CN101578593A - Non-centralized network device management using console communications system and method - Google Patents

Non-centralized network device management using console communications system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101578593A
CN101578593A CNA2006800433548A CN200680043354A CN101578593A CN 101578593 A CN101578593 A CN 101578593A CN A2006800433548 A CNA2006800433548 A CN A2006800433548A CN 200680043354 A CN200680043354 A CN 200680043354A CN 101578593 A CN101578593 A CN 101578593A
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China
Prior art keywords
equipment
managed
management
management equipment
controller
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CNA2006800433548A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
B·N·考克斯
J·E·道勒
M·D·迈克莱恩
J·M·康那
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Uplogix Inc
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Uplogix Inc
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Priority to US72856005P priority Critical
Priority to US60/728,560 priority
Priority to US11/582,849 priority
Application filed by Uplogix Inc filed Critical Uplogix Inc
Publication of CN101578593A publication Critical patent/CN101578593A/en
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Abstract

A system and method for the management of one or more wide area or local area network connected devices by a collocated managing device. The managing device includes communications connectivity to each of the managed devices via a console connection and optionally via shared local area network connections. Additionally, the managing device includes a control system and a database. The device is designed to operate securely and operate autonomously or coupled with an external device, for example a management system, or a user.

Description

The system and method for the decentralized network equipment control of operator's console communication
Technical field
The application is the follow-up application of making a summary in the 4112.1000-001 U. S. application procurator that on October 17th, 2006 submitted to, and it requires in the interests of the 60/728th, No. 560 U.S. Provisional Application of submission on October 20th, 2005.Whole instructions of above-mentioned application are incorporated this paper into by quoting as proof.
Background technology
Being connected with network of diverse this locality of the application's relate generally to to-talk internet with remote equipment, more specifically be, relate to the non-centralized management of the connection between various equipment and these communication networks, by being away from any concentrated network data base or the control desk system and method for control position or equipment.
Common, be used for the Enterprise Resource of communication network, for example, ethernet wan (WANs) manages by central management location.In order to control and to manage, use various software and hardware in the center, and the information technologist of center is supported the operation of these networks.Central management location for instance, is the main office of company, and it has the upward remote branch management of geography office.On central management location, the network manager can operate and the accessed various databases and the network information, control and promotion system and equipment.These central management systems and equipment (are for example finished various comprehensive widely networks, Ethernet) function, comprise, for instance, the equipment and the network information and data maintenance and storage, database manipulation, security, control, promotion, running, mandate and permission and other handles network as a whole.
Although the function of enterprise network is typically to concentrate and manages and control, various remote equipments are connected where itself no matter be positioned at also necessary Be Controlled with the localized network that is used for these networks, are managed and are supported.The network of these location connects and equipment comprises, for example, is positioned at the local area ethernet (LANs) in branch office department or similar place.The network of these location connects and management, the control of equipment and similarly supporting requires local and specialized apparatus usually, system and each independently branch or partly on personnel.
Therefore, in fact any centralized management limited ability is in only some function, operation and activity.These devices of concentrating rely on making of exercisable network to be used for management equipment, and what it was potential can be in response to the existence of subnetwork." convolution " administrative skill of these robotizations, for example, SNMP, it is functional requiring network in question.If this network failure, automatic management foundation structure so be not device connection just, the equipment that management still less is such.The method of alleviating above-mentioned defective comprises: the human resources of use and telecommunication network and equipment phase configuration; When fault, use that repeat and additional network service passage so that the path of replacement to be provided; Use the remote console service function, it makes local facilities control console and Command Line Interface for being available away from the human resources on the remote location.Also may be required in other controls in each long-range place, management and the support that is connected with network for equipment.Because the remote support requirement of system of the traditional forms of enterprises, communication infrastructure, personnel and equipment may be expensive, manpower-intensive type and two-fold fan type.
Summary of the invention
Therefore, this will be the brand-new and great improvement technology in a kind of this area, with the non-centralized management that is provided for communication network and the system and method for control, its solved in management in traditional enterprise network and the control intrinsic some economy, personnel, repeat, grade and performance constraint, and long-range and diverse network element (for example, divisional office LANs, WANs, and equipment) must be by long-range solution, management and control.The invention provides numerous advantage and improvement, be included in the improvement and the nuance of above-mentioned aspect.
Embodiment of the present invention are a kind of systems that are used to manage the one or more remote equipment that communicates to connect of LAN.This system comprises management equipment, and the control desk that is connected on the network equipment of being managed connects (port), is positioned in the equipment place of being managed and is stored in database in the management equipment.
Another embodiment of the invention is a kind of system that is used to manage Wide Area Network, and this system comprises the numerous equipment that network connects that passes through in the different location.This system is included in the management equipment that is connected in one of them the place at least of equipment on one of numerous equipment.By the connection of control desk, management equipment is connected on numerous managed devices and can be connected on the wide area network communicatedly.Management equipment also comprises the database that can be connected thereto communicatedly.
Another embodiment of the present invention is a kind of distributed network management system.This system comprises wide area network, more than diverse and long-range equipment, each all can be connected on the wide area network communicatedly, be connected to more than different and a remote equipment clearly on each management equipment.
