CN101554103A - Deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor - Google Patents

Deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101554103A
CN101554103A CNA2009100146892A CN200910014689A CN101554103A CN 101554103 A CN101554103 A CN 101554103A CN A2009100146892 A CNA2009100146892 A CN A2009100146892A CN 200910014689 A CN200910014689 A CN 200910014689A CN 101554103 A CN101554103 A CN 101554103A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
deep scarification
high pressure
described
pressure blowing
fertilizer distributor
Prior art date
Application number
CNA2009100146892A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩京龙
王秉洵
赵俊生
王桂云
王双祥
Original Assignee
烟台大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 烟台大学 filed Critical 烟台大学
Priority to CNA2009100146892A priority Critical patent/CN101554103A/en
Publication of CN101554103A publication Critical patent/CN101554103A/en

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture
    • Y02P60/21N2O
    • Y02P60/212Reducing the use of fertilizers
    • Y02P60/214Efficient applying machines

Abstract

The invention relates to a deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor, which comprises a traction apparatus, an air compression device, a deep scarification device and a material dispatching device; wherein the traction apparatus moves by power; the air compression device comprises a compressed air collecting vat fixed on the traction apparatus, a compressed air conduit fixedly connected with the compressed air collecting vat, an air compressor fixed on a ration axis and an air compressor cooling roller; the air compressor is connected with the compressed air collecting vat by the conduit; the deep scarification device is fixedly connected with the material dispatching device, comprises a deep scarification pillar and a pellet component fixedly connected with one end thereof; the material dispatching device comprises a material box fixedly connected on a raiser and a material pipe fixedly connected with the material box; the material pipe is arranged on the side of the deep scarification pillar and is fixedly connected with the compressed air conduit on the pipe wall thereof. The deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer can realize the mechanization operation of the soil subsoil application, has high working performance, good quality, can control fertilizing amount, increases the effective rate of utilization of the fertilizer, does not pollute environment and has good environmental protection effect.

Description

Deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor

Technical field

The present invention relates to farm machinery and field of environment protection, more particularly,, improve the environment-friendly type deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor of fertilizer utilization efficiency from improving the soil for the treatment of both principal and secondary aspect of disease.

Background technology

Producing the crops nutritious, that harvest is good must have sound, fertile soil and possess soil environment condition favourable and the seedlings root elongation.Up to the present, the soil tillage tilling depth also is no more than 25cm.The elongation of unfavorable like this and crop root, Root Distribution is confined in the top layer scope of surperficial 15cm, and the root system area that crop absorbs nutrition is restricted, and is unfavorable for the healthy growth of crop.Soil melioration and to cultivate soil mainly be organic and inorganic fertilizer and soil conditioner is sprinkling upon the fertilization method of soil surface or with machinery the fertilization method of fertilizer and surface soil stirring.No matter any method is only only executed fertilizer in soil surface or top layer.

Plant is to absorb various nutrients from soil, and healthy flourishing root system provides more nutrients to plant shoot.The solid and gas liquid three-phase of considering upland field soil distributes, and it is best state that gas phase accounts for 20%.Gas phase is lower than 10% will suppress root elongation, and the radicula expansion is suppressed in the 10~15cm scope of top layer.Water content is 20% to be advisable, and the soil of impeded drainage is unwell to the growth of field-crop.The optimum soil pH value of upland field soil is 6.0~7.5, and at present habitual surface fertilising is to sneak into phosphoric acid and neutralizer is regulated soil pH value.But sneaking into needs unnecessary labour, needs the cost of machinery etc. simultaneously.With habitual surface fertilising and shallow-layer mechanical fertilization, rain in the fertilising back, and soil surface fertilizer runoff runs off, and fertilizer components can not fully be penetrated into the deep layer of well developed root system.For this reason, the general employing repeatedly applied fertilizer, and heavy dressing surpasses the fertilizer of absorption coefficient.

In recent years, charcoal powder is a kind of as soil conditioner, is subjected to paying attention to widely.Charcoal powder is mixed in the fertilizer, can improves the growth of the parasitism tissue of the activity of edaphon, the formation that promotes soil aggregate, promotion rhizobium etc. and root symbiosis, the infection that strengthens the VA bacterium, the fixing superfluous nitrogen of absorption etc.

In present production process, the input of a large amount of fertilizer not only drops into a large amount of manpowers, and drops into more fund and raise the cost.Because the shallow-layer of fertilizer such as uses at the improper reduction fertilizer utilization efficiency of fertilizing method.What is more, and the fertilizer amount that drops in the soil overland flow loss of fertilizer takes place and penetrate into water bodys such as underground nitrate pollution underground water and river, environmental problems such as severe contamination water body considerably beyond the potential self-purification capacity of soil itself.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is, above-mentioned defective at prior art, a kind of soil profile that do not change is provided, and that treats both principal and secondary aspect of disease on the basis that keeps the original section of soil improves the soil, and improves the environment-friendly type deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor of fertilizer utilization efficiency.

