CN101533850A - Organic light emitting diode display device and display system thereof - Google Patents

Organic light emitting diode display device and display system thereof Download PDF

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CN101533850A
CN101533850A CN 200810081783 CN200810081783A CN101533850A CN 101533850 A CN101533850 A CN 101533850A CN 200810081783 CN200810081783 CN 200810081783 CN 200810081783 A CN200810081783 A CN 200810081783A CN 101533850 A CN101533850 A CN 101533850A
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light
display device
emitting diode
light emitting
layer
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CN 200810081783
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CN101533850B (en )
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吴文豪
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统宝光电股份有限公司
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Abstract

The invention provides an organic light emitting diode display device and a display system thereof, and the organic light emitting diode display device leads a plurality of electric excitation light units to be arranged between a light reflecting layer with an unthreaded hole array and a lenticule array, and forms a light absorbing layer on a surface of the light reflecting layer with the unthreaded hole array which is opposite to the electric excitation light units. Through the lenticule array, the organic light emitting diode display device and the display system thereof lead ambient lights which enter a display area of the display device to be focused into the unthreaded holes of the unthreaded hole array and then projected onto the light absorbing layer, thus eliminating the ambient lights and consequently raising the contrast ratio of the display device.

Description

有机发光二极管显示装置及其显示系统 The organic light emitting diode display device and a display system

技术领域 FIELD

本发明关于一种有机发光二极管显示装置及其显示系统。 Apparatus and a display system of the present invention relates to an organic light emitting diode display. 背景技术 Background technique

对于有机发光二极管显示装置而言,其环境光的问题对于视觉效果有不良的影响,而现有对于环境光消除的设计有赖于自显示装置中增加一光吸收层,使得环境光入射至该显示装置内部后可减少其反射,增加显示装置的对比度。 For the organic light emitting diode display devices, ambient light problems which have an adverse effect on the visual effects, the existing design for the elimination of ambient light from the display device depends on a light absorbing layer is increased, so that the ambient light incident on the display after the inside of the device which can reduce reflection, increasing the contrast of the display device. 此法固然可消除部分环境光,但也相对地消除部分有机发光二极管的自发光,而对于显示装置对比度的改变并不明显,改善视觉效果有限。 Although this method can eliminate the portion of the ambient light, but also eliminate the part from the relatively light emitting organic light emitting diode, and means for changing the display contrast is not obvious, improving the visual effect is limited.

请参阅图5A,图5A是一现有发光面朝上的有机发光二极管显示装置的截面示意图,其包括一底部基板501、 一光吸收层502位于该底部基板501 上、 一反射电极层503位于该光吸收层502上方、 一有机发光层504位于该反射电极层503上方、 一透明电极层505及一顶部透光基板506。 Please refer to FIG. 5A, is a cross-sectional schematic view of an organic light emitting diode on a conventional light emitting display face, comprising a base substrate 501, a light absorbing layer 502 is disposed on the base substrate 501, a reflective electrode layer 503 is located the light absorbing layer 502 above, an organic light emitting layer 504 is located above the reflective electrode layer 503, a transparent electrode layer 505 and a top transparent substrate 506. 该透明电极层505位于该顶部透光基板506下方。 The transparent electrode layer 505 located below the top of the transparent substrate 506. 当环境光自顶部入射至该显示装置内部时,部份的环境光会穿透该反射电极层503而被该光吸收层502吸收, 使反射的环境光较原来入射的环境光减少。 When the ambient light is incident from the top to the inside of the display device, part of the ambient light will penetrate the reflective electrode layer 503 is absorbed to the light absorbing layer 502, the reflected ambient light reduction compared with the original incident ambient.

请参阅图5B,图5B是现有发光面朝下的有机发光二极管显示装置的截面示意图,其包括一底部透光基板511、 一透明电极层512位于该底部透光基板511上方、 一有机发光层513位于该透明电极层512上方、 一反射电极层514位于该有机发光层513上方、 一光吸收层515及一顶部基板516。 Refer to FIG. 5B, FIG. 5B is a schematic sectional view of the conventional organic light emitting diode device emitting face-down display, which includes a bottom transparent substrate 511, a transparent electrode layer 512 is located above the bottom of the transparent substrate 511, an organic light emitting the transparent layer 513 is located above the electrode layer 512, a reflective electrode layer 514 is located above the organic light emitting layer 513, a light-absorbing layer 515 and a top substrate 516. 该光吸收层515位于该顶部基板516下方。 The light absorbing layer 515 is positioned below the top of the substrate 516. 当环境光自底部入射至该显示装置内部时,部份的环境光会穿透该反射电极层514而被该光吸收层515吸收, 使反射的环境光较原来入射的环境光减少。 When the ambient light is incident from the bottom to the inside of the display device, part of the ambient light will penetrate the reflective electrode layer 514 is absorbed to the light absorbing layer 515, the reflected ambient light reduction compared with the original incident ambient.