The use of the management of communication network of the present invention can solve in traditional forms of enterprises's network intrinsic conventional management and some economy in the control, personnel's, repeat, grade and performance constraint, and long-range and aspect diverse network element, for example, divisional office LANs and equipment will be by long-range solution, management and controls in advance.The invention provides numerous advantage and improvement, be included in the improvement and the nuance of above-mentioned aspect.
Another embodiment of the invention is the method for operating of the management equipment on a kind of network that communicates to connect the auxiliary device that is used for management equipment.This method comprises by the console communication path management equipment being connected on the equipment of being managed and connects, the state of the equipment of being managed by the management equipment inspection, send administration order to the quilt equipment of managing, detection shows the result of the effect of the administration order on the equipment of being managed, by the management equipment analysis result, be written into interaction by the management apparatus stores result with in the secure topical storer.
Description of drawings
The present invention is by make an explanation explanation but be not limited to corresponding accompanying drawing of embodiment, and wherein similarly mark refers to components identical, and wherein:
Accompanying drawing 1 is illustrational to be a kind of enterprise network, comprise first LAN (Local Area Network) (LAN) and the 2nd LAN, be connected by wide area network (according to the WAN of definite embodiment of the present invention, wherein each among the LANs comprises on the independently management equipment that is positioned LAN and the equipment that the quilt in being connected to LAN is managed);
Accompanying drawing 2 is illustrational to be another view according to the enterprise network in the accompanying drawing 1 of definite embodiment of the present invention, the external unit that wherein is not positioned in the place of the equipment managed is connected on the management equipment by main WAN access path, and wherein the main WAN access path of the 2nd LAN is interrupted to be connected by management equipment with partial network and sets up;
Accompanying drawing 3 is illustrational to be according to the system block diagram (that is, in fact each management equipment is identical with each LANs) of the management equipment of the accompanying drawing 1-2 of definite embodiment of the present invention, comprises controller and database;
Accompanying drawing 4 is illustrational to be the method for operating of the management equipment among the accompanying drawing 1-3, in management, managed devices is connected on the management equipment, comprises determining that operation with being carried out by on the equipment of managing, is connected on the equipment of being managed, the state of the equipment that monitoring is managed, send a command in the equipment of being managed, accept data, resolve the data that receive from the equipment of being managed, the data storage that receives in database, and is written into and the communicating by letter of the equipment of being managed.
Embodiment
Being described below of embodiment of imitateing of the present invention.
Although the present invention shows by part and described in conjunction with the embodiment that can imitate, the one of ordinary skilled in the art can both understanding form on details on various different variations can not break away from the appended scope of the present invention that claim limited.With reference to the accompanying drawings 1, system 100 is used for managing one or more juxtaposed equipment automatically, comprises first management equipment 120.Management equipment 120 is connected to router one 30, fire wall 132 and switch 134, and on server 144 and memory device 142 one or more, wherein each all is connected to (following usefulness " LAN " expression) on the exercisable LAN (Local Area Network).LAN is connected on the exercisable wide area network 110 (WAN).WAN110 is that for example, the wide area of the special use between internet or LAN 140 and the long-range geographic position connects.LAN140 is that for instance, the communicating by letter of various part of equipment and Connection Element interconnects.Among the WAN110, other different equipment of LAN140 and its system 100 and element each can be by wired, wireless or other communicate to connect or element carries out the mutual contact that can communicate by letter.
System 100 also comprises second management equipment 170.Second management equipment 170 is in fact identical with first management equipment 170.The second router 180, fire wall 182 and switch 184, server 192 and memory device 194, be away from LAN140 the place near geographic position or within, each all is connected to and second LAN (Local Area Network) 190 (following usefulness " LAN2 " expression) mutual with it.LAN2 190 is connected on the WAN 110 by the second router 180 and second switch 184.
Be typically, system 100 can be between LAN140 and LAN2 190, and communicates by WAN110 between the various equipment of each LAN.
Yet system 100 comprises local first management equipment 120 and second management equipment 170 of management automatically that is used for connected equipment.Usually, first management equipment 120 is located on the position of LAN 140.Second management equipment 170 generally is positioned in the place away from the LAN2190 in the place of LAN140.Connected element on 120 management of first management equipment and the control LAN 140 comprises its various element, connects and the aspect.Connected element and its various element on 170 management of second management equipment and the control LAN2190 connect and the aspect.Therefore, each independently management equipment 120 and 170 geographically be located on separately the LAN140 or LAN2 190 equipment that the quilt that wherein concrete management equipment 120 or 170 management are connected with control is managed.
Each management equipment 120,170 is operated in fact in an identical manner.Specifically, each management equipment 120,170 is managed the equipment that the quilt that is connected to and/or controls LAN140 or LAN2 190 is separately managed respectively.These are different with traditional network management and control function, and traditional carries out from centralized device, rather than carry out on place long-range on each geography of cyberprise.This equally also with based on " intermediary " of local management function forms contrast, and described " intermediary " requires installation administration software and moved by on the equipment self of managing.
In addition, with reference to the accompanying drawings 1, thus management equipment 120 is managed connected equipment by connect to come connection device by facilities control console.Each equipment (router one 30, fire wall 132, switch 134, server 144 or storer 142) all supports corresponding control desk to connect, comprise router console connection 131, fire wall control desk connection 133, switch control desk connection 135, server console connection 145 or storer control desk connection 143 or other equipment support control desk connection, these equipment can manage by the management equipment 120 that is independent of any equipment or network (as LAN140) connection.
