CN101577853B - Accurate positioning method of wireless station terminal - Google Patents

Accurate positioning method of wireless station terminal Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101577853B
CN101577853B CN 200910078588 CN200910078588A CN101577853B CN 101577853 B CN101577853 B CN 101577853B CN 200910078588 CN200910078588 CN 200910078588 CN 200910078588 A CN200910078588 A CN 200910078588A CN 101577853 B CN101577853 B CN 101577853B
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method
station
accurate
wireless
terminal
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CN 200910078588
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101577853A (en )
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刘玲
张阳
李晋涛
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泰瑞数创科技(北京)有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses an accurate positioning method of a wireless station terminal. The method is a method which can be displayed under a three-dimensional mode, and can fast, intuitively and accurately realize the accurate positioning of the wireless station terminal. The method can accurately position the accurate position of a suspicious wireless station terminal in a three-dimensional space, can play intuitive function in a decision level, increase the accuracy of decision, avoids the occurrence of wrong decisions and the like, is based on the existing resources and does not need extralabor or equipment.

Description

一种无线台站终端精确定位方法技术领域 A radio terminal station precise positioning TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及无线终端监测技术和地理信息系统(GIS)领域,特别是涉及一种无线台站终端精确定位方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to wireless terminals monitoring technology and geographical information systems (GIS), and more particularly relates to a method for precisely positioning a terminal in a wireless station. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 近年来,无线通信设备成为了人们家中必备的设备。 [0002] In recent years, wireless communication devices become necessary equipment in people's homes. 与此同时,手机、电视等串线、 信号不稳定等现象时常发生,这就对无线通信设备的稳定性要求越来越高,也给无线电管理部门提出了很高的要求。 At the same time, mobile phones, television and other string lines, signal instability and other phenomena often occur, which the stability requirements of wireless communication devices become more sophisticated, but also put forward a very high demand for radio management department.

[0003] 对于无线电管理行业,一项重要的工作就是监测。 [0003] For radio management industry, an important task is to monitor. 监测可疑终端,查找可疑终端; 监测依法设立的无线电台站终端所受干扰频率,查找干扰源。 Detect suspicious terminal, looking for suspicious terminal; a radio station established by law suffered terminal monitoring frequency interference, to find the source of interference. 而监测工作的最终目标就是确定可疑无线台站终端或干扰无线台站终端的精确位置。 The ultimate goal is to determine the monitoring suspicious wireless station interference in a wireless terminal station or the precise location of the terminal. 而且查找周期越短、查找准确性越高,越能满足人们的需求,越能较少损失。 And look for shorter periods, to find higher accuracy, more able to meet people's needs, the more small losses.

[0004] 目前无线台站终端定位方法,是基于二维的,存在以下缺点或不足: [0004] It wireless terminal station positioning method is based on a two-dimensional, there is a disadvantage or disadvantages:

[0005] 首先,这种方式定位只能精确到二维平面上的某一点,不能准确定位到空间立体面中的某一点。 [0005] First, the only accurate way to locate a point can not be accurately positioned on the three-dimensional space at a point two-dimensional plane of the surface. 可是实际大部分情况下,无线台站终端并不是在地面上的,如可以在楼房中的某层。 However, most practical cases, the wireless terminal station is not on the ground, as may be a layer of building. 当无线台站终端在楼房中的某一层时,监控人员需要查找某由二维无线台站终端定位方法确定的某一坐标点上各层的情况,这样不仅浪费资源,而且会浪费时间,可能导致不可预料的损失; When the wireless terminal station in the building in a layer, layers monitoring personnel need to find a case where the one-dimensional coordinate point determined by the method of positioning the wireless terminal station, not only a waste of resources, but also a waste of time, It may lead to unexpected losses;

[0006] 其次,二维无线台站终端定位方法展示不直观。 [0006] Next, the radio station the two-dimensional display terminal positioning method is not intuitive. 处理人员、监控人员或者指挥人员等对于无线台站终端所在位置只是停留在二维层面上。 Personnel, command and monitoring personnel or personnel for the radio station terminal location just stay on the two-dimensional level. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 本发明一种无线台站终端精确定位方法旨在提供一种可以在三维模式下展示的可以快速、直观、精确地实现无线台站终端精确定位的方法。 [0007] The present invention is a radio station terminals intended to provide a method for precisely positioning can appear in three-dimensional mode for quick and intuitive, accurate method of positioning the wireless terminal station accurately achieved.

