CN101530053A - Method for transplanting wild big myrica esculenta - Google Patents

Method for transplanting wild big myrica esculenta Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101530053A
CN101530053A CN200910094329A CN200910094329A CN101530053A CN 101530053 A CN101530053 A CN 101530053A CN 200910094329 A CN200910094329 A CN 200910094329A CN 200910094329 A CN200910094329 A CN 200910094329A CN 101530053 A CN101530053 A CN 101530053A
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Prior art keywords
transplanting
native
tree
pool
root
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CN200910094329A
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Inventor
李尹
李荣春
赵懋琨
熊加旭
万里阳
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YUNNAN XINZHIXIN LANDSCAPE ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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YUNNAN XINZHIXIN LANDSCAPE ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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Priority to CN200910094329A priority Critical patent/CN101530053A/en
Publication of CN101530053A publication Critical patent/CN101530053A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for transplanting wild big myrica esculenta, comprising the following steps: 1. selection during transplantation; 2. root pruning before transplantation; 3. obtaining of the tree; 4. transporting; 5. pruning; 6. threshing; 7. moisture preservation of caulis; 8. digging of a hole; 9. planting of the tree; 10. fixed supporting; 11. transfusion of the trunk; 12. daily management and protection; 13. extermination of disease and insect pest; 14. nursing throughout the winter; 15. time and technique for retransplantation. The transplantation technique of the invention can cause survival rate of the wild big myrica esculenta to reach over 95%.

