CN101517174B - Water collection system - Google Patents

Water collection system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101517174B
CN101517174B CN2007800309070A CN200780030907A CN101517174B CN 101517174 B CN101517174 B CN 101517174B CN 2007800309070 A CN2007800309070 A CN 2007800309070A CN 200780030907 A CN200780030907 A CN 200780030907A CN 101517174 B CN101517174 B CN 101517174B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
tank
valve
conservancy diversion
collecting
Prior art date
Application number
CN2007800309070A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101517174A (en
Inventor
马克·布伦丹·弗拉纳根
Original Assignee
雷恩马克思有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to AU2006904627A priority Critical patent/AU2006904627A0/en
Priority to AU2006904627 priority
Application filed by 雷恩马克思有限公司 filed Critical 雷恩马克思有限公司
Priority to PCT/AU2007/001235 priority patent/WO2008022411A1/en
Publication of CN101517174A publication Critical patent/CN101517174A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101517174B publication Critical patent/CN101517174B/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/064Gutters
    • E04D13/0645Connections between gutter and down pipe
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/08Down pipes; Special clamping means therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/08Down pipes; Special clamping means therefor
    • E04D2013/0853Valves for controlling the rain water flow
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The present invention relates to a water collection system, which blocks down-pipes to collect water from a roof. A down-pipe (27) is located adjacent a rain water diversion unit (31). The unit comprises a box (36) with the down-pipe (27) fitted to an opening (37) in bottom (38) of the box (36). The gutter (14) has two side-by-side openings (39 and 40), the opening (40) has an overflow in the form of upstanding wall (41) while the opening (39) has a valve plate (42) hinged to the front edge at (43). A pneumatic actuator (44) is used to move the valve plate (42) to the closed position. When the valve is closed, the opening (40) and the upstanding wall (41) serve as an overflow back to the stormwater via the box (36). The tank pipe (17) also has an opening (45) with an upstanding wall (46) which has its upper edge (47) set lower than the upper edge (48) of the wall (41) of the overflow. All down-pipes are fitted with diversion units. A controller includes a rain sensor to detect a rain event whereupon a time delay is imposed for first flush to flush the roof before the valves close the down-pipes. When the tank is full a float is used to operate the controller to open the valves if they are closed or prevent them closing in the case of a new rain event and the tank being already full.

Description

Collecting system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of collecting system (water collection system), special but be not limited to be used for collecting the collecting system of rainwater from the roof in dwelling house or house.
Background technology
At present, rainwater is collected from the part on roof only usually, and the rainwater of this collection is transported into the rainwater storage tank then.This rainwater water receiver only links to each other with one or two bypass pipe usually, thereby only can catch the rainwater that a part drops on whole roofing.This only just means can obtain a part of rainwater.
One object of the present invention is to utilize more roofing to reclaim the amount of precipitation of more ratios, and no matter this amount of precipitation drops on any special roof.The present invention can adapt to the novel house structure or only adopt small change to improve the existing house of adaptation.
Therefore, one object of the present invention be with preferred form use existing eaves tank (roof guttering) thereby and the control rainwater that can drop usually water is flow in the container.
The purpose of another preferred form of the present invention is to provide rainwater water conservancy diversion composite member (rainwater diversion unit), and this rainwater water conservancy diversion composite member can easily adapt to have housing.
The purpose of another preferred form of the present invention is to provide variable at first flushing of a kind of duration (first flush) to optimize water quality.
Summary of the invention
From broad aspect, the present invention relates to a kind of water collection system, wherein rainwater drops on the surface of catchmenting, water flows to flow device separately from the surface of catchmenting then, flow to then in separately dewatering installation, the guiding device, thereby wherein guiding device from open position to fastening position be the transformable current of having avoided through dewatering installation, thereby water preferentially is transferred in the rainwater storage tank.Preferably, use a kind of spilling water (overflow) system, thereby excessive water can be walked around guiding device and flow to dewatering installation.Guiding device can be arranged in dewatering installation or at its upstream.Overflow system can be arranged in other place of adjoining dewatering installation place or system.Preferably, behind the predetermined time delay that begins from rainwater, begin to take place water conservancy diversion.
Here, " predetermined time delay that begins from rainwater " means that a specific time lag adds delay intrinsic the system, just using sensor to determine time lag after rainwater begins.
