CN101543168B - Method for planting vegetation on the karst area slope - Google Patents

Method for planting vegetation on the karst area slope Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101543168B
CN101543168B CN2009103021776A CN200910302177A CN101543168B CN 101543168 B CN101543168 B CN 101543168B CN 2009103021776 A CN2009103021776 A CN 2009103021776A CN 200910302177 A CN200910302177 A CN 200910302177A CN 101543168 B CN101543168 B CN 101543168B
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Prior art keywords
net
parts
plant
waveform
slope
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009103021776A
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CN101543168A (en
Inventor
晁建强
晁建刚
李全丽
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Guizhou Bianpo Institute Of Ecological Protection Co Ltd
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Guizhou Bianpo Institute Of Ecological Protection Co Ltd
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    • Y02P60/216

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for planting vegetation on the karst area slope, comprising: laying and fixing a wave shape plant-growing net with meshes on the slope surface, wherein the wave shape plant-growing net can be formed by connecting a surface layer net and a wave shape net and also can be formed by connecting the surface layer net, the wave shape net and the bottom layer net; spraying the artificial soil for the shrub slope protection in the karst area on the wave shape plant-growing net by a mechanical or an artificial operation method, and spraying the plant growth substrate mixed with the plant seeds on the top of the artificial soil by a sprayer. The invention lays the wave shape plant-growing net with the meshes on the shrub slope protection in the karst area, therefore, the sprayed artificial soil and seeds during laying the planting substrate can absorb in the wave shape plant-growing net with the meshes. The invention provides an adhesion platform for the artificial soil and seeds to ensure the root system expansion during plant growth, promotes the construction speed and saves the construction cost.

Description

A kind of method in karst area slope plantation vegetation
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method of planting vegetation, particularly a kind of method in karst area slope plantation vegetation.
Background technology
Karst landform is meant that the solubility rock receives the corrosion of water and the formed various landforms of following of mechanism, extensively is distributed with karst landform on Guangxi of China, Guizhou, Yunnan and other places.In recent years,, cause karst landform to form a large amount of bare side slopings along with large-scale engineering construction and mining, produced in a large number can't restore vegetation geotechnical slope, cover in its surperficial natural restore vegetation in a short time and possibly realize hardly; Existing slope project reinforcement measure is pursued the intensity effect more, adopts grey protection such as stone-laying and pneumatically placed concrete mostly, has destroyed the harmony of natural, ecological like this.Along with people's is to the attention of ecological environmental protection and the further increase of China's economic strength, and the slope vegetation protection engineering also has been applied in the middle of the engineering construction gradually, like Chinese patent number is to have introduced the composite fibre construction method in a kind of high order granule series greening in 200510032542.8 the patent; Comprise wire netting launched by slope top to the end, slope, draw be hung on domatic, the laying wire netting that the top is fixed with the Bower Anchor firmware; Setting anchoring piece according to domatic form, add and be made as the basal disc that the nutrition basal disc adheres to adhere to platform on crag is domatic, is pure natural fiber 1000-1600 gram according to the quality of every square metre of construction surface; Humus 800-1000 gram; High order granule agent 25-35 gram, pure natural clay agent 30-45 gram, seed 120-150 gram; Fertilizer 150-200 restrains nutrition basal disc fully, and five steps of nutrition basal disc of sowing grass seeds by duster.Utilize construction method of the present invention, can have efficient recovery to expose sloping body vegetation, reach and purify air, reduce dust content, conserve water and soil, purify and water conservation, the purpose of protection bio-diversity.Above-mentioned construction procedure: clear up domatic, hang net, make the nutrition basal disc, the seed of sowing grass seeds by duster is widely used.But said method is promoted in the karst and is also had following problem; The domatic gradient in 1 karst is bigger; The characteristics that rock is more; Existing technical method carries out vegetation on the karst side slope, can't vegetation tightly be adsorbed on domaticly, domatic vegetation is grown preferably though vegetation is adsorbed on; 2 also exist speed of application slow in practical process, and the artificial soil cost is high, nutrition basal disc manufacturing speed is slow, and construction is dangerous, uneconomical problem such as be suitable for.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention will solve is; Provide that a kind of speed of application is fast, the artificial soil cost is low, economic and practical; It is domatic that vegetation tightly is attached to; The method in karst area slope plantation vegetation of growing environment preferably can be provided for the growth of vegetation again, can overcome the deficiency of prior art.
