CN101529368B - Methods for determining a cursor position from a finger contact with a touch screen display - Google Patents

Methods for determining a cursor position from a finger contact with a touch screen display Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101529368B
CN101529368B CN 200780040508 CN200780040508A CN101529368B CN 101529368 B CN101529368 B CN 101529368B CN 200780040508 CN200780040508 CN 200780040508 CN 200780040508 A CN200780040508 A CN 200780040508A CN 101529368 B CN101529368 B CN 101529368B
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China
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position
user interface
associated
interface object
contact
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CN 200780040508
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101529368A (en
Inventor
B·奥丁
G·克里斯蒂
I·乔德里
S·O·勒梅
S·福斯塔
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苹果公司
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Priority to US82476906P priority Critical
Priority to US60/824,769 priority
Priority to US87925307P priority
Priority to US60/879,253 priority
Priority to US87946907P priority
Priority to US60/879,469 priority
Priority to US94671607P priority
Priority to US60/946,716 priority
Priority to US93799307P priority
Priority to US60/937,993 priority
Priority to US11/850,015 priority patent/US7843427B2/en
Priority to US11/850,015 priority
Application filed by 苹果公司 filed Critical 苹果公司
Priority to PCT/US2007/077645 priority patent/WO2008030880A1/en
Publication of CN101529368A publication Critical patent/CN101529368A/en
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Publication of CN101529368B publication Critical patent/CN101529368B/en

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Abstract

The present invention discloses a portable device with a touch screen display detects a contact area of a finger with the touch screen display and then determines a first position associated with the contact area. The cursor position of the finger contact is determined, at least in part, based on: the first position, one or more distances between the first position and one or more of the user interface objects; and one or more activation susceptibility numbers, each associated with a respective user interface object in the plurality of user interface objects. If the cursor position falls intothe hidden hit region of a virtual push button on the touch screen display, the portable device is activated to perform operations associated with the virtual push button.

Description

用于从手指与触摸屏显示器的接触来确定光标位置的方法 A method for determining a cursor position from a finger contact with the touch screen display

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本公开实施例主要涉及便携式电子设备,尤其涉及的是从手指与触摸屏显示器的接触来自适应确定光标位置并且随后根据光标位置来执行操作的便携式设备。 [0001] The present disclosed embodiments relates generally to a portable electronic device, in particular, it relates to a finger from the contact with the touch screen display from the portable device to determine the position of the cursor and then perform operations according to the cursor position adaptation.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着便携式电子设备变得更加紧凑,并且由给定设备执行的功能的数量增加,设计出使用户很容易地与多功能设备进行交互的用户界面已变成巨大的挑战。 [0002] As portable electronic devices become more compact, and the increase in the number of functions performed by a given device, designed envoy users to easily interact with a multifunction device user interface has become a huge challenge. 这种挑战对于具有比台式计算机或膝上型计算机的屏幕小很多的手持便携式设备来说特别显著。 This challenge is particularly significant for handheld portable devices much smaller than with a desktop or laptop computer's screen is. 这种情况之所以不利,是因为用户界面不仅是用户接收内容的途径,而且是用户接收对用户动作或行为的响应的途径,用户动作或行为包括用户试图访问设备的特性、工具和功能。 The reason this disadvantage, because the user interface is not only the way users receive the content, but also the way users receive responses to user actions or behaviors, user actions or behaviors, including user attempts to access the device's features, tools and features. 一些便携式通信设备(例如移动电话——有时被称作手机、蜂窝电话等)已经凭借添加更多的按钮、增加按钮的密度、重载(overload)按钮的功能、或使用复杂菜单系统来使用户访问、存储以及处理数据。 Some portable communication devices (e.g. mobile phone - sometimes called mobile phones, cell phone, etc.) have been added with more buttons, increasing the density of the button, reload function (overload) buttons, or using complex menu systems to enable a user access, store and process data. 这些传统的用户界面通常导致用户必须记忆复杂的按键顺序和菜单层次。 These conventional user interfaces often result in complicated user must remember key sequences and menu hierarchy.

[0003] 许多传统用户界面,例如包括物理按钮的那些界面,也是不灵活的。 [0003] Many conventional user interfaces, such as those that include physical buttons interface, it is not flexible. 这是不利的, 因为其可能阻止由运行在便携式设备上的应用或用户来配置和/或修改用户界面。 This is disadvantageous because it may prevent configured by running on a portable device applications or users and / or modify the user interface. 当与记忆多键顺序和菜单层次所需要的时间花费以及激活期望按钮的困难联系到一起时,这样的不灵活性对大多数用户来说是很令人沮丧的。 When the memory of time spent with multiple key sequences and menu hierarchy needed to activate the desired button and the difficulties linked together, such inflexibility for most users is very frustrating.

[0004] 为了提高可用性,某些便携式电子设备使用了触摸屏来再现软键盘和拨号盘之类的虚拟按钮。 [0004] In order to improve usability, some portable electronic devices use a touch screen to reproduce virtual buttons and dials soft keyboard or the like. 从用户手指与虚拟按钮的接触中,便携式设备确定用户请求的一项或多项服务,并且相应地采取行动。 From the user's finger in contact with the virtual button, the portable device determines one or more services requested by the user, and act accordingly. 但是,由于不同用户通常具有不同的指纹形状,因此,对这些便携式设备来说,根据不同指纹形状以及与便携式设备支持的不同服务相关联的不同上下文来精确和自适应地识别用户想要的虚拟按钮就成为了挑战。 However, because different users often have different shapes of fingerprints, and therefore, for these portable devices to accurately and adaptively identify a user-desired shapes according to different fingerprints and different contexts associated with different services supported virtual portable device button has become a challenge.

[0005] 相应地,目前需要的是被配置成自适应地从手指与触摸屏的接触来确定光标位置并且随后根据光标位置执行操作的便携式多功能设备。 [0005] Accordingly, what is needed is configured to portable multifunction device and then perform operations according to the cursor position determined adaptively cursor position from the contact of the finger with the touch screen. 这种配置增加了便携式多功能设备的效率、效能和用户满意度。 This configuration increases the efficiency of portable multifunction devices, performance and user satisfaction.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 上述缺陷以及与用于便携式设备的用户界面相关联的其他问题是通过这里公开的便携式多功能设备来减少或消除的。 [0006] The portable multifunction devices with defects and other problems associated with user interfaces for portable devices are herein disclosed by be reduced or eliminated. 在某些实施例中,该设备具有:带有图形用户界面(GUI)的触摸敏感显示器(也称“触摸屏”),一个或多个处理器,存储器,以及保存在存储器中用于执行多种功能的一个或多个模块、程序或指令集。 In certain embodiments, the apparatus comprising: a touch-sensitive display with a graphical user interface (GUI) (also known as "touch screen"), the one or more processors, memory, and stored in the memory for performing multiple function of one or more modules, programs or sets of instructions. 在某些实施例中,用户主要通过触摸敏感显示器上的手指接触以及手势来与GUI进行交互。 In certain embodiments, the user interacts with the GUI primarily through finger contacts on the touch-sensitive display and a gesture. 在某些实施例中,所述功能可以包括打电话、视频会议、电子邮件投递、即时消息传递、博客、数字摄影、数字视频、万维网浏览、数字音乐播放、和/或数字视频播放。 In certain embodiments, the functions may include telephoning, video conferencing, e-mail delivery, instant messaging, blog, digital photography, digital video, web browsing, digital music playing, and / or digital video playing. 用于执行这些功能的指令可以包含在计算机可读存储介质或是被配置成由一个或多个处理器执行的其他计算机程序产品中。 Instructions for performing these functions may comprise a computer-readable storage medium or other computer program configured to perform the product by one or more processors. [0007] 本发明的一个方面涉及一种由具有触摸屏显示器的便携式多功能设备执行的计算机实施方法。 One aspect [0007] The present invention relates to a computer-implemented method performed by a portable multifunction device with a touch screen display. 该便携式电子设备检测手指与触摸屏显示器的接触区域,以及然后确定与该接触区域相关联的第一位置。 The portable electronic device detects a finger contact with the touch screen display region, and then determines a first position associated with the contact area. 手指接触的光标位置至少部分是根据下列各项确定的:第一位置,第一位置与一个或多个用户界面对象之间的一个或多个距离;以及一个或多个激活敏感度数字,其中每一个激活敏感度数字都与多个用户界面对象中的相应用户界面对象相关联。 The cursor position of the finger is in contact at least in part determined in accordance with the following: a first position, one or more distances between the first position and one or more user interface objects; and one or more activation susceptibility numbers, wherein sensitivity and figures are each respective user interface object in the plurality of user interface objects associated with an activation.

[0008] 本发明的另一个方面涉及一种具有触摸屏显示器的便携式多功能设备上的图形用户界面。 [0008] Another aspect of the invention relates to a graphical user interface on a portable multifunction device with a touch screen display. 该图形用户界面包括光标以及多个用户界面对象。 The graphical user interface includes a cursor and a plurality of user interface objects. 光标的位置至少部分是根据下列各项确定的:和手指与触摸屏显示器的接触区域相关联的第一位置,第一位置与一个或多个用户界面对象之间的一个或多个距离;以及一个或多个激活敏感度数字,其中每一个激活敏感度数字都与多个用户界面对象中的相应的用户界面对象相关联。 The cursor position is at least partially determined according to the following: a first position of the contact region and the finger and the touch screen display associated with one or more of the distance between the first position and one or more user interface objects; and a or more activation susceptibility numbers, each of which have a sensitivity corresponding to the digital user interface object in the plurality of user interface objects associated with activation.

[0009] 本发明的另一个方面涉及一种具有触摸屏显示器的便携式电子设备,其中该触摸屏显示器具有多个用户界面对象。 [0009] Another aspect of the invention relates to a portable electronic device having a touch screen display, wherein the touch screen display having a plurality of user interface objects. 该设备包括一个或多个处理器,存储器,以及保存在存储器中并且被配置成由一个或多个处理器执行的程序。 The apparatus includes one or more processors, memory, and a program executed by one or more processors stored in the memory and configured. 该程序包括:用于检测手指与触摸屏显示器的接触区域的指令,用于确定与触摸区域相关联的第一位置的指令,以及用于至少部分地基于下列各项来确定光标位置的指令,:第一位置,第一位置与一个或多个用户界面对象之间的一个或多个距离;以及一个或多个激活敏感度数字,其中每一个激活敏感度数字都与多个用户界面对象中的相应用户界面对象相关联。 The program including: instructions for detecting a contact area of ​​a finger with the touch screen display, instructions for determining a first position associated with the touch area, and means for determining a cursor position command based on the following at least partially: a first position, one or more distances between the first position and one or more user interface objects; and one or more activation susceptibility numbers, each of which are associated with an activation susceptibility number of the plurality of user interface objects associated with the respective user interface object.

[0010] 本发明的另一个方面涉及一种计算机程序产品,其中该产品包括计算机可读存储介质以及包含在其内的计算机程序机制(例如一个或多个计算机程序)。 [0010] Another aspect of the invention relates to a computer program product, wherein the product comprises a computer-readable storage medium and a computer program mechanism (e.g., one or more computer programs) contained therein. 该计算机程序机制包括指令,其中在由便携式电子设备执行时,该指令使设备:检测手指与触摸屏显示器的接触区域;确定与接触区域相关联的第一位置;以及至少部分根据下列各项来确定光标位置:第一位置,第一位置与一个或多个用户界面对象之间的一个或多个距离;以及一个或多个激活敏感度数字,其中每一个激活敏感度数字都与多个用户界面对象中的相应用户界面对象相关联。 The computer program mechanism comprises instructions, which when executed by a portable electronic device, the instructions cause the device: detecting a finger contact with the touch screen display region; determining a first position associated with the contact region; and at least partially determined according to the following cursor positions: a first position, one or more distances between the first position and one or more user interface objects; and one or more activation susceptibility numbers, each of which are associated with an activation susceptibility number plurality of user interface objects associated with a respective user interface object.

[0011] 本发明的另一个方面涉及一种具有触摸屏显示器的便携式电子设备。 [0011] Another aspect of the invention relates to a display having a touch screen of a portable electronic device. 该设备包括:用于检测手指与触摸屏显示器的接触区域的装置;用于确定与接触区域相关联的第一位置的装置;以及用于至少部分地基于下列各项来确定光标位置的装置:第一位置,第一位置与一个或多个用户界面对象之间的一个或多个距离;以及一个或多个激活敏感度数字,其中每一个激活敏感度数字都与多个用户界面对象中的相应的用户界面对象相关联。 The apparatus comprising: means for detecting a contact area of ​​a finger with the touch screen display; means for determining a first position associated with the contact area; and means for determining at least in part based on the position of the cursor for the following: a first a position of one or more of a distance between the first position and one or more user interface objects; and one or more activation susceptibility numbers, each of which are associated with an activation susceptibility number of the plurality of user interface objects corresponding the user interface object is associated.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0012] 为了更好地理解本发明的上述实施例以及其他实施例,应该参考下面结合附图对实施例的具体描述,在全部附图中,相似的附图标记表示相应的部件。 [0012] For a better understanding of the present invention, the above-described embodiments and other embodiments, reference should be made to the accompanying drawings in conjunction with the following detailed description of the embodiments, the drawings, like reference numerals indicate corresponding parts.

[0013] 图IA和IB是示出了根据一些实施例的具有触摸敏感显示器的便携式多功能设备的框图。 [0013] FIGS IA and IB are a block diagram illustrating a portable multifunction device having a touch-sensitive display in accordance with some embodiments.

[0014] 图2示出了根据一些实施例的具有触摸屏的便携式多功能设备。 [0014] FIG 2 illustrates a portable multifunction device in accordance with some having a touch screen embodiment.

[0015] 图3示出了根据一些实施例的用于解锁便携式电子设备的示例性用户界面。 [0015] FIG. 3 illustrates the unlocking a portable electronic device according to some exemplary embodiments of the user interface.

[0016] 图4A和4B示出了根据一些实施例的用于便携式多功能设备上的应用菜单的示例性用户界面。 [0016] Figures 4A and 4B illustrate some exemplary user interface for an application menu on a portable multifunction device according to an embodiment.

[0017] 图5是示出了根据一些实施例的用于从手指与触摸屏的接触中确定光标位置的过程的流程图。 [0017] FIG. 5 is a flowchart illustrating a procedure for determining the number of cursor position from a finger contact with the touch screen in the embodiment.

[0018] 图6A〜6L示出了根据一些实施例的用于确定触摸屏显示器上的光标位置的示例性方法。 [0018] FIG 6A~6L illustrates an exemplary method of determining the position of the cursor on the touch screen display in accordance with some embodiments.

[0019] 图6M〜60示出了根据一些实施例的用于在用软键盘按键键入字时动态调整与软键盘按键相关联的敏感度数字的示例性方法。 [0019] FIG 6M~60 illustrates an exemplary method according to some embodiments is used when typing the word with a soft keyboard key and dynamically adjust the sensitivity of the digital soft keyboard keys associated.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0020] 下面具体参考实施例,实施例的示例在附图中示出。 [0020] The following specific embodiments with reference to, exemplary embodiments illustrated in the accompanying drawings. 在下面的具体描述中,阐述了大量具体细节以提供对本发明的全面理解。 In the following detailed description, numerous specific details are set forth to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention. 然而,本领域的普通技术人员应该理解没有这些具体细节也可以实施本发明。 However, those of ordinary skill in the art that these specific details are not to be understood to be embodiments of the present invention. 在其他实例中,没有具体描述已知的方法、过程、部件、电路和网络,以免不必要地模糊实施例的各方面。 In other instances, there is no specific description of known methods, procedures, components, circuits, and networks, not to unnecessarily obscure aspects of the embodiments.