Another aspect of the present invention relates to a kind of collecting system, wherein rainwater drops on the surface of catchmenting, water flows to flow device separately from the surface of catchmenting then, flow to dewatering installation separately then, dewatering installation to small part comprises guiding device, this guiding device is used for optionally stoping current to flow out from dewatering installation, thereby unless to make current flow in the storage container this container full.Typically, this system may reach peak discharge when rainy, in this case, guiding device will stop to stop the current that flow to dewatering installation, perhaps this system just reaches peak discharge when it rained just now, and in this case, guiding device will can not move and stop current.
Preferably, this system adopts overflow system, and therefore excessive water can be walked around guiding device and flow to dewatering installation.Usually, water flows to different dewatering installations with a plurality of directions at first, in case water has reached specific level then, water flows to reservoir vessel with opposite direction, and when water reached still higher level, overflow system brought into operation then.
Guiding device can under the situation of active diversion means, preferably use valving for static state or dynamic.Wherein active diversion means has used control device preferably to be used for activating guiding device.This dewatering installation typically is the bypass pipe of heavy rain.This flow device typically is at the lip-deep tank that catchments.Reservoir vessel is typically one or more reservoir (tank).
Control device typically comprises rain sensor, when detecting rainwater, and this system of this sensor activation.This system preferably has a regular time and postpone to adjust, thereby before subsequently more clean water water conservancy diversion flows to reservoir vessel, is used for allowing the at first flushing of water to wash the surface of catchmenting.During this initial time, rainwater flows becomes rain (stormwater).Last valve in this time lag has stoped the flow direction bypass pipe, thus current direction reservoir vessel.
Under the situation of torrential rain, may exceed the capacity of system.The water yield may exceed the capacity of the capacity of tank and system and shift all water to reservoir vessel, so for fear of gutter spill, overflow system brings into operation.Typically, static overflow is designed the pipeline as both ends open, and this pipeline upwards enters tank, and this tank is adjacent with each bypass pipe.Before walking around guiding device, the amount of this overflow system design has determined to arrive the water level of tank.Owing to have normal amount of precipitation demand, the spilling water height on the selected bottom of gullet guarantees to have the high point that enough water levels surpass tank system in tank.Thereby, thereby thereby select the height of static overflow make its enough high and flow through high point go back simultaneously enough low during torrential rain tank spilling water not.
When being preferably static overflow, gutter spill can be finished with many replacedly methods.For example, guiding device can be a kind of valve by servo-drive system control, thereby allow quantitative flow to keep predefined balance by valve, under the situation of heavy rain, therefore it provide a kind of by spilling water valve rather than that be parallel to valve effectively by allowing local flow.To be the more expensive more maintenance expenditure that also will have like this, be a kind of to enforcement of the present invention in any case still.
When reservoir vessel had been expired, this control device is operation automatically typically, did not rain thereby do not exist water conservancy diversion or water to form by dewatering installation or by other path.Preferably, when reservoir had been expired, guiding device did not move, if perhaps reservoir vessel water filling when rainy, this guiding device is opened automatically, thereby water forms in common mode and rains when reservoir vessel is filled with.
Other variation of the present invention and advantage are conspicuous according to the description of following more preferably situation.
In a preferred form, a kind of collecting system is provided, wherein rainwater drop on the surface of catchmenting then water flow to flow device separately with a plurality of directions from the surface of catchmenting and flow to separately dewatering installation then, at least the partial drainage device comprises guiding device, this guiding device is used to stop current to flow out from dewatering installation, thereby make current in the system by the preferential rainwater storage container that transfers to, and have a kind of overflow system, therefore excessive water can be walked around guiding device and flow to dewatering installation.Preferred overflow system comprises the overflow pipe adjacent to guiding device.
Preferably, guiding device comprises valving.
Preferably, control device comprises rain sensor, and this sensor activates this system when detecting rainwater.
Preferably, this system has a regular time and postpone to adjust, thereby before subsequently more clean water water conservancy diversion flows to reservoir vessel, is used for allowing the at first flushing of water to wash the surface of catchmenting.
Preferably, this system has a regular time and postpone to adjust, thereby before subsequently more clean water water conservancy diversion flows to reservoir vessel, allows the at first flushing of water to wash the surface of catchmenting at initial period, and during this initial time, water flows to have formed and rains.
