CN101574861A - Titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101574861A
CN101574861A CNA2009100945537A CN200910094553A CN101574861A CN 101574861 A CN101574861 A CN 101574861A CN A2009100945537 A CNA2009100945537 A CN A2009100945537A CN 200910094553 A CN200910094553 A CN 200910094553A CN 101574861 A CN101574861 A CN 101574861A
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titanium
aluminium
plate
composite plate
aluminum
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CN101574861B (en
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竺培显
杨秀琴
周生刚
黄文芳
张瑾
许健
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Kunming University of Science and Technology
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Kunming University of Science and Technology
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Abstract

The invention discloses a titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate used for an insoluble anode in electrolysis process and a preparation method thereof, belonging to the technical field of wet-process metallurgy. The preparation method comprises the following steps of: adopting one or more of techniques of electric arc spraying, spray deposition, composite rolling, melt plating and the like to coat an aluminium layer on the single surface of the surfaces of the titanium plate, obtaining two titanium/aluminium composite plates which are then prepared into the titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite electrode material which takes aluminium as an inner core (for improving the electric conductivity of the electrode) and is coated by titanium at the outer layer. The prepared titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate has the advantages of excellent interface coherency, good electric conductivity, good corrosion resistance, low cost and the like, a coating titanium anode prepared by adopting the laminated composite plate as a substrate leads the internal resistance of inert electrode to be reduced, the current distribution to be even and the electrolytic product purity to be improved, thus achieving the effects of saving energy and reducing consumption; and the bath voltage is reduced by 10 to 30 percent compared with that of the pure titanium coating anode.

Description

Titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to the preparation method that fields such as electrolytic non-ferrous metal, chlorine industry are used for insoluble anode substrate titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate.
Background technology
Electrode plays important effect in electrolytic industry, the insoluble anode material that is used for the rare metal extraction at present mainly is lead-containing alloy electrode (abbreviation lead electrode) and ti-based coating electrode (being called for short the titanium electrode), yet plumbous intensity is low, density is big, easily dissolving, internal resistance are big, and the employing metal is an inert anode, causes the lead content in the electrolytic production to increase; And the titanium internal resistance is big, the price height is unavoidable contradiction.
At present the domestic and international research emphasis mainly is to carry out big quantity research aspect alloy system and coating, and improving the serviceability of electrode, and these methods are to reducing the electrode internal resistance, not obviously effect.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is the bigger problem of material internal resistance, the preparation method of the titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite that a kind of preparation technology is simple, production cost is low, stock utilization is high, dimensional accuracy is high, conduct electricity very well is provided at existing titanium electrode.
The present invention is achieved in that described titanium/aluminium lamination shape composite plate is to apply aluminium lamination at titanium plate single face, obtain titanium/aluminum composite board, with two titanium/aluminum composite board aluminium lamination surface-coated aluminium welding compounds, aluminium lamination superposes relatively, and four side welds connect after the heat treatment, and obtaining with aluminium is inner core, the outer titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate that coats by the titanium plate, aluminum layer thickness is 0.1 ~ 5mm, and the titanium thickness of slab is 0.5 ~ 5mm, and aluminium plate thickness is 5-15mm.
Described titanium is pure titanium or titanium alloy sheet, and aluminium is fine aluminium or aluminium alloy.
The preparation method of this composite plate adopts in electric arc spraying, jet deposition, composite rolling, the fusion plating method one or more at titanium plate surface applied aluminium lamination.
Adopt the step of electrical arc spraying method for preparing titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate to be: with the titanium plate deoil, surface sand-blasting, erosion handle, utilize arc-spraying machine spraying aluminium lamination, aluminium lamination surface-coated aluminium welding compound, again that two titanium/aluminum composite board aluminium laminations are relative, through Overheating Treatment, rolling, the bound edge welding promptly gets titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate.
