type, and this brick is light and handy, convenient building, flexibly, and it is rich and varied to build pattern by laying bricks or stones, a kind of brick type of accepting extensively, generally like for building industry.Use from Qin brick and Han tile and to go through test in thousands of years so far and contain for a long time and do not wane, it is extremely wide therefore to make its market prospects of honeycomb porous bricks with this brick type.The hollow brick of this brick type not also in the market, with existing forming hole method 1. method or 2. method all can not produce this desirable brick type hollw article, forming hole method of the present invention then can be realized.Every heavy 3.3kg of the concrete solid brick of this brick type, every heavy 2.5kg of clay solid brick, every of the honeycomb porous bricks that this method is produced only weigh 1.8? .4kg, meet high-strength light multifunctional novel materials for wall developing direction fully.
For certain hollow rate, certain brick face, row's number in hole is many more, Kong Yuexiao.For example, be example with the circular port, when hollow rate is 35% left and right sides, the brick face for 240 * 115, when hole row number when 5 rows are increased to 13 rows, the diameter in hole will be decreased to 6mm from 16mm, hole count increases to 332 holes from 48 holes.But Kong Yuexiao, hole row's number increases, and the production difficulty also strengthens.Circular port with 5 rounds describes earlier.
But set once 13 standard bricks of pore-forming of patrix 1.Brick is long to arrangement on 2 on two tracks, and promptly the length direction of brick is the width of two tracks 2.The width of considering between two bricks cutting seam is 4mm, and the inner distance of 2 on two tracks is 3168mm so, and medial surface should be perpendicular to the ground when two tracks 2 were installed, and installs and want firmly.Two tracks 2 are answered a joint one compositions that save land, and joint is grown the width of desirable pore-forming unit 11.Time and internode are installed are left a fixed gap, can play the vibration isolation effect, but must not influence mechanism's walking.The height of track is looked product height and is decided.In the present invention, two tracks 2 play three effects greatly: 1, the track of modified gear 6 walkings; 2, the bearing shelved of patrix 1 two ends; 3, goods are played the effect of big mould.
The long 3168mm of pore-forming main part of patrix 1 is made up of female receptacle 14 and pore-forming inserted link 12 and inserted link crossbeam 13 etc.Main part is divided 13 joints, and every joint length is 244mm, is equivalent to the width that a brick length adds saw kerf.Each joint 5 rounds at identical position arrangement, every joint 48 holes.Each internode has septated hole in the width arrangement of brick, so that cutting.Regulate the size of septated hole as required, can after cutting, stay ripple glaze in the side of brick, improve the adhesion strength of mortar when wiping one's face after helping building by laying bricks or stones and building by laying bricks or stones.The monomer two ends are that two chain-wales collect dress body 15, and some auxiliaries of monomer are installed.Shelve in orbit at the monomer two ends.The monomer total length is 3468mm, and width then has only 119mm, gets the width and the kerf width sum of a common brick.
Several patrixes 1 are tightened together at two ends with locking bar 17, promptly obtain a pore-forming unit 11.Patrix 1 number that pore-forming unit 11 is suitable, and pore-forming unit 11 numbers of the complete machine of forming can realize producing continuously being advisable to satisfy, and also will satisfy simultaneously to have become goods and at the vibration isolation needs of length between the goods that shake.Set each pore-forming unit 11 at present and be made up of 8 patrixes 1, full machine is made up of 7 pore-forming unit 11.So, the width of each pore-forming unit 11 is 952mm, and length still is 3468mm.The effect of locking bar 17 is formed except patrix 1 is tightened together the pore-forming unit 11, also has two other important effect: 1. ram and beat mechanism 3 and need on patrix 1, walk, locking bar 17 plays rammer simultaneously and beats mechanism 3 tracks of walking; 2. pore-forming unit 11 needs displacement after accomplishing the pore-forming action, arrives new station, the hoisting mechanism when locking bar can be 11 displacements of pore-forming unit.