Term " control desk connection " can comprise a series of ports as used herein, these ports can see that the intercepting of sending to equipment or slave unit receives is written into/output command there, described equipment is such as can being that keyboard/screen interface, Command Line Interface are (at this interface, order wishes as enters the character string from beating of keyboard, and export be received as text too) or similar interface.
Management equipment 120 can be directly connected to LAN140 in addition and go up to communicate with LAN140 (connected equipment and network).Management equipment 120 can make up with communicate synthetic transactions simulating conventional network trading, and therefore measure various network foundation service, performance and practicality.Yet management connects and also can connect (131,133,135,145,143) by facilities control console and provide, rather than connects by LAN and to provide, and described LAN connects usually between network equipment bearer data transmission, and this will be by hereinafter being understood.
Accompanying drawing 2 is illustrational to be another embodiment, and wherein management equipment 120 is connected to WAN110 by the same connection 220 that LAN140 is used to be connected on the WAN 110, but also can use other connection 221.Management equipment 120 can transmit and receive data to external unit, for example, management system 161, it also can be connected on the WAN 110 by path 160.Management equipment 120 also is 221 to be connected to periodically on the WAN 110 by communicating to connect of replacing.Selectablely communicate to connect 221 and set up to be connected by management equipment 120 and be initialised and set up, also can be connected on the WAN110 communicatedly by connecting 223 with network access point 222 point-to-point.Selectablely communicate to connect 221 and provide on the WAN 110 communications access that continues to be used for carrying out the continuation of exchanges data with external unit (such as management system 161 or other management equipment 120).For example, be interrupted even LAN140 mainly is connected 220 with WAN110, management equipment 120 also can 221 visit WAN110 by communicating to connect of replacing so, and therefore can continue management equipment 130,132,134,142,144.
Selectable communication mechanism 221 can provide by the modulator-demodular unit that can communicate to connect with management equipment 120, its be used to provide needs to auxiliary outside communications access.Selectable communications access path should be independent of being connected of typical LAN and WAN.If main communication path as LAN and WAN, for example the Ethernet that connects by router connects, be disabled or interruption, management equipment 120 can be come extraterrestrial in the ground maintenance access automatically by selectable communication mechanism (that is, by simple plain old telephone service (POTS) line or other meanss of communication) so.By such operation, although lack main WAN visit, management equipment 120 still can continue to manage LAN and its element.
In addition, even LAN140 no longer is manipulable, 131,133,135,143 and 145 communications access that continue that also can provide LAN 140 connected equipment are provided each control desk so.For example, if be interrupted, so by LAN 140 or by also no longer being utilizable by the Routine Management communication that connects 220 WAN 110 for any reason LAN 140 operations.Yet, connecting by control desk by management equipment 120, management function can continue.Communicate to connect 221 and combine with selectable, management function and with external unit 161 between communicate by letter and can continue, although the main connectivity of LAN140 is a fault.Describe subsequently fully in view of more, the self-actuated controller function of management equipment is with may be by the communication of selecting the backup that communicates to connect of management equipment, by management equipment provide more complete, continue hold and the non-centralized management of LAN completely.Management equipment as described in detail below, has been eliminated former desired numerous manual administration in the LAN place.
Accompanying drawing 3 is illustrational to be a kind of management equipment 300 layout of (referring to 120,170 in the accompanying drawing 1), it comprises and is used for management equipment 300 and the equipment of being managed 311 (promptly, at accompanying drawing 1, any router shown in 2, switch, fire wall, server, the network element that storer or other quilt are managed) communicate to connect 331 between, the equipment of being managed 311 connects 341 by network and is connected to (for example, 220 or 221 in 110 or the accompanying drawing 2 in the accompanying drawing 1) on the WAN 312.Management equipment 300 also can be connected 322 to WAN312 communicatedly by the connection 341 of the shared Local Area Network that passes through the equipment of being managed 311, or by selectable communication path 221 (shown in the accompanying drawing 2).Management equipment 300 also can be connected on the power-supply controller of electric equipment 317 communicatedly, and this equipment connects 342 and communicate to connect 337 and allow the power supply that is applied to the equipment of being managed 311 is controlled by power lead.
The equipment of being managed 300 comprises that controller function element 301 is to carry out automatic function, to communicate 321 with connected managed devices 311, with by communicate to connect 337 close and opening power and by LAN communicate to connect 341 or selectable and WAN 312 point-to-point communication paths 332 transmit and receive data from external unit 161 (accompanying drawing 1).The automatic function of management equipment 300 comprises that the equipment of managing with one or more quilts 311 communicates, to be converted into from external unit 161 or user's solicit operation by the specific order transaction group of the equipment of managing, the state of the equipment 311 that monitoring is managed, the fault of equipment 311 functions that detection is managed, analyze and store monitor data from the equipment of being managed 311, the network that monitors WAN 312 connects 341 state, and determine when the point-to-point communication path of setting up with WAN312 of selecting in view of the above, and determine when that in view of the above order power-supply controller of electric 317 closes or start power supply to the equipment of being managed 311.
