CN101556513B - Cursor guider, cursor guiding method and notebook PC - Google Patents

Cursor guider, cursor guiding method and notebook PC Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101556513B
CN101556513B CN 200810103852 CN200810103852A CN101556513B CN 101556513 B CN101556513 B CN 101556513B CN 200810103852 CN200810103852 CN 200810103852 CN 200810103852 A CN200810103852 A CN 200810103852A CN 101556513 B CN101556513 B CN 101556513B
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contact
cursor
position
module
resistance layer
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CN 200810103852
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101556513A (en
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刘湘涛
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联想(北京)有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a cursor guider comprising a sliding resilience module, a contact, a resistance layer, a resistance layer controller and a control module. The sliding resilience module is originally set at a predetermined position, moves within horizontal two-dimensional coordinate planes under the action of horizontal external force, automatically returns to the predetermined position after the withdrawal of external force, elastically deforms in a vertical direction under the action of external force and automatically rebounds to the original status after the withdrawal of the vertical external force; the contact is added on the sliding resilience module and moves in a horizontal direction or a vertical direction under the drive of the sliding resilience module; the resistance layer is arranged below the contact and forms a resistance network when being contacted with the contact which is pressed; the resistance layer controller is connected with the resistance layer; and thecontrol module is connected with the resistance layer controller. The invention also discloses a cursor guiding method and a notebook PC. The invention can integrate the functions of the prior equipment such as touch pads, pointsticks, and the like, and allows a user to operate with a plurality of fingers.

Description

光标导航装置及方法及笔记本计算机 Cursor navigation apparatus and method and the computer

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及计算机技术领域,特别涉及一种光标导航装置及方法及笔记本计算机。 [0001] The present invention relates to computer technologies, and particularly to a method and a cursor navigation device and a computer.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 以笔记本电脑为代表的便携式电子设备通常采用图形化交互界面(GUI),光标导航设备是图形化交互界面最为重要的输入控制设备。 [0002] to the laptop as the representative of portable electronic devices commonly used graphical interface (GUI), cursor navigation device is the most important input control device graphical interface.

[0003] 一种现有的光标导航设备是基于压力感应原理的指点杆(TrackPoint),其具有显著的缺点:例如用户要通过指点杆控制光标的移动,需要在该指点杆上施加一定的力才可以使光标移动,由于指点杆与手指的接触面积太小,且通常只允许用户用一个手指进行操作,容易疲劳。 [0003] A conventional navigation device is cursor based pointing stick pressure induction principle (the TrackPoint), which have significant drawbacks: for example, a mobile user through a pointing stick cursor control, is necessary to apply a certain force on the pointing stick you can move the cursor, since the contact area with the finger pointing stick is too small, and generally allows the user to operate with only one finger fatigue. 其次该指点杆设置在G、H、B三个按键中间,可以移动的范围有限;而且占用了键盘一定的空间,容易造成误操作。 Second, the pointing stick is provided in the middle of G, H, B three keys, the limited movable range; and the keyboard takes up some space, easily lead to misuse.

[0004] 另一种现有的光标导航设备是基于电容感应原理的触控板(TouchPad),其具有的显著的缺点:例如用户要通过触控板控制光标的移动,需要用户手指在该触控板上移动一定距离后,抬起手指再在该触摸板上移动一定的距离,这样的反复几次才可以将光标移到位置。 [0004] Another conventional cursor navigation device is based on the principle of capacitive sensing touch panel (the TouchPad), which have significant drawbacks: for example a user to control movement of the cursor through the touch panel, the user needs to touch the finger control board after a certain distance, and then lift the finger moves a certain distance on the touch panel, such as may be repeated several times until the cursor position. 在触控板上的操作都是用户的手指反复的移动,用户容易疲劳,同时达不到在指点杆上不用移动手指只要施加一定的力量就可以控制光标的手感。 The operations are repeated in the mobile user's finger on the touchpad, user fatigue, at the same time reach without moving the finger on the pointing stick as long as a certain force is applied to handle the cursor can be controlled.

[0005] 现有的解决办法是在同一款笔记本电脑上同时安装指点杆和触控板两种输入设备,以达到用户的需求,但是两个设备占用相当大的空间,在笔记本电脑追求小巧轻薄的趋势下是完全不被用户和生产制造厂商所接受的。 [0005] The solution is available on a laptop with a pointing stick and touchpad install two kinds of input devices to meet the needs of users, but considerable space occupied by two devices, in pursuit of small, thin laptop the trend is completely under the user and will not be accepted by the manufacturing company.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明的目的是针对上述现有技术存在的问题,提供一种新型图形化交互界面光标控制设备及方法及笔记本计算机,允许用户用多个手指进行操作,这样可以增加操作的舒适感,并且操作方便。 [0006] The object of the present invention is directed to problems occurring in the prior art, provide comfort to a novel graphical interface and a cursor control device and method for the computer, it allows the user to operate with a plurality of fingers, which can increase operating , and easy to operate.

[0007] 根据本发明的一个方面,提供了一种光标导航装置,包括:滑动回弹模块,所述滑动回弹模块初始设于一预定位置,在水平外力的作用下在二维坐标平面内运动,并在水平外力撤离之后自动回到该预定位置,在垂直外力的作用下在垂直方向发生弹性变形,并在垂直外力撤离之后自动回弹到初始状态;触头,附设在所述滑动回弹模块下方,在所述滑动回弹模块的带动下在水平方向和/或垂直方向移动;电阻层,设置在所述触头下方,在触头的触压下构成电阻网络,并输出电压值;电阻层控制器,与所述电阻层相连接,用于测量电阻层输出的电压值,并对其进行处理以得到触头所在的位置坐标值;以及控制模块,与所述电阻层控制器相连接,用于根据触头坐标值确定相应的功能信号。 [0007] In accordance with one aspect of the invention, there is provided a cursor navigation device, comprising: a resilient slide block, the slide module is resilient provided at a predetermined initial position, in a two-dimensional coordinate plane under the action of an external force level motion, and automatically returns after the evacuation of the predetermined horizontal external position, elastically deformed under the action of a vertical external force in the vertical direction and automatically spring back to the initial state after withdrawal of a vertical external force; contacts, attached to the back sliding below the elastic module, the sliding movement of the driven rebound module in horizontal and / or vertical direction; a resistance layer provided below the contacts, the contact pressure of the contact resistance network configuration, and output voltage values ; resistance layer controller connected to the resistive layer, the resistive layer for measuring the voltage value outputted, and treated to obtain the contact position coordinate value is located; and a control module, and the resistive layer controller It is connected, for determining the value of a corresponding function according to the signal contacts coordinates.

[0008] 优选地,上述技术方案中,所述滑动回弹模块包括滑片及其回弹机构,在手指所施加的一定水平作用力下滑片在二维坐标平面内自由运动,当手指的水平外力撤离之后,回弹机构可以使滑片自动回到二维坐标平面的预定位置。 [0008] Preferably, the above technical solution, the module comprises a sliding vane and rebound resilience means, a certain level of force applied to the finger pieces fell freely movable in the two-dimensional coordinate plane, when the level of the finger after the withdrawal of the external force, resilient means can automatically return to the predetermined position of the slide the two-dimensional coordinate plane. [0009] 优选地,上述技术方案中,所述滑动回弹模块在垂直方向上受力后发生变形,带动触头上下运动,使触头与电阻层接触或分离。 [0009] Preferably, the above technical solution, the resilient deformation of the slide module occurs in the vertical direction force to drive the vertical movement of the contacts, the contacts and the resistive layer in contact or separated.

[0010] 优选地,上述技术方案中,所述电阻层包括两个阻性层,这两个阻性层之间用一种弹性材料隔开,当触头触压电阻层时,阻性层的顶层与底层之间会在触压点处产生接触,形成一个电阻网络。 [0010] Preferably, the above technical solution, the resistive resistive layer comprises two layers, between the two resistive layers separated by an elastic material, contact pressure when the contact resistance layer, barrier layer generates contact pressure at the contact point between the top and bottom layers, forming a resistor network.