Each patrix 1 once can be accomplished the pore-forming of 13 goods, and each goods is 5 rounds, so each patrix 1 is provided with 6 socket bars, and wherein a row is the septated hole inserted link 18 between goods and the goods, diameter 6mm, and other 5 row's goods pore-forming inserted link diameters are 16mm.Each goods 5 rows 48 holes, totally 48 * 13=624 root goods pore-forming inserted link 12 on each monomer divides 5 rows to arrange, and wherein 3 rows are long row, and 2 rows are short row.Every socket bar is 10 * 13=130 root among the long row, and every row is 9 * 13=117 root among the short row.
8 monomers in a unit totally 40 are lined up hole inserted link 12 and 8 row's septated hole inserted links 18.Ram the rammer speed of beating beat mechanism 3 and be set at 0.75 second once, 48 line up hole inserted link 12 and the 18 rammer times of beating were 36 seconds.Production is carried out continuously, just can produce 13 * 8=104 piece standard hollow brick in promptly per 36 seconds.
In order further to reduce the pore-forming resistance, improve hole quality, this machine adopts twice plug method of every socket bar, its connect-disconnect structure and pluggable mode such as noted earlier.
The pore-forming inserted link 12 of a pore-forming unit 11 is accomplished after the jack action, and pore-forming inserted link 12 all rests in the material, at this moment can be through vibrating mechanism 5 vibration materials; Material is fully liquefied, and more closely knit, vibration is a unit with each pore-forming unit 11; Can adopt a big or small identical oscillating flat plate of the pore-forming main body area with pore-forming unit 11 to be shelved on the crossbeam, vibrator is set on the flat board, vibration is passed to inserted link crossbeam 13 through flat board; Pass to pore-forming inserted link 12 again, pass to material then.Each pore-forming unit 11 approximately only needs 10-20 second, and material is promptly by vibratory compaction.
Behind the material vibratory compaction, can begin the dead man action.Dead man also is to carry out by rows through drawing mechanism to inserted link crossbeam 13, and as previously mentioned, the action of the dead man of each socket bar crossbeam 13 is also carried out at twice, and twice dead man action successively accomplished through inserted link crossbeam 13 successively.
The present invention is on direction of advance, and the inserted link of hole-forming device pore forming process, vibration, the action of dead man three parts are carried out simultaneously.After pore forming process was accomplished, pore-forming unit 11 carried out displacement through modified gear 6, and its displacement is also carried out simultaneously.In order to realize continuous production, also in order to guarantee that the product behind the pore-forming avoids vibration interference, the present invention can be by 11 combinations of 7 pore-forming unit, and wherein any time has 5 pore-forming unit 11 in running order, and 2 pore-forming unit 11 are in the displacement state.That is will in 72 seconds, accomplish when requiring 11 displacements of each pore-forming unit, all there is a pore-forming unit 11 to arrive new station in per 36 seconds on the body direction of advance.
After the goods sclerosis, need carry out vertical and horizontal cutting to the goods of 2 on two tracks, separate into the goods individuality.Can adopt cutting machine on two tracks 2, to walk, regulate the saw point, it is fitted with the interorbital ground distance mutually.If once plastic m the multiple products of patrix 1, then this cutting machine should have m-1 to open saw blade.The position of saw blade is exactly the position of separating between two goods, and saw blade faces septated hole, cuts along septated hole.After cutting machine was walked to go in orbit, vertically cutting was accomplished; In addition, adopt another cutting machine that the product of pore-forming unit 11 preparations is carried out transverse cuts.Vertically cutting and transverse cuts can be carried out simultaneously, after cutting is accomplished, just can obtain the porous brick that needs.