诚如上述,该光吸收层502或515可吸收部分入射的环境光,但其亦可吸收有机发光层504或513所发出的部份自发光,而降低有机发光层504或513的发光效率。 As described above, the light absorbing layer 502 or 515 may absorb ambient light incident portion, but also absorb part of the organic light emitting layer 504 or 513 emitted from the light emission, light emission efficiency is reduced or the organic light emitting layer 504 513. 纵使该光吸收层502或515可减少环境光的影响,但其相对地吸收有机发光层504或513部份自发光,对于该显示装置对比度的提高并不明显,无法有效改善其视觉效果。 Even if the light-absorbing layer 502 or 515 may reduce the influence of ambient light, but its relative absorption of the organic light emitting layer 504 or 513 from the light emitting part, to improve the contrast of the display device is not obvious, it can not improve the visual effect.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的在于提供一种有机发光二极管显示装置,其可控制环境光入射位置,使环境光几近完全入射至其内部的一光吸收层而被吸收,进而提高该显示装置的对比度。 Object of the present invention is to provide an organic light emitting diode display device which can control the position of the incident ambient light, so that ambient light incident on a nearly completely light-absorbing layer and the inside thereof is absorbed, thereby increasing the contrast of the display device.

本发明提供的一种有机发光二极管显示装置,包括一第一基板; 一第二基板,该第二基板与该第一基板之间具有一间隙; 一缓冲材料层,填充于前述间隙中; 一光吸收层,形成于该第二基板对应该第一基板的一表面上;一具光孔阵列的光反射层,位于该光吸收层相对该第一基板的一表面上,该具光孔阵列的光反射层具有复数个光孔;复数个电激发光单元,位于该具光孔阵列的光反射层相对该光吸收层的一表面上方; 一电极层,位于所述的这些电激发光单元之上;及一微透镜阵列具有复数个微透镜,位于该第二基板对应该第一基板的一表面上。 An organic light emitting diode of the present invention provides a display device comprising a first substrate; a second substrate having a gap between the first substrate and the second substrate; a buffer material layer filled in the gap; a a light absorbing layer formed on the second substrate on a surface of the first pair of substrates should be; a light reflecting layer of the light array of apertures located opposite the light-absorbing layer on a surface of the first substrate, the light having an array of apertures a light reflecting layer having a plurality of optical aperture; a plurality of electrical excitation light unit, located above a surface having a light reflecting layer of the light relative to the array of apertures of the light absorbing layer; an electrode layer on the electroluminescent unit these above; and a microlens array having a plurality of microlenses, located on a surface of the second substrate corresponding to the first substrate.

在一方面,本发明前述具环境光消光设计的有机发光二极管显示器的该 The organic light emitting diode display in one aspect, the present invention having an ambient light extinction Design

具光孔阵列的光反射层具有导电性与该电极层电性相反。 A light reflecting layer having a light aperture array having an opposite conductivity to the electrode layer electrically.

在另一方面,本发明前述有机发光二极管显示装置更包含电性相反于该电极层的另一电极层位于该具光孔阵列的光反射层与所述的这些电激发光单元之间。 In another aspect, the present invention, the organic light emitting diode display device further comprising electrically opposite to the other electrode of the electrode layer, the layer having a light reflective layer positioned light with an array of holes between these electrical excitation of the light unit.

本发明还提供一种影像显示系统,所述的系统可包含: 一显示装置,具有所述的有机发光二极管显示装置结构;及一输入单元,耦接所述的显示装置,且通过所述的输入单元传输信号至所述的显示装置,以控制所述的显示装置显示影像。 The present invention also provides a video display system, said system may comprise: a display device having the device structure of the organic light emitting diode display; and an input unit coupled to the display device, and by the display means to display means a signal input to the transmitting unit to control the display of images.

