CN101532839B - Non-excavation measurement-while-drilling system based on inertia technology - Google Patents

Non-excavation measurement-while-drilling system based on inertia technology Download PDF

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CN101532839B
CN101532839B CN2009100817596A CN200910081759A CN101532839B CN 101532839 B CN101532839 B CN 101532839B CN 2009100817596 A CN2009100817596 A CN 2009100817596A CN 200910081759 A CN200910081759 A CN 200910081759A CN 101532839 B CN101532839 B CN 101532839B
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data
measurement
angle
drilling system
acceleration sensor
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CN101532839A (en
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宋华
张军香
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Beijing Tanlong Oil and Gas Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Abstract

The invention relates to a non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertia technology, comprising a drilling unit arranged on a drilling system and a monitoring unit which is connected with the drilling system by cables; wherein, the drilling unit comprises a first and third shaft acceleration transducer, a second and third shaft acceleration transducer, a temperature pickup, a geomagnetism sensor, a data processing device and a carrier communication and transmission device; wherein, the monitoring unit comprises a carrier communication and reception device, a data processing and resolving device, a human-computer interaction device and a data storing and guiding device; as a result, a non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertia technology which is free from influences of factors such as electromagnetic interference and drilling depth, compensates temperature, provides more reliable facing angle and pitch angle of tools, provides reference course and position, comments on electromagnetic interference to further provide credibility of the reference course and position.

Description

Non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of non-excavation measurement while drilling system, particularly a kind of non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology.
Background technology
Extensive development along with urban infrastructure, the application of trenchless technology more and more widely, especially in underground workss such as the laying of various pipelines and subway work, lay and construction, need in the process of creeping into, lead and measure in order to ensure according to predetermined route.
At present, the measurement-while-drilling system of using always in the trenchless engineering is many based on electromagnetic location principle and radiolocation principle.Referring to Fig. 1, probe 101 wherein is built-in with electromagnetic wave transmitter or transmitting set for following the part of drill bit movement, transmits to receiver 102; Near receiver 102 is positioned at ground or bores mouthful, perhaps perpendicular to the ground of drill bit; Receiver 102 resolves the position of drill bit by signal intensity; Monitor 103 with receiver 102 by wired or wireless connections, to monitor the working condition of probe.Referring to Fig. 2, this measurement-while-drilling system comprises underground unit 1 and unit 2, ground, geomagnetic sensor 201 in the underground unit and temperature sensor 202 are delivered to ground magnetic signal and temperature signal in A/D conversion and the CPU device 203, A/D conversion and CPU device 203 carry out ground magnetic signal and temperature signal the A/D conversion and do respective handling, send to coding transmission device 204, coding transmission device 204 is RS232 or wireless transmission method, coding transmission device 204 is encoded the signal that A/D changes and CPU device 203 transmits and is transmitted, the signal that 2 coding receiving trap 205 received code transmitting devices 204 transmit in the unit, ground, and send in attitude algorithm and the display device 206 and carry out attitude algorithm and demonstration, coding receiving trap 205 is corresponding RS232 or wireless transmission method.
More than two kinds of measurement-while-drilling systems have following defective: easily produce and overflow, be subject to the interference of environment electromagnetics signal; Power is restricted, and can't measure darker emplacement depth; The penetration power of signal is subjected to the influence of stratum condition, soil condition; Need ground receiving equipment, influence traffic above-ground, and ground can't be measured when barrier is arranged.
Referring to Fig. 3, three axis accelerometer 301 in the underground unit 1 ' and temperature sensor 302 transmit monitor signal in A/D conversion and CPU attitude algorithm device 303, A/D conversion and CPU attitude algorithm device 303 carry out monitor signal the A/D conversion and do respective handling, send to coding transmission device 304, coding transmission device 204 is RS232 or wireless transmission method, coding transmission device 304 is encoded the signal that A/D changes and CPU attitude algorithm device 303 transmits and is transmitted, the signal that ground surveillance device 305 received code transmitting devices 304 transmit, and carry out respective handling, display message.