Preferably, this system has the set time delay and adjusts, before thereby the clean water subsequently is guided to reservoir vessel, allow the at first flushing of water to wash the surface of catchmenting at initial period, during this initial period, water flows to have formed and rains, last in time lag, valve closing flow to the current of bypass pipe, thereby the current direction reservoir vessel.
Preferably, this system has the dewatering installation that forms with tank and bypass pipe form, set time postpones to adjust, before thereby the clean water subsequently is guided to reservoir vessel, allow the at first flushing of water to wash the surface of catchmenting at initial period, during this initial period, water flows to have formed and rains, last in time lag, valve closing flow to the current of bypass pipe, thereby current direction reservoir vessel, overflow system projects up in the tank adjacent to bypass pipe, and the height of selected overflow system is guaranteed to have enough water levels and surpassed the highest low spot on the tank in tank, and this is because it is for normal amount of precipitation, can guarantee has the flow direction reservoir vessel, and also allows rainwater can walk around flow guide system when torrential rain.
Preferably, this system further comprises control device, and this control system is moved when reservoir vessel has been expired automatically, rains by dewatering installation or the formation of other path thereby water can not turn to.
Preferably, when reservoir vessel has been expired, if guiding device does not rerun or when rainy storage container was injecting, guiding device was opened up to reservoir vessel automatically and filled with.
Preferably, guiding device comprises a kind of rainwater water conservancy diversion composite member, this rainwater water conservancy diversion composite member has shell, inlet, outlet, overflow pipe, valve member, the valve member actuator, wherein inlet has been finished shell and has been being connected of tank that is positioned at the shell upstream extremity, being connected of shell and the bypass pipe that is positioned at the shell downstream finished in outlet, it is variable that valve member opens and closes between the position at inlet, the valve member actuator can be controlled and be used for the operated valve assembly, overflow pipe carries out following arrangement and control size, promptly when valve member is positioned at fastening position, the water that flows in tank flows by overflow pipe, and the water level in the tank has arrived the spilling water amount at this moment.
In another preferred situation, a kind of rainwater water conservancy diversion composite member is provided, this rainwater water conservancy diversion composite member is used for improving adaptation and has the bypass pipe situation of rainwater to the reservoir vessel that lead at have housing, this composite member has shell, inlet, outlet, overflow pipe, valve member, the valve member actuator, wherein inlet has been finished shell and has been being connected of tank that is positioned at the shell upstream extremity, being connected of shell and the bypass pipe that is positioned at the shell downstream finished in outlet, it is variable that valve member opens and closes between the position at inlet, the valve member actuator can be controlled and be used for the operated valve assembly, overflow pipe carries out following arrangement and control size, promptly when valve member is positioned at fastening position, the water that flows in tank flows by overflow pipe, and the water level in the tank has arrived the spilling water amount at this moment.
Preferably, the height of overflow pipe is between the higher water level of the water level of bottom of gullet peak and tank.Preferably, inlet all links to each other with outlet with overflow pipe.Preferably, this overflow pipe is charged in the tank through the base wall of tank, and the height of overflow pipe is determined by the distance that it is projected in the tank.Preferably, discharger is set on the next door of inlet and on inlet.
In a special embodiment, the present invention has implemented rain water collecting system in residential buildings, this residential buildings has the roof that comprises two gutters (drain) at least and collects, rain by tank in this gutter, this system has the tank that links to each other with tank, and exist and to be used to make the valving of rainwater diverted flow to tank, this rainwater flows to the gutter usually.Preferably, from rainfall at the beginning, water conservancy diversion takes place in preset time postpones.Preferably, each gutter all has rainwater water conservancy diversion composite member between tank and relevant gutter, each composite member has two inlets, can open and close simultaneously that second inlet is an overflow pipe thereby first inlet has relevant valve member, this inlet has flowing relation with relevant gutter.Preferably, from rainfall at the beginning, water conservancy diversion takes place in preset time postpones, and when tank was filled with, this tank had probe and surveys, this probe links to each other with control device, filled with thereby when rainfall, in a single day detect this tank, can be ended water conservancy diversion automatically, perhaps in rainfall at the beginning the time to tank, detect this tank and filled with, can avoid the generation of water conservancy diversion.
