CN101508539A - Polymer glue powder and method of use thereof - Google Patents

Polymer glue powder and method of use thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101508539A
CN101508539A CNA200910131401XA CN200910131401A CN101508539A CN 101508539 A CN101508539 A CN 101508539A CN A200910131401X A CNA200910131401X A CN A200910131401XA CN 200910131401 A CN200910131401 A CN 200910131401A CN 101508539 A CN101508539 A CN 101508539A
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kilograms
agent
water
winter
summer
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CN101508539B (en
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李藏柱
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李藏柱
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Abstract

The invention discloses polymer emulsion powder, which is characterized in that the polymer emulsion powder consists of an adhesive, a water retention agent (controlling the using amount according to the change of seasons), wood fiber, polypropylene tension fiber, a thixotropic lubricant, a water reducing agent (using in winter), an air entraining agent, an early strength admixture (using in winter), a waterproof agent, a retarder (used in summer), a defoaming agent, and silica fume. A proportioning method for the polymer emulsion powder is to use and add the early strength admixture and the water reducing agent in winter and to add the retarder in summer. The invention is water soluble macromolecular re-dispersible emulsion powder. The emulsion powder is selected from a plurality of polymer material colloids, added with a plurality of auxiliary agents such as the water retention agent, an anti-cracking agent and the like, according to a scientific formulation after high temperature, drying, copolymerization and grinding, prepared through an advanced mixing process, and widely used for cement based, lime-based, gypsum-based and dry-mixed mortar additives.