But there are defectives such as measurement range is limited in above-mentioned measurement-while-drilling system, and for example the inclination angle is not more than 50 ° etc.For this kind method, what have has added magnetometer increasing the measurement of course angle, but aspect roll angle, the pitch angle not and the signal of accelerometer effectively merge; Simultaneously, magnetometer is subject to electromagnetic interference effect, can not effectively use in a lot of occasions, therefore can not effectively solve the limited problem of measurement of angle.And it is with the signal transmission form on ground, it is fathomed be subjected to the restriction of RS232 transmission range or wireless radio transmission distance.
Summary of the invention
Defective at above-mentioned prior art, the purpose that the present invention is based on the non-excavation measurement while drilling system of inertial technology provides a kind of influence that is not subjected to factors such as electromagnetic interference (EMI), drilling depth, and temperature compensated, provide the tools for angle and the angle of pitch more reliably, provide with reference to course and position, and the electromagnetic interference (EMI) power estimated, and then provide non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology with reference to the confidence level of course and position.
A kind of non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology, comprise be installed on the drilling system with bore the unit with the monitoring unit that is connected drilling system by cable; Described with bore the unit comprise first 3-axis acceleration sensor, temperature sensor, magnetic sensor and data processing equipment;
Described first 3-axis acceleration sensor is used for three components of the acceleration of gravity of measuring system when static, and then the drill bit inclination angle and the tools for angle of the system of acquisition, measuring system obtains the displacement data of system in the acceleration of motion of three directions, and data are sent;
Described temperature sensor is used to measure the temperature with boring the unit, and temperature data is sent;
Described ground magnetic sensor is used for obtaining azimuth reference by the angle that detects bit heading and terrestrial magnetic pole direction, obtains the traffic direction of drill bit, and data are sent;
Described data processing equipment is used to read or measurement data, and forms Frame, sends;
Described monitoring unit comprises human-computer interaction device, data storage and let-off gear(stand) and data processing and resolver;
Described human-computer interaction device is used for measurement result and resolves the result showing in real time;
Described data storage and let-off gear(stand) are used for measurement data and resolved data derives and storage;
Described data processing and resolver be used to receive the normal gravity data, magnetic sensor measurement data, temperature data, and data are carried out verification and processing, measurement compensates with the temperature of boring the unit and to temperature, thereby calculate tools for angle and drill bit inclination angle, provide the evaluation that course and position and confidence level thereof provide the electromagnetic interference (EMI) power, send measurement result and resolve the result to storage or demonstration;
Describedly also comprise second 3-axis acceleration sensor and carrier communication dispensing device with boring the unit;
When described second 3-axis acceleration sensor is used for the X-axis data absolute value measured at first 3-axis acceleration sensor greater than 0.8g, when measuring system is static at the acceleration of gravity of three directions, the drill bit inclination angle and the tools for angle of acquisition system, and data are sent to described data processing equipment;
Described carrier communication dispensing device is used to receive the Frame that described data processing equipment transmits, and sends;
Described monitoring unit also comprises the carrier communication receiving trap;
Described carrier communication receiving trap is used to receive the data that described carrier communication dispensing device sends, and transfers out.
Non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology of the present invention, when wherein said data processing and resolver carry out computational tool towards angle and drill bit inclination angle, judge that whether X-axis data absolute value that described first 3-axis acceleration sensor transmits is greater than threshold value, be not more than the data that then adopt first 3-axis acceleration sensor to transmit and carry out computational tool, greater than data computation tools for angle that then adopts second 3-axis acceleration sensor to transmit and drill bit inclination angle towards angle and drill bit inclination angle.
Non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology of the present invention, wherein said threshold value is 0.8g.
Non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology of the present invention, wherein said first 3-axis acceleration sensor and described second 3-axis acceleration sensor are installed on two planes with declinate.
Non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology of the present invention, the declinate on wherein said first 3-axis acceleration sensor and plane, the described second 3-axis acceleration sensor place is 45 °.