In a special form of implementation, from rainfall at the beginning, this water conservancy diversion occurs in the predetermined variable time delay, and tank has probe and detects tank and when fill with, this probe links to each other with control device, thereby filled with in case detect tank, can end automatically or avoid to take place to the water conservancy diversion of tank, this probe comprises float and has the control device of pneumatic actuation, this pneumatic actuation links to each other with separately valve actuator, and this control device has the shell that is positioned on the tank and links to each other with float by mechanical connection.
Description of drawings
Can be easier to understand and be applied to practice for the present invention, provide Reference numeral in conjunction with the accompanying drawing of being correlated with, this accompanying drawing has been represented the preferred embodiment of the invention, wherein:
Fig. 1 and 2 is the diagram of prior art;
Fig. 3 is the accompanying drawing that is similar to Fig. 1, but has represented one embodiment of the present of invention, and wherein this embodiment has identical as shown in fig. 1 roof structure;
Fig. 4 is the phantom drawing that has assembled the house, typical suburb of system of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the sectional drawing of bypass pipe water conservancy diversion composite member of the present invention and cistern tube;
Fig. 6 and 7 diagrammatic sketch for expression bypass pipe water conservancy diversion composite member;
Fig. 8 has the structure chart that compressed air exports the typical controller of air-operated valve actuator to;
The be arranged side by side structure chart of five actuators of Fig. 9;
The operating condition of system when Figure 10 has represented following situation, when at first washing, when perhaps not flowing to storage tank not having water conservancy diversion and rainwater to flow to become to rain, if perhaps storage tank be expired the time;
Figure 11 has represented that finishing back while water in flushing at first is diverted running situation when flowing to storage tank; With
Figure 12 has represented when heavy rain, the operating condition of system under the situation of over capacity.
The specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings, at first be Fig. 1, it illustrates a kind of setting of prior art, and wherein the roof 10 of residential buildings has water tank and is placed on 11 places.In this case, the roof is a T-shape, has ridge 12 and 13, and when rainy, tank 14 around the current direction.In order to collect all water, also need other water tank to need three water tanks altogether in this case.Water tank can be positioned at 11 or in the drawings model 15 or 16 shown in the position catchment in order to utilize whole roof, but for water tank 11, the rainwater on shadow region, roof 12 of dropping will be all whole water that just are collected in the storage tank 11.The other parts on shown roof can not collected the rainwater that exceeds outside this zone, thereby this rainwater will become easily and rain.This is owing to the required drop on each part of tank, and this tank must have the summit.Water flows to water tank 11 by tube connector 17, and simultaneously the overflow pipe of water tank turns to and rains by managing 18, and this pipe 18 links to each other with bypass pipe 19.
Fig. 2 has represented in the prior art typical water tank 11, and this water tank has pipe 17 and 18 and at the at first flusher at 20 places.This at first flusher have the vertical type cylinder body 21 of predetermined volume, thereby this vertical type cylinder body filled with at first and raise valve float (valve float) 22 and close cylinder to the top, thereby water flows to water tank 11 then.This cylinder is by the bleeder valve emptying at 23 places.What can expect is that at first flushing is quantitative and does not otherwise change.Similarly, water tank must be perpendicular to the spilling water that is used for that rains, thereby it has all limited possible water tank location in any house.If at first flushing is inadequate, sewage will flow to water tank so.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention are for making following situation, wherein whole roof area all is used for collecting and water will flow in the rainwater storage tank, thereby in current embodiment, during raining, all bypass pipes 19,24,25 and 26 will cut out automatically by the suitable valve device, thereby along the whole length of tank 14, water will flow to water tank 11.Thereby only need a water tank.According to this preferred embodiment, this water tank can be placed on the house Anywhere on every side equally.
Fig. 3 has represented reduced graph of the present invention, and it is applied to the identical house that has roof 10, but in this case, has the bypass pipe 27,28,29 and 30 that changes, and described bypass pipe all is assembled diaphragm valve device 31,32,33 and 34 separately.This device is for water water conservancy diversion composite member, this water water conservancy diversion composite member be plant produced and removing original bypass pipe part after install as a whole simply.