[0008] 本发明一种无线台站终端精确定位方法的技术方案如下: [0008] The present invention provides a wireless terminal station method for precisely positioning the technical solutions as follows:

[0009] 第一步:监控终端监控到可疑无线台站终端后,无线电监控车利用无线电波的直线传播特性,检测出信号源的经纬度、方位角和仰角信息,监控终端通过无线网络与监控中心通信,将所述的经纬度、仰角、方位角和频率信息传输给监控中心,所述的通信方式可以以VPN网络接入、APN网络接入或者APN+VPN网络混合方式接入; [0009] The first step: the monitoring terminal to monitor suspicious wireless station terminal, the radio monitor the car by the linear characteristics of the radio wave propagation, the signal source is detected latitude and longitude, azimuth and elevation information, monitoring terminal through a wireless network with the monitoring center communication, the latitude and longitude, elevation, and azimuth information to the monitoring center frequency, the communication may be to access VPN network access, network access, or the APN APN + VPN network hybrid mode;

[0010] 第二步:监控终端在三维GIS地图中确定所述的可疑无线台站终端在空间的精确位置,将两台监控终端分别看作是一条射线的端点,此端点的位置就是监测终端的坐标。 [0010] The second step: determining the control terminal of the three-dimensional GIS map suspicious wireless terminal station at a precise spatial position, the two are regarded as a monitoring terminal endpoint rays, the position of this endpoint is to monitor terminal coordinate of. 根据监测到的经纬度、方位角和仰角,可以在空间分别画一条以监控终端为端点的射线,所述的两条三维空间中射线的交点即为该可疑无线台站终端在三维空间的精确位置; According to the detected latitude and longitude, azimuth and elevation, respectively, can be drawn in a space as a radiation monitor terminal end of said two three-dimensional space is the intersection of the ray questionable accuracy location of the wireless terminal station in the three-dimensional space ;

[0011] 第三步:监控终端将所述的在三维GIS地图中确定的所述的可以无线台站终端在空间的精确位置相关信息与控制中心数据库匹配; [0011] The third step: determining the three-dimensional map in the GIS may monitor wireless terminal station to the terminal at a precise location-related information matching with the control center database space;

[0012] 第四步:将所述的在三维GIS地图中确定的所述的可疑无线台站终端在空间的精3确位置相关信息与控制中心数据库匹配后,若发现所述的可疑无线台站终端在控制中心有资料并且合法,则将所述的可疑无线台站终端作为频率冲突无线台站终端处理,若发现所述的可疑无线台站终端在控制中心无资料,则将所述的可疑无线台站终端作为非法无线台站终端处理。 [0012] Step 4: according to the determined three-dimensional map in the GIS suspicious wireless terminal station 3 in the correct position of the fine space-related information to the control center database match, if found in the questionable radio station in the control center station terminal has valid information and, then the suspect radio terminal station as the radio frequency conflict processing terminal station, if the radio station suspicious terminal according to the information control center not found, then the suspicious illegal wireless station as a wireless terminal station terminal processing.

[0013] 本发明一种无线台站终端精确定位方法的有益效果在于:所述的无线台站终端精确定位方法可以精确地定位可疑无线台站终端在三维空间的精确位置;所述的无线台站终端精确定位方法可以在决策层次上发挥直观作用,增加决策准确度,避免决策失误等现象的发生,并且,所述的无线台站终端精确定位方法是建立在现有资源的基础上,并不需要额外增加人力或设备。 [0013] A radio terminal station exact positioning method of the present invention is advantageous effect that: the wireless terminal station method for precisely positioning the precise location can be accurately positioned suspicious wireless terminal station in three dimensional space; said wireless station precise positioning of the terminal station at the decision-making methods can play the role of an intuitive level, increasing the accuracy of the decision, to avoid making mistakes like phenomenon, and the wireless terminal station exact positioning method is based on the available resources, and It does not require additional manpower or equipment. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0014] 图1是本发明一种无线台站终端精确定位方法的流程图。 [0014] FIG. 1 is a flowchart of a method of the present invention, accurate positioning of a wireless terminal station. 具体实施方式 detailed description

[0015] 实施例: [0015] Example:

[0016] 以某市无线电管理局为例,结合附图,进一步说明本发明一种无线台站终端精确定位方法的具体实施方式。 [0016] In a city Radio Authority, for example, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, further illustrate specific embodiments of the present invention method for precisely positioning a radio station terminal.

[0017] 某市无线电管理局设置各种监控设备,对某市现有台站终端进行实时监控。 [0017] Administration of Radio city provided with various monitoring equipment, the terminal station of a city existing real-time monitoring. A桥附近一台监控终端发现一个可疑无线台站终端正在发设信号,那么此监控终端随即测量无线电波的直线传播特性的参数,控制中心就会在一个基于三维GIS的平台上用检测出信号源的经纬度、方位角和仰角,确定所述的可疑无线台站终端的精确位置,并结合频率信息通过GPRS网络控制中心与监控终端通信,将测出的可疑无线台站终端信息传给控制中心,控制中心将此数据与控制中心数据库中数据进行匹配,若控制中心数据库中有与所述的可疑无线台站终端相关的信息,并且所述得可疑无线台站终端是合法使用的无线台站终端,那么判定可能存在频率冲突,进行频率协调。 A bridge near a monitor terminal discovers a suspicious radio station terminal is sent a reset signal, then the measured parameter monitoring terminal immediately rectilinear propagation property of the radio waves, the control center will be used based on a detected signal a three-dimensional platform of GIS suspicious wireless terminal station latitude and longitude, azimuth and elevation of the source, determining the wireless station terminal suspicious precise location, combined with the frequency information through the GPRS network control center communicating with the terminal to monitor the measured information to the control center , this data control center and the control center matches the data in the database, if the control terminal has a central database associated with the suspicious radio station information, and the radio station terminal suspiciously legitimate use wireless station terminal, it is determined that there may be a conflict frequency, frequency coordination. 若控制中心数据库中没有与所述的可疑无线台站终端相关的信息,那么此终端被判定位非法无线台站终端。 If the control center is not in the database associated with the terminal suspicious wireless station information, then the radio terminal is adjudged illegal positioning station terminal.