[0021] 也应该理解,尽管在此使用了术语第一、第二等来描述各种元件,但是这些元件不应该局限于这些术语。 [0021] It should also be understood that, although the terms first, second, etc. to describe various elements, these elements should not be limited by these terms. 这些术语仅用来将一个元件与另一元件区分开。 These terms are only used to distinguish one element from another element. 例如,第一手势可以被称作第二手势,并且类似地,第二手势可以被称作第一手势,而不会背离本实用新型的范围。 For example, a first gesture could be termed a second gesture, and, similarly, a second gesture could be termed a first gesture, without departing from the scope of the present invention.

[0022] 在此在本发明的说明书中使用的术语仅为了描述特定的实施例,而不旨在限制本发明。 [0022] The term used in the description of the present invention, the purpose of describing particular embodiments, and is not intended to limit the present invention. 如在本发明的说明书和所附权利要求中使用的,单数形式“一个”和“该”旨在也包括复数形式,除非上下文以别的方式清楚指明。 As used in the specification and the appended claims the present invention, the singular forms "a" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly dictates otherwise. 应该理解在此使用的术语“和/或”指的是、 且包含一个或多个相关列出项目的任何和所有可能的组合。 It should be understood that as used herein the term "and / or" refers to and includes any and all possible combinations of one or more of the associated listed items and. 还应该理解术语“包括”和/ 或“包含”当用在该说明书中时,表示存在陈述的特征、整体(integer)、步骤、操作、元件和/或部件,但是不排除存在或增加一个或多个特征、整体、步骤、操作、元件、部件、和/或其 It should also be understood that the terms "comprises" and / or "comprising," when used in this specification, specify the presence of stated features, integers (Integer), steps, operations, elements, and / or components, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more features, integers, steps, operations, elements, components, and / or

皇A A Wong

朱口ο Zhu mouth ο

[0023] 描述便携式多功能设备的实施例、用于这样设备的用户界面、以及使用这样设备的相关过程。 [0023] The portable multifunction device described embodiments a user interface for such devices, and associated processes using such devices. 在一些实施例中,该设备是诸如移动电话的便携式通信设备,其也包含其他功能,例如PDA和/或音乐播放器功能。 In some embodiments, the device is a portable communication device such as a mobile telephone that also contains other functions, such as PDA and / or music player functions.

[0024] 除触摸屏或触摸屏上显示的虚拟点拨轮(click wheel)外,用户界面可以包括物理点拨轮。 [0024] In addition to the display on the touch screen or the touch screen a virtual click wheel (click wheel), the user interface may include a physical click wheel. 点拨轮是可以基于拨轮的角位移或设备的用户与拨轮接触的点来提供导航命令的用户界面设备。 It is based on the click wheel and click wheel angular displacement of the point of the user or the contact device dial command to provide navigation user interface device. 点拨轮也可以用于提供对应于选择一个或多个项目的用户命令,例如,当设备的用户按下拨轮的至少一部分或按下拨轮的中心时。 The click wheel may also be used to provide a corresponding selected one or more items to a user command, e.g., when the user equipment at least a portion of the press the dial or press the center of the dial. 作为替换,中断与触摸屏表面上的点拨轮图像的接触,可以指示对应于选择的用户命令。 Alternatively, breaking contact with a click wheel image on a touch screen surface may indicate a user command corresponding to selection. 为了简洁,在接下来的讨论中,包括触摸屏的便携式多功能设备被用作示例性实施例。 For brevity, the discussion that follows, a portable multifunction device includes a touch screen is used as an exemplary embodiment. 然而应该理解,一些用户界面和相关过程可以被应用于其他设备,例如个人计算机和膝上型计算机,其可以包括一个或多个诸如物理点拨轮、物理键盘、鼠标和/或操纵杆之类的其他物理用户接口设备。 However, it should be understood that some of the user interfaces and associated processes may be applied to other devices, such as personal computers and laptop computers, which may include one or more such as a physical click wheel, a physical keyboard, a mouse and / or joystick or the like other physical user-interface device.

[0025] 该设备支持多种应用,例如以下应用中的一项或多项:电话应用、视频会议应用、 电子邮件应用、即时消息收发应用、博客应用、相册管理应用、数字相机应用、数字摄像机应用、网页浏览应用、数字音乐播放器应用、和/或数字视频播放器应用。 [0025] The device supports a variety of applications, such as one or more of the following applications: telephony applications, video conferencing applications, email applications, instant messaging applications, application blog, photo album management application, a digital camera application, a digital video camera application, a web browsing application, a digital music player application, and / or a digital video player application.

[0026] 能够在该设备上执行的各种应用可以使用至少一个公共的物理用户界面设备,例如触摸屏。 [0026] The various applications that can be executed on the device may use at least one common physical user interface device, such as a touch screen. 触摸屏的一个或多个功能以及在设备上显示的对应信息可以从一个应用到下一个应用和/或在各个应用中被调节和/或改变。 One or more functions of the touch screen and the corresponding information is displayed on the device may be applied from one application to the next and / or are regulated in the respective applications and / or changes. 以该方式,设备的公共的物理结构(诸如触摸屏)可以支持具有可能直观明晰的用户界面的多个应用。 In this way, a common physical structure of the device (such as a touch screen) can support multiple applications may have a clear and intuitive user interface.

[0027] 用户界面可以包括一个或多个软键盘实施例。 [0027] The user interface may include one or more soft keyboard embodiments. 软键盘实施例可以包括键盘的所显示的图标上的符号的标准(QWERTY)和/或非标准配置,例如在2006年7月M日提交的题为“Keyboard For PortableElectronic Devices,,的美国专利申请11/459,606 以及在2006 年7 月24 日提交的题为"Touch Screen Keyboards For Portable ElectronicDevices" 的美国专利申请11/459,615中所描述的,其全部内容通过引用结合于此。所述键盘实施例可以包括其数量相对于现有物理键盘——例如打字机——中的键的数量要少的图标(或软键)。这可以使得用户易于选择键盘中的一个或多个图标,从而选择一个或多个相应的符号。所述键盘实施例可以是适应性的。例如,所显示的图标可以根据诸如选择一个或多个图标和/或一个或多个相应的符号之类的用户动作而被修改。在便携式设备上的一个或多个应用可以利用公共的和/或不同的键盘实施例。这样,所使用的 Soft keyboard embodiments may include standard symbols (QWERTY) keyboard icon on the display and / or non-standard configurations, such as in the "Keyboard For PortableElectronic Devices ,, US Patent Application entitled July 2006 M filed 11 / 459,606 and in 2006, entitled, filed July 24 "Touch Screen Keyboards For Portable ElectronicDevices" US Patent application 11 / 459,615 described, the entire contents of which are incorporated herein by reference. the the keyboard embodiments may include an amount with respect to the existing physical keyboards - e.g. typewriter - the number of keys in fewer icons (or soft keys) makes it easy for the user can select one or more icons in the keyboard, so that selecting one or more corresponding symbols. the keyboard embodiments may be adaptive. For example, displayed icons may select one or more of such user action icons and / or one or more corresponding symbols such be modified. One or more applications on the portable device may utilize common embodiment and / or different keyboard. Thus, as used 盘实施例可以经过修改而适应于至少一些应用。在一些实施例中,一个或多个键盘实施例可以经过修改而适应于各个用户。例如,一个或多个键盘实施例可以基于各个用户的字使用历史(词典学、俚语、 个人使用)而经过修改适应于该用户。一些键盘实施例可以被调节为在使用软键盘实施例时,减少在选择一个或多个图标从而选择一个或多个符号时用户错误的概率。 Example disc may be modified to accommodate at least some applications. In some embodiments, one or more keyboard embodiments may be modified to adapt to the individual user. For example, one or more keyboard embodiments may be based on each user's word usage history (lexicography, slang, individual usage) but modified to adapt to the user. Some embodiments of the keyboard may be adjusted when using the soft keyboard embodiments, reducing thereby selecting one or more icons to select one or more symbols in the probability of user error.

[0028] 现在转向设备的实施例。 [0028] Now embodiment of the steering apparatus embodiment. 图IA和IB是示出了根据一些实施例的具有触摸敏感显示器112的便携式多功能设备100的结构图。 FIGS. IA and IB are diagrams showing the construction 100 in accordance with some having a touch-sensitive display 112 of the embodiment of a portable multifunction device. 为了方便起见,触摸敏感显示器112有时被称作“触摸屏”,并且也可以被认为是或称作触摸敏感显示系统。 For convenience, the touch-sensitive display 112 is sometimes called a "touch screen", and may be considered or referred to as a touch-sensitive display system. 设备100可以包括存储器102(其可以包括一种或多种计算机可读存储介质)、存储器控制器122、一个或多个处理单元(CPU) 120、外围设备接口118、RF电路108、音频电路110、扬声器111、麦克风113、输入/ 输出(1/0)子系统106、其他输入或控制设备116、以及外部端口124。 Device 100 may include a memory 102 (which may include one or more computer-readable storage medium), a memory controller 122, one or more processing units (CPU) 120, peripherals interface 118, RF circuitry 108, audio circuitry 110 , speaker 111, microphone 113, input / output (1/0) subsystem 106, other input or control devices 116, 124 and an external port. 设备100可以包括一个或多个光学传感器164。 Device 100 may include one or more optical sensors 164. 这些部件可以通过一个或多个通信总线或信号线103通信。 These components may communicate over one or more communication buses or signal lines 103.

[0029] 应该理解设备100仅是便携式多功能设备100的一个示例,并且与示出的相比,设备100可以具有更多或更少的部件,可以组合两个或更多的部件,或者可以具有不同的部件配置或布置。 [0029] It should be appreciated that device 100 is only one example of a portable multifunction device 100, and compared with illustrated, device 100 may have more or fewer components may be a combination of two or more components, or may be It has a different configuration or arrangement of components. 图IA和IB中示出的各种部件可以用硬件、软件或硬件和软件的组合实现, 包括一个或多个信号处理和/或专用集成电路。 FIGS. IA and IB of the various components shown may be a combination of hardware, software, or hardware and software implemented, comprising one or more signal processing and / or application specific integrated circuits.

[0030] 存储器102可以包括高速随机存取存储器,以及也可以包括非易失性存储器,例如一个或多个磁盘存储设备、闪存设备、或其他非易失性固态存储设备。 [0030] Memory 102 may include high-speed random access memory and may include nonvolatile memory, such as one or more magnetic disk storage devices, flash memory devices, or other non-volatile solid state storage devices. 由诸如CPU 120和外围设备接口118之类的设备100的其他部件对存储器102的存取可以由存储器控制器122控制。 It may be controlled by the CPU 120 and other components such as a peripheral interface 118 or the like to access memory device 100, 102 by the memory controller 122.

[0031] 外围设备接口118可以将设备的输入和输出外围设备耦接至CPU 120和存储器102。 [0031] The peripherals interface 118 can be input and output devices coupled to the peripheral device CPU 120 and a memory 102. 一个或多个处理器120可以运行或执行存储在存储器102中的各种软件程序和/或指令集以执行设备100的各种功能以及处理数据。 One or more processors 120 run various software or programs and / or sets of instructions stored in the execution memory 102 to perform various functions and data processing apparatus 100.

[0032] 在一些实施例中,外围设备接口118、CPU 120、以及存储器控制器122可以在单一芯片上实现,例如芯片104。 [0032] In some embodiments, peripherals interface 118, CPU 120, and memory controller 122 may be implemented on a single chip, for example chip 104. 在一些实施例中,它们也可以在独立的芯片上分别实现。 In some embodiments, they may be separately implemented on separate chips.

[0033] RF(射频)电路108接收并发送RF信号,RF信号也被称作电磁信号。 [0033] RF (radio frequency) circuitry 108 receives and sends RF signals, also referred to as the RF signal an electromagnetic signal. RF电路108 将电信号转换为电磁信号/将电磁信号转换为电信号,并通过电磁信号与通信网络和其他通信设备通信。 RF circuitry 108 converts electrical signals into electromagnetic signals to / from electromagnetic signals into electrical signals, electromagnetic signals and communicate with a communication network and other communication devices. RF电路108可以包括用于执行这些功能的已知的电路,包括但不限于天线系统、RF收发器、一个或多个放大器、调谐器、一个或多个振荡器、数字信号处理器、CODEC 芯片组、用户标识模块(SIM)卡、存储器等等。 RF circuitry 108 may be known circuitry for performing these functions include, but not limited to an antenna system, RF transceiver, one or more amplifiers, a tuner, one or more oscillators, a digital signal processor, the CODEC chip group, a subscriber identity module (SIM) card, memory, etc. RF电路108可以通过无线通信与网络和其他设备通信,其中网络诸如因特网——也被称作全球信息网(WWW)、内部网和/或无线网络, 例如蜂窝电话网络、无线局域网(LAN)和/或城域网(MAN)。 RF circuitry 108 may communicate with wireless networks and other communications devices, wherein the network such as the Internet - also referred to as the World Wide Web (the WWW), an intranet and / or a wireless network, such as a cellular telephone network, a wireless local area network (LAN) and / or a metropolitan area network (MAN). 无线通信可以使用多种通信标准、协议和技术中任意一种,包括但不限于:全球移动通信系统(GSM)、增强数据GSM环境(EDGE)、高速下行链路分组接入(HSDPA)、宽带码分多址(W-CDMA)、码分多址(CDMA)、时分多址(TDMA)、蓝牙、无线保真(Wi-Fi)(例如IEEE 802. 11a, IEEE 802. lib, IEEE 802. Ilg 和/或IEEE802. Iln)、互联网协议语音(VoIP)、Wi_MAX、用于电子邮件的协议(例如因特网消息访问协议(IMAP)和/或邮局协议(POP))、即时消息收发(例如可扩展消息处理现场协议(XMPP)、即时信息和现场支持扩展的会话初始化协议(SIMPLE)、和/或即时消息和现场服务(IMPS)、和/或短消息服务(SMS)),或任何其它的适当的通信协议,包括在本文档的申请日时还没有被开发出的通信协议。 The wireless communication may use a variety of communications standards, protocols and technologies any one, including but not limited to: Global System for Mobile (GSM), Enhanced Data GSM Environment (EDGE), high speed downlink packet access (the HSDPA), wideband Code division multiple access (W-CDMA), Code division multiple access (CDMA), time division multiple access (TDMA), Bluetooth, wireless fidelity (Wi-Fi) (e.g. IEEE 802. 11a, IEEE 802. lib, IEEE 802. Ilg and / or IEEE802. Iln), voice over Internet protocol (VoIP), Wi_MAX, protocols for e-mail (for example, Internet message access protocol (IMAP) and / or Post Office protocol (POP)), instant messaging (such as extensible messaging and Presence protocol (XMPP), instant messaging and Presence Leveraging extensions session Initiation protocol (SIMPLE), and / or instant messaging and Presence services (IMPS), and / or short message service (SMS)), or any other appropriate communication protocols, including the filing date of this document, had not been developed communications protocol.

