CN101519844B - Heat pump clothes-drying dehumidifying integrated machine - Google Patents

Heat pump clothes-drying dehumidifying integrated machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101519844B
CN101519844B CN2009100380870A CN200910038087A CN101519844B CN 101519844 B CN101519844 B CN 101519844B CN 2009100380870 A CN2009100380870 A CN 2009100380870A CN 200910038087 A CN200910038087 A CN 200910038087A CN 101519844 B CN101519844 B CN 101519844B
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China
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air
drying
wardrobe
heat pump
dehumidifying
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CN2009100380870A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101519844A (en
Inventor
梁仁建
林浩
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梁仁建
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Publication of CN101519844A publication Critical patent/CN101519844A/en
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Publication of CN101519844B publication Critical patent/CN101519844B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a heat pump clothes-drying dehumidifying integrated machine, which is highly efficient, energy-saving and environment-friendly. The machine comprises a wardrobe, a heat pump system, a fan and a control system, wherein the control system is connected with the heat pump system and the fan respectively; the machine also comprises a clothes-drying air channel and a dehumidifying air channel; one end of the clothes-drying air channel is connected with the upper end part of the wardrobe, while the other end is connected with the lower end part of the wardrobe; the dehumidifying air channel is arranged on the lower end part of the wardrobe, and intersects with the clothes-drying air channel; and the heat pump system is arranged at the intersection of the clothes-drying air channel and the dehumidifying air channel. The machine realizes the function of multi-functions by one machine, and can dry clothes as well as dehumidify a room in wet seasons; moreover, the machinecan also be used as a wardrobe while in not use; and the wet air generated when drying clothes is not directly exhausted, but circulates in the system, thereby improving the working efficiency and sa ving energy.

Description

Heat pump clothes-drying dehumidifying integrated machine

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of clothes-drying dehumidifying machine, particularly a kind of heat pump clothes-drying dehumidifying integrated machine.

Background technology

At plum rain season, although temperature is not too low, because air humidity is big, often week more than one all can't airing for the clothing of changing clothes, and this not only causes inconvenience in life, and clothing is in the process of airing, can be mouldy, produce peculiar smell.In addition, in the room of plum rain season, indoor quilt and clothing also can be mouldy because of the high humidity of air, peculiar smell occurs, even go rotten.

At present, about the electric equipment of drying and dehumidifying, its function is all separated on the market; Dryer also only has only electric clothes dryer.The electric clothes dryer tool is easy to operate, volume ratio is less, drying speed than very fast etc. a bit.But the shortcoming of electric clothes dryer also is clearly: the one, and energy consumption is big, because after the heat that electric energy produces air heat, dries up clothing, just directly drain, a large amount of heats in the hot-air are not utilized once more; The 2nd, the hot humid air that electric clothes dryer produces directly comes indoor, causes indoor humidity to increase; The 3rd, electric clothes dryer be by electric heater the temperature of air raise reduce its relative humidity (for example the temperature of air is 25 ℃, relative humidity is 80%, when being heated to 60 ℃, the relative humidity of air drops to 13%), the air themperature that is heated is higher, generally reach more than 50 degree, so high temperature will be damaged some clothings, even may make some chemical fibre clothes produce peculiar smell; The 4th, the security performance that employing high temperature carries out drying is not high, and the possibility of catching fire is arranged; The 5th, function singleness is used as just drying.Because above-mentioned many unfavorable factors, electric clothes dryer can't be in large-scale popularization on the market.And existing cooled dehumidifier unit and be not suitable for using in residential building or hotel only is to use at some special occasions, as laboratory, precision instrument and equipment chamber etc.

Summary of the invention

The shortcoming that the objective of the invention is to overcome prior art provides a kind of heat pump clothes-drying dehumidifying integrated machine with not enough.

Purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: heat pump clothes-drying dehumidifying integrated machine, comprise wardrobe, heat pump, blower fan, control system, and described control system is connected with heat pump, blower fan respectively; Also comprise drying gas channel and dehumidifying gas channel; One end of described drying gas channel is connected with the upper end of wardrobe, and the other end is connected with the bottom of wardrobe; Described dehumidifying gas channel is arranged on the bottom of wardrobe, and intersects with the drying gas channel; Described heat pump is arranged on the intersection of drying gas channel and dehumidifying gas channel.