The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: design a kind of deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor, comprise draw-gear, air compression plant, dark loose device and material allocation device, the device of described draw-gear for moving with power comprises front-wheel, trailing wheel, lifter and turning cylinder; Described air compression plant comprises the compressed air collection cylinder, the air-pressure duct of fixedlying connected with the compressed air collection cylinder that are fixed on the draw-gear, is fixed on air compressor and air compressor cooling wheel on the turning cylinder, and air compressor is connected with the compressed air collection cylinder by conduit; Described dark loose device is fixedlyed connected with the material allocation device, comprises dark loose post and the bullet parts of fixedlying connected with the one end; Described material allocation device comprises that body feed tank that is fixedly connected on the lifter and the materail tube of fixedlying connected with body feed tank, materail tube are positioned at the side of dark loose post and fixedly connected with air-pressure duct at its tube wall.

Above-described draw-gear can be the device that working powers such as tractor or bulldozer are moved, the length of described dark loose post and thickness, and what the shape of bullet parts and the size of volume all can be according to kind of plants is different, is provided with.Can add chemical fertilizer, carbon (clarificant), wood ash, liquid fertilizer or their mixture in the body feed tank.

As the further improvement of above-mentioned technology, above-described deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor, described body feed tank are single or several.

Further improvement as above-mentioned technology, above-described deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor, in the described body feed tank flow controller is set, described flow controller comprises a turning cylinder and drives the chain and sprocket driving device that turning cylinder rotates, on the sidewall of turning cylinder one or both ends blade is set, and is positioned at body feed tank.

The diameter of described flow controller turning cylinder, the big I that reaches blade area is provided with according to fertilization type and fertilizer application amount, to reach the purpose of control mass flow.When the quantity of body feed tank was single, an end of turning cylinder was provided with blade, and when the quantity of body feed tank was two, the two ends of turning cylinder were provided with blade, in like manner, during the increase of body feed tank, the also corresponding increase of the quantity of turning cylinder.

As the further improvement of above-mentioned technology, above-described deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor, described draw-gear are tractor.

As the further improvement of above-mentioned technology, above-described deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor, described dark loose post is a clapboard, and quantity is single or several, and described bullet parts are the triangular pyramidal parts, and quantity is single or several.

As the further improvement of above-mentioned technology, above-described deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor, described materail tube is positioned at the rear side of clapboard, and air-pressure duct is arranged on the end of materail tube sidewall away from ground.

Implement deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor of the present invention, have following beneficial effect:

1, according to design of the present invention, dark loose device forms the hole and produces the crack on every side in deep subsoil, air compression plant and material allocation device apply hole and crack with air and material, and from bottom to top stable reaching provides nutrition to root system of plant expeditiously.Therefore, material just can fully satisfy the growth of plant with the amount of minimum necessary limit, does not have excessive harmful substance polluted underground waters such as nitrogen, also can improve the soil simultaneously and prevents soil acidification.

2, the length of dark loose post can be set as required, realize dark pine, solve the shallow-layer fertilising that prior art exists, the problem of unfavorable absorption soil.

3, realize deep subsoil fertilising row mechanized, the operating efficiency height, quality is good, and can control fertilizing amount, executes the fertilizer of minimum necessary limit, and the effect of fully being applied fertilizer is effectively utilized chemical fertilizer, and is free from environmental pollution, and environment protecting is good.

Description of drawings

The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, in the accompanying drawing:

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the vertical view of deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor embodiment of the present invention modular construction schematic diagram of deep ploughing;

Fig. 4 is the soil profile structural representation of deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor flow controller of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the cutaway view of deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor flow controller of the present invention.

Among the figure: tractor 1, front-wheel 2, trailing wheel 3, lifter 4, turning cylinder 5, compressed air collection cylinder 6, air-pressure duct 7, air compressor 8, air compressor cooling wheel 9, dark loose post 10, bullet parts 11, body feed tank 12, materail tube 13, flow controller 14, turning cylinder 15, chain and sprocket driving device 16, blade 17, hole 18, crackle 19, soil 20.