The step that the present invention adopts jet deposition to prepare titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate is: with the titanium plate deoil, sandblast, vacuum or argon atmospher settling chamber are sent in preheating, by pressure atomization shower nozzle jet deposition layer of aluminum, cover aluminium titanium plate aluminium lamination surface-coated aluminium welding compound at gained, again that two titanium/aluminum composite board aluminium laminations are relative, through Overheating Treatment, rolling, the bound edge welding promptly gets titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate.
The step that adopts composite rolling to prepare titanium alclad composite plate is: respectively titanium plate and surface of aluminum plate are carried out oil removing, cleaning and sandblast, handle clean, or carry out surface modification treatment on the aluminium surface, titanium plate with 0.5 ~ 5mm encases aluminium sheet, make the composite plate of titanium alclad, promptly obtain the laminated composite plate of titanium alclad then through rolling, heat treatment, bound edge welding.
The step that adopts the fusion plating to prepare titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate is, with the titanium plate deoil, sandblast removes oxide-film, with the welding of two titanium plates peripheries, immerse in the molten aluminum liquid, temperature is 600 ~ 900 ℃, and temperature retention time 60min ~ 15s obtains titanium/aluminum composite board, with two titanium/aluminum composite boards separately, at aluminium lamination surface-coated aluminium welding compound, again two titanium/aluminum composite board aluminium laminations are superposeed relatively, through heat treatment, rolling, the bound edge welding promptly gets titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate.
Described titanium is pure titanium or titanium alloy sheet, and aluminium is fine aluminium or aluminium alloy, and described aluminum layer thickness is 0.1 ~ 5mm, and the titanium thickness of slab is 0.5 ~ 5mm, and aluminium plate thickness is 5-15mm.
Titanium of the present invention/aluminium complex technique comprises several different methods such as electric arc spraying, jet deposition, composite rolling, fusion plating, is specifically described as follows:
(1) step of said employing electrical arc spraying method for preparing titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate is: with titanium plate surface carry out that oil removing, cleaning are clean, blasting treatment or mechanical striping, with the aluminium lamination of arc-spraying machine at titanium plate single face spraying one deck 1 ~ 10mm, the electric arc spraying process parameter is arc voltage 32 ~ 42V, operating current 160 ~ 200A, air pressure 0.3 ~ 0.9MPa, spray distance 80 ~ 200mm.Obtain titanium/aluminum composite board, with two titanium/aluminum composite boards, behind the aluminium lamination surface-coated aluminium welding compound, aluminium lamination overlaps relatively, and square or rectangular titanium plate is carried out hot rolling, and 400 ~ 650 ℃ of temperature are cold rolling again, and the bound edge welding obtains titanium alclad composite plate.
(2) said employing jet deposition prepares the step of titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate and is: oil removing is carried out on titanium plate surface, cleaning is clean, blasting treatment or mechanical striping, preheating, temperature is 200 ~ 600 ℃, send into vacuum or argon atmospher settling chamber, spray the single sided deposition layer of aluminum by the pressure atomization shower nozzle, aluminum layer thickness is 1 ~ 10mm, obtain titanium/aluminum composite board, with two titanium/aluminum composite boards, aluminium lamination surface-coated aluminium welding compound, aluminium lamination overlaps relatively, square or rectangular titanium plate is carried out hot rolling, 300 ~ 650 ℃ of temperature, cold rolling then, the bound edge welding obtains titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate.
(3) said employing composite rolling prepares the step of titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate and is: respectively titanium plate and surface of aluminum plate are carried out oil removing, cleaning and sandblast, handle clean, or carry out surface modification treatment on the aluminium surface, titanium plate with 0.5 ~ 5mm encases aluminium sheet, make the composite plate of titanium alclad, weld with argon arc welding through rolling, heat treatment and with the titanium plate, obtain the laminated composite plate of titanium alclad.