[0034] 音频电路110、扬声器111、麦克风113提供用户和设备100之间的音频接口。 [0034] The audio circuitry 110, speaker 111, a microphone 113 provide an audio interface between a user and the device 100. 音频电路110接收来自外围设备接口118的音频数据,将音频数据转换为电信号,并将电信号发送到扬声器111。 Audio circuitry 110 receives audio data from peripherals interface 118, converts the audio data into an electric signal, and sends an electrical signal to the speaker 111. 扬声器111将电信号转换为人类可以听见的声波。 Speaker 111 converts the electrical signal to human audible sound waves. 音频电路110也接收由麦克风113从声波转换来的电信号。 Audio circuitry 110 is also received by the microphone 113 from sound waves into electrical signals. 音频电路110将电信号转换为音频数据并将音频数据发送到外围设备接口118用于处理。 The audio circuitry 110 converts the electrical signal to audio data and transmits the audio data to peripherals interface 118 for processing. 音频数据可以通过外围设备接口118从存储器102 和/或RF电路108得到和/或发送到存储器102和/或RF电路108。 The audio data may be obtained from the peripheral device interface 118 and / or the RF circuitry 102 of memory 108 and / or to transmit and / or the RF circuitry 108 of memory 102. 在一些实施例中,音频电路110也可以包括头戴式送受话器(headset)插孔(例如,图2的212)。 In some embodiments, audio circuitry 110 can also include a headset (Headset) jack (e.g., 212 in FIG. 2). 头戴式送受话器插孔提供音频电路110和可去除的音频输入/输出外围设备(例如仅输出的双耳式耳机或具有输出(例如用于一只或两只耳朵的耳机)和输入(例如麦克风)的头戴式送受话器)之间的接口。 The headset jack provides an audio circuitry 110 and removable audio input / output peripherals (e.g., output-only headphones or an output (e.g. headphone for one or both ears) and input (e.g. the interface between the microphone) of the headset).

[0035] I/O子系统106将设备100上的诸如触摸屏112和其他输入/控制设备116之类的输入/输出外围设备耦接至外围设备接口118。 [0035] I / O subsystem 106 such as a touch screen device 100 on 112 and other input / control input device 116 or the like / output peripherals coupled to the peripheral device interface 118. I/O子系统106可以包括显示器控制器156和用于其他输入或控制设备的一个或多个输入控制器160。 I / O subsystem 106 may include a display, and a controller 156 for other input or control devices or more input controllers 160. 一个或多个输入控制器160 从其他输入或控制设备116接收电信号/将电信号发送至其他输入或控制设备116。 One or more input controllers 160 receive an electrical signal from the control device 116 or other input / send electrical signals to other input or control devices 116. 其他输入/控制设备116可以包括物理按钮(例如按钮开关(pushbutton)、摇杆按钮(rocker button)等)、转盘、滑动开关、操纵杆、点拨轮等等。 Other input / control devices 116 may include physical buttons (e.g., push button switch (With Pushbutton), rocker button (rocker button), etc.), dials, slider switches, joysticks, click wheel and the like. 在一些可供替换的实施例中,一个或多个输入控制器160可以耦接至以下任意项(或不耦接至任一项):键盘、红外端口、USB端口、和诸如鼠标之类的指针设备。 In alternative embodiments some alternative embodiments, one or more input controllers 160 may be coupled to any of the following (or are not coupled to any of a): a keyboard, infrared port, USB port, such as a mouse or the like, and pointing device. 一个或多个按钮(例如图2的208)可以包括用于扬声器111和/或麦克风113的音量控制的调高/调低按钮。 One or more buttons (e.g., 208 in FIG. 2) may include a speaker and / or microphone volume control to increase the 111113 / down button. 一个或多个按钮可以包括按钮开关(例如图2的206)。 One or more buttons may include a push button switch (e.g. 206 in FIG. 2). 快速按压按钮开关可以解除触摸屏112的锁定或开始在触摸屏上使用手势来解锁设备的处理,如在2005年12月23日提交的题为“Unlocking a Device by Performing Gestures on an Unlock Image” 的美国专利申请11/322,549 所述的,其通过引用结合于此。 Quick push button switch can be lifted touch screen lock 112 or start using gestures on the touch screen to unlock processing equipment, entitled as submitted in 2005 December 23 "Unlocking a Device by Performing Gestures on an Unlock Image" US Patent the application 11 / 322,549, which is incorporated herein by reference. 较长时间按压按钮开关(例如206)可以打开或关闭设备100的电源。 Push button switch for a long time (e.g., 206) can turn power to the device 100 on or off. 用户也能够定制一个或多个按钮的功能。 Users can also customize the function of one or more buttons. 触摸屏112用于实现虚拟或软按钮以及一个或多个软键盘。 The touch screen 112 used to implement virtual or soft buttons and one or more soft keyboard.

[0036] 触摸敏感触摸屏112提供设备和用户之间的输入界面和输出界面。 [0036] The touch-sensitive touch screen 112 provides an input interface and an output interface between the device and the user. 显示器控制器156接收来自触摸屏112的电信号和/或发送电信号至触摸屏112。 Display controller 156 receives the electrical signal and / or sends electrical signals from the touchscreen 112 to the touch screen 112. 触摸屏112显示视觉输出给用户。 The touch screen 112 displays visual output to the user. 视觉输出可以包括图形、文本、图标、视频或其任何组合(统称为“图形”)。 The visual output may include graphics, text, icons, video, or any combination thereof (collectively termed "graphics"). 在一些实施例中,一些或所有视觉输出可以对应于用户界面对象,下面将描述用户界面对象的更多细节。 In some embodiments, some or all of the visual output may correspond to user-interface objects, further details below user interface object will be described.

[0037] 触摸屏112可以具有基于触觉(haptic)和/或触知(tactile)接触来接受来自用户的输入的触摸敏感表面、传感器或传感器组。 [0037] Based on the touch screen 112 may have a haptic (Haptic) and / or tactile (Tactile) to accept input from a user contacts a touch-sensitive surface, sensor or set of sensors. 触摸屏112和显示器控制器156(连同任何相关的模块和/或存储器102中的指令集)检测触摸屏112上的接触(以及接触的任何移动或中断),并将检测到的接触转换为与显示在触摸屏112上的用户界面对象(例如,一个或多个软键、图标、网页或图像)的交互。 Touch screen 112 and display controller 156 (along with any associated modules and / or sets of instructions in memory 102) detect contact (and any movement or breaking of the contact) on the touch screen 112, and the detected contact into interaction with the interactive user interface object (e.g., one or more soft keys, icons, web pages or images) on the touch screen 112. 在示例性实施例中,触摸屏112和用户之间的接触点对应于用户的手指。 In an exemplary embodiment, the point of contact between touch screen 112 and the user corresponds to a finger of the user.

[0038] 触摸屏112可以使用IXD (液晶显示器)技术、或LPD (发光聚合物显示器)技术, 尽管在其他实施例中可以使用其他显示器技术。 [0038] The touch screen 112 may use IXD (liquid crystal display) technology, or LPD (light emitting polymer display) technology, although other display technologies may be used in other embodiments. 使用已知或以后开发的多种触摸感测技术中的任意技术,触摸屏112和显示器控制器156可以检测到接触及其移动或中断,触摸感测技术包括但不限于:电容的、电阻的、红外的、和表面声波技术,以及其他接近传感器(proximity sensor)阵列或用于确定与触摸屏112接触的一个或多个点的其他元件。 Using any of a plurality of touch sensing technologies now known or later developed in the touch screen 112 and display controller 156 may detect contact and movement or break, touch sensing technologies including but not limited to: capacitance, resistance, infrared, and surface acoustic wave technologies, as well as other proximity sensor (proximity sensor) array or a 112 for determining contact with the touch screen or other elements of a plurality of points.

[0039] 在触摸屏112的一些实施例中的触摸敏感显示器可以类似于在下列美国专利中描述的多点触摸敏感平板(multi-touch sensitivetablet) :6,323,846 (Westerman 等人)、6,570,557 (Westerman 等人)、和/ 或6,677,932 (Westerman),和/ 或类似于美国专利公开2002/0015024A1中描述的多点触摸敏感平板,这些文件通过引用结合于此。 [0039] The touch-sensitive display in some embodiments of touch screen 112 may be analogous to the multi-point touch-sensitive plate as described in the following U.S. Patents (multi-touch sensitivetablet): 6,323,846 (Westerman et al.), 6, 570,557 (Westerman et al), and / or 6,677,932 (Westerman), and / or U.S. Patent Publication No. 2002 0015024A1 similarly described / multi-touch-sensitive tablet, the documents incorporated by reference herein. 然而,触摸屏112可以显示来自便携式设备100的视觉输出,而触摸敏感平板不提供视觉输出。 However, the touch screen 112 can display visual output from the portable device 100, whereas touch sensitive tablet do not provide visual output.

[0040] 在触摸屏112的一些实施例中的触摸敏感显示器可以如下列申请中所描述的:(1)2006 年5 月2 日提交的美国专利申请No. 11/381,313,“Multipoint Touch Surface Controller" ; (2)2004 年5 月6 日提交的美国专利申请No. 10/840,862, "MultipointTouchscreen” ;(3)2004 年7 月30 日提交的美国专利申请No. 10/903, 964, "Gestures For Touch Sensitive Input Devices” ;(4) 2005 年1 月31 日提交的美国专利申请No. 11/048,264,"Gestures For TouchSensitive Input Devices” ;(5)2005 年1 月18 日提交的美国专利申请No. 11/038, 590,"Mode-Based Graphical User Interfaces For TouchSensitive Input Devices” ;(6) 2005 年9 月16 日提交的美国专禾丨J 申请No.11/228,758,“Virtual Input Device Placement On A Touch ScreenUser Interface” ;(7)2005 年9 月16 日提交的美国专利申请No. 11/2¾, 700,“Operation Of A Computer With A Touch Screenlnterface” ;(8) 2005 年9 月16 [0040] The touch-sensitive display in some embodiments of touch screen 112 may be as described in the following applications: (1) U.S. Patent, filed May 2, 2006 Application No. 11 / 381,313, "Multipoint Touch Surface Controller "; (2) US Patent May 6, 2004 filed No. 10 / 840,862," MultipointTouchscreen "; (3) US patent July 30, 2004 filed No. 10/903, 964 , "Gestures For Touch Sensitive Input Devices"; (4) United States Patent January 31, 2005 filed No. 11 / 048,264, "Gestures For TouchSensitive Input Devices"; (5) filed January 18, 2005 US Patent application No. 11/038, 590, "Mode-Based Graphical User Interfaces For TouchSensitive Input Devices"; (6) the United States September 16, 2005 filed spot Wo Shu J application No.11 / 228,758, "Virtual Input Device Placement on a Touch ScreenUser Interface"; (7) US Patent September 16, 2005 filed No. 11 / 2¾, 700, "Operation of a Computer With a Touch Screenlnterface"; (8) 2005 September 16 日提交的美国专利申请No. 11/228, 737,"Activating Virtual Keys Of A Touch-Screen Virtual Keyboard”;以及(9)2006 年3 月3 日提交的美国专利申请No. 11/367,749, "Multi-Functional Hand-Held Device”。 US patent filed No. 11/228, 737, "Activating Virtual Keys Of A Touch-Screen Virtual Keyboard"; and (9) US patent March 3, 2006 filed No. 11 / 367,749, "Multi-Functional Hand-Held Device". 所有这些申请通过引用结合于此。 All of these applications are incorporated herein by reference.

[0041] 触摸屏112可以具有超过100dpi的分辨率。 [0041] The touch screen 112 may have more than 100dpi resolution. 在一个示例性实施例中,触摸屏112 具有大约160dpi的分辨率。 In one exemplary embodiment, the touch screen 112 has a resolution of approximately 160dpi. 用户可以使用任何适合的诸如指示笔(stylus)、手指等的物体或配件来与触摸屏112接触。 The user can use any suitable, such as a stylus (stylus), the finger or the like object to fitting 112 in contact with the touch screen. 在一些实施例中,用户界面被设计为主要使用基于手指的接触和手势来工作,通常,由于手指与触摸屏112接触的面积较大,所以基于手指的接触和手势的准确性远远小于基于指示笔的输入。 In some embodiments, the user interface is designed to work primarily with finger-based contacts and gestures, generally, since the larger area of ​​the finger 112 in contact with the touch screen, so that the accuracy of finger contacts and gestures based on much smaller than the indicated enter the pen. 在一些实施例中,设备将粗略的基于手指的输入转变为精确的指针/光标位置或用于执行用户期望动作的命令。 In some embodiments, the device translates the rough finger-based input into a precise pointer / cursor position or command for performing the actions desired by the user.

[0042] 在一些实施例中,除了触摸屏,设备100还可以包括用于激活或去激活特定功能的触摸板(未示出)。 [0042] In some embodiments, in addition to the touch screen, device 100 may further include a touchpad for activating or deactivating particular functions (not shown). 在一些实施例中,触摸板可以是设备的触摸敏感区域,其与触摸屏不同,不显示视觉输出。 In some embodiments, the touchpad may be a touch-sensitive area of ​​the device, which is unlike the touch screen, does not display visual output. 触摸板可以是与触摸屏112分开的触摸敏感表面,或者是由触摸屏形成的触摸敏感表面的延伸部分。 The touchpad may be separate from the touch-sensitive surface of the touch screen 112 or an extension of the touch-sensitive surface formed by the touch screen.

[0043] 在一些实施例中,设备100可以包括物理或虚拟点拨轮作为输入控制设备116。 [0043] In some embodiments, apparatus 100 may include a physical or virtual click wheel as an input control device 116. 通过旋转点拨轮或通过移动与点拨轮的接触点(例如,接触点的移动量通过其相对于点拨轮的中心点的角位移来测量),用户可以在显示在触摸屏112中的一个或多个图形对象(以下称作图标)之间导航或与其交互。 By rotating the click wheel or by moving the point of contact with the click wheel (e.g., the amount of movement of the contact point which measure the angular displacement relative to the center point of the click wheel through), a user may be displayed on the touch screen 112 or more graphic object (hereinafter referred to as icons) to navigate between or interact. 点拨轮也可以被用来选择一个或多个所显示的图标。 The click wheel may also be used to select one or more icons displayed. 例如,用户可以向下按压点拨轮的至少一部分或相关的按钮。 For example, the user may press down at least a portion of the click wheel or an associated button is. 由用户通过点拨轮提供的用户命令和导航命令可以由输入控制器160处理,也可以由存储器102中的一个或多个模块和/或指令集来处理。 User commands and navigation commands provided by the user via the click wheel may be processed by input controller 160 may be processed by one or more of the memory modules 102 and / or sets of instructions. 对于虚拟点拨轮,点拨轮和点拨轮控制器可以分别是触摸屏112和显示器控制器156的一部分。 For a virtual click wheel, the click wheel and click wheel controller may be part of the touch screen 112 and display controller 156, respectively. 对于虚拟点拨轮,点拨轮可以是透明或半透明的对象,其响应于用户与设备的交互,在触摸屏显示器上出现或消失。 For a virtual click wheel, the click wheel may be transparent or semi-transparent objects, in response to user interaction with the device, it appears and disappears on the touch screen display. 在一些实施例中,虚拟点拨轮被显示在便携式多功能设备的触摸屏上并由用户与触摸屏的接触来操作。 In some embodiments, a virtual click wheel is displayed by user contact with the touch screen on the touch screen of a portable multifunction device to operate.

[0044] 设备100也可以包括用于为各部件供电的电源系统(powersystem) 162。 [0044] The device 100 may also include a means for the power supply system (powersystem) 162. 电源系统162可以包括电源管理系统,一个或多个电源(例如电池、交流(AC))、充电系统、电源故障检测电路、电源转换器或逆变器、电源状态指示器(例如,发光二极管(LED))和各种与便携式设备中的功率产生、管理和分配有关的其他部件。 The power supply system 162 may include a power management system, one or more power sources (e.g., battery, alternating current (the AC)), a recharging system, a power failure detection circuit, a power converter or inverter, a power status indicator (e.g., light emitting diodes ( the LED)) and a variety of portable devices in the power generation, management and distribution of other related components.