The automatic function of controller 301 can make that the equipment of being managed 311 is connected 314 management (equipment and the element that comprise it) with LAN (Local Area Network) each all with WAN312 on the available management resource common place of managed source (but away from) be independent of or be associated.Controller 301 also produces mock trading automatically to send on the other equipment on the connected network, that equipment is managed or do not managed, by network communication path 322 (that is the IP communication path 122 in the accompanying drawing 1) thereby to simulate general network trading and to measure various network foundation service, their performance and availability.These mock tradings also can be used for the fault of monitoring network part and service.
Management equipment 300 also comprises database 304.Controller 301 connects database 304.Database 304 comprises multiple different information, comprise configuration information, software image, software version information, authentification of user and authorization message, be written into information, the data of collecting from connected equipment, with the collected data of various monitoring merit elements of slave controller 301, and this database can be carried out the operation of various databases.Database 304 is carried out with centralized network ma nagement person's a lot of identical operations of typical network management database and is had much identical features (comprising software, hardware and/or manpower management part); Yet, the management function that database 304 is included in the management equipment 300 and (management equipment 300 is positioned at this) provides the part on LAN 341.
For instance, database 304 can be the equipment that is connected with management equipment 300 and element (for example, be connected to equipment and the element of the LAN 341 on the WAN 312, and be the configuration information of management equipment 300 itself) storage and processing configuration data.
And the database 304 of management equipment 300 comprises and is written into data.The data that are written into comprise from by the audit information of equipment 311 communication period of being managed, about state and lastest imformation that is connected to element on the management equipment 300 and equipment and the data that also are used for management equipment 300.The information that is written in the database 304 also may comprise the customer transaction data, and these data are by the user is caught by the automatic detection that control desk connects the data of input.
Database 304 also comprises software image and version information, with the upgrade or downgrade of the operating system of the equipment 311 that allows to be managed.Database 304 also comprises the data of user, group, task and permission, and described permission determines that who user can be by management equipment 300 which function of visit and resources, and the function and the resource of management equipment 300 self.
Database 304 comprises that also rule and critical value compare with other the status information with controller 301 storage, controller 301 usefulness this determine whether to start with LAN341 on any connected equipment and communicate by the remote peripheral equipment 161 of communicating by letter with WAN312.
Database 304 also typically comprises other data, and it can be applicable to external environment and equally in management equipment 300 other similarly use among the LAN 312 that echoes mutually of other LAN of management and WAN network enterprise in management and management equipment 300 in other place.
Controller 301 is connected on the scheduler 302 of management equipment 300.Scheduler 302 provide management equipment 300 about LAN341 each concrete element and equipment and trigger about timing and state that WAN312 and the WAN312 that is used for the local management of LAN341 go up the operation of necessary external resource.For example, with the specified time interval of configuration information in the database 304 of management equipment 300, scheduler 302 periodically triggers controller 301 to check the state of LAN 341 or equipment wherein or element.In addition, for example, in case monitoring and identification particular event on LAN 341 or its equipment or element, scheduler 302 can call the communication of WAN 110 outsides by management equipment 300, give LAN341 and management equipment 300 to obtain management data from external unit, for example, from center or other external data bases or data bins.
Whether still watchdog function element 305 monitor controllers 301 of management equipment 300 determine its operation with working.If the watchdog function element determines that controller no longer works, house dog 305 is with restart controller 301.
Controller 301 also can be connected on the heartbeat function element 303, and it is according to by scheduler 302 determined progresses, attempt by with WAN 312 be connected LAN341 and remote peripheral equipment 161 communicates.If by the not response of communication path of LAN 314, controller will start to the foundation in the selectable point-to-point communication path 332 of WAN 312 so.
The purpose of above embodiment only is to explain that it is feasible making the local management function automatically on LAN 140,170 by management equipment according to describing herein, and it is not to be used for, and should not be considered to yet a kind of limit or repel other.In practice, the management equipment of describing is carried out the major part of enterprise network management operation herein, not all, though management equipment is only managed with whole enterprise network or independently or the LAN (Local Area Network) of cooperating with it or LAN (described enterprise network can comprise that numerous being used for finally is comprised in numerous management equipments among the LAN of cyberprise of set).Therefore management equipment manages LAN (rather than centralized management of the whole WAN of enterprise).And as hereinafter further describing, each management equipment self can be by remote access, to be used at least some bookkeepings away from LAN that LAN is carried out.
Accompanying drawing 4 is illustrational to be the automatic method of operating 400 of execution of the management equipment among the accompanying drawing 1-3.The request of executable operations is from the processor or the user of self-actuated controller 301.The execution of operation comprises that the step of the mandate 402 of determining request broker is to carry out solicit operation.Mandate in solicited message and the local data base 304 compares, or alternatively sends to the authorization function element, and this authorization function element can be connected with management equipment communicatedly, but be positioned at (for example, TACACS, Radius outside the management equipment, LDAP, or with the mandate of the form of certificate).
Then, in step 403, method determines whether operation requests is authorized to.If be not authorized to, step 404 returns to the requestor with mistake so.If request is authorized to, in next step 405, carry out connection so.
In Connection Step 405, management equipment is connected on the equipment of being managed (shown in the accompanying drawing 1-3) by tangible, and seek with by the equipment managed communicate by letter be connected.If Connection Step 405 not database in 304 determined cycles sometime in communicate to connect, so wrong 404 return to the requestor.Yet if successfully be connected on the equipment of being managed in step 405 management equipment, method 400 proceeds to the step 407 of the equipment state inspection of being managed so.