(4) the said employing fusion plating step for preparing titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate is: titanium plate single face is carried out oil removing, cleaning is clean, blasting treatment or mechanical striping, with the welding of two titanium plate peripheries, putting into the molten bath single face of aluminium aluminizes, bath temperature is 600 ~ 900 ℃, dip time is 15s ~ 60min, obtain titanium/aluminum composite board, with two titanium/aluminum composite boards separately, aluminium lamination overlaps relatively behind the aluminium lamination surface-coated aluminium welding compound, square or rectangular titanium plate is carried out hot rolling, 400 ~ 650 ℃ of temperature, cold rolling then, four side welds connect and obtain titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate.
The titanium plate thickness is 0.5 ~ 5mm in described method (1), (2), (3), (4), and the aluminium sheet plate thickness is 5 ~ 15mm.
Obtained titanium/aluminum composite board in described method (1), (2), (3), (4), the titanium plate face coated with aluminum welding compound of aluminizing, stack is compound relatively with two titanium/aluminum composite board aluminium faces then, heat treatment, a kind of bound edge welding by in argon arc welding, submerged-arc welding, electron-bombardment welding, plasma arc welding (PAW), the electric-resistance seam-welding makes titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate.
Described titanium alclad composite plate is the used substrate of preparation titanium electrode, carries out surface treatment, coating, makes to produce and uses titanium anode plate.Described titanium, aluminium can be pure titanium, fine aluminium, or titanium alloy, aluminium alloy.
Titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate circle that the present invention prepares have the face associativity good, conduct electricity very well, corrosion resistance is good, low cost and other advantages.By aluminium is inner core, improve the electric conductivity of electrode with this, with it as the prepared coating titanium anode that goes out of substrate, make inert electrode internal resistance reduction, CURRENT DISTRIBUTION evenly, improved the purity of electrolytic production and reached energy-saving and cost-reducing effect, tank voltage falls 10%~30% than pure titanium coated anode.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 (a) titanium/aluminum composite board part sectioned view reaches (b) compound section figure.
Fig. 2 (a) titanium alclad composite plate structure schematic diagram reaches (b) part sectioned view.
The specific embodiment
Further specify flesh and blood of the present invention with example below, but content of the present invention is not limited to this.
Embodiment 1 deoils 120 * 120 * 0.8mm titanium plate surface, sandblast, utilize running parameter to be spray voltage 32V, electric current 160A, air pressure 0.5MPa, spray distance 100mm, CDM-1620 type arc-spraying machine is at the thick aluminium lamination of titanium plate surface single face spraying 1mm, under 500 ℃ of temperature, carry out hot rolling, the back is cold rolling, make titanium/aluminum composite board, two titanium/aluminum composite board aluminium faces are applied the layer of aluminum welding compound, aluminium lamination stack relatively applies certain pressure, and insulation is 60 minutes in 500 ℃ of heating furnaces, and is cold rolling, weld by the argon arc welding bound edge, make titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate, coating is applied in the electrolysis tank voltage and reduces by 15% than pure titanium plate.
Embodiment 2 deoils 120 * 120 * 0.8mm titanium plate surface, sandblast, utilize running parameter to be spray voltage 36V, electric current 180A, air pressure 0.5MPa, the thick aluminium lamination of spray distance 100mm CDM-1620 arc-spraying machine spraying 1mm, under 500 ℃ of temperature, carry out hot rolling, the back is cold rolling, make titanium/aluminum composite board, the aluminium face applies the layer of aluminum welding compound, aluminium lamination stack relatively applies certain pressure, insulation is 60 minutes in 600 ℃ of heating furnaces, cold rolling, by the welding of argon arc welding bound edge, make titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate, coating is applied in the electrolysis tank voltage and reduces by 15% than pure titanium plate.
