CN101574034B - Spring festival peony culture method - Google Patents

Spring festival peony culture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101574034B
CN101574034B CN2009100646342A CN200910064634A CN101574034B CN 101574034 B CN101574034 B CN 101574034B CN 2009100646342 A CN2009100646342 A CN 2009100646342A CN 200910064634 A CN200910064634 A CN 200910064634A CN 101574034 B CN101574034 B CN 101574034B
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basin
root
peony
forcing
spring
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CN101574034A (en
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侯小改
史国安
马慧丽
薛娴
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Henan University of Science and Technology
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Henan University of Science and Technology
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Abstract

A peony forcing culture method at spring festival includes the steps of: potting in advance, using seradix to immerse or spray the root before potting, stumping in the middle and last 10 days of October, nurturing the root in a pot, applying base fertilizer when potting, watering well once after potting and not applying fertilizer during dormancy stage; pouring thin fertilizer liquid once after sprouting in the next spring and pouring the liquid once every 10-20 days later on; shading during hot summer; and entering a greenhouse 45-60 days before flowering in the Spring festival and managing according to the regular flower forcing method of peony. The method solves the problems that potted flower forcing peony has few new roots, poor nutrient absorption capability, small flowers and few leaves, 'bare leg' and the like, and the peony plant bred with the method has luxuriant foliage and spreading branches, large flowers and bright color and can be compared favorably with the spring peony flowering in a field in normal season.

Description

A kind of tree peony forcing culture method in the Spring Festival
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of plant cultivation method, particularly a kind of tree peony forcing culture method in the Spring Festival.
Background technology
Tree peony is traditional famous flower of China, liked by the compatriots and the people of the world.In recent years, tree peony flower forcing in Spring Festival production development was rapid, viewed and admired the fashion that tree peony becomes a kind of elegance gradually the Spring Festival, and the huge market demand, but still have many problems is if any Hua Wuye, the flower leaflet is few, pattern shoals, the florescence is short, ornamental value is low etc.Its main cause is: the tree peony bud is not disengaged dormancy or termination of diapause insufficient (Cheng Fangyun 2007) on the one hand; The ability that new on the other hand root is few, absorb nutrient, the kind blade growing way that particularly has is stronger, and is colored for nutrient supply that will be limited, and partial blade beaten, and more makes blade seem rare and lacks, and had a strong impact on appreciation effect (Zhang Changzheng, 2006).Therefore after tree peony was potted plant, at first beard and hair went out a large amount of new roots, could guarantee nutrient absorbing, and can grow a large amount of new roots have become the key that can peony plant normal growth be grown, be carried out successfully forcing culture.
Conventional tree peony forcing culture in the Spring Festival, because evening lifting time (generally in late November), root system are impaired serious, great majority plant blossom fashion do not have that new root produces or new root seldom, Nutrient Absorption is limited, nutrition in the flower forcing process mainly provides by the nutriment of storage in the body, this is one of major reason that influences into colored quality (Cheng Fangyun, 2006); Wang Zongzheng (1999) also proposes to urge earlier flower forcing behind the root, can solve the problem of nutrient absorption in the peony forcing culture preferably.Therefore, the problem of taking root of solution potted peony is to improve the key of flower forcing quality.
Summary of the invention
The present invention for solve stylish of tree peony flower forcing in the Spring Festival less, nutrient absorption difficulty, flower leaflet be few, problem such as " light leg ", a kind of tree peony forcing culture method in the Spring Festival is provided, can improve tree peony and become flower quality and quantity, reach the purpose of flourishing with flowers and leaves, elegant and poised ornamental value; Technical scheme of the present invention is: go up basin (mid-September-mid-October), 200-500mg/L indolebutyric acid in advance and soak root or spray root, late October and carry out stump, be placed on outdoorly, in basin, support root, apply base fertilizer during last basin, water behind the last basin 1 time permeable, resting stage does not apply fertilizer.Water once thin solution after the rudiment in spring in 1 year, watered in later 10-20 days and to execute once.In the torridity summer processing (shading 50%) of shading.Bloom apart from the Spring Festival and to enter the greenhouse in 45-60 days, according to the conventional flower-forcing method management of tree peony.
In the described method, the last basin time is mid-September-mid-October.
In the described method, soak root or spray root before the last basin, refer to soak root 2-8 hour or root sprays to dripping state 2-5 time with the 200-500mg/L indolebutyric acid.
In the described method, late October is carried out stump, does not allow plant blossom then, supports root in basin.
In the described method, at torridity summer to the potted peony processing (shading 50%) of shading.
In the described method, described tree peony is the living tree peony seedling of 4-5.
In the described method, this method suits in the Yellow River and Huai He River basin or is similar to the area use of the Yellow River and Huai He River basin weather, do not reach area or the time that breaking dormancy needs for other Yin Wendu is higher, before the flower forcing plant enters the greenhouse, also need to be with basin to go into freezer and carry out deepfreeze.
Embodiment
The present invention is in mid-September-mid-October, selects tree peony kind ' Luoyang the is red ' plant of life in 5 years, robust growth, anosis worm, and turn up is cleaned root system surface earth, carries out conventional root system surface sterilization; Soak with the 200-500mg/L indolebutyric acid and to go up basin after root 2-8 hour; Late October is carried out stump (promptly cutting off the overground part branch in the potting media surface), is placed on outdoorly, applies base fertilizer during last basin, waters once permeablely, and resting stage does not apply fertilizer.Water once thin solution after the rudiment in spring in 1 year, watered in later 10-20 days and to execute once, weather suitably shade when hot (shading 50%).Blooming apart from the Spring Festival entered the greenhouse in 45-60 days, according to the conventional flower-forcing method management of tree peony.The flower forcing peony that logical the method is cultivated reached spend big, look gorgeous, leaf flower eurythmy can compare favourably with the tree peony that normal season in spring blooms in the land for growing field crops.