Non-excavation measurement while drilling system of the present invention, wherein said carrier communication dispensing device and described carrier communication receiving trap transmit data with the direct current carrier system.
Non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology of the present invention, wherein said data processing and resolver adopt the ARM microprocessor.
Non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology of the present invention, wherein said carrier communication dispensing device and described carrier communication receiving trap adopt the P485 chip.
Non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology of the present invention, wherein said carrier communication dispensing device adopts standard cable to be connected with described carrier communication receiving trap.
The measuring method of the non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology of the present invention, described DATA REASONING and control method may further comprise the steps:
1) gathers acceleration information with boring the unit;
2) with boring unit collecting temperature data;
3) gather geomagnetic data with boring the unit;
4) be sent to monitoring unit with boring unit formation Frame;
5) control module receives with boring the data that transmit the unit line data verification of going forward side by side;
6) whether checking data is correct, otherwise execution in step 5);
7) read the data of the acceleration 2 of the acceleration 1 of first 3-axis acceleration sensor and second 3-axis acceleration sensor;
8) whether the X-axis data absolute value of judging acceleration 1 greater than threshold value, is execution in step 17 then);
9) calculate with the data of acceleration 1;
10) output tools for angle and drill bit inclination angle;
11) carry out reckoning;
12) provide temperature compensation;
13) provide the evaluation of electromagnetic interference (EMI) power, provide position and course angle Reliability of Information;
14) judging whether derived data, is execution in step 19 then);
15) judge whether to withdraw from, otherwise execution in step 5);
16) finish;
17) with acceleration 2 data computation;
18) coordinate conversion, execution in step 10);
19) by the serial ports derived data, execution in step 15).
Owing to adopted temperature sensor and data processing and resolver can provide with the temperature of boring the unit, and temperature compensated, Redundancy Design by 3-axis acceleration sensor, promptly use two 3-axis acceleration sensors can provide reliable drill bit inclination angle, tools for angle and course angle, because data processing and resolver provide with reference to course and position and confidence level thereof by respective algorithms, again owing to adopted the mode of direct current carrier communication, measurement sensors such as acceleration transducer have been adopted, the antijamming capability of system is strengthened, can be provided measurement result more reliably.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the system chart that utilizes the strong measurement-while-drilling system of measuring of ripple;
Fig. 2 is the system chart that utilizes the measurement-while-drilling system of geomagnetic sensor measurement;
Fig. 3 is the system chart that utilizes the measurement-while-drilling system of accelerometer measures;
Fig. 4 is the system chart that the present invention is based on the non-excavation measurement while drilling system of inertial technology;
Fig. 5 is the measurement process flow diagram with the brill unit that the present invention is based on the non-excavation measurement while drilling system of inertial technology;
Fig. 6 is the control flow chart of monitoring unit that the present invention is based on the non-excavation measurement while drilling system of inertial technology.
Embodiment
Be elaborated below in conjunction with the embodiment of accompanying drawing to the non-excavation measurement while drilling system that the present invention is based on inertial technology.
Referring to Fig. 4, a kind of non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology, comprise be installed on the drilling system with bore unit 11 with the monitoring unit 22 that is connected drilling system by cable.
Wherein comprise two 3-axis acceleration sensors with boring unit 11, first 3-axis acceleration sensor 401 and second 3-axis acceleration sensor 402, temperature sensor 403, magnetic sensor 404, data processing equipment 405 and carrier communication dispensing device 406; Monitoring unit 22 comprises carrier communication receiving trap 407, data processing and resolver 408, human-computer interaction device 409 and data storage and let-off gear(stand) 410.
First 3-axis acceleration sensor 401 and second 3-axis acceleration sensor 402 are used for three components of the acceleration of gravity of measuring system when static, and then the drill bit inclination angle and the tools for angle of the system of acquisition, measuring system is in the acceleration of motion of three directions, the displacement data of acquisition system, and data are sent in the data processing equipment 405.