[0045] 设备100也可以包括一个或多个光学传感器164。 [0045] The device 100 may also include one or more optical sensors 164. 图IA和IB示出了耦接至I/O 子系统106中的光学传感器控制器158的光学传感器。 FIGS. IA and IB illustrate an optical sensor coupled to the I / O subsystem 106. The optical sensor controller 158. 光学传感器164可包括电荷耦合器件(CCD)或互补金属氧化物半导体(CM0Q光电晶体管。光学传感器164接收来自环境的经过一个或多个透镜投射的光,并将光转换为表示图像的数据。与成像模块143(也称作相机模块)一起,光学传感器164可以捕获静态图像或视频。在一些实施例中,光学传感器位于设备100的背面,与在设备正面的触摸屏显示器112相对,从而触摸屏显示器112可以被用作用于获取静态和/或视频图像的取景器。在一些实施例中,光学传感器164位于设备的正面,从而在用户查看在触摸屏显示器上的其他视频会议参加者的同时能够为视频会议获取用户的图像。在一些实施例中,光学传感器164的位置可以被用户改变(例如,通过旋转设备外壳中的透镜和传感器),从而单个光学传感器164可以与触摸屏显示器112 —起被用于视频会议和静态和/或视频图像 The optical sensor 164 may include charge-coupled device (CCD) or complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CM0Q phototransistor. The optical sensor 164 receives light through one or more lenses projected from the environment and converts the light to data representing an image. And the imaging module 143 (also called a camera module) together, the optical sensor 164 may capture still images or video. in some embodiments, an optical sensor is located on the back of the device 100, 112 opposite the front of the device with a touch screen display, whereby the touchscreen display 112 may be used for acquiring static and / or viewfinder video images. in some embodiments, the optical sensor 164 is located in front of the device, so that a user views on the touch screen display while the other video conference participants can be video conferencing acquiring user images in some embodiments, the position of the optical sensor 164 may be changed by the user (e.g., via a lens and a sensor rotary device housing) so that a single optical sensor 164 may be a touch screen display 112 - from being used for video conferencing and still and / or video images 取。 Take.

[0046] 设备100也可以包括一个或多个接近传感器166。 [0046] The device 100 may also include one or more proximity sensors 166. 图IA和IB示出了耦接至外围设备接口118的接近传感器166。 FIGS. IA and IB illustrate coupled to the peripherals interface 118 proximity sensor 166. 可替换地,接近传感器166可以耦接至I/O子系统106中的输入控制器160。 Alternatively, the proximity sensor 166 may be coupled to I / O subsystem 106. The input controller 160. 接近传感器166可以如在下述文件中描述的那样执行:2005年9月30日提交的美国专利申请序列号No. 11/241,839,“Proximity Detector InHandheld Device”; 2005 年9 月30 日提交的序列号No. 11/240, 788,"Proximity Detector In Handheld Device”;2007年1月7 日提交的序列号待定的"Using Ambient Light Sensor To Augment ProximitySensor Output”,律师卷号No. 04860. P4851US1 ;2006 年10 月M 日提交的序列号待定的"Automated Response To And Sensing of UserActivity In Portable Device,,, 律师卷号No. 04860. P4293 ;以及2006年12月12日提交的序列号待定的“Method AndSystem ForAutomatic Configuration Of Peripherals",No. 04860. P4634,pJjVX 这些文件都通过引用结合于此。在一些实施例中,接近传感器在多功能设备靠近用户耳朵放置时(例如,当用户正在打电话时)关闭并禁用触摸屏112。在一些实施例中,接近传感器在设备位于用户口袋、钱包、或 The proximity sensor 166 may perform as described in the following documents: U.S. Patent Sept. 30, 2005, filed Application Serial No. No. 11 / 241,839, "Proximity Detector InHandheld Device"; filed September 30, 2005 of serial number No. 11/240, 788, "Proximity Detector in Handheld Device"; serial number 2007 January 7 filed pending "Using Ambient Light Sensor To Augment ProximitySensor Output", attorney Docket No. No. 04860. P4851US1; serial No. 2006, filed October M pending "Automated Response to and Sensing of UserActivity in Portable Device ,,, attorney Docket No. No. 04860. P4293; and serial No. 200,612 filed January 12 pending," Method AndSystem ForAutomatic Configuration of Peripherals ", No. 04860. P4634, pJjVX these documents are incorporated herein by reference. in some embodiments, the proximity sensor when the multifunction device is placed near the user's ear (e.g., when the user is on the phone) off and disables the touch screen 112. in some embodiments, the proximity sensor located in the user's pocket, purse device, or 其他黑暗区域中时保持触摸屏关闭,以防止设备在锁定状态时不必要的电池消耗。 Holding the other dark area when the touch screen is closed to prevent the device from unnecessary consumption of the battery in the locked state.

[0047] 设备100也可以包括一个或多个加速计(accelerometer) 168。 [0047] The device 100 may also include one or more accelerometers (accelerometer) 168. 图1示出了耦接至外围设备接口118的加速计168。 FIG 1 illustrates accelerated coupled to the peripherals interface 168, 118. 可替换地,加速计168可以耦接到1/0子系统106中的输入控制器160。 Alternatively, the accelerometer 168 may be coupled to the 1/0 subsystem 106. The input controller 160. 加速计168可以如在美国专利公开No. 20050190059 "Acceleration -based TheftDetection System for Portable Electronic Devices,,禾口美国专利公开No.20060017692 "Methods And Apparatuses For Operating A PortableDevice Based On An Accelerometer”中所描述的一样执行,这两份公开都通过引用结合于此。在一些实施例中,基于从一个或多个加速计接收到的数据分析来在触摸屏显示器上以纵向视图或横向视图显示信息。 The accelerometer 168 may be as disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 20050190059 "Acceleration -based TheftDetection System for Portable Electronic Devices ,, Wo port U.S. Patent Publication No.20060017692" Methods And Apparatuses For Operating A PortableDevice Based On An Accelerometer "as described in execution, both of the disclosure are incorporated herein by reference. in some embodiments, based on the acceleration from the one or more received data analysis meter to display the information in a portrait view or a landscape view on the touch screen display.

[0048] 在一些实施例中,存储在存储器102中的软件部件可以包括操作系统126、通信模块(或指令集)128、接触/运动模块(或指令集)130、图形模块(或指令集)132、文本输入模块(或指令集)134、全球定位系统(GPQ模块(或指令集)135、以及应用(或指令集)136。 [0048] In some embodiments, the software components stored in memory 102 may include an operating system 126, a communication module (or set of instructions) 128, contact / motion module (or set of instructions) 130, graphics module (or set of instructions) 132, text input module (or set of instructions) 134, global positioning system (GPQ module (or set of instructions) 135, and applications (or set of instructions) 136.

[0049]操作系统 1¾ (例如,Darwin、RTXC, LINUX、UNIX、OS X、WINDOWS、或诸如VxWorks 之类的嵌入式操作系统)包括各种软件部件和/或用于控制和管理通用系统任务(例如, 存储器管理、存储设备控制、电源管理等)的驱动器,并且可以有助于各种硬件和软件部件之间的通信。 [0049] 1¾ operating system (e.g., Darwin, RTXC, LINUX, UNIX, OS X, WINDOWS, or an embedded operating system such as VxWorks) includes various software components and / or for controlling and managing general system tasks ( For example, memory management, storage device control, power management, etc.) the driver, and can facilitate communication between various hardware and software components.

[0050] 通信模块1¾可以有助于通过一个或多个外部端口IM与其他设备进行通信,并且也可以包括各种用于处理由RF电路108和/或外部端口IM接收到的数据的软件部件。 [0050] The communication module may facilitate 1¾ communicate with other devices via one or more external ports IM, and may also include various software components for handling data received by RF circuitry 108 and / or the external port of the IM . 外部端口124(例如,通用串行总线(USB)、FIREWIRE等)可以适用于直接耦接至其他设备或通过网络(例如,因特网、无线LAN等)间接耦接至其他设备。 External port 124 (e.g., a universal serial bus (USB), FIREWIRE, etc.) may be applied to other devices coupled directly or indirectly coupled to another device via a network (e.g., the Internet, wireless LAN, etc.). 在一些实施例中,外部端口是多针(例如30针)连接器,其与在iPocKAppleComputenInc.的商标)设备上所使用的30针连接器相同、类似和/或兼容。 In some embodiments, the external port is a multi-pin (e.g., 30-pin) connector, its trademark and the iPocKAppleComputenInc.) Is the same as the equipment used on the 30-pin connector, similar and / or compatible.

[0051] 接触/运动模块130可以检测与触摸屏112(与显示器控制器156 —起)和其他触摸敏感设备(例如触摸板或物理点拨轮)的接触。 112 [0051] The contact / motion module 130 may detect contact with the touch screen (the display controller 156-- onwards) contacts and other touch sensitive devices (e.g., a touchpad or physical click wheel) is. 接触/运动模块130包括各种软件部件,用于执行各种与检测接触有关的操作,例如确定是否发生了接触、确定是否存在接触的移动并跟踪在触摸屏112上的移动、以及确定是否已经中断接触(即接触是否已经终止)。 The contact / motion module 130 includes various software components for performing various operations related to detecting the contact, such as determining if contact has occurred, determining whether there is movement of the contact and tracking the movement on the touch screen 112, and determining whether the interrupt contacts (that is, whether the contact has terminated). 确定接触点的移动可以包括确定接触点的速率(幅度)、速度(幅度和方向)、和/或加速度(幅度和/或方向的变化)。 Determining the contact point moves the point of contact may include determining speed (magnitude), (change in magnitude and / or direction) of the speed (magnitude and direction), and / or acceleration. 这些操作可以被应用于单接触(例如,一个手指接触)或应用于多个同时发生的接触(例如,“多点触摸”/多个手指接触)。 These operations may be applied to single contacts (e.g., one finger contacts) or to multiple simultaneous contacts (e.g., "multitouch" / multiple finger contacts). 在一些实施例中,接触/运动模块130和显示器控制器156也可以检测触摸板上的接触。 In some embodiments, contact / motion module 130 and display controller 156 may detect contact on a touchpad. 在一些实施例中,接触/ 运动模块130和控制器160检测点拨轮上的接触。 In some embodiments, contact / motion module 160 detects contact on a click wheel controller 130 and.

[0052] 图形模块132可以包括各种已知的用于在触摸屏112上渲染(render)和显示图形的软件部件,包括用于改变所显示的图形的亮度的部件。 [0052] The graphics module 132 may include a variety of known methods for rendering on the touch screen 112 (the render) and the display graphics software components, including components for changing the brightness of the displayed graphics. 如在此所使用的,术语“图形”包括可以显示给用户的任何对象,包括但不限于:文本、网页、图标(诸如包括软键的用户界面对象)、数字图像、视频、动画等。 As used herein, the term "graphics" includes any object that can be displayed to the user, including but not limited to: text, web pages, icons (such as user-interface objects including soft keys), digital images, videos, animations and the like.

[0053] 可以是图形模块132的部件的文本输入模块134提供用于在各种应用(诸如,联系人137、电子邮件140、IM 141、博客142、浏览器147、以及需要文本输入的任何其他应用) 中键入文本的软键盘。 [0053] can be a component of graphics module 132, text input module 134 provides for a variety of applications (such as contacts 137, email 140, IM 141, blog 142, browser 147, and any other text input is required application) soft keyboard, type text.

[0054] GPS模块135确定设备的位置并可以提供该信息供各种应用使用(例如,提供给电话138供基于位置的拨号使用,提供给相机143和/或博客142作为图片/视频元数据、以及提供给提供基于位置的服务的应用,诸如天气小插件(widgets,也称窗口小插件)、本地黄页小插件、以及地图/导航小插件)。 [0054] GPS module 135 determines the location of the device and may provide this information for use in various applications (e.g., to telephone 138 for use of location-based dialing, to camera 143 and / or blog 142 as picture / video metadata, and to applications that provide location-based services, such as weather widget (widgets, also called a widget plug-in), local yellow page widgets, and map / navigation widgets).

[0055] 应用136可以包括下列模块(或指令集)或其子集或超集: [0055] Applications 136 may include the following modules (or sets of instructions), or a subset or superset thereof:

[0056] •联系人模块137 (有时被称作地址簿或联系人列表); [0056] • contacts module 137 (sometimes called an address book or contact list);

[0057] •电话模块138; [0057] • telephone module 138;

[0058] 眷视频会议模块139 ; [0058] dependents videoconferencing module 139;

[0059] ·电子邮件客户端模块140 ; [0059]-mail client module 140;

[0060] •即时消息收发(IM)模块141 ; [0060] • instant messaging (IM) module 141;

[0061] •博客模块142; [0061] • blog module 142;

[0062] •用于静态和/或视频图像的相机模块143 ; [0062] • for still and / or video images of the camera module 143;

[0063] •图像管理模块144; [0063] • the image management module 144;

[0064] 眷视频播放器模块145 ; [0064] dependents video player module 145;

[0065] •音乐播放器模块146 ; [0065] • music player module 146;

[0066] •浏览器模块147; [0066] • browser module 147;

[0067] •日历模块148; [0067] • calendar module 148;

[0068] •小插件模块149,其可以包括天气小插件149-1、股票小插件149_2、计算器小插件149-3、闹钟小插件149-4、词典小插件149-5、和由用户获取的其他小插件,以及由用户创建的小插件149-6 ; [0068] • small plug-in module 149, which may include weather widget 149-1, stocks widget 149_2, calculator widget 149-3, alarm clock widget 149-4, dictionary widget 149-5, and access by the user other small plug-in, as well as user-created widgets 149-6;

[0069] •小插件创建器模块150,用于制作用户创建的小插件149-6 ; [0069] • widget creator module 150 for making user-created widgets 149-6;

[0070] •搜索模块151 ; [0070] • search module 151;

[0071 ] •视频和音乐播放器模块152,其将视频播放器模块145和音乐播放器模块146合并; [0071] • video and music player module 152, which combined video player module 146 and music player module 145;

[0072] •记事本模块153 ;和/或 [0072] • notes module 153; and / or

[0073] •地图模块154。 [0073] • map module 154.

[0074] 可以被存储在存储器102中的其他应用136的示例包括其他字处理应用、JAVA启用(JAVA-enabled)的应用、加密、数字版权管理、语音识别、以及语音复制。 [0074] Other applications 136 may be stored in the sample memory 102 includes an application other word processing applications, JAVA-enabled (JAVA-enabled), the encryption, digital rights management, voice recognition, and voice replication.

[0075] 通过与触摸屏112、显示器控制器156、接触模块130、图形模块132以及文本输入模块134协作,联系人模块137可以用于管理地址簿或联系人列表,包括:在地址簿中添加一个或多个姓名;从地址簿中删除一个或多个姓名;将一个或多个电话号码、一个或多个电子邮件地址、一个或多个物理地址或其他信息与姓名相关联;将图像与姓名相关联;对姓名进行分类和排序;通过提供电话号码或电子邮件地址来启动和/或协助电话138、视频会议39、电子邮件140或IM 141的通信等等。 [0075] By the touch screen 112, display controller 156, contact module 130, graphics module 132, text input module 134, and cooperate, contacts module 137 may be used to manage an address book or contact list, including: adding an address book or more names; delete one or more names from the address book; one or more phone numbers, one or more e-mail addresses, one or more physical addresses or other information associated with the name; the name and image associated; for classifying and sorting names; initiated by providing a phone number or email address and / or telephone assistance 138, 39, 140, or IM 141 e-mail communication or videoconferencing.

