CN101543194A - Multifunction active agent of fermentation beds - Google Patents

Multifunction active agent of fermentation beds Download PDF

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CN101543194A
CN101543194A CN 200910103700 CN200910103700A CN101543194A CN 101543194 A CN101543194 A CN 101543194A CN 200910103700 CN200910103700 CN 200910103700 CN 200910103700 A CN200910103700 A CN 200910103700A CN 101543194 A CN101543194 A CN 101543194A
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fermentation
active agent
weight
bacteria
characterized
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CN 200910103700
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CN101543194B (en )
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周远飞
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周远飞
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/11Specially adapted for crops
    • Y02A40/18Related to fertilizer management
    • Y02A40/20Sustainable fertilizers of biological origin
    • Y02A40/205Fertilizers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure

Abstract

The invention provides a multifunction active agent of fermentation beds. Chinese herbal medicament components are added in the active agent to kill ova and increase lean meat yield. The aim of the invention is realized by comprising the compositions in portion: 2 portions of zymogen and the following Chinese herbal medicaments: 0.1 to 0.5 portion of folium cortex eucommiae, 0.1 to 0.5 portion of glossy privet fruit, 0.5 to 2 portions of hawthorn, 0.5 to 2 portions of astragalus root and 0.1 to 0.8 portion of Chinese cinnamon. The multifunction active agent is characterized in that the active agent ensures that livestock and poultry excretions undergo fermentation in the fermentation beds to provide abundant organic fertilizer for plants and that the temperature generated by fermentation creates favorable growth conditions for livestock, poultry and plants; harmless treatments such as quick fermentation, decomposition, adsorption, disinfestation and ovum killing of the livestock and poultry excretions are carried out through beneficial strain and the Chinese herbal medicaments; meanwhile, the added Chinese herbal medicaments can promote the multiplication of beneficial bacteria in pig intestines so as to accelerate growth; and lean meat ratio can be increased by approximately 15 percent.

Description

发酵床多功能活性剂 Multifunctional fermentation bed an active agent

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及农业技术,具体涉及一种发酵床多功能活性剂。 The present invention relates to agricultural technology, particularly, to a fermentation bed multifunctional active agent. 背景技术 Background technique

随着畜牧业养殖规模的快速发展,畜禽排泄物造成的环境污染日益严重, With the rapid development of aquaculture scale animal husbandry, environmental pollution caused by growing livestock excreta,

目前中国每年畜禽排泄物产生量已达到19亿吨,超过了工业固体废弃物排放量的2倍。 China's annual livestock and poultry production amount has reached 19 million tons, more than twice the amount of industrial solid waste. 现有的畜禽排泄物处理技术效果不尽人意,由于畜禽排泄物中水分含量高、体积大,处理费用高,因此大部分畜禽排泄物被直接排放,但如果将畜禽排泄物排放入河流、湖泊,则会使水体富营养化,造成污染,而如若以固体形式直接堆放,则会占用大量的土地,畜禽排泄物发酵产生的有毒有害物质也会造成空气和地下水的污染,因此,畜牧业畜禽排泄物的处理已成为企业的一大难题。 Conventional livestock and poultry processing effect is unsatisfactory, because livestock excreta with high water content, high volume, high processing costs, so most of the livestock excreta is discharged directly, but if the emission of livestock and poultry into rivers, lakes, will cause the eutrophication, pollution, and should the stacked directly in solid form, it will take up a lot of land, toxic and harmful substances produced by fermentation of livestock excreta will pollute the air and groundwater, Therefore, treatment of livestock and poultry husbandry has become a major problem enterprises.

目前,已有利用发酵床来进行养殖的技术,发酵床的原理是按一定比例混合秸杆、锯末屑、稻壳粉等农作物废料和粪便(或泥土)作为养殖舍的垫料, 再加入发酵菌种,进行微生物发酵繁殖,通过畜禽的拱翻习性使垫料充分混合, 使粪、尿中的有机物质得到充分的分解和转化,微生物以尚未消化的粪为食何, 繁殖滋生。 At present, the use of fermentation bed technology to farming, fermentation bed that principle by mixing straw, saw dust, rice husk powder and agricultural waste and manure (or mud) as a breeding litter homes, and then added to the fermentation bacteria, microbial fermentation propagation through the arch so that turning habit poultry litter thoroughly mixed and the feces, urine decomposition of organic matter and to obtain a sufficient conversion, fecal microorganisms for food digestion yet any breeding breeding. 但完全以发酵菌种来分解粪、尿中的有害物质不太彻底,比如对其中的寄生虫卵和重金属就不能很好的实现无害化处理。 But completely decomposed Fermentation feces, urine does not quite harmful substances, and heavy metals such as parasite eggs which will not achieve a good sound processing.

