CN101586891A - Regenerative generation-absorption system and high temperature second absorption heat pump - Google Patents

Regenerative generation-absorption system and high temperature second absorption heat pump Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101586891A
CN101586891A CNA2009101475882A CN200910147588A CN101586891A CN 101586891 A CN101586891 A CN 101586891A CN A2009101475882 A CNA2009101475882 A CN A2009101475882A CN 200910147588 A CN200910147588 A CN 200910147588A CN 101586891 A CN101586891 A CN 101586891A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
solution
absorber
generator
pipeline
evaporimeter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CNA2009101475882A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101586891B (en
Inventor
李华玉
Original Assignee
李华玉
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CNA200910019611XA priority Critical patent/CN101504217A/en
Priority to CN200910019611.X priority
Application filed by 李华玉 filed Critical 李华玉
Priority to CN2009101475882A priority patent/CN101586891B/en
Publication of CN101586891A publication Critical patent/CN101586891A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101586891B publication Critical patent/CN101586891B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B30/00Heat pumps
    • F25B30/04Heat pumps of the sorption type
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B15/00Sorption machines, plant, or systems, operating continuously, e.g. absorption type
    • F25B15/008Sorption machines, plant, or systems, operating continuously, e.g. absorption type with multi-stage operation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/27Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/62Absorption based systems

Abstract

A regenerative generation-absorption system and a high temperature second absorption heat pump belong to technical field of a heat pump. Aiming at the system of a generator and an absorber, the second absorber, a flash evaporator and a second solution heat exchanger, a second solution pump or/and a third solution pump are led, or connection between the generator and the absorber through the solution pump and the solution heat exchanger is changed into connection between the absorber and the flash evaporator, connection between the flash evaporator and the second absorber through the second solution pump and the second solution heat exchanger, and then connection between the second absorber and the absorber through the second solution heat exchanger and the third solution pump, or the flash evaporator is connected with the second absorber through the second solution pump and the second solution heat exchanger, and connected with the absorber through the second solution heat exchanger. The second absorber is connected with outside through a refrigerant steam line, and a heated medium pipeline. The flash evaporator is connected with outside through the refrigerant steam line. The absorber absorbs refrigerant steam to supply heat for outside and heat the solution, and the solution releases refrigerant steam through the flash evaporator. The concentrated solution enters into the second absorber to absorb refrigerant steam to supply heat. Relative high temperature second absorption heat pump is obtained with other parts.

