CN101565933B - Hand-pushed self-adapting deicing snow sweeper - Google Patents

Hand-pushed self-adapting deicing snow sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101565933B
CN101565933B CN2009100117419A CN200910011741A CN101565933B CN 101565933 B CN101565933 B CN 101565933B CN 2009100117419 A CN2009100117419 A CN 2009100117419A CN 200910011741 A CN200910011741 A CN 200910011741A CN 101565933 B CN101565933 B CN 101565933B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
spiral
snow
regulating
links
chassis
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009100117419A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101565933A (en
Inventor
吴承熹
王鑫欢
何雪浤
杨鹏
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Northeastern University China
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Northeastern University China
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Priority to CN2009100117419A priority Critical patent/CN101565933B/en
Publication of CN101565933A publication Critical patent/CN101565933A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101565933B publication Critical patent/CN101565933B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention relates to a hand-pushed self-adapting deicing snow sweeper, and belongs to the technical field of deicing machinery. The snow sweeper comprises a vehicle frame, an electric motor, a decelerator, a front wheel, a universal back wheel and a battery rack; a chassis of the vehicle frame is provided with a handle, the electric motor, the battery rack and the decelerator; a support arm ofthe vehicle frame is connected with a spiral snow pusher, the back side of the spiral snow pusher is provided with a snow removing push plate, the front end of the spiral snow pusher is provided with an ice breaking device which is connected with the chassis, and the electric motor is connected with the decelerator which is connected with the spiral snow pusher and the ice breaking device respect ively; the ice breaking device comprises a cutter drum which consists of cutter grooves and a cylinder, the cutter grooves are spirally arranged on the cylinder, and the cutter grooves are provided with a blade respectively; and the spiral snow pusher comprises a spiral push rod and a shaft, and the spiral push rod is sleeved on the shaft and has the shape of a spiral blade. The snow sweeper has the advantages of simple structure, small volume, convenient operation, strong deicing power and high snow sweeping efficiency, and is suitable for different road surface environments to finish the snow sweeping task of community streets and courtyards.