Technical scheme of the present invention; Before plantation, clear up side slope surface earlier, accomplish the plantation of vegetation then through following steps
A, on side slope surface, lay and the waveform of fixed band mesh is planted living net; Waveform is planted living net and is interconnected by surface layer net and waveform net and constitute, and also can be interconnected by surface layer net, waveform net and underlying network to constitute;
B, with machinery or manual work shrub slope protection in karst area is sprayed to waveform with artificial soil and plant living net, and make artificial soil stick to waveform to plant and give birth to online thickness and reach 3~8.0cm;
C, the plant growth medium of using the machine of sowing grass seeds by duster will be mixed with plant seed are sprayed on the artificial soil top, and the thickness that is mixed with the plant growth medium of plant seed is 1~2.0cm.
Used shrub slope protection in karst area is processed than raw material by following weight with artificial soil
20~50 parts of wood fibres, 5~12 parts of fertilizers, 300~600 parts in nutrition soil, 0.02~0.03 part in seed, 450~650 parts in water, 0.1~0.5 part of water-loss reducer, 0.2~0.5 part in adhesive, 24~35 parts of phosphorus ore slags, 0.2~0.5 part in bactericide.
The used plant growth medium that is mixed with plant seed is processed than raw material by following weight
40~75 parts of wood fibres, 8~15 parts of fertilizers, 300~500 parts in nutrition soil, 450~650 parts in water, 50~90 parts in humus, 0.2~0.6 part of water-loss reducer, 0.2~0.6 part in adhesive, 24~35 parts of phosphorus ore slags, 0.2~0.7 part in bactericide, 0.2~0.6 part in seed.
The wavelength of waveform net is 3~15.0cm, and amplitude is 3~15.0cm.
The mesh specification of waveform net and surface layer net is 3~8.0cm * 3~8.0cm.
Underlying network mesh specification is 3~15.0cm * 3~15.0cm.
Used seed is the shrub seeds for suitable local climate condition, like Coriaria sinica, akeake 、 Xun, chrysanthemum Chinese scholartree, locust tree, shrub lespedeza, horse sour jujube, pigeonpea, spend more lily magnolia etc.
Compare with prior art; The present invention plants living net through the waveform of on karst area slope, laying the band mesh; Waveform is planted the effect that living net has possessed existing wire netting and nutrition basal disc simultaneously; Give birth to artificial soil of sowing grass seeds by duster when net is laid artificial soil and the waveform that seed just can tightly be adsorbed on the band mesh and plant in living the net planting like this with machinery or manual work normal direction waveform; For artificial soil and seed provide one to adhere to flat surface, the expansion of root system during with better assurance plant growing is for the growth of vegetation is laid a solid foundation; The waveform of band mesh is planted living net and is also played the tenesmus of prevention finger stone, guarantees the safety of side slope people from lower end and thing.The waveform of band mesh is planted living net and is interconnected by surface layer net and waveform net and constitute, and also can be interconnected by surface layer net, waveform net and underlying network to constitute; Such structure fabrication is more convenient, and weight is lighter, and soil adheres to, and the space is big, adhesion effect good; Existing relatively construction technology can be practiced thrift the engineering time greatly, increased work efficiency and effect.The wavelength of waveform net is 3~15.0cm; Amplitude is 3~15.0cm; The mesh specification of waveform net, surface layer net is 3~8.0cm * 3~8.0cm; Underlying network mesh specification is 3~15.0cm * 3~15.0cm, and above-mentioned data size is that the applicant obtains after overtesting and test, and the adjustment of its size amplitude can be adjusted according to the gradient of karst bank protection.