本发明通过该微透镜阵列可将入射至该显示装置内部的环境光聚焦至该具光孔阵列的光反射层的光孔中,进而投射至该光吸收层而被吸收,以消除环境光。 The present invention may be incident through the microlens array of the display environment of the interior of the device to focus light to the light aperture light-reflecting layer which has the optical aperture array, and further projected onto the light-absorbing layer is absorbed to eliminate ambient light.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是本发明一影像显示系统的配置方块图; FIG 1 is a configuration of an image display according to the present invention, a block diagram of a system;

图2A是本发明发光面朝上有机发光二极管显示装置的一第一具体实施例的结构截面示意图,其中显示出环境光消光机制; 2A is a light emitting face of the present invention is a configuration apparatus of the first embodiment of the schematic sectional view of the organic light emitting diode display, which exhibits ambient light extinction mechanism;

图2B是本发明发光面朝上有机发光二极管显示装置的该第一具体实施例的结构截面示意图,其中显示出该微透镜阵列可集中该显示装置发光方向; 2B is a light emitting face of the present invention, the organic light emitting diode display structure of the first embodiment of the schematic sectional view of the apparatus, which shows the micro lens array can be focused emission direction of the display device;

图2C是本发明第一具体实施例的该具光孔阵列的光反射层的顶视示意 2C is a light reflecting layer having the aperture array a schematic top view of a first embodiment of the present invention

图; Figure;

图3是本发明发光面朝下有机发光二极管显示装置的一第二具体实施例的结构截面示意图,其中显示出环境光消光机制; FIG 3 of the present invention is an organic light emitting diode emitting face cross-sectional schematic view of a second embodiment of the apparatus of the specific embodiment in which exhibits ambient light extinction mechanism;

图4是本发明第一具体实施例与现有显示装置的对比强度相对环境光强度关系图; FIG 4 is a first embodiment of the present invention and the comparative strength of the conventional display device is relatively ambient light intensity diagram;

图5A是一现有发光面朝上的有机发光二极管显示装置的截面示意图; 5A is a cross-sectional schematic view of an organic light emitting diode on a conventional light emitting display face;

and

图5B是现有发光面朝下的有机发光二极管显示装置的截面示意图, 附图标号: 5B is a conventional face-down light emitting organic light emitting diode display device is a cross-sectional schematic diagram, reference numeral:

10---影像显示系统100一--显示面板201—-上基板203----缓冲材料层205-…电激发光单元 10 --- 100 a video display systems - a display panel 203 of the buffer material layer of the substrate ---- 201--205- ... electroluminescent unit

207- -具光孔阵列的光反射层 207--- with light reflecting layer of the light aperture array

208- —光吸收层300--输入单元 208--- input unit light-absorbing layer 300--

516---顶部基板 The top substrate 516 ---

200——有机发光二极管显示装置202---微透镜阵列 200-- organic light emitting diode display device 202 --- microlens array

204---第一导电性电极层206__—第二导电性电极层 204 --- first conductive electrode layer 206 of the second conductive electrode layer __-

207a-—-光孔209--下基板301---上基板302—-光吸收层 The aperture 207a --- --- 209-- substrate 301 on the substrate, the light absorbing layer 302--

303-…具光孔阵列的光反射层 303 ... with the light reflection layer of the light array of apertures

304---电激发光单元 304 --- electroluminescent unit

305----第一导电性透明电极层 305 ---- first conductive transparent electrode layer

306---缓冲材料层 --- cushioning material layer 306

307—-微透镜阵列 307-- microlens array

308---下基板 The lower substrate 308 ---

501底部基板 Base substrate 501

502---光吸收层 The light absorbing layer 502 ---

503…-反射电极层 503 ... - reflective electrode layer

504----有机发光层 The organic light emitting layer 504 ----

505--透明电极层 The transparent electrode layer 505--

506-—顶部透光基板 Top transparent substrate 506--

511---底部透光基板 The bottom of the transparent substrate 511 ---

512--透明电极层 The transparent electrode layer 512--

513---有机发光层 The organic light emitting layer 513 ---

514--反射电极层 514-- reflective electrode layer

515—-光吸收层 515-- light absorbing layer

具体实施方式 detailed description

本发明的前述目的或特征,将依据附图加以详细说明,惟需明了的是, 附图及所举之例,只是做为说明而非在限制或縮限本发明。 Or features of the object of the present invention will be described in detail based on the drawings, but is required to understand, the drawings and the embodiments cited only as an illustration and not to limit the present invention or limiting shrinkage.

虽然本发明将参阅含有本发明较佳实施例的附图予以充分描述,但在此描述之前应了解熟悉本行技术的人士可修改本文中所描述的发明,同时获致本发明的功效。 While the invention will refer to the accompanying drawings containing the preferred embodiments of the present invention to be fully described, it will be appreciated that before described people familiar with the Bank art may modify the invention herein described, while the efficacy of the present invention is attainable. 因此,需了解以下的描述对熟悉本行技术的人士而言为一广泛的揭示,且其内容不在于限制本发明。 Thus, the need to understand the following description for those familiar with the art to a wide Bank revealed, and the contents are not intended to limit the present invention.