Description

Polymer glue powder and application method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of building or finishing rubber powder, the application method of particularly a kind of polymer glue powder and polymer glue powder thereof.
Background technology
Known industrial rubber powder, as China Patent No.: 200510044238.5 macromolecular water-soluble gelatin powders, a kind of macromolecular water-soluble gelatin powder is disclosed, be to mix for 5 parts and form by 1 part of polyvinyl alcohol, polyoxyethylene 1-5 part, Vltra tears.China Patent No. and for example: 02115787.1 patent of invention, disclose a kind of macromolecular water-soluble gelatin powder tackiness agent, weighed in proportion and mix by guar gum, hydroxypropyl sesbania gum powder, xanthan gum, carboxymethyl starch, methylcellulose gum, inorganic gel, sodium polyacrylate, borax.
This rubber powder can replace 107 glue, modified starch adhesive, modified-cellulose and ripe rubber powder etc.
Polymkeric substance is the formal name used at school of plastics.Various plastic material is arranged on the market.Plastic material is based on high molecular (molecule that promptly has a large amount of atoms).Typical molecule is that typical polymer of water or polymkeric substance then are polyethylene.Most polymers all uses hydrogen (polyethylene), chlorine (PVC), fluorine (ETFE, PVDF, special teflon) or other molecule to make up on carbochain.
Thermoplastic materials is fusible polymkeric substance.Most plastics all have this characteristic.Polymer chain is in a single day cross-linked, will have hard plastic characteristic or rubber elastomer characteristics, and the material of these types can not melt all.
Polymer glue powder also is the redispersible type rubber powder of a kind of water-soluble polymer.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of polymer glue powder and application method thereof.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows: a kind of polymer glue powder, form by binding agent (tackiness agent), water-holding agent (according to seasonal variation control usage quantity), wood fibre, polypropylene pulling force fiber, thixotroping lubricant, water reducer (use in winter), air entrapment agent, hardening accelerator (use in winter), water-resisting agent, retardant (use in summer), defoamer, silicon ash.
A kind of polymer glue powder is made by matching method per ton,
Best proportioning:
Binding agent (tackiness agent): 625 kilograms
Water-holding agent (according to seasonal variation control usage quantity): 70~120 kg
Wood fibre: 75 kilograms
Polypropylene pulling force fiber: 22 kilograms
Thixotroping lubricant: 50 kilograms
Water reducer (use in winter): 12.5 kilograms
Air entrapment agent: 0.5 kilogram
Hardening accelerator (use in winter): 50 kilograms
Water-resisting agent: 25 kilograms
Retardant (use in summer): 2.5 kilograms
Defoamer: 12.5 kilograms
Silicon ash: 50 kilograms
Optimum ratio:
500~750 kilograms of binding agents (tackiness agent)
Water-holding agent (according to seasonal variation control usage quantity): 50~150 kilograms
Wood fibre: 50~150 kilograms
Polypropylene pulling force fiber: 15~35 kilograms
Thixotroping lubricant: 30~80 kilograms
Water reducer (use in winter): 8~20 kilograms
Air entrapment agent: 0.025~0.6 kilogram
Hardening accelerator (use in winter): 4~30 kilograms
Water-resisting agent: 20~30 kilograms
Retardant (use in summer): 2.5~50 kilograms
Defoamer: 12.5~50 kilograms
Silicon ash: 30~100 kilograms
General proportioning:
60~800 kilograms of binding agents (tackiness agent)
Water-holding agent (according to seasonal variation control usage quantity): 40~180 kilograms
Wood fibre: 40~180 kilograms
Polypropylene pulling force fiber: 10~40 kilograms
Thixotroping lubricant: 20~100 kilograms
Water reducer (use in winter): 5~30 kilograms
Air entrapment agent: 0.015~1 kilogram
Hardening accelerator (use in winter): 3~35 kilograms
Water-resisting agent: 10~50 kilograms
Retardant (use in summer): 1~60 kilogram
Defoamer: 10~60 kilograms
Silicon ash: 10~150 kilograms
Matching method of the present invention adds hardening accelerator and water reducer as using in the winter time, adds retardant when summer.
The present invention is the redispersible type rubber powder of a kind of water-soluble polymer.This rubber powder is selected multiple macromolecular material colloid for use, and is through high temperature, drying, copolymerization, grinding, press scientific formula and add multiple auxiliary agents such as water-holding agent, anti-fissuring agent, formulated through advanced person's hybrid technique.Be widely used in cement based, lime base, gypsum base, dry-mixed mortar additive.
Application method
Prepare with polymer glue powder: adhesive mortar; Plastering mortar; Ceramic tile bond; It is as follows to fill a prescription:
Reference formulation:
Adhesive mortar
Composition Ratio (weight ratio) unit (kg) Unit price (unit)
42.5 ordinary Portland cement 500
Quartz sand (washed-out sand) (40-120 order) 500
Polymer glue powder 40-50
Plastering mortar
Composition Ratio (weight ratio) unit (kg)
42.5 ordinary Portland cement 400
Quartz sand (washed-out sand) (40-120 order) 600
Polymer glue powder 40-50
Annotate: the soil that contains of control sand is measured amount of water 20% -25%.
Ceramic tile bond
Title Quantity (kg) Unit price (unit)
42.5R cement 400
Coarse whiting 50
Quartz sand (washed-out sand) (40-120 order) 550
Polymer glue powder 40-50
More than prescription is true and reliable, but does not get rid of the place of production or the different final Effect on Performance to product of quality that have with other raw materials.For avoiding causing unnecessary loss, before production, to test earlier, and detect production again by country.Thereby obtain the most reliable manufacturing parameter of your needed the best.
The present invention has speed water-soluble, good dispersity, nontoxic, free from extraneous odour, environmental protection.In the dry-mixed mortar production process, interpolation is convenient, the proportioning controllability is good, the accuracy height.Mix easily and disperse, steady quality saves time, the saving of labor, has reduced production cost significantly.
Embodiment
Binding agent (tackiness agent):