Description

Regenerative generation-absorption system and type II high-temperature absorption heat pump
Technical field:
The invention belongs to low temperature exhaust heat utilization and technical field of heat pumps.
Background technology:
Adopt the absorption heat pump technology to carry out UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN and have reasonable energy-saving and environmental protection and economic benefit, its prerequisite is that heat pump can rise to heat more than the level of user's request from waste heat supply temperature.Promote the heat supply temperature of heat pump, the utilization rate of utilizing the residual heat resources of low temperature more and improving residual heat resources is the main direction that people make great efforts.
For heat supply temperature and the performance index that makes absorption heat pump is improved, people had obtained the unit of different effect numbers and different progression before this by research, adopt to increase heat supply end, increase that methods such as heat supply flow process carry out different heat pump flowsheets compoundly obtain more careful effect number and progression, their correspondences corresponding performance index.But, the unit of these single effect numbers or single progression all exists certain deficiency mostly---and the single effect number that each is concrete or the unit of progression are just worked as at having proper working parameters and performance index under the specific situation, such as a single two-stage unit, its heat supply temperature height but performance index is low.
From the unit internal process, the key that improves the second class absorption heat pump heat supply temperature is to improve the solution concentration of absorber outlet, just will improve the solution concentration of generator exports.The backheat principle is applied to the generation-absorption process of solution, sets up regenerative generation-absorption system, combine based on this and with the source pump of different effect numbers, different progression, can improve the heat supply temperature of corresponding unit; Simultaneously, adopt backheat also can realize the two ends or the multiterminal heat supply of second class absorption heat pump, this is useful for the performance index that improves unit.
Summary of the invention:
Main purpose of the present invention is at first to provide solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system and solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system, on these two kinds of regenerative generation-absorption system, increase different members then, obtain having second class absorption heat pump of high-temperature heat supply end---be type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
Regenerative generation-absorption system among the present invention is such: the concentrated solution pipeline is arranged through solution pump at what be applied to second class absorption heat pump by generator, solution heat exchanger is communicated with absorber, absorber has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with generator through solution heat exchanger, also have surplus heat respectively medium or drive thermal medium pipeline and external communications and refrigerant vapour pipeline and external communications are arranged of generator, absorber also has heated medium pipeline and external communications respectively and refrigerant vapour pipeline and the formed generation-absorption system of external communications is arranged, or introducing flash vessel, second absorber, second solution pump, the 3rd solution pump and second solution heat exchanger, and adopt solution series to circulate---generator there is the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump, solution heat exchanger connection absorber changes generator into has the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump, solution heat exchanger is communicated with absorber and flash vessel successively, flash vessel is established the concentrated solution pipeline again through second solution pump, second solution heat exchanger is communicated with second absorber and second absorber has the weak solution pipeline again through second solution heat exchanger, the 3rd solution pump is communicated with absorber, absorber, second absorber has the refrigerant vapour pipeline respectively and heated medium pipeline and external communications is arranged, generator, flash vessel has refrigerant vapour pipeline and external communications respectively, waste heat medium or drive weak solution that thermal medium adds heater and discharge behind the refrigerant vapour concentrated solution and flow through and enter flash vessel again after the vaporization of absorber heat absorbing part and discharge refrigerant vapour, concentrated solution after concentration further improves from flash vessel through second solution pump, second solution heat exchanger enters second absorber and absorbs from the outer refrigerant vapour of system and emit the demand for heat that elevated temperature heat satisfies the heated medium second stage, solution after concentration reduces is through second solution heat exchanger, the 3rd solution pump enters the absorber absorption and also heats the solution of the absorber of flowing through and satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I from the outer refrigerant vapour of system, solution after concentration further reduces is got back to generator through solution heat exchanger and is heated and discharges refrigerant vapour, obtains solution series and loops back hot type generation-absorption system; Or introducing flash vessel, second absorber, second solution pump and second solution heat exchanger, and employing solution independent loops---flash vessel has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with second absorber through second solution pump with second solution heat exchanger, second absorber has weak solution to be communicated with absorber and flash vessel successively through second solution heat exchanger again, absorber, second absorber has the refrigerant vapour pipeline respectively and heated medium pipeline and external communications is arranged, generator, flash vessel has refrigerant vapour pipeline and external communications respectively, the waste heat medium or drive weak solution that thermal medium adds heater and discharge refrigerant vapour after concentrated solution enter absorber, absorption is also heated the solution of the absorber of flowing through and is satisfied the demand for heat of heated medium phase I from the outer refrigerant vapour of system, the absorber weak solution is got back to generator through solution heat exchanger again, flow through and enter flash vessel again after the solution heat absorbing part vaporization of absorber and discharge refrigerant vapour, concentrated solution after concentration further improves from flash vessel through second solution pump, second solution heat exchanger enters second absorber and absorbs from the outer refrigerant vapour of system and emit the demand for heat that elevated temperature heat satisfies the heated medium second stage, solution after concentration reduces enters flash vessel after second solution heat exchanger is flowed through the absorber heat absorption, obtain solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system; When absorber did not have heated medium pipeline and external communications, the heat that absorber absorption refrigerant vapour is emitted only was used to heat the solution of the absorber of flowing through.
The outer cryogen steam heat release of absorber system is in the solution of the absorber of flowing through, in second a concrete and complete kind absorption type unit, refrigerant vapour and solution all belong to the working media of unit---working medium, the heat release that enters the solution absorption refrigerant vapour of absorber is the heat release of working medium, and the heat absorption of the solution of the absorber of flowing through is the heat absorption of working medium, this process just is called backheat on term so---and utilize the heat release of a certain process working medium to satisfy the heat absorption of working medium in another process in the circulation, the generation-absorption system among the present invention then is a regenerative generation-absorption system.According to the warm eventually height of heated medium demand heating, need correspondingly adjust the amplitude of solution released vapour in flash vessel, this depend on thermic load that the solution of the absorber of flowing through obtains what---it is few more to load, the refrigerant vapour that solution flashes off in flash vessel is just few more, enter just few more that the solution concentration of second absorber increases, the amplitude that the temperature eventually of heated medium promotes is also just low more.In addition, under the consistent situation of the refrigerant vapour that absorber and second absorber absorb, the heat release of the second absorber pairing performance index of loading approaches the pairing performance index of absorber heat release more, and this makes can have higher performance index when realizing high-temperature heat supply in conjunction with second class absorption heat pump of the present invention within the specific limits.
On the regenerative generation-absorption system that the present invention proposes, increase corresponding component and can obtain the single-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump respectively, one generator type two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump, three grades of type II high-temperature absorption heat pumps of one generator, double-generator two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump, the economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump of solution series circulation, the economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump of solution circulation in parallel, the triple effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump of solution series circulation, the triple effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump of solution circulation in parallel and the type II high-temperature absorption heat pump that in type II high-temperature absorption heat pump, obtains behind the additional again high-temperature heat supply end with additional high-temperature heat supply end.
Be achieved in that based on the type II high-temperature absorption heat pump on the regenerative generation-absorption system of the present invention's proposition
1. on the regenerative generation-absorption system that the present invention proposes, increase condenser, evaporimeter and cryogen liquid pump, with the waste heat medium is the driving thermal medium of generator, generator and flash vessel have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser respectively, condenser also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter through the cryogen liquid pump, evaporimeter has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber and second absorber respectively, and condenser also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications; Generator, absorber, solution pump, solution heat exchanger, condenser, evaporimeter and cryogen liquid pump are formed the single-stage second class absorption heat pump structure, the heat release of absorber is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber is used to satisfy the heat demand of heated medium second stage, obtains the single-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump on the single-stage heat pump basis.
2. on the regenerative generation-absorption system that the present invention proposes, with the waste heat medium is the driving thermal medium of generator, increase condenser, evaporimeter, absorption-evaporimeter, the choke valve or the second cryogen liquid pump, cryogen liquid pump and the 3rd solution heat exchanger, having the weak solution pipeline to change absorber into through solution heat exchanger connection generator the absorber in the regenerative generation-absorption system of the present invention's proposition has weak solution pipeline absorption-evaporimeter after the 3rd solution heat exchanger is communicated with absorption-evaporimeter to have the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with generator through solution heat exchanger again, generator there is the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump, solution heat exchanger is communicated with absorber or is communicated with absorber successively and flash vessel changes generator into and the concentrated solution pipeline arranged through solution pump, be communicated with absorber or be communicated with absorber and flash vessel successively through the 3rd solution heat exchanger again behind the solution heat exchanger, generator and flash vessel have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser respectively, or condenser also has the cryogen liquid pipeline by being communicated with evaporimeter and directly being communicated with absorption-evaporimeter through choke valve respectively behind the cryogen liquid pump, or condenser also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter by the cryogen liquid pump and evaporimeter also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with absorption-evaporimeter through the second cryogen liquid pump, absorption-evaporimeter has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber and second absorber respectively again, evaporimeter also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection absorption-evaporimeter, condenser also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications; Generator, absorber, solution pump, solution heat exchanger, condenser, evaporimeter, absorption-evaporimeter, the cryogen liquid pump, the choke valve or the second cryogen liquid pump, the 3rd solution heat exchanger is formed the one generator type two-stage second class absorption heat pump structure, the heat release of absorber is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber is used to satisfy the heat demand of heated medium second stage, obtains one generator type two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
3. on the regenerative generation-absorption system that the present invention proposes, with the waste heat medium is the driving thermal medium of generator, increase condenser, evaporimeter, one-level absorption-evaporimeter, secondary absorption-evaporimeter, the cryogen liquid pump, choke valve, second choke valve, the 3rd solution heat exchanger and the 4th solution heat exchanger, having the weak solution pipeline to change absorber into through solution heat exchanger connection generator absorber in the regenerative generation-absorption system has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with secondary absorption-evaporimeter through the 3rd solution heat exchanger, secondary absorption-evaporimeter has the weak solution pipeline to have the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with generator through solution heat exchanger again through the 4th solution heat exchanger connection one-level absorption-evaporimeter and one-level absorption-evaporimeter, again generator there is the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump, solution heat exchanger is communicated with absorber or is communicated with absorber successively and flash vessel changes generator into and the concentrated solution pipeline arranged through solution pump, behind the solution heat exchanger again through the 4th solution heat exchanger, the 3rd solution heat exchanger is communicated with absorber or is communicated with absorber and flash vessel successively, generator and flash vessel have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser respectively, condenser also has the cryogen liquid pipeline by being communicated with evaporimeter through choke valve respectively behind the cryogen liquid pump, be communicated with one-level absorption-evaporimeter and directly be communicated with secondary absorption-evaporimeter through second choke valve, evaporimeter also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection one-level absorption-evaporimeter, one-level absorption-evaporimeter also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection secondary absorption-evaporimeter, secondary absorption-evaporimeter has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber and second absorber respectively again, condenser also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications; Generator, absorber, solution pump, solution heat exchanger, condenser, evaporimeter, one-level absorption-evaporimeter, secondary absorption-evaporimeter, the cryogen liquid pump, choke valve, second choke valve, the 3rd solution heat exchanger and the 4th solution heat exchanger are formed three grade of second class absorption heat pump structure of one generator type, the heat release of absorber is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber is used to satisfy the heat demand of heated medium second stage, obtains three grades of type II high-temperature absorption heat pumps of one generator type.
4. on the regenerative generation-absorption system that the present invention proposes, increase condenser, evaporimeter, absorption-evaporimeter, the cryogen liquid pump, the choke valve or the second cryogen liquid pump, cryogenerator, the 4th solution pump, the 3rd solution heat exchanger and second choke valve, generator had the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser through second choke valve again after self-absorption-evaporimeter was set up refrigerant vapour pipeline connection generator---and the part refrigerant vapour that absorption-evaporimeter produces is the driving thermal medium of generator, having the weak solution pipeline to change absorber into through solution heat exchanger connection generator absorber in the regenerative generation-absorption system has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with absorption-evaporimeter through solution heat exchanger, absorption-evaporimeter has the weak solution pipeline to also have the concentrated solution pipeline through the 4th solution pump through the 3rd solution heat exchanger connection cryogenerator and cryogenerator again, the 3rd solution heat exchanger is communicated with generator, cryogenerator also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications and refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser is arranged, generator and flash vessel also have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser respectively, or condenser also has the cryogen liquid pipeline by being communicated with evaporimeter and directly being communicated with absorption-evaporimeter through choke valve respectively behind the cryogen liquid pump, or condenser also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter by the cryogen liquid pump and evaporimeter also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with absorption-evaporimeter through the second cryogen liquid pump, absorption-evaporimeter has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber and second absorber respectively again, evaporimeter also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection absorption-evaporimeter, condenser also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications; Generator, absorber, solution pump, solution heat exchanger, condenser, evaporimeter, absorption-evaporimeter, the cryogen liquid pump, the choke valve or the second cryogen liquid pump, cryogenerator, the 4th solution pump, the 3rd solution heat exchanger and second choke valve are formed the dual occurrence type two-stage second class absorption heat pump structure, the heat release of absorber is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber is used to satisfy the heat demand of heated medium second stage, obtains dual occurrence type two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
5. on the regenerative generation-absorption system that the present invention proposes, increase by second generator, condenser, evaporimeter, the 4th solution pump, choke valve and cryogen liquid pump, when 1. second generator is made low pressure generator, having the weak solution pipeline to change absorber into through solution heat exchanger connection generator absorber has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with second generator through solution heat exchanger, second generator has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with generator through the 4th solution pump again, second generator had the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser through choke valve again after generator also had refrigerant vapour pipeline connection second generator, condenser also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with second generator and flash vessel respectively, condenser also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter through the cryogen liquid pump, evaporimeter has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber and second absorber respectively, condenser also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications; Generator, absorber, solution pump, solution heat exchanger, second generator, condenser, evaporimeter, the 4th solution pump, choke valve and cryogen liquid pump are formed solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits second class absorption heat pump, the heat release of absorber is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber is used to satisfy the heat demand of heated medium second stage, obtains solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump; When 2. second generator is made high pressure generator, increase by the 5th solution pump again, set up concentrated solution pipeline second generator after the 4th solution pump is communicated with second generator from generator and the concentrated solution pipeline is arranged again through the 5th solution pump, solution heat exchanger is communicated with absorber, generator had the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser through choke valve again after second generator also had refrigerant vapour pipeline connection generator---and refrigerant vapour that second generator produces is as the driving thermal medium of generator, condenser also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with generator and flash vessel respectively, condenser also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter through the cryogen liquid pump, evaporimeter also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber and second absorber respectively, condenser also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications; Generator, absorber, solution heat exchanger, second generator, condenser, evaporimeter, the 4th solution pump, choke valve, cryogen liquid pump and the 5th solution pump are formed solution series circulation double-effect heat pump, the heat release of absorber is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber is used to satisfy the heat demand of heated medium second stage, obtains solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump; 3. increase by second generator, condenser, evaporimeter, choke valve, cryogen liquid pump and the 3rd solution heat exchanger, make high pressure generator with second generator, having the weak solution pipeline to change absorber into through solution heat exchanger connection generator absorber has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with second generator through solution heat exchanger, second generator has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with generator through the 3rd solution heat exchanger again, generator there is the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump, solution heat exchanger is communicated with absorber or is communicated with absorber successively and flash vessel changes generator into and the concentrated solution pipeline arranged through solution pump, the 3rd solution heat exchanger, solution heat exchanger is communicated with absorber or is communicated with absorber and flash vessel successively, generator had the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser through choke valve again after second generator also had refrigerant vapour pipeline connection generator---and second generator produces the driving thermal medium that refrigerant vapour is made generator, generator and flash vessel also have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser respectively, condenser also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter through the cryogen liquid pump, evaporimeter has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber and second absorber respectively, condenser also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications; Generator, absorber, solution heat exchanger, second generator, condenser, evaporimeter, choke valve, cryogen liquid pump, the 5th solution pump and the 3rd solution heat exchanger constitute solution series circulation double-effect heat pump, the heat release of absorber is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies the preceding demand for heat of solution flash distillation or only be used to satisfy the preceding demand for heat of solution flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber is used to satisfy the heat demand of heated medium second stage, obtains solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
6. on the regenerative generation-absorption system that the present invention proposes, increase by second generator, condenser, evaporimeter, the 4th solution pump, choke valve, cryogen liquid pump and the 3rd solution heat exchanger, second generator is made low pressure generator, second generator has the concentrated solution pipeline through the 4th solution pump, the 3rd solution heat exchanger is communicated with absorber, absorber has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with second generator through the 3rd solution heat exchanger again, second generator had the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser through choke valve again after generator had refrigerant vapour pipeline connection second generator, condenser also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with second generator and flash vessel respectively, condenser also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter through the cryogen liquid pump, evaporimeter also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber and second absorber respectively, condenser also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications; Generator, absorber, solution pump, solution heat exchanger, second generator, condenser, evaporimeter, the 4th solution pump, choke valve, cryogen liquid pump and the 3rd solution heat exchanger are formed solution circulation double-effect heat pump in parallel, the heat release of absorber is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber is used to satisfy the heat demand of heated medium second stage, obtains solution circulation economic benefits and social benefits in parallel type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