[0076] 通过与RF电路108、音频电路110、扬声器111、麦克风113、触摸屏112、显示器控制器156、接触模块130、图形模块132以及文本输入模块134协作,电话模块138可以用于输入与电话号码相对应的字符序列、访问地址簿137中的一个或多个电话号码、修改已被输入的电话号码、拨打相应的电话号码、进行会话以及在会话结束时断连或挂断。 [0076] by RF circuitry 108, audio circuitry 110, speaker 111, microphone 113, touch screen 112, display controller 156, contact module 130, graphics module 132, text input module 134, and cooperate, telephone module 138 may be used to input a telephone number corresponding to the character sequence, the address book 137 to access one or more telephone numbers, to modify a phone number has been entered, dial a respective telephone number, conduct a session at the end of the session and disconnect or hang. 如上所述,无线通信可以使用多种通信标准、协议和技术中的任何一种。 As described above, the wireless communication may use any of a plurality of communications standards, protocols and technologies.

[0077] 通过与RF电路108、音频电路110、扬声器111、麦克风113、触摸屏112、显示器控制器156、光学传感器164、光学传感器控制器158、接触模块130、图形模块132、文本输入模块134、联系人列表137以及电话模块138协作,视频会议模块139可以用于启动、进行和终止用户与一个或多个其他参与者之间的视频会议。 [0077] 113, touch screen 112, display controller 156, optical sensor 164, optical sensor controller 158, contact module 130, graphics module 132, text input module 134 via the RF circuitry 108, audio circuitry 110, speaker 111, microphone, a contact list 137, and telephone module 138 cooperate, videoconferencing module 139 may be used to initiate, conduct, and terminate a video conference between a user and one or more other participants.

[0078] 通过与RF电路108、触摸屏112、显示器控制器156、接触模块130、图形模块132 以及文本输入模块Π4协作,电子邮件客户端模块140可以用于创建、发送、接收和管理电子邮件。 [0078] by RF circuitry 108, touch screen 112, display controller 156, contact module 130, graphics module 132, and text input module Π4 collaboration, e-mail client module 140 may be used to create, send, receive, and manage e-mail. 通过与图像管理模块144协作,电子邮件模块140可以很容易地创建和发送具有用相机模块143获取的静止或视频图像的电子邮件。 Through collaboration with image management module 144, e-mail module 140 makes it easy to create and send e-mail with a still or video images with the camera module 143 acquired.

[0079] 通过与RF电路108、触摸屏112、显示器控制器156、接触模块130、图形模块132 以及文本输入模块Π4协作,即时消息收发模块141可以用于输入与即时消息相对应的字符序列、修改先前输入的字符、传送相应的即时消息(例如为那些基于电话的即时消息使用短消息服务(SMS)或多媒体消息服务(MMS)协议,或是为那些基于因特网的即时消息使用XMPP,SIMPLE或IMPS)、接收即时消息以及查看接收到的即时消息。 [0079] the RF circuitry 108, touch screen 112, display controller 156, contact module 130, graphics module 132, and a sequence of characters and text input module Π4 collaboration, instant messaging module 141 may be used to input corresponding to an instant message, to modify previously entered characters, deliver a corresponding instant messaging (eg using short message service (SMS) for those phone based instant messaging or multimedia messaging service (MMS) protocol, or using XMPP, SIMPLE, or IMPS for those Internet-based instant messaging ), to receive instant messages and to view received instant messages. 在某些实施例中,所传送和/或接收的即时消息可以包括图形、照片、音频文件、视频文件和/或为MMS和/或增强型消息传递服务(EMS)所支持的其他附件。 In certain embodiments, the and / or received instant messages may include transmitting graphics, photos, audio files, video files and / or other accessories of MMS and / or an enhanced messaging service (EMS) support. 这里使用的“即时消息收发”指的是基于电话的消息(例如使用SMS或匪S发送的消息)以及基于因特网的消息(例如使用XMPP、 SIMPLE或IMPS发送的消息)。 As used herein, "instant messaging" refers to a telephony-based messages (e.g. sent using SMS messages or bandit S) and Internet-based messages (e.g., message using XMPP, SIMPLE, or IMPS transmitted).

[0080] 通过与RF电路108、触摸屏112、显示器控制器156、接触模块130、图形模块132、 文本输入模块134、图像管理模块144以及浏览模块147协作,博客模块142可以用于向博客(例如用户博客)发送文本、静止图像、视频和/或其他图形。 [0080] by RF circuitry 108, touch screen 112, display controller 156, contact module 130, graphics module 132, text input module 134, image management module 144, and browser module 147 cooperate blog module 142 may be used to a blog (e.g. user blog) to send text, still images, video and / or other graphics.

[0081] 通过与触摸屏112、显示器控制器156、一个或多个光学传感器164、光学传感器控制器158、接触模块130、图形模块132以及图像管理模块144协作,相机模块143可以用于获取静止图像或视频(包括视频流)并将其存入存储器102、修改静止图像或视频的特性、 或是从存储器102中删除静止图像或视频。 [0081] By the touch screen 112, display controller 156, one or more optical sensor 164, optical sensor controller 158, contact module 130, graphics module 132, and image management module 144 cooperate, the camera module 143 may be used to acquire still images or video (including a video stream) and store them in memory 102, modify characteristics of a still image or video, or delete a still image or video from memory 102..

[0082] 通过与触摸屏112、显示器控制器156、接触模块130、图形模块132、文本输入模块134以及相机模块143协作,图像管理模块144可以用于调整、修改或以其他方式操纵、标记、删除、呈现(例如以数字幻灯播放或相册方式)以及存储静止和/或视频图像。 [0082] By the touch screen 112, display controller 156, contact module 130, graphics module 132, text input module 134, and camera module 143 in collaboration, the image management module 144 may be used to adjust, modify or otherwise manipulate, label, delete presented (e.g., in a digital slide show or album mode), and store still and / or video images.

[0083] 通过与触摸屏112、显示器控制器156、接触模块130、图形模块132、音频电路110 以及扬声器111协作,视频播放器模块145可以用于显示、呈现或以其他方式回放视频(例如在触摸屏或是经由外部端口1¾相连的外部显示器上)。 [0083] By the touch screen 112, display controller 156, contact module 130, graphics module 132, audio circuitry 110, and speaker 111 collaboration, the video player module 145 may be used to display, present or otherwise play back videos (e.g., on the touch screen or on the external display via external port connected to 1¾).

[0084] 通过与触摸屏112、显示系统控制器156、接触模块130、图形模块132、音频电路110、扬声器111、RF电路108以及浏览器模块147协作,音乐播放器模块146允许用户下载和回放所记录的音乐以及以一种或多种音乐格式存储的其他声音文件,例如MP3或AAC文件。 [0084] The system controller 156, contact module 130, graphics module 132, audio circuitry 110, speaker 111, RF circuitry 108, and browser module 147 cooperate, the music player module 146 allows the user to download and play back through the touch screen 112, display recorded music and other sound files in one or stored in a variety of music formats, such as MP3 or AAC files. 在一些实施例中,设备100可以包括MP3播放器的功能,例如iPod(Apple Computer, Inc.的商标)。 In some embodiments, device 100 may include the functionality of an MP3 player, for example, iPod (Apple Computer trademark, Inc.'s). [0085] 通过与RF电路108、触摸屏112、显示系统控制器156、接触模块130、图形模块132 以及文本输入模块Π4协作,浏览器模块147可以用于浏览因特网,包括搜索、链接、接收和显示网页或是其部分,以及与网页相链接的附件和其他文件。 [0085] by RF circuitry 108, touch screen 112, display system controller 156, contact module 130, graphics module 132, and text input module Π4 cooperation, the browser module 147 may be used to browse the Internet, including searching, linking, to receive and display pages or portions thereof, as well as attachments and other files linked to web pages.

[0086] 通过与RF电路108、触摸屏112、显示系统控制器156、接触模块130、图形模块132、文本输入模块134、电子邮件模块140以及浏览器模块147协作,日历模块148可以用于创建、显示、修改和存储日历以及与日历相关联的数据(例如日历条目,任务清单等等)。 [0086] by RF circuitry 108, touch screen 112, display system controller 156, contact module 130, graphics module 132, text input module 134, e-mail module 140, and browser module 147 cooperate to create a calendar module 148 may be used, display, modify, and store calendars and data associated with calendars (eg, calendar entries, tasks, inventory, etc.).

[0087] 通过与RF电路108、触摸屏112、显示系统控制器156、接触模块130、图形模块132、文本输入模块134以及浏览器模块147协作,小插件模块149是可以由用户下载和使用(例如天气小插件149-1、股票小插件149-2、计算器小插件149-3、闹钟小插件149-4以及字典小插件149-5)或是由用户创建(例如用户创建的小插件149-6)的迷你应用程序。 [0087] by RF circuitry 108, touch screen 112, display 156, 130, graphics module 132, text input module 134, and browser module 147 cooperate small plug-in module 149 can be downloaded and used by a user of the system controller contacting module (e.g. weather widget 149-1, stocks widget 149-2, calculator widget 149-3, alarm clock widget 149-4, and dictionary widget 149-5) or created by the user (such as user-created widgets 149- 6) mini-applications. 在一些实施例中,小插件包括HTML(超文本标记语言)文件、CSS(层叠样式表单)文件以及JavaScript文件。 In some embodiments, a widget includes an HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) file, CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) file, and JavaScript files. 在一些实施例中,小插件包括XML (可扩展标记语言)文件和JavMcript 文件(例如Yahoo !小插件)。 In some embodiments, a widget includes an XML (Extensible Markup Language) file and JavMcript files (such as Yahoo! Widgets).

[0088] 通过与RF电路108、触摸屏112、显示系统控制器156、接触模块130、图形模块132、文本输入模块134以及浏览器模块147协作,小插件创建器模块150可以供用户用于创建小插件(例如将网页中的用户指定部分变成小插件)。 [0088] by RF circuitry 108, touch screen 112, display system controller 156, contact module 130, graphics module 132, text input module 134, and browser module 147 cooperate widget creator module 150 may be used for the user to create a small widget (e.g., the user-specified portion of a web page into a widget).

[0089] 通过与触摸屏112、显示系统控制器156、接触模块130、图形模块132以及文本输入模块134协作,搜索模块151可以用于搜索存储器102中与一个或多个搜索判据(例如一个或多个用户指定搜索项)相匹配的文本、音乐、声音、图像、视频和/或其他文件。 [0089] By the touch screen 112, display system controller 156, contact module 130, graphics module 132, text input module 134, and cooperate, the search module 151 may search the memory 102 for one or more search criteria (e.g., one or more user-specified search terms) that match the text, music, sound, images, video and / or other documents.

[0090] 通过与触摸屏112、显示器控制器156、接触模块130、图形模块132以及文本输入模块134协作,记事本模块153可以用于创建和管理记事本、任务清单等等。 [0090] By the touch screen 112, display controller 156, contact module 130, graphics module 132, text input module 134, and cooperate, notes module 153 may be used to create and manage notes, task lists and the like.

[0091] 通过与RF电路108、触摸屏112、显示系统控制器156、接触模块130、图形模块132、文本输入模块134、GPS模块135以及浏览器模块147协作,地图模块IM可以用于接收、显示、修改和存储地图以及与地图相关联的数据(例如驾驶方向;关于商店和处于特定位置或是其附近的其他兴趣点的数据;以及其他基于位置的数据)。 [0091] The system controller 156, contact module 130, graphics module 132, text input module 134, GPS module 135, and browser module 147 cooperate, may be used to map module IM received by RF circuitry 108, touch screen 112, display, display , modify, and store maps and data associated with maps (e.g., driving directions; data on stores and other points in a particular location of interest or in the vicinity thereof; and other location-based data).

[0092] 每一个上述模块和应用都对应于用于执行一个或多个上述功能的指令集。 [0092] Each of the modules and applications correspond to a set of instructions to perform one or more functions described above. 这些模块(即指令集)不必作为独立的软件程序、过程或模块来实施,由此在不同的实施例中,这些模块的不同子集可以组合或以其他方式重新调整。 These modules (i.e., sets of instructions) need not as separate software programs, procedures or modules, whereby in various embodiments, various subsets of these modules may be combined or otherwise re-adjusted. 例如,视频播放器模块145可以和音乐播放器模块146组合成单个模块(例如视频和音乐播放器模块152,图1B)。 For example, video player module 145 and music player module can be combined into a single module 146 (e.g., video and music player module 152, Figure 1B). 在一些实施例中,存储器102可以存储上述模块和数据结构的子集。 In some embodiments, memory 102 may store a subset of the modules and data structures. 此外,存储器102还可以存储在上文未被指出的附加模块和数据结构。 In addition, the memory 102 may store additional modules and data structures not described above indicated.

[0093] 在一些实施例中,设备100是这样一个设备,在该设备中,设备上的预定功能集合的操作仅仅通过触摸屏112和/或触摸板执行。 [0093] In some embodiments, the device 100 is a device in the apparatus, operating on a predetermined function of the set of devices only by 112 and / or a touchpad touchscreen. 通过使用触摸屏和/或触摸板作为用于设备100的操作的主输入/控制设备,可以减少设备100上的物理输入/控制设备(例如按钮、拨号盘等等)的数量。 By using a touch screen and / or a touchpad as the primary input device 100 for operating / control apparatus can be reduced on a physical input device 100 / control devices (such as buttons, dials, etc.) number.

[0094] 可以通过触摸屏和/或触摸板排他地执行的预定功能集合包括在用户界面之间进行导航。 [0094] The predetermined function may be performed exclusively through a touch screen and / or a touchpad include navigation between a set of user interface. 在一些实施例中,在被用户触摸时,触摸板会将设备100从可在设备100上显示的任何用户界面导航至主菜单、起始(home)菜单或根菜单。 Any user interface navigation] In some embodiments, when touched by the user, the touch panel 100 from the device will be displayed on the device 100 to the main menu, starting (Home) menu or root menu. 在这样的实施例中,触摸板可以被称为“菜单按钮”。 In such embodiments, the touchpad may be referred to as a "menu button." 在一些其他实施例中,菜单按钮可以是物理按钮或其他物理输入/CN 101529368 B 控制设备,而不是触摸板。 In some other embodiments, the menu button may be a physical push button or other physical input / CN 101529368 B control apparatus, instead of a touchpad.

