CN101530055A - Method for transplanting wile big toona ciliata var. pubescens(II) - Google Patents

Method for transplanting wile big toona ciliata var. pubescens(II) Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101530055A
CN101530055A CN200910094331A CN200910094331A CN101530055A CN 101530055 A CN101530055 A CN 101530055A CN 200910094331 A CN200910094331 A CN 200910094331A CN 200910094331 A CN200910094331 A CN 200910094331A CN 101530055 A CN101530055 A CN 101530055A
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transplanting
tree
native
leaf
water
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CN200910094331A
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CN101530055B (en
Inventor
李尹
李荣春
赵懋琨
熊加旭
岳元良
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BAOSHAN AOXIN GREEN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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BAOSHAN AOXIN GREEN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for transplanting wile big toona ciliata var. pubescens(II), comprising the following steps: 1. selection during transplantation; 2. root pruning before transplantation; 3. obtaining of the tree; 4. transporting; 5. pruning; 6. threshing; 7. moisture preservation of caulis; 8. digging of a hole; 9. planting of the tree; 10. fixed supporting; 11. transfusion of the trunk; 12. daily management and protection; 13. extermination of disease and insect pest; 14. nursing throughout the winter; 15. time and technique for retransplantation. The transplantation technique of the invention can cause survival rate of the wild big toona ciliata var. pubescens(II) to reach 100%.