Description

Hand-pushed self-adapting deicing snow sweeper
Technical field
The invention belongs to the deicing field of mechanical technique, design a kind of hand-pushed self-adapting deicing snow sweeper especially, be applicable to urban road and deicing, the snow removing of sub-district street garden in winter.
Background technology
At present, run into ice and snow weather, big street can be used than relatively large snow scraper and be handled, but community courtyard or ground freeze and just are difficult to solve, at present still based on the labor cleaning, effort, efficient are extremely low, and it is especially serious to run into problem icy on road, the development of associated mechanical is comparatively backward, and this problem is demanded us urgently and gone to solve.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the situation of small community deicing in the winter difficulty that prior art exists, specially propose a kind of helical blade and sweep trash ice and accumulated snow and the clean small-sized snow-removal machine that opens ice is cleaned on ground.
Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that a kind of hand-pushed self-adapting deicing snow sweeper, comprise vehicle frame, motor, reductor, front-wheel, universal trailing wheel and battery carrier, the chassis of vehicle frame is provided with handgrip, motor, battery carrier and reductor, the support arm of vehicle frame is connected with spiral snow pushing device, the rear side of spiral snow pushing device is provided with the snow removing push pedal, the front end of spiral snow pushing device is provided with icebreaking device, icebreaking device links to each other with the chassis, motor links to each other with reductor, and reductor links to each other with icebreaking device with spiral snow pushing device respectively again.Motor is given reductor by belt drive system with transmission of power, and reductor is given spiral snow pushing device and icebreaking device with transmission of power respectively again.Icebreaking device comprises cutter drum, and the cutter drum is made up of cutter groove and cylinder, and the cutter groove is arranged on the cylinder by shape in the shape of a spiral, on each cutter groove blade is housed respectively; Spiral snow pushing device comprises spiral handspike and axle, and spiral handspike is enclosed within on the axle, and spiral handspike is foliaceous in the shape of a spiral.
Described handgrip comprises handrail, fixed head, vexed cover, roating sphere, adjusting stock and regulating part, fixed head is fixed on the frame chassis, be connected with vexed cover on the fixed head, in the vexed cover roating sphere is housed, roating sphere links to each other with adjusting stock one end, regulates stock and is provided with a regulating part with threaded hole, screwed hole on the regulating part and the threaded engagement of regulating on the stock, be connected with fixed pin shaft on the regulating part, fixed pin shaft is connected on the handrail.The other end of regulating stock is provided with rotary handle, and turning handle is because spiral cooperates, and but regulating part cooperates rotation do not move up and down, and the variation of helix length occurs in to be regulated on the stock; The rotation of regulating stock drives roating sphere and rotates in vexed cover, the variation of helix length makes regulates that stock and roating sphere are another rotates in overregulating vertical of stock axis with being fulcrum with roating sphere and vexed cover contact point, thereby realize that handrail with the rotation in the one side, satisfies differing heights user's requirement.
Front-wheel is connected with frame chassis by jacking system, jacking system comprises pedal, cam, turning cylinder and support plate, support plate is connected with frame chassis, is placed with a cam under the support plate, and cam links to each other with pedal by turning cylinder, rotate pedal, cam also turns over a face, drives support plate certain angle of also overturning simultaneously, because support plate is installed on the chassis, so the chassis also and then one changes, realized cutter drum and spiral handspike break away from ground when not working purpose like this.
In the described battery carrier battery is housed, is separated with insulation layer between battery carrier and the battery, can prevent low temperature frostbite battery.
Described blade has four work orientation, if one of them orientation is blunt, available other one side is carried out and opened ice, and blade has a work edge and three standby blades, helps shredding ice sheet.
Described icebreaking device links to each other with spring damper one end by connecting rod, the other end of spring damper is connected with frame chassis, icebreaking device under spring damper can make in working order and ground level self adaptation, simultaneously also shock energy can be absorbed and discharge, and icebreaking device can be supported.
The rear side of described spiral snow pushing device is provided with a snow removing push pedal, drives snow and rotate when spiral snow pushing device is worked, and uses the snow removing push pedal can remove accumulated snow.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: this machine is simple in structure, and volume is little, and is easy to operate, the deicing powerful, and the efficient of sweeping away snow height adapts to different road environments, is fit to finish the task of sweeping away snow of removing of northern China urban community street and garden.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure vertical view of an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structure upward view of an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the southwestern axonometric drawing of an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the northeast axonometric drawing of an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 unloads the spiral of being seen after the ice-cutter drum system of sweeping away snow among Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the cutter drum among Fig. 4;
Fig. 7 is the cutter drum sectional drawing among Fig. 4;
Fig. 8 (a) is a spiral handspike work schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 (b) is the lateral view of Fig. 8 (a);
Fig. 9 is a spiral snow flanger assembling drawing;
Figure 10 (a) is a front-wheel position adjustments schematic diagram;
Figure 10 (b) is the axonometric drawing of front-wheel;
Figure 11 (a) is that handrail rotates schematic diagram;
Figure 11 (b) is the axonometric drawing of handrail;