Typically, at first rain sensor 35 detects rainfall and begins, and behind the time durations on predetermined permission flushing roof, diaphragm valve device 31,32, thus 33 and 34 close from raining water is turned to.This water initial flow direction bypass pipe still constantly raises at water level and surpasses summit arbitrarily, and it begins to flow to storage tank.Under the situation of torrential rain,, just begin to start overflow device in case this system has arrived capacity limitation.These devices are positioned at each bypass pipe place adjacent with each valve and are the parts of water conservancy diversion composite member, thereby thereby excessive water can walk around the valve-off of each position and be directed to become to rain and avoided gutter spill by bypass pipe.
At first flushing can adopt adjustable timer to control, thereby and the inlet of cistern tube be raised bottom above tank before any current direction water tank, the water level in the tank must raise and surpass inlet.Thereby, Here it is be set in certain duration at first the flushing order, optimize the at first flushing that is used to obtain expecting water quality, valve closing, water level in the tank raises, and water level raises and surpasses tank entry, current direction water tank then, if if water level continue to raise surpassed become the amount of raining or water tank and filled with by overflow pipe after, this valve open.If water tank is just filled with when rainfall just begins, valve stays open so.
Because rain sensor has intrinsic delay when the induction rainwater, so will wash on the preceding roof of valve closing, thereby minimum flushing will become the duration that begins inherent latency the system till valve is without any the startup of additional delay from rainwater.In some cases, this flushing is just enough, but in other situation, more expectation can prolong the at first duration of flushing, and in a preferred embodiment, thereby the employing electronic equipment is finished prolongation and can be selected the duration optimization water quality of at first washing.The effect of flushing will depend on many variablees, and comprising, rainwater density at that time, the roof causes the local environment factor of contamination build-up, and rain frequency, and this rain frequency has determined the amount of the pollutant that must be rinsed.Thereby, at first Chong Xi duration should be between water quality and maximum gain balance and being optimised.To consider following factor adjustment washing time setting, this time is provided with and may be adjusted frequently as required sometimes, and described factor is as follows:
Required or accessible water quality (duration that increases at first flushing is improved water quality);
Local pollution level (in the duration that the high pollution areas increase is at first washed);
The expected frequence of rainfall (increasing the at first duration of flushing) in the low frequency area.
In the situation about artificially being set in the duration, though this water is tested under different flushings is set, it may be a kind of setting of mistake.A kind of replacement method is provided, the dynamic control by monitoring flow velocity promptly is provided and make washing time be variable with can dynamically adjust accordingly flushing first.Yet under most of situation, scope extra time that is added in the set time delay is 2-5 minute.
Change an embodiment who is provided with, wherein mounted water conservancy diversion composite member as shown in Figure 4.The feature that identical numeral is identical.The Fig. 5 that is arranged at bypass pipe 27 and cistern tube 17 places has carried out more detailed expression in 6 and 7.Valving 31 comprises the chest 36 that has bypass pipe 27, and this bypass pipe 27 matches with opening 37 on being positioned at chest 36 bottoms 38.This tank 14 has the opening 39 and 40 that is arranged side by side, and this opening 40 has upright wall 41, and opening 39 has the hinged valve plates 42 at 43 places and forward position simultaneously.Pneumatic actuator 44 is used for movement of valve door-plate 42 to fastening position, as Fig. 5, shown in 6 and 7.Open position is shown in diplopia.When this valve closing, opening 40 and upright wall 41 are as forming the discharger that rains again by chest 36.Cistern tube 17 also has the opening 45 that has upright wall 46, and this upright wall has upper edge 47, and upper edge 47 is set the upper edge 48 that is lower than discharger wall 41.Thereby water will continue to flow to water tank and be filled with up to water tank.
With reference now to accompanying drawing 8 and 9, describes controller in detail.This controller is as shown in the chest 49, and described chest 49 is at the top of water tank 11 and have solar panel 50 and be used for to battery 51 trickle charges.When water tank was filled with, air actuator 52-55 (perhaps the same with bypass pipe quantity) was by vent valve 56 emptyings, and this vent valve 56 is by float 57 and float arm 58 operations.Opened like this diaphragm valve then water flow to become and rain.Air is transported to actuator by air/electric switch 60 from compressor 61 along pipe 59.This compressor is opened after variable timer delay 62 is closed, and at this moment timer is set to and is used to expect that the expected time of at first washing postpones.If work as system failure servo (system failure relay) 63 with system closing, malfunction indicator lamp 64 is with luminous then.