Description

The method of the big tree of a kind of transplanting wild hair toon
Technical field
The present invention is the transplanting field of trees.
Background technology
Hair toon (Toona ciliate Roem.var.pubescens Hand.-Mazzz.), fallen leaves or nearly aiphyllium, 30 meters of Gao Keda are born in the cheuch woods of 560-1550 meters of height above sea level or limit, other village, river.Semi-ring-porous wood, the dark red brown of heartwood, the sapwood look more shallow, and the decorative pattern color and luster is attractive in appearance, and tool fragrance is prevented damaging by worms corrosion resistant.Material is light and soft medium, and drying shrinkage is medium, fast drying, and easily processing, paint and glueability are all good, be most appropriate to as noble furniture, interior decoration, plywood and various thick china, model etc., water-fast wet, also can be used for shipbuilding.Bark contains tannin 12-18%, can extract tannin extract.Still there is not at present the report that wild hair toon transplanting big tree survives.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides the method for the big tree of a kind of transplanting wild hair toon, adopt this kind method to transplant the redwood lotus, its survival rate reaches 100%.
The present invention has adopted following technical scheme: the method for the big tree of a kind of transplanting wild hair toon, and it adopts following steps: step 1, transplanting period: a hair toon all can be transplanted throughout the year, but best transplanting period is early spring.Step 2, the processing of being completely cured before transplanting: these seeds do not need the processing of being completely cured.Step 3, get tree: when taking tree, native bulb diameter should be at more than 6 times of the tree bar diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground, and the degree of depth is not less than native bulb diameter 60%, after taking, bundlees native ball with straw rope, prevents that native ball from dissipating, and straw rope is watered, to keep native ball and root moisture.Step 4, transportation: transportation will be noted 2 points, the firstth, and transport to as early as possible and transplant ground, to guarantee to plant after generally getting tree at the 3rd day.The secondth, must guarantee in the transportation that native ball does not loose, the straw rope of Bao Tuqiu is moistening all the time.To the excessive unfavorable transportation of tree crown, suitably prune and in draw processing.Step 5, pruning: according to transplanting the intensity that the time decision is pruned, transplant at best transplanting time and be generally the ornamental value that guarantees tree, can not prune or slightly prune.If transplanting At All Other Times, be slightly prune to moderate.Step 6, beat leaf:,, slightly beat leaf, and remove 50% leaf in best transplanting time transplanting according to transplanting the intensity that leaf is beaten in the time decision.If, moderate to beat leaf, and remove 80% leaf transplanting At All Other Times.Step 7, stem are preserved moisture: with the straw rope of 2 centimetres of diameters on stem with 5-7 centimetres be wound into 1/2nd height of stem apart from spiral, and, reach the purpose that stem is preserved moisture with the straw rope outer wrapping of plastic film at spiral.Step 8, Wa Tang: the diameter on the tree planting pool is twice above than native bulb diameter, and the degree of depth is 1.5-2 times of native ball.Step 9, tree planting: in the native pool of digging, will evenly spread fertilizer over the fields with " soil disinfection bactericide " 100 grams in each cave, apply an amount of fertilizer; The chesson of backfill 1/3rd thickness discharges water in the native pool, allows water logging not have chesson, and appropriateness stirs the water and soil earth in the native pool.Remove the straw rope of native ball, to root spray root-rot spirit and root-inducing promoter, when it is fine branches and leaves and the whole strain of trunk are sprayed " inhibition evaporant ", to the anticorrosion processing of smearing or make skin graft of carrying out disinfection of wound is arranged, tree vertically plant in the pool of burying, allow native ball fully contact with earth, return soil then and advance Tu Tang, compacting, and allow native pool periphery be higher than the upper surface of native ball, water sufficient field planting water at last.Step 10, fixed support: scrape for preventing big wind that to cause trunk to wave loosening, must in time establish support and fix.Carry out triangular support with three thick rods as pillar.During upright pillar the base portion of pillar withstood on the hole help and imbed 30cm~40cm in the soil (centimetre) with foot-operated real, the other end of pillar is tied up on trunk, forms firm triangular supports.The wood chip dottle pin is noted filling up in support and bark junction, in order to avoid the bark that frays.Simple, unessential work that fixed support seems, but in fact be to guarantee one of essential condition that survives.Step 11, the transfusion of tree bar: syringe needle is inserted tree bar base portion, containing on the liquid bag reversal of the natural order of things tree, manage straight woven hose, water liquid promptly slowly injects tree.Step 12, daily managing and protecting: the daily emphasis of managing and protecting is