7. on the described regenerative generation-absorption system of claim 1, or increase by second generator, the 3rd generator, condenser, evaporimeter, the 4th solution pump, the 5th solution pump, choke valve, second choke valve and cryogen liquid pump, with absorber have the weak solution pipeline through solution heat exchanger be communicated with generator change into absorber have the weak solution pipeline through solution heat exchanger be communicated with the 3rd generator, the 3rd generator have again the weak solution pipeline through the 4th solution pump be communicated with second generator, second generator has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with generator through the 5th solution pump again; Or increase by second generator, the 3rd generator, condenser, evaporimeter, choke valve, second choke valve, the cryogen liquid pump, the 3rd solution heat exchanger and the 4th solution heat exchanger have the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump with generator, the pipeline of solution heat exchanger connection absorber changes generator into has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with second generator through the 3rd solution heat exchanger, second generator has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with the 3rd generator through the 4th solution heat exchanger again, the 3rd generator has the concentrated solution pipeline again through solution pump, the 4th solution heat exchanger, the 3rd solution heat exchanger and solution heat exchanger are communicated with absorber; Second generator had the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser through choke valve again after generator also had refrigerant vapour pipeline connection second generator, the 3rd generator had the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser through second choke valve again after second generator also had refrigerant vapour pipeline connection the 3rd generator, the 3rd generator and flash vessel also have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser respectively, condenser also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter through the cryogen liquid pump, evaporimeter also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber and second absorber respectively, condenser also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications; Or generator, absorber, solution pump, solution heat exchanger, second generator, the 3rd generator, condenser, evaporimeter, the 4th solution pump, the 5th solution pump, choke valve, second choke valve and cryogen liquid pump are formed solution series circulation three-effect second class absorption heat pump structure and the flow process, or generator, absorber, solution pump, solution heat exchanger, second generator, the 3rd generator, condenser, evaporimeter, the 3rd solution heat exchanger, the 4th solution heat exchanger, choke valve, second choke valve and cryogen liquid pump are formed solution series circulation three-effect second class absorption heat pump structure and the flow process, the heat release of absorber is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber is used to satisfy the second stage elevated temperature heat demand of heated medium, obtains solution series circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
8. on the described regenerative generation-absorption system of claim 1, increase by second generator, the 3rd generator, condenser, evaporimeter, the 4th solution pump, the 5th solution pump, choke valve, second choke valve, the cryogen liquid pump, the 3rd solution heat exchanger and the 4th solution heat exchanger, to press generator in second generator work, the 3rd generator is made low pressure generator, second generator has the concentrated solution pipeline through the 4th solution pump, absorber had the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with second generator through the 3rd solution heat exchanger again after the 3rd solution heat exchanger was communicated with absorber, the 3rd generator has the concentrated solution pipeline through the 5th solution pump, absorber had the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with the 3rd generator through the 4th solution heat exchanger again after the 4th solution heat exchanger was communicated with absorber, second generator had the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser through choke valve again after generator also had refrigerant vapour pipeline connection second generator, the 3rd generator had the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser through second choke valve again after second generator also had refrigerant vapour pipeline connection the 3rd generator, the 3rd generator and flash vessel also have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser respectively, condenser also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter through the cryogen liquid pump, evaporimeter also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber and second absorber respectively, condenser also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications; Generator, absorber, solution pump, solution heat exchanger, second generator, the 3rd generator, condenser, evaporimeter, the 4th solution pump, the 5th solution pump, the 3rd solution heat exchanger, the 4th solution heat exchanger, choke valve, second choke valve and cryogen liquid pump are formed solution circulation three-effect second class absorption heat pump structure and the flow process in parallel, the heat release of absorber is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber is used to satisfy heated medium second stage elevated temperature heat demand, obtains solution series circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
9. in the resulting type II high-temperature absorption heat pump of regenerative generation-absorption system that above-mentioned employing the present invention proposes, increase newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter, newly-increased absorber, newly-increased cryogen liquid pump or newly-increased choke valve, newly-increased solution heat exchanger and newly-increased second solution heat exchanger; Set up the solution pipeline through newly-increased second solution heat exchanger from second solution pump, newly-increased solution heat exchanger is communicated with newly-increased absorber, newly-increased absorber also has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter through newly-increased solution heat exchanger, newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter also has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with absorber and flash vessel successively through newly-increased second solution heat exchanger, or flash-pot is set up the cryogen liquid pipeline and is increased absorption-evaporimeter newly have the refrigerant vapour pipeline connection to increase absorber newly again after newly-increased cryogen liquid pump is communicated with newly-increased absorptions-evaporimeter, or self cooling condenser newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter after the cryogen liquid pump is set up the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with newly-increased absorptions-evaporimeter has the refrigerant vapour pipeline connection to increase absorber newly again and simultaneously condenser directly is communicated with evaporimeter or absorption-evaporimeter changes condenser into through the cryogen liquid pump through the cryogen liquid pump, newly-increased choke valve is communicated with evaporimeter or absorption-evaporimeter, evaporimeter or absorption-evaporimeter also have the refrigerant vapour pipeline connection to increase absorption-evaporimeter newly, and newly-increased absorber also has heated medium pipeline and external communications; Flash vessel provides solution, absorbs from the refrigerant vapour of newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter and heat release in heated medium to newly-increased absorber, the solution of newly-increased absorber enters newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter, the refrigerant vapour that absorbs flash-pot or absorption-evaporimeter and heat release and becomes refrigerant vapour to provide for newly-increased absorber in another road cryogen liquid, newly-increased absorber is the adjacent high-temperature heat supply end of second absorber, obtains having the type II high-temperature absorption heat pump of additional high-temperature heat supply end.
Realize additional high-temperature heat supply end, can also increase newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter, newly-increased absorber, newly-increased cryogen liquid pump or newly-increased choke valve, newly-increased solution pump, newly-increased solution heat exchanger and newly-increased second solution heat exchanger, the connection of solution pipeline is in such a manner---set up the solution pipeline through newly-increased second solution heat exchanger from second solution pump, newly-increased solution heat exchanger is communicated with newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter, newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter also has the weak solution pipeline through newly-increased solution pump, newly-increased solution heat exchanger is communicated with newly-increased absorber, and newly-increased absorber also has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with absorber and flash vessel successively through newly-increased second solution heat exchanger.First kind of solution pipeline connecting mode relatively, the latter is many newly-increased solution pump, the thermodynamic effects of the two realization is consistent.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is that provided by the invention, solution series loops back hot type generation-absorption system structure and schematic flow sheet.
Fig. 2 also is that provided by the invention, solution series loops back hot type generation-absorption system structure and schematic flow sheet; Be that with difference shown in Figure 1 absorber does not have heated medium pipeline and external communications among Fig. 2, the heat release of absorber only is used for the solution before the heating flash evaporation.
Fig. 3 is provided by the invention, solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system structure and schematic flow sheet.
Fig. 4 also is provided by the invention, solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system structure and schematic flow sheet; Be that with difference shown in Figure 3 absorber does not have heated medium pipeline and external communications among Fig. 4, the heat release of absorber only is used for the solution before the heating flash evaporation.
Fig. 5 is that solution series provided by the present invention, that adopt solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type single-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and schematic flow sheet.
Fig. 6 also is that solution series provided by the present invention, that adopt solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type single-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and schematic flow sheet; With different being shown in Figure 5, absorber does not have heated medium pipeline and external communications among Fig. 6, and the heat release of absorber only is used for the solution before the heating flash evaporation.
Fig. 7 is solution independent loops back-heating type single-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and a schematic flow sheet provided by the present invention, that adopt solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system.
Fig. 8 also is solution independent loops back-heating type single-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and a schematic flow sheet provided by the present invention, that adopt solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system; With different being shown in Figure 7, absorber does not have heated medium pipeline and external communications among Fig. 8, and the heat release of absorber only is used for the solution before the heating flash evaporation.
Fig. 9 is that solution series provided by the present invention, that adopt solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type one generator type two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and schematic flow sheet.
Figure 10 also is that solution series provided by the present invention, that adopt solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type one generator type two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and schematic flow sheet; With different being shown in Figure 9: 1. absorber does not have heated medium pipeline and external communications among Figure 10, and the heat release of absorber only is used for the solution before the heating flash evaporation; 2. condenser is communicated with evaporimeter and directly is communicated with absorption-evaporimeter through choke valve more respectively behind the cryogen liquid pump among Fig. 9, and condenser is communicated with absorption-evaporimeter through the second cryogen liquid pump again through cryogen liquid pump connection evaporimeter, evaporimeter among Figure 10.
Figure 11 is solution independent loops back-heating type one generator type two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and a schematic flow sheet provided by the present invention, that adopt solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system.
Figure 12 also is solution independent loops back-heating type one generator type two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and a schematic flow sheet provided by the present invention, that adopt solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system.With different being shown in Figure 11,1. absorber does not have heated medium pipeline and external communications among Figure 12, and the heat release of absorber only is used for the solution before the heating flash evaporation; 2. condenser is communicated with evaporimeter and directly is communicated with absorption-evaporimeter through choke valve more respectively behind the cryogen liquid pump among Figure 11, and condenser is communicated with absorption-evaporimeter through the second cryogen liquid pump again through cryogen liquid pump connection evaporimeter, evaporimeter among Figure 12.
Figure 13 is that solution series provided by the present invention, that adopt solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back three grades of type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architectures of hot type one generator type and schematic flow sheet.
Figure 14 also is that solution series provided by the present invention, that adopt solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back three grades of type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architectures of hot type one generator type and schematic flow sheet; With different being shown in Figure 13, absorber does not have heated medium pipeline and external communications among Figure 14, and the heat release of absorber only is used for the solution before the heating flash evaporation.
Figure 15 is three grades of type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architectures of solution independent loops back-heating type one generator type and a schematic flow sheet provided by the present invention, that adopt solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system.
Figure 16 is that solution series provided by the present invention, that adopt solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type double-generator type two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and schematic flow sheet.
Figure 17 also is that solution series provided by the present invention, that adopt solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type double-generator type two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and schematic flow sheet; With different being shown in Figure 16: 1. absorber does not have heated medium pipeline and external communications among Figure 17, and the heat release of absorber only is used for the solution before the heating flash evaporation; Condenser is communicated with evaporimeter and directly is communicated with absorption-evaporimeter through choke valve more respectively behind the cryogen liquid pump among Figure 16, and condenser is communicated with absorption-evaporimeter through the second cryogen liquid pump again through cryogen liquid pump connection evaporimeter, evaporimeter among Figure 17.
Figure 18 is solution independent loops backheat dual occurrence type two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and a schematic flow sheet provided by the present invention, that adopt solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system.
Figure 19 is that solution series provided by the present invention, that adopt solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and schematic flow sheet.
Figure 20 also is that solution series provided by the present invention, that adopt solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and schematic flow sheet; With different being shown in Figure 19, absorber does not have heated medium pipeline and external communications among Figure 20, and the heat release of absorber only is used for the solution before the heating flash evaporation.
Figure 21 is solution independent loops back-heating type solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and a schematic flow sheet provided by the present invention, that adopt solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system.
Figure 22 also is that solution series provided by the present invention, employing solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system loops back hot type solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and schematic flow sheet; Be with main difference shown in Figure 21, among Figure 21 second generator as the high pressure generator of double-effect process, and among Figure 22 second generator as the low pressure generator of double-effect process.
Figure 23 is that solution series provided by the present invention, that adopt solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and schematic flow sheet.
Figure 24 is solution independent loops back-heating type solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and a schematic flow sheet provided by the present invention, that adopt solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system.
Figure 25 is that solution series provided by the present invention, that adopt solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type solution circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture in parallel and schematic flow sheet.
Figure 26 also is that solution series provided by the invention, that adopt solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type solution circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture in parallel and schematic flow sheet; With different being shown in Figure 25, absorber does not have heated medium pipeline and external communications among Figure 26, and the heat release of absorber only is used for the solution before the heating flash evaporation.
Figure 27 is solution independent loops back-heating type solution circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture in parallel and a schematic flow sheet provided by the present invention, as to adopt solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system.
Figure 28 is that solution series provided by the present invention, that adopt solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type solution series circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and schematic flow sheet.
Figure 29 is solution independent loops back-heating type solution series circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and a schematic flow sheet provided by the present invention, that adopt solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system.
Figure 30 is solution independent loops back-heating type solution series circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and a schematic flow sheet provided by the present invention, that adopt solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system.
Figure 31 is that solution series provided by the present invention, that adopt solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type solution series circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and schematic flow sheet.
Figure 32 is solution independent loops back-heating type solution circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture in parallel and a schematic flow sheet provided by the present invention, as to adopt solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system.
Figure 33 is solution series circulation heat recovery solution circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture in parallel and a schematic flow sheet provided by the present invention, that the employing solution series loops back hot type generation-absorption system.
Figure 34 is single-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and a schematic flow sheet provided by the present invention, that adopt solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system and additional high-temperature heat supply end.
Figure 35 is economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump system architecture and a schematic flow sheet provided by the present invention, that the employing solution series loops back hot type generation-absorption system and additional high-temperature heat supply end.
Among the figure, 1-generator, 2-absorber, 3-solution pump, 4-solution heat exchanger, 5-flash vessel (flash chamber), 6-second absorber, 7-second solution pump, 8-the 3rd solution pump, 9-second solution heat exchanger; A-increases absorption-evaporimeter newly, and b-increases absorber newly, and c-increases solution heat exchanger newly, and d-increases second solution heat exchanger newly, and e-increases the cryogen liquid pump newly, and f-increases choke valve newly.
Among Fig. 5-Fig. 8, Figure 34, A1-condenser, B1-evaporimeter, C1-cryogen liquid pump.
Among Fig. 9-Figure 12, A2-condenser, B2-evaporimeter, C2-absorption-evaporimeter, D2-cryogen liquid pump, E2-choke valve, F2-the 3rd solution heat exchanger, the G2-second cryogen liquid pump.
Among Figure 13-Figure 15, A3-condenser, B3-evaporimeter, C3-one-level absorption-evaporimeter, D3-secondary absorption-evaporimeter, E3-cryogen liquid pump, F3-choke valve, G3-second choke valve, H3-the 3rd solution heat exchanger, I3-the 4th solution heat exchanger.
Among Figure 16-Figure 18, A4-condenser, B4-evaporimeter, C4-absorption-evaporimeter, D4-cryogen liquid pump, E4-choke valve, F4-cryogenerator, G4-the 4th solution pump, H4-second choke valve, I4-the 3rd solution heat exchanger, the J4-second cryogen liquid pump.
Among Figure 19-Figure 27, Figure 35, A5-second generator, B5-condenser, C5-evaporimeter, D5-the 4th solution pump, E5-choke valve, F5-cryogen liquid pump, G5-the 5th solution pump, H5-the 3rd solution heat exchanger.
Among Figure 28-Figure 33, A6-second generator, B6-the 3rd generator, C6-condenser, the D6-evaporimeter, E6-the 4th solution pump, F6-the 5th solution pump, G6-choke valve, H6-second choke valve, I6-cryogen liquid pump, J6-the 3rd solution heat exchanger, K6-the 4th solution heat exchanger.
Wherein, second absorber (6) is consistent with the steam pressure of absorber (2) inner space, and the 3rd solution pump (8) between the two is used to overcome the resistance of flow of solution through solution heat exchanger and pipeline; Overcome the resistance of the solution heat exchanger of flowing through, pipeline and the pressure reduction between the parts and solution pump is set, solution pump can omit when height (gravity) difference can be utilized.
The specific embodiment:
Describe the present invention in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and example.
As shown in Figure 1, solution series of the present invention loops back hot type generation-absorption system and is achieved in that
1. on the structure, at there is the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with absorber 2 with solution heat exchanger 4 by generator 1 through solution pump 3, absorber 2 has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with generator 1 through solution heat exchanger 4, also have surplus heat medium or drive thermal medium pipeline and external communications and absorber 2 heated medium pipeline and the formed generation-absorption system of external communications in addition of generator 1, increase new parts---flash vessel 5, second absorber 6, second solution pump 7, the 3rd solution pump 8 and second solution heat exchanger 9, generator 1 there is the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4 connection absorbers 2 change generator 1 into has the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4 is communicated with absorber 2 and flash vessel 5 successively, establish the concentrated solution pipeline again through second solution pump 7 by flash vessel 5, second solution heat exchanger 9 is communicated with second absorber 6, second absorber 6 has the weak solution pipeline again through second solution heat exchanger 9, the 3rd solution pump 8 is communicated with absorber 2, absorber 2, second absorber 6 has refrigerant vapour pipeline and the outer connected sum of system that heated medium pipeline and external communications are arranged, generator 1, flash vessel 5 has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with system outward, forms solution series and loops back hot type generation-absorption system.
2. on the flow process, waste heat medium or other drive heat medium flow and discharge refrigerant vapour by absorber 2 through the weak solution that solution heat exchanger 4 enters generator 1 through generator 1 heating, concentrated solution is through solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4 is flowed through and is entered flash vessel 5 after the absorber 2 heat absorbing parts vaporizations and discharge refrigerant vapour, concentrated solution after concentration further improves is through second solution pump 7, second solution heat exchanger 9 enters second absorber 6 and absorbs from outside the system---as evaporimeter, absorption-evaporimeter---refrigerant vapour discharge elevated temperature heat to heated medium, weak solution is through second solution heat exchanger 9, the 3rd solution pump 8 enters absorber 2 and absorbs the heat and the solution that heats the absorber 2 of flowing through that discharges relatively lower temp from the outer refrigerant vapour of system to heated medium, has realized that solution series loops back hot type generation-absorption workflow.
Solution series shown in Figure 2 loops back hot type generation-absorption system, its structure and operation principle and the difference that does not have essence shown in Figure 1, the two different place is, absorber 2 no heated medium pipeline and external communications among Fig. 2, the heat that absorber 2 absorption refrigerant vapours are emitted is only carried out the preceding solution of flash distillation as heating.
Shown in Figure 3, solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system of the present invention is achieved in that
1. on the structure, at there is the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with absorber 2 with solution heat exchanger 4 by generator 1 through solution pump 3, absorber 2 has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with generator 1 through solution heat exchanger 4, also have surplus heat medium or drive thermal medium pipeline and external communications and absorber 2 heated medium pipeline and the formed generation-absorption system of external communications in addition of generator 1, increase new parts---flash vessel 5, second absorber 6, second solution pump 7 and second solution heat exchanger 9, flash vessel 5 has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with second absorber 6 through second solution pump 7 with second solution heat exchanger 9, second absorber 6 has weak solution to be communicated with absorber 2 and flash vessel 5 successively through second solution heat exchanger 9 again, absorber 2, second absorber 6 has refrigerant vapour pipeline and the outer connected sum of system that heated medium pipeline and external communications are arranged, generator 1, flash vessel 5 has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with system outward, forms solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system.