When static,, obtain the data of drill bit inclination angle and tools for angle by measuring each component of terrestrial gravitation acceleration.
Adopt two 3-axis acceleration sensors to solve the limited problem of measurement of angle: when adopting first 3-axis acceleration sensor 401 to measure, if measured drill bit inclination angle and tools for angle are near 90 degree, then corresponding measuring error is very big, even disperse, take measurement of an angle and be restricted, make second 3-axis acceleration sensor 402 and the 401 tilting installations of first 3-axis acceleration sensor, promptly first 3-axis acceleration sensor 401 and second 3-axis acceleration sensor 402 are located at respectively on two planes, and two interplanars have declinate.Wherein first 3-axis acceleration sensor 401 and the coaxial installation of carrier coordinate system, each differs an angle with carrier coordinate system second 3-axis acceleration sensor 402, and declinate is 45 ° to its optimal way in order to make.When drill bit inclination angle and tools for angle that first 3-axis acceleration 401 measures are spent near 90, when measurement is restricted, second 3-axis acceleration sensor 402 is not restricted, thus with regard to solved that existing product exists to the restricted problem of angle measurement range.
Wherein 3-axis acceleration sensor can adopt LIS3L06AL.
Temperature sensor 403 is used to measure the temperature of creeping into part, temperature data is sent in the data processing equipment 405, and parts such as 3-axis acceleration sensor are carried out temperature compensation.
Temperature sensor 403 adopts the integrated temperature measured chip, and as DS1820, temperature-measuring range is-55 ° ~ 125 °.
Ground magnetic sensor 404 obtains azimuth reference by the angle that detects bit heading and terrestrial magnetic pole direction, obtains the traffic direction of drill bit, and data are sent to data processing equipment 405.
Ground magnetic sensor 404 adopts chip such as magnetic sensor HMC1053 or adopts three HMC1002 single shaft magnetoresistive transducer quadratures to install and form.
Data processing equipment 405 adopts universal cpu as core, as C8051F120 etc., finish the signal measurement of two 3-axis acceleration sensors and geomagnetic sensor by its inner integrated A/D change-over circuit, the temperature data that reading temperature sensor collects, data are formed Frame, be transferred to carrier communication module by UART.
Carrier communication dispensing device 406 is made up of peripheral components such as carrier communication chip, amplifier and triode, electric capacity, resistance, transformers, form with the direct current carrier wave is carried out data transmission, on soon the data-signal after the modulation will be added to direct supply, transmit.The mode of direct current carrier wave both can improve the antijamming capability of communication, can reduce the number of cables between two parts again, and whole stube cable only needs 2 lines; The carrier communication chip can use P485, and amplifier can use P111; The carrier communication cable design becomes standard length, modular connection, and standard length is fit to the general standard of drilling rod on the one hand, but the positional information of subsidiary drill bit on the other hand.
Also include the high-precision power module with boring 11 inside, unit, ensure the stable of power supply, guarantee the accuracy of measuring.
Wherein data processing equipment 405 and carrier communication dispensing device 406 are integrated on the circuit board.
Carrier communication receiving trap 407, adopt with boring carrier communication dispensing device 406 corresponding circuit in the unit 11, finish with the data transmission of boring unit 11.
Data processing and resolver 408 are made of the ARM microprocessor.The normal gravity data that reception carrier communication receiving device 407 imports into, magnetic sensor measurement data, temperature data; And, calculate drill bit inclination angle and tools for angle according to the normal gravity data that first 3-axis acceleration sensor 401, second 3-axis acceleration sensor 402 transmit; Adopt ground magnetic sensor 404, obtain the course of creeping into of drill bit; Utilize 3-axis acceleration sensor 401,402 to obtain displacement data through twice integration, the length that merges standard drilling rod and standard communication cable can obtain displacement data more accurately; Drill bit inclination angle, tools for angle that composite measurement arrives, and course are extrapolated drill bit in each instantaneous position; Provide course and position and confidence level thereof; Obtain the evaluation index of electromagnetic interference (EMI) power according to statistics; The drill bit inclination angle and the tools for angle that get according to static brief acceleration instrumentation carry out modeling to the error of magnetic survey, and then the influence of compensation electromagnetic interference; By with boring the built-in temperature sensor 401 in unit 11, understanding the temperature conditions of drilling system, and temperature is compensated in real time with the temperature of boring unit 11; And the data after will resolving deposit storer in, and the human-computer interaction device 409 of making a gift to someone by data storage and the instruction of deriving the RS232 interface circuit receiving computer in the module, and can import data into computing machine.