Embodiment

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, in the embodiment of deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor of the present invention, comprise draw-gear, air compression plant, dark loose device and material allocation device, draw-gear is a farm tractor 1, comprises front-wheel 2, trailing wheel 3, lifter 4 and turning cylinder 5; Air compression plant comprises the compressed air collection cylinder 6, the air-pressure duct 7 of fixedlying connected with compressed air collection cylinder 6 that are fixed on the tractor trailing wheel 3, is fixed on air compressor 8 and air compressor cooling wheel 9 on the turning cylinder 5, air compressor cooling wheel 9 guarantees air compressor 8 operate as normal, and air compressor 8 is connected with compressed air collection cylinder 6 by conduit; Described dark loose device is fixedlyed connected with the material allocation device, and dark loose device comprises two dark loose posts 10 and two bullet parts 11 of fixedlying connected with the one end; Dark loose post 10 is the wedge thin plate, and bullet parts 11 are the triangular pyramidal parts.

Described material allocation device comprises two body feed tanks 12 and the materail tube 13 of fixedlying connected with body feed tank 12 that are fixedly connected on the lifter 4, and materail tube 13 is formed with the plastic tube of diameter by the iron pipe of diameter 50mm and in its upper end.Described materail tube 13 is positioned at the rear side of clapboard, and compressed air piping 7 is that the steam hose of diameter 25mm is formed, and an end of air-pressure duct 7 is arranged on the end of materail tube 13 sidewalls away from ground, and fixedlys connected with it.

In the described body feed tank 12 flow controller 14 is set, described flow controller 14 comprises a turning cylinder 15 and is positioned at the turning cylinder middle part and drive the chain and sprocket driving device 16 that turning cylinder rotates, and blade 17 is set on the sidewall of turning cylinder two ends and lays respectively in two body feed tanks 12.

The step of using deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor is described below simply.At first, start the draw-gear tractor, the dark loose post 10 of deep ploughing device inserts underground 20, and triangular pyramidal parts 11 form 2 holes 18 in soil 20 deep layers.At this moment, start air compressor 8, body feed tank 12 and flow controller 14, material flows into materail tube 13 through flow controller 14, is blown in the hole 18 by pressure-air.At this moment, under the effect of pressure-air, material is fixed or is stirred in the middle of the soil 20 of hole 18 peripheries.

On the other hand, because soil 20 sections form the most crackles 19 as Fig. 5, in this crackle 19, also be blown into material.Simultaneously, vertically clapboard 10 moves in soil 20 and can cut off crop radicula, the effect that can obtain to cut root.Bullet parts 11 are 50~60cm place deep layer Durchgangshohle under soil 20 ground levels, and gas phase is accounted for about 20%, helps the growth of crop.

During fertilising, the general usefulness of material be organic and inorganic fertilizer, soil conditioner, disinfectant or clarificant etc., simultaneously also can mix practicality to them according to a certain percentage.As table 1 (compound percentages of expression injecting material).These materials 6-8kg/cm 2Flow, use 1.2-1.4m 3The pressure-air of/min is blown in the hole.Material can by high pressure gas be blown into hole 18 around, particularly from bottom to top be blown in the middle of the crackle 19 in the soil 20.

In addition, material also can be a liquid fertilizer.At this moment, liquid fertilizer is become vaporific by high pressure gas, is blown in the middle of hole 18 and the crackle 19.

[table 1]

In sum, as those of ordinary skill is scrutable in the art, described in this specification is a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and all changes of being made under this invention's idea or modification all should be in claim protection domains of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1, deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor is characterized in that, comprises draw-gear, air compression plant, dark loose device and material allocation device, and the device of described draw-gear for moving with power comprises front-wheel, trailing wheel, lifter and turning cylinder; Described air compression plant comprises the compressed air collection cylinder, the air-pressure duct of fixedlying connected with the compressed air collection cylinder that are fixed on the draw-gear, is fixed on air compressor and air compressor cooling wheel on the turning cylinder, and air compressor is connected with the compressed air collection cylinder by conduit; Described dark loose device is fixedlyed connected with the material allocation device, comprises dark loose post and the bullet parts of fixedlying connected with the one end; Described material allocation device comprises that body feed tank that is fixedly connected on the lifter and the materail tube of fixedlying connected with body feed tank, materail tube are positioned at the side of dark loose post and fixedly connected with air-pressure duct at its tube wall.
2, deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described body feed tank is single or several.
3, deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, in the described body feed tank flow controller is set, described flow controller comprises a turning cylinder and drives the chain and sprocket driving device that turning cylinder rotates, on the sidewall of turning cylinder one or both ends blade is set, and is positioned at body feed tank.
4, deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described draw-gear is a tractor.
5, deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described dark loose post is a clapboard, and quantity is single or several, and described bullet parts are the triangular pyramidal parts, and quantity is single or several.
6, deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor according to claim 5 is characterized in that, described materail tube is positioned at the rear side of clapboard, and air-pressure duct is arranged on the end of materail tube sidewall away from ground.
CNA2009100146892A 2009-03-08 2009-03-08 Deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor CN101554103A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2009100146892A CN101554103A (en) 2009-03-08 2009-03-08 Deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2009100146892A CN101554103A (en) 2009-03-08 2009-03-08 Deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101554103A true CN101554103A (en) 2009-10-14

