CN101545307A - Roof green insulation system and method thereof - Google Patents

Roof green insulation system and method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101545307A
CN101545307A CN200910049129A CN200910049129A CN101545307A CN 101545307 A CN101545307 A CN 101545307A CN 200910049129 A CN200910049129 A CN 200910049129A CN 200910049129 A CN200910049129 A CN 200910049129A CN 101545307 A CN101545307 A CN 101545307A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roof
building
insulation
green
layer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN200910049129A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘瑞欣
辛春华
金强
张宜萍
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SHANGHAI INSURING POLYMER MATERIALS CO Ltd
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SHANGHAI INSURING POLYMER MATERIALS CO Ltd
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Application filed by SHANGHAI INSURING POLYMER MATERIALS CO Ltd filed Critical SHANGHAI INSURING POLYMER MATERIALS CO Ltd
Priority to CN200910049129A priority Critical patent/CN101545307A/en
Publication of CN101545307A publication Critical patent/CN101545307A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/254Roof garden systems; Roof coverings with high solar reflectance
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B80/00Architectural or constructional elements improving the thermal performance of buildings
    • Y02B80/32Roof garden systems

Abstract

The invention relates to a roof green insulation system and a method thereof, which belong to the field of building roof green insulation. The green insulation system comprises a cement mortar screeding basal plane layer 2, an adhesive mortar layer 3, an insulation board layer 4, a finishing layer 5, a self-organizing waterproof sealant 6, a waterproof layer 7, a moisturizing blanket 8, a storage and drainage plate 9, a filter cloth 10, planting soil 11 and a green plant12 upwards from a building roof concrete roof 1 in sequence. The system is suitable for being arranged on a roof of a building or a top slab of a substructure, has the advantage of simple structure, has the functions of thermal insulation, water resistance and greening, effectively protects the building roof, not only can prolong the service life, but also can effectively solve the problem of roof leakage of the building.