2. on the flow process, waste heat medium or other drive heat medium flow and discharge refrigerant vapour by absorber 2 through the weak solution that solution heat exchanger 4 enters generator 1 through generator 1 heating, concentrated solution enters outside absorber 2 absorbs from system through solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4---as evaporimeter, absorption-evaporimeter---refrigerant vapour and heat release is in the solution of the heated medium and the absorber 2 of flowing through respectively, weak solution is got back to generator 1 through solution heat exchanger 4 again; Flow through and enter flash vessel 5 after the solution heat absorbing part vaporization of absorber 2 and discharge refrigerant vapour, concentrated solution after concentration further improves enters outside second absorber 6 absorbs from system through second solution pump 7, second solution heat exchanger 9---as evaporimeter, absorption-evaporimeter---refrigerant vapour discharge elevated temperature heat to heated medium, weak solution is through absorber 2 heat absorptions of flowing through again of second solution heat exchanger 9; Two-way solution independent loops separately flows, and has realized that solution series loops back hot type generation-absorption workflow.
Looping back hot type generation-absorption system with solution series shown in Figure 1 compares, solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 3 is divided into solution the two parts that independently circulate separately, and removed the 3rd solution pump 8, but the two is consistent on the essence intension---all utilize the heat release (absorbing the refrigerant vapour heat releases for absorber 2 here) of working medium to satisfy heat absorption in another process of working medium (ie in solution flow through absorber 2 be heated) demand, this belongs to the backheat principle in the thermodynamic cycle.
Solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 4, its structure and operation principle and the difference that does not have essence shown in Figure 3, the two different place is, absorber 2 no heated medium pipeline and external communications among Fig. 4, the heat that absorber 2 absorption refrigerant vapours are emitted is only carried out the preceding solution of flash distillation as heating.
Fig. 5, shown in Figure 6, the solution series that adopts solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type single-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump and is achieved in that
1. on the structure, in that------solution series shown in and Fig. 2---corresponding diagram 6---loops back on the hot type generation-absorption system corresponding diagram 5 with Fig. 1, with the waste heat medium is the driving thermal medium of generator 1, increase condenser A1, evaporimeter B1 and cryogen liquid pump C1, generator 1 and flash vessel 5 have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser A1 respectively, condenser A1 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter B1 through cryogen liquid pump C1, evaporimeter B1 also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively, condenser A1 also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter B1 also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications.
2. on the flow process, the heating of waste heat medium is provided to condenser A1 through the weak solution release refrigerant vapour that solution heat exchanger 4 enters generator 1 by absorber 2, the heating of waste heat medium becomes refrigerant vapour to provide to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively by condenser A1 through the cryogen liquid that cryogen liquid pump C1 enters evaporimeter B1, the refrigerant vapour that enters absorber 2 absorbed by solution from second absorber 6 and respectively heat release in heated medium and from generator 1 through solution pump 3, the flow through solution of absorber 2 of solution heat exchanger 4, flow through absorber 2 and heated and solution after the part vaporization enters flash vessel 5 and discharges refrigerant vapours and provide to condenser A1, the solution after concentration improves is through second solution pump 7, second solution heat exchanger 9 enters the heat that second absorber 6 absorbs the refrigerant vapour of flash-pot B1 and higher temperature is provided to heated medium; The two-way refrigerant vapour heat release that enters condenser A1 becomes cryogen liquid in cooling medium, and cryogen liquid enters evaporimeter B1 through cryogen liquid pump C1 pressurization and absorbs heat into refrigerant vapour and provide refrigerant vapour to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively; Generator 1, absorber 2, solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4, condenser A1, evaporimeter B1 and cryogen liquid pump C1 form the single-stage second class absorption heat pump structure, the heat release of absorber 2 is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber 6 is used to satisfy the second stage elevated temperature heat demand of heated medium, obtains solution series and loops back hot type single-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
Fig. 7, shown in Figure 8 adopts the solution independent loops back-heating type single-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump of solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system to be achieved in that
1. on the structure, in that---corresponding diagram 7 is---on the solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in and Fig. 4---corresponding diagram 8---with Fig. 3, with the waste heat medium is the driving thermal medium of generator 1, increase condenser A1, evaporimeter B1 and cryogen liquid pump C1, generator 1 and flash vessel 5 have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser A1 respectively, condenser A1 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter B1 through cryogen liquid pump C1, evaporimeter B1 also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively, condenser A1 also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter B1 also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications.
2. on the flow process, the heating of waste heat medium is provided to condenser A1 through the weak solution release refrigerant vapour that solution heat exchanger 4 enters generator 1 by absorber 2, the heating of waste heat medium becomes refrigerant vapour to provide to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively by condenser A1 through the cryogen liquid that cryogen liquid pump C1 enters evaporimeter B1, the refrigerant vapour that enters absorber 2 absorbed by solution from generator 1 and respectively heat release in heated medium and from second absorber 6 through the flow through solution of absorber 2 of second solution heat exchanger 9, flow through absorber 2 and heated and solution after the part vaporization enters flash vessel 5 and discharges refrigerant vapours and provide to condenser A1, the solution after concentration improves is through second solution pump 7, second solution heat exchanger 9 enters the heat that second absorber 6 absorbs the refrigerant vapour of flash-pot B1 and higher temperature is provided to heated medium; The two-way refrigerant vapour heat release that enters condenser A1 becomes cryogen liquid in cooling medium, and cryogen liquid enters evaporimeter B1 through cryogen liquid pump C1 pressurization and absorbs heat into refrigerant vapour and provide refrigerant vapour to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively; Generator 1, absorber 2, solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4, condenser A1, evaporimeter B1 and cryogen liquid pump C1 form the single-stage second class absorption heat pump structure, the heat release of absorber 2 is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber 6 is used to satisfy the second stage elevated temperature heat demand of heated medium, obtains solution independent loops single-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
Shown in Figure 7 with shown in Figure 5 compares, and the difference of the two is: Fig. 5 loops back hot type generation-absorption system based on solution series shown in Figure 1, and Fig. 7 is based on solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 3; The two is consistent in others.Similarly, shown in Figure 8 with shown in Figure 6 compares, and the difference of the two is: Fig. 6 loops back hot type generation-absorption system based on solution series shown in Figure 2, and Fig. 8 is based on solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 4; The two is consistent in others.Therefore, heat pump shown in Figure 5 has been carried out detailed description on structure and flow process after, can adopt the shorthand way of doing to contrast with Fig. 5 to be described as follows to the specific embodiment of heat pump shown in Figure 7:
The solution independent loops back-heating type single-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump of employing solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 7, with shown in Figure 5 comparing, the difference of the two is: Fig. 5 loops back hot type generation-absorption system based on solution series shown in Figure 1, and Fig. 7 is based on solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 3; The two is consistent in others.
Fig. 9, shown in Figure 10, the solution series that adopts solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type one generator two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump and is achieved in that
1. on the structure,------solution series shown in and Fig. 2---corresponding Figure 10---loops back hot type generation-absorption system to corresponding diagram 9 based on Fig. 1, increase condenser A2, evaporimeter B2, absorption-evaporimeter C2, the choke valve E2 or the second cryogen liquid pump G2, cryogen liquid pump D2 and the 3rd solution heat exchanger F2, solution series is looped back in the hot type generation-absorption system absorber 2 to be had the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with generators 1 through solution heat exchanger 4 to change absorber 2 into and have weak solution pipeline absorption-evaporimeter C2 after the 3rd solution heat exchanger F2 is communicated with absorptions-evaporimeter C2 the weak solution pipeline to be arranged through solution heat exchanger 4 connection generators 1 again, generator 1 there is the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4 is communicated with absorber 2 successively and changes generator 1 into flash vessel 5 and the concentrated solution pipeline is arranged through solution pump 3, be communicated with absorber 2 and flash vessel 5 successively through the 3rd solution heat exchanger F2 again behind the solution heat exchanger 4, generator 1 and flash vessel 5 have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser A2 respectively, or condenser A2 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline by being communicated with evaporimeter B2 and directly being communicated with absorption-evaporimeter C2 through choke valve E2 respectively behind the cryogen liquid pump D2, or condenser A2 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter B2 by cryogen liquid pump D2 and evaporimeter B2 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with absorption-evaporimeter C2 through the second cryogen liquid pump G2, absorption-evaporimeter C2 has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively again, evaporimeter B2 also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection absorption-evaporimeter C2, condenser A2 also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter B2 also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications.
2. on the flow process, the heating of waste heat medium is provided to condenser A2 through the weak solution release refrigerant vapour that solution heat exchanger 4 enters generator 1 by absorption-evaporimeter C2, the heating of waste heat medium enters evaporimeter B2 by condenser A2 through cryogen liquid pump D2 and choke valve E2, or become refrigerant vapour to provide to absorption-evaporimeter C2 through the cryogen liquid that cryogen liquid pump D2 directly enters evaporimeter B2, the refrigerant vapour that enters absorption-evaporimeter C2 is absorbed by the solution that is provided to absorptions-evaporimeter C2 through the 3rd solution heat exchanger F2 by absorber 2 and the cryogen liquid that heats from condenser A2 or evaporimeter B2 becomes refrigerant vapour to provide to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively, the refrigerant vapour that enters absorber 2 absorbed by solution from second absorber 6 and respectively heat release in the heated medium and the absorber 2 of flowing through carry out before the flash distillation solution or only heat release in the solution before the flash distillation of carrying out of the absorber 2 of flowing through, flow through absorber 2 and heated and solution after the part vaporization enters flash vessel 5 and discharges refrigerant vapours and provide to condenser A1, the concentrated solution of flash vessel 5 is through second solution pump 7, second solution heat exchanger 9 enters second absorber 6 and absorbs the refrigerant vapour of self-absorption-evaporimeter C2 and heat release in heated medium; The two-way refrigerant vapour heat release that enters condenser A2 becomes cryogen liquid in cooling medium, cryogen liquid is through cryogen liquid pump D2 pressurization or enter evaporimeter B2 heat absorption vaporization and absorptions of directly flowing through-evaporimeter C2 heat absorption vaporization or directly enter partly absorb heat vaporization and another part of evaporimeter B2 through choke valve E2 respectively and absorb heat through absorptions-evaporimeter C2 through the second cryogen liquid pump G2 pressurized stream and vaporize, evaporimeter B2 provides refrigerant vapour to absorption-evaporimeter C2, and absorption-evaporimeter C2 provides refrigerant vapour to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively; Generator 1, absorber 2, solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4, condenser A2, evaporimeter B2, absorption-evaporimeter C2, the choke valve E2 or the second cryogen liquid pump G2, cryogen liquid pump D2 and the 3rd solution heat exchanger F2 form the one generator type two-stage second class absorption heat pump structure, the heat release of absorber 2 is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber 6 is used to satisfy the second stage elevated temperature heat demand of heated medium, obtains solution series and loops back hot type one generator type two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
Figure 11, shown in Figure 12 adopts the solution independent loops back-heating type one generator type two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump of solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system to be achieved in that
1. on the structure,---corresponding Figure 11---solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in and Fig. 4---corresponding Figure 12---based on Fig. 3, increase condenser A2, evaporimeter B2, absorption-evaporimeter C2, the choke valve E2 or the second cryogen liquid pump G2, cryogen liquid pump D2 and the 3rd solution heat exchanger F2, having the weak solution pipeline to change absorber 2 into through solution heat exchanger 4 connection generators 1 absorber 2 in the solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system has weak solution pipeline absorption-evaporimeter C2 after the 3rd solution heat exchanger F2 is communicated with absorption-evaporimeter C2 to have the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with generators 1 through solution heat exchanger 4 again, generator 1 there is the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4 connection absorbers 2 change generator 1 into has the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump 3, be communicated with absorber 2 through the 3rd solution heat exchanger F2 again behind the solution heat exchanger 4, generator 1 and flash vessel 5 have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser A2 respectively, or condenser A2 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline by being communicated with evaporimeter B2 and directly being communicated with absorption-evaporimeter C2 through choke valve E2 respectively behind the cryogen liquid pump D2, or condenser A2 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter B2 by cryogen liquid pump D2 and evaporimeter B2 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with absorption-evaporimeter C2 through the second cryogen liquid pump G2, absorption-evaporimeter C2 has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively again, evaporimeter B2 also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection absorption-evaporimeter C2, condenser A2 also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter B2 also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications.
2. on the flow process, the heating of waste heat medium is provided to condenser A2 through the weak solution release refrigerant vapour that solution heat exchanger 4 enters generator 1 by absorption-evaporimeter C2, the heating of waste heat medium enters evaporimeter B2 by condenser A2 through cryogen liquid pump D2 and choke valve E2, or become refrigerant vapour to provide to absorption-evaporimeter C2 through the cryogen liquid that cryogen liquid pump D2 directly enters evaporimeter B2, the refrigerant vapour that enters absorption-evaporimeter C2 is absorbed by the solution that is provided to absorptions-evaporimeter C2 through the 3rd solution heat exchanger F2 by absorber 2 and the cryogen liquid that heats from condenser A2 or evaporimeter B2 becomes refrigerant vapour to provide to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively, the refrigerant vapour that enters absorber 2 absorbed by solution from generator 1 and respectively heat release in the heated medium and the absorber 2 of flowing through carry out before the flash distillation solution or only heat release in the solution before the flash distillation of carrying out of the absorber 2 of flowing through, flow through absorber 2 heat absorption and solution after the part vaporization enters flash vessel 5 and discharges refrigerant vapours and provide to condenser A1, and the concentrated solution of flash vessel 5 is through second solution pump 7, second solution heat exchanger 9 enters second absorber 6 and absorbs the refrigerant vapour of self-absorption-evaporimeter C2 and heat release in heated medium; The two-way refrigerant vapour heat release that enters condenser A2 becomes cryogen liquid in cooling medium, cryogen liquid is through cryogen liquid pump D2 pressurization or enter evaporimeter B2 heat absorption vaporization and absorptions of directly flowing through-evaporimeter C2 heat absorption vaporization or directly enter partly absorb heat vaporization and another part of evaporimeter B2 through choke valve E2 respectively and absorb heat through absorptions-evaporimeter C2 through the second cryogen liquid pump G2 pressurized stream and vaporize, evaporimeter B2 provides refrigerant vapour to absorption-evaporimeter C2, and absorption-evaporimeter C2 provides refrigerant vapour to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively; Generator 1, absorber 2, solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4, condenser A2, evaporimeter B2, absorption-evaporimeter C2, the choke valve E2 or the second cryogen liquid pump G2, cryogen liquid pump D2 and the 3rd solution heat exchanger F2 form the one generator type two-stage second class absorption heat pump structure, the heat release of absorber 2 is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber 6 is used to satisfy the second stage elevated temperature heat demand of heated medium, obtains solution independent loops back-heating type one generator type two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
Figure 13, shown in Figure 14, the solution series that adopts solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back three grades of type II high-temperature absorption heat pumps of hot type one generator type and is achieved in that
1. on the structure,------solution series shown in and Fig. 2---corresponding Figure 14---loops back hot type generation-absorption system to corresponding Figure 13 based on Fig. 1, with the waste heat medium is the driving thermal medium of generator 1, increase condenser A3, evaporimeter B3, one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3, secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3, cryogen liquid pump E3, choke valve F3, the second choke valve G3, the 3rd solution heat exchanger H3 and the 4th solution heat exchanger I3, solution series is looped back in the hot type generation-absorption system absorber 2 to be had the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with generators 1 through solution heat exchanger 4 to change absorber 2 into and have the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3 through the 3rd solution heat exchanger H3, secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3 has the weak solution pipeline to have the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with generators 1 through solution heat exchanger 4 again through the 4th solution heat exchanger I3 connection one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3 and one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3, to take place 1 again and the concentrated solution pipeline be arranged through solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4 is communicated with absorber 2 and flash vessel 5 successively and changes generator 1 into and the concentrated solution pipeline is arranged through solution pump 3, behind the solution heat exchanger 4 again through the 4th solution heat exchanger I3, the 3rd solution heat exchanger H3 is communicated with absorber 2 and flash vessel 5 successively, generator 1 and flash vessel 5 have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser A3 respectively, condenser A3 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline by being communicated with evaporimeter B3 through choke valve F3 respectively behind the cryogen liquid pump E3, be communicated with one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3 and directly be communicated with secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3 through the second choke valve G3, evaporimeter B3 also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3, one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3 also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3, secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3 has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively again, condenser A3 also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter B3 also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications.
2. on the flow process, the heating of waste heat medium is provided to condenser A3 through the weak solution release refrigerant vapour that solution heat exchanger 4 enters generator 1 by one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3, the waste heat medium heats by condenser A3 through cryogen liquid pump E3, the cryogen liquid that choke valve F3 enters evaporimeter B3 becomes refrigerant vapour to provide to one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3, the refrigerant vapour that enters one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3 is entered the solution absorption of one-level absorptions-evaporimeter C3 and is heated by condenser A3 through cryogen liquid pump E3 through the 4th solution heat exchanger I3 by secondary absorptions-evaporimeter D3, the second choke valve G3 enters one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3 cryogen liquid and becomes refrigerant vapour to provide to secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3, the refrigerant vapour that enters secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3 is absorbed also heat release in becoming refrigerant vapour to provide to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively by condenser A3 through the cryogen liquid that cryogen liquid pump E3 enters secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3 by absorber 2 through the solution that the 3rd solution heat exchanger H3 enters secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3, the refrigerant vapour that enters absorber 2 absorbed by solution from second absorber 6 and respectively heat release in the heated medium and the absorber 2 of flowing through carry out before the flash distillation solution or only heat release in the solution before the flash distillation of carrying out of the absorber 2 of flowing through, flow through absorber 2 heat absorption and solution after the part vaporization enters flash vessel 5 and discharges refrigerant vapours and provide to condenser A3, and the concentrated solution of flash vessel 5 is through second solution pump 7, second solution heat exchanger 9 enters second absorber 6 and absorbs from the refrigerant vapour of secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3 and heat release in heated medium; The refrigerant vapour that generator 1 and flash vessel 5 produces enters condenser A3 heat release and becomes cryogen liquid in cooling medium, and cryogen liquid enters evaporimeter B3 heat absorption vaporization through choke valve F3 respectively and refrigerant vapour is provided, provides refrigerant vapour and the secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3 that directly flows through absorbs heat to vaporize and provides refrigerant vapour to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively through the second choke valve G3 one-level absorptions-evaporimeter C3 heat absorption vaporization of flowing through to secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3 to one-level absorptions-evaporimeter C3 after cryogen liquid pump E3 pressurization; Generator 1, absorber 2, solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4, condenser A3, evaporimeter B3, one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3, secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3, cryogen liquid pump E3, choke valve F3, the second choke valve G3, the 3rd solution heat exchanger H3 and the 4th solution heat exchanger I3 form three grade of second class absorption heat pump structure of one generator type, the heat release of absorber 2 is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber 6 is used to satisfy the second stage elevated temperature heat demand of heated medium, obtains solution series and loops back three grades of type II high-temperature absorption heat pumps of hot type one generator type.
Shown in Figure 15, adopt three grades of type II high-temperature absorption heat pumps of solution independent loops back-heating type one generator type of solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system to be achieved in that