moisture and the soil moisture that keeps tree.Transplant just rainwater season at best transplanting time, the number of times and the water yield of watering, spraying water according to actual conditions control.If transplanting At All Other Times, particularly transplant dry season, every other day, to whole strain plant water spray once, watered water of foot to the tree pool every 3 days.Increasing twice spray blanking time after one month waters once.Step 13, the extermination of disease and insect pest: toon, hair toon seldom have damage by disease and insect to take place, and do not need special nursing.Step 14, the nursing of surviving the winter: in the middle regions of the Yunnan Province area or 2000 meters once the zone of height above sea level plant and do not need SC.Step 15, transplanting time and technology once more: can transplant once more after general half a year.The survival rate that the above-mentioned transplantation technique of application is transplanted once more after half a year is 100%.
Embodiment
The hair toon all can be transplanted throughout the year, but best transplanting period be early spring, be mid-February in Yunnan Province.These seeds do not need the processing of being completely cured in advance.When taking tree, native bulb diameter should be at more than 6 times of tree bar base diameter, and the degree of depth is not less than native bulb diameter 60%, after taking, bundlees native ball with straw rope, prevents that native ball from dissipating, and straw rope is watered, to keep native ball and root moisture.Transport to as early as possible and transplant ground, will guarantee to plant after generally getting tree at the 3rd day.Must guarantee in the transportation that native ball does not loose, the straw rope of Bao Tuqiu is moistening all the time.To the excessive unfavorable transportation of tree crown, suitably prune and in draw processing.According to transplanting the intensity that the time decision is pruned, transplant at best transplanting time and be generally the ornamental value that guarantees tree, can not prune or slightly prune.If transplanting At All Other Times, be slightly prune to moderate.According to transplanting the intensity that leaf is beaten in the time decision, transplant at best transplanting time, slightly beat leaf, and remove 50% leaf.If, moderate to beat leaf, and remove 80% leaf transplanting At All Other Times.With the straw rope of 2 centimetres of diameters on stem with 5-7 centimetres be wound into 1/2nd height of stem apart from spiral, and, reach the purpose that stem is preserved moisture with the straw rope outer wrapping of plastic film at spiral.The diameter on the tree planting pool is twice above than native bulb diameter, the degree of depth is 1.5-2 times of native ball.In the native pool of digging, to evenly spread fertilizer over the fields with " soil disinfection bactericide " 100 grams in each cave, apply an amount of fertilizer; The chesson of backfill 1/3rd thickness discharges water in the native pool, allows water logging not have chesson, and appropriateness stirs the water and soil earth in the native pool.Remove the straw rope of native ball, to root spray root-rot spirit and root-inducing promoter, when it is fine branches and leaves and the whole strain of trunk are sprayed " inhibition evaporant ", to the anticorrosion processing of smearing or make skin graft of carrying out disinfection of wound is arranged, tree vertically plant in the pool of burying, allow native ball fully contact with earth, return soil then and advance Tu Tang, compacting, and allow native pool periphery be higher than the upper surface of native ball, water sufficient field planting water at last.Fixed support: scrape for preventing big wind that to cause trunk to wave loosening, must in time establish support and fix.Carry out triangular support with three thick rods as pillar.During upright pillar the base portion of pillar withstood on the hole help and imbed 30cm~40cm in the soil (centimetre) with foot-operated real, the other end of pillar is tied up on trunk, forms firm triangular supports.The wood chip dottle pin is noted filling up in support and bark junction, in order to avoid the bark that frays.The transfusion of tree bar: syringe needle is inserted tree bar base portion, containing on the liquid bag reversal of the natural order of things tree, manage straight woven hose, water liquid promptly slowly injects tree.The daily emphasis of managing and protecting is moisture and the soil moisture that keeps tree.Transplant just rainwater season at best transplanting time, the number of times and the water yield of watering, spraying water according to actual conditions control.If transplanting At All Other Times, particularly transplant dry season, every other day, to whole strain plant water spray once, watered water of foot to the tree pool every 3 days.Increasing twice spray blanking time after one month waters once.Toon, hair toon seldom have damage by disease and insect to take place, and do not need special nursing.In the middle regions of the Yunnan Province area or 2000 meters once the zone of height above sea level plant and do not need to carry out special antifreeze nursing.Can transplant once more after general half a year.The survival rate that the above-mentioned transplantation technique of application is transplanted once more after half a year is 100%.