Binding agent can be selected for use: redispersable latex powder replaces, and tackiness agent is the material with viscosity, two kinds of isolating materials can be linked together by its viscosity.Can improve material adhesive property and force of cohesion, reduce the Young's modulus of formed material, the elasticity of strongthener and flexural strength, improve the shock-resistance and the patience of material, reduce the water-retentivity in water-intake rate and the use, during addition 25-30kg, insulation breakage rate 100%, when being lower than 25kg, the warming plate breakage rate reduces.Described tackiness agent is one of most important subsidiary material, uses very extensive in package handling.
Water-holding agent:
Water-holding agent can be selected for use: Vltra tears (HPMC), methyl cellulose ether (MC) replace, and what keep that moisture content do not run off is very capable, plays better thickening property and close-burning effect, can form transparent, pliable and tough, resilient film.Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) is used with fiber ethers water-holding agent, improves the snappiness of mortar and building materials of gypsum, water-retentivity, improve cohesive strength, can reduce the friction of mortar and strengthen task performance and quality, prevent the grieshoch cracking, come off, increase adhesion strength and smoothness.
Wood fibre:
Wood fibre, thickening, enhancing improve thixotropy, and sag resistance improves stability, strengthens anti-the contraction and splitting resistance.Water conservation and prolongation open hour.
Polypropylene fibre:
Polypropylene fibre be a kind of be main raw material with the polypropylene, the high strength pencil monfil that forms with unique production technique manufacturing.Add the microfracture that factors such as can effectively controlling the solid plastic shrinkage of concrete (mortar), drying shrinkage, temperature variation in concrete or the mortar causes, prevent and restrain fissured formation and development, improve concrete anti-cracking impervious performance greatly, shock resistance and shock resistance, can be used in underground project waterproof widely, the roofing of industrial civil building engineering, body of wall, terrace, pond, vault etc., and in road and the bridge construction.
The thixotroping lubricant:
The thixotroping lubricant is a kind of high-quality, has active sheet silicate material, and it is a kind of additive that is suitable for the dry mash system.Also expand in its easy molten water and disperse to form stable colloid.And can control viscosity, surrender degree, stability and application property.
Water reducer:
Water reducer is meant under concrete workability and cement consumption permanence condition, can reduce the mixing water amount, improve concrete strength; Or under workability and intensity permanence condition, save the admixture of cement consumption.
According to its diminishing and enhancing ability, be divided into ordinary water-reducing agent (claim not only fluidizer) and high efficiency water reducing agent (but also claiming superplasticizer).
Be divided into by composition material: the plain Sulfonates of (1) water quality; (2) Ppolynuclear aromatic salt; (3) water soluble resin Sulfonates.
Air entrapment agent:
Make and mix to doubt native mixture introducing air and form the admixture of micro-bubble when stirring.The composition of overwhelming majority air entrapment agent is rosin derivative and various sulfonate, and as alkyl sodium sulfonate, sodium alkyl benzene sulfonate, volume commonly used is 50~500ppm of cement weight.Air entrapment agent is mainly used in the demanding structure of frost resistance, the position of easily enduring cold as big area such as concrete dam, road surface, bridge floor, road, drome faces.
Hardening accelerator:
Hardening accelerator also claims setting accelerator, is the admixture that shortens time of coagulation, improves early strength.Its principal item has villaumite, vitriol, nitrate, carbonate, formate etc., and volume is 1~2% of a cement consumption.In addition, adopt trolamine and hardening accelerator compound, then early potent fruit is better.Hardening accelerator is mainly used in construction under the cold condition, or mortar is had the early strong engineering that requires.
Water-resisting agent:
Technical characteristic
The sulphoaluminate expander component of this product has the compensation concrete and shrinks the effect that reaches cracking resistance; Concrete is 14 days limited expansion rate 〉=0.015% of maintenance in water, and general water-resisting agent can only be impervious, can not cracking resistance;
The high efficiency water reducing agent component of this product has the concrete of reduction water-cement ratio, increases the workability and the degree of compactness of concrete, further reduces the concrete shrinking percentage, fills up the concrete interior porosity, reaches the effect that improves impervious grade and ultimate compression strength;
This product is with the construction seasons difference, and components such as compound retardant have the concrete of reduction hydration heat, avoid temperature difference crack, thereby builds prevention of mass concrete, the summer time concrete of constructing, or mixes hardening accelerator or antifreezing agent and can build winter committee strong freeze proof cracking resistance concrete early.Retardant:
Delay concrete coagulating time and later strength is not had the admixture of obvious influence.Main component is polyol, hydroxycarboxylate and derivative thereof, high sugared sulfonated lignin, because of it has water-reduction concurrently, also claims retardation water reducing agent.In addition, some inorganic salt such as zinc chloride, borate, various phosphoric acid salt also have delayed coagulation, 5. improve the admixture of weather resistance: air entrapment agent, water-resisting agent, rust-preventive agent etc.
Defoamer:
Defoamer helps to discharge the bubble that institute carries secretly or produces in mortar mixing and the construction process, improves ultimate compression strength, improves condition of surface.The powdery defoamer that is just using in dry-mix at present mainly is polyalcohols and polysiloxane etc.
Bubble is non-stabilising system, and some material also has the froth breaking effect under dissolved state.
The silicon ash:
Because its high compactness energy, effectively impermeable, the anti-erosion has impact resistance.
The present invention uses binding agent, water-holding agent (according to seasonal variation control usage quantity), wood fibre, polypropylene pulling force fiber, thixotroping lubricant, water reducer (use in winter), air entrapment agent, hardening accelerator (use in winter), water-resisting agent, retardant (use in summer), defoamer, silicon ash uniform mixing together.