Wherein carrying out temperature compensation carries out as follows:
The actual output of acceleration is expressed as: a=η (t) a 0+ λ (t); A wherein 0Be the ideal output of acceleration, η (t) is inclined to one side with zero with the calibration factor that λ (t) is respectively relevant with temperature; The calibration factor that η (t) that obtains according to experiment and λ (t) curve can obtain acceleration under the Current Temperatures and zero partially, and then to acceleration output compensates, obtain more near a 0The acceleration estimation value.
Adopting 3-axis acceleration sensor to carry out angle calculation carries out as follows:
During system quiescence, pitching angle theta and roll angle γ, promptly the computing formula of drill bit inclination angle and tools for angle is respectively:
θ = arcsin ( - f x b / g )
γ = arcsin ( f y b g cos θ )
Wherein γ also can adopt following formula:
γ = arccos ( f z b / g cos x ) ;
Wherein g is an acceleration of gravity, f x b, f y bAnd f z bBe respectively the acceleration of X-axis, Y-axis, Z axle in the carrier coordinate system (true origin is in the carrier center of gravity, X-axis carrier the place ahead, Z axle points upwards, Y-axis are pointed to the carrier left side).
Can draw by above-mentioned fundamental formular, as the angle of pitch (also f near positive and negative 90 ° the time x bNear positive and negative g), resolving of roll angle may produce very mistake owing to The noise, even disperses, therefore, can be with a three axis accelerometer a 1Another a is installed along carrier coordinate system 2With the tilting angle of carrier coordinate system, as 45 ° of installations.Like this, work as a 1Responsive f x bNear positive and negative g, during greater than threshold value, be as mode most preferably f x b ≥ 0.8 g , The result that the employing fundamental formular is calculated is with unreliable; Can adopt a this moment 2Data resolve because a 2The responsive angle of pitch and a 1Differ an angle, so the f of its sensitivity x bWill be away from positive and negative g, its calculation accuracy will be improved.According to a 2The result of data solver also need be according to a 2And the rotation relationship between the carrier coordinate system is changed, and finally obtains the angle of pitch and the roll angle of carrier.
Adopting the ground magnetic sensor to carry out angle resolves as follows and carries out:
The pitching angle theta and the roll angle γ that utilize accelerometer measures to obtain, the position angle that the application following formula is tried to achieve carrier is a course angle
In the formula, H X ", H Y ", H Z ", H X, H YBe respectively three magnetic field strength component on the carrier change in coordinate axis direction that Magnetic Sensor measures and the magnetic field strength component of geographic coordinate system X-axis and Y direction.
Simultaneously, utilize three magnetic sensors, calculate pitching angle theta according to following formula cWith roll angle γ c, be used to provide confidence level.
Carrying out reckoning carries out as follows:
During system motion, the displacement information that quadratic integral can obtain system is carried out in the output of degree of will speed up meter, can calibrate at particular point according to the length of standard drilling rod and standard traffic cable, to improve the precision of displacement information.
According to displacement information and attitude of carrier angle is pitching angle theta and roll angle γ and position angle
Figure G2009100817596D00075
Use the positional information that the reckoning principle can obtain carrier.
Position credibility is calculated and is carried out as follows:
When system quiescence, pitching angle theta that the dual acceleration meter resolves and roll angle γ precision are very high, can regard exact value as.Contrast Magnetic Sensor at this moment resolves output θ cAnd γ c, can obtain the confidence level of position and azimuth information:
β = 1 - | θ - θ c | | θ |
Or: β = 1 - | γ - γ c | | γ |
Data storage and let-off gear(stand) 410 comprise high capacity storage chip and RS232 communication interface circuit, communicate with other computing machines, data are derived, as history data store.K9F2808U0 is the FLASH storer of 16M*8 position, is used for the storage of data.