Claims (2)

1. tree peony forcing culture method in the Spring Festival, it comprises that going up basin, indolebutyric acid in advance soaks root or spray root, goes up and support root, torridity summer shade processing, hot-house culture in stump behind the basin, the basin; Be specially: with the living tree peony seedling of 4-5, basin on mid-September-mid-October soaked root 2-8 hour with the 200-500mg/L indolebutyric acid before the last basin or root sprays to dripping state 2-5 time; Late October is carried out stump, supports root in basin; Water once thin solution after the rudiment in spring in 1 year, watered in later 10-20 days and to execute once; In the torridity summer processing of shading, shading 50%; Bloom apart from the Spring Festival and to enter the greenhouse in 45-60 days, according to the conventional flower-forcing method management of tree peony.
2. require described a kind of tree peony forcing culture method in the Spring Festival according to right 1, it is characterized in that: described method in the Yellow River and Huai He River basin or the area that is similar to the Yellow River and Huai He River basin weather use, do not reach area or the time that breaking dormancy needs for other Yin Wendu is higher, before the flower forcing plant enters the greenhouse, also need to be with basin to go into freezer and carry out deepfreeze.
CN2009100646342A 2009-04-14 2009-04-14 Spring festival peony culture method Active CN101574034B (en)

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Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102132660B (en) * 2010-12-25 2012-02-22 河南科技大学 Method for refrigeration for retarding tree peony
CN103026909B (en) * 2012-12-24 2014-03-26 中国农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 Accelerating culture method of flowering of potted tree peony in New Year's Day
CN103053398B (en) * 2013-01-14 2015-06-24 河南科技大学 Peony retarding culturing method
CN103238455A (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-08-14 常熟市佳盛农业科技发展有限公司 Flowering time adjustment and control method for enabling peony to blossom in winter
CN103733842A (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-04-23 铜陵创新农业科技有限公司 Method for manufacturing peony cultivation container by utilizing original ecological material
CN105248155B (en) * 2015-11-18 2018-09-28 周效文 A kind of breeding method of colorful tree peony
CN109937862A (en) * 2019-04-09 2019-06-28 信阳农林学院 A kind of tree peony is without turf ecotype soilless pot culture cultural method

Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1079188C (en) * 1997-02-05 2002-02-20 郑州天香牡丹园艺开发有限公司 Fast peony breed improving technology
CN1768576A (en) * 2004-11-03 2006-05-10 中国科学院上海生命科学研究院 Peony standardized quick-breeding method
CN1299563C (en) * 2004-07-20 2007-02-14 北京林业大学 Pot culture technology for peony dwarfing

Patent Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1079188C (en) * 1997-02-05 2002-02-20 郑州天香牡丹园艺开发有限公司 Fast peony breed improving technology
CN1299563C (en) * 2004-07-20 2007-02-14 北京林业大学 Pot culture technology for peony dwarfing
CN1768576A (en) * 2004-11-03 2006-05-10 中国科学院上海生命科学研究院 Peony standardized quick-breeding method

Non-Patent Citations (3)

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张忠河.菏泽牡丹的品种优选和培育技术研究.《中国优秀硕士学位论文全文数据库农业科技辑》.2008,(第4期), *
惠晓萍等.冷藏处理延迟牡丹开花初探.《上海交通大学学报(农业科学版)》.2009,第27卷(第01期), *
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Application publication date: 20091111

Assignee: Luoyang Tiansheng pot peony gardening Co., Ltd

Assignor: Henan University of Science and Technology

Contract record no.: X2019980000488

Denomination of invention: Spring festival peony culture method

Granted publication date: 20110914

License type: Common License

Record date: 20191104

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