为解决现有技术的缺失,本发明于有机发光二极管显示装置中加入一微透镜阵列且将反射电极层改为具有光孔(pinhole)阵列的反射电极层,藉此控 To solve the lack of prior art, the present invention is an organic light emitting diode display device, a microlens array was added and the reflective electrode layer to the reflective electrode layer having a light aperture (pinhole) array, whereby the control

制环境光入射后可以接近完全地被该显示装置内部一光吸收层吸收,以消除环境光所造成的不利影响。 After the system may approach the ambient light incident on the display device inside a completely light-absorbing layer absorbs as to eliminate the adverse effects caused by the ambient light.

请参阅图2A,图2A是本发明有机发光二极管显示装置的一第一具体实施例截面结构示意图,该有机发光二极管显示装置的发光面朝上。 Refer to FIG. 2A, FIG. 2A is a schematic of a device cross-sectional structure of a first embodiment of the present invention, the organic light emitting diode display, a light-emitting device facing the organic light emitting diode display. 图2A仅显示出对应一个有机发光二极管单元的该显示装置部份截面结构。 Figure 2A shows only a corresponding one of the organic light emitting diode unit partial sectional structure of the display device. 依据本发明第一具体实施例,该有机发光二极管显示装置由上至下包括一上基板201、 一微透镜阵列202、 一缓冲材料层203、 一第一导电性电极层204、复数个电激发光单元205、 一第二导电性电极层206、 一具光孔阵列的光反射层207、一光吸收层208及一下基板209。 According to the first embodiment of the present invention, the organic light emitting diode display device comprising a top to bottom on the substrate 201, a microlens array 202, a cushioning material layer 203, a first conductive electrode layer 204, a plurality of electrical excitation an optical unit 205, a second conductive electrode layer 206, a light reflecting layer of the light array of apertures 207, a light absorbing layer 208 and the lower substrate 209. 该下基板209与该上基板201之间具有一间隙,而该上基板201可以是一玻璃基板或一彩色滤光片。 Having a gap between the lower substrate 209 and the upper substrate 201, and the upper substrate 201 may be a glass substrate or a color filter. 该缓冲材料层203 填充于前述间隙中,该缓冲材料层203的材质可以是丙烯酸树脂、环氧树脂或硅。 The buffer material layer 203 filled in the gap, the material of the buffer material layer 203 may be an acrylic resin, an epoxy or silicon. 该微透镜阵列202位于该上基板201下方,并且每一该有机发光二极管单元包含复数个微透镜。 The microlens array 202 is located below the upper substrate 201, and each of the organic light emitting diode unit comprises a plurality of microlenses. 该微透镜阵列202的折射系数大于该缓冲材料层203的折射系数。 The microlens array 202 is larger than the refractive index of the refractive index of the buffer layer 203 material. 该微透镜阵列202的折射系数范围是1.65至2.0,及该缓冲材料层203的折射系数范围是1.5至1.6。 The range of the refractive index of the microlens array 202 is 1.65 to 2.0, and the buffer material layer 203 is a refractive index range of 1.5 to 1.6.

该第一导电性电极层204具有透光性并位于所述的这些电激发光单元205上方,并且该第一导电性电极层204可以是阴极电极层或阳极电极层。 The first electrically conductive layer 204 having light-transmitting electrode and located over the excitation light unit 205, and the first conductive electrode layer 204 may be a cathode electrode layer or the anode electrode layer. 该光吸收层208位于该下基板209上方,该光吸收层208的材质可以是黑色树脂或氧化钼(MCg。该具光孔阵列的光反射层207位于该光吸收层208上方,该具光孔阵列的光反射层207可以具第二导电性或非导电性,当该具光孔阵列的光反射层207为导电性,则可省略该第二导电性电极层206。并且该光孔阵列的所述的这些光孔与该微透镜阵列202的所述的这些微透镜呈一对一配对,即呈一对一对齐,以使光线经过所述的这些微透镜而被聚焦至所述的这些光孔中。该具光孔阵列的光反射层207可以是具第二导电性的铝金属层或铌化铝(AlNd)层。 The light-absorbing layer 208 is located above the lower substrate 209, the material of the light absorbing layer 208 may be a black resin or molybdenum oxide (MCg. The light-reflective layer having an optical aperture array 207 is located above the light-absorbing layer 208, the light having the light reflecting layer 207 may be an array of holes having a second conductive or non-conductive when a conductive 207 may be omitted and the second conductive layer 206. the electrode array of apertures and the light of the light reflection layer having an optical aperture array the aperture of the array 202 and the microlens microlenses form one pair, i.e., one was aligned so that the light through the microlenses is focused onto the the light wells. the light reflection layer having an array of holes 207 may be light having a second electrically conductive layer of aluminum metal or aluminum niobium (AlNd) layer.