Description

A kind of method of transplanting wild big myrica esculenta
Technical field
The present invention is the transplanting field of trees.
Background technology
Hair red bayberry (Myrica esculata Buch.-Ham.): aiphyllium, up to 10 meters, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground reaches 40 centimetres, is born in the cheuch thick forest or hillside sparse woods of height above sea level 1400-2300, also is common on the dry hillside.Timber is hard, is material such as building, farm implements.Bark contains tannin 10-27%, can make dye well astringent pharmaceutically, and the root skin is used as medicine, and controls diarrhoea, and fruit is edible.Still the report that does not have at present the wild big myrica esculenta transplant survival.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of method of transplanting wild big myrica esculenta, adopt this kind method to transplant the redwood lotus, its survival rate reaches more than 95%.
The present invention has adopted following technical scheme: the method that a kind of mao of red bayberry transplanted, and it adopts following steps: step 1, transplanting period: a mao red bayberry all can be transplanted throughout the year, but the initial stage that best transplanting is rainwater period to be begun season.Step 2, processings of being completely cured before transplanting: the processing of transplanting preceding 6 months or be completely cured for more time.Step 3, get tree: when taking tree, native bulb diameter should be at more than 5 times of tree bar base diameter, and the degree of depth is not less than native bulb diameter 60%, after taking, bundlees native ball with straw rope, prevents that native ball from dissipating.Step 4, transportation: transportation will be noted 2 points, the firstth, and to blade spray " inhibition evaporant ", it is too much to reduce water deficit in a plant.The secondth, must guarantee in the transportation that native ball does not loose.To the excessive unfavorable transportation of tree crown, suitably prune and in draw processing.Step 5, pruning: according to transplanting the intensity that the time decision is pruned, transplant at best transplanting time and be generally the ornamental value that guarantees tree, can not prune or slightly prune.If transplanting At All Other Times, be slightly prune to moderate.Step 6, beat leaf: according to transplanting the intensity that leaf is beaten in the time decision, door frame leaf in best transplanting time is transplanted, be leading, the peripheral slight leaf of beating.If, severe to beat leaf transplanting At All Other Times.Step 7, stem are preserved moisture: with the straw rope of 2 centimetres of diameters on stem with 25 centimetres be wound into 1/2nd height of stem apart from spiral, and, reach the purpose that stem is preserved moisture with the straw rope outer wrapping of plastic film at spiral.Step 8, Wa Tang: the diameter on the tree planting pool is twice above than native bulb diameter, and the degree of depth is 1.5-2 times of native ball.Step 9, tree planting: in the native pool of digging, will evenly spread fertilizer over the fields with " soil disinfection bactericide " 100 grams in each cave, apply an amount of fertilizer; The chesson of backfill 1/3rd thickness discharges water in the native pool, allows water logging not have chesson, and appropriateness stirs the water and soil earth in the native pool.And adding an amount of " root-inducing powder " is mixed thoroughly.Remove the straw rope of native ball, to root spray root-rot spirit and root-inducing promoter, when it is fine branches and leaves and the whole strain of trunk are sprayed " inhibition evaporant ", to the anticorrosion processing of smearing or make skin graft of carrying out disinfection of wound is arranged, tree vertically plant in the pool of burying, allow native ball fully contact with earth, return soil then and advance Tu Tang, compacting, and allow native pool periphery be higher than the upper surface of native ball, water sufficient field planting water at last.Step 10, fixed support: scrape for preventing big wind that to cause trunk to wave loosening, must in time establish support and fix.The wood chip dottle pin is noted filling up in support and bark junction, in order to avoid the bark that frays.Step 11, the transfusion of tree bar: syringe needle is inserted tree bar base portion with the 45 degree, containing on the liquid bag reversal of the natural order of things tree, manage straight woven hose, water liquid promptly slowly injects tree.According to need, can fail short take root liquid or moisture content.Step 12, daily managing and protecting: emphasis is moisture and the soil moisture that keeps tree.But water not timing pouring is furnished with pure liquid of taking root.Step 13, the extermination of disease and insect pest: Ternstroemia gymnanthera seldom has damage by disease and insect to take place, and does not need special nursing.Step 14, the nursing of surviving the winter: in the middle regions of the Yunnan Province area or 2000 meters once the zone of height above sea level plant and do not need SC.Step 15, transplanting time and technology once more: can transplant once more after general half a year.The survival rate that the above-mentioned transplantation technique of application is transplanted once more after half a year is more than 95%.
Embodiment
The initial stage that rainwater begins season transplants the hair red bayberry.In transplanting preceding 6 months or be completely cured for more time processing.When taking tree, native bulb diameter should be at more than 5 times of tree bar base diameter, and the degree of depth is not less than native bulb diameter 60%, after taking, bundlees native ball with straw rope, prevents that native ball from dissipating.Transport big tree and will note 2 points, the firstth, to blade spray " inhibition evaporant ", it is too much to reduce water deficit in a plant.The secondth, must guarantee in the transportation that native ball does not loose.To the excessive unfavorable transportation of tree crown, suitably prune and in draw processing.According to transplanting the intensity that the time decision is pruned, transplant at best transplanting time and be generally the ornamental value that guarantees tree, can not prune or slightly prune.If transplanting At All Other Times, be slightly prune to moderate.According to transplanting the intensity that leaf is beaten in the time decision, door frame leaf in best transplanting time is transplanted, be leading, the peripheral leaf of slightly beating.If, severe to beat leaf transplanting At All Other Times.With the straw rope of 2 centimetres of diameters on stem with 25 centimetres be wound into 1/2nd height of stem apart from spiral, and, reach the purpose that stem is preserved moisture with the straw rope outer wrapping of plastic film at spiral.The diameter on the tree planting pool is twice above than native bulb diameter, the degree of depth is 1.5-2 times of native ball.In the native pool of digging, to evenly spread fertilizer over the fields with " soil disinfection bactericide " 100 grams in each cave, apply an amount of fertilizer; The chesson of backfill 1/3rd thickness discharges water in the native pool, allows water logging not have chesson, and appropriateness stirs the water and soil earth in the native pool.And adding an amount of " root-inducing powder " is mixed thoroughly.Remove the straw rope of native ball, to root spray root-rot spirit and root-inducing promoter, when it is fine branches and leaves and the whole strain of trunk are sprayed " inhibition evaporant ", to the anticorrosion processing of smearing or make skin graft of carrying out disinfection of wound is arranged, tree vertically plant in the pool of burying, allow native ball fully contact with earth, return soil then and advance Tu Tang, compacting, and allow native pool periphery be higher than the upper surface of native ball, water sufficient field planting water at last.For preventing that big wind from scraping that to cause trunk to wave loosening, must in time establish support and fix.The wood chip dottle pin is noted filling up in support and bark junction, in order to avoid the bark that frays.The transfusion of tree bar is inserted tree bar base portion with syringe needle with the 45 degree, containing on the liquid bag reversal of the natural order of things tree, manages straight woven hose, and water liquid promptly slowly injects tree.According to need, can fail short take root liquid or moisture content.The daily emphasis of managing and protecting is moisture and the soil moisture that keeps tree.But water not timing pouring is furnished with pure liquid of taking root.Ternstroemia gymnanthera seldom has damage by disease and insect to take place, and does not need special nursing.In the middle regions of the Yunnan Province area or 2000 meters once the zone of height above sea level plant and do not need special winter protection nursing.Can transplant once more after general half a year.The survival rate that the above-mentioned transplantation technique of application is transplanted once more after half a year is more than 95%.