Claims (5)

  1. 1. 一种无线台站终端精确定位方法,其特征在于:包括以下步骤:第一步:监控终端监控到可疑无线台站终端后,无线电监控车利用无线电波的直线传播特性,检测信号源的经纬度、方位角和仰角信息,监控终端通过无线网络与监控中心通信,将所述的经纬度、仰角、方位角和频率信息传输给监控中心;第二步:监控终端在三维GIS地图中确定所述的可疑无线台站终端在空间的精确位置,将两台监控终端分别看作是一条射线的端点,此端点的位置就是监测终端的坐标,根据检测到的经纬度、方位角和仰角,在空间分别画一条以监控终端为端点的射线,所述的两条三维空间中射线的交点即为所述的可疑无线台站终端在三维空间的精确位置;第三步:监控终端将所述的在三维GIS地图中确定的所述的可疑无线台站终端在空间的精确位置相关信息与控制中心 A wireless method for precisely positioning a terminal station, characterized by: comprising the steps of: first step: monitoring terminal monitoring a suspicious wireless station after the terminal, monitoring the car radio by the linear characteristics of the radio wave propagation, the detection signal source latitude and longitude, azimuth and elevation information, the monitoring terminal through a wireless communication network with the monitoring center, the latitude and longitude, elevation, and azimuth information to the monitoring center frequency; Step: monitoring terminal in determining the three-dimensional map GIS suspicious wireless station terminal to the precise spatial position, the two are regarded as a monitoring terminal endpoint ray, the coordinates of the position of this endpoint is to monitor the terminal, according to the detected latitude and longitude, azimuth and elevation, respectively, in the space Videos to monitor a terminal end of the radiation, the two three-dimensional space is the intersection of the ray suspicious wireless terminal station precise position in the three-dimensional space; the third step: the control terminal of the three-dimensional suspicious wireless terminal station GIS map in determining the precise location of the space-related information and the control center 据库匹配;第四步:将所述的在三维GIS地图中确定的所述的可疑无线台站终端在空间的精确位置相关信息与控制中心数据库匹配后,若发现所述的可疑无线台站终端在控制中心有资料并且合法,则将所述的可疑无线台站终端作为频率冲突无线台站终端处理,若发现所述的可疑无线台站终端在控制中心无资料,则将所述的可疑无线台站终端作为非法无线台站终端处理。 Matching database; Step 4: questionable radio station terminal identified in the three-dimensional map in the GIS after the precise position related information database matches with the control center of the space, if suspicious said wireless station data terminal control center and valid, then the wireless station suspicious terminal station as the radio frequency terminals handling conflicts, if found the suspicious wireless terminal station control center not available, then the suspect illegal wireless station as a wireless terminal station terminal processing.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种无线台站终端精确定位方法,其特征在于:应用强定向性天线检测所述的信号源的经纬度、方位角和仰角信息。 2. A radio terminal station according to a method for precisely positioning claim, wherein: the longitude and latitude using a strongly directional antennas detected the signal source, azimuth and elevation information.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的一种无线台站终端精确定位方法,其特征在于:所述通信其方式为以VPN网络接入。 The method for precisely positioning the terminal 1. A radio station as claimed in claim, wherein: said communication as a way to access VPN network.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的一种无线台站终端精确定位方法,其特征在于:所述通信其方式为以APN网络接入。 The method for precisely positioning the terminal 1. A radio station as claimed in claim, wherein: said communication network in a manner to access APN.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的一种无线台站终端精确定位方法,其特征在于:所述通信其方式为以APN+VPN网络混合方式接入。 The method for precisely positioning the terminal 1. A radio station as claimed in claim, wherein: said communication in a manner that a mixed manner APN + VPN network access.
CN 200910078588 2009-02-27 2009-02-27 Accurate positioning method of wireless station terminal CN101577853B (en)

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CN102540177B (en) * 2012-01-05 2014-06-25 北京航空航天大学 Target positioning method based on 3D ray-tracing algorithm
CN104080042A (en) * 2013-03-30 2014-10-01 北京百度网讯科技有限公司 Wireless signal acquisition method and system for mobile positioning service
CN104776853A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-15 重庆市海普软件产业有限公司 Quick positioning system and method for finding persons

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