图2C是该具光孔阵列的光反射层207的顶视示意图,该光孔阵列由复数个光孔207a组成。 2C is the light-reflective layer having an array of holes 207 of the light schematic top view of the light from the array of apertures 207a composed of a plurality of optical apertures. 该第二导电性电极层206具有透光性例如是氧化铟锡(ITO)电极层,其位于该具光孔阵列的光反射层207上方。 The second conductive layer 206 has a light-transmitting electrode such as indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode layer positioned above the light reflecting layer having the aperture array 207. 所述的这些电激发光单元205位于该第二导电性电极层206上方。 These electrical excitation of the light unit 205 located above the second conductive electrode layer 206.

复参图2A所示,当环境光从顶部入射至该显示装置内部时,为使环境光经过每一该微透镜后可被聚焦至对应的一前述光孔207a中,较佳地,每一该微透镜的直径为2~5微米(li m)及其高度为5~6微米,每一该光孔207a直径为3微米,而该上基板201与该下基板209之间的该间隙大小较佳在每一该微透镜焦距范围内,该间隙大小较佳为7~10微米。 FIG multiplexed reference, when the ambient light is incident from the top to the inside of the display device, such that the ambient light after each of the micro lenses may be focused to a hole 207a corresponding to the light in, preferably. 2A, each the diameter of the microlenses 2 to 5 microns (li m) and a height of 5 to 6 m, each of the light hole 207a having a diameter of 3 m, and the size of the gap between the substrate 201 and the lower substrate 209 preferably, each of the microlenses in the focal range, the gap size is preferably 7-10 micrometers. 诚如上述,入射的环境光可经由该微透镜阵列203的聚焦投射在所述的这些光孔207a中,而几乎完全被该光吸收层208吸收,达到消除环境光的效果,而可提高该显示装置的对比度。 As described above, incident ambient light may be projected to the micro lens array 203 focus the light in the holes 207a, the almost completely absorbed by the light-absorbing layer 208, to eliminate the effect of ambient light through, but may increase the the contrast of the display device.

图2B用以说明该有机发光二极管显示装置内部的该微透镜阵列203亦可以使所述的这些电激发光单元205的向上自发光发光方向集中,以增加所述的这些电激发光单元205的发光强度,进一步提高该显示装置的对比度。 FIG. 2B for explaining the organic light emitting diode display microlens array 203 within the apparatus may also make these electrical excitation of the light upward from the light emitting unit 205 emitting focus direction, to increase the power of the excitation light unit 205 emission intensity, to further enhance the contrast of the display device.