[0095] 图2示出了根据一些实施例的具有触摸屏112的便携式多功能设备100。 [0095] FIG 2 illustrates a portable multifunction device in accordance with some 112 having a touch screen 100 of the embodiment. 触摸屏可以显示用户界面(UI)200中的一个或多个图形。 The touch screen may display one or more graphical user interface 200 (UI). 在该实施例中,以及下面描述的其他实施例中,用户可以通过例如使用一个或多个手指202(在图中没有按比例示出)接触或触摸图形来选择一个或多个所述图形。 In this embodiment, and other embodiments described below, a user may, for example, by using one or more fingers 202 (not shown to scale in the figures) contact or touch to select one or more graphics to the graphics. 在一些实施例中,当用户终止与一个或多个图形的接触时,发生对所述一个或多个图形的选择。 In some embodiments, when the user terminates contact with the one or more graphics occurs selection of the one or more graphics. 在一些实施例中,接触可以包括已经与设备100 进行了接触的手势,诸如一次或多次轻击(tap)、一次或多次掠过(swipe)(从左至右、从右至左、向上和/或向下)和/或滚动(rolling)手指(从右至左、从左至右、向上和/或向下)。 In some embodiments, the contact may include a gesture has been in contact with the device 100, such as one or more tap (TAP), passing one or more times (swipe) (from left to right, right to left, upward and / or downward) and / or rolling (rolling) a finger (from right to left, from left to right, upward and / or downward). 在一些实施例中,与图形的无意接触不能选择该图形。 In some embodiments, inadvertent contact with a graphic can not select the graphic. 例如,当与选择相对应的手势是轻击时,扫过(sweep)应用图标的掠过手势不能选择该对应的应用。 For example, when the gesture corresponding to selection is a tap, sweep (Sweep) swipe gesture application icon can not select the corresponding application.

[0096] 设备100也可以包括一个或多个物理按钮,例如“起始”或菜单按钮204。 [0096] device 100 may also include one or more physical buttons, such as "home" or menu button 204. 如前所述,菜单按钮204可以被用于导航到能够在设备100上执行的应用集合中的任意应用136。 As mentioned previously, the menu button 204 may be used to navigate to any application capable of performing the set of applications 100 on the device 136. 可替换地,在一些实施例中,菜单按钮可以被实现为触摸屏112中的⑶I中的软键。 Alternatively, in some embodiments, the menu button may be implemented as a touch screen 112 ⑶I softkey.

[0097] 在一个实施例中,设备100包括触摸屏112、菜单按钮204、用于打开/关闭设备的电源并锁定设备的按钮开关206、(一个或多个)音量调节按钮208、用户标识模块(SIM)卡槽210、头戴式送受话器插孔212、以及对接(docking)/充电外部端口124。 [0097] In one embodiment, the apparatus 100 includes a touch screen 112, menu button 204, for opening / closing the power supply of the lock button and the switching device 206, (one or more) volume adjustment button 208, a subscriber identity module ( SIM) card slot 210, head set jack 212, and docking (docking) / charging external port 124. 通过压下按钮并保持按钮在被压下状态达预定时间间隔,按钮开关206可以被用于打开/关闭设备100 的电源;通过压下按钮并在预定时间间隔消逝之前释放按钮,按钮开关206可以被用来锁定设备;和/或为设备解锁或启动解锁处理。 By depressing the button and holding the button in the depressed state of the predetermined time interval, switch 206 may be a button for opening / closing the power supply device 100; and the button is released before the predetermined time interval elapses by depressing the button, button switch 206 can be the locking device is used; and / or unlock the device or initiate the unlocking process. 在可替换的实施例中,设备100也可以通过麦克风113接受用于激活或去激活一些功能的口头输入。 In an alternative embodiment, the device 100 through the microphone 113 may be used to accept verbal input activation or deactivation of some functions.

[0098] 现在将注意力转到用户界面(“UI”)以及可以在便携式多功能设备100上实施的相关处理的实施例上。 [0098] Attention is now directed to the user interface ( "UI") and associated processing on the embodiment may be implemented on a portable multifunction device 100.

[0099] 图3示出了一个根据一些实施例来触锁便携式电子设备的示例性用户界面。 [0099] FIG. 3 illustrates a lock to contact a portable electronic device according to some exemplary embodiments the user interface. 在一些实施例中,用户界面300包括以下部件或是这些部件的子集或超集: In some embodiments, user interface 300 includes the following elements, or a subset or superset of these components:

[0100] •跟着手指手势移动来解锁设备的解锁图像302 ; [0100] • finger gesture to unlock the unlock image along with mobile device 302;

[0101] •提供针对解锁手势的视觉提示的箭头304 ; [0101] • provide a visual cue for unlocking gesture of arrow 304;

[0102] •提供对解锁手势的附加提示的通道306 ; [0102] • provide access to additional tips to unlock gesture 306;

[0103] •时间308; [0103] • Time 308;

[0104] •日310; [0104] • Day 310;

[0105] •日期312;以及 [0105] • Date 312; and

[0106] •墙纸图像314。 [0106] • Wallpaper image 314.

[0107] 在一些实施例中,在设备处于用户界面锁定状态时,该设备检测与触摸敏感显示器的接触(例如用户手指接触解锁图像302或是其附近)。 [0107] In some embodiments, when the device is a user-interface lock state, the device detects contacts (e.g., contact with a user's finger or near the unlock image 302) is a touch-sensitive display. 该设备根据所述接触来移动解锁图像302。 The apparatus moves the unlock image 302 in accordance with the contact. 如果检测到的接触与预定手势相对应,例如对应于沿着通道306来移动解锁图像,那么该设备转换成用户界面解锁状态。 If the detected contact corresponds to a predefined gesture, such as moving the unlock image corresponding to channel 306 along, then converting the device into a user-interface unlock state. 相反,如果检测到的接触不与预定手势相对应,那么设备将会保持用户界面锁定状态。 Conversely, if the detected contact does not correspond to the predefined gesture, the device will keep the user-interface lock state. 如上所述,在触摸屏上使用手势来解锁设备的处理是在2005 年12 月23 日提交的名为“Unlocking A Device By Performing Gestures On An Unlocklmage”的美国专利申请11/322,549以及2005年12月23日提交的名为“Indication Of Progress Towards Satisfaction Of A User InputCondition,,的美国专利申请11/322,550中描述的,其中这些专利申请在这里引入作为参考。 As mentioned above, the use of gestures on the touch screen to unlock handling equipment in the United States patent entitled "Unlocking A Device By Performing Gestures On An Unlocklmage" of December 23, 2005, filed 11 / 322,549, and December 23, 2005 filed entitled "Indication of Progress Towards Satisfaction of a User InputCondition ,, U.S. Patent application 11 / 322,550 is described, wherein these patent applications incorporated herein by reference.

[0108] 图4A和4B示出了根据一些实施例的用于便携式多功能设备上的应用菜单的示例性用户界面。 [0108] Figures 4A and 4B illustrate some exemplary user interface for an application menu on a portable multifunction device according to an embodiment. 在一些实施例中,用户界面400A包括下列部件或是其子集或超集: In some embodiments, user interface 400A includes the following elements, or a subset or superset thereof:

[0109] •用于一个或多个无线通信、例如蜂窝和Wi-Fi信号的一个或多个信号强度指示器402 ; [0109] • for one or more wireless communication, such as one or more cellular and Wi-Fi signal strength indicator signal 402;

[0110] •时间404; [0110] • Time 404;

[0111] •电池状态指示器406; [0111] • Battery status indicator 406;

[0112] •具有用于频繁使用的应用的图标的托盘408,例如下列各项中的一项或多项: [0112] • has a tray icon for frequently used applications 408, for example, in the following one or more of:

[0113] ο电话138,它可以包括关于未接呼叫或语音邮件消息数量的指示器414 ; [0113] ο telephone 138, which may include information about the number of missed calls or voicemail message indicator 414;

[0114] ο电子邮件客户端140,它可以包括关于未读电子邮件数量的指示器410 ; [0114] ο e-mail client 140, which may include an indicator regarding the number of unread e-mail 410;

[0115] ο浏览器147;以及 [0115] ο browser 147; and

[0116] ο音乐播放器146;以及 [0116] ο music player 146; and

[0117] •用于其他应用的图标,例如下列各项中的一项或多项: [0117] • icons for other applications, such as in the following one or more of:

[0118] ο IM 141 ; [0118] ο IM 141;

[0119] ο图像管理144; [0119] ο Image management 144;

[0120] 。 [0120]. 相机143 ; Camera 143;

[0121] Q视频播放器145; [0121] Q Video player 145;

[0122] ο 天气149-1 ; [0122] ο weather 149-1;

[0123] ο 股票149-2 ; [0123] ο stock 149-2;

[0124] ο 博客149-3 ; [0124] ο blog 149-3;

[0125] ο 日历148; [0125] ο calendar 148;

[0126] ο 计算器149-3; [0126] ο Calculator 149-3;

[0127] ο 闹钟149-4 ; [0127] ο clock 149-4;

[0128] ο 字典149-5;以及 [0128] ο Dictionary 149-5; and

[0129] ο用户创建的小插件149-6。 [0129] ο user-created widget 149-6.

[0130] 在一些实施例中,用户界面400B包括下列部件或是其子集或超集: [0130] In some embodiments, user interface 400B includes the following elements, or a subset or superset thereof:

[0131] •如上所述的402,404,406,141,148,144,143,149-3,149-2,149-1,149-4,410, 414,138,140 以及147 ; [0131] • 402,404,406,141,148,144,143,149-3,149-2,149-1,149-4,410 described above, 414,138,140 and 147;

[0132] •地图154 ; [0132] • map 154;

[0133] •记事本143 ; [0133] • Notepad 143;

[0134] •设置412,它提供对设备100及其各种应用136的设置的访问;以及 [0134] • 412 is provided, which provides access to the setting device 100 and its various applications 136; and

[0135] •视频和音乐播放器模块152,也称iPod(Apple Computer, Inc.的商标)模块152。 [0135] • video and music player module 152, also known as iPod (Apple Computer trademark, Inc.'s) module 152.

[0136] 在一些实施例中,UI 400A或400B在一个屏幕上显示所有可用应用136,由此没有必要滚动应用列表(例如借助滚动栏)。 [0136] In some embodiments, UI 400A or 400B displays all of the available applications 136 on one screen, whereby it is not necessary to scroll the list of applications (e.g., by means of the scroll bar). 在一些实施例中,随着应用数量的增加,与应用相对应的图标的大小可以减小,由此可以在单个屏幕上显示所有应用,而不必进行滚动。 In some embodiments, as the number of applications, the size of the application corresponding to the icon can be reduced, whereby all applications may be displayed on a single screen without scrolling. 在一些实施例中,如果所有应用全都处于一个屏幕并且具有菜单按钮,那么将允许用户使用至多两根手指访问任何期望的应用,例如激活菜单按钮204,然后激活期望应用(例如通过在与应用相对应的图标上采用轻击或其他手指手势)。 In some embodiments, if all the applications and all at a screen having a menu button, then the application will allow the user to use two fingers to access up to any desired, such as activating the menu button 204 and then activating the desired application (e.g., with the application by using tap or other finger gesture on the corresponding icon). [0137] 在一些实施例中,UI 400A或400B提供针对基于小插件的应用和不基于小插件的应用的访问。 [0137] In some embodiments, UI 400A or 400B provides access to applications and non-widget-based applications for the widget based. 在一些实施例中,无论是否由用户创建,所有小插件全都显示在UI 400A或400B中。 In some embodiments, whether created by the user, all widgets are all displayed in UI 400A or 400B. 在其他实施例中,通过激活用户创建的小插件149-6的图标,可以导向另一个包含用户创建的小插件或是与用户创建的小插件相对应的图标的UI。 In other embodiments, an icon is created widget 149-6 through activation of a user, can further comprise a guide UI widget or widget user-created and user-created corresponding to the icon.

[0138] 在一些实施例中,用户可以重新排列400A或400B中的图标,例如使用2006年7 月24 日提交的名为"Portable Electronic Deviceffith Interface Reconfiguration Mode”的美国专利申请11/459,602中描述的处理,其中该专利申请引入作为参考。 [0138] In some embodiments, the user can rearrange the icons 400A or 400B, for example, US Patent entitled "Portable Electronic Deviceffith Interface Reconfiguration Mode" of July 24, 2006, filed 11 / 459,602 in process described, in which this patent application is incorporated by reference. 例如,用户可以使用手指手势来将应用图标移入或移出托盘408。 For example, users can use finger gestures to the application icon into or out of the tray 408.

[0139] 如在2005年12月23 日提交的名为“Account Information DisplayFor Portable Communication Device”的美国专利申请11/322,552中描述的那样,在一些实施例中,UI 400A或400B包括用于显示与设备使用情况相关联的账户(例如,蜂窝电话帐户)的更新账户使用量度计量器(未示出),其中该申请在这里引入作为参考。 [0139] As in U.S. Patent entitled "Account Information DisplayFor Portable Communication Device" of December 23, 2005, filed 11 / 322,552 described, in some embodiments, UI 400A or 400B includes means for displaying device usage associated with an account (e.g., a cellular phone account) is updated account usage metric gauge (not shown), which is hereby incorporated herein by reference.

[0140] 如上文中在背景技术部分指出的那样,对具有触摸屏的便携式电子设备的挑战是如何精确地将触摸屏上的2D手指接触区域信息翻译成唯一的ID光标位置。 [0140] As described above in the background section pointed out, the challenge for a portable electronic device having a touch screen is how to accurately 2D finger contact area on the touch screen information a unique ID translated into cursor position.

[0141] 手指与触摸屏显示器的接触(例如手指轻击)是一个包含了多种动作的过程,这些动作包括:手指接近显示器,手势与显示器接触,以及手指离开显示器。 [0141] finger contact with the touch screen display (e.g., a finger tap) is a process comprising a plurality of actions, the actions comprising: a finger approaches the display, gesture contact with the display, and the finger leaving the display. 在这个过程中,手指的接触区域从零增长到最大接触区域,然后减小到零。 In this process, the contact area of ​​the finger increased from zero to a maximum contact area and then decreases to zero. 在一些实施例中,对手指与显示器的稳定接触来说,其手指接触区域被定义成在与稳定接触相对应的时段中手指与触摸屏的最大接触区域。 In some embodiments, a stable contact of the finger with the display, its finger contact area is defined as the maximum contact area of ​​the finger with the touch screen in stable contact with the corresponding period.

[0142] 图5和6A〜6L示出了根据一些实施例来从手指与触摸屏的接触中确定光标位置的示例性方法。 [0142] FIGS. 5 and 6A~6L illustrate an exemplary method of determining a cursor position from a finger contact with the touch screen in accordance with some embodiments.

[0143] 如图6A所示,触摸屏显示器显示多个用户界面对象5602〜5608。 [0143] 6A, the touch screen display displays multiple user interface objects 5602~5608. 示例性的用户界面对象包括打开图标、关闭图标、删除图标、退出图标或软按键图标。 Exemplary user interface objects include open icon, a close icon, delete icon, exit icon or soft key icons. 这其中的一些图标可以部署在触摸屏显示器上的很小区域以内,由此一个图标会非常接近于另一个图标。 Some of these icons may be deployed within a small region on the touch screen display, whereby one icon is very close to another icon.

[0144] 在手指与触摸屏显示器相接触时,与常规的鼠标点击不同,手指在触摸屏显示器上具有特定接触区域(例如图6A中的5610)。 [0144] When the finger is in contact with the touch screen display, different from the conventional mouse click, the finger has a certain contact area (e.g., 5610 in FIG. 6A) on the touch screen display. 在一些实施例中,在可以激活用户界面对象来执行预定操作之前,有必要确定与手指和触摸屏显示器的接触区域5610相对应的光标位置。 Before some embodiments, the user interface object can be activated to perform a predetermined operation, it is necessary to determine the contact area with the finger and the touch screen display 5610 corresponding to the cursor position.

[0145] 在确定了手指接触区域之后(501),便携式设备确定与接触区域5610相关联的第一位置(503)。 [0145] After the (501) determining a finger contact area, the portable device determines a first position associated with the contact area 5610 (503). 如下所述,第一位置有可能是与手指接触相对应的光标位置,也有可能不是。 As described below, there may be a first position corresponding to the finger contact with the cursor position is also not possible. 但是第一位置将被用于确定光标位置。 But the first position is used to determine the cursor position. 在一些实施例中,如图6B所示,第一位置P1是接触区域5610的质心。 In some embodiments, shown in Figure 6B, the first position P1 is the centroid of the contact area 5610.