[0011] 优选地,上述技术方案中,所述电阻层控制器还用于控制对所述电阻层的两个阻性层所施加的参考电压的分时切换,以根据分压原理得到触压点处的坐标值。 [0011] Preferably, the above-described aspect, the controller further resistance layer for controlling the switching of the reference voltage sharing the resistive layer two resistive layers are applied to obtain a partial pressure of touch and pressure in accordance with the principles coordinate value at the point.

[0012] 优选地,上述技术方案中,所述控制模块包括:信息处理模块,用于对所述位置坐标值进行处理,确定对应的光标移动信号和按键信号;以及信息输出模块,用于将来自所述信息分析模块的信号以一定的格式输出给PC机。 [0012] Preferably, the above-described aspect, the control module comprising: an information processing module for processing said position coordinate value, and determines that the cursor movement signal corresponding to the key signal; and an information output module configured to signal from the information analyzing means at a constant output format to the PC.

[0013] 优选地,上述技术方案中,所述信息分析模块是微处理器。 [0013] Preferably, the above technical solution, the information analysis module is a microprocessor.

[0014] 根据本发明的另一方面,提供了一种光标导航方法,包括:根据触压电阻层所形成的电阻网络获得第一触压点的第一位置坐标值以及第二触压点的第二位置坐标值;根据所述第一位置坐标获得触头在电阻层上的第一区域信息;根据所述第二位置坐标获得触头在电阻层上的第二区域信息;判断所述第一区域信息与所述第二区域信息是否相同,产生一判断结果;比较所述第一位置坐标值与所述第二位置坐标值,产生一比较结果;以及根据所述判断结果和所述比较结果确定相应的功能信号。 [0014] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a cursor navigation method, comprising: obtaining a first contact position coordinate value of a first point and a second pressure contact pressure contact pressure point resistor network according to the formed resistance layer a second position coordinate value; obtaining a first contact on the resistive layer area information based on the first coordinate position; obtaining a second contact region of the resistive layer according to the second location coordinates information; determining the second a second area information and the area information is the same, generating a judgment result; comparing the first position and the second position coordinate value of coordinate values, to produce a comparison result; and the results of the comparison based on the determination and result of the determination signal corresponding function.

[0015] 优选地,上述技术方案中,所述根据触压电阻层所形成的电阻网络获得第一触压点的第一位置坐标值以及第二触压点的第二位置坐标值的步骤具体包括:向电阻层被触压所形成的电阻网络施加电压,测量第一触压点处的第一电压值和第二触压点处的第二电压值;以及对所述第一电压值和第二电压值进行处理以获得第一触压点处的第一位置坐标值和第二触压点处的第二位置坐标值。 Step [0015] Preferably, the above technical solution, the obtaining of the first contact pads of the contact pressure resistance according to the resistance network formed by a first layer and a second coordinate value of the position coordinates of a position of the second contact pads of the specific comprising: a resistance layer is applied to the resistor network formed by the contact pressure voltage, measuring a second voltage value at the first voltage value at a first contact pads and second contact pads; and a first voltage value and the the second voltage values ​​are processed to obtain a second coordinate value at the first position a first contact position coordinate values ​​at the pressure point and the second contact pads.

[0016] 优选地,上述技术方案中,根据所述第一位置坐标值获得触头在电阻层上的第一区域信息的步骤包括:根据所述第一位置坐标获得第一区域信息,所述第一区域信息指示触头处于预先划分的所述电阻层表面的慢速运动区域、中速运动区域或快速运动区域;以及根据所述第二位置坐标值获得触头在电阻层上的第二区域信息,所述第二区域信息指示触头处于预先划分的所述电阻层表面的慢速运动区域、中速运动区域或快速运动区域。 Step [0016] Preferably, the above-described aspect, the first contact area information obtained on the resistive layer based on the first position coordinate value comprises: obtaining a first information according to the first region coordinate position, the the first area information indicating the area of ​​contact is in the slow movement of the surface of the resistance layer is classified in advance, medium or fast motion region motion area; and obtaining a second contact on the second resistance layer according to the position coordinate values area information, the area information indicating the second contact is in slow moving areas of the surface of the resistance layer is classified in advance, medium or fast motion region motion area.

[0017] 优选地,上述技术方案中,判断所述第一区域信息与所述第二区域信息是否相同并产生判断结果的步骤包括:根据所述第一区域信息和所述第二区域信息判定触头是否处于同一运动区域,如果触头处于同一运动区域,则确定光标以同一加速度移动,如果触头处于不同运动区域,则确定光标在不同运动区域以不同加速度移动。 [0017] Preferably, the above technical solution, determining the first area information and the second area information is the same, and generates a judgment result comprises: determining based on the first information area and the second area information the contact area is in the same movement, if the movement of the contact in the same area, it is determined that the cursor is moved at the same acceleration, if the contacts are moving in different areas, it is determined that the cursor is moved to different accelerations different motion regions.

[0018] 优选地,上述技术方案中,比较所述第一位置坐标值与所述第二位置坐标值以产生比较结果的步骤包括:根据所述第一位置坐标值与所述第二位置坐标值确定触头在第一触点与第二触点之间的运动方向,从而确定光标的移动方向。 Step [0018] Preferably, the above technical solution, comparing the first position and the second position coordinate value of coordinate values ​​to produce a comparison result comprises: The coordinates of the first position and the second position coordinate value value determining the direction of movement between the first contacts and second contacts, thereby determining the movement direction of the cursor.

[0019] 优选地,上述技术方案中,根据所述判断结果和所述比较结果确定相应的功能信号的步骤包括:根据所述加速度和移动方向确定针对光标的相应的功能信号。 [0019] Preferably, the above technical solution, the result and the comparison result of the determination signal in accordance with a function corresponding to the determination step comprises: determining a corresponding function according to the signal for the acceleration and a cursor moving direction.

[0020] 优选地,上述技术方案中,根据所述判断结果和所述比较结果确定相应的功能信号的步骤还包括:根据比较结果确定触头是否在预先划分的所述电阻层表面的慢速运动区域内运动,并根据触头在特定区域与特定时间间隔内的位置坐标值的变化来确定触头是在慢速运动区域内快速下压和抬起一次还是在慢速运动区快速下压和抬起两次;当确定触头是在慢速运动区域内快速下压和抬起一次时,确定相应的左键单击功能信号,以及当确定触头是在控制光标慢速运动区快速下压和抬起两次时,确定相应的左键双击功能信号。 [0020] Preferably, the above technical solution, the result and the comparison result of the determination signal in accordance with a function corresponding to the determination step further comprises: determining whether the contact surface of the resistance layer slow classified in advance according to the comparison result motion within the motion area, and determine the contact pressure and the rapid lifting in the slow motion region according to a change in the contact position coordinate values ​​of the specific region with a specific time interval in a depression or rapid slow motion region and the two lift; determining when the contacts are quickly under pressure and within a slow motion area is lifted once, to determine the corresponding left-click function of the signal, and when the contact is determined to control cursor quickly slow motion region when lifted twice and pressed, double-click the left button of the function to determine the corresponding signal.

[0021] 根据本发明的另一方面,提供了一种包括光标导航装置的笔记本计算机,包括:滑动回弹模块,所述滑动回弹模块初始设于一预定位置,在水平外力的作用下在二维坐标平面内运动,并在水平外力撤离之后自动回到该预定位置,在垂直外力的作用下在垂直方向发生弹性变形,并在垂直外力撤离之后自动回弹到初始状态;触头,附设在所述滑动回弹模块下方,在所述滑动回弹模块的带动下在水平方向和/或垂直方向移动;电阻层,设置在所述触头下方,在触头的触压下构成电阻网络,并输出电压值;电阻层控制器,与所述电阻层相连接,用于测量所述电压值,并对所述电压值进行处理以得到所述触头所在的位置坐标值;控制模块,与所述电阻层控制器相连接,用于根据所述位置坐标值确定相应的功能信号;计算机总线;以及中央处理器,通过所 [0021] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a computer comprising a cursor navigation device, comprising: a resilient slide block, the slide module is initially disposed on a resilient predetermined position, under the effect of the horizontal external forces moving the two-dimensional coordinate plane, and the horizontal force automatically returns after the evacuation of the predetermined position, elastically deformed under the action of a vertical external force in the vertical direction and automatically spring back to the initial state after withdrawal of a vertical external force; contacts attached , moved under the slide module rebound resilience in the sliding module driven in the horizontal direction and / or vertical direction; a resistance layer provided below the contact, constituting the resistor network contact pressure contacts and an output voltage value; resistance layer controller connected to the resistive layer, for measurement of the voltage value, and the voltage values ​​are processed to obtain the contact position coordinate values ​​located; control module, the resistive layer is connected to a controller for determining a corresponding function signal according to the position coordinate values; computer bus; and a central processor, through the 计算机总线与所述控制模块连接,用于根据所述功能信号执行相应的操作。 The computer bus is connected with the control module, for performing a corresponding operation according to the function signal.

