CN101536659B - Method for transplanting wild schima wallichii choisy big tree - Google Patents

Method for transplanting wild schima wallichii choisy big tree Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101536659B
CN101536659B CN2009100943279A CN200910094327A CN101536659B CN 101536659 B CN101536659 B CN 101536659B CN 2009100943279 A CN2009100943279 A CN 2009100943279A CN 200910094327 A CN200910094327 A CN 200910094327A CN 101536659 B CN101536659 B CN 101536659B
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Prior art keywords
transplanting
tree
native
water
pool
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009100943279A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101536659A (en
Inventor
李尹
李荣春
赵懋琨
熊加旭
岳元良
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BAOSHAN AOXIN GREEN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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BAOSHAN AOXIN GREEN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for transplanting a wild schima wallichii choisy big tree, comprising the following steps: 1. selecting the transplanting period; 2. carrying out root-excision treatment; 3. taking the tree; 4. transporting; 5. pruning; 6. threshing; 7. moisturizing a main stem; 8. digging a pond; 9. planting the tree; 10. fixing and supporting; 11. carrying out infusion on a truck; 12. carrying out daily management and protection; 13. preventing and treating pests and diseases; 14. carrying out over-winter nursing; and 15. determining re-transplanting time and technology. The use of the transplanting technology can lead the transplanting survival rate of the wild schima wallichii choisy big tree to achieve 100 percent.