[0146] 在一些其他实施例中(图6H),当手指与触摸屏显示器物理接触时,该手指必须按下显示器,并且其压力会随着接触区域内部的位置的不同而改变。 [0146] In some other embodiments (Figure 6H), when the finger contact with the touch screen display physical display of the finger must be pressed, and the contact pressure may vary from the position of the inner region is changed. 有时,用户施加了最大压力的位置P2未必是接触区域的质心P1,但是最大压力位置P2有可能更接近用户希望选择的对象。 Sometimes, the user applies the maximum pressure position P2 may not be the centroid of the contact area P1, but the maximum pressure position P2 may be closer to the object with a user wants to select.

[0147] 如图6H所示,接触区域5610被认为是具有主轴和垂直于主轴的短轴的椭圆。 [0147] As shown in FIG. 6H, the contact area 5610 is considered to be an ellipse having a major axis and a minor axis perpendicular to the main axis. 假设在接触区域5610的质心与相应的最大压力位置P2之间存在一个固定距离Ad'。 Ad assumed that there is a fixed distance between the centroid of the contact area 5610 and the corresponding maximum pressure position P2 '. 在这种情况下,第一位置或最大压力位置P2可以从Pl和Ad'中确定。 In this case, the first position or the maximum pressure position P2 can be determined from the Pl and Ad 'are. [0148] 手指接触的光标位置P是根据一个或多个参数确定的(505),这其中包括第一位置、也就是图6B中的P1或图6H中的P2的定位,第一位置与第一位置附近的一个或多个用户界面对象之间的一个或多个距离,以及在一些实施例中是与用户界面对象(例如图6C或图61中的W1〜W4)相关联的一个或多个激活敏感度数字。 [0148] The cursor position P of the finger contact is determined based on one or more parameters (505), which includes a first position, which is positioned P2 in FIG 6B or FIG. 6H P1, a first position and the second one or more distances between a position near the one or more user interface objects, and in some embodiments, the user interface object (e.g. W1~W4 FIG 6C or FIG. 61) associated with one or more a digital activation sensitivity.

[0149] 在一些实施例中,如图6C和61所示,第一位置(图6C中的P1或图61中的P2)与相应用户界面对象(5602,5604,5606或5608)之间的距离是第一位置与最接近第一位置的用户界面对象上的点之间的距离。 [0149] In some embodiments, as shown in FIGS. 6C and between the first position (Pl in FIG. 6C or P2 in FIG. 61) with the respective user interface object 61 (5602,5604,5606 or 5608) distance is the distance between a point on a first user interface object position closest to the first position.

[0150] 在一些实施例中,如图6D和6J所示,第一位置(图6D中的P1或图6J中的P2)与用户界面对象(5602,5604,5606或5608)之间的距离是第一位置与用户界面对象中心之间的距离。 [0150] In some embodiments, the distance between and FIG. 6D, a first position (FIG. 6D or FIG. 6J P1 P2) and the user interface object shown 6J (5602,5604,5606 or 5608) is the distance between the first position and the user interface object center.

[0151] 在一些实施例中,光标位置与第一位置之间的偏移(例如图6E和6F中的Δ d)是由如下公式给出的: [0151] In some embodiments, the offset (e.g., Δ d in Figures 6E and 6F) between the cursor position and the first position is given by the following equation:

[0152] M = YjMi=Y^-Ui [0152] M = YjMi = Y ^ -Ui

i i Cii i i Cii

[0153]其中: [0153] wherein:

[0154] · 是光标位置P与第一位置P1之间的偏移量, [0154] * is the offset between the cursor position P and the first position P1,

[0155] · 是沿着第一位置与用户界面对象i之间的方向且与用户界面对象I相关联的偏移量, [0155] * is the direction between the first position and the user interface object i and the user interface object associated with the I offset,

[0156] · Wi是与用户界面对象i相关联的激活敏感度数字, [0156] · Wi is a user interface object associated with an activation susceptibility number i,

[0157] · Cli是第一位置与用户界面对象i之间的距离, [0157] · Cli is the distance between the first position and the user interface object i,

[0158] · η是实数(例如1),以及 [0158] · η is a real number (e.g. 1), and

[0159] · g是沿着Δ式方向的单位矢量。 [0159] · g is a unit vector along the direction of formula Δ.

[0160] 如果所确定的光标位置P位于特定用户界面对象(例如图6Ε中的5602),则激活用户界面对象,以便执行预定操作,例如播放曲目、删除电子邮件消息、或是在输入栏中输入字符。 [0160] If the determined cursor position P at a particular user interface object (e.g., 5602 in FIG 6Ε), the user interface object is activated to perform a predetermined operation such as playing a song delete e-mail message, or in the input field enter the characters.

[0161] 在一些实施例中,根据与每一个对象相关联的操作,与不同用户界面对象相关联的激活敏感度数字具有不同的值和符号。 [0161] In some embodiments, the operation of each of the objects associated with a different user interface object associated with an activation susceptibility numbers and symbols have different values.

[0162] 举个例子,如图6Ε所示,如果与用户界面对象5602相关联的操作是可逆或者在其他方面是无损的(non-destructive)(例如用户界面对象5602是音乐和视频播放器模块146的播放图标),则将具有第一符号(例如“ + ”)的激活敏感度数字W/指定给对象5602,以使所确定的光标位置P与第一位置P1相比更接近于对象5602,从而更易于激活对象5602。 [0162] For example, as shown in FIG 6Ε, if the operation associated with the user interface object 5602 is reversible or lossless (non-destructive) in other areas (e.g., the user interface object 5602 is a music and video player module play icon 146), then a first symbol (e.g. "+") sensitivity of the digital activation W / 5602 assigned to the object, so that the cursor position P and the first position P1 is closer to the determined target compared to 5602 , making it easier to activate the object 5602. 在这个上下文中,“无损”被定义成是指不会导致永久性信息丢失的操作。 In this context, the "non-destructive" is defined to mean not result in permanent loss of information operations.

[0163] 与之相反,如图6F所示,如果与用户界面对象5602相关联的操作是不可逆或是损害用户信息的(例如,用户界面对象5602是邮件模块140的删除图标),则将一个具有与第一符号相反的第二符号(例如“_”)的激活敏感度数字W1"指定给对象5602,以使所确定的光标位置P可以与第一位置P1相比更为远离对象5602,从而更难激活对象5602。由此,在与对象相关联的激活敏感度数字具有第二符号时,该接触必须相对精确地定位在所述对象上,以便将其激活,其中较大的激活敏感度数字值对应的是较高的精确度。 [0163] In contrast, FIG. 6F, if the operation associated with the user interface object 5602 is irreversible damage or user information (e.g., the user interface object 5602 is the delete icon message module 140), then a having a second sign opposite to the first symbol (e.g. "_") sensitivity of the digital activation W1 "is assigned to the object 5602 such that the determined cursor position P may be more than the first position P1 away from the object 5602, thus harder to activate the object 5602. Accordingly, upon activation susceptibility numbers associated with an object having a second symbol, this contact must be relatively precisely positioned over the object in order to activate it, with larger activation susceptibility corresponding digital values ​​of higher accuracy.

[0164] 在一些实施例中,光标位置P是根据第一位置、与最接近第一位置的用户界面对 [0164] In some embodiments, the cursor position P is a first position, a first position closest to the user interface of

19象相关联的激活敏感度数字、以及第一位置与最接近第一位置的用户界面对象之间的距离确定的。 19 as the distance between the activation susceptibility number associated with a location and a first user interface object closest to the first position determination. 在这些实施例中,光标位置P不受与其他相邻用户界面对象相关联的参数的影响。 In these embodiments, the cursor position P is not affected by the parameters associated with other neighboring user interface objects. 举个例子,如图6K所示,第一位置P1最接近于具有相关联的激活敏感度数字W1的用户界面对象5602。 For example, as shown, the first position P1 to the activation susceptibility number W1 closest associated with the user interface object 5602 6K. 第一位置P1与对象5602之间的距离是屯。 The distance between the first position P1 and the object 5602 is Tun. 所要确定的光标位置P仅仅受这些参数影响,而不会受到相邻用户界面对象5604,5606或5608的影响。 The cursor position P to be determined only by the influence of these parameters, without being adjacent to influence the user interface object 5608 or 5604,5606.

[0165] 在一些实施例中,当一个或多个用户界面对象落入第一位置的预定距离以内时, 光标位置P是根据第一位置、与落入预定距离的每一个用户界面对象相关联的激活敏感度数字、以及第一位置与这些用户界面对象中的每一个之间的距离确定的。 [0165] In some embodiments, when one or more user interface objects fall within a predetermined distance from the first position, the cursor position P is a first position, with each user interface object falls within a predetermined distance associated the sensitivity of the digital activation, and the first position and the distance between each of those user interface objects are determined. 作为替换,在一些实施例中,当一个或多个用户界面对象落入用户手指与触摸屏显示器相接触的接触区域(或是处于接触区域的预定距离以内)时,光标位置P是根据第一位置、与落入接触区域(或是与接触区域具有预定距离)的每一个用户界面对象相关联的激活敏感度数字、以及第一位置与这些用户界面对象中的每一个之间的距离确定的。 Alternatively, in some embodiments, when one or more user interface objects fall within the user's finger is in contact with a contact area of ​​the touch screen display (or a predetermined distance in the contact region within), the cursor position is a first position P , and the activation susceptibility numbers falling within the contact region (or a predetermined distance from the contact area) for each user interface object associated with the first location and a distance between each of those user interface objects are determined.

[0166] 在一些实施例中,如图6L所示,如果第一位置处于显示器上的特定用户界面对象(例如5604)以内,那么光标位置与第一位置是相同的,其中所述第一位置可以是图6B中的P1或图6H中的P2。 [0166] In some embodiments, as shown in FIG. 6L, if the first position is on a particular user interface object within a display (e.g. 5604), then the cursor position is the same as the first position, wherein said first position may P1 in FIG. 6B or FIG. 6H P2. 在这种情况下,光标位置不必进一步偏离第一位置。 In this case, the cursor position without further offset from the first position.

[0167] 在一些实施例中,如图6E所示,手指接触没有必要正好在对象处发生,以便激活该对象。 [0167] In some embodiments, 6E, a finger contact does not need to occur just at the object to activate the object. 相反,只要所确定的光标位置落入用户界面对象以内,所述用户界面对象即可激活。 Instead, as long as the determined cursor position falls within a user interface object, the user interface objects to activate. 在一些实施例中,如果所确定的光标位置落入用户界面对象的“命中区域”以内,那么用户界面对象将被激活。 In some embodiments, if the determined cursor position falls within a user interface object "hit area" within, the user interface object is activated. 用户界面对象的命中区域既可以与用户界面对象自身具有相同大小,也可以大于或小于用户界面对象。 Hit area user interface objects both with a user interface object itself has the same size may be larger or smaller than the user interface object. 对数据造成不可逆或损害性变化的用户界面对象通常具有与所述用户界面对象自身相同或更小的命中区域。 Data irreversible changes or damage to the user interface object generally has the same user interface object itself or less hit region. 在一些实施例,至少一些不对数据造成不可逆或损坏性变化的用户界面对象具有大于这些用户界面对象的大小。 In some embodiments, at least some of the data does not cause irreversible or destructive changes in the user interface object having a size larger than those user interface objects. 对此类对象来说,命中区域中大于相应用户界面对象的部分可以被称为隐藏命中区域。 For such objects, the portion of the hit region is greater than the corresponding user interface object may be called a hidden hit region.

[0168] 在一些实施例中,在如上公式中确定光标位置时涉及的至少一些用户界面对象是可以在触摸屏显示器上看到的。 [0168] In some embodiments, at least some user interface objects involved in determining the cursor position in the formula above are visible on the touch screen display.

[0169] 在一些实施例中,在特定的应用模块中,与用户界面对象相关联的激活敏感度数字(例如W1-W4)是依赖于上下文的,并且在特定应用模块内随着上下文变化而改变。 [0169] In some embodiments, in a specific application module, the activation susceptibility numbers (e.g., W1-W4) associated with the user interface object is context dependent, and the change in context with a specific application module change. 例如,某个对象可能具有在第一时刻对光标位置有吸引力的第一激活敏感度数字(在特定应用模块的第一上下文中),但在第二时刻具有对光标位置的吸引力较差甚至排斥该光标位置(例如,如果第二激活敏感度数字具有相反的符号)的第二激活敏感度数字(在特定应用模块的第二上下文中)。 For example, an object may have attractive cursor position at a first time a first activation susceptibility numbers (in a first context of a specific application module), but having attractive to a cursor position at a second time poor the cursor position even rejection (e.g., if the second activation susceptibility number has an opposite sign) of the second activation susceptibility numbers (in a second context of a specific application module).

[0170] 图6M〜60示出了根据一些实施例而在用软键盘按键键入字时动态调整与软键盘按键相关联的激活敏感度数字的示例性方法。 [0170] FIG 6M~60 illustrates the exemplary method of dynamically adjusting activation susceptibility numbers associated with soft keyboard keys when typing characters with a soft keyboard keys in accordance with some embodiments. 该用户界面包括输入栏5620和软键盘5640。 The user interface includes a soft keyboard input field 5620 and 5640. 如果用户选择软键盘5640上的任何按键图标,那么在输入栏5620中输入相应的用户选定字符。 If the user selects any key on the soft keyboard icon 5640, then enter the appropriate user in the input field 5620 selected characters. 出于例证目的,如图6M所示,所有按键图标初始都具有相同的激活敏感度数字5。 For illustrative purposes, as shown in FIG. 6M, all the key icons initially have the same activation susceptibility number 5.

[0171] 图6N示出了在将两个字符“Go”输入到输入栏5620之后与不同按键图标相关联的激活敏感度数字。 [0171] FIG. 6N illustrates two characters in the "Go" is input to the input field after the activation susceptibility number 5620 with a different key associated with the icon. 与按键图标相关联的激活敏感度数字已根据先前输入的字符进行了调整。 Associated with key icons associated with activation of the sensitivity figures have been adjusted in accordance with the character previously entered. 例如,由于“God”是一个常见英文单词,因此,按键图标“D”的激活敏感度数字从5变成了10。 For example, since "God" is a common English word, therefore, a key icon "D" digital activation sensitivity from 5 becomes 10. 由此,即使下一个手指接触更接近按键图标“F”而不是按键图标“D”自身,也可以激活按键图标“D”。 Accordingly, even if the next finger contact is closer to the key icon "F" key instead of "D" icon itself can also be activated key icon "D". 同样,由于每一个字串“Goa”和“Goo”将会产生一个或多个更为合理的英文单词,例如“Goal ”、“Good”或“Goad”,因此,与按键图标“A”和“0”相关联的激活敏感度数字也会增加。 Also, since each string "Goa" and "Goo" will produce a more reasonable or more English words, such as "Goal", "Good" or "Goad", therefore, the key icon "A" and "0" activation sensitivity associated number will increase. 与之相反,由于在任何常见英文单词开端都不会找到字串“Gok”,因此, 按键图标“K”的激活敏感度数字将会降到3。 In contrast, since the beginning will not find the string "Gok", therefore, a key icon in any common English word "K" digital activation sensitivity will be reduced to 3.