Figure 10-12 has represented the operation of system under varying environment.Figure 10 has represented at first flushing, and Figure 11 has represented to be guided in the water tank simultaneously that Figure 12 has represented the spilling water situation.In Figure 12, water can still flow to water tank, in case still water tank is filled with, air will be discharged all then valve plates from actuator will move to the inlet open position.
When rainfall took place after at first washing, valve closing rainwater was then walked around bypass pipe and is flowed along tank, and it is collected in the rainwater storage bin then.Valving can simply be made as the box body combinations part, and is inserted into simply by the following method in the existing bypass pipe, and this method is for being used for overflow pipe by removing the part bypass pipe and cut a hole on tank.These are placed on the corresponding bypass pipe, thereby so its water that occurs in the bypass pipe of flowing through usually on the roof be diverted now and flow in the storage tank.Under the situation of heavy rain, on bypass pipe be set to wall 41 will with the height " H " protrude in the tank, this highly a little higher than peak that relates to the tank drop, thus this special bypass pipe can guarantee to have enough height, flow and to come thereby water can be higher than peak from far-end.Under the situation of torrential rain, when water level become surpass height H the time, water flows through overflow pipe with the direction of arrow shown in Figure 12, guarantees not spilling water of tank 14 thereby valve has been bypassed.
When providing the invention described above exemplary embodiment, do not breaking away under the extraneous situation that proposes as accessory claim of the present invention, many variations of the present invention and modification it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that.

Claims (23)

1. collecting system, wherein rainwater drops on the surface of catchmenting water then and flows to separately flow device from the surface of catchmenting, flow to dewatering installation separately then, guiding device, be that variable guiding device has avoided water to flow out from dewatering installation wherein from open position to fastening position, thereby water preferentially is transferred in the water receiver, a kind of other local overflow system of adjoining dewatering installation place or system that is arranged in functions as follows that promptly excessive water can be walked around guiding device and flow to dewatering installation.
2. collecting system as claimed in claim 1, wherein this guiding device comprises valving.
3. collecting system as claimed in claim 1, it further comprises control device, and this control device comprises rain sensor, this sensor activates this system and comes mobile guiding device to fastening position detecting when raining.
4. collecting system as claimed in claim 1, wherein, before water conservancy diversion clean water after a while flowed to water receiver, this system had a set time and postpones to adjust and be used for allowing the at first flushing of water to wash the surface of catchmenting.
5. collecting system as claimed in claim 1, wherein, before water conservancy diversion clean water after a while flowed to water receiver, this system had set time delay adjustment and is used for allowing at first washing of water to wash the surface of catchmenting in initial, becomes at this baseline water and rains.
6. collecting system as claimed in claim 1, wherein guiding device comprises valve and following system, promptly before water conservancy diversion clean water after a while flows to water receiver, having variable time delay adjustment is used for allowing at first washing of water to wash the surface of catchmenting in initial, become at baseline water and to rain, last in this time lag, valve closing the current direction water receiver then of the bypass pipe in the dewatering installation.
7. collecting system as claimed in claim 1, wherein system has flow device that exists with the tank form and the dewatering installation that exists with the bypass pipe form, also had before water conservancy diversion clean water after a while flows to water receiver, the time lag adjustment is used for allowing at first washing of water to wash the surface of catchmenting in initial, become at baseline water and to rain, last in this time lag, guiding device has been closed the current current direction water receiver then that flows to bypass pipe, overflow pipe is given prominence to and is entered the tank adjacent with each bypass pipe, thereby the height of selecting overflow pipe is guaranteed to have in the tank and is flowed to the enough water levels of water receiver, allows simultaneously can walk around guiding device when torrential rain and rainwater is become rain.
8. a collecting system as claimed in claim 1 further comprises control device, and this control device moves automatically when water receiver is filled with, thereby water becomes by dewatering installation or other path and rains.
9. collecting system as claimed in claim 1, wherein, when water receiver was filled with, guiding device did not move, if perhaps water receiver water filling when rainfall, this guiding device is opened automatically up to water receiver and is filled with.
10. collecting system as claimed in claim 1, wherein variable time postpones to be used for setting the at first duration of flushing.
