CN101526261B - Electric water heater - Google Patents

Electric water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101526261B
CN101526261B CN2009100429266A CN200910042926A CN101526261B CN 101526261 B CN101526261 B CN 101526261B CN 2009100429266 A CN2009100429266 A CN 2009100429266A CN 200910042926 A CN200910042926 A CN 200910042926A CN 101526261 B CN101526261 B CN 101526261B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
cavity
insulating piston
pipe
positioning tube
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009100429266A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
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CN101526261A (en
Inventor
潘彬
潘子贵
潘琪
杨钢
潘凯
Original Assignee
潘彬
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 潘彬 filed Critical 潘彬
Priority to CN2009100429266A priority Critical patent/CN101526261B/en
Publication of CN101526261A publication Critical patent/CN101526261A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101526261B publication Critical patent/CN101526261B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an electric water heater comprising a water barrel, a heating tube and a water inlet tube. The inner cavity of the water barrel is divided into a cold water cavity and a hot water cavity by an insulating piston; the insulating piston is provided with a cold water inlet hole in the center and balance holes by the side, wherein the cold water inlet hole is controlled by a central valve to open and close, and the balance holes are controlled by corresponding balance valves to open and close; the heating tube is arranged in the hot water cavity of the water barrel, and the periphery of the heating tube is provided with a telescopic cylinder arranged on the insulating piston; and both the upper end part and the lower end part of the inner cavity of the telescopic cylinder are communicated with the hot water cavity. After being preheated and then deenergized, the electric water heater can keep the temperature of hot water constant and uniform; in addition, when in use, the electric water heater can avoid water scale generation; the electric water heater has the functions of an instant heating type and a heat preservation type and is provided with a water quantity indicating piece capable of indicating left hot water quantity.

Description

Electric heater

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of electric heater.

Background technology

Now increasing people selects to use electric heater, and is because electric heater is easy for installation, easy to use.Electric heater is divided into two kinds of Instant heating type and heat storage types.The instant electric water heater costs an arm and a leg, and uses power big, and general dwelling house electric wire band does not rise.Heat storing type electric water heater price is lower, power is also low, must need the heating long period before using, just can reach higher temperature (being generally about 70 ℃), then by reaching suitable bath temperature with cold water mix, the greatest drawback of this water heater is to be easy to generate incrustation scale, makes energy consumption increase and make the lost of life of water heater.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of difficult generation incrustation scale and energy savings, electric heater safe in utilization.

This electric heater provided by the invention comprises water butt, heat-generating pipe, water inlet pipe, it is characterized in that an insulating piston is arranged in the described water butt, cold water cavity and hot-water cavity that this insulating piston is separated into the inner chamber of water butt, the central area of described insulating piston has a cold water hand-hole, there is balance pipe on the next door, wherein the cold water hand-hole is controlled it by a central valve and is closed and open, and balance pipe is controlled it by corresponding balance valve and closed and open; Described heat-generating pipe is arranged in the hot-water cavity of water butt, is with a retracting cylinder at heat-generating pipe outer and is located on the insulating piston, and the upper end of this retracting cylinder inner chamber all is communicated with hot-water cavity with the bottom.

For the position of regulating insulating piston changes the volume of hot-water cavity, the present invention has the safety that can act on central valve spacing on the top of retracting cylinder inner chamber; A positioning tube that is used for the insulating piston location is arranged in the described water inlet pipe, there is one can drive the regulating part that described positioning tube carries out position adjustments on the water inlet pipe, the upper end of described positioning tube puts in water butt and is positioned at the below of central valve, and the cylinder of positioning tube upper end is furnished with some cold water apopores.

In order to prevent the generation of incrustation scale, described retracting cylinder inner chamber is equipped with stirring vane.

The present invention is owing to be divided into hot-water cavity and cold water cavity with water butt, and in the outer setting of heat-generating pipe retracting cylinder, the retracting cylinder inner chamber is equipped with stirring vane, when heating is used in the retracting cylinder chamber and the water between outside the chamber can constantly circulate and heat exchange takes place rapidly, make even water temperature, and after the preheating outage, can provide constant-temperature hot water, the phenomenon of having avoided incrusted deposit to waste energy, and more secure when used.During the extreme higher position, this electric heater can be realized the purpose of instant hot water again in insulating piston is in water butt.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the present invention at the water inlet pipe place.