Used artificial soil is a primary raw material with the nutrition soil of in-site collecting; Add a certain amount of wood fibre, fertilizer, seed, water, water-loss reducer, adhesive, phosphorus ore slag and bactericide again; Wood fibre can play the effect of chesson; Fertilizer is that the germination of seed is grown up fertility is provided, and the small quantities of seed of sneaking into works the usefulness of filling the gaps with seedlings when can the plant growth medium that is mixed with plant seed above artificial soil coming off, and increases emergence rate; Nutrition soil, wood fibre, fertilizer, seed and water are mixed according to quantity; Putting into quantitative water-loss reducer, adhesive, phosphorus ore slag, bactericide again mixes; The preparation artificial soil is thick like this; Thick artificial soil is planted to have through machinery or manual work method and just can further improve artificial soil and waveform behind the karst area slope of planting living member and plant and give birth to the net adhesiving effect, is the basis that the growth of seed brings reliable and stable, and existing relatively moist soil commonly used can more effectively be resisted weathering and wind erosion property; Prevent erosion, for plant growing provides growth platform.Do not use the agent of high order granule in the artificial soil, (because of the agent of high order granule can't be promoted the use of at present at all) so very significantly can reduce cost; The use of adhesive can further increase adhesive ability of the present invention, guarantees the environment that the plant early growth is required; The solid slag that the phosphorus ore slag produces when being meant in production process of phosphoric acid with sulfuric acid treating phosphorite, its composition has quartz, undecomposed apatite, insoluble P 2O 5, eutectic P 2O 5, fluoride and fluorine, aluminium, magnesium phosphate and the water-soluble P of sulphate 2O 5Fluoride that solvability is lower and sulphate; Using not only of phosphorus ore slag can provide certain phosphate fertilizer as the early growth of plant, and the phosphorus ore slag in sulphate can play certain hydrophobic effect, the excessive moisture in the artificial soil of sowing grass seeds by duster on planting living member is broken away from fast; Formation granular structure each other adheres to each other after the artificial soil water content is reduced; The phosphorus ore slag is a kind of unmanageable production waste residue at present simultaneously, and use of the present invention can reduce the accumulation of phosphorus ore slag, reduces the phosphorus ore slag to environment damage.The used article of used plant growth medium that is mixed with plant seed and artificial soil are basic identical; But in order to increase its fertilizer efficiency, loosing soil degree; Hydrophobic and adhesion effect has increased the consumption of respective articles, and the used amount of each article all is that the applicant passes through gained behind a large amount of experiment tests; Used seed more options are fit to local climate condition, the shrub, particularly well developed root system that are easy to grow, shrub and indigenous plant that the soil and slope protection ability is strong.Invent simultaneously more laborsaving in when construction, save time; Experiment and the monitoring a large amount of according to the inventor; The present invention is easy to form the soil layer of planting of 3~8.0cm at karst area slope, uses that the shrub seeds germination rate is up to 75% in the karst, and plant normal growth is after 1 year; Root system of plant has penetrated rock crevice, shrub survival rate>=50%, vegetation coverage>=85%, damage by disease and insect rate≤1% that causes disaster; The existing relatively method in karst side slope plantation vegetation has better applicability and promotional value.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of waveform plate from plant wastes of the present invention.
Embodiment
Embodiment: cleaning is domatic earlier
Thoroughly domatic float stone, danger stone and the l fraction of easy landing of cleaning, thoroughly remove domatic rubbish, weeds etc. and hinder the foreign material that growth substrate adheres to.Will domatic cleaning to neat smooth state, roughly domaticly be more suitable for that base material adheres to and plant growing for a short time.Recessed greatly is domatic, can suitably insert the woven bag of some dress composts.