In status check step 407, various operations are by carrying out with the management equipment of the devices communicating of being managed, to determine the current state of the equipment that quilt is managed.Device state check step 407 comprises determines whether the equipment of being managed is in the step 421 of " recovery " state.The equipment that " recovery " state is managed is at any state that is not ready for receiving under the situation of order.If the equipment of being managed is in " recovery " state, the step 422 of next recovery operation is performed so.Recovery operation is attempted and the devices communicating of being managed, restart to cause himself, reflection by restarting operating systems is restarted, and is bad when low-level importing state shows operation system image, or the equipment of being managed is closed and opened to the power controller 317 that causes connecting.In step 423, method determines that whether successful equipment recovers.If recover not success, so wrong 404 turn back to the requestor.If recover successfully, next procedure is to turn back to connect 405, attempts to carry out once more in step 401 original operation requests.
If the equipment of being managed is in the state that receives order, this method determines whether the equipment of being managed carries out the preparation that receives order rather than be written into order 431 so.If the equipment of being managed is not in the state of the reception order except being written into, next step will be to ask to be written into operation 432 to be performed so.Request is written into operation 432 and sends necessary authentication command to the equipment of being managed, and attempts equipment and is set to " being written into " state.432 equipment that do not have successfully to be managed are set to " being written into " state if request is written into operation, and error message will turn back to the requestor so.
If the equipment of being managed is in the state of being written into, equipment is carried out in the preparation and next step 408 of receiving function life order so, and execution is given an order.Each solicit operation may be sent to that in the equipment of being managed order is formed by one or more, and one or more response modes that are identified.On the concurrent basis of sending command line of equipment state, the function of giving an order 408 determines that correct orders send in the equipment of being managed.In a preferred embodiment, the transmission of order and reception are finished by console communication interface (control desk port), and its utility command row interface is as mentioned above.
The next procedure of method 400 is to receive data in step 409.Receive data step 409 and collect, be used for one section special time in cycle of the equipment managed from the byte stream of the data of the equipment of being managed.Receive data step 409 and attempt to determine whether the equipment of being managed finishes the step 408 of order to order in response to transmission of sending data stream.Determine that receiving data streams finish if receive data step 409, if perhaps the time cycle be assigned to the step of process, the function that receives data has so just been finished.
The next procedure of operation 400 is resolution datas 410.The byte stream that resolution data 410 steps attempt to receive in receiving data step 409 is converted to the form that is suitable for being stored in the database.
In step 411, the data storage that is converted in resolution data step 410 is in database then.Next step is in step 412, the Audit data of the interactional order of being managed with quilt during storage is written into of equipment.Audit data is stored in the recovery subsequently that has been equipped with in the safe database by audit function and uses.
Next procedure 413 in whole process 400 is to determine whether to exist extra must being sent on the equipment of being managed to finish the order of operation response (getting back to step 401).If extra order is sent on the equipment of being managed, next step is to turn back to the linkage function step.If do not have extra order to send on the equipment of being managed, operate 400 so and just finished.
The bookkeeping of management equipment is specific and at length be connected on each equipment of being managed and finish by management equipment.And management equipment is carried out these bookkeepings and be need not the support of any outside and control (unless management equipment is to determine subsequently, so that outside support or management is suitable or needs) at LAN.Therefore, the LAN location and management equipment operation and equipment and the element of himself with respect to concrete are independent of integrated management, and management comprises that LAN and its element and equipment are (with other LAN, element, equipment and any WAN are non-centralized systems) network portion.Certainly, as referred, the LAN center of easy visit or long-range is possible for management equipment, and in fact, management equipment is logically assessed in some cases and controlled and manage with external resource.Yet, management equipment has been eliminated such requirement, be that each is handled by central administrator with each bookkeeping, as routine, manage LAN but change on the LAN of this locality cooperating mutually with other LAN of the enterprise network of set, each in the enterprise network of set is also all managed by management equipment separately in a similar manner.
Above-mentioned management equipment and system and method wherein provide a large amount of operation possibilities.Effectively, the network operation center (NOC) during typical centralized network ma nagement is arranged is not need to come supervising the network by management equipment.Each independent management equipment can be managed in many networks similarly local devices, can be used to provide the equipment of the greater number of identical or other positions with one of a large amount of management equipment.When being connected, the LAN (Local Area Network) (or or even one or more networked devices) that is positioned away from other network elements manages by management equipment.Be used for solving each the management of a plurality of network equipments, wherein management equipment is arranged in the place (rather than being arranged in concrete place, center) of a plurality of equipment, and this layout of control and management equipment makes by the operation of a lot of uniquenesses of management equipment and possibility and can take place.
The operation that is used for a kind of uniqueness of management equipment is the management position of determining the local device of LAN, on the position of equipment and be not any away from or other centralized control position.The centralized positioning bookkeeping of management equipment comprises the degradation of equipment disposition for the local network device that connects and if the setting during unsuitable configuration variation, continue the configuration and the performance of watch-dog, automatic service equipment, with safety and be connected (SSHv2) of coupling by safety, local or remote authentication, interactional complete audit-trail of equipment and graininess licensing mode are with visit of control remote equipment and management function.Because be connected to the logic of locational management equipment of network of management equipment and functional performance and specific system design and the arrangement of management equipment, these all operations are possible.