Among the figure: 1 handgrip, 2 reductors, 3 chassis, 4 belt drive systems, 5 spring dampers, 6 motors, 7 jacking systems, 8 battery carriers, 9 snow removing push pedals, 10 spiral snow pushing devices, 11 icebreaking devices, 12 universal trailing wheels, 13 front-wheels, 14 snow-pusher chain drive systems, 15 icebreaking device chain drive systems, 16 cutter shafts, 17 felts, 18 stifles, 19 welding enclosures, 20 bolts, 21 spring washers, 22 cuttves drum, 23 clamping rings, 24 sprocket wheels, 25 round nuts, 26 locked spacers, 27 pins, 28 bearings, 29 bearing pins, 30 straight pins, 31,32 connecting keys, 33 flat head screws, 34 pedals, 35 support plates, 36 cams, 37 fixed heads, 38 vexed covers, 39 roating spheres, 40 regulate stock, 41 regulating parts, 42 turning cylinders, 43 handrails, 44 fixed pin shafts, the carriage direction of A material, B represents the direction that material goes out, the direction that the C material advances, the direction of rotation of W spiral snow pushing device.
The specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Example 1: shown in Fig. 1,2,3,4, hand-pushed self-adapting deicing snow sweeper, comprise vehicle frame, motor 6, reductor 2, front-wheel 13, universal trailing wheel 12 and battery carrier 8, the chassis 3 of vehicle frame is provided with handgrip 1, the support arm of vehicle frame is connected with spiral snow pushing device 10, and perhaps vehicle frame links to each other with spiral snow pushing device by connecting rod.Be provided with four wheels below the vehicle frame, comprise two front-wheels and two universal trailing wheels.The front end of spiral snow pushing device 10 is provided with icebreaking device 11, and the rear side of spiral snow pushing device 10 is provided with a snow removing push pedal 9.Motor 6 is given reductor 2 by belt drive system 4 with transmission of power, by snow-pusher chain drive system 14 and icebreaking device chain drive system 15 power is passed to icebreaking device 11 and spiral snow pushing device 10 respectively again.Icebreaking device 11 is (as Fig. 6,7) comprise cutter drum 22, cutter drum 22 is to be connected on the cylinder by the cutter slot welding, the cutter groove is according to certain helical pitch, three helical arrangement of 120 ° of branches are on cylinder at interval, each cutter groove is installed a blade, and be screwed, blade is selected the alloy blade that can replace for use, each blade has four work orientation, one of them orientation is blunt, and available other one side is carried out the work of opening ice, and cutter drum 22 and welding enclosure 19 weld together, by bolt 20 and sprocket wheel 24, stifle 18, clamping ring 23 links to each other, utilize bearing 28 to be placed on the cutter shaft 16, during sprocket wheel 24 runnings, cutter shaft 16 is motionless, the action of opening ice is carried out in cutter drum 22 and miscellaneous part running, icebreaking device 11 links to each other with spring damper 5 one ends by connecting rod, and the other end of spring damper 5 is connected with frame chassis 3, icebreaking device 11 and ground level self adaptation under spring damper 5 can make in working order, simultaneously also shock energy can be absorbed and discharge, and icebreaking device 11 can be supported.Spiral snow pushing device 10 (as Fig. 5,8) comprises spiral handspike and axle 31, spiral handspike is enclosed within on the axle 31, and by connecting key 32 and flat head screw 33 common positioning and fixing, spiral handspike is a foliaceous in the shape of a spiral, and spiral handspike itself is by rotation direction, under the sprocket rotation of snow-pusher chain drive system 14, spiral handspike can be discharged from a side with natural accumulated snow with by the ice bits of cutter drum 22 choppings, as shown in FIG., spiral snow pushing device 10 turns clockwise, and the direction of long-pending snow and ice bits shown in A discharged.
As Figure 11 (a), (b) shown in, handgrip 1 comprises handrail 43, fixed head 37, vexed cover 38, roating sphere 39, regulate stock 40, fixed pin shaft 44 and regulating part 41, fixed head 37 is fixed on the frame chassis 3, be connected with vexed cover 38 on the fixed head 37, in the vexed cover 38 roating sphere 39 is housed, roating sphere 39 with regulate stock 40 and link to each other with interference fit, regulating stock 40 has the screw thread of certain-length, pass the screwed hole of regulating part 41, the fixed pin shaft 44 of packing on the regulating part 41, handrail 43 and regulating part 41 can rotate around fixed pin shaft 44, fixed pin shaft 44 is connected on the handrail 43, regulating stock 40 and regulating part 41 is threaded engagement, regulate stock 40 as long as turn, roating sphere 39 is and then rotated simultaneously, regulating part 41 changes rotatablely moving of adjusting rod 40 into regulating part 41 at the axial rectilinear motion of adjusting rod 40 under the drive of spiral, the plane of symmetry that makes regulating part 41 cross fixed pin shaft changes apart from meeting with the top of regulating stock 40, make and regulate stock 40 and roating sphere 39 and in overregulating vertical of stock 40 axial lines, rotate, thereby driving handrail 43 rotates, can regulate the height of handgrip like this, solid line and dotted line are represented the diverse location of handgrip 1 respectively among Figure 11 (a), can satisfy different height users' demand.
As Figure 10 (a); (b) shown in; front-wheel 13 is connected with frame chassis 3 by jacking system 7; jacking system 7 comprises pedal 34; cam 36; turning cylinder 42 and support plate 35; support plate 35 is connected with frame chassis 3; support plate is placed with a cam 36 for 35 times; cam 36 links to each other with pedal 34 by turning cylinder 42; rotate pedal 34; cam 36 also turns over a face; drive support plate 35 certain angle of also overturning simultaneously, because support plate 35 is installed on the chassis 3, so chassis 3 also and then one changes; realized that like this icebreaking device 11 and spiral snow pushing device 10 break away from the purpose on ground when not working, protect ground and cutter portion by scratch simultaneously.
The process that opens ice and remove the snow: promote dolly by manpower and advance, ice cube under the accumulated snow at first is placed on the icebreaking device 11 of machine front end and breaks up, chopping, form fragment, continuation is collected fragment by spiral snow pushing device 10, and spiral snow pushing device 10 is when horizontal positioned, and time rotational can be another position that is pushed to of fragment level, the forward direction right side pushes (rotation direction that also can change spiral snow pushing device 10 is pushed fragment to left side), and the road surface that cleans out certain width is passed through for the pedestrian.