请参阅图3,图3是本发明有机发光二极管显示装置的一第二具体实施例截面结构示意图,该有机发光二极管显示装置的发光面朝下。 Refer to FIG. 3, FIG. 3 is an organic light emitting diode display according to the present invention, a schematic cross-sectional structure of the second embodiment of the specific apparatus embodiment, the organic light emitting diode display light-emitting device face down. 图3仅显示出对应一个有机发光二极管单元的该显示装置部份截面结构。 FIG 3 shows only one organic light emitting diode unit corresponding to the partial sectional structure of the display device. 依据本发明第二具体实施例,该具环境光消光设计的有机发光二极管显示装置由上至下包括一上基板301、 一光吸收层302、 一具光孔阵列的光反射层303、复数个电激发光单元304、 一第一导电性透明电极层305、 一缓冲材料层306、 一微透镜阵列307及一下基板308。 According to the second embodiment of the present invention, the organic light emitting diode having the ambient light extinction designed from top to bottom of the display apparatus includes an upper substrate 301, a light-absorbing layer 302, a light reflecting layer of the light array of apertures 303, a plurality of electrical excitation light unit 304, a first conductive transparent electrode layer 305, a buffer material layer 306, a microlens array 307 and the lower substrate 308. 该上基板301与该下基板308之间具有一间隙, 而该下基板308可以是一玻璃基板或一彩色滤光片。 A gap 308 between the upper substrate 301 and the lower substrate, and the lower substrate 308 may be a glass substrate or a color filter. 该缓冲材料层306填充于前述间隙中,该缓冲材料层306的材质可以是丙烯酸树脂、环氧树脂或硅。 The buffer material layer 306 filled in the gap, the material of the buffer material layer 306 may be an acrylic resin, an epoxy or silicon. 该光吸收层302位于该上基板301下方,该光吸收层302的材质可以是黑色树脂或氧化钼(MCg。该具光孔阵列的光反射层303位于该光吸收层302下方,该光孔阵列的所述的这些光孔与该微透镜阵列307的所述的这些微透镜呈一对一配对,即呈一对一对齐,以使光线经过所述的这些微透镜而被聚焦至所述的这些光孔中。所述的这些电激发光单元304例如有机发光二极管单元位于该具光孔阵列的光第一导电性反反射电极层303下方。该具光孔阵列的光反射层303的材质可以是铝金属或铌化铝(AlNd),并且其可以是阳极电极层或阴极电极层。该第一导电性透明电极层305位于所述的这些电激发光单元304下方,而该微透镜阵列307位于该下基板308上方,并且每一该电激发光单元包含复数个微透镜。该微透镜阵列307的折射系数大于该缓冲材料层306的折射系数。该微透镜阵列202的折射系 The light absorbing layer 302 is positioned below the substrate 301, the material of the light absorbing layer 302 may be a black resin or molybdenum oxide (MCg. The light reflecting layer 303 having an optical aperture array located beneath the light-absorbing layer 302, the light hole the aperture of the array and shape of the microlenses of the microlens array 307 of the one pair, i.e., one was aligned so that the light through the microlenses is focused onto the these light wells. these electrical excitation of the light unit 304 such as an organic light emitting diode unit is located under the first conductive light-reflecting counter-electrode layer 303 having the aperture array. the light reflection layer having an optical aperture array 303 metallic material may be aluminum or aluminum niobium (AlNd), and it may be an anode electrode layer or cathode electrode layer. the first conductive transparent electrode layer 305 is located below the electrical excitation of the light unit 304, and the microlens array 307 is located above the lower substrate 308, and each of the electrical excitation light unit includes a plurality of microlenses. the refractive index of the microlens array 307 is larger than the refractive index of the material of the buffer layer 306. the microlens array of a refractive system 202 数范围是1.65至2.0,及该缓冲材料层203的折射系数范围是1.5至1.6。 Number range of 1.65 to 2.0, and the buffer material layer 203 is a refractive index range of 1.5 to 1.6.

当环境光从底部入射至该显示装置内部时,为使环境光经过每一该微透镜后可被聚焦至对应的一前述光孔中,较佳地,每一该微透镜的直径为2~5 微米O m)及其高度为5~6微米,每一该光孔直径为3微米,而该上基板301 与该下基板308的间的该间隙大小较佳在每一该微透镜焦距范围内,该间隙大小较佳为7~10微米。 When the ambient light is incident from the bottom to the inside of the display device, such that the ambient light after each of the micro lenses may be focused the light into a corresponding hole, preferably, the diameter of each microlens is 2 ~ 5 [mu] m O m) and a height of 5 to 6 m, each of the light hole diameter of 3 m, and the size of the gap between the upper substrate 301 and the lower substrate 308 is preferably in the range of the focal length of each microlens within, the gap size is preferably 7-10 micrometers. 诚如上述,入射的环境光可经由该微透镜阵列307 的聚焦投射在所述的这些光孔中,而几乎完全被该光吸收层302吸收,达到消除环境光的效果,而可提高该显示装置的对比度。 As the above-described focus projection, ambient light incident via the microlens array 307 in which the pupil, whereas almost completely absorb the light absorbing layer 302, to eliminate the effect of ambient light, and the display can be improved contrast means. 如同图2B,本实施例亦可以使所述的这些电激发光单元304的向下自发光发光方向集中,以增加所述的这些电激发光单元304的发光强度,进一步提高该显示装置的对比度。 As 2B, the present embodiment also can be made according to these electrical excitation light emitting means emitting directional intensive downwardly from 304 to increase the electrical excitation of the emission intensity of the light unit 304, to further improve the contrast of the display device .

请参阅图4,图4是本发明第一具体实施例与现有显示装置的对比强度相对环境光强度关系图,可明显看到本发明与一般现有技术于同样的环境光亮度下,本发明所得到的发光对比强度较一般现有技术高,显见本发明较一般现有技术具有更好的视觉效果。 Please refer to FIG. 4, FIG. 4 is a first embodiment of the present invention and the conventional display device relative intensity of the ambient light intensity comparison graph, the present invention is apparent with the prior art in the same general brightness of the environment, the present Comparative emission intensity invention obtained than the prior art generally high, showing that the present invention has a better visual effect than the prior art in general.