Fig. 3 is the cutaway view of Fig. 2 along the B-B line.

Fig. 4 is the cutaway view of Fig. 2 along the A-A line.

The specific embodiment

As can be seen from Figure 1, the present invention includes water butt 1, heat-generating pipe 2, water inlet pipe 3, an insulating piston 5 is wherein arranged in the water butt 1, the inner chamber of water butt 1 is divided into hot-water cavity 11 and cold water cavity 12, the balance pipe 71 that a cold water hand-hole 61 and two symmetrical distributions are arranged on the insulating piston 5, the central authorities of insulating piston 5 are one recessed 52, cold water hand-hole 61 is positioned at the central authorities of these recessed 52 bottoms by central valve 6 controls, bottom recessed 52 is provided with a boss 51 in the periphery of cold water hand-hole 61, this boss radially is provided with some inlet openings 53.It closes and opens described balance pipe 71 by corresponding balance valve 7 controls, and the pressure differential of cold and hot water cavity is regulated by balance pipe 71 and balance valve 7.Heat-generating pipe 2 is equipped with in the centre of hot-water cavity 11, and at the outer retracting cylinder 4 that is with of heat-generating pipe 2, there is a stirring vane 41 by driven by motor the below of heat-generating pipe 2, and there is the safety spacing 8 that can act on central valve 6 the driving shaft lower end of stirring vane 41.When heat-generating pipe 2 heating, stirring vane 41 rotations will make heating more even in the cold water suction retracting cylinder 4 in the hot-water cavity 11, and the surface of heat-generating pipe 2 produces incrustation scale in the time of can preventing to heat simultaneously because temperature is too high.

Retracting cylinder 4 has 4 joints (quantification according to circumstances), go up most the top that a joint 42 is fixed on water butt 1, and this joint retracting cylinder upper end has apopore 44, next joint 43 is arranged on recessed 52 the boss 51 of insulating piston 5, makes the water of heating in the retracting cylinder 4 can be by the water generation heat exchange of inlet opening on apopore 44 and the boss 51 53 and hot-water cavity 11.

There is a positioning tube 31 that is used for insulating piston 5 location the below of central authorities' valve 6, and the upper end of positioning tube 31 is stretched in the cold water cavity 12, and the lower end is positioned at water inlet pipe 3, and several cold water apopores 33 are arranged on the cylinder of positioning tube 31 upper ends.Water flows into positioning tube 31 from water inlet pipe 3, enters cold water cavity 12 by cold water apopore 33.

From Fig. 2-Fig. 4 as can be seen, water inlet pipe 3 upper ends are one section pipelines 37 with upper and lower spacing (35,36).There is a regulating block 32 lower limit 36 tops of pipeline 37 outsides, and inside is equipped with location internal magnet 38 accordingly, and location internal magnet 38 is positioned at the below of positioning tube 31, are used for regulating the position of positioning tube 31.Regulating block 32 and location internal magnet 38 attract each other by magnetic force, can rest on the optional position on the pipeline 37, thereby can change the position of positioning tube 31, change the volume of hot-water cavity 11.Water yield indication piece 9 is positioned at the top of regulating block 32, and to certain distance be arranged with regulating block 32, avoid being subjected to locating the influence of internal magnet 38 magnetic force, positioning tube 31 lower ends are embedded with the indication piece magnet 94 that can act on water yield indication piece 9, by the water yield in the demonstration of the water capacity mark line on the pipeline 37 hot-water cavity 11.Water yield indication piece 9 is divided into two semi-round ring shapes, is linked together by spring 91, adjusting outer shroud 92 and joint pin 93, and the diameter that outer shroud 92 can be adjusted water yield indication piece 9 is regulated in rotation.