Claims (5)

1. hand-pushed self-adapting deicing snow sweeper, comprise vehicle frame, motor, reductor, front-wheel, universal trailing wheel and battery carrier, the chassis of vehicle frame is provided with handgrip, motor, battery carrier and reductor, the support arm of vehicle frame is connected with spiral snow pushing device, the rear side of spiral snow pushing device is provided with the snow removing push pedal, and the front end of spiral snow pushing device is provided with icebreaking device, and icebreaking device links to each other with the chassis, motor links to each other with reductor, and reductor links to each other with icebreaking device with spiral snow pushing device respectively again; Icebreaking device comprises the cutter drum, and the cutter drum is made up of cutter groove and cylinder, and cutter groove shape in the shape of a spiral is arranged on the cylinder, on each cutter groove blade is housed respectively; Spiral snow pushing device comprises spiral handspike and axle, and spiral handspike is enclosed within on the axle, and spiral handspike is foliaceous in the shape of a spiral; It is characterized in that described handgrip comprises handrail, fixed head, vexed cover, roating sphere, adjusting stock, fixed pin shaft and regulating part, fixed head is fixed on the frame chassis, be connected with vexed cover on the fixed head, in the vexed cover roating sphere is housed, roating sphere links to each other with adjusting stock one end, regulate stock and be provided with a regulating part with threaded hole, screwed hole on the regulating part and the threaded engagement of regulating on the stock, be connected with fixed pin shaft on the regulating part, fixed pin shaft is connected on the handrail, and the other end of regulating stock is provided with rotary handle.
2. hand-pushed self-adapting deicing snow sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterized in that front-wheel links to each other with frame chassis by jacking system, jacking system comprises pedal, cam, turning cylinder and support plate, support plate is connected with frame chassis, be placed with a cam under the support plate, cam links to each other with pedal by turning cylinder.
3. hand-pushed self-adapting deicing snow sweeper according to claim 1 is characterized in that in the described battery carrier battery being housed, and is separated with insulation layer between battery carrier and the battery.
4. hand-pushed self-adapting deicing snow sweeper according to claim 1 is characterized in that described blade has a work edge and three standby blades.
5. hand-pushed self-adapting deicing snow sweeper according to claim 1 is characterized in that described icebreaking device links to each other with spring damper one end by connecting rod, and the other end of spring damper is connected with frame chassis.
CN2009100117419A 2009-05-27 2009-05-27 Hand-pushed self-adapting deicing snow sweeper Expired - Fee Related CN101565933B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100117419A CN101565933B (en) 2009-05-27 2009-05-27 Hand-pushed self-adapting deicing snow sweeper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100117419A CN101565933B (en) 2009-05-27 2009-05-27 Hand-pushed self-adapting deicing snow sweeper

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CN101565933A CN101565933A (en) 2009-10-28
CN101565933B true CN101565933B (en) 2011-05-11

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103088782B (en) * 2013-02-20 2014-11-19 宁波高新区科卉创意产品设计有限公司 Deicing device arranged in vehicle
CN107130556A (en) * 2017-07-05 2017-09-05 深圳市丹明科技有限公司 Deicing instrument, the instrument and deicing sled for removing body surface ice and snow
CN107237291A (en) * 2017-07-05 2017-10-10 深圳市丹明科技有限公司 Deicing instrument, the instrument and deicing sled for removing body surface ice and snow
WO2020071891A1 (en) * 2018-10-02 2020-04-09 Алина Игоревна Ким Working member of a machine for removing layers of snow and ice from road surfaces

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Granted publication date: 20110511

Termination date: 20120527