The present invention is on goods face of the same area, and it is littler to make single hole, more hole.On the brick face of 240 * 115mm, existing forming hole method 1. method can only be done 20 holes of 3 rows, and hollow rate is 27.5%, and there is distortion in each hole more in the finished product process, very irregular.And can make 5 rows and the above hole of 5 rows with forming hole method of the present invention.For example, when the aperture is 16mm, can make 48 holes of 5 rows, hollow rate is 35%; When the aperture is 12mm, can make 88 holes of 7 rows, hollow rate is 36%, and inserted link crossbeam 13 is carried out appropriate reconstruction, can also make littler hole, and product is in the finished product process, and hole shape is complete, and product is attractive in appearance.
It is thus clear that the present invention has not only obtained very big technological progress on forming hole method technology but also on properties of product, the present invention has made full use of the advantage of pore shaping object feed liquidization; Adopt the socket hole forming method; Not only the pore-forming resistance is little, and power consumption is little, and production efficiency is high; And can make littler more hole, improved the thermal insulation building power saving function of product greatly; Because the material compacting degree is high, the impervious anti-crack ability of product strengthens greatly, and shear resistance is enhanced, thereby can effectively control the body of wall common quality defect easy to crack that the cement concrete product materials for wall is built by laying bricks or stones, promotes the raising of construction quality; The present invention is no matter be the process of pore-forming or the serviceability of product, and technology content all improves greatly, and will promote the technological progress and the fast development of cement concrete hollw article.

Claims (8)

1. socket type pore-forming mold, socket type pore-forming; Comprise patrix (1) and counterdie (2); It is characterized in that: said patrix (1) is arranged by some inserted link crossbeams (13) that are provided with pore-forming inserted link (12) and is formed; Said pore-forming inserted link (12) in a row is distributed in inserted link crossbeam (13) below; Said inserted link crossbeam (13) below is provided with the female receptacle (14) corresponding with pore-forming inserted link (12), and said some inserted link crossbeams (13) two ends are adorned body (15) and collected and be loaded on together through collect, inserted link crossbeam (13) and collect to adorn between the body (15) and be provided with guider (16); Said pore-forming inserted link (12) comprises A, Type B inserted link (121,122); Said A type inserted link (121) is arranged at inserted link crossbeam (13) below; Inserted link crossbeam (13) is provided with vertical through hole (131); Each through hole (131) is arranged between the adjacent A type inserted link (121); Said Type B inserted link (122) is logical to be loaded in the through hole (131), and the pole cap (123) that prevents that it from coming off from through hole (131) below is equipped with in its upper end, and the bottom is provided with the bar shoulder (124) that prevents that it breaks away from from through hole (131) top.
2. socket type pore-forming mold, socket type pore-forming according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the outermost inserted link crossbeam of said patrix (1) (13) below is provided with septated hole inserted link (18).
3. socket type pore-forming mold, socket type pore-forming according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said inserted link crossbeam (13) and collect and be provided with the high-order positioner (19) of crossbeam between dress body (15).
4. socket formula hole-forming device; It is characterized in that: comprise any described socket type pore-forming mold, socket type pore-forming of claim in the claim 1 ~ 3; Said counterdie (2) is two tracks; The dress body (15) that collects at said inserted link crossbeam (13) two ends is held on respectively on two tracks of counterdie (2), and said patrix (1) top is respectively equipped with to ram beats mechanism (3), vibrating mechanism (5) and drawing mechanism; Some patrixes (1) are arranged in order and through adorning body (15) and the synthetic pore-forming unit (11) of locking bar (17) fixation group collecting of two ends, are shelved with some pore-formings unit (11) on the counterdie (2) successively; Said counterdie (2) top is provided with the modified gear (6) of position, conversion pore-forming unit (11), and said modified gear (6) is by the elevating mechanism (61) that can sling pore-forming unit (11) and go up and down and can the translation mechanism (62) that translation is carried out in pore-forming unit (11) be formed; Said rammer is beaten the top, pore-forming unit (11) that mechanism (3) is arranged at counterdie (2) front side, and said drawing mechanism is arranged to ram beats mechanism (3) rear; Said vibrating mechanism (5) is arranged at the top, pore-forming unit (11) at modified gear (6) middle part.