Human-computer interaction device 409 based on LCD display, shows in real time to measurement result.Dynamic display information comprises 3 attitude angle information (course angle, the angle of pitch, roll angle), 4 voyage information (total voyage of X-axis voyage, Y-axis voyage, Z axle voyage, system's process) and 2 graphic display information (angle of pitch, roll angle).
Based on the non-excavation measurement while drilling system of inertial technology, may further comprise the steps with the DATA REASONING of boring unit 11:
Step 501 is gathered acceleration information;
Step 502, the collecting temperature data;
Step 503 is gathered geomagnetic data;
Step 504 forms Frame and is sent to monitoring unit.
Based on the non-excavation measurement while drilling system of inertial technology, the control procedure of monitoring unit 22 may further comprise the steps:
Step 601, control module receive with boring the data that transmit the unit line data verification of going forward side by side;
Step 602, whether checking data is correct, otherwise execution in step 601;
Step 603 reads the data of the acceleration 2 of the acceleration 1 of first 3-axis acceleration sensor and second 3-axis acceleration sensor;
Whether step 604, the X-axis data absolute value of judging acceleration 1 greater than threshold value, is execution in step 613 then;
Step 605 is calculated with the data of acceleration 1;
Step 606, output tools for angle and drill bit inclination angle;
Step 607, the reckoning of navigating;
Step 608 provides temperature compensation;
Step 609 provides the evaluation of electromagnetic interference (EMI) power, provides the confidence level of position and azimuth information;
Step 610 judges whether derived data, is execution in step 615 then;
Step 611 judges whether to withdraw from, otherwise execution in step 601;
Step 612 finishes;
Step 613 is with acceleration 2 data computation;
Step 614, coordinate conversion, execution in step 606;
Step 615, by the serial ports derived data, execution in step 611.
Owing to adopted temperature sensor and data processing and resolver can provide with the temperature of boring the unit, and temperature compensated, Redundancy Design by 3-axis acceleration sensor, promptly use two 3-axis acceleration sensors can provide reliable drill bit inclination angle, tools for angle and course angle, because data processing and resolver provide with reference to course and position and confidence level thereof by respective algorithms, again owing to adopted the mode of direct current carrier communication, measurement sensors such as acceleration transducer have been adopted, the antijamming capability of system is strengthened, can be provided measurement result more reliably.
Above embodiment is described preferred implementation of the present invention; be not that scope of the present invention is limited; design under the prerequisite of spirit not breaking away from the present invention; various distortion and improvement that the common engineering technical personnel in this area make technical scheme of the present invention all should fall in the definite protection domain of claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology, comprise be installed on the drilling system with bore unit (11) with the monitoring unit (22) that is connected drilling system by cable; Described with bore unit (11) comprise first 3-axis acceleration sensor (401), temperature sensor (403), magnetic sensor (404) and data processing equipment (405);
Described first 3-axis acceleration sensor (401) is used for three components of the acceleration of gravity of measuring system when static, and then the drill bit inclination angle and the tools for angle of the system of acquisition, measuring system obtains the displacement data of system in the acceleration of motion of three directions, and data are sent;
Described temperature sensor (403) is used for measuring the temperature with boring unit (11), and temperature data is sent;
Described ground magnetic sensor (404) is used for obtaining azimuth reference by the angle that detects bit heading and terrestrial magnetic pole direction, obtains the traffic direction of drill bit, and data are sent;
Described data processing equipment (405) is used to read or measurement data, and forms Frame, sends;
Described monitoring unit (22) comprises human-computer interaction device (409), data storage and let-off gear(stand) (410) and data processing and resolver (408);
Described human-computer interaction device (409) is used for measurement result and resolves the result showing in real time;
Described data storage and let-off gear(stand) (410) are used for measurement data and resolved data derives and storage;
Described data processing and resolver (408) be used to receive the normal gravity data, magnetic sensor measurement data, temperature data, and data are carried out verification and processing, measurement compensates with the temperature of boring unit (11) and to temperature, thereby calculate tools for angle and drill bit inclination angle, provide the evaluation that course and position and confidence level thereof provide the electromagnetic interference (EMI) power, send measurement result and resolve the result to storage or demonstration;
