CN101571348A - Large-tonnage aluminum alloy concentration melting furnace - Google Patents

Large-tonnage aluminum alloy concentration melting furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101571348A
CN101571348A CNA2008100368126A CN200810036812A CN101571348A CN 101571348 A CN101571348 A CN 101571348A CN A2008100368126 A CNA2008100368126 A CN A2008100368126A CN 200810036812 A CN200810036812 A CN 200810036812A CN 101571348 A CN101571348 A CN 101571348A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
aluminum alloy
calciner
melting chamber
concentrated
chamber
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Pending
Application number
CNA2008100368126A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨希放
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHOEI INDUSTRIAL HEATING EQUIPMENT (SHANGHAI) Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SHOEI INDUSTRIAL HEATING EQUIPMENT (SHANGHAI) Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHOEI INDUSTRIAL HEATING EQUIPMENT (SHANGHAI) Co Ltd filed Critical SHOEI INDUSTRIAL HEATING EQUIPMENT (SHANGHAI) Co Ltd
Priority to CNA2008100368126A priority Critical patent/CN101571348A/en
Publication of CN101571348A publication Critical patent/CN101571348A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a large-tonnage aluminum alloy concentration melting furnace which comprises a furnace body, a furnace body bottom frame, a holding chamber, a melting chamber, a charging tower over the melting chamber, a row of melting burners at the left side wall and the right side wall of the melting chamber, and an inclined bottom surface of the melting chamber, wherein the holding chamber and the melting chamber are arranged above the furnace body bottom frame. The large-tonnage aluminum alloy concentration melting furnace is characterized in that the center of the inclined bottom surface of the melting chamber forms an arc protrusion; both sides near the burners of the inclined bottom surface of the melting chamber are respectively provided with grooves; and the melting chamber is provided with three furnace doors. The invention provides an effective, energy-saving and environmentally-friendly aluminum alloy industrial melting furnace and has the advantages of large melting capability, high work efficiency, reduced air displacement, improved thermal efficiency, reduced energy consumption and long service life.