11. collecting system as claimed in claim 1, wherein, guiding device comprises rainwater water conservancy diversion composite member, this rainwater water conservancy diversion composite member has shell, inlet, outlet, overflow pipe, valve member, the valve member actuator, wherein inlet has been finished shell and has been being connected of tank that is positioned at the shell upstream extremity, being connected of shell and the bypass pipe that is positioned at the shell downstream finished in outlet, valve member is opened and entered the mouth between the fastening position at inlet is variable, the valve member actuator can be controlled and be used for the operated valve assembly, overflow pipe carries out following arrangement and control size, promptly when valve member is positioned at fastening position, water level in the tank has arrived the spilling water amount at this moment, and the water that flows in tank flows by overflow pipe.
12. rainwater water conservancy diversion composite member, this composite member comprises shell, inlet, outlet, overflow pipe, valve member, the valve member actuator, wherein inlet has been finished shell and has been being connected of tank that is positioned at the shell upstream extremity, being connected of shell and the bypass pipe that is positioned at the shell downstream finished in outlet, valve member is opened and entered the mouth between the fastening position at inlet is variable, the valve member actuator can be controlled and be used for the operated valve assembly, overflow pipe carries out following arrangement and control size, promptly when valve member is positioned at fastening position, water level in the tank has arrived the spilling water amount at this moment, and the water that flows in tank flows by overflow pipe.
13. a rainwater water conservancy diversion composite member as claimed in claim 12, wherein, the height of overflow pipe is between the higher water level of the water level of bottom of gullet peak and tank.
14. a rainwater water conservancy diversion composite member as claimed in claim 12, wherein, inlet all links to each other with outlet with overflow pipe.
15. a rainwater water conservancy diversion composite member as claimed in claim 12, wherein, this overflow pipe is charged in the tank through the base wall of tank, and the height of overflow pipe is determined by the distance that it is projected in the tank.
16. a rainwater water conservancy diversion composite member as claimed in claim 12, wherein, overflow pipe is set on inlet.
17. rain water collecting system on the house, this house comprises that at least the roof in two gutters catchments, rain by tank in this gutter, this system has the water receiver of accepting current in the tank, and existence is used to make the valving of rainwater diverted flow to water receiver, this valving is operated by the effector, and this rainwater flows to the gutter usually.
18. rain water collecting system as claimed in claim 17, from rainfall at the beginning, water conservancy diversion takes place in preset time postpones.
19. rain water collecting system as claimed in claim 17, wherein, each gutter all has rainwater water conservancy diversion composite member between tank and relevant gutter, each composite member has two inlets, first inlet has relevant valve member, thereby when second inlet when being overflow pipe, described valve member can open and close, and these two inlets have flowing relation with relevant gutter.
20. rain water collecting system as claimed in claim 17, wherein, from rainfall at the beginning, water conservancy diversion takes place in preset time postpones, whether this water receiver has probe and surveys water receiver and filled with, in a single day this probe links to each other with control device, is filled with thereby detect this water receiver, can end or avoid the water conservancy diversion to water receiver automatically.
21. rain water collecting system as claimed in claim 17, wherein, whether this water receiver has probe surveys water receiver and is filled with, and this probe links to each other with control device, thereby filled with in case detect this water receiver, can be ended water conservancy diversion automatically to water receiver.
22. rain water collecting system as claimed in claim 17, from rainfall at the beginning, this water conservancy diversion occurs in the preset time delay, and whether water receiver has probe and detects water receiver and fill with, this probe links to each other with control device, thereby filled with in case detect water receiver, can end automatically or avoid to take place to the water conservancy diversion of water receiver, this probe comprises float and has the controller of pneumatic actuation, this pneumatic actuation links to each other with separately valve actuator, has shell and this controller adjacent with water receiver links to each other with float by mechanical connection.
23. rain water collecting system as claimed in claim 17, wherein, water initially flows with separately gutter direction, flows to water receiver then, and the overflow pipe that can avoid tank to overflow when existing in torrential rain.
CN2007800309070A 2006-08-25 2007-08-27 Water collection system CN101517174B (en)

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CN101517174A (en) 2009-08-26
EP2054564A1 (en) 2009-05-06
WO2008022411A1 (en) 2008-02-28
US20100263295A1 (en) 2010-10-21
CA2661380A1 (en) 2008-02-28

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