Claims (9)

1, a kind of method of transplanting wild big myrica esculenta, it adopts following steps:
Step 1, transplanting period: a hair red bayberry all can be transplanted throughout the year, but the initial stage that best transplanting is rainwater period to be begun season;
Step 2, processings of being completely cured before transplanting: the processing of transplanting preceding 6 months or be completely cured for more time;
Step 3, get tree: when taking tree, native bulb diameter should be at more than 5 times of tree bar base diameter, and the degree of depth is not less than native bulb diameter 60%, after taking, bundlees native ball with straw rope, prevents that native ball from dissipating;
Step 4, transportation: transportation will be noted 2 points, the firstth, to blade spray " inhibition evaporant ", it is too much to reduce water deficit in a plant, the secondth, must guarantee in the transportation that native ball does not loose, to the excessive unfavorable transportation of tree crown, suitably prune and in draw processing;
Step 5, pruning: according to transplanting the intensity that the time decision is pruned, transplant at best transplanting time and be generally the ornamental value that guarantees tree, can not prune or slightly prune,, be slightly prune to moderate if transplanting At All Other Times;
Step 6, beat leaf: according to transplanting the intensity that leaf is beaten in the time decision, door frame leaf in best transplanting time is transplanted, be leading, the peripheral leaf of slightly beating is if in transplanting At All Other Times, severe to beat leaf;
Step 7, stem are preserved moisture: with the straw rope of 2 centimetres of diameters on stem with 25 centimetres be wound into 1/2nd height of stem apart from spiral, and, reach the purpose that stem is preserved moisture with the straw rope outer wrapping of plastic film at spiral;
Step 8, Wa Tang: the diameter on the tree planting pool is twice above than native bulb diameter, and the degree of depth is 1.5-2 times of native ball;
Step 9, tree planting: in the native pool of digging, will evenly spread fertilizer over the fields with " soil disinfection bactericide " 100 grams in each cave, apply an amount of fertilizer; The chesson of backfill 1/3rd thickness discharges water in the native pool, allows water logging not have chesson, and appropriateness stirs the water and soil earth in the native pool.And adding an amount of " root-inducing powder " is mixed thoroughly, remove the straw rope of native ball, to root spray root-rot spirit and root-inducing promoter, when it is fine branches and leaves and the whole strain of trunk are sprayed " inhibition evaporant ", to the anticorrosion processing of smearing or make skin graft of carrying out disinfection of wound is arranged, tree vertically plant in the pool of burying, allow native ball fully contact, return soil then and advance Tu Tang, compacting with earth, and allow native pool periphery be higher than the upper surface of native ball, water sufficient field planting water at last;
Step 10, fixed support: scrape for preventing big wind that to cause trunk to wave loosening, must in time establish support and fix, the wood chip dottle pin is noted filling up in support and bark junction, in order to avoid the bark that frays;
Step 11, the transfusion of tree bar: syringe needle is inserted tree bar base portion with the 45 degree, containing on the liquid bag reversal of the natural order of things tree, manage straight woven hose, water liquid promptly slowly injects tree, can fail short take root liquid or moisture content according to need;
Step 12, daily managing and protecting: emphasis is moisture and the soil moisture that keeps tree, but water not timing pouring is furnished with pure liquid of taking root;
Step 13, the extermination of disease and insect pest: Ternstroemia gymnanthera seldom has damage by disease and insect to take place, and does not need special nursing;
Step 14, the nursing of surviving the winter: in the middle regions of the Yunnan Province area or 2000 meters once the zone of height above sea level plant and do not need SC;
Step 15, transplanting time and technology once more: can transplant once more after general half a year, using the survival rate that above-mentioned transplantation technique transplants once more after half a year is 100%.
2, the method for a kind of transplanting wild big myrica esculenta according to claim 1 is characterized in that the initial stage that the described best transplanting of step 1 period begins for rainwater season.
3, the method for a kind of transplanting wild big myrica esculenta according to claim 1 is characterized in that described being completely cured of step 2 handle in transplanting preceding 6 months or the longer time carries out.
4, the method for a kind of transplanting wild big myrica esculenta according to claim 1, it is characterized in that step 3 described take native bulb diameter should be at more than 5 times of tree bar base diameter, the degree of depth is not less than native bulb diameter 60%.
5, the method for a kind of transplanting wild big myrica esculenta according to claim 1 is characterized in that step 3 is described and takes native ball and use straw rope and bundle native ball, prevents that native ball from dissipating, and straw rope is watered, to keep native ball and root moisture.
6, the method for a kind of transplanting wild big myrica esculenta according to claim 1 is characterized in that will blade being sprayed " inhibition evaporant " in the described transportation of step 4.
7, the method for a kind of transplanting wild big myrica esculenta according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the described stem method for moisturizing of step 7 is: with the straw rope of 2 centimetres of diameters on stem with 25 centimetres be wound into 1/2nd height of stem apart from spiral, and with the straw rope outer wrapping of plastic film at spiral.
8, the method for a kind of transplanting wild big myrica esculenta according to claim 1, the diameter that it is characterized in that the described tree planting of the step 8 pool is twice above than native bulb diameter, and the degree of depth is 1.5-2 times of native ball.
9, the method for a kind of transplanting wild big myrica esculenta according to claim 1 is characterized in that will evenly spreading fertilizer over the fields in each cave in the described pool of step 9 " soil disinfection bactericide " 100 grams.
CN200910094329A 2009-04-10 2009-04-10 Method for transplanting wild big myrica esculenta Pending CN101530053A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103461067A (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-12-25 武汉法雅园林集团有限公司 Method for transplanting big trees in summer
CN103518589A (en) * 2013-10-19 2014-01-22 江苏天亮园林建设有限公司 Big-tree transplantation method
CN104067902A (en) * 2014-06-28 2014-10-01 崔涵宇 Method for enhancing transplanting survival rate of trees
CN104186079A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-10 蒋小春 Fertilizing method of waxberry after fruit picking
CN104396602A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-03-11 成都苗夫现代苗木科技有限公司 Modeling method of waxberry landscape tree
CN105028121A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-11-11 益阳市银丰园林景观有限公司 Large sweet osmanthus high survival rate transplanting technology
CN108834722A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-11-20 贵州台金农业技术开发有限责任公司 A kind of breeding method of cuckoo stub
CN111713370A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-09-29 福建省春天生态科技股份有限公司 Ecological maintenance method for improving seedling transplanting survival rate