[0022] 上述技术方案中的至少一个方案,允许用户用多个手指进行操作,这样可以增加操作的舒适感,同时提供操作的便利性。 [0022] at least one of the above technical solution that allows users to operate with a plurality of fingers, which can increase operator comfort, while providing ease of operation.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0023] 图1是是本发明的光标导航装置的一个实施例的示意图; [0023] FIG. 1 is a schematic representation of an embodiment of a cursor navigation device according to the present invention;

[0024] 图2示出了本发明的实施例的光标导航装置的电阻层的示例性示意图; [0024] FIG 2 illustrates a schematic view of an exemplary resistive layer cursor navigation device according an embodiment of the present invention;

[0025] 图3是示出了图2中的电阻层所形成的电阻网络的示例性示意图; [0025] FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram illustrating an exemplary resistive layer resistance network in Figure 2 is formed;

[0026] 图4是示出了对图3中的电阻网络应用分压原理的示意图; [0026] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram showing the principle of Figure 3 dividing resistor network application;

[0027] 图5是图1中的本发明的光标导航装置的一个示例的示意图; [0027] FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of one example of a cursor navigation device in Figure 1 according to the invention;

[0028] 图6是图1中的本发明的光标导航装置的另一个示例的示意图; [0028] FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of another example of a cursor navigation device in Figure 1 according to the invention;

[0029] 图7是本发明的光标导航方法的一个实施例的流程图; [0029] FIG. 7 is a flowchart of one embodiment of cursor navigation method according to the invention;

[0030] 图8是对电阻层表面的划分示意图。 [0030] FIG. 8 is a schematic view of dividing a surface resistance layer.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0031] 如本文所描述的,本发明提供了一种光标导航装置。 [0031] As described herein, the present invention provides a cursor navigation device. 该装置包括:包括:滑动回弹模块,所述滑动回弹模块初始设于一预定位置,在水平外力的作用下在二维坐标平面内运动,并在水平外力撤离之后自动回到该预定位置,在垂直外力的作用下在垂直方向发生弹性变形,并在垂直外力撤离之后自动回弹到初始状态;触头,附设在所述滑动回弹模块上, 在所述滑动回弹模块的带动下在水平方向和/或垂直方向移动;电阻层,设置在所述触头下方,在触头的触压下构成电阻网络,并输出电压值;电阻层控制器,与所述电阻层相连接, 用于测量电阻层输出的电压值,并对其进行处理以得到触头所在的位置坐标值;以及控制模块,与所述电阻层控制器相连接,用于根据触头坐标值确定相应的功能信号。 The apparatus comprising: comprising: a resilient slide block, the slide module is resilient provided at a predetermined initial position, moves within a two-dimensional coordinate plane under the action of an external force level, and to automatically return to the predetermined position after the withdrawal of the horizontal force , deformed elastically under the action of a vertical external force in the vertical direction and automatically spring back to the initial state after withdrawal of a vertical external force; contact, attached on the rebound slide module, driven by the rebound slide module moved in the horizontal direction and / or vertical direction; a resistance layer provided below the contacts constituting the contact pressure of the contact resistance network and an output voltage value; resistance layer controller connected to the resistive layer, measuring a voltage value of the output resistance layer, and processed to obtain the contact position coordinate value is located; and a control module, connected with the resistive layer controller for determining a corresponding function according to the coordinate values ​​of the contact signal.

[0032] 图1是本发明的光标导航装置的一实施例的结构示意图。 [0032] FIG. 1 is a schematic of an embodiment of a cursor navigation device according to the present invention. 如图1所示,本实施例提供了一种光标导航装置,包括: As shown, the present embodiment provides a cursor navigation apparatus 1, comprising:

[0033] 滑动回弹机构1,所述滑动回弹模块初始设于一预定位置,在水平外力的作用下在二维坐标平面内运动,并在水平外力撤离之后自动回到该预定位置,在垂直外力的作用下在垂直方向发生弹性变形,并在垂直外力撤离之后自动回弹到初始状态; [0033] rebound slide mechanism 1, the rebound slide module disposed in a predetermined initial position, moves within a two-dimensional coordinate plane under the action of an external force level, and to automatically return to the predetermined position after the withdrawal of the horizontal force, in elastically deformed in a vertical direction under the action of a vertical external force, and automatically spring back to the initial state after withdrawal of a vertical external force;

[0034] 触头2,附设在滑动回弹机构下方,在滑动回弹模块的带动下在水平方向和/或垂直方向运动; [0034] The contacts 2, attached below the rebound slide mechanism, the movement in the horizontal and / or vertical direction driven by the slide module rebound;

[0035] 电阻层3,设置在触头的下方,在触头的触压下构成电阻网络; [0035] The resistance layer 3 is disposed below the contact, the contact resistance network configuration of the contact pressure;

[0036] 电阻层控制器4,与电阻层3相连接,用于控制对电阻层3所施加的电压的切换,测量电阻层输出的电压值,并对该电压值进行处理以得到触头所在的位置坐标值;以及 [0036] The resistive layer controller 4, is connected to the resistor layer 3, for controlling the switching of the voltage applied to the resistance layer 3, the measured voltage values ​​output from the resistance layer, and processing the voltage values ​​to obtain a contact where position coordinate value;

[0037] 控制模块5,包括:微处理器6,对电阻层控制器4输入的坐标值进行处理,确定光标的对应位置;输出控制单元7,将微处理器6输入的信号以预定的格式输出给PC机。 [0037] The control module 5, comprising: a microprocessor 6, a coordinate value of the input resistance layer controller 4 performs processing corresponding to the determined position of the cursor; output control unit 7, the microprocessor 6 to the input signal in a predetermined format output to the PC.

[0038] 本实施例中,将电阻层3和电阻层控制器4、微处理器6以及输出控制单元7 —同安装在PCB上。 [0038] In this embodiment, the resistance layer 3 and the resistive layer controller 4, the microprocessor 6 and an output control unit 7 - Dong mounted on the PCB.

[0039] 本实施例中,滑动回弹机构包括滑片和回弹机构,手指在滑片上作用一定的水平外力,可以使滑片在二维坐标平面内自由运动,当手指的水平外力撤离之后,回弹机构可以使滑片自动回到二维坐标平面的原点,滑片就像一条船,载着手指在二维坐标平面内自由运动。 [0039] In this embodiment, the slide mechanism comprising a slide and a rebound resilience means, finger on the slide a certain level of action force, the slider can move freely in the two-dimensional coordinate plane, when the level of the withdrawal of the finger force rebound mechanism can automatically slide back to square two-dimensional coordinate plane, slide like a boat, carrying fingers free to move within the two-dimensional coordinate plane. 同时,回弹机构也给操作此滑片提供合适的阻力,使操作更舒适。 At the same time, but also to operate this mechanism rebound slide to provide suitable resistance, makes the operation more comfortable. 另外,滑片在垂直方向上受力后可以发生一定的变形,带动与之相连的触头上下运动,使触头与电极单元接触或分离。 Further, the slide can be deformed in a certain direction after the vertical force, the vertical motion drive contacts connected thereto, the contacts with the electrode in contact with or separate unit.