1. on the structure, based on solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 3, with the waste heat medium is the driving thermal medium of generator 1, increase condenser A3, evaporimeter B3, one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3, secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3, cryogen liquid pump E3, choke valve F3, the second choke valve G3, the 3rd solution heat exchanger H3 and the 4th solution heat exchanger I3, having the weak solution pipeline to change absorber 2 into through solution heat exchanger 4 connection generators 1 absorber 2 in the solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3 through the 3rd solution heat exchanger H3, secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3 has the weak solution pipeline to have the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with generators 1 through solution heat exchanger 4 again through the 4th solution heat exchanger I3 connection one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3 and one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3, to take place 1 again and the concentrated solution pipeline be arranged through solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4 connection absorbers 2 change generator 1 into has the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump 3, behind the solution heat exchanger 4 again through the 4th solution heat exchanger I3, the 3rd solution heat exchanger H3 is communicated with absorber 2, generator 1 and flash vessel 5 have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser A3 respectively, condenser A3 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline by being communicated with evaporimeter B3 through choke valve F3 respectively behind the cryogen liquid pump E3, be communicated with one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3 and directly be communicated with secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3 through the second choke valve G3, evaporimeter B3 also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3, one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3 also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3, secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3 has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively again, condenser A3 also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter B3 also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications.
2. on the flow process, the heating of waste heat medium is provided to condenser A3 through the weak solution release refrigerant vapour that solution heat exchanger 4 enters generator 1 by one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3, the waste heat medium heats by condenser A3 through cryogen liquid pump E3, the cryogen liquid that choke valve F3 enters evaporimeter B3 becomes refrigerant vapour to provide to one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3, the refrigerant vapour that enters one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3 is entered the solution absorption of one-level absorptions-evaporimeter C3 and is heated by condenser A3 through cryogen liquid pump E3 through the 4th solution heat exchanger I3 by secondary absorptions-evaporimeter D3, the second choke valve G3 enters one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3 cryogen liquid and becomes refrigerant vapour to provide to secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3, the refrigerant vapour that enters secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3 is absorbed also heat release in becoming refrigerant vapour to provide to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively by condenser A3 through the cryogen liquid that cryogen liquid pump E3 enters secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3 by absorber 2 through the solution that the 3rd solution heat exchanger H3 enters secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3, the refrigerant vapour that enters absorber 2 absorbed by solution from generator 1 and respectively heat release in the heated medium and the absorber 2 of flowing through carry out before the flash distillation solution or only heat release in the solution before the flash distillation of carrying out of the absorber 2 of flowing through, flow through absorber 2 heat absorption and solution after the part vaporization enters flash vessel 5 and discharges refrigerant vapours and provide to condenser A3, and the concentrated solution of flash vessel 5 is through second solution pump 7, second solution heat exchanger 9 enters second absorber 6 and absorbs from the refrigerant vapour of secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3 and heat release in heated medium; The refrigerant vapour that generator 1 and flash vessel 5 produces enters condenser A3 heat release and becomes cryogen liquid in cooling medium, and cryogen liquid enters evaporimeter B3 heat absorption vaporization through choke valve F3 respectively and refrigerant vapour is provided, provides refrigerant vapour and the secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3 that directly flows through absorbs heat to vaporize and provides refrigerant vapour to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively through the second choke valve G3 one-level absorptions-evaporimeter C3 heat absorption vaporization of flowing through to secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3 to one-level absorptions-evaporimeter C3 after cryogen liquid pump E3 pressurization; Generator 1, absorber 2, solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4, condenser A3, evaporimeter B3, one-level absorption-evaporimeter C3, secondary absorption-evaporimeter D3, cryogen liquid pump E3, choke valve F3, the second choke valve G3, the 3rd solution heat exchanger H3 and the 4th solution heat exchanger I3 form three grade of second class absorption heat pump structure of one generator type, the heat release of absorber 2 is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber 6 is used to satisfy the second stage elevated temperature heat demand of heated medium, obtains three grades of type II high-temperature absorption heat pumps of solution independent loops back-heating type one generator type.
Figure 16, shown in Figure 17, the solution series that adopts solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type double-generator type two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump and is achieved in that
1. on the structure,------solution series shown in and Fig. 2---corresponding Figure 17---loops back hot type generation-absorption system to corresponding Figure 16 based on Fig. 1, increase condenser A4, evaporimeter B4, absorption-evaporimeter C4, cryogen liquid pump D4, the choke valve E4 or the second cryogen liquid pump J4, cryogenerator F4, the 4th solution pump G4, the second choke valve H4 and the 3rd solution heat exchanger I4, self-absorption-evaporimeter C4 sets up refrigerant vapour pipeline connection generator 1 back generator 1 has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser A4 through the second choke valve H4 again---and the part refrigerant vapour of absorptions-evaporimeter C4 generation is as the driving thermal medium of generator 1, solution series is looped back in the hot type generation-absorption system absorber 2 to be had the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with generators 1 through solution heat exchanger 4 to change absorber 2 into and have the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with absorption-evaporimeter C4 through solution heat exchanger 4, absorption-evaporimeter C4 has molten thin liquid pipeline to also have the concentrated solution pipeline through the 4th solution pump G4 through the 3rd solution heat exchanger I4 connection cryogenerator F4 and cryogenerator F4 again, the 3rd solution heat exchanger I4 is communicated with generator 1, cryogenerator F4 also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications and refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser A4 is arranged, generator 1 and flash vessel 5 also have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser A4 respectively, or condenser A4 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline by being communicated with evaporimeter B4 and directly being communicated with absorption-evaporimeter C4 through choke valve E4 respectively behind the cryogen liquid pump D4, or condenser A4 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter B4 by cryogen liquid pump D4 and evaporimeter B4 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with absorption-evaporimeter C4 through the second cryogen liquid pump J4, absorption-evaporimeter C4 has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively again, evaporimeter B4 also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection absorption-evaporimeter C4, condenser A4 also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter B4 also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications.
2. on the flow process, the heating of waste heat medium is provided to condenser A4 by the weak solution release refrigerant vapour that absorption-evaporimeter C4 enters cryogenerator F4, the waste heat medium heats by condenser A4 through cryogen liquid pump D4, choke valve E4 or become refrigerant vapour to provide to absorption-evaporimeter C4 through the cryogen liquid that cryogen liquid pump D4 directly enters evaporimeter B4, the refrigerant vapour that enters absorption-evaporimeter C4 is become refrigerant vapour respectively to generator 1 through cryogen liquid pump D4 or by evaporimeter B4 through the cryogen liquid that the second cryogen liquid pump J4 enters absorption-evaporimeter C4 by condenser A4 through solution absorption and the heating that solution heat exchanger 4 enters absorption-evaporimeter C4 by absorber 2, the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 provide, the refrigerant vapour that enters generator 1 heats by cryogenerator F4 through the 4th solution pump G4, the solution release refrigerant vapour that the 3rd solution heat exchanger I4 enters generator 1 provides to condenser A4, condensate liquid enters condenser A4 after the second choke valve H4 throttling, the refrigerant vapour that enters absorber 2 absorbed by solution from second absorber 6 and respectively heat release in the heated medium and the absorber 2 of flowing through carry out before the flash distillation solution or only heat release in the solution before the flash distillation of carrying out of the absorber 2 of flowing through, flow through absorber 2 heat absorption and solution after the part vaporization enters flash vessel 5 and discharges refrigerant vapours and provide to condenser A4, and the concentrated solution of flash vessel 5 enters second absorber 6 and absorbs the refrigerant vapour of self-absorption-evaporimeter C4 and heat release in heated medium; Cryogenerator F4, generator 1 becomes cryogen liquid with the refrigerant vapour heat release that flash vessel 5 enters condenser A4 respectively in cooling medium, the cryogen liquid of condenser A4 is through cryogen liquid pump D4 pressurization or enter evaporimeter B4 heat absorption vaporization and the absorption-evaporimeter C4 that directly the flows through vaporization of absorbing heat through choke valve E4 respectively, or enter directly that evaporimeter B4 partly absorbs heat vaporization and another part is vaporized through absorptions-evaporimeter C4 heat absorption through the second cryogen liquid pump J4 pressurized stream again, evaporimeter B4 provides refrigerant vapour to absorption-evaporimeter C4, and absorption-evaporimeter C4 is respectively to generator 1, the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 provide refrigerant vapour; Generator 1, absorber 2, solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4, condenser A4, evaporimeter B4, absorption-evaporimeter C4, cryogen liquid pump D4, the choke valve E4 or the second cryogen liquid pump J4, cryogenerator F4, the 4th solution pump G4, the 3rd solution heat exchanger I4 and the second choke valve H4 form the dual occurrence type two-stage second class absorption heat pump structure, the heat release of absorber 2 is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber 6 is used to satisfy the second stage elevated temperature heat demand of heated medium, obtains solution series and loops back hot type double-generator type two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
The solution independent loops back-heating type dual occurrence type two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump of employing solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 180, with shown in Figure 16 comparing, the difference of the two is: Figure 16 loops back hot type generation-absorption system based on solution series shown in Figure 1, and Figure 18 is based on solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 3; The two is consistent in others.
Figure 19, shown in Figure 20, the solution series that adopts solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump and is achieved in that
1. on the structure,------solution series shown in and Fig. 2---corresponding Figure 20---loops back hot type generation-absorption system to corresponding Figure 19 based on Fig. 1, increase by the second generator A5, condenser B5, evaporimeter C5, the 4th solution pump D5, choke valve E5 and cryogen liquid pump F5, make low pressure generator with the second generator A5, having the weak solution pipeline to change absorber 2 into through solution heat exchanger 4 connection generators 1 absorber 2 has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with the second generator A5 through solution heat exchanger 4, the second generator A5 has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with generator 1 through the 4th solution pump D5 again, the second generator A5 had the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser B5 through choke valve E5 again after generator 1 also had the refrigerant vapour pipeline connection second generator A5, the second generator A5 and flash vessel 5 also have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser B5 respectively, condenser B5 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter C5 through cryogen liquid pump F5, evaporimeter C5 has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively, condenser B5 also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter C5 also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications.
2. on the flow process, the heating of waste heat medium is provided as its driving thermal medium to the second generator A5 by the second generator A5 enters generator 1 through the 4th solution pump D5 solution release refrigerant vapour, the refrigerant vapour heating that drives thermal medium as the second generator A5 is provided to condenser B5 through the solution release refrigerant vapour that solution heat exchanger 4 enters the second generator A5 by absorber 2, the condensate liquid that the refrigerant vapour heat release forms enters condenser B5 after choke valve E5 throttling, the heating of waste heat medium becomes refrigerant vapour to provide to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively by condenser B5 through the cryogen liquid that cryogen liquid pump F5 enters evaporimeter C5, the refrigerant vapour that enters absorber 2 absorbed by solution from second absorber 6 and respectively heat release in the heated medium and the absorber 2 of flowing through carry out before the flash distillation solution or only heat release in the solution before the flash distillation of carrying out of the absorber 2 of flowing through, flow through absorber 2 heat absorption and solution after the part vaporization enters flash vessel 5 and discharges refrigerant vapours and provide to condenser B5, and the concentrated solution of flash vessel 5 is through second solution pump 7, second solution heat exchanger 9 enters second absorber 6 and absorbs the refrigerant vapour of flash-pot C5 and heat release in heated medium; The refrigerant vapour of the second generator A5 and flash vessel 5 enters condenser B5 heat release and becomes cryogen liquid in cooling medium, other has cryogen liquid to enter condenser B5 through choke valve E5 throttling, and the cryogen liquid of condenser B5 enters evaporimeter C5, absorbs heat into refrigerant vapour and provide to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively through cryogen liquid pump F5 pressurization; Generator 1, absorber 2, solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4, the second generator A5, condenser B5, evaporimeter C5, the 4th solution pump D5, choke valve E5 and cryogen liquid pump F5 form solution series circulation double-effect heat pump, the heat release of absorber 2 is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber 6 is used to satisfy the second stage elevated temperature heat demand of heated medium, obtains solution series and loops back hot type solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
Shown in Figure 21, the solution series that adopts solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump and also can realize like this:
1. on the structure, loop back hot type generation-absorption system based on solution series shown in Figure 1, increase by the second generator A5, condenser B5, evaporimeter C5, the 4th solution pump D5, choke valve E5, cryogen liquid pump F5 and the 5th solution pump G5, the second generator A5 makes high pressure generator, set up solution pipeline second generator A5 after the 4th solution pump D5 is communicated with the second generator A5 from generator 1 and the solution pipeline is arranged again through the 5th solution pump G5, solution heat exchanger 4 is communicated with absorber 2, generator 1 there is the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump 3, being communicated with absorber 2 and flash vessel 5 behind the solution heat exchanger 4 successively changes generator 1 into and has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with absorber 2 and flash vessel 5 successively behind solution pump 3, the second generator A5 also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection generator 1 back generator 1 to have the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser B5 through choke valve E5 again---and the refrigerant vapour that the second generator A5 produces is the driving thermal medium of generator 1, generator 1 and flash vessel 5 also have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser B5 respectively, condenser B5 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter C5 through cryogen liquid pump F5, evaporimeter C5 has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively, condenser B5 also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter C5 also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications.
2. on the flow process, the solution that waste heat medium heating enters the second generator A5 by generator 1 through the 4th solution pump D5 discharges refrigerant vapour to be provided as it to generator 1 and drives thermal medium, and the solution that the refrigerant vapour heating that drives thermal medium as generator 1 enters generator 1 by absorber 2 through solution heat exchanger 4 discharges refrigerant vapour and enters condenser B5 to the condensate liquid that condenser B5 provides, the refrigerant vapour heat release forms after choke valve E5 throttling; The heating of waste heat medium becomes refrigerant vapour to provide to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively by condenser B5 through the cryogen liquid that cryogen liquid pump F5 enters evaporimeter C5, the refrigerant vapour that enters absorber 2 by by second absorber 6 through second solution heat exchanger 9, the solution that the 3rd solution pump 8 enters absorber 2 absorb and respectively heat release in heated medium and heating by generator 1 through flow through the successively solution of absorber 2 and flash vessel 5 of solution pump 3, flow through absorber 2 heat absorption and solution after the part vaporization enters flash vessel 5 and discharges refrigerant vapours and provide to condenser B5, and the concentrated solution of flash vessel 5 is through second solution pump 7, second solution heat exchanger 9 enters second absorber 6 and absorbs the refrigerant vapour of flash-pot C5 and heat release in heated medium; The refrigerant vapour of the second generator A5 and flash vessel 5 enters condenser B5 heat release and becomes cryogen liquid in cooling medium, other has cryogen liquid to enter condenser B5 through choke valve E5 throttling, and the cryogen liquid of condenser B5 enters evaporimeter C5, absorbs heat into refrigerant vapour and provide to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively through cryogen liquid pump F5 pressurization; Generator 1, absorber 2, solution heat exchanger 4, the second generator A5, condenser B5, evaporimeter C5, the 4th solution pump D5, choke valve E5, cryogen liquid pump F5 and the 5th solution pump G5 form solution series circulation double-effect heat pump, the heat release of absorber 2 is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber 6 is used to satisfy heated medium second stage heat demand, obtains solution series and loops back hot type solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
Among Figure 19, Figure 20, the second generator A5 is as the low pressure generator in the double-effect heat pump flow process; And in Figure 21, the second generator A5 is as the high pressure generator in the double-effect heat pump flow process.
The solution independent loops back-heating type solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump of employing solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 22, with shown in Figure 19 comparing, the difference of the two is: Figure 19 loops back hot type generation-absorption system based on solution series shown in Figure 1, and Figure 20 is based on solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 3; The two is consistent in others.
Shown in Figure 23, the solution series that adopts solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump and can also be achieved in that
1. on the structure, loop back hot type generation-absorption system based on solution series shown in Figure 1, increase by the second generator A5, condenser B5, evaporimeter C5, choke valve E5, cryogen liquid pump F5 and the 3rd solution heat exchanger H5, the second generator A5 makes high pressure generator, having the weak solution pipeline to change absorber 2 into through solution heat exchanger 4 connection generators 1 absorber 2 has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with the second generator A5 through solution heat exchanger 4, the second generator A5 has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with generator 1 through the 3rd solution heat exchanger H5 again, generator 1 there is the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump 3, being communicated with absorber 2 behind the solution heat exchanger 4 successively changes generator 1 into flash vessel 5 and the concentrated solution pipeline is arranged through solution pump 3, the 3rd solution heat exchanger H5, be communicated with absorber 2 and flash vessel 5 behind the solution heat exchanger 4 successively, the second generator A5 also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection generator 1 back generator 1 to have the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser B5 through choke valve E5 again---and the second generator A5 produces the driving thermal medium that refrigerant vapour is made generator 1, generator 1 and flash vessel 5 also have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser B5 respectively, condenser B5 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter C5 through cryogen liquid pump F5, evaporimeter C5 has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively, condenser B5 also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter C5 also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications.
2. on the flow process, the heating of waste heat medium is provided as its driving thermal medium to generator 1 by absorber 2 enters the second generator A5 through solution heat exchanger 4 solution release refrigerant vapour, the refrigerant vapour heating that drives thermal medium as generator 1 is provided to condenser B5 through the solution release refrigerant vapour that the 3rd solution heat exchanger H5 enters generator 1 by the second generator A5, the condensate liquid that the refrigerant vapour heat release forms enters condenser B5 after choke valve E5 throttling, the heating of waste heat medium becomes refrigerant vapour to provide to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively by condenser B5 through the cryogen liquid that cryogen liquid pump F5 enters evaporimeter C5, the refrigerant vapour that enters absorber 2 absorbed by solution from second absorber 6 and respectively heat release in the solution before the flash distillation of carrying out of the heated medium and the absorber 2 of flowing through, flow through absorber 2 heat absorption and solution after the part vaporization enters flash vessel 5 and discharges refrigerant vapours and provide to condenser B5, and the concentrated solution of flash vessel 5 is through second solution pump 7, second solution heat exchanger 9 enters second absorber 6 and absorbs the refrigerant vapour of flash-pot C5 and heat release in heated medium; The refrigerant vapour of generator 1 and flash vessel 5 enters condenser B5 heat release and becomes cryogen liquid in cooling medium, other has cryogen liquid to enter condenser B5 through choke valve E5 throttling, and the cryogen liquid of condenser B5 enters evaporimeter C5, absorbs heat into refrigerant vapour and provide to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively through cryogen liquid pump F5 pressurization; Generator 1, absorber 2, solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4, the second generator A5, condenser B5, evaporimeter C5, choke valve E5, cryogen liquid pump F5 and the 3rd solution heat exchanger H5 constitute solution series circulation double-effect heat pump, the heat release of absorber 2 is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber 6 is used to satisfy the second stage elevated temperature heat demand of heated medium, obtains solution series and loops back hot type solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
The solution independent loops back-heating type solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump of employing solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 24, with shown in Figure 23 comparing, the difference of the two is: Figure 23 loops back hot type generation-absorption system based on solution series shown in Figure 1, and Figure 24 is based on solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 3; The two is consistent in others.
Figure 25, shown in Figure 26, the solution series that adopts solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loop back hot type solution circulation economic benefits and social benefits in parallel type II high-temperature absorption heat pump and are achieved in that
1. on the structure,------solution series shown in and Fig. 2---corresponding Figure 26---loops back hot type generation-absorption system to corresponding Figure 25 based on Fig. 1, increase by the second generator A5, condenser B5, evaporimeter C5, the 4th solution pump D5, choke valve E5, cryogen liquid pump F5 and the 3rd solution heat exchanger H5, the second generator A5 makes low pressure generator, the second generator A5 has the solution pipeline through the 4th solution pump D5, the 3rd solution heat exchanger H5 is communicated with absorber 2 back absorbers 2 has the solution pipeline to be communicated with the second generator A5 through the 3rd solution heat exchanger H5 again, the second generator A5 had the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser B5 through choke valve E5 again after generator 1 had the refrigerant vapour pipeline connection second generator A5, the second generator A5 and flash vessel 5 also have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser B5 respectively, condenser B5 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter C5 through cryogen liquid pump F5, evaporimeter C5 has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively, condenser B5 also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter C5 also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications.