由以上所述可知,本发明增加了一微透镜阵列及于现有的反射电极层形成光孔阵列,具有可控制入射的环境光使其能准确进入该反射电极层的光孔的优点,达到消除环境光并增加发光对比强度的效果。 Seen from the above, the present invention adds a microlens array and an array of apertures formed in the conventional light-reflective electrode layer, it has the advantage that it can accurately enter the optical aperture of the reflective electrode layer may be controlled environmental incident reached eliminate the effect of ambient light and increase the contrast intensity of light emission. 再者,本发明进一步可使所述的这些电激发光单元经由该微透镜阵列集中其朝发光面发射的光线发光方向,而增加该显示装置的发光强度,更进一步提高发光对比强度。 Furthermore, the present invention further enables the electrical excitation of the light emitting unit to focus the light emitted towards the direction of the light emitting surface via the microlens array, to increase the luminous intensity of the display device, further improves the contrast intensity of the emission.

请参照图1,显示本发明所述的包含有机发光二极管显示装置的影像显示系统10的配置示意图,其中该包含有机发光二极管显示装置的影像显示系统IO包含一显示面板100。 Referring to FIG. 1, according to the present invention comprises an organic light emitting diode display system configuration diagram of the image display device 10, wherein the organic light emitting diode display comprising an image display system IO device comprises a display panel 100. 该显示面板100具有本发明所述的有机发光二极管显示装置200,而该显示面板100可例如为有机发光二极管显示面板。 The display panel 100 includes an organic light emitting diode display apparatus according to the present invention, 200, and 100 may, for example, the display panel is an organic light emitting diode display panel.

一般来说,该影像显示系统10包含显示面板100及一输入单元300,与该显示面板100耦接,其中该输入单元300传输信号至该显示面板100,以使该显示面板100显示影像。 In general, the image display system 10 includes a display panel 100 and an input unit 300, and the display panel 100 is coupled, wherein the transmission signal input unit 300 to the display panel 100, so that the display panel 100 displays an image. 该影像显示系统10可包含于一行动电话、 一数字相机、一PDA(个人数据助理)、 一笔记型计算机、 一桌上型计算机、 一电 The image display system 10 may be included in a mobile phone, a digital camera, a PDA (personal data assistant), a notebook computer, a desktop computer, a power

视、 一车用显示器、 一全球定位系统(GPS)、 一航空用显示器、 一数字相框(digital photo frame)、或是一可携式DVD放映机。 Television, a car display, a global positioning system (GPS), an aviation display, a digital photo frame (digital photo frame), or a portable DVD player.

在详细说明本发明的较佳实施例之后,熟悉该项技术人士可清楚的了解,在不脱离下述权利要求范围与精神下可进行各种变化与改变,且本发明亦不受限于说明书中所举实施例的实施方式。 In the present invention, described in detail the preferred embodiment after, persons skilled in the art can clearly understand, various modifications and changes may be made without departing from the scope and spirit of the following claims, the invention is also not limited and the present specification in the embodiment cited embodiment.

Claims (15)