[0040] 本实施例中,电阻层3包括两个阻性层。 [0040] In this embodiment, the resistance layer 3 comprises two resistive layers.

[0041] 图2是示出了本发明实施例的光标导航装置的电阻层3的一个示例性示图。 [0041] FIG. 2 is a diagram showing an example of the present invention shows resistance layer of FIG cursor navigation apparatus according to a third embodiment. 如图2所示,电阻层3包括两个阻性层。 2, the resistance layer 3 comprises two resistive layers. 其中顶层在屏幕的左右边缘各有一条垂直总线,底层在屏幕的上部和下部各有一条水平总线。 Wherein the top left and right edges of the screen have a vertical bus, at the bottom of the upper and lower portions of the screen have a horizontal bus.

[0042] 在这两个阻性层之间用一种弹性材料来将两层隔开。 [0042] The two layers are separated by using an elastic material between the two resistive layers. 当层表面受到的压力(如带尖的触头,笔尖或手指进行按压)足够大时,顶层与底层之间会产生接触,形成一个电阻网络(如图3所示)。 When the pressure on the surface layer (e.g., contacts with tip, pen or finger is pressed) is sufficiently large, it will produce contact between the top and bottom layers, forming a resistor network (shown in Figure 3). 在不同的位置接触,其电阻值Rxl,Rx2,Ryl,Ryl可以是不同的,也可以相同。 Contacts in different positions, the resistance value Rxl, Rx2, Ryl, Ryl may be different, may be the same.

[0043] 采用分压器原理可以产生代表X坐标和Y坐标的电压值。 [0043] The voltage divider may generate a value representing the principle of X-coordinate and Y coordinate. 如图4所示,两个电阻连接点处的电压测量值与接地的电阻的阻值成正比,即=Vmeas = Vref · R1/(R1+R2)。 4, is proportional to the resistance of the resistor and a ground voltage measurements at the connection point of two resistors, i.e., = Vmeas = Vref · R1 / (R1 + R2).

[0044] 在电阻层控制器的控制下,给电阻层的某一层电极加上电压Vref时,会在该网络上形成电压梯度。 [0044] Under the control of the controller resistive layer, a layer to an electrode when the resistance layer plus the voltage Vref, the voltage gradient will form over the network. 如有外力使得上下两层在某一点接触,则在未加电压的另一层可以测得接触点处的电压,从而知道接触点处的坐标。 If the external force such that at a certain point in contact with upper and lower layers, the voltage may be measured at the point of contact of another no voltage is applied to know the coordinates at the contact point. 比如,在底层的电极(X+,X")上加上电压Vref,则在底层上形成电压梯度。如果有外力使得顶层电极和底层电极在某一点处接触,则在顶层就可以测得接触点处的电压值Vx,然后根据该电压值与电极(X+或X-)之间的距离关系,就可以获得该处的X坐标值。然后,在电阻层控制器的控制下,将电压Vref切换到顶层电极(Y+,Y-)上,并在底层测量接触点处的电压值Vy,从而获得Y坐标值。这样就获得了该接触点处的坐标值(X,Y)。本实施例中,电阻层控制器4用于控制上述电压在电阻层的两层之间的切换。 For example, a voltage Vref on the bottom electrode (X +, X "), then a voltage gradient in the bottom. If the external force is such that top electrode and bottom electrode contact at a certain point, it can be measured by the contact point in the top layer at a voltage value Vx, and then according to the relationship between the distance and the voltage electrode (X + X-or), the X coordinate value can be obtained thereat. then, under the control of the controller resistive layer, the switching voltage Vref to the top-layer electrode (Y +, Y-), and the voltage value Vy at the bottom of the measurement points of contact, to thereby obtain the Y coordinate value. thus obtained coordinate values ​​at the contact point (X-, Y). in this embodiment the resistive layer of the voltage controller 4 for controlling the switching between the two resistive layers.

[0045] 优选地,本实施例中,电阻层也可以包括三个或多个阻性层。 [0045] Preferably, in this embodiment, the resistive layer may also comprise three or more resistive layers. 在电阻层包括四个阻性层的情况下,可以同时测量电压值Vx和Vy,而不需要在电极(X+或X-)与电极(Y+,Y-) 切换电压Vref。 In the case where the resistive layer comprises four resistive layer can be measured while the voltage values ​​Vx and Vy, without the need for electrodes (X + or X-) and the electrode (Y +, Y-) switching voltage Vref. 本实施例采用两个阻抗层只是为了叙述方便,并不代表不能使用更多层的结构。 This embodiment employs two impedance layers description for convenience only and do not represent the structure of more layers can not be used. [0046] 优选地,本实施例中,当在滑动回弹机构上施加一定的垂直外力时,触头在滑动回弹机构的带动下与电阻层接触或分离。 [0046] Preferably, in this embodiment, when applying a constant vertical force on the sliding resilient means, contact with the resistive layer in contact with or separated from driven rebound slide mechanism. 当在滑动回弹机构上施加一定水平外力时,触头在滑动回弹机构的带动下载二维坐标平面内运动。 When an external force is applied to a certain level of resilience in the sliding mechanism, the sliding contacts are resilient drive mechanism within a two-dimensional coordinate plane motion download. 下面参考图5和图6对此进行描述,并详述本实施例的光标导航装置的对应操作。 Below with reference to FIGS. 5 and 6 be described, and detailed operation of the cursor navigation device corresponding to the embodiment according to the present embodiment.

[0047] 现在参考图5。 [0047] Referring now to FIG. 初始状态下,由于回弹机构的约束,触头位于电阻层中心位置的正上方,与电阻层表面保持有一定的距离。 In the initial state, since the resilient restraint means, the contact resistance layer is positioned directly above the center position, and the surface resistance layer maintaining a certain distance. 当手指用一定的力垂直下压滑片时,滑片会发生弹性变形,带动触头一起下压到电阻层上。 When the finger with a certain depression force is vertical slide films, slide elastically deformed, pressed onto the driving contact with the resistive layer. 这时的光标导航装置如图5所示。 In this case the cursor navigation apparatus 5 shown in FIG.

[0048] 在图5中,触头的触压,使电阻层的顶层与底层之间产生接触,形成一个电阻网络,通过分压器原理可以获得表示该接触点处坐标值的电压值Vx和Vy,电阻层控制器获得该电压值Vx和Vy,根据该电压值与电极(X+或X-)之间的距离关系,计算出该接触点处的X坐标值。 [0048] In FIG. 5, the contact pressure of the touch, the top layer and the underlying resistance layer is generated between the contacts to form a resistor network, the voltage divider principle can be obtained by a voltage value indicating the coordinate value at the contact point and Vx Vy, the resistive layer controller obtains voltage values ​​Vx and Vy, in accordance with the distance relationship between the voltage value and the electrode (X + or X-), calculates the X coordinate value at the contact point. 再根据该电压值与电极(Y+或Y-)之间的距离关系,计算出该接触点处的Y坐标值,从而得到该接触点处的坐标值(X,Y)。 Then according to the relationship between the distance and the voltage electrode (Y + or Y-), the Y-coordinate value calculated at the point of contact, thereby obtaining the coordinate values ​​(X-, Y) at the contact point. 最后,电阻层控制器将该接触点处的坐标值(X, Y)以数字信号的形式输出给微处理器。 Finally, the coordinate values ​​at the contact point between the resistance layer controller (X, Y) is output to the microprocessor in the form of digital signals. 微处理器对该坐标值数据进行处理,判断出触头的运动情况,并将相应的信号输出给输出控制单元,输出控制单元将此信号以一定的格式输出给上位机PC,实现光标运动控制操作:光标缓慢移动,光标快速移动等,鼠标左键单击操作,鼠标左键双击操作等操作控制。 The microprocessor processing the coordinate data, it is determined that the movement of the contacts, and a corresponding output signal to the control unit, this unit outputs a control signal at a constant output format of the PC to the host computer, the cursor movement control to achieve operation: slow-moving cursor, and other fast-moving cursor, left mouse button click, double-click the left mouse button operation control operation.