The present invention was put into regulating part 34 top of lower limit 36 earlier before installing not use, the part that positioning tube 31 is stretched in the cold water cavity 12 is minimum.Before first time water storage, open outlet pipe simultaneously the air in the water butt 1 is discharged, begin water outlet until outlet pipe, storage tank 1 is full of till the water, closes outlet pipe.In the water storage process, positioning tube 31 moves up under the pressure of water impact for the first time, and central valve 6 is inconjunction with insulating piston 5 and and then moves up under the jacking of positioning tube 31, and water enters cold water cavity 12 from the cold water apopore 33 of positioning tube 31 upper ends.Wherein central valve 6 is close together with positioning tube 31 and moves up, the cold water hand-hole 61 of insulating piston 5 central authorities is in closed condition all the time, when cold water cavity has air, balance pipe 71 is in opening, when cold water cavity was filled with water, balance valve 7 was closed balance pipe 71 under self buoyancy function.To touch safety in the retracting cylinder 4 spacing 8 the time when central valve 6 rises, central authorities' valve 6 no longer moves up, the below that positioning tube 31 withstands on central valve 6 is also moved on no longer, and insulating piston 5 and balance valve 7 continue to move up, cold water hand-hole 61 unlatchings this moment, when insulating piston 5 reached the extreme higher position and promptly touches the top of hot-water cavity 11, water entered in hot-water cavity 11 and the retracting cylinder 4, and whole water butt 1 is full of water.More thorough for guaranteeing emptying gas, effluent pipe mouth should be higher than the last plane of water butt 1.

Electric heater of the present invention is higher and under the less demanding situation of hot water temperature in environment temperature, can use Instant heating type.Regulating part 34 is arranged on the upper limit 35 of pipeline 37, and this moment, the upper end of central valve 6 did not contact with safe spacing 8, also have certain free clearance, and insulating piston 5 did not also arrive the top of hot-water cavity 11.After starting electric heater, the water impact pressure of water inlet can be in a short period of time the top of insulating piston 5 pushing tows to hot-water cavity 11, and central valve 6 is by spacing 8 restrictions of safety, and cold water hand-hole 61 is opened.Cold water is directly entered in the retracting cylinder 4 by cold water hand-hole 61, and the heat-generating pipe 2 of flowing through is by after the Fast Heating, by the outlet pipe outflow of heat-generating pipe 2 tops.

Electric heater of the present invention, drives positioning tube 31 and moves by slowly moving forward into the regulating part 34 on the water pipe 3 as before the heat storage type heating, insulating piston 5 is moved rest on the default position, wants the water yield that heats thereby regulated, and reaches energy-conservation effect.

When regulating part 34 moved down, positioning tube 31 was to the whereabouts, because the density of central valve 6 is bigger than the comprehensive density of insulating piston 5, central authorities' valve 6 falls prior to insulating piston 5, cold water hand-hole 61 is opened, and makes the water of cold and hot water cavity logical, and water enters hot-water cavity 11 by cold water hand-hole 61.This moment, balance valve 7 was because insulating piston 5 is close in the buoyancy of self all the time, balance pipe 71 is closed, the comprehensive density of insulating piston 5 is bigger than water, insulating piston 5 under the gravity effect of self when moving down into predeterminated position, positioning tube 31 withstands central valve 6 closes cold water hand-hole 61, and cold and hot water cavity is isolated.

When regulating part 34 moves up, to hold positioning tube 31 and move up, central valve 6 and insulating piston 5 move up thereupon, under the effect of the differential water pressures of insulating piston about in the of 5, the speed of moving on the balance valve 7 relative insulating piston 5 is slow, and balance pipe 71 is opened, and water enters cold water cavity 12 by hot-water cavity 11.When insulating piston 5 reached predeterminated position, central valve 6 and insulating piston 5 were moved on no longer, and balance valve 7 moves on self buoyancy lower edge guide pipe 72, and balance pipe 71 is closed, and cold and hot water cavity is isolated.

This electric heater of the present invention can keep the waste heat water yield, instructs the user to determine the needed preheating water yield of next kindred circumstances, more helps energy-conservation.During normal the use, under the impact of current, positioning tube 31 and indication piece magnet 94 move up, and drive water yield indication piece 9 and move up, and show the waste heat water yield.The outer shroud 92 of adjusting is arranged on the water yield indication piece 9, and it can adjust the size of the magnetic attracting power between indication piece magnet 94 and the water yield indication piece 9.When the suction-combining force is maximum, indication piece magnet 94 and water yield indication piece 9 one the same moving, when normally finishing using, the suction-combining force can be held positioning tube 31 and not fall, and insulating piston 5 is not fallen, and realizes that water heater keeps the function of the waste heat water yield.Regulate outer shroud 92 and be transferred to the suction-combining force hour, indication piece magnet 94 and water yield indication piece 9 still can the same moving, after water heater is normally finished using, suction between them can not be held positioning tube 31, water yield indication piece 9 and positioning tube 31, insulating piston 5 are displaced downwardly to original position or new predeterminated position, do not keep remaining water.