Description

A kind of method of transplanting wild schima wallichii choisy big tree
Technical field
The present invention is the transplanting field of trees.
Background technology
Redwood lotus (Schima wallichii (DC) Korthals): arbor, up to 20 meters, be born in the evergreen broad-leaved forest or mixed forest of height above sea level (300-2700) rice.Material is good, and reserves are big, is woods aptitude source and commerical tree species preferably.Still the report that does not have at present the wild schima wallichii choisy big tree transplant survival.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of method of transplanting wild schima wallichii choisy big tree, adopt this kind method to transplant the redwood lotus, its survival rate reaches 100%.
The present invention has adopted following technical scheme: the method that a kind of redwood lotus is transplanted, and it adopts following steps: step 1, select transplanting period: redwood lotus transplanting time is that rainwater is in first moon of beginning season; Step 2, processings of being completely cured before transplanting: these seeds belong to difficult introduced plants kind. and individual month of 3-6 is to its processing of being completely cured before transplanting; Step 3, get tree: when taking tree, native bulb diameter should be at more than 5 times of butt diameter, and the degree of depth is not less than native bulb diameter 60%, after taking, bundlees native ball with straw rope, prevents that native ball from dissipating, and straw rope is watered, to keep native ball and root moisture; Step 4, transportation: transportation will be noted 2 points, the firstth, and transport to as early as possible and transplant ground, to guarantee to plant after getting tree at the 3rd day, the secondth, must guarantee in the transportation that native ball does not loose, the straw rope of Bao Tuqiu is moistening all the time, to the excessive unfavorable transportation of tree crown, suitably prune and in draw processing; Step 5, pruning: according to transplanting the intensity that the time decision is pruned, transplant to guaranteeing the ornamental value of tree, do not prune or slightly prune,, be slightly prune to moderate if transplanting At All Other Times at transplanting time; Step 6, beat leaf: according to transplanting the intensity that leaf is beaten in the time decision, transplant, slightly beat leaf, that is: remove 50% leaf,, that is: remove 80% leaf if, moderate to beat leaf in transplanting At All Other Times at transplanting time; Step 7, stem are preserved moisture: with the straw rope of 2 centimetres of diameters on stem with 5-7 centimetre be wound into 1/2nd height of stem apart from spiral, and, reach the purpose that stem is preserved moisture with the straw rope outer wrapping of plastic film at spiral; Step 8, Wa Tang: the diameter on the tree planting pool is twice above than native bulb diameter, and the degree of depth is 1.5-2 a times of native ball; Step 9, tree planting: in the native pool of digging, will evenly spread fertilizer over the fields with soil disinfection bactericide 100 grams in each cave, apply an amount of fertilizer; The chesson of backfill 1/3rd thickness discharges water in the native pool, allows water logging not have chesson, appropriateness stirs the water and soil earth in the native pool, removes the straw rope of native ball, to root spray root-rot spirit and root-inducing promoter, when it is fine branches and leaves and the whole strain spray of trunk are suppressed evaporant, to the anticorrosion processing of smearing or make skin graft of carrying out disinfection of wound is arranged, tree is vertically planted in the pool of burying, and allows native ball fully contact with earth, return soil then and advance Tu Tang, compacting, and allow native pool periphery be higher than the upper surface of native ball, water sufficient field planting water at last; Step 10, fixed support: scrape for preventing big wind that to cause trunk to wave loosening, must in time establish support fixes, carry out triangular support with three thick rods as pillar, during upright pillar the base portion of pillar is withstood on the hole and help and imbed 30cm~40cm in the soil, with foot-operated real, the other end of pillar is tied up on trunk, forms firm triangular supports, the wood chip dottle pin is noted filling up in support and bark junction, in order to avoid the bark that frays; Step 11, trunk transfusion method: syringe needle is inserted butt, containing on the liquid bag reversal of the natural order of things tree, manage straight woven hose, water liquid promptly slowly injects tree; Step 12, daily managing and protecting: emphasis is moisture and the soil moisture that keeps tree, transplant just rainwater season at transplanting time, control the number of times and the water yield of watering, spraying water according to actual conditions, if transplant in dry season, every other day, to whole strain plant water spray once, watered water of foot to the tree pool, increase twice spray blanking time after one month and water once every 3 days; Step 13, the extermination of disease and insect pest: the redwood lotus seldom has damage by disease and insect to take place, and does not need special nursing; Step 14, the nursing of surviving the winter: planting in area, the middle regions of the Yunnan Province does not need SC; Step 15, transplanting time and technology once more: transplant once more after half a year.The survival rate that the above-mentioned transplantation technique of application is transplanted once more after half a year is 100%.
Embodiment
The redwood lotus all can be transplanted throughout the year, but in first month that best transplanting is rainwater period to be begun season, transplant the June in Yunnan Province.Transplant the processing of being completely cured in preceding 36 months.When taking tree, native bulb diameter should be at more than 5 times of tree bar base diameter, and the degree of depth is not less than native bulb diameter 60%, after taking, bundlees native ball with straw rope, prevents that native ball from dissipating, and straw rope is watered, to keep native ball and root moisture.Transportation will be noted 2 points, the firstth, and transport to as early as possible and transplant ground, to guarantee to plant after generally getting tree at the 3rd day.The secondth, must guarantee in the transportation that native ball does not loose, the straw rope of Bao Tuqiu is moistening all the time.To the excessive unfavorable transportation of tree crown, suitably prune and in draw processing.According to transplanting the intensity that the time decision is pruned, transplant at best transplanting time and be generally the ornamental value that guarantees tree, can not prune or slightly prune.If transplanting At All Other Times, be slightly prune to moderate.According to transplanting the intensity that leaf is beaten in the time decision, transplant at best transplanting time, slightly beat leaf, that is: remove 50% leaf.If transplanting At All Other Times, moderate to beat leaf, that is: remove 80% leaf.With the straw rope of 2 centimetres of diameters on stem with 5-7 centimetre be wound into 1/2nd height of stem apart from spiral, and, reach the purpose that stem is preserved moisture with the straw rope outer wrapping of plastic film at spiral.The diameter on the tree planting pool is twice above than native bulb diameter, the degree of depth is 1.5-2 a times of native ball.In the native pool of digging, to evenly spread fertilizer over the fields with " soil disinfection bactericide " 100 grams in each cave, apply an amount of fertilizer; The chesson of backfill 1/3rd thickness discharges water in the native pool, allows water logging not have chesson, and appropriateness stirs the water and soil earth in the native pool.Remove the straw rope of native ball, to root spray root-rot spirit and root-inducing promoter, when it is fine branches and leaves and the whole strain of trunk are sprayed " inhibition evaporant ", to the anticorrosion processing of smearing or make skin graft of carrying out disinfection of wound is arranged, tree vertically plant in the pool of burying, allow native ball fully contact with earth, return soil then and advance Tu Tang, compacting, and allow native pool periphery be higher than the upper surface of native ball, water sufficient field planting water at last.For preventing that big wind from scraping that to cause trunk to wave loosening, must in time establish support and fix.Carry out triangular support with three thick rods as pillar.During upright pillar the base portion of pillar withstood on the hole help and imbed 30cm~40cm in the soil (centimetre) with foot-operated real, the other end of pillar is tied up on trunk, forms firm triangular supports.The wood chip dottle pin is noted filling up in support and bark junction, in order to avoid the bark that frays.Syringe needle is inserted tree bar base portion, containing on the liquid bag reversal of the natural order of things tree, manage straight woven hose, water liquid promptly slowly injects tree.The daily emphasis of managing and protecting is moisture and the soil moisture that keeps tree.Transplant just rainwater season at best transplanting time, the number of times and the water yield of watering, spraying water according to actual conditions control.If transplanting At All Other Times, particularly transplant dry season, every other day, to whole strain plant water spray once, watered water of foot to the tree pool every 3 days.Increasing twice spray blanking time after one month waters once.The redwood lotus seldom has damage by disease and insect to take place, and does not need special nursing.Can transplant once more after general half a year.The survival rate that the above-mentioned transplantation technique of application is transplanted once more after half a year is 100%.