Claims (4)

1. a polymer glue powder is characterized in that being made up of binding agent, water-holding agent (according to seasonal variation control usage quantity), wood fibre, polypropylene pulling force fiber, thixotroping lubricant, water reducer (use in winter), air entrapment agent, hardening accelerator (use in winter), water-resisting agent, retardant (use in summer), defoamer, silicon ash.
2. a kind of polymer glue powder according to claim 1 is characterized in that: made general proportioning by matching method per ton by following:
60~800 kilograms of binding agents (tackiness agent)
Water-holding agent (according to seasonal variation control usage quantity): 40~180 kilograms
Wood fibre: 40~180 kilograms
Polypropylene pulling force fiber: 10~40 kilograms
Thixotroping lubricant: 20~100 kilograms
Water reducer (use in winter): 5~30 kilograms
Air entrapment agent: 0.015~1 kilogram
Hardening accelerator (use in winter): 3~35 kilograms
Water-resisting agent: 10~50 kilograms
Retardant (use in summer): 1~60 kilogram
Defoamer: 10~60 kilograms
Silicon ash: 10~150 kilograms.
3. a kind of polymer glue powder according to claim 2 is characterized in that: make optimum ratio by matching method per ton by following:
500~750 kilograms of binding agents (tackiness agent)
Water-holding agent (according to seasonal variation control usage quantity): 50~150 kilograms
Wood fibre: 50~150 kilograms
Polypropylene pulling force fiber: 15~35 kilograms
Thixotroping lubricant: 30~80 kilograms
Water reducer (use in winter): 8~20 kilograms
Air entrapment agent: 0.025~0.6 kilogram
Hardening accelerator (use in winter): 4~30 kilograms
Water-resisting agent: 20~30 kilograms
Retardant (use in summer): 2.5~50 kilograms
Defoamer: 12.5~50 kilograms
Silicon ash: 30~100 kilograms.
4. a kind of polymer glue powder according to claim 3 is characterized in that: make best proportioning by matching method per ton by following:
Binding agent (tackiness agent): 625 kilograms
Water-holding agent (according to seasonal variation control usage quantity): 70~120 kg
Wood fibre: 75 kilograms
Polypropylene pulling force fiber: 22 kilograms
Thixotroping lubricant: 50 kilograms
Water reducer (use in winter): 12.5 kilograms
Air entrapment agent: 0.5 kilogram
Hardening accelerator (use in winter): 50 kilograms
Water-resisting agent: 25 kilograms
Retardant (use in summer): 2.5 kilograms
Defoamer: 12.5 kilograms
Silicon ash: 50 kilograms.
CN200910131401XA 2009-03-30 2009-03-30 Polymer glue powder and method of use thereof Expired - Fee Related CN101508539B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910131401XA CN101508539B (en) 2009-03-30 2009-03-30 Polymer glue powder and method of use thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910131401XA CN101508539B (en) 2009-03-30 2009-03-30 Polymer glue powder and method of use thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101508539A true CN101508539A (en) 2009-08-19
CN101508539B CN101508539B (en) 2011-09-28

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102372461A (en) * 2010-08-24 2012-03-14 上海台界化工有限公司 Concrete additive
CN102372459A (en) * 2010-08-24 2012-03-14 上海台界化工有限公司 Method for enhancing workability of concrete
CN103011673A (en) * 2012-12-17 2013-04-03 上海三瑞高分子材料有限公司 Gypsum additive
CN103102120A (en) * 2012-12-17 2013-05-15 重庆市百世得建材有限公司 Decorating mortar and preparation method thereof
CN103601446A (en) * 2013-11-16 2014-02-26 黑龙江省寒地建筑科学研究院 Dry powder adhesive for HDJ exterior wall external insulation
CN104446115A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-03-25 桂林华越环保科技有限公司 Concrete synergist

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100465127C (en) * 2007-06-11 2009-03-04 赵云龙 Wall heat-insulating rubber powder material and preparation method and using method thereof
CN101239806A (en) * 2007-11-23 2008-08-13 武汉科华高新材料发展有限公司 Thermal insulation plaster bonding agent

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102372461A (en) * 2010-08-24 2012-03-14 上海台界化工有限公司 Concrete additive
CN102372459A (en) * 2010-08-24 2012-03-14 上海台界化工有限公司 Method for enhancing workability of concrete
CN102372461B (en) * 2010-08-24 2014-04-09 上海台界化工有限公司 Concrete additive
CN102372459B (en) * 2010-08-24 2014-06-25 上海台界化工有限公司 Method for enhancing workability of concrete
CN103011673A (en) * 2012-12-17 2013-04-03 上海三瑞高分子材料有限公司 Gypsum additive
CN103102120A (en) * 2012-12-17 2013-05-15 重庆市百世得建材有限公司 Decorating mortar and preparation method thereof
CN103102120B (en) * 2012-12-17 2015-11-11 重庆市百世得建材有限公司 A kind of decoration mortar and preparation method thereof
CN103601446A (en) * 2013-11-16 2014-02-26 黑龙江省寒地建筑科学研究院 Dry powder adhesive for HDJ exterior wall external insulation
CN103601446B (en) * 2013-11-16 2015-10-14 黑龙江省寒地建筑科学研究院 Dry powder adhesive for HDJ exterior wall external insulation
CN104446115A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-03-25 桂林华越环保科技有限公司 Concrete synergist

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Granted publication date: 20110928

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