[0049] 如图6所示,当继续施加一定的水平分力时,滑片就会带动触头在电阻层表面移动,并且使触头在移动的同时保持对电阻层表面的触压,这样就可以持续的实时探测到触头在电阻层上的坐标值,然后微处理器对这些坐标值进行处理,判断出触头的运动情况,并将相应的信号输出给输出控制单元,输出控制单元将此信号以一定的格式输出给上位机PC,实现光标运动控制操作:光标缓慢移动,光标快速移动等,鼠标左键单击操作,鼠标左键双击操作等操作控制。 When [0049] As shown in FIG 6, when a certain horizontal component continues to be applied, will drive the slider is moved in the contact surface of the resistor layer and the contacts of the contact surface of the holding pressure while moving the resistive layer, so that can continue to detect in real time the coordinate value of the contact on the resistance layer, and then these coordinate values ​​to the microprocessor for processing, it is determined that the movement of the contacts, and a corresponding output signal to the control unit, the output control unit this constant output signal format of the PC to the host computer, the cursor movement control operation to achieve: a cursor slowly move the cursor rapid movement, mouse button click operation, the operation control double click operation or the like.

[0050] 当手指垂直下压的力减小到一定程度时,触头从电阻层表面抬起,不再触压电阻层,并且由于手指垂直下压的力减小使手指表面和滑片表面的摩擦力也大大减小,当此摩擦力力小于回弹机构施加在滑片上的回弹力时,滑片就带动触头回弹到初始位置,带动触头回到电阻层中心位置的上方(如图1所示)。 [0050] When the vertical force of the finger pressure is reduced to a certain extent, be lifted from the contact surface of the resistive layer, the resistive layer are no longer touch and pressure and the force perpendicular to the finger under reduced pressure the finger surface and the slide surface the frictional force is greatly reduced, when this frictional force is less than the return force exerted on the resilient means of the slide, the contact slide to spring back to the initial position to drive, drive back over the resistance layer contacts the center position (e.g. As shown in FIG. 1).

[0051] 由上述可知,本实施例提供了光标导航装置的具体结构和操作。 [0051] From the foregoing, the present embodiment provides a specific configuration and operation of a cursor navigation device. 电阻层控制器根据电阻层所构成的电阻网络获得触头在电阻层的位置信息,然后经由微处理器对位置坐标值进行分析,判断光标的相应运动;因此通过该微处理器综合所采集的信息,综合实现了对运动情况和按键信息的识别和操作,并且通过所述特定功能模块的对应功能的灵活设置, 能够大大增强灵活性和可扩展性;并允许用户用多个手指进行操作,这样可以增加操作的舒适感并提高了操作的便利性;此外本装置的结构简单、成本低廉且易于实现。 The controller obtains the resistance layer resistor network composed of the resistance layer contacts the resistive layer in the position information, and then analyzed by the microprocessor position coordinate value, determines a corresponding movement of the cursor; thus acquired by the integrated microprocessor information, to achieve the comprehensive identification and movement of the key information and operation, and flexibility provided by the specific function corresponding to the function module, can greatly enhance the flexibility and scalability; and allowing the user to operate with a plurality of fingers, this can increase operator comfort and improved ease of operation; apparatus furthermore simple structure, low cost and easy to implement.

[0052] 本发明的实施例还提供了一种光标导航方法,根据本发明的实施例的光标导航方法包括:根据触压电阻层所形成的电阻网络获得第一触压点的第一位置坐标值以及第二触压点的第二位置坐标值;根据所述第一位置坐标获得触头在电阻层上的第一区域;根据所述第二位置坐标获得触头在电阻层上的第二区域;判断所述第一区域与所述第二区域是否相同,产生一判断结果;比较所述第一位置坐标值与所述第二位置坐标值,产生一比较结果;以及根据所述判断结果和所述比较结果确定相应的功能信号。 Example [0052] The present invention also provides a method of navigation cursor, cursor navigation method according to an embodiment of the present invention comprises: a first obtaining position coordinates of the first contact pads of the contact pressure according to the resistance network formed by the resistance layer position coordinate value and a second value of second contact pads; obtaining a first contact region of the resistive layer according to the first coordinate position; obtaining a second contact on the second resistance layer according to the coordinate position region; determining the first region and the second region are the same, generating a judgment result; comparing the first position and the second position coordinate value of coordinate values, to produce a comparison result; and based on the determination result and determining said comparison result signal corresponding function.

[0053] 图7是对本发明的光标导航方法的实施例的具体流程图。 [0053] FIG. 7 is a flowchart of an embodiment of the DETAILED cursor navigation method of the present invention. [0054] 在步骤701中,通过与电阻层相连接的电阻层控制器向电阻层被触压所形成的电阻网络施加电压;然后,通过电阻层控制器测量第一触压点和第二触压点处的第一电压值和第二电压值(步骤70¾ ;在步骤703中,对所测量的第一电压值和第二电压值进行处理以获得第一触压点和第二触压点处的第一位置坐标值和第二位置坐标值;在步骤704中, 根据在步骤703中所获得的第一位置坐标值和第二位置坐标值分别获得第一区域信息和第二区域信息,该第一区域信息和第二区域信息分别指示触头处于预先划分的所述电阻层表面的慢速运动区域、中速运动区域或快速运动区域;随后,在步骤705中,判断第一区域信息与第二区域信息是否相同,产生判断结果;然后在步骤706中,将第一位置坐标值与第二位置坐标值进行比较,产生比较结果;随后,在步骤707中,根 [0054] In step 701, the resistor network formed by the resistive layer and a controller connected to the resistive layer, the resistive layer is depressed voltage is applied; Then, the controller measures the resistive layer first contact pads and second contact a first voltage value at the pressure point and the second voltage value (step 70¾; in step 703, the first voltage value and the second voltage value is measured to obtain a first contact pads and second contact pads a first position coordinate value and a second value at the position coordinates; in step 704, a first position coordinate values ​​obtained at step 703 and a second position coordinate values ​​to obtain the first area information and second area information, the first area information and second area information respectively indicate the contact is in slow-motion area of ​​a surface of the resistive layer is divided in advance, medium or fast motion region motion area; subsequently, in step 705, the first area information is determined information and the second area are identical, generates a judgment result; then, in step 706, the coordinate value of a first position and a second position coordinate value, generate a comparison result; subsequently, in step 707, the root 据步骤705中的判断结果和步骤706中的比较结果来确定相应的功能信号,即控制光标持续移动,慢速移动和快速移动以及左键单击、左键双击等。 According to the result of the comparison in step 705 and the determination result of step 706 to determine a corresponding feature signal, i.e., control continues to move the cursor, slow movements and fast movements and left-clicking, double-clicking the left button.

[0055] 为了实现步骤707中的控制光标持续移动,慢速移动和快速移动等功能,而不需要频繁的抬起手指使滑片带动触头复位后再继续拨动滑片,我们在电阻层上划分成若干个独立的区域,各个区域的坐标值范围不同,以满足各种速度控制的需要。 [0055] In order to achieve a control step 707 continues to move the cursor, slow movements and fast mobility features, without the need for frequent lifting finger contacts the slide drive plate toggle reset before continuing to slide, we resistive layer is divided into a plurality of separate areas, each area of ​​different coordinate value ranges, in order to meet the needs of a variety of speed control. 如图8所示,将区域Al设定成控制光标慢速运动区,区域A2设定成控制光标中速运动区,以及将区域A3设定成控制光标快速运动区。 8, the area Al is set to control the cursor slow motion region, the region A2 is set to control the speed of the cursor movement area, and the area A3 is set to control the rapid movement of the cursor region. 也可以将电阻层划分为三个或多个区域。 The resistance layer may also be divided into three or more regions.

[0056] 下面将进一步给出所述微处理器根据坐标进行综合判断,从而判断对应的信息类别的一个具体示例。 [0056] The microprocessor will further be given comprehensive judgment based on the coordinates, to determine a specific example of the information corresponding category. 本领域的普通技术人员应当理解,可以根据具体应用场景的需求,灵活地选择和修改所述微处理器进行综合判断时所应用的策略,来实现一体化集中式的多种按键功能,其均应在本发明权利要求所要求保护的范围之内。 Those skilled in the art will appreciate, according to the needs of the specific application scenario, and modifying the flexibility to choose microprocessor comprehensive judgment policy when applied to a variety of centralized integration function keys, each of which It should be within the claims of the present invention as claimed range.