发明内容 SUMMARY

有鉴于此,为了解决上述问题,本发明提供一种发酵床多功能活性剂, 加入中草药成分,能杀灭虫卵,提高瘦肉产率。 In view of this, in order to solve the above problems, the present invention provides a multifunctional bed fermentation agents, herbal ingredients added, can kill eggs, increase lean meat yield.

本发明的目的是这样实现的:发酵床多功能活性剂,包括2重量份的发酵菌和如下重量份的中草药: Object of the present invention is implemented as follows: fermentation bed multifunctional active agents including 2 parts by weight of fermentative bacteria and the following parts by weight of herbs:

杜仲叶0.1-0.5、女贞子0.1-0.5、山楂0.5-2、黄芪0.5-2,桂皮0.1-0.8。 Eucommia leaf 0.1-0.5, 0.1-0.5 Ligustrum lucidum, hawthorn 0.5-2, 0.5-2 astragalus, cinnamon 0.1-0.8.

进一步,还包括甘草,所述甘草与发酵菌的重量比为0.1-0.5: 2; Further, further comprising Licorice, licorice and the weight ratio of fermentation bacteria is 0.1-0.5: 2;

进一步,还包括矿物质添加剂,所述矿物质添加剂为泥土和生石灰中的至少一种,矿物质添加剂与发酵菌的重量比为0.3-1.5: 2; Further, further comprising a mineral additive, the additive is a clay mineral and at least one of lime, mineral supplements and weight ratio of 0.3 to 1.5 fermentative bacteria: 2;

进一步,还包括食盐、大蒜和生姜,对应每2重量份的发酵菌,食盐、大蒜和生姜的用量为: Further, further comprising a salt, garlic and ginger, corresponding to fermentative bacteria, garlic and ginger amount of salt per 2 parts by weight, is:

食盐0.2-0.8、大蒜0.1-1、生姜0.1-1; 0.2-0.8 salt, garlic, 0.1-1, 0.1-1 ginger;

进一步,包括2重量份的发酵菌和如下重量份的原料: Further, 2 parts by weight of a fermentation comprising bacteria and parts by weight of the following raw materials:

杜仲叶0.3、女贞子0.3、山楂l、黄芪l、桂皮0.3、甘草Ol、泥土0.75、 生石灰0.75、食盐0.4、大蒜0.8、生姜0.8; Eucommia leaf 0.3, 0.3 Ligustrum lucidum, hawthorn L, L astragalus, 0.3 cinnamon, licorice Ol, 0.75 earth, lime 0.75, 0.4 salt, 0.8 garlic, ginger, 0.8;

进一步,所述发酵菌为土著菌; Further, the fermentative bacteria indigenous bacteria;

进一步,还包括金属钝化剂,所述金属钝化剂与发酵菌的重量比为5-15: 1, 所述金属钝化剂选自沸石、海泡石和膨润土中的至少一种; Further, further comprising a metal deactivators, metal deactivators weight of the fermentation bacteria ratio is 5-15: 1, the metal deactivator selected from zeolite, sepiolite and bentonite, at least one;

进一步,所述金属钝化剂与发酵菌的重量比为10: 1; Further, the weight of the metal deactivator fermentation bacteria ratio of 10: 1;

进一步,所述金属钝化剂包括沸石、海泡石和膨润土,沸石、海泡石和膨润土的重量比为1: 1: 1。 Further, the weight of metal deactivators include zeolite, sepiolite and bentonite, zeolite, sepiolite and bentonite ratio of 1: 1: 1.