Claims (5)

1. electric heater, comprise water butt (1), heat-generating pipe (2), water inlet pipe (3), it is characterized in that an insulating piston (5) is arranged in the described water butt (1), cold water cavity (12) and hot-water cavity (11) that this insulating piston (5) is separated into the inner chamber of water butt (1), the central area of described insulating piston (5) has a cold water hand-hole (61), next door that balance pipe (71) is arranged, wherein cold water hand-hole (61) is controlled it by a central valve (6) and is closed and open, and balance pipe (71) is controlled it by corresponding balance valve (7) and closed and open; Described heat-generating pipe (2) is arranged in the hot-water cavity (11) of water butt (1), is with the top that a retracting cylinder (4) is fixed on water butt (1) at heat-generating pipe (2) outer, and the upper end of this retracting cylinder (4) inner chamber all is communicated with hot-water cavity (11) with the bottom.
2. electric heater according to claim 1 is characterized in that the safety spacing (8) that can act on central valve (6) is arranged at the top of retracting cylinder (4) inner chamber; A positioning tube (31) that is used for insulating piston (5) location is arranged in the described water inlet pipe (3), there is one can drive the regulating part (34) that described positioning tube (31) carries out position adjustments on the water inlet pipe (3), this regulating part is made up of water inlet pipe (3) outer regulating block (32) and the interior location internal magnet (38) of water inlet pipe (3), the upper end of described positioning tube (31) puts in water butt (1) and is positioned at side under the described central valve (6), and the cylinder of positioning tube (31) upper end is furnished with some cold water apopores (33).
3. electric heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that on water inlet pipe (3), being provided with water yield indication piece (9), this indication piece comprises adjusting outer shroud (92) and the interior indication piece magnet (94) of water inlet pipe that water inlet pipe is outer, and this indication piece magnet (94) is fixed on the bottom of positioning tube (31).
4. according to claim 2 or 3 described electric heaters, it is characterized in that described retracting cylinder (4) inner chamber is equipped with stirring vane (41).
5. electric heater according to claim 4 is characterized in that the position that insulating piston (5) goes up corresponding to retracting cylinder (4) is one recessed (52), and this recessed bottom is provided with a boss (51), and this boss radially is provided with some inlet openings (53).
CN2009100429266A 2009-03-20 2009-03-20 Electric water heater CN101526261B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100429266A CN101526261B (en) 2009-03-20 2009-03-20 Electric water heater

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100429266A CN101526261B (en) 2009-03-20 2009-03-20 Electric water heater

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101526261A CN101526261A (en) 2009-09-09
CN101526261B true CN101526261B (en) 2011-07-27

Family

ID=41094270

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009100429266A CN101526261B (en) 2009-03-20 2009-03-20 Electric water heater

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN101526261B (en)

Families Citing this family (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH703969A1 (en) * 2010-11-26 2012-05-31 Gotec Sa volumetric liquid pump comprising a cartridge heater.
CN102423242B (en) * 2011-03-09 2013-09-25 廖志文 Heating device with adjustable water amount
CN102230673B (en) * 2011-07-01 2013-02-13 曾德红 Horizontal energy-saving electric water heater
CN102242965A (en) * 2011-07-01 2011-11-16 曾德红 Vertical type energy-saving electric water heater
CN102235741A (en) * 2011-07-22 2011-11-09 方春风 Instant heating type constant-temperature online heater
CN102261747B (en) * 2011-08-09 2013-10-02 曾德红 Electric control energy-saving water heater
CN102538180A (en) * 2012-03-19 2012-07-04 王传琨 Device for discharging and heating liquid
CN103040365A (en) * 2012-12-29 2013-04-17 李晗 Liner of water dispenser
CN103983010B (en) * 2014-06-09 2016-09-28 俞良 A kind of band piston and the water heater structure of water pump
CN105698377B (en) * 2016-03-21 2018-11-16 张立升 A kind of type quick electric water heater containing disturbing flow device
CN106766104B (en) * 2016-12-07 2019-04-02 朱锦龙 Reheating safe electric water heater
WO2019097393A1 (en) * 2017-11-15 2019-05-23 孙祈康 Water heater
CN110513866B (en) * 2019-09-09 2020-11-10 山东龙普太阳能股份有限公司 Energy-saving quick-heating water heater

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Granted publication date: 20110727

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