And management equipment provides the continual management of the connected network equipment, and it is to finish by the connection of determining path or auxiliary external network (or WAN) once more by the managerial ability of backup.Just as mentioned, after main visiting from outside fault or management equipment interrupt, the modulator-demodular unit of management equipment dials up on the telephone or similar path for external reference provides auxiliary.In operation, at equipment, network, or power interruption is when occurring, management equipment redefines path management communication automatically with supplementary access path rather than main network access path, and reason is that this situation may be or the arrangement and the configuration of management equipment as required.In addition and since management equipment can the operator's console communication path communicating with the equipment of being managed, the local management function automatically of the management equipment of the unavailability by the general data network is not affected.
Other operations of management equipment comprise for automatic, the artificial or controlled zone configuration management that is connected to the equipment on the management equipment in the time of on being connected to equipment.For example, in enterprise network with centralized administrator and database, because the management equipment management away from the equipment in place, center, is communicated by letter with configuration information to centralized administrator and the database that is used for enterprise network so management equipment will be used for the configuration at equipment and long-range local networking.In so a kind of layout, management equipment provides the equipment that connects and the main management of network, and centralized administrator and database can continue management enterprise, just as management equipment do not have/can not handle management, perhaps just as the backup that still needs bookkeeping or concentrate.
Other operations of management equipment are provided for being connected to the dynamic set of the driver of equipment on the management equipment and network.For example, management equipment, automatic or other, logistic discrimination connection device and the driver that is applicable to described equipment comprise upgrading and similar operations, and in first initialization that connects.This will be limited in the such project in any long range positioning, in the setting of connection device and network and management and mistake or the problem in the configuration.The database of the management equipment in the place and logical operation are used for the dynamic set driver that a large amount of drivers and LAN are carried out, according to the design and the arrangement of management equipment.
In addition, management equipment has various application with operation on the position of connected equipment and LAN and execution.These application comprise various possibilities, for example, be used for local devices and network and similar devices at equipment, usage and performance, e-welding, QoE formulates the data aggregation of decision-making.Certainly, for the local management of the management equipment by being used for connection device and network element and the notion of application service, these Application feasibility are actually unlimited.
Management equipment and LAN, equipment, element and using in conjunction with the various and many replacements in other way to manages of describing herein, design and operation in be feasible.
Hereinbefore, the present invention is by being described in conjunction with specific embodiment.Yet any those of ordinary skill in this area knows all and is not breaking away from of the present invention by following claims institute restricted portion that various modifications and variations can realize.Accordingly, what instructions and accompanying drawing were paid close attention to is to be used for illustrational embodiment, rather than restriction and all such modifications all comprise within the scope of the present invention.
The technical scheme of interests and other advantage and problem is described according to embodiment above.Yet, these interests, any interests that the technical scheme of advantage and problem and any element can cause, the scheme of advantage or problem occur or be more useful be not be understood that whole rights want comment qualitatively requirement or important feature or element.Term used herein " comprises ", " comprise " or other statement, purpose is to cover comprising of exclusiveness, for example, the process that comprises a series of elements, method, article or device, rather than only comprise element, the not row element wherein that also comprises other, intrinsic process, method, article or device.

Claims (48)

1. one kind is used for automatically managing one or more and installs the system that is equipped with, and this system comprises:
Be connected to the management equipment on the equipment that at least one described one or more quilt manages, this management equipment is arranged in the place of the described equipment of being managed;
Described management equipment comprises and is connected by the console communication of at least one equipment of being managed in the place of the equipment managed;
Be placed in the controller in the management equipment; And
Wherein said controller connects by console communication on the equipment that the one or more quilt in the place make one or more operations occur in the equipment of being managed manages.
2. according to the system of claim 1, further comprise:
External unit, it is not one of them or any one equipment of being managed of management equipment, neither locate in the place of the equipment of being managed;
Described management equipment comprises that being connected to first of shared wide area network or LAN (Local Area Network) communicates to connect;
Described management equipment comprises that the second communication that is connected to point to point network connects; And
Wherein management equipment is automatically set up and is point-to-pointly communicated to connect and communicate by point-to-point communicating to connect with described external unit, and first communicates to connect and do not responded.
3. according to the system of claim 1, further comprise:
Database, it is placed in the place of management equipment, and is operably connected on the management equipment in the place of management equipment;
Wherein said database can be visited by managed devices, and can not be by the device access of being managed; And
Wherein the described database of management apparatus access is to fetch and to store the database information about the equipment of managing and being managed.
4. according to the system of claim 3, wherein database information comprises configuration information, software image, is written at least one of information or remote maintenance grade monitor message.
5. according to the system of claim 4, wherein said configuration information comprises user, group, task and the License Info that is used for management equipment and is connected to each equipment of being managed on the management equipment.
6. according to the system of claim 4, wherein said configuration information comprises authentication and authorization information.
7. according to the system of claim 4, wherein said configuration information comprises the software version information that is used for management equipment and is connected to each equipment of being managed on the described management equipment.
8. according to the system of claim 4, wherein said configuration information comprises rule, and this rule further comprises expression formula, the numerical value that obtains in the information of fetching in described expression solution any one from management or the quilt equipment of managing.