2. on the flow process, the heating of waste heat medium is provided as its driving thermal medium to the second generator A5 by absorber 2 enters generator 1 through solution heat exchanger 4 solution release refrigerant vapour, and the refrigerant vapour heating enters condenser B5 to the condensate liquid that condenser B5 provides, the refrigerant vapour heat release forms through choke valve E5 throttling through the solution release refrigerant vapour that the 3rd solution heat exchanger H5 enters the second generator A5 by absorber 2; The heating of waste heat medium becomes refrigerant vapour to provide to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively by condenser B5 through the cryogen liquid that cryogen liquid pump F5 enters evaporimeter C5, the refrigerant vapour that enters absorber 2 by respectively by second absorber 6 through second solution heat exchanger 9, the 3rd solution pump 8 and by the second generator A5 through the 4th solution pump D5, the solution that the 3rd solution heat exchanger H5 enters absorber 2 absorb and respectively heat release in heated medium and from generator 1 through solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4 the flow through solution of absorber 2 or the flow through solution of absorber 2 of heating only, flow through absorber 2 heat absorption and solution after the part vaporization enters flash vessel 5 and discharges refrigerant vapours and provide to condenser B5, and the concentrated solution of flash vessel 5 is through second solution pump 7, second solution heat exchanger 9 enters second absorber 6 and absorbs the refrigerant vapour of flash-pot C5 and heat release in heated medium; The refrigerant vapour of the second generator A5, flash vessel 5 enters condenser B5 heat release and becomes cryogen liquid in cooling medium, other has cryogen liquid to enter condenser B5 through choke valve E5 throttling, and cryogen liquid enters evaporimeter C5 through cryogen liquid pump F5 pressurization and absorbs heat into refrigerant vapour and provide to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively; Generator 1, absorber 2, solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4, the second generator A5, condenser B5, evaporimeter C5, the 4th solution pump D5, choke valve E5, cryogen liquid pump F5 and the 3rd solution heat exchanger H5 form solution circulation double-effect heat pump in parallel, the heat release of absorber 2 is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the demand for heat before the flash distillation or only satisfy demand for heat before solution carries out flash distillation, heated medium second stage heat demand is satisfied in the heat release of second absorber 6, obtains solution series and loops back hot type solution circulation economic benefits and social benefits in parallel type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
The solution independent loops back-heating type solution of employing solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 27 circulation economic benefits and social benefits in parallel type II high-temperature absorption heat pump, with shown in Figure 27 comparing, the difference of the two is: Figure 25 loops back hot type generation-absorption system based on solution series shown in Figure 1, and Figure 27 is based on solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 3; The two is consistent in others.
Shown in Figure 28, the solution series that adopts solution series to loop back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type solution series circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump and is achieved in that
1. on the structure, loop back hot type generation-absorption system based on solution series shown in Figure 1, increase by the second generator A6, the 3rd generator B6, condenser C6, evaporimeter D6, the 4th solution pump E6, the 5th solution pump F6, choke valve G6, the second choke valve H6 and cryogen liquid pump I6, to press generator in the second generator A6 work, the 3rd generator B6 makes low pressure generator, having the weak solution pipeline to change absorber 2 into through solution heat exchanger 4 connection generators 1 absorber 2 has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with the 3rd generator B6 through solution heat exchanger 4, the 3rd generator B6 has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with the second generator A6 through the 4th solution pump E6 again, the second generator A6 has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with generator 1 through the 5th solution pump F6 again, the second generator A6 had the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser C6 through choke valve G6 again after generator 1 also had the refrigerant vapour pipeline connection second generator A6, the 3rd generator B6 had the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser C6 through the second choke valve H6 again after the second generator A6 also had refrigerant vapour pipeline connection the 3rd generator B6, the 3rd generator B6 and flash vessel 5 also have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser C6 respectively, condenser C6 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter D6 through cryogen liquid pump I6, evaporimeter D6 also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively, condenser C6 also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter D6 also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications.
2. on the flow process, the heating of waste heat medium is provided as its driving thermal medium to the second generator A6 by the second generator A6 enters generator 1 through the 5th solution pump F6 solution release refrigerant vapour, the refrigerant vapour heating that drives thermal medium as the second generator A6 is provided as its driving thermal medium to the 3rd generator B6 by the 3rd generator B6 enters the second generator A6 through the 4th solution pump E6 solution release refrigerant vapour, the condensate liquid that the refrigerant vapour heat release forms enters condenser C6 after choke valve G6 throttling, the refrigerant vapour heating that drives thermal medium as the 3rd generator B6 is provided to condenser C6 through the solution release refrigerant vapour that solution heat exchanger 4 enters the 3rd generator B6 by absorber 2, the condensate liquid that the refrigerant vapour heat release forms enters condenser C6 after the second choke valve H6 throttling; The 3rd generator B6 and the refrigerant vapour of flash vessel 5 enter condenser C6 heat release with the refrigerant medium after choke valve G6 and the second choke valve H6 throttling respectively and become cryogen liquid in cooling medium, the heating of waste heat medium becomes refrigerant vapour to provide to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively by condenser C6 through the cryogen liquid that cryogen liquid pump I6 enters evaporimeter D6, the solution that the refrigerant vapour that enters absorber 2 is entered absorber 2 absorb and respectively heat release in the solution before the flash distillation of carrying out of the heated medium and the absorber 2 of flowing through, flow through absorber 2 heat absorption and solution after the part vaporization enters flash vessel 5 and discharges refrigerant vapours and provide to condenser C6, and the concentrated solution of flash vessel 5 is through second solution pump 7, second solution heat exchanger 9 enters second absorber 6 and absorbs the refrigerant vapour of flash-pot D6 and heat release in heated medium; Generator 1, absorber 2, solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4, the second generator A6, the 3rd generator B6, condenser C6, evaporimeter D6, the 4th solution pump E5, the 5th solution pump F6, choke valve G6, the second choke valve H6 and cryogen liquid pump I6 form solution series circulation three-effect second class absorption heat pump structure and the flow process, the heat release of absorber 2 is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber 6 is used to satisfy the second stage elevated temperature heat demand of heated medium, obtains solution series and loops back hot type solution series circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
When looping back hot type generation-absorption system with solution series shown in Figure 2 when being the basis, the heat release that above-mentioned solution series loops back the absorber 2 in the hot type solution series circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump only is used to satisfy the demand for heat before solution carries out flash distillation.
The solution independent loops back-heating type solution series circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump of employing solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 29, with shown in Figure 32 comparing, the difference of the two is: Figure 28 loops back hot type generation-absorption system based on solution series shown in Figure 1, and Figure 29 is based on solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 3; The two is consistent in others.
Shown in Figure 30, adopt the solution independent loops back-heating type solution series circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump of solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system to be achieved in that
1. on the structure, based on solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 3, increase by the second generator A6, the 3rd generator B6, condenser C6, evaporimeter D6, choke valve G6, the second choke valve H6, cryogen liquid pump I6, the 3rd solution heat exchanger J6 and the 4th solution heat exchanger K6, to press generator in the second generator A6 work, the 3rd generator B6 makes low pressure generator, generator 1 there is the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump 3, the pipeline that solution heat exchanger 4 is communicated with absorber 2 changes generator 1 into has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with the second generator A6 through the 3rd solution heat exchanger J6, the second generator A6 has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with the 3rd generator B6 through the 4th solution heat exchanger K6 again, the 3rd generator B6 has the concentrated solution pipeline again through solution pump 3, the 4th solution heat exchanger K6, the 3rd solution heat exchanger J6 and solution heat exchanger 4 are communicated with absorber 2, the second generator A6 had the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser C6 through choke valve G6 again after generator 1 also had the refrigerant vapour pipeline connection second generator A6, the 3rd generator B6 had the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser C6 through the second choke valve H6 again after the second generator A6 also had refrigerant vapour pipeline connection the 3rd generator B6, the 3rd generator B6 and flash vessel 5 also have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser C6 respectively, condenser C6 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter D6 through cryogen liquid pump I6, evaporimeter D6 also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively, condenser C6 also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter D6 also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications.
2. on the flow process, the heating of waste heat medium is provided as its driving thermal medium to the second generator A6 by absorber 2 enters generator 1 through solution heat exchanger 4 solution release refrigerant vapour, the refrigerant vapour heating that drives thermal medium as the second generator A6 is provided as its driving thermal medium to the 3rd generator B6 by generator 1 enters the second generator A6 through the 3rd solution heat exchanger J6 solution release refrigerant vapour, the condensate liquid that the refrigerant vapour heat release forms enters condenser C6 after choke valve G6 throttling, the refrigerant vapour heating that drives thermal medium as the 3rd generator B6 is provided to condenser C6 through the solution release refrigerant vapour that the 4th solution heat exchanger K6 enters the 3rd generator B6 by the second generator A6, the condensate liquid that the refrigerant vapour heat release forms enters condenser C6 after the second choke valve H6 throttling; The 3rd generator B6 and the refrigerant vapour of flash vessel 5 enter condenser C6 heat release with the refrigerant medium after choke valve G6 and the second choke valve H6 throttling respectively and become cryogen liquid in cooling medium, the heating of waste heat medium becomes refrigerant vapour to provide to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively by condenser C6 through the cryogen liquid that cryogen liquid pump I6 enters evaporimeter D6, the solution that the refrigerant vapour that enters absorber 2 is entered absorber 2 absorbs and the solution of heat release before heated medium and the absorber 2 of flowing through carry out flash distillation respectively, flow through absorber 2 heat absorption and solution after the part vaporization enters flash vessel 5 and discharges refrigerant vapours and provide to condenser C6, and the concentrated solution of flash vessel 5 is through second solution pump 7, second solution heat exchanger 9 enters second absorber 6 and absorbs the refrigerant vapour of flash-pot D6 and heat release in heated medium; Generator 1, absorber 2, solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4, the second generator A6, the 3rd generator B6, condenser C6, evaporimeter D6, the 3rd solution heat exchanger J6, the 4th solution heat exchanger K6, choke valve G6, the second choke valve H6 and cryogen liquid pump I6 form solution series circulation three-effect second class absorption heat pump structure and the flow process, the heat release of absorber 2 is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber 6 is used to satisfy the second stage elevated temperature heat demand of heated medium, obtains solution independent loops back-heating type solution series circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
The solution series that employing solution series shown in Figure 31 loops back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type solution series circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump, with shown in Figure 34 comparing, the difference of the two is: Figure 30 is based on solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 3, and Figure 31 loops back hot type generation-absorption system based on solution series shown in Figure 1; The two is consistent in others.
Shown in Figure 32, adopt the solution independent loops back-heating type solution circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump in parallel of solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system to be achieved in that
1. on the structure, based on solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 3, increase by the second generator A6, the 3rd generator B6, condenser C6, evaporimeter D6, the 4th solution pump E6, the 5th solution pump F6, choke valve G6, the second choke valve H6, cryogen liquid pump I6, the 3rd solution heat exchanger J6 and the 4th solution heat exchanger K6, to press generator in the second generator A6 work, the 3rd generator B6 makes low pressure generator, the second generator A6 has the concentrated solution pipeline through the 4th solution pump E6, the 3rd solution heat exchanger J6 is communicated with absorber 2 back absorbers 2 has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with the second generator A6 through the 3rd solution heat exchanger J6 again, the 3rd generator B6 has the concentrated solution pipeline through the 5th solution pump F6, the 4th solution heat exchanger K6 is communicated with absorber 2 back absorbers 2 has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with the 3rd generator B6 through the 4th solution heat exchanger K6 again, the second generator A6 had the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser C6 through choke valve G6 again after generator 1 also had the refrigerant vapour pipeline connection second generator A6, the 3rd generator B6 had the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser C6 through the second choke valve H6 again after the second generator A6 also had refrigerant vapour pipeline connection the 3rd generator B6, the 3rd generator B6 and flash vessel 5 also have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser C6 respectively, condenser C6 also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter D6 through cryogen liquid pump I6, evaporimeter D6 also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively, condenser C6 also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter D6 also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications.
2. on the flow process, the heating of waste heat medium is provided as its driving thermal medium to the second generator A6 by absorber 2 enters generator 1 through solution heat exchanger 4 solution release refrigerant vapour, the refrigerant vapour heating that drives thermal medium as the second generator A6 is provided as its driving thermal medium to the 3rd generator B6 by absorber 2 enters the second generator A6 through the 3rd solution heat exchanger J6 solution release refrigerant vapour, the condensate liquid that the refrigerant vapour heat release forms enters condenser C6 after choke valve G6 throttling, the refrigerant vapour heating that drives thermal medium as the 3rd generator B6 is provided to condenser C6 through the solution release refrigerant vapour that the 4th solution heat exchanger K6 enters the 3rd generator B6 by absorber 2, the condensate liquid that the refrigerant vapour heat release forms enters condenser C6 after the second choke valve H6 throttling; The 3rd generator B6 and the refrigerant vapour of flash vessel 5 enter condenser C6 heat release with the refrigerant medium after choke valve G6 and the second choke valve H6 throttling respectively and become cryogen liquid in cooling medium, the heating of waste heat medium becomes refrigerant vapour to provide to the absorber 2 and second absorber 6 respectively by condenser C6 through the cryogen liquid that cryogen liquid pump I6 enters evaporimeter D6, the solution that the refrigerant vapour that enters absorber 2 is entered absorber 2 absorbs and the solution of heat release before heated medium and the absorber 2 of flowing through carry out flash distillation respectively, flow through absorber 2 heat absorption and solution after the part vaporization enters flash vessel 5 and discharges refrigerant vapours and provide to condenser C6, and the concentrated solution of flash vessel 5 is through second solution pump 7, second solution heat exchanger 9 enters second absorber 6 and absorbs the refrigerant vapour of flash-pot D6 and heat release in heated medium; Generator 1, absorber 2, solution pump 3, solution heat exchanger 4, the second generator A6, the 3rd generator B6, condenser C6, evaporimeter D6, the 4th solution pump E6, the 5th solution pump F6, the 3rd solution heat exchanger J6, the 4th solution heat exchanger K6, choke valve G6, the second choke valve H6 and cryogen liquid pump I6 form solution circulation three-effect second class absorption heat pump structure and the flow process in parallel, the heat release of absorber 2 is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber 6 is used to satisfy heated medium second stage elevated temperature heat demand, obtains solution independent loops back-heating type solution series circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
The solution series that employing solution series shown in Figure 33 loops back hot type generation-absorption system loops back hot type solution circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump in parallel, with shown in Figure 32 comparing, the difference of the two is: Figure 32 is based on solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system shown in Figure 3, and Figure 33 loops back hot type generation-absorption system based on solution series shown in Figure 1; The two is consistent in others.
Shown in Figure 34, the solution independent loops back-heating type single-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump of additional high-temperature heat supply end is achieved in that
1. on the structure, in solution independent loops back-heating type single-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump as shown in Figure 7, increase newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter a, newly-increased absorber b, newly-increased solution heat exchanger c, the newly-increased second solution heat exchanger d and newly-increased cryogen liquid pump e; Set up the solution pipeline through the newly-increased second solution heat exchanger d from second solution pump 7, newly-increased solution heat exchanger c is communicated with newly-increased absorber b, newly-increased absorber b also has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter a through newly-increased solution heat exchanger c, newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter a also has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with absorber 2 and flash vessel 5 successively through the newly-increased second solution heat exchanger d, flash-pot B1 sets up cryogen liquid pipeline newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter a after newly-increased cryogen liquid pump e is communicated with newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter a has the refrigerant vapour pipeline connection to increase absorber b newly again, evaporimeter B1 also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline connection to increase absorption-evaporimeter a newly, and newly-increased absorber b also has heated medium pipeline and external communications.
2. on the flow process, flash vessel 5 provides solution, absorbs from the refrigerant vapour of newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter a and heat release in heated medium to newly-increased absorber b by second solution pump 7, the solution of newly-increased absorber b enters newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter a, the refrigerant vapour that absorbs flash-pot B1 and heat release through newly-increased solution heat exchanger c and becomes refrigerant vapour to provide for newly-increased absorber b in another road cryogen liquid, newly-increased absorber b is the adjacent high-temperature heat supply end of second absorber 6, obtains having the type II high-temperature absorption heat pump of additional high-temperature heat supply end.
Shown in Figure 35, the solution series of additional high-temperature heat supply end loops back hot type solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump and is achieved in that
1. on the structure, in solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump, increase newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter a, newly-increased absorber b, newly-increased solution heat exchanger c, newly-increased second solution heat exchanger d and newly-increased choke valve f, set up the solution pipeline through the newly-increased second solution heat exchanger d from second solution pump 7, newly-increased solution heat exchanger c is communicated with newly-increased absorber b, newly-increased absorber b also has the solution pipeline to be communicated with newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter a through newly-increased solution heat exchanger c, newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter a also has the solution pipeline to be communicated with absorber 2 through the newly-increased second solution heat exchanger d, self cooling condenser B5 newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter a after cryogen liquid pump F5 sets up the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with newly-increased absorptions-evaporimeter a has the refrigerant vapour pipeline connection to increase absorber b newly and simultaneously condenser B5 directly is communicated with evaporimeter C5 through cryogen liquid pump F5 to change condenser B5 into through cryogen liquid pump F5 again, newly-increased choke valve f is communicated with evaporimeter C5, evaporimeter C5 also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline connection to increase absorption-evaporimeter a newly, and newly-increased absorber b also has heated medium pipeline and external communications.
2. on the flow process, flash vessel 5 is by second solution pump 7, newly-increased second solution heat exchanger d and newly-increased solution heat exchanger c provide solution to newly-increased absorber b, absorption from the refrigerant vapour of newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter a and heat release in heated medium, the solution of newly-increased absorber b enters newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter a through newly-increased solution heat exchanger c, absorb refrigerant vapour and the heat release of flash-pot C5 to become refrigerant vapour to provide for newly-increased absorber b in another road cryogen liquid of the newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter a that flows through, newly-increased absorber b is the adjacent high-temperature heat supply end of second absorber 6, obtains having the solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump of additional high-temperature heat supply end.
Figure 34, Figure 35 are two representatives of the additional high-temperature heat supply end of back-heating type type II high-temperature absorption heat pump; Other type II high-temperature absorption heat pump based on regenerative generation-absorption system all can be adopted the additional high-temperature heat supply end that uses the same method among the present invention.
The effect that the technology of the present invention can realize---regenerative generation-absorption system and type II high-temperature absorption heat pump proposed by the invention have following effect and advantage:
1. regenerative generation-absorption system provided by the invention has adopted the combination of flash vessel and absorber, not only structure letter Single, and make the heat transfer link in the heat recovery process minimum, improved the heat supply temperature of system, reduced manufacturing cost.
2. type II high-temperature absorption unit provided by the invention, simple in structure, flow process is reasonable, can reduce equipment manufacturing cost.
3. type II high-temperature absorption unit provided by the invention keeps the superior performance index, can improve UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN efficient.
4. type II high-temperature absorption heat pump provided by the invention can utilize the waste heat of lower temperature and provides more to the user The heat supply of high-temperature has enlarged the heat supply temperature scope of second-kind absorption-type heat pump.
5. regenerative generation-absorption system provided by the invention and type II high-temperature absorption heat pump, have low-temperature heat supply terminal and High-temperature heat supply end utilizes the present invention can further improve energy-saving benefit in the wide occasion of heated medium range of temperature; And has a heat supply temperature adjustable range advantage wide, easy to adjust.
In a word, regenerative generation-absorption system provided by the invention and type II high-temperature absorption heat pump can be realized unit The diversity of kind realizes the simplification of set structure and the high-temperature heat supply of unit, and keeps the superior performance index, and is better Ground satisfies user's heat demand, has good creativeness, novelty and practicality.