5. socket formula hole-forming device according to claim 4; It is characterized in that: said rammer is beaten mechanism (3) and is comprised and A, the corresponding A of Type B inserted link (121,122), Type B rammer pressing plate (31,32); It is rake shape that the A type rams pressing plate (31) bottom; It is the plane that pressing plate (32) bottom is rammed in the position of the corresponding inserted link crossbeam in rake lower end (13) top non through hole (131), Type B, and said A, Type B ram pressing plate (31,32) and be set up in parallel in inserted link crossbeam (13) top.
6. socket formula hole-forming device according to claim 5; It is characterized in that: said rammer is beaten mechanism (3) and is connected with walking mechanism (8); Said walking mechanism (8) comprises ratchet (81), ratchet (82), sour jujube bar (83) and ratchet impact bar (85), and said sour jujube bar (83) is arranged at locking bar (17) top, and said ratchet (82) is arranged at ratchet (81) eccentric position; Ratchet (82) is positioned at sour jujube bar (83) top; Said impact bar (85) connects to ram beats mechanism (3), and said ratchet (81) correspondence is arranged at impact bar (85) below, and its top is provided with the breach that supplies impact bar (85) to impact; On ratchet (81), be provided with resetting-mechanism (811), walking mechanism (8) is connected with the walking locator (84) of the each shift length of restriction walking mechanism (8).
7. socket formula hole-forming device according to claim 4; It is characterized in that: said rammer is beaten the drawing mechanism that is in transmission connection of mechanism (3); Said drawing mechanism comprises with Type B rams the pull bar (41) that pressing plate (32) is in transmission connection; Pull bar (41) is fixed on the pull bar slide block (411), and said pull bar slide block (411) is arranged in the chute (421) in socket formula hole-forming device the place ahead, and its upper end is connected with steel wire rope (43); Steel wire rope (43) the dead man slide block (461) in the chute (422) that is arranged at socket formula hole-forming device rear that connect to slide after through fixed pulley (44,45) break-in; Be fixed with dead man (46) on the said dead man slide block (461), back-moving spring (47) is equipped with in its lower end, and said dead man (46) is arranged at inserted link crossbeam (13) below of counterdie (2) both sides; Said steel wire rope (43) and fixed pulley (44,45) are installed in the protective sleeve (48).
8. method of utilizing the said socket formula of claim 4 hole-forming device to prepare porous brick is characterized in that may further comprise the steps:
Step 1, the material that will prepare porous brick are layed between the counterdie (2) of socket formula hole-forming device;
Step 2, pore-forming unit (11) are shelved on the counterdie (2), adopt to ram and beat mechanism (3) and inserted link crossbeam (13) is rammed beat successively to lowest order, make pore-forming inserted link (12) insert below each socket bar crossbeam (13) expect to reach need the degree of depth;
Step 3, will be through the material vibratory compaction after step 2 is handled;
Step 4, employing drawing mechanism will extract to highest order through the inserted link crossbeam (13) after step 3 is handled successively, make pore-forming inserted link (12) separate with the semi-finished product of material preparation;
Step 5, the semi-finished product of step 4 preparation are cut open, obtained porous brick.
CN2009103043830A 2009-07-15 2009-07-15 Socket type pore-forming mold, socket type pore-forming device and method for preparing porous brick thereof Expired - Fee Related CN101596740B (en)

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CN102555040B (en) * 2011-12-16 2015-02-04 黄立兵 Die for making porous bricks by using mud and method for forming porous bricks by using die
CN103612322B (en) * 2013-10-16 2015-12-09 甘昌成 Divide the automated manufacturing method of type pore-forming mold, socket type pore-forming and device and porous brick thereof
CN109554975A (en) * 2018-05-31 2019-04-02 姬永生 Cast-in-place guide hole pervious concrete and its preparation facilities and technique
CN112060280A (en) * 2020-09-19 2020-12-11 张承林 Sand lime brick and processing method and processing system thereof

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