9. according to the system of claim 4, wherein said configuration information comprises operation scheduling information, and it limits operation and is finished automatically by controller at the appointed time.
10. according to the system of claim 4, wherein said software image comprises the one or more software images that are used for management equipment and are connected to each equipment of being managed on the described management equipment.
11. according to the system of claim 4, the wherein said information that is written into comprises transaction data, it is caught from the end user of the equipment transaction managed with management equipment or quilt.
12. according to the system of claim 4, the wherein said information that is written into comprises transaction data, it is from by catching the performed automated transaction of described controller.
13. system according to claim 5, wherein said user, group, task and License Info can be used with being independent of being carried out automated validation on the equipment of managing or on each equipment of being managed of the safety feature of carrying out on cable network of sharing or the LAN (Local Area Network) by described management equipment, authorize and audit operation.
14. the system according to claim 1 further comprises:
By the one or more described equipment managed of power control unit for the source;
Described management equipment is operatively coupled on the described power control unit; And
Wherein said power control unit is controlled power supply to the described equipment of being managed by described power control unit.
15. according to the system of claim 1, wherein said controller comprises the command line interpreter device.
16. according to the system of claim 1, wherein said controller comprises remote service grade supervising device.
17. the system according to claim 16 further comprises:
Described controller produces mock trading to one or more long-range wide areas or LAN equipment;
Described controller receives the result from the result of mock trading or observation mock trading from one or more described remote equipments;
Wherein said controller is caught information temporary transient or transaction and is used for mock trading;
Wherein said controller calculates the grade of service that is used for mock trading; And wherein said controller storage is used for described temporary transient, transaction or the grade of service of mock trading.
18. the system according to claim 1 further comprises:
Described management equipment comprises equipment heartbeat device;
Wherein said heartbeat device further comprises firmware house dog heartbeat device; And
Wherein when described heartbeat device indicates described controller not respond, the firmware house dog heartbeat device described management equipment of resetting.
19. the system according to claim 2 further comprises:
Described management equipment comprises network service heartbeat device;
Wherein said controller is stopped using the communication of described wide area network; And
Wherein when described heartbeat device indicated described external entity not respond, described controller was brought into use the communication of described point-to-point connection.
20. according to the system of claim 2, wherein said external entity can be collected in the information that is written into that takes place during described external entity does not communicate with described management equipment.
21. system according to claim 19, wherein said heartbeat device continues to attempt that external entity by described use wide area network communicates and by described point-to-point the connection stopping communication and when described heartbeat device indication external entity has response by described Wide Area Network, restart the communication of the described Wide Area Network of use.
22. according to the system of claim 15, wherein said controller is further used for: acquisition will be handled the operation of one of described equipment of being managed;
Authorize described operation;
By described communicating to connect the described equipment of being managed is connected;
By described communicating to connect the state of the described equipment of being managed is monitored;
From described management equipment, send described the operation in the described equipment of being managed by described communicating to connect;
From the described equipment of being managed, receive the data that the described operation of indication is finished by described communicating to connect by described controller;
Resolve the result of described operation;
The result of described operation is stored in the database; And
In described database, be written into the generation and the result of described operation.
23. according to the system of claim 22, wherein said controller comprises the device of one of them fault that is used for monitoring automatically the described equipment of being managed and is used for the equipment that the quilt of described fault is managed is returned to the recovery device of operable state.
24. according to the system of claim 22, wherein said controller further comprises the fault recovery device, this device is used for recovering and the pilot operationp system image when inferior grade boot state indication operating system is lost or made mistakes.
25. one kind is used for automatically managing method one or more and that put the equipment of being managed, this method comprises:
Determine the position of management equipment in the place of the equipment of being managed;
Connect by console communication management equipment is connected at least one of equipment that described one or more quilt manages; And
Operation is placed on the equipment that the controller in the management equipment manages with the one or more quilt in the place that is connected the equipment of being managed by console communication and causes that one or more operations take place.
26. the method according to claim 25 further comprises:
External unit is provided, and it is not one of them or any one equipment of being managed of management equipment, neither locate in the place of the equipment of being managed;
Communicate to connect by first described management equipment is connected to shared wide area network or LAN (Local Area Network);
By the second communication connection described management equipment is connected to point to point network; And
When first communication connects is can not operate the time, automatically sets up point-to-point communicating to connect between management equipment and described external unit.
27. the method according to claim 25 further comprises:
Provide can accessing database management equipment, this database is placed in and is operably connected on the management equipment in the place of management equipment, so that described database can the managed devices visit, can not be by the device access of being managed; And
Accessing database is to fetch and to store the database information about the equipment of being managed.
28. according to the method for claim 27, wherein said database information comprises configuration information, software image, is written at least one in information or the remote maintenance level monitor message.
29. according to the method for claim 28, wherein said configuration information comprises user, group, task and the License Info that is used for management equipment and is connected to each equipment of being managed on the management equipment.
30. according to the method for claim 28, wherein said configuration information comprises authentication and authorization information.
31. according to the method for claim 28, wherein said configuration information comprises the software version information that is used for management equipment and is connected to each equipment of being managed on the described management equipment.
32. according to the method for claim 28, wherein said configuration information comprises rule, this rule further comprises expression formula, the numerical value that obtains in the information of fetching in described expression solution any one from management or the quilt equipment of managing.