Claims (10)

1. regenerative generation-absorption system, be the concentrated solution pipeline to be arranged through solution pump (3) by generator (1) at what be applied to second class absorption heat pump, solution heat exchanger (4) is communicated with absorber (2), absorber (2) has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with generator (1) through solution heat exchanger (4), also have surplus heat respectively medium or drive thermal medium pipeline and external communications and refrigerant vapour pipeline and external communications are arranged of generator (1), absorber (2) also has heated medium pipeline and external communications respectively and refrigerant vapour pipeline and the formed generation-absorption system of external communications is arranged, or introducing flash vessel (5), second absorber (6), second solution pump (7), the 3rd solution pump (8) and second solution heat exchanger (9), and adopt solution series to circulate---generator (1) there is the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump (3), solution heat exchanger (4) connection absorber (2) changes generator (1) into has the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump (3), solution heat exchanger (4) is communicated with absorber (2) and flash vessel (5) successively, establish the concentrated solution pipeline through second solution pump (7) by flash vessel (5) again, second solution heat exchanger (9) is communicated with second absorber (6) and second absorber (6) has the weak solution pipeline again through second solution heat exchanger (9), the 3rd solution pump (8) is communicated with absorber (2), absorber (2), second absorber (6) has the refrigerant vapour pipeline respectively and heated medium pipeline and external communications is arranged, generator (1), flash vessel (5) has refrigerant vapour pipeline and external communications respectively, waste heat medium or drive weak solution that thermal medium adds heater (1) and discharge behind the refrigerant vapour concentrated solution and flow through and enter flash vessel (5) again after the vaporization of absorber (2) heat absorbing part and discharge refrigerant vapour, concentrated solution after concentration further improves from flash vessel (5) through second solution pump (7), second solution heat exchanger (9) enters second absorber (6) and absorbs from the outer refrigerant vapour of system and emit the demand for heat that elevated temperature heat satisfies the heated medium second stage, solution after concentration reduces is through second solution heat exchanger (9), the 3rd solution pump (8) enters absorber (2) absorption and also heats the solution of the absorber (2) of flowing through and satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I from the outer refrigerant vapour of system, solution after concentration further reduces is got back to generator (1) through solution heat exchanger (4) and is heated and discharges refrigerant vapour, obtains solution series and loops back hot type generation-absorption system; Or introducing flash vessel (5), second absorber (6), second solution pump (7) and second solution heat exchanger (9), and employing solution independent loops---flash vessel (5) has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with second absorber (6) through second solution pump (7) with second solution heat exchanger (9), second absorber (6) has weak solution to be communicated with absorber (2) and flash vessel (5) successively through second solution heat exchanger (9) again, absorber (2), second absorber (6) has the refrigerant vapour pipeline respectively and heated medium pipeline and external communications is arranged, generator (1), flash vessel (5) has refrigerant vapour pipeline and external communications respectively, the waste heat medium or drive weak solution that thermal medium adds heater (1) and discharge refrigerant vapour after concentrated solution enter absorber (2), absorption is also heated the solution of the absorber (2) of flowing through and is satisfied the demand for heat of heated medium phase I from the outer refrigerant vapour of system, absorber (2) weak solution is got back to generator (1) through solution heat exchanger (4) again, flow through and enter flash vessel (5) again after the solution heat absorbing part vaporization of absorber (2) and discharge refrigerant vapour, concentrated solution after concentration further improves from flash vessel (5) through second solution pump (7), second solution heat exchanger (9) enters second absorber (6) and absorbs from the outer refrigerant vapour of system and emit the demand for heat that elevated temperature heat satisfies the heated medium second stage, solution after concentration reduces enters flash vessel (5) after second solution heat exchanger (9) is flowed through absorber (2) heat absorption, obtain solution independent loops regenerative generation-absorption system; When no heated medium pipeline of absorber (2) and external communications, the heat that absorber (2) absorption refrigerant vapour is emitted only is used for heating the solution of absorber (2) of flowing through.
2. on the described regenerative generation-absorption system of claim 1, with the waste heat medium is the driving thermal medium of generator (1), increase condenser (A1), evaporimeter (B1) and cryogen liquid pump (C1), generator (1) and flash vessel (5) have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser (A1) respectively, condenser (A1) also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter (B1) through cryogen liquid pump (C1), evaporimeter (B1) has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with absorber (2) and second absorber (6) respectively, condenser (A1) also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter (B1) also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications, generator (1), absorber (2), solution pump (3), solution heat exchanger (4), condenser (A1), evaporimeter (B1) and cryogen liquid pump (C1) are formed the single-stage second class absorption heat pump structure, the heat release of absorber (2) is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies the preceding demand for heat of solution flash distillation or only be used to satisfy the preceding demand for heat of solution flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber (6) is used to satisfy the heat demand of heated medium second stage, obtains the single-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
3. on the described regenerative generation-absorption system of claim 1, with the waste heat medium is the driving thermal medium of generator (1), increase condenser (A2), evaporimeter (B2), absorption-evaporimeter (C2), the choke valve (E2) or the second cryogen liquid pump (G2), cryogen liquid pump (D2) and the 3rd solution heat exchanger (F2), having the weak solution pipeline to change absorber (2) into through solution heat exchanger (4) connection generator (1) absorber in the regenerative generation-absorption system (2) has weak solution pipeline absorption-evaporimeter (C2) after the 3rd solution heat exchanger (F2) is communicated with absorption-evaporimeter (C2) to have the solution pipeline to be communicated with generator (1) through solution heat exchanger (4) again, generator (1) there is the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump (3), solution heat exchanger (4) is communicated with absorber (2) or is communicated with absorber (2) successively and flash vessel (5) changes generator (1) into and the concentrated solution pipeline arranged through solution pump (3), be communicated with absorber (2) or be communicated with absorber (2) successively and flash vessel (5) through the 3rd solution heat exchanger (F2) again behind the solution heat exchanger (4), generator (1) and flash vessel (5) have the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with condenser (A2) respectively, or condenser (A2) also has the cryogen liquid pipeline by being communicated with evaporimeter (B2) and directly being communicated with absorption-evaporimeter (C2) through choke valve (E2) respectively behind the cryogen liquid pump (D2), or condenser (A2) also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter (B2) by cryogen liquid pump (D2) and evaporimeter (B2) also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with absorption-evaporimeter (C2) through the second cryogen liquid pump (G2), absorption-evaporimeter (C2) has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with absorber (2) and second absorber (6) respectively again, evaporimeter (B2) also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection absorption-evaporimeter (C2), condenser (A2) also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter (B2) also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications; Generator (1), absorber (2), solution pump (3), solution heat exchanger (4), condenser (A2), evaporimeter (B2), absorption-evaporimeter (C2), cryogen liquid pump (D2), the choke valve (E2) or the second cryogen liquid pump (G2), the 3rd solution heat exchanger (F2) is formed the one generator type two-stage second class absorption heat pump structure, the heat release of absorber (2) is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies the preceding demand for heat of solution flash distillation or only be used to satisfy the preceding demand for heat of solution flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber (6) is used to satisfy the heat demand of heated medium second stage, obtains one generator type two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
4. on the described regenerative generation-absorption system of claim 1, with the waste heat medium is the driving thermal medium of generator (1), increase condenser (A3), evaporimeter (B3), one-level absorption-evaporimeter (C3), secondary absorption-evaporimeter (D3), cryogen liquid pump (E3), choke valve (F3), second choke valve (G3), the 3rd solution heat exchanger (H3) and the 4th solution heat exchanger (I3), having the weak solution pipeline to change absorber (2) into through solution heat exchanger (4) connection generator (1) absorber in the regenerative generation-absorption system (2) has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with secondary absorption-evaporimeter (D3) through the 3rd solution heat exchanger (H3), secondary absorption-evaporimeter (D3) has the weak solution pipeline to have the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with generator (1) through solution heat exchanger (4) again through the 4th solution heat exchanger (I3) connection one-level absorption-evaporimeter (C3) and one-level absorption-evaporimeter (C3), again generator (1) there is the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump (3), solution heat exchanger (4) is communicated with absorber (2) or is communicated with absorber (2) successively and flash vessel (5) changes generator (1) into and the concentrated solution pipeline arranged through solution pump (3), behind the solution heat exchanger (4) again through the 4th solution heat exchanger (I3), the 3rd solution heat exchanger (H3) is communicated with absorber (2) or is communicated with absorber (2) successively and flash vessel (5), condenser (A3) has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with generator (1) and flash vessel (5) respectively, condenser (A3) also has the cryogen liquid pipeline by being communicated with evaporimeter (B3) through choke valve (F3) respectively behind the cryogen liquid pump (E3), be communicated with one-level absorption-evaporimeter (C3) and directly be communicated with secondary absorption-evaporimeter (D3) through second choke valve (G3), evaporimeter (B3) also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection one-level absorption-evaporimeter (C3), one-level absorption-evaporimeter (C3) also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection secondary absorption-evaporimeter (D3), secondary absorption-evaporimeter (D3) has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with absorber (2) and second absorber (6) respectively again, condenser (A3) also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter (B3) also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications, generator (1), absorber (2), solution pump (3), solution heat exchanger (4), condenser (A3), evaporimeter (B3), one-level absorption-evaporimeter (C3), secondary absorption-evaporimeter (D3), cryogen liquid pump (E3), choke valve (F3), second choke valve (G3), the 3rd solution heat exchanger (H3) and the 4th solution heat exchanger (I3) are formed three grade of second class absorption heat pump structure of one generator type, the heat release of absorber (2) is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies the preceding demand for heat of solution flash distillation or only be used to satisfy the preceding demand for heat of solution flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber (6) is used to satisfy the heat demand of heated medium second stage, obtains three grades of type II high-temperature absorption heat pumps of one generator type.
5. on the described regenerative generation-absorption system of claim 1, increase condenser (A4), evaporimeter (B4), absorption-evaporimeter (C4), cryogen liquid pump (D4), the choke valve (E4) or the second cryogen liquid pump (J4), cryogenerator (F4), the 4th solution pump (G4), second choke valve (H4) and the 3rd solution heat exchanger (I4), self-absorption-evaporimeter (C4) is set up refrigerant vapour pipeline connection generator (1) back generator (1) has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser (A4) through second choke valve (H4) again---and the part refrigerant vapour that absorption-evaporimeter (C4) produces is made the driving thermal medium of generator (1), having the solution pipeline to change absorber (2) into through solution heat exchanger (4) connection generator (1) absorber in the regenerative generation-absorption system (2) has the solution pipeline to be communicated with absorption-evaporimeter (C4) through solution heat exchanger (4), absorption-evaporimeter (C4) has the solution pipeline to also have the solution pipeline through the 4th solution pump (G4) through the 3rd solution heat exchanger (I4) connection cryogenerator (F4) and cryogenerator (F4) again, the 3rd solution heat exchanger (I4) is communicated with generator (1), cryogenerator (F4) also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications and refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser (A4) is arranged, condenser (A4) also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with generator (1) and flash vessel (5) respectively, or condenser (A4) also has the cryogen liquid pipeline by being communicated with evaporimeter (B4) and directly being communicated with absorption-evaporimeter (C4) through choke valve (E4) respectively behind the cryogen liquid pump (D4), or condenser (A4) also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter (B4) by cryogen liquid pump (D4) and evaporimeter (B4) also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with absorption-evaporimeter (C4) through the second cryogen liquid pump (J4), absorption-evaporimeter (C4) has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with absorber (2) and second absorber (6) respectively again, evaporimeter (B4) also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection absorption-evaporimeter (C4), condenser (A4) also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter (B4) also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications; Generator (1), absorber (2), solution pump (3), solution heat exchanger (4), condenser (A4), evaporimeter (B4), absorption-evaporimeter (C4), cryogen liquid pump (D4), the choke valve (E4) or the second cryogen liquid pump (J4), cryogenerator (F4), the 4th solution pump (G4), the 3rd solution heat exchanger (I4) and second choke valve (H4) are formed the dual occurrence type two-stage second class absorption heat pump structure, the heat release of absorber (2) is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies the preceding demand for heat of solution flash distillation or only be used to satisfy the preceding demand for heat of solution flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber (6) is used to satisfy the heat demand of heated medium second stage, obtains dual occurrence type two-stage type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
6. on the described regenerative generation-absorption system of claim 1,1. increase by second generator (A5), condenser (B5), evaporimeter (C5), the 4th solution pump (D5), choke valve (E5) and cryogen liquid pump (F5), second generator (A5) is made low pressure generator, having the solution pipeline to change absorber (2) into through solution heat exchanger (4) connection generator (1) absorber (2) has the solution pipeline to be communicated with second generator (A5) through solution heat exchanger (4), second generator (A5) has the solution pipeline to be communicated with generator (1) through the 4th solution pump (D5) again, generator (1) also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection second generator (A5) back second generator (A5) to have the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser (B5) through choke valve (E5) again, condenser (B5) also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with second generator (A5) and flash vessel (5) respectively, condenser (B5) also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter (C5) through cryogen liquid pump (F5), evaporimeter (C5) has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with absorber (2) and second absorber (6) respectively, condenser (B5) also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter (C5) also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications; Generator (1), absorber (2), solution pump (3), solution heat exchanger (4), second generator (A5), condenser (B5), evaporimeter (C5), the 4th solution pump (D5), choke valve (E5) and cryogen liquid pump (F5) are formed solution series circulation double-effect heat pump, the heat release of absorber (2) is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies the preceding demand for heat of solution flash distillation or only be used to satisfy the preceding demand for heat of solution flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber (6) is used to satisfy the heat demand of heated medium second stage, obtains solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump; 2. increase by second generator (A5), condenser (B5), evaporimeter (C5), the 4th solution pump (D5), choke valve (E5), cryogen liquid pump (F5) and the 5th solution pump (G5), second generator (A5) is made high pressure generator, setting up solution pipeline second generator (A5) after the 4th solution pump (D5) is communicated with second generator (A5) from generator (1) has the solution pipeline to be communicated with absorber (2) through the 5th solution pump (G5) again, generator (1) there is the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump (3), being communicated with absorber (2) and flash vessel (5) behind the solution heat exchanger (4) successively changes generator (1) into and has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with absorber (2) and flash vessel (5) successively behind solution pump (3), second generator (A5) also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection generator (1) back generator (1) to have the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser (B5) through choke valve (E5) again---and second generator (A5) produces the driving thermal medium that refrigerant vapour is made generator (1), condenser (B5) also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with generator (1) and flash vessel (5) respectively, condenser (B5) also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter (C5) through cryogen liquid pump (F5), evaporimeter (C5) has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with absorber (2) and second absorber (6) respectively, condenser (B5) also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter (C5) also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications; Generator (1), absorber (2), solution heat exchanger (4), second generator (A5), condenser (B5), evaporimeter (C5), the 4th solution pump (D5), choke valve (E5), cryogen liquid pump (F5) and the 5th solution pump (G5) are formed solution series circulation double-effect heat pump, the heat release of absorber (2) is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies the preceding demand for heat of solution flash distillation or only be used to satisfy the preceding demand for heat of solution flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber (6) is used to satisfy the heat demand of heated medium second stage, obtains solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump; 3. increase by second generator (A5), condenser (B5), evaporimeter (C5), choke valve (E5), cryogen liquid pump (F5) and the 3rd solution heat exchanger (H5), (A5) makes high pressure generator with second generator, having the weak solution pipeline to change absorber (2) into through solution heat exchanger (4) connection generator (1) absorber (2) has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with second generator (A5) through solution heat exchanger (4), second generator (A5) has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with generator (1) through the 3rd solution heat exchanger (H5) again, generator (1) there is the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump (3), solution heat exchanger (4) is communicated with absorber (2) or is communicated with absorber (2) successively and changes generator (1) into flash vessel (5) and the concentrated solution pipeline is arranged through solution pump (3), the 3rd solution heat exchanger (H5), solution heat exchanger (4) is communicated with absorber (2) or is communicated with absorber (2) and flash vessel (5) successively, second generator (A5) also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection generator (1) back generator (1) to have the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser (B5) through choke valve (E5) again---and second generator (A5) produces the driving thermal medium that refrigerant vapour is made generator (1), generator (1) and flash vessel (5) also have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser (B5) respectively, condenser (B5) also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter (C5) through cryogen liquid pump (F5), evaporimeter (C5) has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with absorber (2) and second absorber (6) respectively, condenser (B5) also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter (C5) also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications; Generator (1), absorber (2), solution heat exchanger (4), second generator (A5), condenser (B5), evaporimeter (C5), choke valve (E5), cryogen liquid pump (F5), the 5th solution pump (G5) and the 3rd solution heat exchanger constitute solution series circulation double-effect heat pump, the heat release of absorber (2) is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies the preceding demand for heat of solution flash distillation or only be used to satisfy the preceding demand for heat of solution flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber (6) is used to satisfy the heat demand of heated medium second stage, obtains solution series circulation economic benefits and social benefits type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
7. on the described regenerative generation-absorption system of claim 1, increase by second generator (A5), condenser (B5), evaporimeter (C5), the 4th solution pump (D5), choke valve (E5), cryogen liquid pump (F5) and the 3rd solution heat exchanger (H5), second generator (A5) is made low pressure generator, second generator (A5) has the solution pipeline through the 4th solution pump (D5), the 3rd solution heat exchanger (H5) is communicated with absorber (2), absorber (2) has the solution pipeline to be communicated with second generator (A5) through the 3rd solution heat exchanger (H5) again, generator (1) has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection second generator (A5) back second generator (A5) to have the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser (B5) through choke valve (E5) again, condenser (B5) also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with second generator (A5) and flash vessel (5) respectively, condenser (B5) also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter (C5) through cryogen liquid pump (F5), evaporimeter (C5) has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with absorber (2) and second absorber (6) respectively, condenser (B5) also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter (C5) also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications; Generator (1), absorber (2), solution pump (3), solution heat exchanger (4), second generator (A5), condenser (B5), evaporimeter (C5), the 4th solution pump (D5), choke valve (E5), cryogen liquid pump (F5) and the 3rd solution heat exchanger (H5) are formed solution circulation double-effect heat pump in parallel, the heat release of absorber (2) is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies the preceding demand for heat of solution flash distillation or only be used to satisfy the preceding demand for heat of solution flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber (6) is used to satisfy the heat demand of heated medium second stage, obtains solution circulation economic benefits and social benefits in parallel type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
8. on the described regenerative generation-absorption system of claim 1, or increase by second generator (A6), the 3rd generator (B6), condenser (C6), evaporimeter (D6), the 4th solution pump (E6), the 5th solution pump (F6), choke valve (G6), second choke valve (H6) and cryogen liquid pump (I6), having the weak solution pipeline to change absorber (2) into through solution heat exchanger (4) connection generator (1) absorber (2) has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with the 3rd generator (B6) through solution heat exchanger (4), the 3rd generator (B6) has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with second generator (A6) through the 4th solution pump (E6) again, second generator (A6) has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with generator (1) through the 5th solution pump (F6) again; Or increase by second generator (A6), the 3rd generator (B6), condenser (C6), evaporimeter (D6), choke valve (G6), second choke valve (H6), cryogen liquid pump (I6), the 3rd solution heat exchanger (J6) and the 4th solution heat exchanger (K6) have the concentrated solution pipeline through solution pump (3) with generator (1), the pipeline of solution heat exchanger (4) connection absorber (2) changes generator (1) into has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with second generator (A6) through the 3rd solution heat exchanger (J6), second generator (A6) has the concentrated solution pipeline to be communicated with the 3rd generator (B6) through the 4th solution heat exchanger (K6) again, the 3rd generator (B6) has the concentrated solution pipeline again through solution pump (3), the 4th solution heat exchanger (K6), the 3rd solution heat exchanger (J6) and solution heat exchanger (4) are communicated with absorber (2); Generator (1) also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection second generator (A6) back second generator (A6) to have the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser (C6) through choke valve (G6) again, second generator (A6) also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection the 3rd generator (B6) back the 3rd generator (B6) to have the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser (C6) through second choke valve (H6) again, the 3rd generator (B6) and flash vessel (5) also have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser (C6) respectively, condenser (C6) also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter (D6) through cryogen liquid pump (I6), evaporimeter (D6) also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with absorber (2) and second absorber (6) respectively, condenser (C6) also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter (D6) also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications; Or generator (1), absorber (2), solution pump (3), solution heat exchanger (4), second generator (A6), the 3rd generator (B6), condenser (C6), evaporimeter (D6), the 4th solution pump (E5), the 5th solution pump (F6), choke valve (G6), second choke valve (H6) and cryogen liquid pump (I6) are formed solution series circulation three-effect second class absorption heat pump structure and the flow process, or generator (1), absorber (2), solution pump (3), solution heat exchanger (4), second generator (A6), the 3rd generator (B6), condenser (C6), evaporimeter (D6), the 3rd solution heat exchanger (J6), the 4th solution heat exchanger (K6), choke valve (G6), second choke valve (H6) and cryogen liquid pump (I6) are formed solution series circulation three-effect second class absorption heat pump structure and the flow process, the heat release of absorber (2) is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber (6) is used to satisfy the second stage elevated temperature heat demand of heated medium, obtains solution series circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
9. on the described regenerative generation-absorption system of claim 1, increase by second generator (A6), the 3rd generator (B6), condenser (C6), evaporimeter (D6), the 4th solution pump (E6), the 5th solution pump (F6), choke valve (G6), second choke valve (H6), cryogen liquid pump (I6), the 3rd solution heat exchanger (J6) and the 4th solution heat exchanger (K6), to press generator in second generator (A6) work, the 3rd generator (B6) is made low pressure generator, second generator (A6) has the concentrated solution pipeline through the 4th solution pump (E6), the 3rd solution heat exchanger (J6) is communicated with absorber (2) back absorber (2) has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with second generator (A6) through the 3rd solution heat exchanger (J6) again, the 3rd generator (B6) has the concentrated solution pipeline through the 5th solution pump (F6), the 4th solution heat exchanger (K6) is communicated with absorber (2) back absorber (2) has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with the 3rd generator (B6) through the 4th solution heat exchanger (K6) again, generator (1) also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection second generator (A6) back second generator (A6) to have the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser (C6) through choke valve (G6) again, second generator (A6) also has refrigerant vapour pipeline connection the 3rd generator (B6) back the 3rd generator (B6) to have the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with condenser (C6) through second choke valve (H6) again, the 3rd generator (B6) and flash vessel (5) also have refrigerant vapour pipeline connection condenser (C6) respectively, condenser (C6) also has the cryogen liquid pipeline to be communicated with evaporimeter (D6) through cryogen liquid pump (I6), evaporimeter (D6) also has the refrigerant vapour pipeline to be communicated with absorber (2) and second absorber (6) respectively, condenser (C6) also has cooling medium pipeline and external communications, evaporimeter (D6) also have surplus heat medium pipeline and external communications; Generator (1), absorber (2), solution pump (3), solution heat exchanger (4), second generator (A6), the 3rd generator (B6), condenser (C6), evaporimeter (D6), the 4th solution pump (E6), the 5th solution pump (F6), the 3rd solution heat exchanger (J6), the 4th solution heat exchanger (K6), choke valve (G6), second choke valve (H6) and cryogen liquid pump (I6) are formed solution circulation three-effect second class absorption heat pump structure and the flow process in parallel, the heat release of absorber (2) is used to satisfy the demand for heat of heated medium phase I and satisfies solution and carry out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation or only be used to satisfy solution carrying out the preceding demand for heat of flash distillation, the heat release of second absorber (6) is used to satisfy heated medium second stage elevated temperature heat demand, obtains solution series circulation three-effect type II high-temperature absorption heat pump.
10. in claim 2-claim 9 described type II high-temperature absorption heat pumps, increase newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter (a), newly-increased absorber (b), newly-increased cryogen liquid pump (e) or newly-increased choke valve (f), newly-increased solution heat exchanger (c) and newly-increased second solution heat exchanger (d); Set up the solution pipeline through newly-increased second solution heat exchanger (d) from second solution pump, newly-increased solution heat exchanger (c) is communicated with newly-increased absorber (b), newly-increased absorber (b) also has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter (a) through newly-increased solution heat exchanger (c), newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter (a) also has the weak solution pipeline to be communicated with absorber and flash vessel successively through newly-increased second solution heat exchanger (d), or flash-pot is set up the cryogen liquid pipeline and is increased absorption-evaporimeter (a) newly have the refrigerant vapour pipeline connection to increase absorber (b) newly again after newly-increased cryogen liquid pump (e) is communicated with newly-increased absorptions-evaporimeter (a), or self cooling condenser is set up through the cryogen liquid pump and is increased absorption-evaporimeter (a) after the cryogen liquid pipeline is communicated with newly-increased absorptions-evaporimeter (a) newly and have the refrigerant vapour pipeline connection to increase absorber (b) newly again and simultaneously condenser directly is communicated with evaporimeter or absorption-evaporimeter changes condenser into through the cryogen liquid pump through the cryogen liquid pump, newly-increased choke valve (f) is communicated with evaporimeter or absorption-evaporimeter, evaporimeter or absorption-evaporimeter also have the refrigerant vapour pipeline connection to increase absorption-evaporimeter (a) newly, and newly-increased absorber (b) also has heated medium pipeline and external communications; Flash vessel provides solution, absorbs from the refrigerant vapour of newly-increased absorption-evaporimeter (a) and heat release in heated medium to newly-increased absorber (b), the solution of newly-increased absorber (b) enters newly-increased absorptions-evaporimeter (a), the refrigerant vapour that absorbs flash-pot or absorption-evaporimeter and heat release, and to become refrigerant vapour in another road cryogen liquid be to increase absorber (b) newly to provide, newly-increased absorber (b) is the adjacent high-temperature heat supply end of second absorber, obtains having the type II high-temperature absorption heat pump of additional high-temperature heat supply end.
CN2009101475882A 2009-02-27 2009-06-12 Regenerative generation-absorption system and high temperature second absorption heat pump Active CN101586891B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA200910019611XA CN101504217A (en) 2009-02-27 2009-02-27 Backheating type generation-absorption system and high-temperature second-kind absorption type heat pump
CN200910019611.X 2009-02-27
CN2009101475882A CN101586891B (en) 2009-02-27 2009-06-12 Regenerative generation-absorption system and high temperature second absorption heat pump