Claims (9)

1, the method for the big tree of a kind of transplanting wild hair toon, it adopts following steps:
Step 1, transplanting period: a hair toon all can be transplanted throughout the year, but best transplanting period be early spring, be mid-February in Yunnan Province;
Step 2, the processing of being completely cured before transplanting: these seeds do not need the processing of being completely cured;
Step 3, get tree: when taking tree, native bulb diameter should be at more than 6 times of the tree bar diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground, and the degree of depth is not less than native bulb diameter 60%, after taking, bundlees native ball with straw rope, prevents that native ball from dissipating, and straw rope is watered, to keep native ball and root moisture;
Step 4, transportation: transportation will be noted 2 points, the firstth, and transport to as early as possible and transplant ground, to guarantee to plant after generally getting tree at the 3rd day, the secondth, must guarantee in the transportation that native ball does not loose, the straw rope of Bao Tuqiu is moistening all the time.To the excessive unfavorable transportation of tree crown, suitably prune and in draw processing;
Step 5, pruning: according to transplanting the intensity that the time decision is pruned, transplant at best transplanting time and be generally the ornamental value that guarantees tree, can not prune or slightly prune.If transplanting At All Other Times, be slightly prune to moderate;
Step 6, beat leaf: according to transplanting the intensity that leaf is beaten in the time decision, transplant, slightly beat leaf, and remove 50% leaf, if, moderate to beat leaf, and remove 80% leaf in transplanting At All Other Times at best transplanting time;
Step 7, stem are preserved moisture: with the straw rope of 2 centimetres of diameters on stem with 5-7 centimetres be wound into 1/2nd height of stem apart from spiral, and, reach the purpose that stem is preserved moisture with the straw rope outer wrapping of plastic film at spiral;
Step 8, Wa Tang: the diameter on the tree planting pool is twice above than native bulb diameter, and the degree of depth is 1.5-2 times of native ball;
Step 9, plant trees: in the native pool of digging, will evenly spread fertilizer over the fields with " soil disinfection bactericide " 100 grams in each cave, apply an amount of fertilizer, the chesson of backfill 1/3rd thickness, discharge water in the native pool, allow water logging not have chesson, appropriateness stirs the water and soil earth in the native pool, removes the straw rope of native ball, to root spray root-rot spirit and root-inducing promoter, when it is fine branches and leaves and the whole strain of trunk are sprayed " inhibition evaporant ", to the anticorrosion processing of smearing or make skin graft of carrying out disinfection of wound is arranged, tree vertically plant in the pool of burying, allow native ball fully contact with earth, return soil then and advance Tu Tang, compacting, and allow native pool periphery be higher than the upper surface of native ball, water sufficient field planting water at last;
Step 10, fixed support: scrape for preventing big wind that to cause trunk to wave loosening, must in time establish support fixes, carry out triangular support with three thick rods as pillar, during upright pillar the base portion of pillar withstood on the hole help and imbed 30cm~40cm in the soil (centimetre) with foot-operated real, the other end of pillar is tied up on trunk, form firm triangular supports, the wood chip dottle pin is noted filling up in support and bark junction, in order to avoid the bark that frays;
Step 11, the transfusion of tree bar: syringe needle is inserted tree bar base portion, containing on the liquid bag reversal of the natural order of things tree, manage straight woven hose, water liquid promptly slowly injects tree;
Step 12, daily managing and protecting: the daily emphasis of managing and protecting is moisture and the soil moisture that keeps tree, transplant just rainwater season at best transplanting time, control the number of times and the water yield of watering, spraying water according to actual conditions, if transplanting At All Other Times, particularly transplant dry season, every other day, to whole strain plant water spray once, watered water of foot every 3 days to the tree pool, increase twice spray blanking time after one month and water once;
Step 13, the extermination of disease and insect pest: the hair toon seldom has damage by disease and insect to take place, and does not need special nursing;
Step 14, the nursing of surviving the winter: in the middle regions of the Yunnan Province area or 2000 meters once the zone of height above sea level plant and do not need SC;
Step 15, transplanting time and technology once more: can transplant once more after general half a year, use above-mentioned transplantation technique after half a year and transplant once more.
2, the method for the big tree of a kind of transplanting wild hair toon according to claim 1 is characterized in that the described best transplanting of step 1 period is early spring.
3, the method for the big tree of a kind of transplanting wild hair toon according to claim 1 is characterized in that described being completely cured of step 2 handle and should carry out in preceding 3-6 months in transplanting, or the bigger often native ball of transplanting.
4, the method for the big tree of a kind of transplanting wild hair toon according to claim 1 is characterized in that step 3 is described to take when tree, and native bulb diameter should be at more than 5 times of tree bar base diameter, and the degree of depth is not less than native bulb diameter 60%.
5, the method for the big tree of a kind of transplanting wild hair toon according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the described leaf amount of beating of step 6 is according to transplanting the intensity that leaf is beaten in the time decision, transplant at best transplanting time, the slight leaf (removing 50% leaf) of beating, if, moderate to beat leaf (removing 80% leaf) transplanting At All Other Times.
6, the method for the big tree of a kind of transplanting wild hair toon according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the described stem of step 7 preserves moisture, the straw rope of using 2 centimetres of diameters on stem with 5-7 centimetres be wound into 1/2nd height of stem apart from spiral, and with the straw rope outer wrapping of plastic film at spiral.
7, the method for the big tree of a kind of transplanting wild hair toon according to claim 1, the diameter that it is characterized in that the described tree planting of the step 8 pool is twice above than native bulb diameter, and the degree of depth is 1.5-2 times of native ball.
8, the method for the big tree of a kind of transplanting wild hair toon according to claim 1 is characterized in that the described tree planting of the step 9 pool will evenly spread fertilizer over the fields " soil disinfection bactericide " 100 gram.
9, the method for the big tree of a kind of transplanting wild hair toon according to claim 1, it is characterized in that step 9 requires to remove fully the straw rope on the native ball, and, when it is fine, branches and leaves and the whole strain of trunk are sprayed " inhibition evaporant " to root spray root-rot spirit and root-inducing promoter.
CN2009100943315A 2009-04-10 2009-04-10 Method for transplanting wile big toona ciliata var. pubescens(II) Expired - Fee Related CN101530055B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106962098A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-07-21 云南成卓园林绿化景观工程有限公司 Pine tree method for transplanting
CN107258293A (en) * 2017-07-21 2017-10-20 四川省林业科学研究院 A kind of rich root method for culturing seedlings of toon rapid cuttage
CN108243809A (en) * 2018-03-05 2018-07-06 甘肃省农业科学院林果花卉研究所 A kind of young age fruit tree safe overwintering method

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1373989A (en) * 2002-04-17 2002-10-16 成都绿金生物科技有限责任公司 Nim cultivating technology in northern area
CN1418535A (en) * 2002-12-31 2003-05-21 黄立海 Method for cultivating cinaberry trees

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106962098A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-07-21 云南成卓园林绿化景观工程有限公司 Pine tree method for transplanting
CN107258293A (en) * 2017-07-21 2017-10-20 四川省林业科学研究院 A kind of rich root method for culturing seedlings of toon rapid cuttage
CN108243809A (en) * 2018-03-05 2018-07-06 甘肃省农业科学院林果花卉研究所 A kind of young age fruit tree safe overwintering method
CN108243809B (en) * 2018-03-05 2020-08-04 甘肃省农业科学院林果花卉研究所 Safe overwintering method for young fruit trees

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