[0057]示例: [0057] Example:

[0058] 手指用一定的力压下触头使之触压电阻层,并使触头在电阻层上运动时,微处理器判断触头在哪个区域内运动,此时手指会有多种后续动作发生,根据手指动作不同,设计不同算法完成手指的导航意图: [0058] When using finger contact at a certain beat resistance layer so that contact pressure, and contact movement on the resistance layer, the microprocessor determines which area in the moving contacts, at this time there will be more subsequent finger actions occur, depending on the finger movements, different algorithms designed to navigate and intent of the finger:

[0059] 情况1 :如果微处理器判断出触头在Al区域内运动,则实时地将和触头移动的坐标值相对应的控制PC光标移动的指令发送给PC,以实时地控制PC光标同步移动。 [0059] Case 1: If the microprocessor determines that the movement of contacts in the region Al, the real-time coordinate values ​​and the corresponding contact mobile PC controlling cursor movement command sent to the PC, a cursor in real-time control PC synchronized movement. 如果触头在Al区域内停下来,则微控制器不再向PC发送光标移动指令,PC光标也就停下来。 If contacts in the area Al stopped, the microcontroller will not send an instruction to move the cursor PC, PC cursor will stop. 这种情况非常适用于对光标位置进行细微的调整。 This is very suitable for fine-tuning the position of the cursor.

[0060] 情况2 :如果微处理器判断出触头是在A2区域内运动,则实时地将和触头移动的坐标值相对应的控制PC光标移动的指令发送给PC,以实时地控制PC光标以N(N是大于1 的自然数)倍于触头移动的速度移动,例如:在时间t内触头从P4移动到P5,其运动的矢量方向是P4P5,其坐标值变化量是(Δ)(5,Δ TO),则微处理器就发送(ΝΔ)(5,ΝΔΥ0的光标移动值的指令给PC,控制光标沿着和Ρ4Ρ5相同的矢量方向以N倍于触头移动的速度移动。 如果这时触头停在了Ρ5的位置,则微处理器继续发送(ΝΔ)(5,ΝΔΥ0的光标移动值的指令给PC,控制光标继续沿着和Ρ4Ρ5相同的矢量方向以N倍于触头移动的速度移动。这样触头移动很小的距离就能够控制光标移动很大的一段距离。如果这时不想让光标移动了,只需要抬起手指,使触头与电阻层脱离接触并在滑片回弹机构的带动下返 [0060] Case 2: If the microprocessor determines that the contact area A2 is in motion, the real-time coordinate values ​​and contact the PC moves the cursor movement control command corresponding to a PC, in real-time control PC cursor to N (N is a natural number greater than 1) times the speed of the moving contact to move, for example: at time t the contact moves from P4 to P5, the motion vector direction which is P4P5, which is a coordinate value change amount ([Delta] ) (5, Δ tO), the microprocessor sends (cursor movement command value (5, ΝΔΥ0 the ΝΔ) to the PC, for controlling cursor movement on the N times speed at the contacts and moves along the same vector direction Ρ4Ρ5 If the time stopped at the contact position Ρ5, the microprocessor continues to send the cursor movement command value (5, ΝΔΥ0 of (ΝΔ) to the PC, a cursor control continues to N times along the same vector direction and Ρ4Ρ5 the moving speed of the moving contacts. in this way a small distance can control the mobile contact great a distance the cursor moves. If you do not want this time the cursor movement, only the need to lift the finger, the contacts out of contact with the resistive layer and driven back rebound slide mechanism 中心位置。 Central location.

[0061] 情况3 :如果微处理器判断出触头是在A3区域内运动,则实时地将和触头移动的坐标值相对应的控制PC光标移动的指令发送给PC,以实时地控制PC光标以mN(m,N是大于1的自然数)倍于触头移动的速度移动,例如:在时间t内触头从P6移动到P7,其运动的矢量方向是P6P7,其坐标值变化量是(ΔΧ7,Δ Y7),则微处理器就发送(πιΝΔΧ7,πιΝΔ Υ7)的光标移动值的指令给PC,控制光标沿着和Ρ6Ρ7相同的矢量方向以mN倍于触头移动的速度移动。 [0061] Case 3: If the microprocessor determines that the contacts are in motion area A3, and the coordinate values ​​of the real-time movement of the contact cursor movement instruction PC control corresponding to a PC, in real-time control PC in the cursor mN (m, N is a natural number greater than 1) times the speed of the moving contact to move, for example: at time t the contact moves from P6 to P7, the motion vector direction which is P6P7, which is a variation of the coordinate values (ΔΧ7, Δ Y7), the microprocessor sends (πιΝΔΧ7, πιΝΔ Υ7) cursor movement command value to the PC, and the same control of the cursor along a vector direction in mN times Ρ6Ρ7 moved to the contact movement speed. 如果这时触头停在了Ρ7的位置,微处理器就继续发送(πιΝΔΧ7,πιΝΔΥ7)的光标移动值的指令给PC,控制光标继续沿着和Ρ6Ρ7相同的矢量方向以mN倍于触头移动的速度移动。 If the value of the command cursor movement stops at this time the contact position Ρ7, the microprocessor will continue transmitting (πιΝΔΧ7, πιΝΔΥ7) to the PC, a cursor control and continue along the same vector direction in mN Ρ6Ρ7 moving contact times the speed of the move. 这样触头移动很小的距离就能够控制光标移动很大的一段距离。 Such contact can be moved a small distance to control cursor movement great a distance. 如果这时不想让光标移动了,只需要抬起手指,使触头与电阻层脱离接触并在滑片回弹机构的带动下返回中心位置。 If the cursor moving time does not want, and only need to lift the finger, the contacts out of contact with the resistive layer and return to the center position of the driven slide mechanism rebound.

[0062] 由上述可知,本方法的实施例根据触头的位置坐标值进行综合判断,确定本次用户操作所对应的功能,并向相应的PC机发送用于与光标导航相对应的功能信号;因此通过集中分析所采集的信息,实现了一体化的多种按键输入功能的识别和操作,并且能够大大增强灵活性和可扩展性;并允许用户用多个手指进行操作,这样可以增加操作的舒适感并提高了操作的便利性;此外本装置的结构简单、成本低廉且易于实现。 [0062] Embodiments of the present method will be apparent from the above coordinate values ​​of the position of the contacts comprehensive judgment, determines the current function corresponding to a user operation, and the cursor navigation function for transmitting signals corresponding to the respective PC, ; Therefore, by analyzing the information collected concentrate, to achieve the integration of various recognition functions and the key input operation, and greatly enhance the flexibility and scalability; and allowing the user to operate with a plurality of fingers, which can increase the operating improved comfort and ease of operation; apparatus furthermore simple structure, low cost and easy to implement.

[0063] 本发明的实施例还提供了一种笔记本计算机,包括本发明所提供的光标导航装置。 Example [0063] The present invention further provides a notebook computer, a navigation device according to the present invention includes a cursor is provided.