A, laying waveform are planted living net
Waveform is planted the effect that living net has possessed existing wire netting and nutrition basal disc simultaneously; Artificial soil of when laying plantation matrix, sowing grass seeds by duster like this and seed are planted with regard to the waveform that can be adsorbed on the band mesh and are given birth in the net; For artificial soil and seed provide one to adhere to flat surface; The expansion of root system during with better assurance plant growing is for the growth of vegetation is laid a solid foundation; The order that the shop hangs is served as reasons the top, slope to the end, slope, and the shop hanging method is planted living net unfolding for artificial with waveform, draw be hung on domatic; Fix with anchoring piece; It is stable that its shop is hung, and waveform is planted living net and interconnected by surface layer net 1 and waveform net 2 and constitute, and also can be interconnected by surface layer net 1, waveform net 2 and underlying network 3 to constitute (like Fig. 1); The wavelength of waveform net 2 is 3~15cm; Amplitude is 3~15cm, and the mesh specification of waveform net 2 and surface layer net 1 is 3~8cm * 3~8cm, and underlying network 3 mesh specifications are 3~15cm * 3~15cm.Fixed waveform is planted the anchoring piece of giving birth to net and is divided into Bower Anchor firmware and time anchoring piece; Bower Anchor spare has irony and wooden two kinds; The end of Bower Anchor firmware need be done sharpening and handled; Wherein the irony anchoring piece is screw-thread steel or the round steel of ∮ 16, and wooden anchoring piece is the hard timber of ∮ more than 35, and anchoring piece length is according to the different adjustment of flintiness of domatic rock; Inferior anchoring piece is an irony, and specification is ∮ 10 screw-thread steels or round steel, and inferior hard and soft matter scar length should extend.Setting according to domatic structure and flatness of anchoring piece decide, 1 of the general average every square meter of Bower Anchor firmware, and the average every square meter 3-6 of inferior anchoring piece is individual.
B, the time of sowing grass seeds by duster are for selecting suitable sowing grass seeds by duster the time according to selected floristics.At first plant and give birth to the artificial soil of sowing grass seeds by duster on the net to waveform; Used artificial soil is processed than raw material by following weight, 20~50 parts of wood fibres, 5~12 parts of fertilizers, 300~600 parts in nutrition soil, 0.02~0.03 part in seed, 450~650 parts in water, 0.1~0.5 part of water-loss reducer, 0.2~0.5 part in adhesive, 24~35 parts of phosphorus ore slags, 0.2~0.5 part in bactericide.The step of preparation process of artificial soil is for earlier mixing half an hour approximately with 20~50 parts of wood fibres, 5~12 parts of fertilizers, 300~600 parts in nutrition soil, 0.02~0.03 part in seed, 450~650 parts in water, the blending tank of pouring the equipment of sowing grass seeds by duster into, 0.1~0.5 part of water-loss reducer, 0.2~0.5 part in adhesive, 24~35 parts of phosphorus ore slags, 0.2~0.5 part of blending tank of pouring the equipment of sowing grass seeds by duster into of bactericide mixed in preceding 3 to 5 minutes sowing grass seeds by duster then; Sow grass seeds by duster and carry out from the front as far as possible, but avoid direct projection, jog and dead angle part will give one's full attention to; Sowing grass seeds by duster thickness should be even as far as possible; But emphasis should be arranged, and gush in good place planting carded sliver spare, badly locates to spray thicker planting carded sliver spare; The average thickness of sowing grass seeds by duster should reach about 5 centimeters, and domatic covering should be even.
C, the plant growth medium that will be mixed with plant seed with the manual work or the machine of sowing grass seeds by duster are sprayed on the artificial soil top; The used plant growth medium that is mixed with plant seed is processed than raw material by following weight, 40~75 parts of wood fibres, 8~15 parts of fertilizers, 300~500 parts in nutrition soil, 450~650 parts in water, 50~90 parts in humus, 0.2~0.6 part of water-loss reducer, 0.2~0.6 part in adhesive, 24~35 parts of phosphorus ore slags, 0.2~0.7 part in bactericide, 0.2~0.6 part in seed.Its step of preparation process is earlier 30~60 parts of wood fibres, 8~15 parts of fertilizers, 300~500 parts in nutrition soil, 450~650 parts in water, 50~90 parts in humus, 0.2~0.6 part of blending tank of pouring the equipment of sowing grass seeds by duster into of seed to be mixed half an hour approximately, is sowing grass seeds by duster preceding 3 to 5 minutes with 0.2~0.6 part of water-loss reducer, 0.2~0.6 part in adhesive, 24~35 parts of phosphorus ore slags, 0.2~0.7 part of blending tank mixing of pouring the equipment of sowing grass seeds by duster into of bactericide then.The mode of sowing grass seeds by duster and the artificial soil mode of sowing grass seeds by duster is identical, 1~2.0cm of thickness.