33. according to the method for claim 28, wherein said configuration information comprises operation scheduling information, it limits operation and is finished automatically by controller at the appointed time.
34. according to the method for claim 28, wherein said software image comprises the one or more software images that are used for management equipment and are connected to each equipment of being managed on the described management equipment.
35. according to the method for claim 28, the wherein said information that is written into comprises interactional data, it is caught from the interactional end user of equipment who manages with management equipment or quilt.
36. according to the method for claim 28, the wherein said information that is written into comprises interactional data, it is caught carrying out from interacting automatically by described controller.
37. method according to claim 29, wherein said user, group, task and License Info can be used with being independent of being carried out automated validation on the equipment of managing or on each equipment of being managed of the safety feature of carrying out on cable network of sharing or the LAN (Local Area Network) by described management equipment, authorize and audit operation.
38. the method according to claim 25 further comprises:
Provide electric energy to the one or more described equipment of being managed by power control unit;
Connect described management equipment to control described power control unit; And
Wherein said power control unit is controlled the electric energy that is applied in the described equipment of being managed by described power control unit.
39. according to the method for claim 25, wherein said controller further is connected in the described equipment of being managed by command line interpreter.
40. according to the method for claim 25, wherein said controller is further monitored the remote service grade.
41. the method according to claim 25 further comprises:
Produce mock trading and give one or more long-range wide area network or LAN equipment;
From one or more described remote equipments, receive from the result of mock trading or the result of observation mock trading;
Catch information temporary transient or transaction about mock trading;
Calculating is used for the seeervice level of mock trading; And
Storage is used for described temporary transient, transaction or the grade of service of mock trading.
42. the method according to claim 25 further comprises:
House dog heartbeat signal generator is provided;
Wherein when described controller did not respond, the described management equipment of resetting took place in described house dog heartbeat signal.
43. the method according to claim 26 further comprises:
Produce the network service heartbeat signal;
Detect the communication when described controller is stopped using described wide area network; And
Wherein when described communication heartbeat signal indicates described external entity not respond, use described point-to-point connection to communicate.
44. according to the method for claim 26, wherein said external entity further can be collected in the information that is written into that takes place during described external entity does not communicate with described management equipment.
45. system according to claim 43, the described external entity that wherein said controller continues to attempt by using described wide area network communicates, with by the described point-to-point trial that stops to communicate by letter that is connected, and when described heartbeat signal has response by described wide area network indication external entity, restart the communication of using described Wide Area Network.
46. according to the method for claim 39, wherein said controller is further used for:
Acquisition is used for the operation of the processing of one of described equipment of being managed;
Authorize described operation;
By described communicating to connect the described equipment of being managed is connected;
By described communicating to connect the state of the described equipment of being managed is monitored;
From described management equipment, send described the operation in the described equipment of being managed by described communicating to connect;
From the described equipment of being managed, receive the data that the described operation of indication is finished by described communicating to connect by described controller;
Resolve the result of described operation;
The result of described operation is stored in the database; And
In described database, be written into the generation and the result of described operation.
47. according to the method for claim 46, the fault of one of them of the described equipment of being managed of the further automatic monitoring of wherein said controller; And the equipment that the quilt of described fault is managed returns to operable state.
48. according to the method for claim 46, wherein when inferior grade boot state indication operating system is lost or made mistakes, described controller is restarted the equipment that the quilt of described fault is managed by the recovery operation system image.
CNA2006800433548A 2005-10-20 2006-10-18 Non-centralized network device management using console communications system and method Pending CN101578593A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US72856005P true 2005-10-20 2005-10-20
US60/728,560 2005-10-20
US11/582,849 2006-10-17

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103858106A (en) * 2011-05-01 2014-06-11 鲁库斯无线公司 Remote cable access point reset
CN105721229A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-06-29 安徽电信规划设计有限责任公司 Network device management method
CN105721214A (en) * 2009-12-31 2016-06-29 宏正自动科技股份有限公司 Intelligent network management platform for ikvm servers
US9888136B2 (en) 2010-02-19 2018-02-06 Nikon Corporation Electronic device, imaging device, image reproduction method, image reproduction program, recording medium with image reproduction program recorded thereupon, and image reproduction device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105721214A (en) * 2009-12-31 2016-06-29 宏正自动科技股份有限公司 Intelligent network management platform for ikvm servers
CN105721214B (en) * 2009-12-31 2019-05-10 宏正自动科技股份有限公司 Platform is managed for the intelligent network that IKVM server uses
US10764447B2 (en) 2010-02-19 2020-09-01 Nikon Corporation Electronic device, imaging device, image reproduction method, image reproduction program, recording medium with image reproduction program recorded thereupon, and image reproduction device
US9888136B2 (en) 2010-02-19 2018-02-06 Nikon Corporation Electronic device, imaging device, image reproduction method, image reproduction program, recording medium with image reproduction program recorded thereupon, and image reproduction device
US10264146B2 (en) 2010-02-19 2019-04-16 Nikon Corporation Electronic device, imaging device, image reproduction method, image reproduction program, recording medium with image reproduction program recorded thereupon, and image reproduction device
CN103858106A (en) * 2011-05-01 2014-06-11 鲁库斯无线公司 Remote cable access point reset
CN105721229A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-06-29 安徽电信规划设计有限责任公司 Network device management method

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