Description

A kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy is concentrated calciner
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of metal melting furnace, particularly a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy is concentrated calciner.
Background technology
It is to be most important equipment in the aluminium alloy industry that aluminium alloy is concentrated calciner, and the solid-state aluminium ingot of bulk need be concentrated in the calciner at aluminium alloy and be molten into molten condition, and then carries out next step processing.Aluminium alloy of the prior art is concentrated calciner, because the restriction of aspects such as rate of feeding, heat time heating time and the efficiency of heating surface, per hour can only refining quality is the aluminium ingot below 2 tons or 2 tons.Calculate according to existing rate of feeding, if per hour inventory is above 2 tons, even reach 5 tons words, the time that the bell of calciner is opened will prolong, the heat of body of heater inside runs off and will strengthen, the effective time of fusion burner will reduce in unit interval simultaneously, and that can't finish fusion work in the unit interval, and aluminium alloy concentrates the injected volume of calciner unit interval therefore to be restricted.And change in order to achieve the goal by force, as improving burner rating, strengthen the feeding tower size, changing control program etc., will produce problems such as production safety, manufacturing cost, the thermal efficiency.In general, aluminium alloy of the prior art is concentrated calciner, and the equipment rate of feeding is slow, and thermal losses is big, and production efficiency is low, and service life is limited.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy and concentrate calciner, problem such as it is slow effectively to solve the rate of feeding that the aluminium alloy of prior art concentrates calciner to exist, and thermal losses is big, and production efficiency is low, and service life is limited.The present invention relates to a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy and concentrate calciner, comprise the feeding tower directly over the holding chamber of body of heater, body of heater underframe, body of heater underframe top and melting chamber, the melting chamber, one row's fusion burner of melting chamber left side wall and right side wall, the ramped bottom surface of melting chamber, it is characterized in that: the central authorities of the ramped bottom surface of described melting chamber are arcuate apophyses, and the ramped bottom surface of described melting chamber respectively is provided with a groove near the both sides of burner.Described melting chamber is provided with three fire doors.The fire door of described melting chamber is respectively left fire door, middle fire door, right fire door.Described left fire door is corresponding with the groove of ramped bottom surface both sides respectively with right fire door.Fire door is corresponding with arcuate apophyses in described.Respectively there is a quick charging device described body of heater both sides.The ramped bottom surface of described melting chamber and the angle of horizontal plane are 15 degree angles.Described feeding tower top is provided with the melting chamber exhaust opening.The top of described feeding tower is provided with the melting chamber bell.The other bell that is provided with of described melting chamber bell promotes cylinder, and the melting chamber bell promotes cylinder with bell and is connected, and the melting chamber bell is identical with the level height that bell promotes cylinder.The sidewall of described feeding tower is provided with full material photoelectric tube.The top of described holding chamber is provided with holding chamber burner, holding chamber bell, holding chamber exhaust opening.Described holding chamber is provided with liquid outlet near the sidewall of bottom.Be fixed with automatic liquid discharging mechanism on the sidewall outside the described holding chamber, automatic liquid discharging mechanism is connected with the liquid outlet of holding chamber.The every row of described fusion burner has three.The invention has the advantages that: the present invention is a kind of aluminium alloy industry calciner of efficient, energy-saving and environmental protection, and melting ability is big, high efficiency, capacity reduce, the thermal efficiency improves, energy consumption reduces, long service life.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is an overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention,
Accompanying drawing 2 is the longitudinal sectional view of main part of the present invention,
Accompanying drawing 3 is the transverse sectional view of main part of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Comprise body of heater 1 and body of heater underframe 2 among the figure, body of heater 1 inside comprises the feeding tower 5 directly over holding chamber 3, melting chamber 4 and the melting chamber 4 of body of heater underframe 2 tops, melting chamber 4 left side walls and right side wall respectively are provided with row's fusion burner 6, and described fusion burner 6 every rows have three.
The top of described feeding tower 5 is provided with melting chamber bell 7, and the described melting chamber bell 7 other bells that are provided with promote cylinder 8, and melting chamber bell 7 promotes cylinder 8 with bell and is connected, and melting chamber bell 7 is identical with the level height that bell promotes cylinder 8.
During operate as normal of the present invention, bell promotes cylinder 8 and opens melting chamber bell 7, and described body of heater 1 is other to be provided with a quick charging device, and the feeding tower 5 of charging device directly over melting chamber 4 drops into aluminium ingots fast.The ramped bottom surface middle body of melting chamber 4 also is the inner drop point that drops into aluminium ingot of the present invention under the melting chamber bell 7 of feeding tower 5.The aluminium ingot of being thrown in all will fall from melting chamber bell 7, fall the central authorities of melting chamber 4 ramped bottom surface, can produce very big impulsive force if the aluminium ingot of disposable input hundreds of kilogram weight, aluminium ingot fall from eminence, ramped bottom surface central portion branch is produced certain mechanical wounding.The central authorities of the ramped bottom surface of melting chamber 4 are arcuate apophyses 9, and arcuate apophyses 9 inside are solid material, and arcuate apophyses 9 has been strengthened the thickness of ramped bottom surface middle body, has strengthened the mechanical strength of ramped bottom surface, has prolonged service life of the present invention.
After aluminium ingot installed, melting chamber 4 left side walls of body of heater and right side wall respectively were provided with a row fusion burner 5, and fusion burner 5 is heated to fusing with aluminium ingot, and makes the aluminium liquid of molten condition flow to holding chamber 3.
The ramped bottom surface of described melting chamber 4 respectively is provided with a groove 10 near the both sides of fusion burner 6, the central authorities of the ramped bottom surface of described melting chamber 4 are arcuate apophyses 9, the middle body of ramped bottom surface is higher, and both sides are lower, is convenient to aluminium liquid and flows into holding chamber 3 from two grooves 10.Described melting chamber 4 is adjacent with holding chamber 3, the ramped bottom surface of described melting chamber 4 and the angle of horizontal plane are 15 degree angles, greater than 10 degree angles of the prior art, even threw in nearly five tons of aluminium ingots in one hour, also can be so that aluminium ingot fusing and flow into holding chamber 3 fast.
Melting chamber 4 of the present invention is provided with three fire doors, and the fire door of described melting chamber 4 is respectively left fire door 11, middle fire door 12, right fire door 13.Fire door 12 is corresponding with arcuate apophyses 9 in described, and described left fire door 11 is corresponding with the groove 10 of ramped bottom surface both sides respectively with right fire door 13.After aluminium ingot fell in the melting chamber 4, the part aluminium ingot of the fusion burner 6 of close the right and left is fusing earlier, and flow into melting chamber 4 along groove 10.Three fire doors make things convenient for the staff to work, and under the general situation, left fire door 11 is more with right fire door 13 relative uses, and middle fire door 12 many places are discharged the loss that causes in closed state to reduce heat.
Described feeding tower 5 tops are provided with melting chamber exhaust opening 14, and the top of described holding chamber 3 is provided with holding chamber exhaust opening 15, contains a certain amount of impurity in the aluminium ingot, can discharge from melting chamber exhaust opening 14 after burning.
The top of described holding chamber 3 is provided with holding chamber burner 15, can guarantee the temperature of holding chamber 3, make liquid aluminium in flowing into holding chamber 3 after, can also keep original liquid state, and can not solidify.Described holding chamber 3 is provided with liquid outlet 16 near the sidewall of bottom, be fixed with automatic liquid discharging mechanism 17 and manual fluid mechanism 21 on the sidewall outside the described holding chamber 3, automatic liquid discharging mechanism 17 is connected with the liquid outlet 16 of holding chamber 3, manually fluid mechanism 21 is connected with the liquid outlet 16 of holding chamber 3, liquid flows out from automatic liquid discharging mechanism 17, in subcontracting in flowing into.
The sidewall of described feeding tower 5 is provided with full material photoelectric tube 18, can monitor the amount of the aluminium ingot in the feeding tower 5.The top of described holding chamber 3 is provided with holding chamber bell 19, and the side is provided with holding chamber fire door 20, also is in order to clear up holding chamber 3 etc. after the operate as normal of the present invention.