Description

A kind of roof green insulation system and method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of roof green insulation system and method thereof; described system can be set up on the roof of building or on the top board of underground building; as the accessory structure of building roof or underground building top board, multiple actions such as can playing protection building roof, waterproof, be incubated and beautify the environment.Belong to building greening field of thermal insulation.
Background technology
China is one of developing country with fastest developing speed in the world, also is most populous country, and per capita green area is few.And along with China's rapid development of economy, urban population density increases day by day, and the soil that the urban district can be used for building the greenery patches deserves to be called an inch of land is an inch of gold, causes city green areas of average per-person share occupied area with fewer and feweri, and roof greening solves the optimal path of this contradiction beyond doubt.State's weathers such as Japan, the U.S., Poland, Singapore are roughly similar to China, and the historical experience of its roof greening be worth to be used for reference very much, and the rapid China's city environmental quality, beautifying urban environment of improving do not had and be suspected to have positive impetus.
In recent years, domestic a lot of cities have started roof greening heat, and it is pale yellowish green that one time of grey roof has become a slice.Relevant policy has also been put into effect at roof greening in each city.As the Chengdu statutory regulation: all building projects of urban district from now on, all should be by the index auxiliary construction attached green space of planning requirement, attached green space should be based on plant landscaping, and the planting technique area is not less than 75% of its greenery patches gross area.Simultaneously, large public building should be built the roof garden meeting under the public safety requirement; New edition " Shanghai City greening regulations " newly-increased " the suitable roof greenings of public service facility building such as newly-built office, public institution and culture, physical culture; should implement roof greening ", the target of Shanghai City greening department is: the following several years, the Shanghai roof greening is with newly-increased 50,000 square metres of every year.
Roof greening has the protection top of building, prolongs building application life; Alleviate urban sewerage and drainage pressure; Save the energy, heat insulating effect is good; Sound insulation and noise reduction effect and improve air quality, mesoclimate, and can play the effect of beautifying the environment.
But the historical experience of using for reference domestic and international roof greening is as can be known, in the daily use of roof greening after the building course neutralization is built up, and all waterproof and the drainage system on destructible roof, thus cause the roof to leak.Reason may be that former roof membrane is dealt with improperly when existing defect sturcture layer such as weak links such as parapet and gutter bead to be in laying water-proof coiled material and is prone to seepage; Waterproofing course such as waterproof roll are strong inadequately to plant growing root resistance ability, cause plant to penetrate waterproofing course even deck, cause the waterproof failure; Insulation layer is because climate change and shine upon and cause that cracking also causes the roof to leak easily.
The general outer heat preservation system that adopts common bonding thermal insulation mortar and plastering mortar to form of the roof green insulation system of building easily produces cracking, infiltration etc. in the prior art, thereby causes the failure of roof insulation waterproof; And if adopt the conventional waterproof coiled material as waterproofing course, root system of plant with very strong penetration capacity can form building roof and penetrate, cause waterproofing course destruction and cause that the roof leaks, in case roof leakage just will face and whole roofing be rooted out, repairs and will form the high a series of catastrophic problems of reparation reformation expense.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of roof green insulation system and method thereof, it can be set up on the roof of building or on the top board of underground building, the bottom is a building roof concrete roof, it is characterized in that making progress, be followed successively by the plantation plant of float coat, self-organizing waterproof sealer, root-resistant puncturing PVC waterproof roll, the blanket of preserving moisture, drainage dish, filter cloth, planting soil and the superiors of cement mortar screeding layer, tack coat, insulation flaggy, the making of polymer plastering mortar from concrete roof.
Described leveling layer thickness is 15mm-20mm, adopts 1: 3 cement mortar; Described adhesive layer thickness is about 8mm-12mm, employing be the polymer bonding mortar that contains the activated silica modification, can adopt a little sticking method cloth glue during construction; Described warming plate layer thickness calculates by the existing design standard for energy efficiency of buildings in location to be confirmed, the Shanghai region thickness generally adopts 2.5cm-4.0cm, and the insulation flaggy adopts EPS (Expanded polystyrene) plate, XPS (Extruded polystyrene) plate or the polyurethane foam board of handling through the special interface inorganic agent; Described float coat adopts polymer plastering mortar and the built-in alkali-resistant glass fibre grid cloth that contains the activated silica modification, and thickness is generally 3mm-5mm, is as the criterion to cover fiberglass gridding cloth.Above-described leveling layer, tack coat, insulation flaggy, the employed material of float coat (comprising employed alkali resistant glass fibre open weave cloth) all should meet JG149-2003 expansion polyphenyl plate thinly plastered external insulation system of outer wall industry standard.
Described self-organizing waterproof sealer has certain self organizing function, promptly working as bottom surface films under high temperature and high humidity, have certain self organizing function, thereby can prevent heat-insulation system cracking, seepage effectively, strengthened cracking resistance, the water resistance of roof green insulation system.
Described waterproofing course adopts root-resistant puncturing PVC waterproof roll, weak link places such as parapet and gutter bead adopt soldering, defect sturcture layer and agent structure layer are become one prevent to leak, can effectively prevent that root system of plant from penetrating waterproofing course even destroying insulation layer and building roofing deck simultaneously.
The described blanket of preserving moisture, drainage dish, filter cloth are general common used material, and its thickness, specification and material require to meet the requirement of JGJ155-2007 planted roof engineering rules industry standard.