Claims (1)

1. the method for a transplanting wild schima wallichii choisy big tree, it adopts following steps:
Step 1, select transplanting period: redwood lotus transplanting time is that rainwater is in first month of beginning season;
Step 2, processings of being completely cured before transplanting: these seeds belong to difficult introduced plants kind, and individual month of 3-6 is to its processing of being completely cured before transplanting;
Step 3, get tree: when taking tree, native bulb diameter should be at more than 5 times of butt diameter, and the degree of depth is not less than native bulb diameter 60%, after taking, bundlees native ball with straw rope, prevents that native ball from dissipating, and straw rope is watered, to keep native ball and root moisture;
Step 4, transportation: transportation will be noted 2 points, the firstth, and transport to as early as possible and transplant ground, to guarantee to plant after getting tree at the 3rd day, the secondth, must guarantee in the transportation that native ball does not loose, the straw rope of Bao Tuqiu is moistening all the time, to the excessive unfavorable transportation of tree crown, suitably prune and in draw processing;
Step 5, pruning: according to transplanting the intensity that the time decision is pruned, transplant to guaranteeing the ornamental value of tree, do not prune or slightly prune,, be slightly prune to moderate if transplanting At All Other Times at transplanting time;
Step 6, beat leaf: according to transplanting the intensity that leaf is beaten in the time decision, transplant, slightly beat leaf, that is: remove 50% leaf,, that is: remove 80% leaf if, moderate to beat leaf in transplanting At All Other Times at transplanting time;
Step 7, stem are preserved moisture: with the straw rope of 2 centimetres of diameters on stem with 5-7 centimetre be wound into 1/2nd height of stem apart from spiral, and, reach the purpose that stem is preserved moisture with the straw rope outer wrapping of plastic film at spiral;
Step 8, Wa Tang: the diameter on the tree planting pool is twice above than native bulb diameter, and the degree of depth is 1.5-2 a times of native ball;
Step 9, tree planting: in the native pool of digging, will evenly spread fertilizer over the fields with soil disinfection bactericide 100 grams in each cave, apply an amount of fertilizer; The chesson of backfill 1/3rd thickness discharges water in the native pool, allows water logging not have chesson, appropriateness stirs the water and soil earth in the native pool, removes the straw rope of native ball, to root spray root-rot spirit and root-inducing promoter, when it is fine branches and leaves and the whole strain spray of trunk are suppressed evaporant, to the anticorrosion processing of smearing or make skin graft of carrying out disinfection of wound is arranged, tree is vertically planted in the pool of burying, and allows native ball fully contact with earth, return soil then and advance Tu Tang, compacting, and allow native pool periphery be higher than the upper surface of native ball, water sufficient field planting water at last;
Step 10, fixed support: scrape for preventing big wind that to cause trunk to wave loosening, must in time establish support fixes, carry out triangular support with three thick rods as pillar, during upright pillar the base portion of pillar is withstood on the hole and help and imbed 30cm~40cm in the soil, with foot-operated real, the other end of pillar is tied up on trunk, forms firm triangular supports, the wood chip dottle pin is noted filling up in support and bark junction, in order to avoid the bark that frays;
Step 11, trunk transfusion method: syringe needle is inserted butt, containing on the liquid bag reversal of the natural order of things tree, manage straight woven hose, water liquid promptly slowly injects tree;
Step 12, daily managing and protecting: emphasis is moisture and the soil moisture that keeps tree, transplant just rainwater season at transplanting time, control the number of times and the water yield of watering, spraying water according to actual conditions, if transplant in dry season, every other day, to whole strain plant water spray once, watered water of foot to the tree pool, increase twice spray blanking time after one month and water once every 3 days;
Step 13, the extermination of disease and insect pest: the redwood lotus seldom has damage by disease and insect to take place, and does not need special nursing; Step 14, the nursing of surviving the winter: planting in area, the middle regions of the Yunnan Province does not need SC; Step 15, transplanting time and technology are once more transplanted after half a year once more, and transplanting method is the same.
CN2009100943279A 2009-04-10 2009-04-10 Method for transplanting wild schima wallichii choisy big tree Expired - Fee Related CN101536659B (en)

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CN101536659B true CN101536659B (en) 2011-10-26

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103314767B (en) * 2013-07-15 2015-03-25 常州市武进区林业工作站 Schima superba cold-resistant strain tissue culture seedling twig short ear cutting propagation method
CN103314828A (en) * 2013-07-17 2013-09-25 苗国顺 Tree-body protecting method of transplanted tree
CN104094815B (en) * 2014-07-29 2016-03-09 曲靖佳沃现代农业有限公司 A kind of blueberry tree transplanting method
CN104956999B (en) * 2015-06-04 2017-06-20 苏州金螳螂园林绿化景观有限公司 A kind of method for improving the waterlogging-resistant ability of transplanting
CN105284539B (en) * 2015-11-11 2018-07-17 浙江人文园林股份有限公司 A kind of big tree of Schima superba closely naked method for transplanting

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