本发明的发酵床多功能活性剂,畜禽排泄物通过发酵床发酵处理后,为种植物提供丰富的有机肥,同时发酵产生的温度为畜禽和动植物的生长创造了良好的条件;通过有益菌种和中草药,可以对畜禽排泄物进行快速发酵、分解、 吸附、杀虫、灭卵等无害化处理;所加入的中草药能起消毒的作用,同时能促进猪肠道中有益菌的增殖而促进生长,其瘦肉率可以提高15%左右;在进一步的技术方案中,发酵菌选用土著菌,土著菌容易取得,成本低,土著菌包括的菌种丰富,其中的放线菌可产生氢化并四苯环衍生物,可对粪尿重金属及抗生素进行降解和钝化处理;在进一步的技术方案中,甘草可起到调节药性的作用,进一步增强药效;在进一步的技术方案中,发酵床多功能活性剂中才使用了金属钝化剂,对粪尿中的重金属进行钝化处理。 Fermentation bed multifunctional agents of the present invention, livestock and poultry by fermentation bed fermentation process, is a rich organic fertilizer plant, while the fermentation temperature for growth of plants and animals and livestock create good conditions; by probiotics and herbs, livestock and poultry may be made to rapid fermentation, decomposition, adsorption, pesticidal, ovicidal and other harmless; herbs can be added to act as disinfection, while pigs can promote beneficial bacteria in the intestinal tract promote growth and proliferation, which can be increased about 15% lean meat; in a further aspect, the choice of fermentation bacteria indigenous bacteria, indigenous bacteria readily available, low cost, abundant indigenous bacteria, including bacteria, actinomycetes which may and generating a tetracene ring hydrogenated derivatives, may be antibiotics, heavy metals and degradation of the excreta and passivation; in a further aspect, the liquorice may play a regulatory role in the potency, efficacy is further enhanced; in a further aspect , fermentation bed multifunctional active agent used was a metal deactivator, excreta of heavy metals passivation.

本发明的其他优点、目标,和特征在某种程度上将在随后的说明书中进行阐述,并且在某种程度上,基于对下文的考察研究对本领域技术人员而言将是显而易见的,或者可以从本发明的实践中得到教导。 Additional advantages, objects, and features will be to some extent set forth in the description which follows and, in part, based on a study of the following investigation to those skilled in the art will be apparent, or may It is learned from practice of the invention. 本发明的目标和其他优点可以通过下面的说明书,权利要求书,以及附图中所特别指出的结构来实现和获得。 Other objects and advantages of the invention may be realized and obtained by the following description, claims, and drawings structure particularly pointed out.

具体实施方式 detailed description

以下将对本发明的优选实施例进行详细的描述。 The following preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail.

本发明的发酵床多功能活性剂包括发酵菌和中草药,其中发酵菌可采用现有的如多家公司商业化生产的EM菌和活力99生酵剂等,最佳的,使用土著菌, 土著菌可在落叶且腐殖质多的自然环境中采集,如阔叶树林或竹林;土著菌是多种有益微生物的混合群,包括酵母菌、放线菌、乳酸菌、芽孢菌等菌种。 Fermentation multifunctional bed according to the invention comprises an active agent and a herbal fermentation bacteria, fermentation bacteria may be employed wherein a conventional companies, such as commercial production and activity of EM 99 raw fermentation agent, optimal use of indigenous bacteria indigenous bacteria can collect leaves and humus in the natural environment, such as hardwood trees or bamboo; mixed population is the indigenous bacteria variety of beneficial microorganisms, including yeasts, actinomycetes, lactic acid bacteria, Bacillus bacteria strains. 根据需要,还可以加入金属钝化剂沸石、海泡石和膨润土,以钝化粪尿中的重金属,由于沸石对锌和铜具有良好的钝化效果,海泡石对铜和镉具有良好的钝化效果,膨润土对铅和汞具有良好的钝化效果,因此这三种原料的选择和配比可根据需要确定。 If necessary, metal deactivators may also be added to the zeolite, sepiolite and bentonite, passivating heavy metal excreta, since the zeolite has a good passivation effect of zinc and copper, has good sepiolite blunt copper and cadmium effect, bentonite having a good passivation effect of lead and mercury, and therefore these three materials and the selection ratio can be determined as required.