Advantage of the present invention is simple in structure, has the performance of insulation, waterproof, greening concurrently, sets up on roof of buildings or underground building top board.Effectively protect building roofing, increase the service life and can effectively solve the roof of buildings seepy question.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a roof green insulation system constructional drawing of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, the bottom of the present invention is a roof concrete roof 1, upwards is followed successively by the plantation plant 12 of float coat 5, self-organizing waterproof sealer 6, root-resistant puncturing PVC waterproof roll 7, the blanket 8 of preserving moisture, drainage dish 9, filter cloth 10, planting soil 11 and the superiors of cement mortar screeding layer 2, tack coat 3, insulation flaggy 4, the making of polymer plastering mortar.The specific embodiment be on concrete roof with 1: 3 cement mortar screeding foundation base, and thinly on the levelling foundation base smear one layer of polymeric adhesive mortar layer, thickness is 8mm-12mm, simultaneously at cloth glue on the warming plate and paste on the basal plane rapidly; The polymer plastering mortar for preparing is spread upon on the warming plate uniformly, and the landfill alkali resistant glass fibre open weave cloth, treat that the first road plastering mortar solidifies when good, the polymer plastering mortar for preparing is evenly smeared, float coat thickness is as the criterion to cover grid cloth; After treating the float coat drying, brushing one deck self-organizing waterproof sealer again; Root-resistant puncturing PVC waterproof roll, the blanket of preserving moisture, drainage dish and filter cloth thereon more successively tile; And coated with suitable plantation nutrition soil and plant suitable green plants.
The present invention can effectively play the building heat preserving waterproof effect, reaches good heat insulation effect in useful life period at building, and it is about 50% to save heating or energy consumption for cooling, drainage can not take place again.The present invention fully realizes heat preservation energy-saving, waterproof, greening combination property.
The urban green space area is very nervous at present, and numerous building roof is a slice " wasteland ", directly influences urban ecological environment.Adopt the present invention to make up the roof garden on the building roof, can effectively increase the urban green space area, improve and the beautifying city ecological environment, have good social benefit.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 1, greening heat insulation system provided by the present invention is set up on the top board in underground building (as garage, bomb shelter etc.), its method and structure such as embodiment 1, and it saves heating or energy consumption for cooling about 50%.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of roof green insulation system is characterized in that described greening heat insulation system comprises from building roof concrete roof (1) upwards to be followed successively by cement mortar screeding foundation base (2), adhesive mortar layer (3), insulation flaggy (4), float coat (5), self-organizing waterproof sealer (6), waterproofing course (7), the blanket of preserving moisture (8), drainage dish (9), filter cloth (10), planting soil (11) and green plants (12).
2, by the described roof green insulation system of claim 1, it is characterized in that:
A) described cement mortar levelling foundation base (2) is the cement mortar of 1:3;
B) described adhesive mortar layer (3) adopts the polymer bonding mortar that contains the activated silica modification;
C) EPS plate, XPS plate or the polyurethane foam board of described insulation flaggy (4) for handling through interface treating agent;
D) described float coat (5) adopts the polymer plastering mortar that contains the activated silica modification; And built-in glass fiber networking cloth;
E) described waterproofing course (7) adopts root-resistant puncturing PVC waterproof roll; Parapet or gutter bead weak link adopt welding procedure, and deck and agent structure layer are become one;
F) described insulation blanket (8), drainage dish (9), filter cloth (10) material meet the JGJ155-2007 standard.
3, implement the method for roof green insulation system as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that concrete steps are:
A) on concrete roof with 1:3 cement mortar screeding foundation base, and on the levelling foundation base the thin one layer of polymeric adhesive mortar layer of smearing;
B) cloth glue and paste on the basal plane rapidly on the insulation flaggy simultaneously;
C) the polymer plastering mortar for preparing is spread upon on the warming plate uniformly, and the landfill alkali resistant glass fibre open weave cloth;
When d) treating that the first road plastering mortar solidifies, the polymer plastering mortar for preparing is evenly smeared, float coat thickness is as the criterion to cover grid cloth;
E) treat the float coat drying after, brushing one deck self-organizing waterproof sealer again;
F) on self-organizing waterproof sealer, tile successively again root-resistant puncturing PVC waterproof roll, the blanket of preserving moisture, drainage dish and filter cloth;
G) and coated with suitable plantation nutrition soil and plant suitable green plants.
4, by the implementation method of the described roof green insulation system of claim 3, it is characterized in that:
A) described levelling foundation base thickness is 15-20mm;
B) described adhesive mortar layer thickness is 8-12mm;
C) described insulation flaggy Shanghai region thickness is 2.5-4cm;
D) float coat thickness is 3-5mm.
5, by the application of claim 1 or 2 described roof green insulation systems, it is characterized in that setting up, as the accessory structure of the building of roof or underground building on the roof of building or on the top board of underground building.
6, by the application of the described roof green insulation system of claim 5, it is characterized in that described accessory structure in building makes lifetime, save heating or energy consumption for cooling 50%.
CN200910049129A 2009-04-10 2009-04-10 Roof green insulation system and method thereof Pending CN101545307A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910049129A CN101545307A (en) 2009-04-10 2009-04-10 Roof green insulation system and method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910049129A CN101545307A (en) 2009-04-10 2009-04-10 Roof green insulation system and method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102174844A (en) * 2011-03-11 2011-09-07 西安诚利信息科技有限公司 Top plate earth-covering greening water repellent network drainage system for underground facility
CN102597386A (en) * 2009-11-23 2012-07-18 瑞新株式会社 Roof-greening sheet
CN102747793A (en) * 2011-04-20 2012-10-24 上海高格工程设计咨询有限公司 External wall structure for ecological house
CN102787722A (en) * 2012-06-13 2012-11-21 邹尚云 Manufacturing method of environment-friendly ecological waterproof roof
CN103074967A (en) * 2013-01-28 2013-05-01 田洪利 Integral seamless light-steel roof system
CN103758295A (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-04-30 北京仁创生态环保科技有限公司 Roof structure
CN103790291A (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-05-14 石少伟 Building plant attaching insulation board
CN103899052A (en) * 2012-12-28 2014-07-02 佳埼工程有限公司 Green energy planting combined-structure system
CN104060777A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-09-24 哈尔滨工业大学 Ecological roof for rainwater utilization and air purification
CN104912261A (en) * 2014-06-06 2015-09-16 杨水龙 Ecological heat insulating method for building roof through plants
CN105888146A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-08-24 苏州市德威防水科技有限公司 Waterproof and heat-insulation structure of planting top plate
CN106760247A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-31 安庆市鼎升环保科技有限公司 The method for paving that a kind of roof is afforested using environment-friendly stalk vegetation blanket
CN109267706A (en) * 2018-09-26 2019-01-25 安溪县斯马拓科技发展有限公司 A kind of roof greening planting structure