Family

ID=41172502

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNA2009100146892A CN101554103A (en) 2009-03-08 2009-03-08 Deep scarification high pressure blowing-in controllable fertilizer distributor

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101554103A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103053256A (en) * 2013-01-23 2013-04-24 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Few-no-tillage-soil seeding and fertilizing method for wheat and corns under complete straw mulching condition
CN104186040A (en) * 2014-09-10 2014-12-10 东北农业大学 Mechanical air pressure subsoiler
CN104541627A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-04-29 韩京龙 Tea garden soil deep ploughing and fertilizing tool
CN104904350A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-16 李深文 Crush ridging machine used for surface fertilization and surface fertilization method of crush ridging machine
CN105960858A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-09-28 石河子大学 Airflow-impact deep-scarification fertilizer distributor
WO2017092290A1 (en) * 2015-11-30 2017-06-08 四川天本生物技术有限公司 Self-moving working device for three-dimensionally protective tillage-free, deep scarification and deep placement
CN106888607A (en) * 2015-12-20 2017-06-27 衡阳智源农业科技有限公司 A kind of modification method of acidified soil

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103053256A (en) * 2013-01-23 2013-04-24 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Few-no-tillage-soil seeding and fertilizing method for wheat and corns under complete straw mulching condition
CN104186040A (en) * 2014-09-10 2014-12-10 东北农业大学 Mechanical air pressure subsoiler
CN104186040B (en) * 2014-09-10 2015-12-30 东北农业大学 A kind of mechanical type air pressure subsoiler
CN104541627A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-04-29 韩京龙 Tea garden soil deep ploughing and fertilizing tool
CN104904350A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-16 李深文 Crush ridging machine used for surface fertilization and surface fertilization method of crush ridging machine
WO2017092290A1 (en) * 2015-11-30 2017-06-08 四川天本生物技术有限公司 Self-moving working device for three-dimensionally protective tillage-free, deep scarification and deep placement
CN106888607A (en) * 2015-12-20 2017-06-27 衡阳智源农业科技有限公司 A kind of modification method of acidified soil
CN105960858A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-09-28 石河子大学 Airflow-impact deep-scarification fertilizer distributor
CN105960858B (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-10-27 石河子大学 A kind of gas shock subsoiling fertilizer applicator

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US8728460B2 (en) Biological soil nutrient system
CN102618295B (en) Soil improving substrate suitable for ecological restoration of mine and preparation method thereof
CN104261983B (en) A kind of preparation method of cultivation matrix
CN103583106A (en) Method for biologically improving saline-alkali soil
CN102498777B (en) Method of using biogas slurry to treat continuous cropping obstacles of greenhouse soil
CN104919931A (en) Saline land improvement method
CN102173917B (en) Preparation method of afforestation matrices for sandstone rock slopes
CN103467148B (en) Organic fertilizer prepared from sludge
AU2011356300B2 (en) Bio super vegetable gardens (BSVG)
CN103214315A (en) Greening matrix containing quarry mucks, animal manures, straws and charcoal powder and preparation method thereof
CN101928179A (en) Slow release fertilizer having soil remediation function and soil contamination remediation method
CN104098404B (en) Lichee long-acting special compoiste fertilizer that a kind of bagasse is made and preparation method thereof
CN102020506A (en) Plant ash seedling-growing matrix and preparation method thereof
CN103011927A (en) Biomass tower type compost treatment device and method
CN103044104B (en) Equipment and method for treating biomass bin type compost
CN105347933A (en) Spray seeding matrix and method for saline land greening by adopting the spray seeding matrix
CN102173919A (en) Preparation method of afforestation matrices for mudstone rock slopes
US7854926B2 (en) Biological soil nutrient system
CN104429384B (en) Orchard stalk and topsoil bilayer cover do mechanization operation method and the machine of covering
Sepat et al. Planting systems and integrated nutrient management for enhanced wheat (Triticum aestivum) productivity
CN205848168U (en) The warmhouse booth that micro-nano bubble is irrigated
CN105028011B (en) Highlands planting tree hole and planting tree method
CN102992877A (en) Flower seedling wood cutting medium
CN105638301A (en) Seedling culturing matrix with straw fermentation matter as main raw material and preparation method of seedling culturing matrix
CN1672822A (en) Prepn and usage of plant repairing body for contaminated soil

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20091014

C12 Rejection of a patent application after its publication