Embodiment 3 with 120 * 120 * 0.8mm titanium plate surface deoil, sandblast, put into the argon atmospher settling chamber, be preheated to 300 ℃ of thick aluminium laminations of single face spray deposition 1mm, under 500 ℃ of temperature, carry out hot rolling, the back is cold rolling, make titanium/aluminum composite board, two titanium/aluminum composite board aluminium faces are applied the layer of aluminum welding compound, aluminium lamination stack relatively applies certain pressure, and insulation is 60 minutes in 600 ℃ of heating furnaces, and is cold rolling, weld with the argon arc welding bound edge, make titanium alclad composite plate, coating is applied in the electrolysis tank voltage and reduces by 25% than pure titanium plate.
Embodiment 4 with 120 * 120 * 0.8mm titanium plate surface deoil, sandblast, put into the argon atmospher settling chamber, be preheated to 400 ℃ of thick aluminium laminations of single face spray deposition 0.8mm, under 400 ℃ of temperature, carry out hot rolling, the back is cold rolling, make titanium/aluminum composite board, two titanium/aluminum composite board aluminium faces are applied the layer of aluminum welding compound, aluminium lamination stack relatively applies certain pressure, and insulation is 60 minutes in 600 ℃ of heating furnaces, and is cold rolling, weld with the argon arc welding bound edge, make titanium alclad composite plate, coating is applied in the electrolysis tank voltage and reduces by 24% than pure titanium plate.
Embodiment 5 with 600 * 600 * 10mm surface of aluminum plate carry out oil removing, clean up, processing such as sandblast, the titanium plate thick with 2mm encases aluminium sheet, be rolled as required then, carry out annealing in process at 600 ℃ of insulation 60min, make titanium/aluminum composite board, and with argon arc welding technique the titanium plate is carried out bound edge and weld, this plate is that matrix is made inert anode, compares tank voltage with pure titanium and reduces by 20%.
Embodiment 6 with 600 * 600 * 10mm surface of aluminum plate carry out oil removing, clean up, processing such as sandblast, the titanium plate thick with 2mm encases aluminium sheet, make titanium/aluminum composite board, be rolled as required then, carry out annealing in process at 600 ℃ of insulation 30min, and with argon arc welding technique the titanium plate is carried out bound edge and weld, make titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate.This plate is that matrix is made inert anode, compares tank voltage with pure titanium and reduces by 22%.
Embodiment 7 deoils 120 * 120 * 0.8mm titanium plate surface, sandblast, with the welding of two titanium plate peripheries, put into aluminium liquid molten bath, bath temperature is 680 ℃, time is 25min, obtain the titanium/aluminum composite board that aluminum layer thickness is 0.5mm, two blocks of titanium plates being aluminized in the surface separate, and obtain the titanium/aluminum composite board that single face is aluminized, two titanium/aluminum composite board aluminium faces are applied the layer of aluminum welding compound, stack applies certain pressure, and insulation is 60 minutes in 600 ℃ of heating furnaces, and is cold rolling, weld with the argon arc welding bound edge, make titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate, coating is applied in the electrolysis tank voltage and reduces by 30% than pure titanium plate.
Embodiment 8 deoils 120 * 120 * 0.8mm titanium plate surface, sandblast, with the welding of two titanium plate peripheries, put into aluminium liquid molten bath, bath temperature is 900 ℃, time is 15s, obtain the titanium/aluminum composite board that aluminum layer thickness is 0.5mm, two blocks of titanium plates being aluminized in the surface separate, and obtain the titanium/aluminum composite board that single face is aluminized, two titanium/aluminum composite board aluminium faces are applied the layer of aluminum welding compound, aluminium lamination stack relatively applies certain pressure, is incubated 60min in 600 ℃ of heating furnaces, and is cold rolling, weld with the argon arc welding bound edge, make titanium alclad composite plate, coating is applied in the electrolysis tank voltage and reduces by 28% than pure titanium plate.

Claims (8)

1, a kind of titanium/aluminium lamination shape composite plate, it is characterized in that described titanium/aluminium lamination shape composite plate is to apply aluminium lamination at titanium plate single face, obtains titanium/aluminum composite board, with two titanium/aluminum composite board aluminium lamination surface-coated aluminium welding compounds, aluminium lamination superposes relatively, and four side welds connect after the heat treatment, and obtaining with aluminium is inner core, the outer titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate that coats by the titanium plate, aluminum layer thickness is 0.1 ~ 5mm, and the titanium thickness of slab is 0.5 ~ 5mm, and aluminium plate thickness is 5-15mm.