Described drying gas channel comprises humid air air outlet, air-return duct, return air door, drying air air outlet, drying air dampers; Air-return duct is arranged on the side of wardrobe; The humid air air outlet is arranged on the upper end of wardrobe, and with the internal communication of the inlet and the wardrobe of air-return duct; The return air door is positioned at the bottom of wardrobe, and is positioned at the exit of air-return duct; Drying air air outlet, drying air dampers are positioned at the bottom of wardrobe, the internal communication of drying air air outlet and wardrobe; Heat pump is connected with return air door and drying air dampers respectively.

Described dehumidifying gas channel comprises dehumidifying shutter, the air door that dehumidifies out, drying air dampers; Dehumidifying shutter, the air door that dehumidifies out are separately positioned on the both sides of wardrobe bottom; The drying air dampers is positioned at the bottom of wardrobe; Heat pump is connected with dehumidifying shutter and drying air dampers respectively.

Described heat pump comprises compressor, condenser, device for drying and filtering, heating power expansion valve, the evaporimeter that connects in turn, and water dish is being placed in the below of evaporimeter; Wherein compressor is connected with control system.

The present invention has following advantage and effect with respect to prior art:

1, function is many: the present invention can a tractor serves several purposes, both can drying, can carry out removal moisture drying to the room at wet season again, and can also be used as Wardrobe when not working.

2, energy-conservation: heat pump itself is exactly an energy saver, and the electric energy of 1kw can produce the heat of 4kw, but also recycle the exhaust that produces during drying, unlike electric clothes dryer, during drying the hot-air behind the drying clothes is directly drained.

3, efficient, environmental protection: the present invention is the system of a structure sealing, and the humid air that produces during drying is not directly drained, but circulates in system, so efficient is higher than existing drying/dehumidifier; Wet wash can be dried to soft drying thing about 120 minutes; And about 15 square metres of area, relative humidity are 92% room, adopt the present invention to dehumidify 60 minutes after, relative humidity reduces to 82%, dehumidifies after 120 minutes, relative humidity reduces to 69%.Simultaneously, the peculiar smell that drying produces can inlet chamber yet in, room air is caused harmful effect.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of heat pump;

Fig. 3 is the control system schematic diagram;

Fig. 4 is drying process humiture and time changing curve figure.

The specific embodiment

The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto.

Embodiment

Structure of the present invention mainly comprises vertical wardrobe 1, humid air air outlet 2, air-return duct 3, return air door 4, dehumidifying shutter 51, the air door 52 that dehumidifies out, heat pump, circulating fan 7, drying air air outlet 9, drying air dampers 10, control system etc. as shown in Figure 1.Humid air air outlet 2, air-return duct 3, return air door 4, drying air air outlet 9, drying air dampers 10 are formed the drying gas channel, and dehumidifying shutter 51, the air door 52 that dehumidifies out, drying air dampers 10 are formed the dehumidifying gas channels, and the drying gas channel is crossing with the dehumidifying gas channel, and the intersection is provided with heat pump.The heat pump structure comprises the compressor 81, condenser 82, device for drying and filtering 83, heating power expansion valve 84, the evaporimeter 85 that connect in turn as shown in Figure 2, and water dish 86 is being placed in the below of evaporimeter 85, and the water of water dish can be stored in the water storage tank.Control system is connected with compressor 81, the circulating fan 7 of heat pump respectively.

Wardrobe 1 is divided into two-layer up and down, and the upper strata is used for suspended garment and arranges humid air air outlet 2, air-return duct 3, return air door 4.Air-return duct 3 is arranged on the side of wardrobe 1, and air outlet 2 is arranged on the upper end of wardrobe 1, and with the internal communication of the inlet and the wardrobe of air-return duct 3; 4 bottoms that are positioned at wardrobe 1 of return air door, and be positioned at the exit of air-return duct 3; Heat pump is connected with return air door 4 and drying air dampers 10 respectively; Drying air air outlet 9, drying air dampers 10 are positioned at the bottom of wardrobe 1, the internal communication of drying air air outlet 9 and wardrobe.The lower floor of wardrobe 1 is used to install heat pump, blower fan 7, dehumidifying shutter 51, air door 52 and control system dehumidify out.Described shutter 51 and go out the both sides that air door 52 is separately positioned on the wardrobe bottom is the exhaust outlets that advance when room air is dehumidified.

During heat pump work, compressor 81 is collapsed into high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant gas with the refrigerant gas (being usually said R22) of low-temp low-pressure, high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant gas enters condenser 82 and is condensed into high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant liquid, then after drying filter 83 dryings and the filtration, enter heating power expansion valve 84 throttling step-downs again, according to saturation pressure and saturation temperature principle one to one, pressure descends, its evaporating temperature also descends, the refrigerant liquid of low-temp low-pressure absorbs heat in evaporimeter 85 and becomes the refrigerant gas of low-temp low-pressure, return refrigeration compressor 81 and finish a circulation, heat pump comes to this, and constantly circulation finishes the work.