  1. 1. 一种有机发光二极管显示装置,其特征在于,所述的装置包括:一第一基板;一第二基板,所述的第二基板与所述的第一基板之间具有一间隙;一缓冲材料层,填充于前述间隙中;一光吸收层,形成于所述的第二基板对应所述的第一基板的一表面上;一具光孔阵列的光反射层,位于所述的光吸收层之上,所述的具光孔阵列的光反射层具有复数个光孔;复数个电激发光单元,位于所述的具光孔阵列的光反射层之上;一电极层,位于所述的复数个电激发光单元之上;及一微透镜阵列具有复数个微透镜,位于所述的第一基板对应所述的第二基板的一表面上。 An organic light emitting diode display device, characterized in that said apparatus comprises: a first substrate; a gap between a second substrate, said second substrate and said first substrate; a the buffer material layer filled in the gap; and a light absorbing layer, is formed on the second substrate corresponding to a first surface on said substrate; a light reflecting layer of the light array of apertures located in the light over the absorbent layer, the light-reflecting layer having the aperture array having a plurality of optical aperture; a plurality of electrical excitation light unit, light on the light reflecting layer having the aperture array located; an electrode layer, are positioned said plurality of electrical excitation on the light unit; and a microlens array having a plurality of microlenses on a surface of said first substrate corresponding to said second substrate.
  2. 2. 如权利要求1所述的有机发光二极管显示装置,其特征在于,所述的具光孔阵列的光反射层具有导电性与所述的电极层电性相反。 The organic light emitting diode display device of claim 1, wherein said light reflecting layer having the aperture array has an electrode layer electrically with said opposite conductivity.
  3. 3. 如权利要求1所述的有机发光二极管显示装置,其特征在于,所述的具光孔阵列的光反射层为非导电性。 The organic light emitting diode as claimed in claim 1, said display device, characterized in that said light reflecting layer having a light aperture array non-conductive.
  4. 4. 如权利要求1所述的有机发光二极管显示装置,其特征在于,所述的装置更包含电性相反于所述的电极层的另一电极层位于所述的具光孔阵列的光反射层与所述的这些电激发光单元之间。 The organic light emitting diode display device of claim 1, wherein said device further comprises light reflecting light having an array of apertures in said further electrode layer of electrically opposite to the electrode layer the dielectric layer between the excitation light unit.
  5. 5. 如权利要求1所述的有机发光二极管显示装置,其特征在于,所述的具光孔阵列的光反射层的所述的这些光孔与所述的这些微透镜呈一对一配对。 The organic light emitting diode display device of claim 1, wherein the light aperture of the light-reflecting layer of the light having the aperture array with the microlenses form the one pair.
  6. 6. 如权利要求1所述的有机发光二极管显示装置,其特征在于,所述的具光孔阵列的光反射层包含铝或铌化铝。 The organic light emitting diode as claimed in claim 1, said display device, characterized in that said light reflecting layer having aperture arrays comprising aluminum or an aluminum niobium.
  7. 7. 如权利要求1所述的有机发光二极管显示装置,其特征在于,所述的具光孔阵列的光反射层中每一所述的光孔直径为2-5微米。 7. The organic light emitting diode display device of claim 1, wherein said light reflecting layer of the light having an array of apertures in each said aperture having a diameter of 2-5 microns.
  8. 8. 如权利要求1所述的有机发光二极管显示装置,其特征在于,所述的微透镜阵列的折射系数大于所述的缓冲材料层的折射系数。 The organic light emitting diode as claimed in claim 1, said display apparatus, wherein a refractive index of the microlens array is larger than the refractive index of the buffer material layer.
  9. 9. 如权利要求8所述的有机发光二极管显示装置,其特征在于,所述的微透镜阵列的折射系数范围是1.65至2.0,及所述的缓冲材料层的折射系数范围是1.5至1.6。 The organic light emitting diode as claimed in claim 8, said display device, characterized in that the range of the refractive index of the microlens array is 1.65 to 2.0, a refractive factor range and the buffer material layer is 1.5 to 1.6.
  10. 10. 如权利要求1所述的有机发光二极管显示装置,其特征在于,所述的微透镜阵列的每一所述的微透镜的直径为2~5微米及其高度为5〜6微米。 The organic light emitting diode as claimed in claim 1, said display device, characterized in that the diameter of each of the microlenses of the microlens array 2 to 5 microns and a height of 5 to 6 microns.
  11. 11. 如权利要求l所述的有机发光二极管显示装置,其特征在于,所述的光吸收层包含黑色树脂或氧化钼。 11 l of the organic light emitting diode display device as claimed in claim, wherein said light absorbing layer includes a black resin or molybdenum oxide.
  12. 12. 如权利要求1所述的有机发光二极管显示装置,其特征在于,所述的第一基板与第二基板之间的所述的间隙大小是7~10微米。 The organic light emitting diode as claimed in claim 12. The display device of claim 1, wherein the size of said gap between said first and second substrates 7 to 10 micrometers.
  13. 13. 如权利要求1所述的有机发光二极管显示装置,其特征在于,所述的第一基板是一彩色滤光片或玻璃基板。 13. The organic light emitting diode as claimed in claim 1, said display apparatus, wherein said first substrate is a color filter or a glass substrate.
  14. 14. 一种影像显示系统,其特征在于,所述的系统可包含: 一显示装置,具有如权利要求1所述的有机发光二极管显示装置结构;及一输入单元,耦接所述的显示装置,且通过所述的输入单元传输信号至所述的显示装置,以控制所述的显示装置显示影像。 14. An image display system, wherein said system may comprise: a display device having the organic light emitting diode display device of claim 1 as the structure; and an input means, coupled to said display device display means by said input means and transmitting a signal to said display device to control display of the image.
  15. 15. 如权利要求14所述的影像显示系统,可包含于一行动电话、 一数字相机、 一个人数据助理、 一笔记型计算机、 一桌上型计算机、 一电视、 一车用显示器、 一全球定位系统、 一航空用显示器、 一数字相框、或是一可携式放映机。 15. The image display system according to claim 14, may be included in a mobile phone, a digital camera, a personal data assistant, a notebook computer, a desktop computer, a television, a car display, a global a positioning system, an aviation display, a digital photo frame, or a portable projector.
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