2, titanium as claimed in claim 1/aluminium lamination shape composite plate preparation is characterized in that described titanium is pure titanium or titanium alloy sheet, and aluminium is fine aluminium or aluminium alloy.
3, a kind of preparation method of titanium alclad composite plate is characterized in that, the preparation method of this composite plate adopts in electric arc spraying, jet deposition, composite rolling, the fusion plating method one or more at titanium plate surface applied aluminium lamination.
4, the preparation method of the described titanium alclad of claim 3 composite plate, it is characterized in that, adopt the step of electrical arc spraying method for preparing titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate to be: with the titanium plate deoil, surface sand-blasting, erosion handle, utilize arc-spraying machine spraying aluminium lamination, aluminium lamination surface-coated aluminium welding compound, again that two titanium/aluminum composite board aluminium laminations are relative, through Overheating Treatment, rolling, the bound edge welding promptly gets titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate.
5, the preparation method of the described titanium alclad of claim 3 composite plate, it is characterized in that, the step that adopts jet deposition to prepare titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate is: with the titanium plate deoil, sandblast, vacuum or argon atmospher settling chamber are sent in preheating, by pressure atomization shower nozzle jet deposition layer of aluminum, cover aluminium titanium plate aluminium lamination surface-coated aluminium welding compound at gained, again that two titanium/aluminum composite board aluminium laminations are relative, through Overheating Treatment, rolling, the bound edge welding promptly gets titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate.
6, the preparation method of the described titanium alclad of claim 3 composite plate, it is characterized in that, the step that adopts composite rolling to prepare titanium alclad composite plate is: respectively titanium plate and surface of aluminum plate are carried out oil removing, cleaning and sandblast, handle clean, or carry out surface modification treatment on the aluminium surface, titanium plate with 0.5 ~ 5mm encases aluminium sheet, makes the composite plate of titanium alclad, promptly obtains the laminated composite plate of titanium alclad then through rolling, heat treatment, bound edge welding.
7, the preparation method of the described titanium alclad of claim 3 composite plate, it is characterized in that, the step that adopts the fusion plating to prepare titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate is, with the titanium plate deoil, sandblast removes oxide-film, with the welding of two titanium plate peripheries, immerse in the molten aluminum liquid, temperature is 600 ~ 900 ℃, and temperature retention time 60min ~ 15s obtains titanium/aluminum composite board, with two titanium/aluminum composite boards separately, at aluminium lamination surface-coated aluminium welding compound, again two titanium/aluminum composite board aluminium laminations are superposeed relatively, through heat treatment, rolling, the bound edge welding promptly gets titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate.
8. as the preparation method of titanium alclad composite plate as described in each in the claim 3,4,5,6,7, it is characterized in that described titanium is pure titanium or titanium alloy sheet, aluminium is fine aluminium or aluminium alloy, described aluminum layer thickness is 0.1 ~ 5mm, and the titanium thickness of slab is 0.5 ~ 5mm, and aluminium plate thickness is 5-15mm.
