CN101543178A - Environment-friendly method for drought-resistant afforestation on sandy land - Google Patents

Environment-friendly method for drought-resistant afforestation on sandy land Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101543178A
CN101543178A CN200910022240A CN200910022240A CN101543178A CN 101543178 A CN101543178 A CN 101543178A CN 200910022240 A CN200910022240 A CN 200910022240A CN 200910022240 A CN200910022240 A CN 200910022240A CN 101543178 A CN101543178 A CN 101543178A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
hole
plantation
irrigation
sand
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Granted
Application number
CN200910022240A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101543178B (en
Inventor
张海
易永华
杨荣惠
马义旻
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Northwest A&F University
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Northwest A&F University
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Priority to CN2009100222400A priority Critical patent/CN101543178B/en
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Publication of CN101543178B publication Critical patent/CN101543178B/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/40Afforestation or reforestation

Abstract

The invention discloses an environment-friendly method for drought-resistant afforestation on sandy land, which comprises the following steps: (1) excavating planting pits on sandy land and determining the concentration of the pits according to local rainfall; (2) laying a layer of degradable plastic film at the bottom of each pit, scattering a layer of crop straw on the film, and planting saplings; (3) covering degradable agricultural films after planting, covering sand on the films, and excavating an irrigation hole at the lowest concave position; (4) preparing diammonium phosphate water solution to be filled in an irrigation tank, and leading water to the irrigation hole through a water-leading pipe; and (5) in watering the saplings, inserting the outlet of an irrigation pipe into the irrigation hole, opening a water-control valve to irrigate, and controlling the flow rate at a certain speed.

Description

A kind of environment-friendly method for drought-resistant afforestation on sandy land
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of environment-friendly method for drought-resistant afforestation on sandy land.
Background technology
The sand ground soil particle is big, and is dry barren, and rainfall very easily descends seepage flow to lose, cause soil moisture to wane, and soil moisture wane be the restriction growth of young plantations principal element, often cause survival rate low, tree growth is slow, and standing forest nature updating ability reduces, and the economic forest benefit is not high.Through data consultation as can be known, the sand ground afforestation technology of various places popularization in recent years, as: big fish scale pit sand ground afforestation technology, sand ground afforestation film coating technique etc. all is that sand ground is simply repaired, and is beneficial to hold back or defaulted rainfall, because it is with low content of technology, the following problem of ubiquity:
1. the water conservation measure is bad, in plant back or during economic forest fosters of treelet, water based on direct hole irrigation, the sand ground water evaporates is strong in addition owing to there is not the water conservation measure, cause moisture loss rapid, can not satisfy sapling growth long-term needs, both cause large quantity of moisture waste, effect bad moisture.
2. not according to the growing area rainfall what,, cause the moisture undersupply, influence arboreal growth, cause the nature updating ability not strong according to the rational planting density of the different arrangement of seeds.
3. sand ground is barren unusually, does not supplement the nutrients timely in the sapling up-growth phase, causes undergrowth.
4. the sand ground overlay film afforestation of some places popularization is in recent years all adopted ordinary agricultural membrane, and the degradable degree is low, usually causes the sand ground secondary pollution.
Summary of the invention
According to problem or the deficiency that above-mentioned prior art exists, the purpose of this invention is to provide and a kind ofly can reduce water evaporates effectively, save the used water resource of drip irrigation, can avoid the sand ground method for drought-resistant afforestation of plastic film secondary pollution again.
For reaching above purpose, the present invention takes following technical scheme to be achieved:
A kind of environment-friendly method for drought-resistant afforestation on sandy land is characterized in that:
(1) excavation plantation hole on sand ground, its density is decided according to the difference of local rainfall, and plantation hole pitted surface is the level of state, the edge, hole of dispatching workers to do on-site repairs;
(2), ooze under dividing to prevent water at plantation hole lower floor shop one deck degradation plastic counterdie; On the degradation plastic counterdie, lay one deck agricultural crop straw increasing soil organic matter content, after the treelet of planting;
(3) on the earthing of plantation hole, lay one deck degradation plastic overlay film, stop up sand on the film, on film, make a call to an irrigation hole simultaneously, obturage at ordinary times, prevent sand moisture invalid evaporation;
(4) each plantation hole all is provided with the pouring pipe of water control valve, and treelet is watered when fostering, and water collect tank will water to pour water by the aqueduct that links to each other with the pouring pipe and cause the plantation hole, carry out under-film drip irrigation by irrigation hole.
In the such scheme, described plantation pit density is: during local annual rainfall≤400mm is 4m * 4m; When local annual rainfall 〉=400mm less than 3m * 3m.The diameter in puddle is cheated or watered to described plantation greater than 1m.The thickness of described agricultural crop straw is 10-20cm.The described phosphoric acid diamines of pouring water and containing concentration≤0.05% that waters.
Sand ground environmental protection drought resisting forestation forest cultivation method of the present invention is applicable to waters after sand ground is planted trees and the fostering of arid season sand ground woods.Both can effectively reduce the moisture waste and improve the treelet survival rate, can reduce the pollution of environment again.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the enforcement schematic diagram of method of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the tree planting pouring schematic diagram in one of them plantation hole of Fig. 1.
Among Fig. 1, Fig. 2: the 1-water collect tank; The 2-hole that plants trees; The 3-aqueduct; 4-waters pipe: the 5-water control valve; 6-degradation plastic counterdie: 7-drip irrigation hole; 8-degradation plastic overlay film: 9-sand; 10, agricultural crop straw; 11, sand.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments.
Embodiment
Shown in Figure 2 as Fig. 1, on sand ground, build the hole 2 that plants trees, cheat dark 1m, footpath, hole 1m, the ridge, the high 0.2m in the ridge are built in the ridging of limit, hole.Its density is decided according to the difference of local rainfall, if local annual rainfall≤400mm, its density is advisable with 3m * 3m; If rainfall 〉=400mm then density is advisable with 3m * 2m.Before planting trees, at the hole 2 lower floors shop one deck degradation plastic counterdie 6 of planting trees, spread the thick agricultural crop straw 10 of 10-20cm then, to increase soil organic matter content and savings moisture, the living apricot sapling of the 1a that plants, cover sand 11 after planting, the earthing face is than the low 20cm in the ridge, hole, lay degradation plastic overlay film 8 on it, with husky 9 compactings, make a call to 7 one in a diameter 0.5cm drip irrigation hole at degradation plastic overlay film 8 pockets, to contain concentration by water-supply-pipe 3 from water collect tank 1 is that 0.05% diammonium phosphate nutrient solution causes the drip irrigation pipe 4 that is arranged on each hole that plants trees, drip irrigation pipe 4 is inserted in the irrigation hole 7, and the water control valve 5 of opening installation on drip irrigation pipe 4 carries out drip irrigation, drips 80~100 of fast per minutes and gets final product.