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102597386A (en) * 2009-11-23 2012-07-18 瑞新株式会社 Roof-greening sheet
CN102174844A (en) * 2011-03-11 2011-09-07 西安诚利信息科技有限公司 Top plate earth-covering greening water repellent network drainage system for underground facility
CN102747793A (en) * 2011-04-20 2012-10-24 上海高格工程设计咨询有限公司 External wall structure for ecological house
CN102787722A (en) * 2012-06-13 2012-11-21 邹尚云 Manufacturing method of environment-friendly ecological waterproof roof
CN103899052A (en) * 2012-12-28 2014-07-02 佳埼工程有限公司 Green energy planting combined-structure system
CN103899052B (en) * 2012-12-28 2016-04-13 佳埼工程有限公司 Greenly can plant cultivation composite structural system
CN103074967A (en) * 2013-01-28 2013-05-01 田洪利 Integral seamless light-steel roof system
CN103758295B (en) * 2013-12-30 2019-06-04 北京仁创科技发展有限公司 A kind of roof structure
CN103758295A (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-04-30 北京仁创生态环保科技有限公司 Roof structure
CN103790291A (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-05-14 石少伟 Building plant attaching insulation board
CN103790291B (en) * 2014-02-26 2015-12-09 石少伟 Build and attachedly plant warming plate
CN104912261A (en) * 2014-06-06 2015-09-16 杨水龙 Ecological heat insulating method for building roof through plants
CN104060777A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-09-24 哈尔滨工业大学 Ecological roof for rainwater utilization and air purification
CN105888146A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-08-24 苏州市德威防水科技有限公司 Waterproof and heat-insulation structure of planting top plate
CN106760247A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-31 安庆市鼎升环保科技有限公司 The method for paving that a kind of roof is afforested using environment-friendly stalk vegetation blanket
CN109267706A (en) * 2018-09-26 2019-01-25 安溪县斯马拓科技发展有限公司 A kind of roof greening planting structure

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Open date: 20090930