Claims (18)

1. a large-tonnage aluminum alloy is concentrated calciner, comprise the feeding tower directly over the holding chamber of body of heater, body of heater underframe, body of heater underframe top and melting chamber, the melting chamber, one row's fusion burner of melting chamber left side wall and right side wall, the ramped bottom surface of melting chamber, it is characterized in that: the central authorities of the ramped bottom surface of described melting chamber are arcuate apophyses, and the ramped bottom surface of described melting chamber respectively is provided with a groove near the both sides of burner.
2. a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy as claimed in claim 1 is concentrated calciner, it is characterized in that: described melting chamber is provided with three fire doors.
3. a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is concentrated calciner, it is characterized in that: the fire door of described melting chamber is respectively left fire door, middle fire door, right fire door.
4. a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy as claimed in claim 3 is concentrated calciner, it is characterized in that: described left fire door is corresponding with the groove of ramped bottom surface both sides respectively with right fire door.
5. a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy as claimed in claim 3 is concentrated calciner, it is characterized in that: fire door is corresponding with arcuate apophyses in described.
6. a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy as claimed in claim 1 is concentrated calciner, it is characterized in that: respectively there is a quick charging device described body of heater both sides.
7. a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy as claimed in claim 1 is concentrated calciner, it is characterized in that: the ramped bottom surface of described melting chamber and the angle of horizontal plane are 15 degree angles.
8. a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy as claimed in claim 1 is concentrated calciner, it is characterized in that: described feeding tower top is provided with the melting chamber exhaust opening.
9. a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy as claimed in claim 1 is concentrated calciner, and it is characterized in that: the top of described feeding tower is provided with the melting chamber bell.
10. a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy as claimed in claim 1 is concentrated calciner, it is characterized in that: the other bell that is provided with of described melting chamber bell promotes cylinder, the melting chamber bell promotes cylinder with bell and is connected, and the melting chamber bell is identical with the level height that bell promotes cylinder.
11. a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy as claimed in claim 1 is concentrated calciner, it is characterized in that: the sidewall of described feeding tower is provided with full material photoelectric tube.
12. a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy as claimed in claim 1 is concentrated calciner, it is characterized in that: the top of described holding chamber is provided with the holding chamber burner.
13. a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy as claimed in claim 1 is concentrated calciner, it is characterized in that: the top of described holding chamber is provided with the holding chamber bell.
14. a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy as claimed in claim 1 is concentrated calciner, it is characterized in that: the top of described holding chamber is provided with the holding chamber exhaust opening.
15. a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy as claimed in claim 1 is concentrated calciner, it is characterized in that: described holding chamber is provided with liquid outlet near the sidewall of bottom.
16. a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy as claimed in claim 1 is concentrated calciner, it is characterized in that: be fixed with automatic liquid discharging mechanism on the sidewall outside the described holding chamber, automatic liquid discharging mechanism is connected with the liquid outlet of holding chamber.
17. a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy as claimed in claim 1 is concentrated calciner, it is characterized in that: the fusion burner on the left side wall of described melting chamber has three.
18. a kind of large-tonnage aluminum alloy as claimed in claim 1 is concentrated calciner, it is characterized in that: the fusion burner on the right side wall of described melting chamber has three.
CNA2008100368126A 2008-04-29 2008-04-29 Large-tonnage aluminum alloy concentration melting furnace Pending CN101571348A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008100368126A CN101571348A (en) 2008-04-29 2008-04-29 Large-tonnage aluminum alloy concentration melting furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008100368126A CN101571348A (en) 2008-04-29 2008-04-29 Large-tonnage aluminum alloy concentration melting furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101571348A true CN101571348A (en) 2009-11-04

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104165519A (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-11-26 江阴迪新金属工业有限公司 Aluminum scrap feeding smelting device
CN104165520A (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-11-26 江阴迪新金属工业有限公司 Aluminum scrap smelting furnace

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104165519A (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-11-26 江阴迪新金属工业有限公司 Aluminum scrap feeding smelting device
CN104165520A (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-11-26 江阴迪新金属工业有限公司 Aluminum scrap smelting furnace
CN104165520B (en) * 2014-08-01 2015-11-18 江阴迪新金属工业有限公司 Waste aluminum smelting furnace

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Application publication date: 20091104

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