Claims (5)

1, a kind of environment-friendly method for drought-resistant afforestation on sandy land is characterized in that:
(1) excavation plantation hole on sand ground, its density is decided according to the difference of local rainfall, and plantation hole pitted surface is the level of state, the edge, hole of dispatching workers to do on-site repairs;
(2), ooze under dividing to prevent water at plantation hole lower floor shop one deck degradation plastic counterdie; On the degradation plastic counterdie, lay one deck agricultural crop straw increasing soil organic matter content, after the treelet of planting;
(3) on the earthing in plantation hole, lay one deck degradation plastic overlay film, stop up sand on the film, on film, make a call to an irrigation hole simultaneously, obturage at ordinary times, prevent sand moisture invalid evaporation;
(4) each plantation hole all is provided with the pouring pipe of water control valve, and treelet is watered when fostering, and water collect tank will water to pour water by the aqueduct that links to each other with the pouring pipe and cause the plantation hole, carry out under-film drip irrigation by irrigation hole.
2, sand ground environmental protection drought resisting forestation forest cultivation method as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described plantation pit density is: during local annual rainfall≤400mm is 4m * 4m; When local annual rainfall 〉=400mm less than 3m * 3m.
3, sand ground environmental protection drought resisting forestation forest cultivation method as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that, the diameter in puddle is cheated or watered to described plantation greater than 1m.
4, sand ground environmental protection drought resisting forestation forest cultivation method as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that the thickness of described agricultural crop straw is 10-20cm.
5, sand ground environmental protection drought resisting forestation forest cultivation method as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that, the described phosphoric acid diamines of pouring water and containing concentration≤0.05% that waters.
CN2009100222400A 2009-04-28 2009-04-28 Environment-friendly method for drought-resistant afforestation on sandy land Expired - Fee Related CN101543178B (en)