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CN1489894A (en) * 2002-10-18 2004-04-21 何园球 High survival rate technology for transplanting red babyberry in large area
CN1579142A (en) * 2003-08-08 2005-02-16 王兴祥 High-servival technology for big tree transplanting
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CN1926956A (en) * 2006-09-27 2007-03-14 贵州宏晨山茶花资源开发研究所 Process for bit teabush transplantation and survival

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103461067A (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-12-25 武汉法雅园林集团有限公司 Method for transplanting big trees in summer
CN103518589A (en) * 2013-10-19 2014-01-22 江苏天亮园林建设有限公司 Big-tree transplantation method
CN103518589B (en) * 2013-10-19 2015-05-06 江苏天亮园林建设有限公司 Big-tree transplantation method
CN104067902A (en) * 2014-06-28 2014-10-01 崔涵宇 Method for enhancing transplanting survival rate of trees
CN104186079A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-12-10 蒋小春 Fertilizing method of waxberry after fruit picking
CN104396602A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-03-11 成都苗夫现代苗木科技有限公司 Modeling method of waxberry landscape tree
CN105028121A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-11-11 益阳市银丰园林景观有限公司 Large sweet osmanthus high survival rate transplanting technology
CN108834722A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-11-20 贵州台金农业技术开发有限责任公司 A kind of breeding method of cuckoo stub
CN111713370A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-09-29 福建省春天生态科技股份有限公司 Ecological maintenance method for improving seedling transplanting survival rate

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