The structure of control system of the present invention is connected with power supply by master switch 21 during work as shown in Figure 3, and master switch 21 is connected with fuse 22, power supply indicator 23; And be provided with two kinds of mode of operations: the one, drying mode of operation, the 2nd, dehumidifying mode of operation.Its drying operation principle is: open drying switch 15, and heat pump compressor 81 and circulating fan 7 work, simultaneously, drying damper motor 16 is opened, and dehumidifying wind door motor 18 is closed, and system enters the drying mode of operation; Humidity sensor 25 is installed in the drying return air inlet, and is connected with transformer 24, and after humidity reached 35%, heat pump was closed automatically, finished drying work.The dehumidifying operation principle is: open dehumidifying switch 17, and heat pump compressor 81 and circulating fan 7 work, simultaneously, drying damper motor 16 is closed, and dehumidifying wind door motor 18 is opened, and system enters the dehumidifying mode of operation; Humidity sensor 25 is installed in the dehumidifying air inlet, and after humidity reached setting humidity, heat pump was closed automatically, finishes dehumidifying work.In addition, when from the water of water dish 86 with after the filling with of water storage tank, system closes automatically, the full indicator lamp 20 of water is bright.

When the present invention carried out drying work, dehumidifying shutter 51 was closed; Drying air dampers 10 is opened downwards, thus the air outlet 52 that will dehumidify close, open drying air air outlet 9 simultaneously; The inside of wardrobe 1 with the drying gas channel of being made up of air outlet 2, air-return duct 3, return air door 4, drying air air outlet 9 and drying air dampers 10, forms the drying circulatory system of a sealing.Under the effect of blower fan 7 and heat pump, the drying air-flow in the drying circulatory system checker between dry air and humid air, be specially: blower fan 7 reaches the evaporimeter 85 that humid air about 90% is delivered to heat pump to the humidity that has absorbed steam, behind cooling dehumidification, enter condenser 82, utilize the heat of condenser 82 to add hot-air, thereby the relative humidity of air is dropped to below 40%, temperature is elevated to more than 40 ℃, becomes dry air; Then, dry air is blown into the inside on wardrobe 1 upper strata through air outlet 9, and drying wet laundry becomes humid air again; At last, humid air enters air-return duct 3 from the air outlet 2 of wardrobe 1 upper end, finishes a drying circulation.

Fig. 4 is drying process humiture and time changing curve figure: abscissa is the drying time, and ordinate is the temperature and humidity of circulated air in the wardrobe 1.As seen from Figure 4, when just beginning, the temperature and humidity of drying circulated air almost has no change, 36 ℃ of temperature, and relative humidity 93%, the moisture in this explanation clothing is in even evaporation.When time to 110 minute, because clothing is near the state of bone dry, the relative humidity suppression ratio of drying circulated air is very fast; Because the sensible heat of air is converted into the heat of latent heat reduces gradually, the temperature of drying circulated air rises also very fast again.When the drying time reached 120 minutes, relative humidity was stabilized in 36%, and temperature stabilization is at 48 ℃, and this is that the sensible heat of air no longer has been converted into latent heat because clothing is in the state of bone dry.In addition, because the very fast and more uniform cause of rate of drying ratio, clothing is than the softness of nature airing.

When needs utilize the present invention that the room is dehumidified, at first close return air door 4, and drying air dampers 10 is upwards closed, thereby close drying air air outlet 9, open the air door 52 that dehumidifies out simultaneously; Air in the room enters the dehumidifying gas channel of being made up of dehumidifying shutter 51, the air door 52 that dehumidifies out, drying air dampers 10.In the dehumidifying gas channel, humid air in the room is under the effect of blower fan 7 and heat pump, change dry air into, reenter in the room again, be specially: the room humid air sucks from dehumidifying shutter 51, dries through the evaporimeter 85 of heat pump, again after condenser 82 heats up, become dry air, and discharge from the air door 52 that dehumidifies out, air humidity descends in the room.