Artificial soil is polyacrylate or polyvinyl alcohol with the used water-loss reducer of plant growth medium that is mixed with plant seed; Used adhesive is polyvinyl alcohol, carboxymethyl cellulose, vinyl acetate resin or acrylic resin; Used bactericide is a systemic fungicide, and used seed is the shrub seeds of suitable local climate condition, like Coriaria sinica, akeake 、 Xun, chrysanthemum Chinese scholartree, locust tree, shrub lespedeza, horse sour jujube, pigeonpea, spend more lily magnolia etc.After accomplishing above-mentioned work, regularly the plantation vegetation is nursed.

Claims (5)

1. the method in karst area slope plantation vegetation is cleared up side slope surface earlier before plantation, it is characterized in that: its further comprising the steps of plantation of accomplishing vegetation,
A, on side slope surface, lay and the waveform of fixed band mesh is planted living net; Waveform is planted living net and is interconnected formation by surface layer net (1) and waveform net (2), also can interconnect formation by surface layer net (1), waveform net (2) and underlying network (3);
B, with machinery or manual work shrub slope protection in karst area is sprayed to waveform with artificial soil and plant living net, and make artificial soil stick to waveform to plant and give birth to online thickness and reach 3~8cm;
C, the plant growth medium of using the machine of sowing grass seeds by duster will be mixed with plant seed are sprayed on the artificial soil top, and the thickness that is mixed with the plant growth medium of plant seed is 1~2cm;
Used shrub slope protection in karst area is processed than raw material by following weight with artificial soil:
20~50 parts of wood fibres, 5~12 parts of fertilizers, 300~600 parts in nutrition soil, 0.02~0.03 part in seed, 450~650 parts in water, 0.1~0.5 part of water-loss reducer, 0.2~0.5 part in adhesive, 24~35 parts of phosphorus ore slags, 0.2~0.5 part in bactericide;
The used plant growth medium that is mixed with plant seed is processed than raw material by following weight:
40~75 parts of wood fibres, 8~15 parts of fertilizers, 300~500 parts in nutrition soil, 450~650 parts in water, 50~90 parts in humus, 0.2~0.6 part of water-loss reducer, 0.2~0.6 part in adhesive, 24~35 parts of phosphorus ore slags, 0.2~0.7 part in bactericide, 0.2~0.6 part in seed.
2. the method in karst area slope plantation vegetation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the wavelength of waveform net (2) is 3~15cm, amplitude is 3~15cm.
3. the method in karst area slope plantation vegetation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the mesh specification of waveform net (2) and surface layer net (1) is 3~8.0cm * 3~8.0cm.
4. the method in karst area slope plantation vegetation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: underlying network (3) mesh specification is 3~15.0cm * 3~15.0cm.
5. the method in karst area slope plantation vegetation according to claim 1 is characterized in that: used seed is the shrub seeds of suitable local climate condition.
CN2009103021776A 2009-05-08 2009-05-08 Method for planting vegetation on the karst area slope Expired - Fee Related CN101543168B (en)

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CN101999289B (en) * 2010-09-10 2012-07-04 中国科学院华南植物园 Method for preventing and controlling water contamination in karst regions on basis of vegetation measures
CN102452859B (en) * 2010-10-30 2015-05-20 贵州交勘生态园林有限责任公司 Karst shrub revetment nutrition substrate made by utilizing dregs of decoction and preparation method thereof
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CN102138428A (en) * 2011-04-07 2011-08-03 北京林丰源生态科技有限公司 Vegetation restoration method adopting plant fiber blanket with assist of slurry spraying
CN102550363B (en) * 2012-01-17 2013-06-19 中国科学院亚热带农业生态研究所 Method for culturing seedlings of Karst habitat forest trees
CN102660958B (en) * 2012-05-28 2014-10-22 秦干平 Method for protecting ecology of slope through sprinkling irrigation of CS (carbon steel) mixed fibers
CN103319284B (en) * 2013-06-28 2014-09-17 中铁二局股份有限公司 Preparation method of rock slope protecting and seeding medium
CN105155560A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-16 宏大国源(芜湖)资源环境治理有限公司 Protecting structure and protecting method used for greening high-steep rock slope
CN107140890A (en) * 2017-06-12 2017-09-08 刘忠元 A kind of concrete for plant growth and its construction method
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