[0172] 图60描述的是在将另一个字符“a”输入到输入栏5620之后与不同按键图标相关联的经过更新的激活敏感度数字。 [0172] FIG. 60 is another after the character "a" is input to the input field 5620 with different key icons after update associated activation susceptibility numbers described. 在给出了已被输入的字串“Goa”的情况下,用户有可能键入单词“Goal”。 In the case of a given string have been entered "Goa", the user may have typed the word "Goal". 相应地,与按键图标“L”相关联的激活敏感度数字将会增加至9,而与按键图标“0”相关联的激活敏感度数字则会降至2,这是因为在任何常见英文单词开端都不会找到字串“Goao”。 Accordingly, with the key icon "L" activation sensitivity associated number will be increased to 9, with the key icon "0" activation sensitivity associated number will be reduced to 2, because in any common English words You will not find the beginning of the string "Goao".

[0173] 总的来说,手指与触摸屏显示器接触的光标位置至少部分是根据指定给用户界面对象的激活敏感度数字(或权重)来调整的。 [0173] In general, the cursor position with the finger contacting the touch screen display is at least partially (or weights) assigned to be adjusted according to the user interface object activation susceptibility numbers. 这种光标位置调整有助于减少误选用户界面对象的机会。 Such cursor position adjustment helps to reduce the chance of mistakenly select user interface objects.

[0174] 出于说明目的,以上描述是参考特定实施例来进行的。 [0174] For purposes of illustration, the foregoing description is a specific embodiment with reference to the embodiments. 但是,上文中的例证性论述并不是为了穷举或是将本发明局限于所公开的确切形式。 However, in the above illustrative discussion is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise forms disclosed. 根据上述教导,众多修改和变更都是可行的。 According to the above teachings, numerous modifications and variations are possible. 通过选择和描述这些实施例,可以对本发明原理及其实践应用进行最佳解释, 由此使本领域其他技术人员最佳地使用本发明以及具有适于所考虑的特定用途的各种修改的不同实施例。 Various modifications may be made to best explain the principles of the invention and its practical application by the selection and description of these embodiments, thereby enabling others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention and adapted to the particular use contemplated different Example.

Claims (34)

1. 一种用于从手指接触来确定光标位置的方法,包括以下步骤: 检测手指与触摸屏显示器的接触区域;确定与所述接触区域的质心相对应的第一位置;基于所述接触区域的形状来确定偏离所述第一位置的第二位置;以及至少部分地基于下列各项来确定光标位置:所述第二位置,所述第二位置与多个用户界面对象中的一个或多个用户界面对象之间的一个或多个距离,以及一个或多个激活敏感度数字,每一个激活敏感度数字都与所述多个用户界面对象中的相应用户界面对象相关联。 1. A method for determining a finger contact from a cursor position, comprising the steps of: detecting a finger contact with the touch screen display area; determining a first position of the centroid of the contact area corresponds; based on the contact area determining a shape offset from the first position to a second position; be determined at least in part based on the position of the cursor of the following: said second position, said second position with a plurality of user interface objects in one or more of the distance between the one or more user interface objects, and one or more activation susceptibility numbers, each with an activation susceptibility numbers are respective user interface object in the plurality of user interface objects is associated.
2. 一种用于从手指接触来确定光标位置的方法,包括以下步骤: 检测手指与触摸屏显示器的接触区域;确定与所述接触区域相关联的第一位置;以及至少部分地基于下列各项来确定光标位置: 所述第一位置,所述第一位置与多个用户界面对象中的一个或多个用户界面对象之间的一个或多个距离,以及一个或多个激活敏感度数字,每一个激活敏感度数字都与所述多个用户界面对象中的相应用户界面对象相关联。 2. A method for determining a cursor position from a finger contact, comprising the steps of: detecting a finger contact with the touch screen display area; determining a first position associated with the contact region; and at least partially based on the following determining a cursor position: the first position, the one or more distances between the first position and a plurality of user interface objects or a plurality of user interface objects, and one or more activation susceptibility numbers, each activation susceptibility numbers are associated with a respective user interface object in the plurality of user interface objects is associated.
3.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其中所述多个用户界面对象包括一个或多个打开图标、一个或多个关闭图标、一个或多个删除图标、一个或多个退出图标、或软键盘按键图标。 3. The method according to claim 2, wherein said plurality of user interface objects include one or more open icons, one or more close icons, one or more delete icons, one or more exit icons, or soft keyboard icon.
4.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其中对于手指与显示器的固定接触,在与所述固定接触相对应的时段中,检测到的接触区域对应于手指与显示器的最大接触区域。 4. The method according to claim 2, wherein the fixed contact of the finger with the display, in a period corresponding to the fixed contact, the detected contact area corresponds to the maximum contact area of ​​the finger with the display.
5.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其中所述第一位置是所述接触区域的质心。 5. The method according to claim 2, wherein said first position is the centroid of the contact area.
6.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其中所述接触区域是具有长轴的椭圆形,并且所述第一位置沿着所述长轴偏离所述接触区域的质心。 6. The method according to claim 2, wherein the contact area is elliptical with a major axis and the first location of the centroid of the contact area along the major axis deviation.
7.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其中如果激活敏感度数字具有第一符号,那么与所述激活敏感度数字相关联的用户界面对象易于被激活;以及如果所述激活敏感度数字具有与所述第一符号相反的第二符号,那么与所述激活敏感度数字相关联的用户界面对象难于被激活。 And if the activation susceptibility number has; 7. The method of claim 2, wherein if the activation susceptibility number has a first sign, then easily associated with the activation susceptibility number of user interface object is activated opposite the first symbol of the second symbol, and it is difficult to be activated with the activation susceptibility numbers associated user interface objects.
8.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其中所述第一位置与用户界面对象之间的距离是所述第一位置与用户界面对象上的最接近所述第一位置的点之间的距离。 8. The method according to claim 2, wherein a distance between the first position and the user interface object is the distance between the closest point on the first position and the first position of the user interface object .
9.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其中所述第一位置与用户界面对象之间的距离是所述第一位置与用户界面对象的中心之间的距离。 9. The method according to claim 2, wherein a distance between the first position and the user interface object is the distance between the center position of a first user interface object.
10.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其中确定光标位置基于以下各项: 所述第一位置,与最接近所述第一位置的用户界面对象相关联的激活敏感度数字,以及所述第一位置与最接近第一位置的用户界面对象之间的距离。 10. The method according to claim 2, wherein determining the cursor position on the following: the first position, the activation susceptibility number closest to the user interface object associated with the first position, and the second the distance between the user interface object a position closest to the first position.
11.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其中光标位置偏离所述第一位置的量由公式Aj是偏移量,是与用户界面对象i相关联的偏移分量,其中沿着所述第一位置与用户界面对象i之间的方向,Wi是与用户界面对象i相关联的激活敏感度数字, Cli是所述第一位置与用户界面i之间的距离, η是实数,以及圮是沿着方向的单位矢量。 11. The method according to claim 2, wherein said first positional deviation amount of the cursor position is offset by the equation Aj, with the user interface object is an offset component associated with the i, wherein along the first direction between the position of the user interface object i, the Wi with the user interface object i is the activation susceptibility numbers associated, Cli is the distance between the first position and the user interface i, [eta] is a real number, and is destroyed along unit vector of the direction.
12.根据权利要求11所述的方法,其中所述实数η是1。 12. The method according to claim 11, wherein said η is a real number.
13.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其中如果所述第一位置处于显示器上的所述多个用户界面对象之一内,那么光标位置是第一位置。 13. The method according to claim 2, wherein if said first position is within one of the plurality of user interface objects on a display, the cursor position is the first position.
14.根据权利要求2所述的方法,还包括:激活光标位置处的用户界面对象。 14. The method according to claim 2, further comprising: activating a user interface object at the cursor position.
15.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其中所述多个用户界面对象是在显示器上可以看到的。 15. The method according to claim 2, wherein said plurality of user interface objects is displayed on the display can be seen.
16.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其中激活敏感度数字在应用中依赖于上下文。 16. The method according to claim 2, wherein activation susceptibility numbers are context dependent in an application.
17.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其中激活敏感度数字与软键盘按键相关联,以及与软键盘按键相关联的激活敏感度数字在使用软键盘按键键入字时改变。 17. The method according to claim 2, wherein activation susceptibility numbers and activation susceptibility number associated with the soft keyboard keys, and a soft keyboard keys associated changes when using the soft keyboard keys typed word.
18. 一种用于从手指接触来确定光标位置的设备,包括: 用于检测手指与所述触摸屏显示器的接触区域的装置; 用于确定与所述接触区域的质心相对应的第一位置的装置;用于基于所述接触区域的形状来确定偏离所述第一位置的第二位置的装置;以及用于至少部分地基于下列各项来确定光标位置的装置: 所述第二位置,所述第二位置与多个用户界面对象中的一个或多个用户界面对象之间的一个或多个距离,以及一个或多个激活敏感度数字,每一个激活敏感度数字都与所述多个用户界面对象中的相应用户界面对象相关联。 18. An apparatus for determining the contact cursor position from a finger, comprising: means for detecting a finger with the touch screen display of the contact area; means for determining a first position of the centroid of the contact area of ​​the corresponding ; means for determining a second position offset from the first position based on the shape of the contact area; and means for at least partially determining the position of a cursor based on the following: the second position, the one or more of a distance between said second position and a plurality of user interface objects or a plurality of user interface objects, and all of the plurality of the one or more activation susceptibility numbers, each of the digital activation sensitivity a user interface object associated with a respective user interface object.
19. 一种用于从手指接触来确定光标位置的设备,包括: 用于检测手指与所述触摸屏显示器的接触区域的装置; 用于确定与所述接触区域相关联的第一位置的装置;以及用于至少部分地基于下列各项来确定光标位置的装置: 所述第一位置,所述第一位置与多个用户界面对象中的一个或多个用户界面对象之间的一个或多个距离,以及一个或多个激活敏感度数字,每一个激活敏感度数字都与所述多个用户界面对象中的相应用户界面对象相关联。 19. A method for contacting a finger from the cursor position determining apparatus, comprising: means for detecting a contact area of ​​a finger with the touch screen display is used; means determining a first position associated with the region for the contact; and means for at least partially determining the position of a cursor based on the following: the first position, between a first position and a plurality of user interface objects or more user interface objects or a plurality of distance, and one or more activation susceptibility numbers, each with an activation susceptibility numbers are respective user interface object in the plurality of user interface objects is associated.
20.根据权利要求19所述的设备,其中所述多个用户界面对象包括一个或多个打开图标、一个或多个关闭图标、一个或多个删除图标、一个或多个退出图标、或软键盘按键图标。 20. The apparatus according to claim 19, wherein said plurality of user interface objects include one or more open icons, one or more close icons, one or more delete icons, one or more exit icons, or soft keyboard icon.
21.根据权利要求19所述的设备,其中对于手指与显示器的固定接触,在与所述固定接触相对应的时段中,检测到的接触区域对应于手指与显示器的最大接触区域。 21. The apparatus according to claim 19, wherein the fixed contact of the finger with the display, in a period corresponding to the fixed contact, the detected contact area corresponds to the maximum contact area of ​​the finger with the display.
22.根据权利要求19所述的设备,其中所述第一位置是所述接触区域的质心。 22. The apparatus according to claim 19, wherein said first position is the centroid of the contact area.
23.根据权利要求19所述的设备,其中所述接触区域是具有长轴的椭圆形,并且所述第一位置沿着所述长轴偏离所述接触区域的质心。 23. The apparatus according to claim 19, wherein the contact area is elliptical with a major axis and the first location of the centroid of the contact area along the major axis deviation.
24.根据权利要求19所述的设备,其中如果激活敏感度数字具有第一符号,那么与所述激活敏感度数字相关联的用户界面对象易于被激活;以及如果所述激活敏感度数字具有与所述第一符号相反的第二符号,那么与所述激活敏感度数字相关联的用户界面对象难于被激活。 And if the activation susceptibility number has; 24. The apparatus according to claim 19, wherein if the activation susceptibility number has a first sign, then easily associated with the activation susceptibility number of user interface object is activated opposite the first symbol of the second symbol, and it is difficult to be activated with the activation susceptibility numbers associated user interface objects.
25.根据权利要求19所述的设备,其中所述第一位置与用户界面对象之间的距离是所述第一位置与用户界面对象上的最接近所述第一位置的点之间的距离。 25. The apparatus according to claim 19, wherein a distance between the first position and the user interface object is the distance between the closest point on the first position and the first position of the user interface object .
26.根据权利要求19所述的设备,其中所述第一位置与用户界面对象之间的距离是所述第一位置与用户界面对象的中心之间的距离。 26. The apparatus according to claim 19, wherein a distance between the first position and the user interface object is the distance between the center position of a first user interface object.
27.根据权利要求19所述的设备,其中确定光标位置基于以下各项: 所述第一位置,与最接近所述第一位置的用户界面对象相关联的激活敏感度数字,以及所述第一位置与最接近第一位置的用户界面对象之间的距离。 27. The apparatus according to claim 19, wherein determining the cursor position on the following: the first position, the activation susceptibility number closest to the user interface object associated with the first position, and the second the distance between the user interface object a position closest to the first position.
28.根据权利要求19所述的设备,其中光标位置偏离所述第一位置的量由公式 28. The amount of the apparatus according to claim 19, wherein the cursor position is offset from the first position by the formula
Figure CN101529368BC00041
给出,其中:Δ j是偏移量,是与用户界面对象i相关联的偏移分量,其中么^沿着所述第一位置与用户界面对象i之间的方向,Wi是与用户界面对象i相关联的激活敏感度数字, Cli是所述第一位置与用户界面i之间的距离, η是实数,以及巧是沿着^^方向的单位矢量。 Is given, where: Δ j is the offset, the user interface object is an offset component associated with the i, wherein it ^ a direction between the first position and the user interface object i, the Wi with the user interface i objects associated activation susceptibility numbers, Cli is the distance between the first position and the user interface i, [eta] is a real number, and is a unit vector along the coincidence ^^ direction.
29.根据权利要求28所述的设备,其中所述实数η是1。 29. The apparatus according to claim 28, wherein said η is a real number.
30.根据权利要求19所述的设备,其中如果所述第一位置处于显示器上的所述多个用户界面对象之一内,那么光标位置是第一位置。 30. The apparatus according to claim 19, wherein if said first position is within one of the plurality of user interface objects on a display, the cursor position is the first position.
31.根据权利要求19所述的设备,还包括:用于激活光标位置处的用户界面对象的装置。 31. The apparatus according to claim 19, further comprising: means for a user interface object at the cursor position for activation.
32.根据权利要求19所述的设备,其中所述多个用户界面对象是在显示器上可以看到的。 32. The apparatus according to claim 19, wherein said plurality of user interface objects is displayed on the display can be seen.
33.根据权利要求19所述的设备,其中激活敏感度数字在应用中依赖于上下文。 33. The apparatus according to claim 19, wherein the activation susceptibility numbers are context dependent in an application.
34.根据权利要求19所述的设备,其中激活敏感度数字与软键盘按键相关联,以及与软键盘按键相关联的激活敏感度数字在使用软键盘按键键入字时改变。 34. The apparatus according to claim 19, wherein the activation susceptibility numbers and activation susceptibility number associated with the soft keyboard keys, and a soft keyboard keys associated changes when using the soft keyboard keys typed word.
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US11/850,015 US7843427B2 (en) 2006-09-06 2007-09-04 Methods for determining a cursor position from a finger contact with a touch screen display
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