The foregoing description is a preferred implementation of the present invention; but embodiments of the present invention are not restricted to the described embodiments; other any do not deviate from change, the modification done under spiritual essence of the present invention and the principle, substitutes, combination, simplify; all should be the substitute mode of equivalence, be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. heat pump clothes-drying dehumidifying integrated machine comprises wardrobe, heat pump, blower fan, control system, and described control system is connected with heat pump, blower fan respectively; Also comprise drying gas channel and dehumidifying gas channel; One end of described drying gas channel is connected with the upper end of wardrobe, and the other end is connected with the bottom of wardrobe; Described dehumidifying gas channel is arranged on the bottom of wardrobe, and intersects with the drying gas channel; Described heat pump is arranged on the intersection of drying gas channel and dehumidifying gas channel; It is characterized in that:
Described drying gas channel comprises humid air air outlet, air-return duct, return air door, drying air air outlet, drying air dampers; Air-return duct is arranged on the side of wardrobe; The humid air air outlet is arranged on the upper end of wardrobe, and with the internal communication of the inlet and the wardrobe of air-return duct; The return air door is positioned at the bottom of wardrobe, and is positioned at the exit of air-return duct; Drying air air outlet, drying air dampers are positioned at the bottom of wardrobe, the internal communication of drying air air outlet and wardrobe; Heat pump is connected with return air door and drying air dampers respectively.
2. heat pump clothes-drying dehumidifying integrated machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described dehumidifying gas channel comprises dehumidifying shutter, the air door that dehumidifies out, drying air dampers; Dehumidifying shutter, the air door that dehumidifies out are separately positioned on the both sides of wardrobe bottom; The drying air dampers is positioned at the bottom of wardrobe; Heat pump is connected with dehumidifying shutter and drying air dampers respectively.
3. heat pump clothes-drying dehumidifying integrated machine according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described heat pump comprises compressor, condenser, device for drying and filtering, heating power expansion valve, the evaporimeter that connects in turn, and water dish is being placed in the below of evaporimeter; Wherein compressor is connected with control system.
CN2009100380870A 2009-03-20 2009-03-20 Heat pump clothes-drying dehumidifying integrated machine CN101519844B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100380870A CN101519844B (en) 2009-03-20 2009-03-20 Heat pump clothes-drying dehumidifying integrated machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100380870A CN101519844B (en) 2009-03-20 2009-03-20 Heat pump clothes-drying dehumidifying integrated machine

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CN101519844B true CN101519844B (en) 2011-06-29

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Families Citing this family (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102286872B (en) * 2011-07-12 2016-11-16 青岛海尔滚筒洗衣机有限公司 A kind of band heat pump drying and the clothes washer-dryer of dehumidification function
CN102704250B (en) * 2012-06-15 2014-06-11 上海伯涵热能科技有限公司 Double-circulation-air-system heat pump type clothes drying cabinet
CN102733160A (en) * 2012-07-13 2012-10-17 吕行 Condensation type clothes dryer and control method thereof
CN103239028A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-08-14 湖南理工学院 Dehumidifying wardrobe
CN104532522A (en) * 2014-08-22 2015-04-22 上海伯涵热能科技有限公司 Air open circle heat pump type drying wardrobe
CN104807106B (en) * 2015-04-25 2017-04-26 林智勇 Intelligent air energy dehumidifier
CN104805661B (en) * 2015-04-25 2017-06-06 泉州奔众空气过滤网有限公司 Intelligent air can dehumidify clothes-drying device
CN105463807B (en) * 2015-12-25 2018-10-19 无锡小天鹅股份有限公司 Dryer
CN105919253A (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-09-07 天津大学 Movable portable heat-pump luggage box and use method thereof
CN106400426A (en) * 2016-06-17 2017-02-15 刘共青 Heat pump clothes dryer and working method
CN105937164B (en) * 2016-06-29 2019-09-17 无锡小天鹅电器有限公司 Heat pump clothes dryer or heat pump washing-drying integral machine and its damper assemblies
CN106642807B (en) * 2016-12-08 2019-11-22 天津商业大学 A kind of air source heat pump system of enclosed drying heating associative form
CN108444276A (en) * 2018-03-07 2018-08-24 龚政浩 Air compression throttling drying machine
CN111254642A (en) * 2018-11-30 2020-06-09 青岛海尔洗衣机有限公司 Control method for clothes care equipment and clothes care equipment

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2195562Y (en) * 1994-07-14 1995-04-26 吴之春 Laundry drying/dehumidifying machine
CN2232928Y (en) * 1995-06-27 1996-08-14 冼焯坚 Hot air circulating quick clothes dryer

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2195562Y (en) * 1994-07-14 1995-04-26 吴之春 Laundry drying/dehumidifying machine
CN2232928Y (en) * 1995-06-27 1996-08-14 冼焯坚 Hot air circulating quick clothes dryer

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