CN2009100945537A 2009-06-08 2009-06-08 Titanium-coated aluminium laminated composite plate and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN101574861B (en)

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CN102284833A (en) * 2011-05-23 2011-12-21 宋洪海 Production method of titanium-aluminium composite plates
WO2012022671A1 (en) * 2010-08-16 2012-02-23 Alinox Ag Process for producing a metal plate having an embedded heating element and metal plate produced thereby
CN102601153A (en) * 2012-03-14 2012-07-25 河海大学 Method for preparing layered nickel/aluminum composite material
CN103447298A (en) * 2012-05-07 2013-12-18 伯恩哈德·施图斯 Method for producing a metallic laminated multi-layer film, in particular a laminated multi-layer film in the form of a tape
CN103572325A (en) * 2012-08-01 2014-02-12 美铝公司 Inert electrode with low voltage drop and method of making same
CN105369182A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-03-02 昆明理工大学 Method for preparing titanium-aluminum alloy sheet
CN106583908A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-04-26 北京有色金属研究总院 Lamellar high-strength light titanium-aluminum composite plate and preparation method thereof
CN106623424A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-05-10 北京有色金属研究总院 Preparing method of multi-layer corrosion resistant lightweight aluminum titanium composite plate
CN106914625A (en) * 2017-01-19 2017-07-04 中南大学 A kind of titanium/aluminium functionally gradient material (FGM) and preparation method thereof
CN107717332A (en) * 2017-06-26 2018-02-23 太原科技大学 A kind of manufacture method of easily welding bound edge stainless steel clad plate
CN108220699A (en) * 2018-01-12 2018-06-29 北京科技大学 The preparation method of body structural member High-strength high-plasticity aluminum alloy double-layer composite board
CN108526638A (en) * 2018-04-16 2018-09-14 芜湖市泰能电热器具有限公司 A kind of application method of aluminium solder
CN109465296A (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-03-15 宜兴市惠华复合材料有限公司 A kind of metal composite process
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WO2012022671A1 (en) * 2010-08-16 2012-02-23 Alinox Ag Process for producing a metal plate having an embedded heating element and metal plate produced thereby
CN102284833A (en) * 2011-05-23 2011-12-21 宋洪海 Production method of titanium-aluminium composite plates
CN102601153A (en) * 2012-03-14 2012-07-25 河海大学 Method for preparing layered nickel/aluminum composite material
US9440417B2 (en) 2012-05-07 2016-09-13 Bernhard STUTH Method of making a metal-strip laminate
CN103447298B (en) * 2012-05-07 2017-03-01 伯恩哈德·施图斯 For manufacturing metallic multilayer composite, the especially method of banding multilayer materials
CN103447298A (en) * 2012-05-07 2013-12-18 伯恩哈德·施图斯 Method for producing a metallic laminated multi-layer film, in particular a laminated multi-layer film in the form of a tape
CN103572325A (en) * 2012-08-01 2014-02-12 美铝公司 Inert electrode with low voltage drop and method of making same
CN105369182A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-03-02 昆明理工大学 Method for preparing titanium-aluminum alloy sheet
CN105369182B (en) * 2015-10-26 2018-02-09 昆明理工大学 A kind of method for preparing titanium-aluminium alloy thin plate
CN106623424A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-05-10 北京有色金属研究总院 Preparing method of multi-layer corrosion resistant lightweight aluminum titanium composite plate
CN106623424B (en) * 2016-12-07 2018-06-15 北京有色金属研究总院 A kind of preparation method of multilayer corrosion-proof lightweight aluminium titanium composite panel
CN106583908A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-04-26 北京有色金属研究总院 Lamellar high-strength light titanium-aluminum composite plate and preparation method thereof
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CN106914625A (en) * 2017-01-19 2017-07-04 中南大学 A kind of titanium/aluminium functionally gradient material (FGM) and preparation method thereof
CN106914625B (en) * 2017-01-19 2018-11-30 中南大学 A kind of titanium/aluminium functionally gradient material (FGM) and preparation method thereof
CN107717332A (en) * 2017-06-26 2018-02-23 太原科技大学 A kind of manufacture method of easily welding bound edge stainless steel clad plate
CN108220699A (en) * 2018-01-12 2018-06-29 北京科技大学 The preparation method of body structural member High-strength high-plasticity aluminum alloy double-layer composite board
CN108220699B (en) * 2018-01-12 2019-10-22 北京科技大学 The preparation method of body structural member High-strength high-plasticity aluminum alloy double-layer composite board
CN108526638A (en) * 2018-04-16 2018-09-14 芜湖市泰能电热器具有限公司 A kind of application method of aluminium solder
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