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CN2009100222400A CN101543178B (en) 2009-04-28 2009-04-28 Environment-friendly method for drought-resistant afforestation on sandy land

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100222400A CN101543178B (en) 2009-04-28 2009-04-28 Environment-friendly method for drought-resistant afforestation on sandy land

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CN101543178A true CN101543178A (en) 2009-09-30
CN101543178B CN101543178B (en) 2011-12-28

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101960976A (en) * 2010-02-04 2011-02-02 张春平 Planting method by using degradable moisturizing membranes
CN102487779A (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-06-13 曹世雄 Leakage-resisting draught-resisting afforestation method
CN102626046A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-08-08 新疆林业科学院 Forestation method by drilling hole for promoting rapid growth of root system
CN102626045A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-08-08 新疆林业科学院 Root-rapid-growth afforestation method by digging
CN102907293A (en) * 2012-11-01 2013-02-06 林平 Tree planting method of utilizing earth surface type drought-resistant tree-planting black film funnel
CN103262775A (en) * 2013-04-24 2013-08-28 北京正和恒基滨水生态环境治理股份有限公司 Method for planting trees in desert environment
CN103430810A (en) * 2013-09-06 2013-12-11 周志成 Method for planting trees in desert
CN103583172A (en) * 2013-10-09 2014-02-19 东南大学 Planting structure in arid desert regions and planting method of planting structure
CN103583304A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-02-19 固镇县淮鸿灰天鹅养殖专业合作社 Forestation method for fighting drought
CN104196006A (en) * 2014-08-30 2014-12-10 武汉橄石代环境资源科技有限公司 Desertification soil treatment method
CN104521685A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-22 黄俊柳 Technology for planting trees in dry land in water-saving mode
CN104904541A (en) * 2015-05-24 2015-09-16 黄胜 Star anise tree planting method promoting high yield
CN106105668A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-16 无锡南理工科技发展有限公司 The utilization of Sandy Soil and modification method
CN106576477A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-04-26 安庆市鼎升环保科技有限公司 Method for controlling desertified soil by utilizing environment-friendly straw vegetation carpets

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101960976A (en) * 2010-02-04 2011-02-02 张春平 Planting method by using degradable moisturizing membranes
CN102487779A (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-06-13 曹世雄 Leakage-resisting draught-resisting afforestation method
CN102626046A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-08-08 新疆林业科学院 Forestation method by drilling hole for promoting rapid growth of root system
CN102626046B (en) * 2012-04-27 2013-07-31 新疆林业科学院 Forestation method by drilling hole for promoting rapid growth of root system
CN102626045A (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-08-08 新疆林业科学院 Root-rapid-growth afforestation method by digging
CN102907293A (en) * 2012-11-01 2013-02-06 林平 Tree planting method of utilizing earth surface type drought-resistant tree-planting black film funnel
CN103262775B (en) * 2013-04-24 2015-01-07 北京正和恒基滨水生态环境治理股份有限公司 Method for planting trees in desert environment
CN103262775A (en) * 2013-04-24 2013-08-28 北京正和恒基滨水生态环境治理股份有限公司 Method for planting trees in desert environment
CN103430810A (en) * 2013-09-06 2013-12-11 周志成 Method for planting trees in desert
CN103583172A (en) * 2013-10-09 2014-02-19 东南大学 Planting structure in arid desert regions and planting method of planting structure
CN103583172B (en) * 2013-10-09 2015-12-02 东南大学 A kind of arid arid area pattern of farming and implantation methods thereof
CN103583304A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-02-19 固镇县淮鸿灰天鹅养殖专业合作社 Forestation method for fighting drought
CN104196006A (en) * 2014-08-30 2014-12-10 武汉橄石代环境资源科技有限公司 Desertification soil treatment method
CN104196006B (en) * 2014-08-30 2016-06-29 武汉橄石代环境资源科技有限公司 Desertification soil remediation method
CN104521685A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-22 黄俊柳 Technology for planting trees in dry land in water-saving mode
CN104904541A (en) * 2015-05-24 2015-09-16 黄胜 Star anise tree planting method promoting high yield
CN106105668A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-16 无锡南理工科技发展有限公司 The utilization of Sandy Soil and modification method
CN106576477A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-04-26 安庆市鼎升环保科技有限公司 Method for controlling desertified soil by utilizing environment-friendly straw vegetation carpets

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