实施例1 Example 1

土著菌2、杜仲叶0.4、女贞子0.3、山楂1.2、黄芪0.5、桂皮0.2。 Indigenous bacteria 2, Eucommia leaf 0.4, 0.3 Ligustrum lucidum, hawthorn 1.2, 0.5 astragalus, cinnamon 0.2. 实施例2 Example 2

土著菌2、杜仲叶Ol、女贞子Ol、山楂0.5、黄芪1.5、桂皮0.8、甘草Ol、 沸石5、海泡石5、膨润土6、食盐0.2、大蒜0.5、生姜0.6、生石灰Ol、泥土0.2。 Indigenous bacteria 2, Eucommia leaf Ol, Ol Ligustrum lucidum, hawthorn 0.5, astragalus 1.5, 0.8 cinnamon, licorice Ol, 5 zeolite, sepiolite 5, 6 bentonite, sodium chloride 0.2, 0.5 garlic, ginger 0.6, Ol lime, clay 0.2 .

实施例3 Example 3

土著菌2、杜仲叶0.5、女贞子0.5、山楂2、黄芪2、桂皮Ol、沸石8、甘草0.5、海泡石10、膨润土8、食盐0.8、大蒜l、生姜Ol、生石灰0.75、泥土0.75。 Indigenous bacteria 2, Eucommia leaf 0.5, 0.5 Ligustrum lucidum, hawthorn 2, 2 astragalus, cinnamon Ol, 8 zeolite, licorice 0.5, 10 sepiolite, bentonite 8, 0.8 salt, L garlic, ginger Ol, 0.75 lime, clay 0.75 .

实施例4 Example 4

土著菌2、杜仲叶0.3、女贞子0.3、山楂l、黄芪l、桂皮0.4、甘草0.2、 沸石6.67、海泡石6.67、膨润土6.67、食盐0.5、大蒜Ol、生姜1、生石灰0.5、 泥土0.5。 Indigenous bacteria 2, Eucommia leaf 0.3, 0.3 Ligustrum lucidum, hawthorn L, L astragalus, 0.4 cinnamon, licorice 0.2, zeolites 6.67, 6.67 sepiolite, bentonite 6.67, 0.5 salt, Ol garlic, ginger, lime 0.5, 0.5 earth .

上述实施例的发酵床多功能活性剂使用剂量以占垫料重量百分比为0.5-2% 为佳,最佳1%。 Fermentation bed above embodiments multifunctional active agent dose to account for dunnage preferably 0.5-2% by weight of, preferably from 1%. 经过试验,上述实施例的发酵床多功能活性剂使用后,猪的痩肉率可以提高15%左右,同时不易生病,金属钝化剂可使发酵床中可交换态的重金属含量减少80°/。 After testing, the above-described embodiment, the fermentation bed multifunctional active agent, the rate Shou pig meat can be increased about 15%, at the same time easy to get sick, metal deactivators can heavy metal content of exchangeable fermentation bed reduction 80 ° / . . 加入生石灰和泥土,可增加矿物质,促进菌种生长。 And quick lime mud, minerals increased, promoting the growth of bacteria.

本发明的发酵床多功能活性剂除用于发酵床之外,亦可直接加入飼料,对饲料进行发酵处理,可起到消毒作用,发酵产生的菌抹亦可食用,节约饲料。 Fermentation bed multifunctional agents of the present invention except for the addition to the fermentation bed can also be added directly to the feed, to feed the fermentation process, can play a role in disinfection, bacteria fermentation can wipe food, feed savings. 以上所述仅为本发明的优选实施例,并不用于限制本发明,显然,本领域 The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention is not intended to limit the present invention, be apparent to those

这样,倘若本发明的这些修改和变型属于本发明权利要求及其等同技术的范围之内,则本发明的意图包含这些改动和变型在内。 Is intended, if these modifications and variations of the present invention fall within the claims of the invention and the scope of equivalents thereof, the present invention cover these modifications and variations.

6 6

Claims (9)