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009101475882A CN101586891B (en) 2009-02-27 2009-06-12 Regenerative generation-absorption system and high temperature second absorption heat pump

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101586891A true CN101586891A (en) 2009-11-25
CN101586891B CN101586891B (en) 2012-05-23

Family

ID=40976530

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNA200910019611XA Pending CN101504217A (en) 2009-02-27 2009-02-27 Backheating type generation-absorption system and high-temperature second-kind absorption type heat pump
CN2009101475882A Active CN101586891B (en) 2009-02-27 2009-06-12 Regenerative generation-absorption system and high temperature second absorption heat pump

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNA200910019611XA Pending CN101504217A (en) 2009-02-27 2009-02-27 Backheating type generation-absorption system and high-temperature second-kind absorption type heat pump

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (1) US20120192587A1 (en)
CN (2) CN101504217A (en)
WO (1) WO2010097048A1 (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2010097048A1 (en) * 2009-02-27 2010-09-02 Li Huayu Recuperative generation-absorption system and recuperative second-type absorption heat pump
CN101957092A (en) * 2010-01-30 2011-01-26 李华玉 Type III absorbing and generating system and type III absorbing heat pump
CN102072583A (en) * 2010-12-28 2011-05-25 李华玉 Regenerative absorption-generation system and regenerative third-type absorption heat pump
CN102353172A (en) * 2011-04-20 2012-02-15 李华玉 Backheating double-effect and triple-effect second-type absorption heat pumps
WO2012094775A1 (en) * 2011-01-10 2012-07-19 Li Huayu Regenerative two-stage absorbing-generating system and regenerative third-type absorption heat pump

Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101706172A (en) * 2009-11-11 2010-05-12 李华玉 Two-stage first-class absorption heat pump using regenerative single stage as first stage
WO2011134103A1 (en) * 2010-04-29 2011-11-03 Li Huayu Regenerative absorption-generation system and regenerative type i absorption heat pump
CN102434996B (en) * 2011-08-28 2013-11-20 李华玉 Secondary absorption heat pump adopting classified generation mode
CN102589185B (en) * 2012-02-19 2014-07-30 李华玉 Third type absorption heat pump with regenerative cooling end
CN102645051B (en) * 2012-03-27 2014-10-29 李华玉 Double-effect back-heating absorbing-generating system and back-heating second-class absorption heat pump
CN102679615B (en) * 2012-05-04 2014-09-03 李华玉 Sectional heat return third-class absorption heat pump
JP6292211B2 (en) * 2015-11-20 2018-03-14 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Adsorption air conditioner for vehicles
CN109059353B (en) * 2018-07-31 2021-01-26 北京华源泰盟节能设备有限公司 Waste heat recovery system and waste heat recovery process based on absorption heat pump
CN112178971A (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-01-05 武汉理工大学 Cold beam air conditioner device utilizing afterheat of cruise ship engine and solar energy

Family Cites Families (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5899660A (en) * 1981-12-09 1983-06-14 Toyota Motor Co Ltd Air cooling device
GB9521083D0 (en) * 1995-10-14 1995-12-20 Interotex Eeig Heat pumps
JP4070348B2 (en) * 1999-03-30 2008-04-02 三洋電機株式会社 Absorption heat pump and control method thereof
EP1348919A4 (en) * 2000-08-29 2008-04-23 Kawajureinetsukougyo K K Absorption refrigerating machine
CN2558933Y (en) * 2002-04-22 2003-07-02 刘甫庆 Lithium bromide absorption refrigerator
JP2004257705A (en) * 2003-02-27 2004-09-16 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Concentration device using absorption heat pump
US7003966B2 (en) * 2003-12-19 2006-02-28 Hewlett Packard Development Company, L.P. Energy consumption reduction in a multi-effect absorption system
US7464562B2 (en) * 2004-10-13 2008-12-16 Ebara Corporation Absorption heat pump
CN101504217A (en) * 2009-02-27 2009-08-12 李华玉 Backheating type generation-absorption system and high-temperature second-kind absorption type heat pump
CN101504216B (en) * 2009-02-28 2011-08-10 李华玉 Composite absorption-generation system and high-efficiency absorption type units
CN101532748A (en) * 2009-04-14 2009-09-16 李华玉 Method for improving heating temperature of heat pump and type II high-temperature absorption heat pump
CN101672548B (en) * 2009-08-27 2012-11-28 李华玉 Compound second-type absorption type heat pump based on double-effect process

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2010097048A1 (en) * 2009-02-27 2010-09-02 Li Huayu Recuperative generation-absorption system and recuperative second-type absorption heat pump
CN101957092A (en) * 2010-01-30 2011-01-26 李华玉 Type III absorbing and generating system and type III absorbing heat pump
CN101957092B (en) * 2010-01-30 2013-11-20 李华玉 Type III absorbing and generating system and type III absorbing heat pump
WO2011091560A1 (en) * 2010-01-30 2011-08-04 Li Huayu Combined absorption-generation system and third-type absorption heat pump
WO2011091567A1 (en) * 2010-01-30 2011-08-04 Li Huayu Absorption-generation system and absorption heat pump
CN102072583B (en) * 2010-12-28 2013-03-20 李华玉 Regenerative absorption-generation system and regenerative third-type absorption heat pump
CN102072583A (en) * 2010-12-28 2011-05-25 李华玉 Regenerative absorption-generation system and regenerative third-type absorption heat pump
WO2012094775A1 (en) * 2011-01-10 2012-07-19 Li Huayu Regenerative two-stage absorbing-generating system and regenerative third-type absorption heat pump
CN102353172A (en) * 2011-04-20 2012-02-15 李华玉 Backheating double-effect and triple-effect second-type absorption heat pumps
CN102353172B (en) * 2011-04-20 2014-06-25 李华玉 Backheating double-effect and triple-effect second-type absorption heat pumps

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20120192587A1 (en) 2012-08-02
CN101586891B (en) 2012-05-23
WO2010097048A1 (en) 2010-09-02
CN101504217A (en) 2009-08-12

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101586891B (en) Regenerative generation-absorption system and high temperature second absorption heat pump
CN101776344B (en) Heat regenerative generation-absorption system and second-kind absorption heat pump based on same
CN101799222B (en) Recuperative generating-absorbing system and recuperative second-type absorbing heat pump
CN101458006B (en) Method for enhancing heat pump heat supply temperature and high temperature first kind absorption heat pump
CN101968286B (en) Double absorption-double generation system and multi-terminal heat supply third kind absorption heat pumps
CN101957093B (en) Absorption-reabsorption-generation system and first-class absorption heat pump
CN101532748A (en) Method for improving heating temperature of heat pump and type II high-temperature absorption heat pump
CN103851823B (en) Compound generation first-class absorption type heat pump
CN101832677A (en) Backheating type absorption-generation system and backheating type first class absorption heat pump
CN102042712A (en) Backheating type absorption-generation system and multiterminal heat-supply third-class absorption heat pump
CN101957092A (en) Type III absorbing and generating system and type III absorbing heat pump
CN101614454B (en) Method for adding adjacent high-temperature heat supply end and multiend heat supply first-class absorption type heat pump
CN101520251B (en) Generation-absorption-reabsorption system and absorption unit type based on system
CN102102919B (en) Back-heating type two-stage absorption-generation systems and back-heating type the 3rd class absorption heat pump
CN101968285A (en) Recuperative double-action first-kind absorption type heat pump
CN101476798A (en) Dual-effect and multi-effect class 2 absorption type heat pump
CN103017398A (en) Multi-effect first-class absorption heat pump
CN103148631B (en) Compound generation first-class absorption type heat pump
CN101825370A (en) Backheating type double-effect and multi-effect second-class absorption heat pump
CN102338498B (en) Staged-generation type first absorption heat pump
CN101832676A (en) Method for raising heat supply temperature of heat pump and second-type high temperature absorption heat pump
CN102706026A (en) Double-effect regenerative absorption-generation system and regenerative first class absorption heat pump
CN103175331B (en) Branch circulation type II absorption heat pump
CN101504216A (en) Composite absorption-generation system and high-efficiency absorption type units
CN103148630B (en) Composite-generationsecond second kind absorption type heat pump

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant