CN101513317A - PTC electric constant temperature container - Google Patents

PTC electric constant temperature container Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101513317A
CN101513317A CNA2008100579199A CN200810057919A CN101513317A CN 101513317 A CN101513317 A CN 101513317A CN A2008100579199 A CNA2008100579199 A CN A2008100579199A CN 200810057919 A CN200810057919 A CN 200810057919A CN 101513317 A CN101513317 A CN 101513317A
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China
Prior art keywords
electrode
container
power
cup
power socket
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CNA2008100579199A
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Chinese (zh)
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苏欣捷
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苏欣捷
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Priority to CNA2008100579199A priority Critical patent/CN101513317A/en
Publication of CN101513317A publication Critical patent/CN101513317A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a PTC electric constant temperature container, and relates to a heating device and a water boiling vessel. The invention aims at solving the problem of inconvenient use of the prior PTC constant temperature container. The PTC electric constant temperature container of the invention comprises PTC heating elements which are in electric and heat conducting connection to the lower side of a metallic inner bottom piece of the constant temperature container. A main body of the container adopts a double-layer thin wall stainless steel structure, a metallic liner structure or an anti-corrosion metallic inner bottom piece structure. The bottom of the container is provided with a central electrode base and a pole shoe, and a circular ring-shaped electrode base and a pole shoe which are used for connecting a power supply. The upper surface of a power supply base powering the constant temperature container is provided with a ring-shaped protrusion, the inner side and the outer side of the ring are provided with a first electrode and a second electrode respectively, and the first electrode and the second electrode are electrically connected with the central electrode base and the circular ring-shaped electrode base respectively. A power line is connected with a switch, a fuse and an LED indicating the current in series and connected with an LED indicating the switch-on of the power supply in parallel. The constant temperature container is suitable for various power supplies.

Description

A kind of PTC electric constant-temp container
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of constant temperature electric heater unit and vessel to boil water, particularly a kind of PTC electric constant-temp container.
Background technology
Traditional constant-temperature control method normally adopts the heat detecting sensor variation of temperature, and the heating operation that then it is fed back to heating element heater compensates the variations in temperature that is taken place.Its shortcoming is that more complicated, price are expensive, and reliability is not high.In recent years, positive temperature coefficient (Positive TemperatureCoefficient, PTC) development and application of temperature-sensitive element heating technique has obtained considerable progress, for domain of control temperature provide a kind of simple, price suitable and the heating and the temperature of high reliability are controlled incorporate heating and temperature control unit.
In order to keep the temperature of drinking water or beverage, traditional container has adopted heat insulation function as cup (following for simplifying, as will to discuss with cup, but be not limited to cup).Adopting the cup of electric heating function only is that water is boiled usually, does not have the function of constant temperature.After the PTC technological invention, the performance of some its automatic constant-temperatures of patent utilization keeps the constant of beverage or other article temperature.
China utility model CN00259928.7, on December 22 2000 applying date, title " is nursed a baby and is used the constant temperature cup " and discloses the glass holder that adopts the PTC heating element heater and have the double-layer stainless steel insulation construction and heat the conventional cup of no heating element heater and the device of drink wherein.
China utility model CN01254778.6, on the November 19 calendar year 2001 applying date, title " electric heating thermal insulation magnetic cup " discloses employing thermistor (PTC) and has made the glass holder of heating element heater and heat the conventional cup of no heating element heater and the device of beverage wherein.
China utility model CN02250029.4, on December 5 2002 applying date, title " milk-boiling dev " discloses the device that the glass holder that adopts the PTC heating element heater heats the container of no heating element heater and drink wherein.This device has power supply indicator, heating power 30-200W.
Above-mentioned three heating furnaces that patent all is the glass holder formula are heated container and take, put very inconvenient.
China utility model CN02250030.8, December 5 2002 applying date, title " constant temperature insulating pot " discloses the kettle that adopts the traditional electrical heating element heater, but this utility model is made the insulation heating element heater with PTC, after the traditional electrical heating element heater is boiled with the water in the kettle, the power supply that connects this heating element heater is cut off automatically, can change PTC electrical heat tracing state over to by hand switch.
U.S. Pat 6,571,690, October 17 2002 applying date, title " Home yogurtmaking machine by directly incubating milk bottle therein " discloses and has adopted PTC to make the Yoghourt fermentation device of heating element heater, but adopted other temperature control system, its temperature is defined as the temperature of optimum Yoghourt fermentation.
China utility model CN 200420061024, at on 08 31st, 2004 applying date, title " ceramic PTC constant temperature Yogurt making machine " discloses and has adopted PTC to make the Yoghourt fermentation device of heating element heater, fermentor inner bag bottom outer surface is provided with aluminium sheet, the PTC heating element heater is placed under the aluminium sheet, and stationary temperature is limited to 43 ± 2 ℃.
Japanese Utility Model JP 56-166439 (the clear 56-166439 of real Open), 1980 applying date title on May 15 " fluid warmer " discloses the water in PTC element heating container is used in the bottom of container, heats the technology of feeding bottle then by water.
Japan Patent JP63-051815 (the clear 63-051815 of special Open), on August 20 1986 applying date, it is the heater of heating element heater with PTC that title " container is gone into the り article and added the Hot device " discloses what be used for heated beverage in automobile.
Japanese Utility Model JP04-074893 (the flat 04-074893 of real Open), the November 13 nineteen ninety applying date, the beverage heater that it is heating element heater that title " insulation with ヒ--" discloses with tabular resin PTC.55-60 ℃ of its operating temperature, main as insulation.
Japan Patent JP2002-231422 (Te Open 2002-231422), the January 29 calendar year 2001 applying date, title " the development bud with, development ferment with, Concentrated Shrink with, Tone reason with, add Hot with, the dry utensil of use of the universe " electric-heating container of employing from temperature control flake heater (PTC) disclosed.This container can be used for purposes such as the fermentation, germination of food, operating temperature 40-80 ℃.
U.S. Pat 4341949, on August 6 1980 applying date, title " Electrical heatingapparatus with a heating element of PTC material " discloses the ptc heater that is fixed in container bottom.This patent has mainly been emphasized the fixed form of PTC plate, battery lead plate and insulating heat-conductive layer.
U.S. Pat 5283420, on May 6 1991 applying date, title " Electricallyheated beverage container " discloses a kind of electric heating container for drink that is used in the automobile.In this invention, ptc heater by soldering can conduct electricity one, the inner bag bottom outside of heat conduction, two one of electrode bars are welded in the ptc heater lower surface, another is welded in inner bag bottom lower surface; Heat-insulation layer is arranged at wall of cup and part bottom, and cup outer bottom spare has an anterior band chamfer groove, and two electrodes are positioned at this groove.Corresponding this groove has two parallel strip projections providing on the cup of power supply, the middle inside of two strip projections has a pair of and the corresponding spring conducting strip of cup top electrode, has an isolating bar that two spring conducting strips are kept apart between the two spring conducting strips; There is the kick on a band slope front portion of this isolating bar, and there is another little rectangular recess at the corresponding anterior chamfering of groove place at cup with it.When being placed on cup on the cup, the anterior chamfering of the groove of cup can play guiding function, the kick of cup isolating bar front portion can play the role of positioning with another little rectangular recess at the anterior chamfering of the groove place of cup, guarantee that two electrodes on the cup accurately contact with two spring conducting strips on the cup, and guarantee that cup does not move on cup.Two spring conducting strips on the cup connect power line, and a power switch is arranged on the power line, and power line connects an igniter for automobile plug.The weak point of this patent is: 1, cooperating and be limited at a fixing angle between cup and cup, make troubles for the operation that cup is placed on the cup; 2, the elongated shape of the pair of electrodes of cup outer bottom spare and be welded in fixed form on PTC sheet and the inner bag respectively is restricted its intensity; 3, the cup outer bottom spare pair of electrodes between distance limit the size of PTC sheet, the heating power of ptc heater is restricted; Though 4, between two spring conducting strips on the cup one isolating bar is arranged, does not fundamentally get rid of other conduction foreign matters yet and be placed on the possibility that causes power supply short circuit on the cup.
U.S. Pat 6192787, on November 3 1997 applying date, title " Electricallyheated beverage appliance " discloses a kind of electrical heating beverage appliance.In this invention, cup outer bottom spare is conduction, Heat Conduction Material, adopts sealing strip to be connected with wall of cup with locking strip, and the PTC heating element heater directly is welded on glass outer bottom spare, has a plurality of holes to supply to drink on the bowl cover, and the swivelling cover that these holes can be blocked arranged; Providing on the cup of power supply has three electrodes, the middle PTC heating element heater that directly connects, and one of the next door is the power supply of PTC heating element heater for the cup outer bottom spare that connects conduction, another one also connects a glass outer bottom spare, connect indicator lamp and come the display operation state, the cylindricality ring is arranged on the cup, be used for cup is located.The weak point of this invention is: 1, the layout of the electrode on the cup can not get rid of other the conduction foreign matter be placed on the possibility that causes power supply short circuit on the cup; 2, the PTC heating element heater is exposed outside; 3, the cylindricality locating ring on the cup has limited the use of the cup of other or big or small size; 4, wall of cup does not have heat insulation function.
U.S. Pat 6121585, on March 30 1999 applying date, title " Electricallyheated beverage cup and cupholder system " discloses a kind of electrical heating goblet and cup system.In this invention, wall of cup adopts plastic material, cup outer bottom spare has a metallic plate, adopt the sealing of O shape ring between this metallic plate and wall of cup, one polymer flexibility PTC heating plate is arranged under this metallic plate, and the electrode of this heating plate connects the platform shape projected electrode at glass outer bottom spare center and the projected electrode of the ring-type at cup outer bottom spare edge respectively, and a cup outer bottom spare main body adopts plastic material, adopt ultrasonic bonding or bonding way to be connected between cup outer bottom spare and wall of cup, the equilibrium temperature of this ptc polymer is about 48.9-82.2 ℃; The periphery that the cup of power supply is provided is a high annular external wall structure that rises, the inside of this annular external wall structure is the ring-shaped platform of a support cup outer bottom spare, there is a circular concave surface at the center of this platform, this platform edges is a loop concave concentric with the center concave surface, one spring pellet electrode is arranged respectively in the central circular concave surface of this cup and the loop concave, two concave surfaces of described cup and electrode wherein respectively with the platform shape projected electrode of cup outer bottom spare and corresponding the coincideing of projected electrode of ring-type, one of spring pellet electrode of described cup following also can be triggered a Jogging clutch and be prevented that other conduction foreign matter is placed on and cause power supply short circuit on the cup.The weak point of this invention is: 1, ptc polymer can wear out, and temperature stabilization point can drift about, and heating power can descend; 2, the high annular external wall structure that rises of cup makes troubles for the action of putting and getting of cup; 3, the high annular external wall structure that rises of cup makes in its existing cup that can't be placed on automobile, makes to use to be restricted; 4, the annular projection electrode of cup outer bottom spare and the recessed size to bottom of cups of cup annular have strict restriction.
In sum, the deficiencies in the prior art part is: cup has limited the size of bottom of cups; Cup structure unreasonable put toward the cup and the inconvenient operation of taking off from cup cup; Cup can not be placed in the existing cup of automobile.In addition, some cup does not have heat insulation function, and power supply is not had extensive applicability structure competitive list first-class.In a word, these shortcomings are used to cup and have been brought many inconvenience.
Summary of the invention
One, technical problem to be solved
The objective of the invention is to solve existing PTC thermostatic container inconvenient problem with use, propose a kind of PTC electric constant-temp container, it is simple in structure, conveniently takes, puts, and its bottom size is unrestricted.In addition, power socket can be placed in the cup of automobile or on the desk and be suitable for multiple power supply.
Two, technical scheme
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
1, a kind of PTC electric constant-temp container comprises vessel, power socket, power-supply system and at least one PTC heating element heater; End part and outer bottom spare in described vessel comprises, should be made of metal by part of the interior end, one lateral electrode layer of described PTC heating element heater is connected with heat conduction with the conduction that is connected in the part outside, the described interior end, described outer bottom spare is provided with contre electrode seat and annular electrode seat, this contre electrode seat seat is one to be positioned at the projection of described container outer bottom central authorities, this annular electrode seat is an annular table shape projection around described contre electrode seat, constitute a cannelure between two projectioies, described contre electrode seat and annular electrode seat bottom is equipped with the electrode pole shoe of conduction respectively, and described PTC heating element heater both sides electrode layer is electrically connected with electrode pole shoe on described contre electrode seat and the annular electrode seat respectively; Described power socket has a upper surface, this upper surface has an annular protrusion, be provided with first electrode in this annular protrusion, the annular upper surface in the described annular protrusion outside is provided with at least one second electrode, described first electrode and second electrode be the electric connection of power supply system respectively, when being positioned over vessel on the described power socket, the cannelure of described outer bottom spare can hold the annular protrusion of this power socket, and the electrode pole shoe on described contre electrode seat and the annular electrode seat leans on first electrode and at least one second electrode paste respectively and formation is electrically connected.
2, to 1 described PTC electric constant-temp container, when the quantity of described PTC heating element heater surpassed one, the constant temperature parameter that different PTC heating element heaters are had should be identical or close, and the constant temperature parameter of commodity PTC heating element heater is (as surface temperature T SurfOr maximum temperature) be distributed in usually in the very wide scope, the above-mentioned identical or close a certain accuracy rating of setting according to the difference that the temperature control accuracy is required that is meant, as, ± 2%, ± 5%, ± 8% etc.The temperature constant point of described PTC heating element heater in 40-99 ℃ scope, preferred 50-85 ℃.Described surpassing between one PTC heating element heater is connected in parallel, and described PTC heating element heater one lateral electrode layer adopts the mode of soldering, soldering, conductive adhesive or spring crimping to conduct electricity to connect and heat conduction is connected the downside of end part in the described container.The conduction connection that welding is provided is connected comparatively reliable with heat conduction.
3, to 1 described PTC electric constant-temp container, described contre electrode pole shoe and described annular electrode pole shoe be in same base plane bottom, described contre electrode pole shoe and described annular electrode pole shoe adopt a kind of or other corrosion resistant metal in stainless steel, brass, the aluminium or the metal of corrosion-resistant surface coating are arranged, adopt bonding, screw attachment, anchor or arbitrarily both combination be connected with the annular electrode tip holder with described contre electrode seat seat respectively.
4, to 1 described PTC electric constant-temp container, described vessel comprise outer bottom spare, part of the interior end and chamber wall and with the separable container cover of chamber wall, the space that the interior end part and chamber wall are surrounded can be used to hold need be by the article of constant temperature, as beverage.This PTC electric constant-temp container can be beverage (water, tea, coffee) cup, also can be milk-boiling dev or heat wine device etc.Chamber wall adopts double-layer thin wall stainless steel, and end part adopts stainless steel in the described container, and described double-layer thin wall stainless steel chamber wall institute sealed space vacuumizes insulation or fill insulant material.Described outer bottom spare is threaded with the extension of stainless steel outer wall at container bottom, or the stainless steel outer wall is welded to connect at the extension and the annular electrode pole shoe of container bottom.For the container that adopts the double-layer thin wall stainless steel wall, the annular electrode tip holder can form being electrically connected of nature with part of the interior end of container.Container bottom is in the state of sealing fully, has increased reliability.
To 1 described PTC electric constant-temp container, comprise also and the separable container cover of chamber wall that 5, wherein end part extends upward and forms the container inner bag in the container, adopts corrosion-resistant metal materials, the space that this container inner bag is surrounded can be used to hold need be by the article of constant temperature.Described chamber wall adopts plastic material, the reducing shape that filling or filled heat insulating material not between chamber wall and the described container inner bag, described chamber wall and inner bag diameter adopt reducing shape that equal diameter, diameter increase gradually or diameter to increase suddenly at the middle part from bottom to top; It is many to adopt this shape that the volume of container has been enlarged, but still can put into the cup of automobile.On the described chamber wall handle is arranged, described outer bottom spare and chamber wall are connected in that the extension of container bottom is bonding.Container bottom is in the state of sealing fully, has increased reliability.
6, to 1 described PTC electric constant-temp container, also comprise and the separable container cover of chamber wall, described chamber wall adopts plastic material, end part adopts the plate-like metallic plate to stretch out also welding in described plastic container wall in the container, or adopt O shape ring and chamber wall to seal, the space that end part is surrounded in described chamber wall and the described container can be used to hold need be by the article of constant temperature, the reducing shape that described chamber wall diameter adopts reducing shape that equal diameter, diameter increase gradually or diameter to increase suddenly at the middle part from bottom to top; On the described chamber wall handle is arranged.
7, to 1 described PTC electric constant-temp container, described power socket is one the cylindricality platform of upper surface and bottom surface to be arranged, its upper surface is parallel with the bottom surface, diameter is not more than the internal diameter of the cup in most of automobile, make power socket can put into the cup of most of automobile, described power socket upper surface, the sidewall of annular protrusion and described platform adopts injection molding, the other injection mo(u)lding in described power socket bottom surface, or described power socket upper surface, annular protrusion adopts the plastics integrated injection molding, the other injection mo(u)lding of the sidewall of described power socket bottom surface and described platform, both adopt bonding or screw connects, described power socket has sluicing on the bottom surface, passage or do not box out, rubber or the anti-skidding projection of plastics are arranged at the bottom, bottom surface.
8, to 7 described PTC electric constant-temp containers, described first electrode or second electrode are made up of a compression spring, a steel ball, one section short tube and an electrodes base, one end of short tube is welded on the electrodes base, compression spring and steel ball are enclosed in the short tube by the mode with undergauge, outside the part steel ball is exposed to, electrode places upper surface to be injection molded in the through hole of template during installation, be exposed to outer steel ball and protrude in upper surface, electrodes base is fixed on inboard, described power socket bottom surface, and described electrodes base is electrically connected with power lead.
9,7 described first electrodes of described PTC electric constant-temp container or second electrode are made up of a carnival hat shape electrode, a compression spring and an electrodes base, this carnival hat shape electrode connects one section cylinder with diameter by a hemisphere face and connects together that the anchor ring of internal diameter constitutes again, the partial pressure spring places in the carnival hat shape electrode, and the other end of compression spring is fixed on the electrodes base.Electrode places upper surface to be injection molded in the through hole of template during installation, and the hemisphere face of carnival hat shape electrode partly protrudes in upper surface, and electrodes base is fixed on inboard, described power socket bottom surface, and electrodes base is electrically connected with power lead.
10, to 7 described PTC electric constant-temp containers, described first electrode or second electrode are made of a spring foil metal and a screw, one end of this spring foil metal has a hole, be fixed in the groove identical on the described power socket upper surface with described screw with this spring metal plate shape, the other end perk of this spring foil metal, be higher than described power socket upper surface, porose end of described sheet metal and screw are electrically connected with power lead.This spring foil metal can replace screw with rivet to be fixed.
11, to 10 described PTC electric constant-temp containers, an end of described spring foil metal perk is gone back to downwards in the hole of its underpart on the power socket upper surface again, and porose end of described sheet metal and screw are electrically connected with power lead.
12, to 7 described PTC electric constant-temp containers, it is characterized in that described first electrode or second electrode are made of a spring foil metal and a screw, one end of this spring foil metal has a hole, with screw, rivet fix or plastics stake rivet clasp at the downside of described power socket upper surface injection-molded article, this spring foil metal is nearly serpentine, the part of this serpentine spring foil metal protrudes in upper surface through a through hole of this upper surface integrated injection molding body, and the porose end of described spring foil metal is electrically connected with power lead.
13, to 7 described PTC electric constant-temp containers, described first electrode or second electrode are by a spring foil metal, a screw and a cylindric electrode constitute, the two ends of this spring foil metal are porose, wherein an end fix with screw, rivet or plastics stake rivet clasp at the downside of described power socket upper surface injection-molded article, the other end is connected, rivets or weld with this columnar electrode screw, this cylindric electrode protrudes in upper surface through a through hole of upper surface injection-molded article, and the stiff end of described spring foil metal is electrically connected with power lead.
14, to 7 described PTC electric constant-temp containers, described second electrode is on the annular upper surface of the power socket in the described annular protrusion ring outside and the corresponding plate electrode of described annular electrode, the height of this plate electrode upper surface is the height of the upper surface of described power socket, this plate electrode adopts a kind of or other corrosion resistant metal in stainless steel, brass, the aluminium or the metal of corrosion-resistant surface coating is arranged, and that described plate electrode adopts is bonding, anchor, screw or appoint the mode of both combinations to be fixed on the described power socket.The advantage of plate electrode is simple, attractive in appearance and is electrically connected reliable.
15, to 7 to 14 described PTC electric constant-temp containers, the section configuration of described annular protrusion is the annular protrusion section configuration that the combination of trapezoidal, semicircle, triangle, the trapezoidal and rectangle of chamfering, semicircle and trapezoidal combination or other can be held by outer bottom spare cannelure.The convex annular role has two, one has been guiding and positioning action, make the electrode and the electrode on the power socket of container bottom can be directed very simply, easily, locate and connect, second effect is the short circuit that prevents power supply, prevents from that article as beverage can, metal cup one class are placed on to cause power supply short circuit on the power socket.
16, to 7 described PTC electric constant-temp containers, described power-supply system comprises automobile cigarette lighter attaching plug or power transformer, described automobile cigarette lighter attaching plug connects the 12V/24V car direct current power supply, the power transformer input terminal voltage is 220V/110V, output end voltage is equal to or less than 36V, preferred 12V/24V; Be in series with switch and fuse on the circuit of described connection first electrode and second electrode, be parallel with and be used for the light emitting diode of connection of display power supply, this light emitting diode is in series with current-limiting resistance, be in series with and be used for the light emitting diode of display circuit size of current, this light emitting diode is parallel with shunt resistance, is in series with current-limiting resistance.This light emitting diode lights that the explanation operating current is bigger, and the temperature of container does not reach the temperature constant point as yet, otherwise the explanation operating current is smaller, and the temperature of container has reached or near the temperature constant point.
17, to 16 described PTC electric constant-temp containers, described power supply one side of leaning on that is connected with the circuit of switch, fuse and light emitting diode is connected with cloudy socket through a pair of plug, change the plug-in unit that is connected with automobile cigarette lighter attaching plug or power transformer respectively that inserts, can make the constant temperature electric heating system be applicable to automobile or mains supply respectively, the cable that two ends all connect attaching plug is applicable to the power supply in other place, as the AC/DC power supply of available 6~36V such as train, steamer, aircraft, solar cell, small generator.Because the PTC heating element heater has very strong adaptability to voltage,, be influential to electrical heating power so supply voltage in 6~36V scope, and exchanges that still to be dc source can not impact the temperature constant point of PTC element.
18, to 16 described PTC electric constant-temp containers, the light emitting diode in parallel of described switch, fuse, indication power supply, the series connection light emitting diode of indicator current, resistance or power supply transfer socket all can be encapsulated in the etui or be encapsulated in the power socket, wherein, the series connection light emitting diode of the light emitting diode in parallel of indication power supply, indicator current and corresponding resistance can be installed in the vessel in addition.
Three, beneficial effect
The invention solves existing PTC thermostatic container inconvenient problem with use; the operation that thermostatic container is put and taken off on the power socket is very simple; be electrically connected reliable; do not placed angle limits, the restriction of the size of thermostatic container, shape, material is relaxed significantly, heat insulation function is arranged; the light emitting diode that shows the thermostatic container duty is arranged; anti-power supply short circuit and function of power protection are arranged, and power socket can be put into the cup of automobile, can be suitable for the power supply that various use occasions can provide.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is PTC electric constant-temp cup and power socket, wherein shows the profile of A type outer bottom spare;
Fig. 2 shows a kind of arrangement of PTC heating element heater;
Fig. 3 is the profile of Type B PTC electric constant-temp cup outer bottom spare;
Fig. 4 is the profile of C type PTC electric constant-temp cup outer bottom spare;
Fig. 5 is the profile of D type PTC electric constant-temp cup outer bottom spare;
Fig. 6 is the profile of E type PTC electric constant-temp cup outer bottom spare;
Fig. 7 is the profile of F type PTC electric constant-temp cup outer bottom spare;
Fig. 8 is the profile of G type PTC electric constant-temp cup outer bottom spare;
Fig. 9 is the profile of H type PTC electric constant-temp cup outer bottom spare;
Figure 10 is the profile of liner type PTC electric constant-temp cup;
Figure 11 is the profile that the liner type PTC electric constant-temp cup of heat-insulation layer is arranged;
Figure 12 is the profile with the PTC electric constant-temp cup at the end in the metal;
Figure 13 is the profile of wall of cup chap formula gradually PTC electric constant-temp cup;
Figure 14 is carried out the transition to the profile of another diameter formula PTC electric constant-temp cup by a diameter for wall of cup;
Figure 15 is carried out the transition to the profile of another diameter formula PTC electric constant-temp cup suddenly by a diameter for wall of cup;
Figure 16 is the profile of BB type electrode supply seat;
Figure 17 is the profile of CC type electrode supply seat;
Figure 18 is the vertical view of CC type electrode supply seat;
Figure 19 is the bottom view of CC type electrode supply seat;
Figure 20 is the profile of DD type electrode supply seat;
Figure 21 is the profile of EE type electrode supply seat;
Figure 22 is the profile of FF type electrode supply seat;
Figure 23 is the profile of AG type electrode supply seat;
Figure 24 is the profile of BG type electrode supply seat;
Figure 25 is the profile of CG type electrode supply seat;
Figure 26 is the profile of DG type electrode supply seat;
Figure 27 is the profile of EG type electrode supply seat;
Figure 28 is the profile of FG type electrode supply seat;
Figure 29 is the profile of BG type electrode half-circle projection power socket;
Figure 30 is the profile of BG type electrode denation power socket;
Figure 31 is the profile of BG type electrode manhole ladder cylindrical arc-shaped protrusions power socket;
Figure 32 is the profile of the outer trapezoidal protrusion power socket of circular arc in the BG type electrode;
Figure 33 is the profile of trapezoidal outer rectangle chamfering projection power socket in the BG type electrode;
Figure 34 shows power socket electric power system mode A;
Figure 35 shows power socket electric power system mode B;
Figure 36 shows power socket electric power system mode C;
Figure 37 shows power socket electric power system mode D;
Figure 38 shows power socket electric power system mode E;
Figure 39 shows power socket electric power system mode F;
Figure 40 shows power socket electric power system mode G;
Figure 41 is the schematic diagram of the combination of power socket electric power system mode E, F, G;
Figure 42. the schematic diagram of a kind of PTC electric constant-temp cup and power socket combination.
The figure number explanation:
1. bowl cover; The cup inner cap; The cup inwall; The cup outer wall; 5.PTC electric constant-temp cup; 6. power line; The cup in the end part; 8.PTC heating element heater; 9. lead; The cup outer bottom spare; 11. annular electrode tip holder; 12. contre electrode seat; 13. power socket upper surface; 14. second electrode; 15. anti-skidding projection; 16. power socket bottom surface; 17. at the bottom of the power socket; 18. sluicing, passage; 19. first electrode; 20. hole; 21. column construction; 22. electrodes base; 23. short tube; 24. spring; 25. steel ball; 26. annular protrusion; 27. power socket; 28. annular electrode pole shoe; 29. screw; 30. contre electrode pole shoe; 31. screw; 32. automobile's cup holder; 33. nut; 34. cup handle; 35. cup inner bag; 36. wall of cup; 37. cup inwall; 38. heat-insulation layer; 39. the end in the plate-like metal; 40. carnival hat shape electrode; 41. spring leaf electrode; 42. electrode groove; 43. spring leaf; 44. columnar electrode; 45. plate electrode; 46. beverage is listened (pop can) bottom; 47. automobile power source plug; 48. power transformer; 49. attaching plug; 50. the cloudy socket of power supply; 51. show and holding circuit.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment one
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, PTC electric constant-temp cup 5 comprises glass part of the interior end 7, cup outer bottom spare 10, cup inwall 3, cup outer wall 4 and bowl cover 1 etc., and end part 7 adopts corrosion resistant plate in the cup, seven diameters are 20mm, thick 1.5mm, the downside of circular PTC heating element heater 8 end part 7 in cup by soldering or soldering, see Fig. 2.60 ± 5 ℃ of the surface temperatures of PTC heating element heater 8, operating voltage 12V.Cup outer bottom spare 10 adopts injection molding, the center of its underpart is a truncated cone-shaped projection contre electrode seat 12, the truncated cone-shaped contre electrode pole shoe 30 of contre electrode seat 12 lower ends adopts stainless steel, and this pole shoe is fixing with screw 31 by a through hole at cup outer bottom spare 10 centers.Be electrically connected with screw 31 and contre electrode pole shoe 30 after seven PTC heating element heater 8 downside electrode layer parallel connections.The periphery of cup outer bottom spare 10 protrudes downwards and forms and 12 one-tenth concentrically ringed annular electrode tip holders 11 of contre electrode seat, and the annular electrode pole shoe 28 of this electrode adopts stainless steel.Annular electrode pole shoe 28 adopts the adhesive bond screw to be connected with cup outer bottom spare 10.The bottom surface of the bottom surface of contre electrode pole shoe 30 and annular electrode pole shoe 28 is on same plane.The outside of annular electrode pole shoe 28 is welded with extension, 4 glasss of bottoms of cup outer wall electric resistance welding or is threaded, and has finished the electrical connection of last lateral electrode, part of the interior end of cup 7, cup outer wall 4 and the annular electrode pole shoe 28 of PTC heating element heater 8 at this point.
Wall of cup adopts the double-layer thin wall stainless steel structure of being made up of cup inwall 3 and cup outer wall 4, cavity vacuum-pumping or fill out insulation material.End part 7 adopts the corrosion resistant plate of same material in the cup, and its upper surface is welded to connect with cup inwall 3, and its periphery is welded to connect with cup outer wall 4, and cup outer wall 4 extends to the bottom surface of annular electrode pole shoe 28 downwards always.There is screw thread at the rim of a cup place, is used for fixing glass inner cap 2 and cup enclosing cover 1.
Power socket 27 is one the cylindrical bar of upper surface 13 and bottom surface 16 to be arranged, diameter adopts 78mm, can put into the cup 32 of automobile, power socket 27 upper surfaces 13 are parallel with bottom surface 16, and first electrode 19, second electrode 14 and annular protrusion 26 are arranged on the power socket upper surface 13.The cross section of annular protrusion 26 is trapezoidal, and its center of circle is concentric with upper surface 13.First electrode 19 is positioned on the upper surface 13 of ring inboard of annular protrusion 26, and second electrode 14 is positioned on the upper surface 13 in the ring outside of annular protrusion 26.Power socket upper surface 13, annular protrusion 26 adopts the plastics integrated injection moldings, and at the bottom of the power socket 17 and the other injection mo(u)lding of sidewall of described platform, both adopt bonding or screw connects.Sluicing, passage 18 are arranged on 17 at the bottom of the power socket, rubber antiskid projection 15 is arranged on the power socket bottom surface 16.First electrode 19 and second electrode 14 are respectively by a compression spring 24, a steel ball 25, one section short tube 23 and an electrodes base 22 are formed, one end and the electrodes base 22 of short tube 23 are welded to connect, compression spring 24 and steel ball 25 place in the short tube 23, the caliber of steel ball 25 1 sides of short tube 23 is inwardly compressed is enclosed in the short tube 23 part greater than 50% of described compression spring 24 and described steel ball 25, outside the remainder of steel ball 25 is exposed to, electrode places power socket upper surface 13 to be injection molded in the through hole 20 of template during installation, be exposed to outer steel ball 25 and protrude in upper surface 13, electrodes base 22 is fixed on 17 inboards at the bottom of the described power socket, and electrodes base 22 is electrically connected with power line 6.
First electrode 19 is placed on the upper surface 13 of the inboard power socket of described annular protrusion 26 rings, and the described electrode that protrudes in upper surface partly is positioned at the described annular protrusion 26 concentrically ringed centers of circle.Two second electrodes 14 are arranged symmetrically on the power socket upper surface 13 in the annular protrusion 26 ring outsides 14 electrical connections of two second electrodes.First electrode 19 and second electrode 14 are electrically connected with power supply 6.First electrode 19 or second electrode 14 with this type is defined as A type electrode for sake of convenience, and first electrode 19 and second electrode 14 are all used the power socket of this type electrode, is defined as AA type electrode supply seat.Above-mentioned PTC electric constant-temp cup 5 can be placed in easily and keep 60 ± 5 ℃ of constant temperature on the power socket 5.This power socket 27 both can be placed in the automobile's cup holder 32 and also can be placed on the desk.
Embodiment two
The difference of present embodiment and embodiment one is the fixed form of the contre electrode pole shoe 30 of glass outer bottom spare, as shown in Figure 3, screw 31 passes the truncated cone-shaped contre electrode pole shoe 30 of through hole and the through hole of cup outer bottom spare 10 and the nut 33 on its top and fixes, and is electrically connected with PTC heating element heater 8 downside electrode layers.This contre electrode seat 12 and contre electrode pole shoe 30 embodiments are defined as Type B.
Embodiment three
The difference of present embodiment and embodiment two is the contre electrode pole shoe 30 of glass outer bottom spare, and as shown in Figure 4, the shape of truncated cone-shaped contre electrode pole shoe 30 changes the round platform hull shape into from truncated cone-shaped, and the plastics round platform of contre electrode seat 12 and its coincide.This contre electrode seat 12 and contre electrode pole shoe 30 embodiments are defined as the C type.
Embodiment four
As shown in Figure 5, the difference of present embodiment and embodiment one is that contre electrode pole shoe 30 expands replacement contre electrode seat 12 to, the whole metal round platform that adopts, be installed in the circular groove at glass outer bottom spare 10 centers, screw 31 is fixed this round platform metal electrode by a through hole at cup outer bottom spare 10 centers, and this round platform pole terminal adopts aluminium through the machined moulding.This contre electrode seat 12 and contre electrode pole shoe 30 embodiments are defined as the D type.
Embodiment five
The difference of present embodiment and embodiment four is that the contre electrode pole shoe 30 that enlarges adopts the round platform shell structure, as shown in Figure 6, be installed in the circular groove at glass outer bottom spare 10 centers, the cap of screw 31 is welded in the round platform shell, through hole by cup outer bottom spare 10 centers is fixing with nut 33, and this round platform hull shape contre electrode pole shoe 30 adopts the corrosion resistant plate punch forming.This contre electrode seat 12 and contre electrode pole shoe 30 embodiments are defined as the E type.
Embodiment six
As shown in Figure 7, the difference of present embodiment and embodiment one is contre electrode seat 12 and contre electrode pole shoe 30 whole " straw hat shape " electrodes that adopt, should can adopt the adhesive bond screw fixings in a circular groove of cup outer bottom spare 10 with corrosion resistant plate or aluminium sheet drawing by " straw hat shape " electrode.This contre electrode seat 12 and contre electrode pole shoe 30 embodiments are defined as the F type.
Embodiment seven
As shown in Figure 8, the difference of present embodiment and embodiment six is contre electrode seat 12 and contre electrode pole shoe 30 " straw hat shape " electrode, should can adopt the adhesive bond screw fixings in a hole of cup outer bottom spare 10 with corrosion resistant plate or aluminium sheet drawing by " straw hat shape " electrode.This contre electrode seat 12 and contre electrode pole shoe 30 embodiments are defined as the G type.
Embodiment eight
As shown in Figure 9, the difference of present embodiment and embodiment one is that contre electrode pole shoe 30 adopts the nut of the bolt 31 of an Abnormal cap to serve as, bolt 31 passes the through hole of glass outer bottom spare 10 and the nut 33 on its top is fixed, the bolt 31 of this Abnormal cap adopts stainless steel material, and the diameter of its Abnormal cap is identical with the diameter of contre electrode pole shoe 30.This contre electrode seat 12 and contre electrode pole shoe 30 embodiments are defined as the H type.
The present invention is the embodiment of example explanation contre electrode seat 12 and contre electrode pole shoe 30 with embodiment one to eight only, and in fact adoptable contre electrode seat 12 and contre electrode pole shoe 30 are not limited to the cited B of the foregoing description, C, D, E, F, G or H mode.In addition, the structure of the other parts of the embodiment of contre electrode seat 12 and contre electrode pole shoe 30 and PTC electric constant-temp cup 5 there is no the mutual restriction relation, so, when the structure of other parts changes with respect to embodiment one, the respective change of contre electrode seat 12 all can correspondingly form new embodiment combination, but has not itemized here.
Embodiment nine
As shown in figure 10, the main difference point of present embodiment and embodiment one to eight is cup.End part 7 extends upward and forms inner bag 35 in the cup, and inner bag 35 adopts stainless steel or aluminium drawing or welding forming.The wall of cup 36 in inner bag 35 outsides adopts plastic material, is associated with cup on the wall of cup 36 34.Inner bag 35 turns up along the plastics rim of a cup at the rim of a cup place, has the bowl cover 1 of bubbler that the junction of rim of a cup place inner bag 35 with rim of a cup encased.Wall of cup 36 extends downward the upper surface of annular electrode pole shoe 28.The outside and the wall of cup 36 of cup outer bottom spare 10 is connected in that the extension of cup outer bottom spare is bonding.Inner bag 35 is electrically connected with annular electrode pole shoe 28 through lead 9, and lead 9 is bumped into wall of cup 36 in the extension of cup outer bottom spare, and inner bag 35 is adhesively fixed with wall of cup 36.
Embodiment ten
As shown in figure 11, the main difference point of present embodiment and embodiment nine is cup.Between plastics wall of cup 36 and inner bag 35, heat-insulation layer 38 is arranged.
Embodiment 11
As shown in figure 12, the main difference point of present embodiment and embodiment nine is cup inner bag 35 is reduced to the end 39 in the plate-like, its diameter greater than the part of cup inwall 37 by blow in wall of cup 36, this makes that whole wall of cup is a plastic material.
Embodiment 12
The wall of cup that is adopted in the foregoing description is the equal diameter wall of cup.For the capacity that increases cup does not influence again cup is not put into automobile's cup holder, can adopt to become the diameter wall of cup.As shown in figure 13, the main difference point of present embodiment and embodiment nine, ten and 11 is that wall of cup adopts the diameter change of increase formula gradually diameter wall of cup from bottom to top, adopt plastics wall of cup metal inner tube type, perhaps adopt end type in the plate-like metal, wall of cup all can adopt above-mentioned change diameter wall of cup.
Embodiment 13
As shown in figure 14, the main difference point of present embodiment and embodiment 12 is that wall of cup 36 is for being carried out the transition to the change diameter wall of cup of another diameter by a diameter, adopt the constant temperature cup of end type structure in plastics wall of cup metal inner tube type or the employing plate-like metal, wall of cup all can adopt above-mentioned change diameter wall of cup.
Embodiment 14
As shown in figure 15, the main difference point of present embodiment and embodiment 12 is, wall of cup is the change diameter wall of cup that is carried out the transition to another diameter by a diameter suddenly, employing plastics wall of cup metal inner tube type or employing plate-like metal type structure of the interior end, wall of cup all can adopt above-mentioned change diameter wall of cup.
Embodiment 15
As shown in figure 16, the main difference point of present embodiment and embodiment one to 14 is that first electrode 19 of power socket 27 or second electrode 14 be made up of a carnival hat shape electrode 40, a compression spring 24 and an electrodes base 22, this carnival hat shape electrode 40 connects one section cylinder with diameter by a hemisphere face and connects together that the anchor ring of internal diameter constitutes again, this carnival hat shape electrode 40 can be by the whole punch forming of steel plate, partial pressure spring 24 places in the carnival hat shape electrode 40, and the other end of compression spring 24 is fixed on the electrodes base 22.Electrode places upper surface to be injection molded in the through hole 20 of template during installation, and the hemisphere face of carnival hat shape electrode 40 partly protrudes in power socket upper surface 13, and electrodes base 22 is fixed on 17 inboards at the bottom of the described power socket, and electrodes base 22 is electrically connected with power lead 9.The electrode definition of this type is the Type B electrode, and first electrode 19 and second electrode 14 all adopt the power socket of this type electrode, is defined as BB type electrode supply seat.
Embodiment 16
As Figure 17, shown in 18 and 19, the main difference point of present embodiment and embodiment one to 14 is that first electrode 19 of power socket 27 or second electrode 14 are by a spring leaf electrode 41, screw 31 and nut 33 constitute, one end of this spring leaf electrode 41 has a hole, in the fixing electrode groove 42 identical on power socket upper surface 13 of screw 31 and nut 33 with these spring leaf electrode 41 shapes, the degree of depth of this electrode groove 42 is controlled at and makes screw 31 not exceed power socket upper surface 13 for spending, the other end perk of this spring leaf electrode 41, be higher than power socket upper surface 13, spring leaf electrode 41 is electrically connected with power lead 9 by screw 31 and nut 33.This electrode is during as first electrode 19, and its electrode groove 42 is clipped part annular protrusion 26, and this does not influence the function of annular protrusion 26.The electrode definition of this type is a C type electrode, and power socket is defined as CC type electrode supply seat.The advantage of this spring leaf electrode is that the thickness and the power socket upper surface of simple, easy processing, seat capable of reducing power source seals easily.
Embodiment 17
As shown in figure 20, the main difference point of present embodiment and embodiment 16 is that an end of spring leaf electrode 41 perks goes back in the hole 20 of its underpart in electrode groove 42 downwards, the part bending section of spring leaf electrode 41 exceeds power socket upper surface 13, sluicing, passage 18 is arranged on 17 at the bottom of the power socket.The electrode definition of this type is a D type electrode, and power socket is defined as DD type electrode supply seat.
Embodiment 18
As shown in figure 21, what present embodiment and embodiment one to 14 were different is that first electrode 19 or second electrode 14 are made of a spring leaf electrode 41 and a screw 31, one end of spring leaf electrode 41 has a hole, fixing or plastics stake rivet clasp is at the downside of described power socket upper surface integrated injection molding body with screw 31, can be fixed on as first electrode 19 on the column construction 21 of this integrated injection molding body downside, this spring leaf electrode 41 is nearly serpentine, the part of this serpentine spring leaf electrode 41 protrudes in power socket upper surface 13 through a through hole 20 of this upper surface integrated injection molding body, and spring leaf electrode 41 porose ends are electrically connected with power line 6.The electrode definition of this type is an E type electrode, and power socket is defined as EE type electrode supply seat.
Embodiment 19
As shown in figure 22, present embodiment and embodiment 18 are different is that first electrode 19 or second electrode 14 are by a spring leaf 43, one columnar electrode 44, screw 31 and screw 29 constitute, one end of columnar electrode 44 is hemisphere face, the other end is that a screwed hole or a riveted joint are outstanding, the two ends of spring leaf 43 are porose, wherein an end with described screw 31 fixing or plastics stake rivet clasp at the downside of described power socket upper surface integrated injection molding body, can be fixed on as first electrode 19 on the column construction 21 of this integrated injection molding body downside, the other end is connected with columnar electrode 44 usefulness screws 29 or rivets, the hemisphere face part via through holes 20 of the columnar electrode 44 with spring leaf 34 after fixing protrudes in power socket upper surface 13, and spring leaf 43 is electrically connected with power line 6.The electrode definition of this type is a F type electrode, and power socket is defined as FF type electrode supply seat.
Embodiment 20
As shown in figure 23, present embodiment and embodiment one to 14 different are that second electrode 14 is one to cover the plate electrode 45 on the belt power socket upper surface 13 in full annular projection 26 outsides, the height of its upper surface is concordant with the height of power socket upper surface 13, material adopts stainless steel or aluminium sheet, adopt the mode of the combination of bonding and anchor to be fixed on the described power socket, and be electrically connected with power line 6.The advantage of plate electrode is simple, attractive in appearance and is electrically connected reliable.Flat pole is defined as G type electrode, and this power socket is defined as AG type electrode supply seat.
Embodiment 21
As shown in figure 24, present embodiment and embodiment 15 different are that second electrode 14 is one to cover the plate electrode 45 on the belt power socket upper surface 13 in full annular projection 26 outsides, the height of its upper surface is concordant with the height of power socket upper surface 13, material adopts stainless steel or aluminium sheet, adopt mode bonding and the anchor combination to be fixed on the described power socket, and be electrically connected with power line.Flat pole is defined as G type electrode, and this power socket is defined as BG type electrode supply seat.
Embodiment 22
As shown in figure 25, present embodiment is the plate electrode 45 of the belt power socket upper surface 13 in a covering full annular projection 26 outsides with different second electrodes 14 that are of embodiment 16, the height of its upper surface is concordant with the height of power socket upper surface 13, material adopts stainless steel or aluminium sheet, adopt mode bonding and the anchor combination to be fixed on the described power socket, and be electrically connected with power line.Flat pole is defined as G type electrode, and this power socket is defined as CG type electrode supply seat.
Embodiment 23
As shown in figure 26, present embodiment is the plate electrode 45 of the belt power socket upper surface 13 in a covering full annular projection 26 outsides with different second electrodes 14 that are of embodiment 17, the height of its upper surface is concordant with the height of power socket upper surface 13, material adopts stainless steel or aluminium sheet, adopt the mode of the combination of bonding and anchor to be fixed on the described power socket, and be electrically connected with power line.This power socket is defined as DG type electrode supply seat.
Embodiment 24
As shown in figure 27, present embodiment is the plate electrode 45 of the belt power socket upper surface 13 in a covering full annular projection 26 outsides with different second electrodes 14 that are of embodiment 18, the height of its upper surface is concordant with the height of power socket upper surface 13, material adopts stainless steel or aluminium sheet, adopt the mode of the combination of bonding and anchor to be fixed on the described power socket, and be electrically connected with power line.This power socket is defined as EG type electrode supply seat.
Embodiment 25
As shown in figure 28, present embodiment is the plate electrode 45 of the belt power socket upper surface 13 in a covering full annular projection 26 outsides with different second electrodes 14 that are of embodiment 19, the height of its upper surface is concordant with the height of power socket upper surface 13, material adopts stainless steel or aluminium sheet, adopt the mode of the combination of bonding and anchor to be fixed on the described power socket, and be electrically connected with power line.This power socket is defined as FG type electrode supply seat.
Enumerated A~G kind power socket first electrode 19 or the embodiment of second electrode 14 and their combination in the foregoing description, but that the present invention adoptable first electrode 19 or second electrode 14 in reality is implemented are not limited to the foregoing description is cited.
Embodiment 26
With reference to Figure 29, present embodiment is semicircle with the different section configurations of annular protrusion 26 that are of embodiment one to 25, this annular protrusion 26 can be held by the cannelure of PTC electric constant-temp cup 5 bottoms.Its function one is to be used for guiding the contre electrode seat 12 of glass outer bottom spare and annular electrode tip holder 11 accurately in place; The 2nd, the foreign matter (listening 46 as beverage) that is used for preventing to conduct electricity causes power supply short circuit.Figure 29 is mainly used to illustrate the section configuration of annular protrusion 45.
Embodiment 27
With reference to Figure 30, present embodiment is that with the different of embodiment one to 25 section configuration of annular protrusion 26 is a triangle, and this annular protrusion 26 can be held by the cannelure of PTC electric constant-temp cup 5 bottoms.Figure 30 is mainly used to illustrate the section configuration of annular protrusion 26.
Embodiment 28
With reference to Figure 31, present embodiment is that with the different of embodiment one to 25 section of annular protrusion 26 is inboard for the trapezoidal outside is a circular arc type, and this annular protrusion 26 can be held by the cannelure of PTC electric constant-temp cup 5 bottoms.Figure 31 is mainly used to illustrate the section configuration of annular protrusion 26.
Embodiment 29
With reference to Figure 32, present embodiment is that with the different of embodiment one to 25 section of annular protrusion 26 is inboard for the circular arc outside is trapezoidal, and this annular protrusion 26 can be held by the cannelure of PTC electric constant-temp cup 5 bottoms.Figure 32 is mainly used to illustrate the section configuration of annular protrusion 26.
Embodiment 30
With reference to Figure 33, present embodiment is that with the different of embodiment one to 25 section of annular protrusion 26 is inboard for the trapezoidal outside is the rectangle chamfering, and this annular protrusion 26 can be held by the cannelure of PTC electric constant-temp cup 5 bottoms.Figure 33 is mainly used to illustrate the section configuration of annular protrusion 26.
Enumerated the section configuration of annular protrusion 26 in the foregoing description, it is cited that the section configuration of the present invention's adoptable annular protrusion 26 in reality is implemented is not limited to the foregoing description, unlisted as combination that rectangle chamfering and circular arc are still arranged etc.
Embodiment 31
With reference to Figure 34, the different power sockets 27 that are of present embodiment and embodiment one to 30 are electrically connected with automobile power source plug 47 by power line 6, the attaching plug 47 automobile 12V/24V power supply of can pegging graft, and Figure 34 only is provided to show the connected mode of power line 6.This example is defined as power socket electric power system mode A.
Embodiment 32
With reference to Figure 35, present embodiment is electrically connected with the 12/24V output stage of transformer 48 by power line 61 with the different power sockets 27 that are of embodiment 31, the input stage of transformer 48 is the 110/220V electric main.This example is defined as power socket electric power system mode B.
Embodiment 33
As shown in figure 36, present embodiment is with the different of embodiment 32, is in series with K switch on the power line 6 that the secondary and power socket 27 of transformer 48 (first electrode 19 and second electrode 14) is electrically connected.Also be in series with fuse F on this circuit, because the electrode on the power socket is exposed outside, exist by the possibility of short circuit, fuse can be protected the safety of power supply.Also be parallel with on this circuit and be used for the LED 1 of connection of display power supply, this light emitting diode is in series with current-limiting resistance R1; Also be in series with on this circuit and be used for the LED 2 of display circuit size of current, this light emitting diode is parallel with shunt resistance R2, is in series with current-limiting resistance R3.LED 2 is used for the size of display circuit electric current qualitatively, it is bigger that this light emitting diode is lighted the explanation operating current, the temperature of PTC constant temperature cup 5 does not reach the temperature constant point as yet, otherwise the explanation operating current is smaller, and the temperature of PTC constant temperature cup 5 has reached or near the temperature constant point.Above-mentioned electronic component, fuse F, K switch can together be installed in a metal or the plastic housing with transformer 48; Also can be installed on 27 power lines 6 of transformer 48 and power socket one independently in metal or the plastic housing; Electronic component and fuse F can also be installed in the inside (light emitting diode externally shows) of power socket 27; Electronic component can also be installed between glass outer bottom spare 10 and the part of the interior end 7 or in the wall of cup.This example is defined as power socket electric power system mode C.
33 of embodiment can be decomposed into several embodiment, as, only adopt K switch; Adopt K switch to add fuse F; Adopt K switch, fuse F, LED 1 and current-limiting resistance R1, in this sense, present embodiment can be interpreted as the combination of four embodiment, for simplifying, the circuit that said elements is formed is enumerated as an implementation column, but the embodiment that only adopts part said elements and function still within the scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 34
As shown in figure 37, present embodiment is that with the different of embodiment 33 transformer 48 is replaced by automobile power source plug 47, and the 12V/24V alternating current changes the 12V/24V direct current into.This example is defined as power socket electric power system mode D.
Embodiment 35
As shown in figure 38,34 different being of present embodiment and embodiment, automobile power source plug 47 and foregoing circuit direct be connected to change into through attaching plug 49 and the cloudy socket 50 of power supply be connected, can make this power-supply system be applicable to different power supplys easily like this.This example is defined as power socket electric power system mode E.
Embodiment 36
As shown in figure 39, present embodiment is with the different of embodiment 33, transformer 48 and foregoing circuit direct is connected to change into through attaching plug 49 and the cloudy socket 50 of power supply be connected, and can make this power-supply system be applicable to different power supplys easily like this.This example is defined as power socket electric power system mode F.
Embodiment 37
As shown in figure 40, present embodiment is with the different of embodiment 35, it all is the connection of attaching plug 49 that automobile power source plug 47 and power line 6 and being connected of attaching plug 49 are become power line 6 both sides, thereby the power supply that power socket 27 is suitable for is not limited only to automobile power source and 110V/220V civil power, also applicable to the power supply in other place, as the AC/DC power supply of available 6-36V such as train, steamer, aircraft, solar cell, small generator.Because the PTC heating element heater has very strong adaptability to voltage,, be influential to heating power so supply voltage in the range of 6-36V, and adopts that to exchange that still to be dc source all influence the temperature constant point of PTC element very little.This example is defined as power socket electric power system mode G.
Embodiment 38
As shown in figure 41, different being of present embodiment and embodiment 35,36 and 37, adopt E, F and three kinds of power socket electric power systems of G mode simultaneously, promptly provide simultaneously: attaching plug 49-power line 6-attaching plug 49, attaching plug 49-power line 6-automobile power source plug 47 and attaching plug 49-power line 6-power transformer 48 adaptive connectors only need simple plug just can utilize obtainable power supply to be the power supply of PTC electric constant-temp cup.
Embodiment 39
Because specification is the narrating mode that changes gradually to the embodiment employing, the identical technical characterictic of different embodiment is omitted in the process of narration.One of embodiment that recommends for the present invention shown in Figure 42, wall of cup 36 is the plastics wall of cup that diameter increases from bottom to top gradually, adopt corrosion-resistant metal materials cup inner bag 35, seven PTC heating element heaters 8 with identical or close constant temperature parameter are welded in glass downside of part of the interior end 7, contre electrode pole shoe 30 adopts Abnormal cap screw 31, annular electrode pole shoe 28 adopts adhesive bond screw ways of connecting to be fixed on annular electrode tip holder 11 bottoms, it is semicircular annular protrusion 26 that power socket 25 adopts section, first electrode 19 adopts carnival hat shape electrode, and second electrode 14 adopts plate electrode 45.
Although described a plurality of embodiment, those skilled in the art will know from specify and recognize that the present invention can also have other embodiment that above specifying illustrates and described example embodiment of the present invention.Will appreciate that as people the present invention can make amendment in all fields, all such modifications do not exceed the spirit and scope of the present invention.Therefore, it is exemplary that accompanying drawing and specifying be considered to be, rather than restrictive.

Claims (18)

1, a kind of PTC electric constant-temp container comprises vessel, power socket, power-supply system and at least one PTC heating element heater; End part and outer bottom spare in described vessel comprises, should be made of metal by part of the interior end, one lateral electrode layer of described PTC heating element heater is connected with heat conduction with the conduction that is connected in the part outside, the described interior end, it is characterized in that: described outer bottom spare is provided with contre electrode seat and annular electrode seat, this contre electrode seat seat is one to be positioned at the projection of described container outer bottom central authorities, this annular electrode seat is an annular table shape projection around described contre electrode seat, constitute a cannelure between two projectioies, described contre electrode seat and annular electrode seat bottom is equipped with the electrode pole shoe of conduction respectively, and described PTC heating element heater both sides electrode layer is electrically connected with electrode pole shoe on described contre electrode seat and the annular electrode seat respectively; Described power socket has a upper surface, this upper surface has an annular protrusion, be provided with first electrode in this annular protrusion, the annular upper surface in the described annular protrusion outside is provided with at least one second electrode, described first electrode and second electrode be the electric connection of power supply system respectively, when being positioned over vessel on the described power socket, the cannelure of described outer bottom spare can hold the annular protrusion of this power socket, and the electrode pole shoe on described contre electrode seat seat and the annular electrode seat leans on first electrode and at least one second electrode paste respectively and formation is electrically connected.
2, electric constant-temp container according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the constant temperature parameter that each PTC heating element heater is had should be identical or close and be connected in parallel that the temperature constant point of described PTC heating element heater is in 40-99 ℃ scope.
3, electric constant-temp container according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described contre electrode pole shoe and described annular electrode pole shoe be in same base plane bottom, described contre electrode pole shoe and described annular electrode pole shoe adopt a kind of or other corrosion resistant metal in stainless steel, brass, the aluminium or the metal of corrosion-resistant surface coating are arranged, adopt bonding, screw attachment, anchor or arbitrarily both combination be connected with the annular electrode tip holder with described contre electrode seat seat respectively.
4, electric constant-temp container according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise and the separable container cover of chamber wall, the space that the end part and chamber wall are surrounded in described can be used to hold need be by the article of constant temperature, chamber wall adopts double-layer thin wall stainless steel, end part adopts stainless steel in the described container, described double-layer thin wall stainless steel chamber wall institute sealed space vacuumizes insulation or fill insulant material, described outer bottom spare is threaded with the extension of stainless steel outer wall at container bottom, or the stainless steel outer wall is welded to connect at the extension and the annular electrode pole shoe of container bottom.
5, electric constant-temp container according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise and the separable container cover of chamber wall, wherein end part extends upward and forms the container inner bag in the container, adopt corrosion-resistant metal materials, the space that this container inner bag is surrounded can be used to hold need be by the article of constant temperature, described chamber wall adopts plastic material, the reducing shape that filling or filled heat insulating material not between chamber wall and the described container inner bag, described chamber wall and inner bag diameter adopt reducing shape that equal diameter, diameter increase gradually or diameter to increase suddenly at the middle part from bottom to top; On the described chamber wall handle is arranged, described outer bottom spare and chamber wall are connected in that the extension of container bottom is bonding.
6, electric constant-temp container according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise and the separable container cover of chamber wall, described chamber wall adopts plastic material, end part adopts the plate-like metallic plate to stretch out also welding in described plastic container wall in the container, or adopt O shape ring and chamber wall to seal, the space that end part is surrounded in described chamber wall and the described container can be used to hold need be by the article of constant temperature, the reducing shape that described chamber wall diameter adopts reducing shape that equal diameter, diameter increase gradually or diameter to increase suddenly at the middle part from bottom to top; On the described chamber wall handle is arranged, described outer bottom spare and chamber wall are connected in that the extension of container bottom is bonding.
7, electric constant-temp container according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described power socket is one the cylindricality platform of upper surface and bottom surface to be arranged, its upper surface is parallel with the bottom surface, diameter is not more than the internal diameter of the cup in most of automobile, make power socket can put into the cup of most of automobile, described power socket upper surface, the sidewall of annular protrusion and described platform adopts injection molding, the other injection mo(u)lding in described power socket bottom surface, or described power socket upper surface, annular protrusion adopts the plastics integrated injection molding, the other injection mo(u)lding of the sidewall of described power socket bottom surface and described platform, both adopt bonding or screw connects, described power socket has sluicing on the bottom surface, passage or do not box out, rubber or the anti-skidding projection of plastics are arranged at the bottom, bottom surface.
8, electric constant-temp container according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described first electrode or second electrode are made up of a compression spring, a steel ball, one section short tube and an electrodes base, one end of short tube is welded on the electrodes base, compression spring and steel ball are enclosed in the short tube by the mode with undergauge, outside the part steel ball is exposed to, electrode places upper surface to be injection molded in the through hole of template during installation, be exposed to outer steel ball and protrude in upper surface, electrodes base is fixed on inboard, described power socket bottom surface, and described electrodes base is electrically connected with power lead.
9, electric constant-temp container according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described first electrode or second electrode are made up of a carnival hat shape electrode, a compression spring and an electrodes base, this carnival hat shape electrode connects one section cylinder with diameter by a hemisphere face and connects together that the anchor ring of internal diameter constitutes again, the partial pressure spring places in the carnival hat shape electrode, and the other end of compression spring is fixed on the electrodes base.Electrode places upper surface to be injection molded in the through hole of template during installation, and the hemisphere face of carnival hat shape electrode partly protrudes in upper surface, and electrodes base is fixed on inboard, described power socket bottom surface, and electrodes base is electrically connected with power lead.
10, electric constant-temp container according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described first electrode or second electrode are made of a spring foil metal and a screw, one end of this spring foil metal has a hole, be fixed in the groove identical on the described power socket upper surface with described screw with this spring metal plate shape, the other end perk of this spring foil metal, be higher than described power socket upper surface, porose end of described sheet metal and screw are electrically connected with power lead.
11, electric constant-temp container according to claim 10 is characterized in that: an end of described spring foil metal perk is gone back to downwards in the hole of its underpart on the power socket upper surface again, and porose end of described sheet metal and screw are electrically connected with power lead.
12, electric constant-temp container according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described first electrode or second electrode are made of a spring foil metal and a screw, one end of this spring foil metal has a hole, with described screw fix or plastics stake rivet clasp at the downside of described power socket upper surface injection-molded article, this spring foil metal is nearly serpentine, the part of this serpentine spring foil metal protrudes in upper surface through a through hole of this upper surface integrated injection molding body, and the porose end of described spring foil metal is electrically connected with power lead.
13, electric constant-temp container according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described first electrode or second electrode are by a spring foil metal, a screw and a cylindric electrode constitute, the two ends of this spring foil metal are porose, wherein an end fix with described screw or plastics stake rivet clasp at the downside of described power socket upper surface injection-molded article, the other end is connected, rivets or weld with this columnar electrode screw, this cylindric electrode protrudes in upper surface through a through hole of upper surface injection-molded article, and the stiff end of described spring foil metal is electrically connected with power lead.
14, electric constant-temp container according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described second electrode is on the annular upper surface of the power socket in the described annular protrusion ring outside and the corresponding plate electrode of described annular electrode, the height of this plate electrode upper surface is the height of the upper surface of described power socket, this plate electrode adopts a kind of or other corrosion resistant metal in stainless steel, brass, the aluminium or the metal of corrosion-resistant surface coating is arranged, and that described plate electrode adopts is bonding, anchor, screw or appoint the mode of both combinations to be fixed on the described power socket.
15, according to the described electric constant-temp container of claim 7 to 14, it is characterized in that: the section configuration of described annular protrusion is the annular protrusion section configuration that the combination of trapezoidal, semicircle, triangle, the trapezoidal and rectangle of chamfering, semicircle and trapezoidal combination or other can be held by outer bottom spare cannelure.
16, electric constant-temp container according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described power-supply system comprises automobile cigarette lighter attaching plug or power transformer, described automobile cigarette lighter attaching plug connects the 12V/24V car direct current power supply, the power transformer input terminal voltage is 220V/110V, and output end voltage is equal to or less than 36V; Be in series with switch and fuse on the circuit of described connection first electrode and second electrode, be parallel with and be used for the light emitting diode of connection of display power supply, this light emitting diode is in series with current-limiting resistance, be in series with and be used for the light emitting diode of display circuit size of current, this light emitting diode is parallel with shunt resistance, is in series with current-limiting resistance.
17, electric constant-temp container according to claim 16, it is characterized in that: described power supply one side of leaning on that is connected with the circuit of switch, fuse and light emitting diode is connected with cloudy socket through a pair of plug, change the plug-in unit that is connected with automobile cigarette lighter attaching plug or power transformer respectively that inserts, can make the constant temperature electric heating system be applicable to automobile or mains supply respectively, the cable that two ends all connect attaching plug is applicable to the power supply in other place that same voltage can be provided.
18, electric constant-temp container according to claim 16, it is characterized in that: the light emitting diode in parallel of described switch, fuse, indication power supply, the series connection light emitting diode of indicator current, resistance or power supply transfer socket all can be encapsulated in the etui or be encapsulated in the power socket, wherein, the series connection light emitting diode of the light emitting diode in parallel of indication power supply, indicator current and corresponding resistance can be installed in the vessel in addition.
CNA2008100579199A 2008-02-20 2008-02-20 PTC electric constant temperature container Pending CN101513317A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008100579199A CN101513317A (en) 2008-02-20 2008-02-20 PTC electric constant temperature container

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CNA2008100579199A CN101513317A (en) 2008-02-20 2008-02-20 PTC electric constant temperature container

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CNA2008100579199A Pending CN101513317A (en) 2008-02-20 2008-02-20 PTC electric constant temperature container

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102783869A (en) * 2012-07-24 2012-11-21 罗嗣雄 Teacup for children
CN103637678A (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-03-19 浙江绍兴苏泊尔生活电器有限公司 Electric kettle
CN105757968A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-07-13 武汉华星光电技术有限公司 Constant-temperature chemical liquid control device
CN106388656A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-02-15 安徽理工大学 Electrical heating constant temperature seasoning tank
CN109965712A (en) * 2017-12-27 2019-07-05 美的集团股份有限公司 The processing method of cup body component, electric kettle, blender and cup body component
CN110141126A (en) * 2018-02-11 2019-08-20 美的集团股份有限公司 Cup assembly and food cooking machine
CN110313823A (en) * 2019-07-27 2019-10-11 李瑞军 Vehicle-mounted electric heating cup

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102783869A (en) * 2012-07-24 2012-11-21 罗嗣雄 Teacup for children
CN103637678A (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-03-19 浙江绍兴苏泊尔生活电器有限公司 Electric kettle
CN103637678B (en) * 2013-12-06 2016-10-05 浙江绍兴苏泊尔生活电器有限公司 Electric kettle
CN105757968A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-07-13 武汉华星光电技术有限公司 Constant-temperature chemical liquid control device
CN105757968B (en) * 2016-03-30 2018-09-04 武汉华星光电技术有限公司 A kind of liquid thermostatically-controlled equipment
US10517145B2 (en) 2016-03-30 2019-12-24 Wuhan China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd. Chemical liquid thermostat control device
CN106388656A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-02-15 安徽理工大学 Electrical heating constant temperature seasoning tank
CN109965712A (en) * 2017-12-27 2019-07-05 美的集团股份有限公司 The processing method of cup body component, electric kettle, blender and cup body component
CN110141126A (en) * 2018-02-11 2019-08-20 美的集团股份有限公司 Cup assembly and food cooking machine
CN110313823A (en) * 2019-07-27 2019-10-11 李瑞军 Vehicle-mounted electric heating cup

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Application publication date: 20090826