It is characterized in that, describedly also comprise second 3-axis acceleration sensor (402) and carrier communication dispensing device (406) with boring unit (11);
When described second 3-axis acceleration sensor (402) is used for the X-axis data absolute value measured at first 3-axis acceleration sensor (401) greater than 0.8g, when measuring system is static at the acceleration of gravity of three directions, the drill bit inclination angle and the tools for angle of acquisition system, and data are sent to described data processing equipment (405);
Described carrier communication dispensing device (406) is used to receive the Frame that described data processing equipment (405) transmits, and sends;
Described monitoring unit (22) also comprises carrier communication receiving trap (407);
Described carrier communication receiving trap (407) is used to receive the data that described carrier communication dispensing device (406) sends, and transfers out.
2. the non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, when described data processing and resolver (408) carry out computational tool towards angle and drill bit inclination angle, judge that whether X-axis data absolute value that described first 3-axis acceleration sensor (401) transmits is greater than threshold value, be not more than and then adopt the data that first 3-axis acceleration sensor (401) transmits to carry out computational tool, greater than data computation tools for angle that then adopts second 3-axis acceleration sensor (402) to transmit and drill bit inclination angle towards angle and drill bit inclination angle.
3. the non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology according to claim 2 is characterized in that, described threshold value is 0.8g.
4. the non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology according to claim 3 is characterized in that, described first 3-axis acceleration sensor (401) and described second 3-axis acceleration sensor (402) are installed on two planes with declinate.
5. the non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology according to claim 4 is characterized in that, the declinate on described first 3-axis acceleration sensor (401) and described second 3-axis acceleration sensor (402) plane, place is 45 °.
6. the non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology according to claim 5 is characterized in that, described carrier communication dispensing device (406) and described carrier communication receiving trap (407) transmit data with the direct current carrier system.
7. the non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology according to claim 6 is characterized in that, described data processing and resolver (408) adopt the ARM microprocessor.
8. the non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology according to claim 7 is characterized in that, described carrier communication dispensing device (406) and described carrier communication receiving trap (407) adopt the P485 chip.
9. the non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology according to claim 8 is characterized in that, described carrier communication dispensing device (406) adopts standard cable to be connected with described carrier communication receiving trap (407).
10. measuring method according to any described non-excavation measurement while drilling system based on inertial technology among the claim 1-9 is characterized in that described DATA REASONING and control method may further comprise the steps:
1) gathers acceleration information with boring the unit;
2) with boring unit collecting temperature data;
3) gather geomagnetic data with boring the unit;
4) be sent to monitoring unit with boring unit formation Frame;
5) control module receives with boring the data that transmit the unit line data verification of going forward side by side;
6) whether checking data is correct, otherwise execution in step 5);
7) read the data of the acceleration 2 of the acceleration 1 of first 3-axis acceleration sensor and second 3-axis acceleration sensor;
8) whether the X-axis data absolute value of judging acceleration 1 greater than threshold value, is execution in step 17 then);
9) calculate with the data of acceleration 1;
10) output tools for angle and drill bit inclination angle;
11) carry out reckoning;
12) provide temperature compensation;
13) provide the evaluation of electromagnetic interference (EMI) power, provide position and course angle Reliability of Information;
14) judging whether derived data, is execution in step 19 then);
15) judge whether to withdraw from, otherwise execution in step 5);
16) finish;
17) with acceleration 2 data computation;
18) coordinate conversion, execution in step 10);
19) by the serial ports derived data, execution in step 15).
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