[0064] 例如,根据本发明的实施例的笔记本计算机可包括:滑动回弹模块,所述滑动回弹模块初始设于一预定位置,在水平外力的作用下在二维坐标平面内运动,并在水平外力撤离之后自动回到该预定位置,在垂直外力的作用下在垂直方向发生弹性变形,并在垂直外力撤离之后自动回弹到初始状态;触头,附设在所述滑动回弹模块下方,在所述滑动回弹模块的带动下在水平方向和/或垂直方向移动;电阻层,设置在所述触头下方,在触头的触压下构成电阻网络,并输出电压值;电阻层控制器,与所述电阻层相连接,用于测量所述电压值,并对所述电压值进行处理以得到所述触头所在的位置坐标值;控制模块,与所述电阻层控制器相连接,用于根据所述位置坐标值确定相应的功能信号;计算机总线;以及中央处理器,通过所述计算机总线与所述控制模 [0064] For example, a notebook computer according to an embodiment of the present invention may include: a slide module rebound, the rebound slide module disposed in a predetermined initial position, moves within a two-dimensional coordinate plane under the action of an external force level, and automatically return to the predetermined position after the withdrawal of the horizontal external force, under the action of a vertical external force in the vertical direction is elastically deformed and automatically spring back to the initial state after withdrawal of a vertical external force; contacts, attached beneath the rebound slide module , moved in the horizontal direction and / or vertical direction driven by the slide module rebound; a resistance layer provided below the contacts constituting the contact pressure of the contact resistance network and an output voltage value; resistance layer a controller connected to the resistive layer, for measurement of the voltage value, and the voltage values ​​are processed to obtain the contact position coordinate values ​​located; control module, with the controller and the resistive layer connection, for determining a corresponding function signal according to the position coordinate values; computer bus; and a central processor, via the computer bus and the control module 连接,用于根据所述功能信号执行相应的操作。 Connection, for performing a corresponding operation according to the function signal.

[0065] 以上实施例中,对滑片回弹机构的操作可以为单手指,也可以是多手指。 [0065] In the above embodiment, the operation of the slider mechanism may be a single resilient finger may be a multi-finger. 本领域的技术人员应理解,上述操作可由微处理器来实现,也可由其它硬件、软件或其组合来实现, 其均应在本发明的权利要求所要求保护的范围之内。 Those skilled in the art will appreciate, the above-described operations may be implemented by a microprocessor, may also be other hardware, software, or combination thereof, which should be in the claims of the present invention within the scope of the claims. 本领域的技术人员还应理解,上述实施例中的PC仅用作示例,也可用其它处理器等硬件、软件或其组合来实现等同的功能,其均应在本发明的权利要求所要求保护的范围之内。 Those skilled in the art will also appreciate, the above-described embodiments of the PC of example only, other processors may also be hardware, software, or a combination thereof equivalent functions, which should be in the claims of the invention as claimed within range.

[0066] 尽管已经示出并说明了本发明的一些示例性实施例,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解,可以对这些实施例进行改变而不脱离本发明的原理和精神,也不脱离由所附的权利要求及其同等替换所限定的范围。 [0066] While there have been shown and described a few exemplary embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that changes may be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention nor departing from the Alternatively attached claims and their equivalents define the scope.

Claims (15)