  1. 1. 发酵床多功能活性剂,其特征在于:包括2重量份的发酵菌和如下重量份的中草药:杜仲叶0. 1-0.5、女贞子0.1-0.5、山楂0.5-2、黄芪0.5-2,桂皮0.1-0.8。 1. fermentation bed multifunctional active agent, characterized by: comprising 2 parts by weight of fermentative bacteria and parts by weight of the following Chinese herbal medicine: 0. 1-0.5 leaf Eucommia, Ligustrum lucidum 0.1-0.5, 0.5-2 hawthorn, astragalus 0.5 2, cinnamon 0.1-0.8.
  2. 2. 如权利要求1所述的发酵床多功能活性剂,其特征在于:还包括甘草, 所述甘草与发酵菌的重量比为0.1-0.5: 2。 2. The multifunctional agents of the fermentation bed as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: further comprising Licorice, licorice and the weight ratio of fermentation bacteria is 0.1-0.5: 2.
  3. 3. 如权利要求2所述的发酵床多功能活性剂,其特征在于:还包括矿物质添加剂,所述矿物质添加剂为泥土和生石灰中的至少一种,矿物质添加剂与发酵菌的重量比为0.3-1.5: 2。 3. The multifunctional agents of the fermentation bed as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that: further comprises a mineral additive, said at least one mineral additive, by weight of mineral additive to the fermentation of bacteria in the soil and the ratio of quicklime 0.3 to 1.5: 2.
  4. 4. 如权利要求3所述的发酵床多功能活性剂,其特征在于:还包括食盐、 大蒜和生姜,对应每2重量份的发酵菌,食盐、大蒜和生姜的用量为:食盐0.2-0.8、大蒜0.1-1、生姜0.1-1。 4. The multifunctional agents of the fermentation bed as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that: further comprising a salt, garlic and ginger, corresponding to fermentative bacteria salt, garlic and ginger used per 2 parts by weight, is: 0.2-0.8 salt , 0.1-1 garlic, ginger 0.1-1.
  5. 5. 如权利要求4所述的发酵床多功能活性剂,其特征在于:包括2重量份的发酵菌和如下重量份的原料:杜仲叶0.3、女贞子0.3、山楂l、黄荒l、桂皮0.3、甘草Ol、泥土l、生石灰l、食盐0.4、大蒜0.8、生姜0.8。 5. Multifunctional fermentation bed an active agent according to claim 4, characterized in that: comprising 2 parts by weight of fermentative bacteria and the following raw materials by weight: 0.3 Eucommia leaf, Ligustrum lucidum 0.3, hawthorn L, Huang L shortage, 0.3 cinnamon, licorice Ol, soil L, L lime, sodium chloride 0.4, 0.8 garlic, ginger 0.8.
  6. 6. 如权利要求1至5中任一项所述的发酵床多功能活性剂,其特征在于: 所述发酵菌为土著菌。 6. 1-5 fermentation bed multifunctional active agent according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that: said fermentative bacteria indigenous bacteria.
  7. 7. 如权利要求1至5中任一项所述的发酵床多功能活性剂,其特征在于: 还包括金属钝化剂,所述金属钝化剂与发酵菌的重量比为5-15: 1,所述金属钝化剂为沸石、海泡石和膨润土中的至少一种。 7. 1-5 fermentation bed multifunctional active agent according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that: further comprising by weight of metal deactivators, metal deactivators and the fermentative bacteria ratio of 5-15: 1, the metal deactivator is at least one zeolite, sepiolite, and bentonite.
  8. 8. 如权利要求7所述的发酵床多功能活性剂,其特征在于:所述金属钝化剂与发酵菌的重量比为10: 1。 8. fermentation bed multifunctional active agent according to claim 7, wherein: said metal deactivators fermentative bacteria weight ratio of 10: 1.
  9. 9. 如权利要求7所述的发酵床多功能活性剂,其特征在于:所述金属钝化剂包括沸石、海泡石和膨润土,沸石、海泡石和膨润土的重量比为1: 1: 1。 9. fermentation bed multifunctional active agent according to claim 7, wherein: the weight ratio of metal deactivators include zeolites, sepiolite and bentonite, zeolite, sepiolite, and bentonite of 1: 1: 1.
CN 200910103700 2009-04-27 2009-04-27 Multifunction active agent of fermentation beds CN101543194B (en)

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CN103088010A (en) * 2011-11-04 2013-05-08 湖南泰谷生物科技有限责任公司 Biological health padding and preparation method thereof
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CN103238528A (en) * 2013-04-19 2013-08-14 凤台县咏梅农牧技术服务有限公司 Active agent for fermentation bed for pigs
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CN104054588A (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-09-24 芜湖诚德农业科技有限公司 Preparation method of spring and summer black small-eared pig biological fermentation bed padding
CN104351067A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-02-18 安徽万利生态园林景观有限公司 Novel pig house paddings for fast fattening and preparation method of padding bed thereof
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