1. 一种光标导航装置,包括:滑动回弹模块,所述滑动回弹模块初始设于一预定位置,在水平外力的作用下在二维坐标平面内运动,并在所述水平外力撤离之后自动回到所述预定位置,在垂直外力的作用下在垂直方向发生弹性变形,并在垂直外力撤离之后自动回弹到初始状态;触头,附设在所述滑动回弹模块下方,在所述滑动回弹模块的带动下在水平方向和/ 或垂直方向移动;电阻层,设置在所述触头下方,在触头的触压下构成电阻网络,并输出电压值;电阻层控制器,与所述电阻层相连接,用于测量所述电压值,并对所述电压值进行处理以得到所述触头所在的位置坐标值;以及控制模块,与所述电阻层控制器相连接,用于根据所述位置坐标值确定相应的功能信号。 After the rebound slide module, the slide module is resilient provided at a predetermined initial position, moves within a two-dimensional coordinate plane under the action of an external force level, and the level of withdrawal force: A cursor navigation device, comprising automatically return to the predetermined position, elastically deformed under the action of a vertical external force in the vertical direction and automatically spring back to the initial state after withdrawal of a vertical external force; contacts, attached beneath the rebound slide module, the moving the rebound slide module is driven in horizontal and / or vertical direction; a resistance layer provided below the contacts constituting the contact pressure of the contact resistance network and an output voltage value; resistive layer controller, and It is connected to the resistive layer, for measurement of the voltage value, and the voltage values ​​are processed to obtain the contact position coordinate value is located; and a control module, connected with the resistive layer controller, with a determination signal according to the function corresponding to the position coordinate values.
2.根据权利要求1所述的光标导航装置,其特征在于,所述滑动回弹模块包括滑片及其回弹机构,当手指所施加的一定水平作用力下所述滑片在所述二维坐标平面内自由运动,当手指的所述水平作用力撤离之后,所述回弹机构使所述滑片自动回到所述二维坐标平面的所述预定位置。 2. Place the navigation device according to claim 1, wherein the slide module comprises a resilient slide means and rebound, a certain level when the finger force applied to the slide in the two the free movement dimensional coordinate plane, the horizontal forces after withdrawal of the finger, said resilient mechanism to automatically slide back to the two-dimensional coordinate plane in the predetermined position.
3.根据权利要求2所述的光标导航装置,其特征在于,所述滑动回弹模块在垂直方向上受力后发生变形,带动所述触头上下运动,使所述触头与电阻层接触或分离。 The cursor navigation apparatus according to claim 2, characterized in that the slide module occurs resilient deformation by the force in the vertical direction, drives the vertical movement of the contacts, the contacts and the resistive layer in contact or separation.
4.根据权利要求3所述的光标导航装置,其特征在于,所述电阻层包括两个阻性层,两个阻性层之间用一种弹性材料隔开,当所述触头触压电阻层时,阻性层的顶层与底层之间在触压点处产生接触,形成一个所述电阻网络。 4. The cursor navigation apparatus according to claim 3, wherein said resistive layer comprises two barrier layers, between two resistive layers separated by an elastomeric material, contact pressure when the contact when the resistance layer, between the top and bottom resistive layer is brought into contact at the contact pads, forming a network of said resistor.
5.根据权利要求4所述的光标导航装置,其特征在于,所述电阻层控制器还用于控制对所述电阻层的两个阻性层所施加的参考电压的分时切换,以根据分压原理得到触压点处的坐标值。 The cursor navigation apparatus according to claim 4, wherein said resistance layer controller further for controlling the switching of the reference voltage division resistance layer two resistive layers are applied, in accordance with principle obtained by dividing the coordinate values ​​at the contact pads.
6.根据权利要求3所述的光标导航装置,其特征在于,所述控制模块包括:信息处理模块,用于对所述位置坐标值进行处理,确定对应的光标移动信号和\或按键信号;以及信息输出模块,用于将来自所述信息处理模块的信号以一定的格式输出给PC机。 6. The cursor navigation device according to claim 3, wherein said control module comprises: an information processing module for the position coordinate values ​​are processed to determine the signal corresponding to the cursor movement and \ or a key signal; and information output means for processing the information signal from the module to the constant output format to the PC.
7.根据权利要求6所述的光标导航装置,其特征在于,所述信息处理模块是微处理器。 7. cursor navigation apparatus according to claim 6, wherein said information processing module is a microprocessor.
8. 一种应用于装置中的光标导航方法,所述装置包括滑动回弹模块,所述滑动回弹模块初始设于一预定位置,在水平外力的作用下在二维坐标平面内运动,并在所述水平外力撤离之后自动回到所述预定位置,在垂直外力的作用下在垂直方向发生弹性变形,并在垂直外力撤离之后自动回弹到初始状态;触头,附设在所述滑动回弹模块下方,在所述滑动回弹模块的带动下在水平方向和/或垂直方向移动;电阻层,设置在所述触头下方,在触头的触压下构成电阻网络,并输出电压值;其中,所述方法包括:根据触压电阻层所形成的电阻网络获得第一触压点的第一位置坐标值以及第二触压点的第二位置坐标值;根据所述第一位置坐标值获得触头在所述电阻层上的第一区域信息;根据所述第二位置坐标值获得所述触头在所述电阻层上的第二区域信息;判断所述 8. A method applied to cursor navigation means, said resilient means includes a slide module, the slide module is resilient provided at a predetermined initial position, moves within a two-dimensional coordinate plane under the action of an external force level, and automatically returns after the withdrawal of said predetermined horizontal external position, elastically deformed under the action of a vertical external force in the vertical direction and automatically spring back to the initial state after withdrawal of a vertical external force; contacts, attached to the back sliding below the elastic module, the sliding movement of the driven rebound module in horizontal and / or vertical direction; a resistance layer provided below the contacts, the contact pressure of the contact resistance network configuration, and output voltage values ; wherein the method comprises: obtaining a first contact position coordinate values ​​of the first pressure point contact pressure according to the resistance network formed by the resistance layer and a second contact position coordinate values ​​of the second press point; the first location coordinates from the obtaining a first value of the contact area information on the resistive layer; obtaining a second contact region of said resistive layer on the second position information according to the coordinate value; determining whether the 第一区域信息与所述第二区域信息是否相同,产生一判断结果;比较所述第一位置坐标值与所述第二位置坐标值,产生一比较结果;以及根据所述判断结果和所述比较结果确定相应的功能信号。 The first area information and second area information is the same, generating a judgment result; comparing the first position and the second position coordinate value of coordinate values, to produce a comparison result; and based on the determination result and the determine a corresponding feature comparison result signal.
9.根据权利要求8所述的光标导航方法,其特征在于,所述根据触压电阻层所形成的电阻网络获得第一触压点的第一位置坐标值以及第二触压点的第二位置坐标值的步骤具体包括:向电阻层被触压所形成的电阻网络施加电压,测量第一触压点处的第一电压值和第二触压点处的第二电压值;以及对所述第一电压值和第二电压值进行处理以获得第一触压点处的第一位置坐标值和第二触压点处的第二位置坐标值。 The second cursor navigation 9. The method of claim 8, wherein said obtaining a first position coordinate values ​​of the first contact pads and second contact pads of the resistor network according to the contact pressure of the resistance layer is formed position coordinate value step comprises: applying a voltage to the resistor network is formed by the resistive layer contact pressure, a second voltage value at a first voltage value measured at a first contact pads and second contact pads; and the said first voltage value and the second voltage values ​​are processed to obtain a second coordinate value at the first position a first contact position coordinate values ​​at the pressure point and the second contact pads.
10.根据权利要求9所述的光标导航方法,其特征在于,所述根据所述第一位置坐标值获得触头在电阻层上的第一区域信息的步骤包括:根据所述第一位置坐标值获得第一区域信息,所述第一区域信息指示触头处于预先划分的所述电阻层表面的慢速运动区域、中速运动区域或快速运动区域;以及根据所述第二位置坐标值获得触头在电阻层上的第二区域信息,所述第二区域信息指示触头处于预先划分的所述电阻层表面的慢速运动区域、中速运动区域或快速运动区域。 10. The cursor navigation method of claim 9, wherein said step of obtaining first information region contacts the resistive layer comprises a first position based on the coordinate values: The coordinates of the first position obtaining a first value of area information, the area information indicating the first slow-moving contact is a surface region of the resistive layer is classified in advance, medium or fast motion region motion area; and a second position according to the obtained coordinate value the second contact area information on the resistance layer, the second area information indicating the area of ​​contact is in the slow movement of the surface of the resistance layer is classified in advance, medium or fast motion region motion area.
11.根据权利要求10所述的光标导航方法,其特征在于,所述判断所述第一区域信息与所述第二区域信息是否相同并产生判断结果的步骤包括:根据所述第一区域信息和所述第二区域信息判定所述触头是否处于同一运动区域,如果所述触头处于同一运动区域,则确定光标以同一加速度移动,如果所述触头处于不同运动区域,则确定光标在不同运动区域以不同加速度移动。 11. The cursor navigation method of claim 10, wherein said determining the first area information and second area information is the same, and generates a judgment result comprises: information according to the first region and said second area information determines whether the contact area in the same motion, if the moving contact in the same area, it is determined that the cursor is moved at the same acceleration, if the moving contact is in a different area, it is determined that the cursor different regions move in different motion acceleration.
12.根据权利要求11所述的光标导航方法,其特征在于,所述比较所述第一位置坐标值与所述第二位置坐标值以产生比较结果的步骤包括:根据所述第一位置坐标值与所述第二位置坐标值确定所述触头在所述第一触点与所述第二触点之间的运动方向,从而确定所述光标的移动方向。 Cursor navigation step 12. The method as claimed in claim 11, wherein said second comparison value for the first position coordinate and the position coordinate value to generate a comparison result comprises: The coordinates of the first position position coordinate value and the second value is determined in a direction of movement of the contact between the first contact and the second contact, thereby determining the direction of movement of the cursor.
13.根据权利要求12所述的光标导航方法,其特征在于,所述根据所述判断结果和所述比较结果确定相应的功能信号的步骤包括:根据所述加速度和所述移动方向确定针对所述光标的相应的功能信号。 13. cursor navigation method according to claim 12, characterized in that, according to the determination result and the comparison result of the determination of the function corresponding signals comprises the step of: determining the basis of the acceleration for the moving direction and the function of the signal corresponding to said cursor.
14.根据权利要求13所述的光标导航方法,其特征在于,根据所述判断结果和所述比较结果确定相应的功能信号的步骤还包括:根据比较结果确定触头是否在预先划分的所述电阻层表面的慢速运动区域内运动,并根据触头在特定区域与特定时间间隔内的位置坐标值的变化来确定触头是在慢速运动区域内快速下压和抬起一次还是在慢速运动区快速下压和抬起两次,当确定触头是在慢速运动区域内快速下压和抬起一次时,确定相应的左键单击功能信号,以及当确定触头是在控制光标慢速运动区快速下压和抬起两次时,确定相应的左键双击功能信号。 14. cursor navigation method of claim 13, wherein the comparison result and the determination result of the step function corresponding signal according to the determination further comprises: determining whether the contact is classified in advance in accordance with the comparison result slow movement of the region of the surface of the resistance layer motion, and determining the contact pressure is lower and lift a fast or slow in slow motion in the region of the change of the contact position coordinate values ​​in a particular area to a specific time interval Quick depression and lifting of the two-speed movement region, when it is determined contacts are pressed and lifted quickly once within a slow motion region, determining a respective left-click function of the signal, and when it is determined in the control contacts are depression and lifting of the fast two cursor slow motion area, double-click the left button of the function to determine the corresponding signal.
15. 一种笔记本计算机,其特征在于,包括:滑动回弹模块,所述滑动回弹模块初始设于一预定位置,在水平外力的作用下在二维坐标平面内运动,并在水平外力撤离之后自动回到该预定位置,在垂直外力的作用下在垂直方向发生弹性变形,并在垂直外力撤离之后自动回弹到初始状态;触头,附设在所述滑动回弹模块下方,在所述滑动回弹模块的带动下在水平方向和/ 或垂直方向移动;电阻层,设置在所述触头下方,在触头的触压下构成电阻网络,并输出电压值; 电阻层控制器,与所述电阻层相连接,用于测量所述电压值,并对所述电压值进行处理以得到所述触头所在的位置坐标值;控制模块,与所述电阻层控制器相连接,用于根据所述位置坐标值确定相应的功能信号;计算机总线;以及中央处理器,通过所述计算机总线与所述控制模块连接,用于 15. A computer, characterized by comprising: a slide module rebound, the rebound slide module disposed in a predetermined initial position, moves within a two-dimensional coordinate plane under the action of an external force level, and the level of withdrawal force after automatically return to the predetermined position, under the action of a vertical external force in the vertical direction is elastically deformed and automatically spring back to the initial state after withdrawal of a vertical external force; contacts, attached beneath the rebound slide module, the moving the rebound slide module is driven in horizontal and / or vertical direction; a resistance layer provided below the contacts constituting the contact pressure of the contact resistance network and an output voltage value; resistive layer controller, and It is connected to the resistive layer, for measurement of the voltage value, and the voltage values ​​are processed to obtain position coordinate values ​​of said contacts is located; a control module, connected to the resistive layer controller for determining from the coordinate values ​​of the position signal corresponding to the function; computer bus; and a central processor, via the computer bus and the control module, for 根据所述功能信号执行相应的操作。 Performs a corresponding operation according to the function signal.
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JP2000322188A (en) 1999-05-12 2000-11-24 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Pointing device, and computer equipped with the pointing device
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