CN101508144B - Concrete casting production technique with energy-saving environmental-protection function - Google Patents

Concrete casting production technique with energy-saving environmental-protection function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101508144B
CN101508144B CN2009101059209A CN200910105920A CN101508144B CN 101508144 B CN101508144 B CN 101508144B CN 2009101059209 A CN2009101059209 A CN 2009101059209A CN 200910105920 A CN200910105920 A CN 200910105920A CN 101508144 B CN101508144 B CN 101508144B
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China
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mould
concrete
steam
production
curing
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CN2009101059209A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101508144A (en
Inventor
马凌风
张永秋
裘晓黎
刘俊佞
唐世元
秦刚
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深圳港创建材股份有限公司
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Publication of CN101508144A publication Critical patent/CN101508144A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to production technology for a concrete precast element with energy-saving and environment-friendly functions. In the production of the prior concrete precast element, the fixing of a precast element mould, operators, lifting equipment and raw materials of production are in a motion state, and the production has low efficiency, serious noise pollution, large steam loss, and large energy consumption, and cannot isolate vibrating noise. The technology comprises the following steps: demoulding of a precast element; clearing the inner surface of the mould and spraying mould oil; installing an embedded part and lifting a reinforcement cage; casting concrete and vibrating the concrete; touching the surface of the concrete and clearing the outside surface of the mould; standing and curing; polishing the surface of the concrete; and steam curing. The mould does reciprocating running circularly by current production equipment, and workers, materials and equipment are fixed relatively so as to improve the productivity. The working procedures of vibrating and steam curing are carried out in a fixed station so as to isolate the noise effectively and carry out effective heat insulation on the steam loss and heat loss. The production technology has significant energy conservation and environment protection, and is favorable for popularizing.

Description

A kind of concrete casting production technique with energy-saving environmental-protection function
Technical field
The present invention relates to the production field of construction material, be specifically related to a kind of concrete casting production technique with energy-saving environmental-protection function.
Background technology
The production technology of traditional precast concrete is that the prefabricated component mould is fixed, and operator, hanging device and production raw material are kept in motion.Because concrete prefabricated element is heavier, prefabricated components add mould generally between several tons to tens tons, have no alternative but mould and be placed in the diverse location of factory, reserve enough spacings between the mould, when certain mould is carried out operations for forming, by hanging device steel reinforcement cage and concrete are lifted this mould, simultaneously workman's this mould of walking is operated, having formed production factors of mould fixes, and other three production factors are constantly moved, be all back and forth movements of operator, hanging device and raw material, make production efficiency low.Because mould is placed in different parts, vibrating noise can't be isolated; The NOISE ON ENVIRONMENT that produces during concrete formation causes bigger pollution.Under this mode of production condition, mould is carried out steam curing can only make the maintenance cover with the heat insulation relatively flexible material of canvas class, steam scatters and disappears many, and energy resource consumption is big.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of concrete casting production technique with energy-saving environmental-protection function, make the mould operation that moves in circles by the flowing water production equipment, and workman, other three production factors relative fixed of material and facility, thereby enhance productivity greatly.Because the mould circular flow of regularly fixing a point,, so just can carry out effective sound insulation to the noise of the operation generation of vibrating so vibrate and steam-cured operation is carried out at fixing station; The the scattering and disappearing of steam in the steam curing operation, heat energy loss are carried out effectively heat insulation, thereby realize from the conversion of rough type production to the economizing type new production process of energy-conserving and environment-protective.
Equipment of the present invention by mould conveyer, concrete placing installation, concrete vibrating sound arrester, mould pass in and out the transfer dolly of steam-cured chamber, adiabatic steam-curing chamber and central control system constitutes, the 26S Proteasome Structure and Function of each part is as follows:
The mould conveyer is installed the unilateral thrust device by the operation of oil cylinder or Motor Drive chain on the chain, chain moves forward, and each unilateral thrust device promotes walk the forward next station of production line of corresponding mould.In order to guarantee that enough spaces carry out having living space and carrying out hygienic cleaning after sound insulation and each station fulfil assignment to the station that vibrates, keep enough length on the chain between each unidirectional drive device, making between two moulds has enough spacings.
Concrete placing installation transports equipment by concrete mixing plant, concrete and the concreting bucket is formed, and this group device assumes concrete production, transfers to whole tasks of the tool that pours into the mold.
The concrete vibrating sound arrester is made of vibrator, vibration-free tables and soundproof room, after mould is gone in concreting, carry out vibration compacting by this device, decay airtight at the noise that produces that will vibrate by vibration-isolating platform and soundproof room simultaneously, noise and surrounding environment are isolated, reach the purpose of beautifying the environment.
Mould passes in and out the transfer dolly of steam-cured chamber: this process has two moulds to shift dolly, and one is mould to be sent into the steam-cured chamber of advancing of steam-cured chamber shift dolly, and another shifts dolly for mould is transported to the steam-cured chamber of going out of production line by steam-cured chamber.
Mould enters steam-cured chamber and shifts the prefabricated component that dolly will forming on production line, when concrete final set, mould is transported into the steam-curing chamber together with prefabricated components.Mould goes out steam-cured chamber transfer dolly will carry out in the steam-curing chamber the enough time of steam curing, and the mould that concrete strength reaches the demoulding is transported to production line together with prefabricated components.
Adiabatic steam-curing chamber is made of gate, steam curing pipeline and the adiabatic steam-curing chamber of fog room.The gate of fog room is only opened when mould turnover steam-curing chamber, and all the other times are in closed condition all the time.The steam curing pipeline is used to carry maintenance steam.Steam-curing chamber brick and concrete constructions, thus reach good insulation effect.
Central control system by mould conveyer master control system, enter steam-cured chamber and shift dolly and go out that little vehicle control is shifted in steam-cured chamber and the curing temperature control system is formed, respectively precast concrete is produced each subsystem and guarantee that safety automation control down produces, reach the purpose of raising production capacity.
Production technology of the present invention comprises that table cleaning in the prefabricated component demoulding → mould, spraying mould oil → installations built-in fitting, install reinforcing cage → casting concrete, vibrated concrete → concrete coating, the cleaning of mould appearance → quiet stop maintenance → concrete light face → steam curing, and specifically technology is as follows:
The prefabricated component demoulding: when concrete reaches demoulding strength, mould shifts dolly and is transported on the production line by going out steam-cured chamber together with prefabricated component.Unclamp mould, use special-purpose hoisting machine tool, prefabricated components are hung out from mould, handling is to upset or store up the district temporarily.Mould is transported to the 2nd operation;
Table cleaning in the mould, spraying mould oil: the operator cleans out the residue and the concrete grout caking of mould inner surface, and mould side form and end mould are closed.At an amount of mould oil of the inner surface of mould spraying, be bonded in when preventing concrete hardening on the mould, causing can't the demoulding;
Built-in fitting, install reinforcing cage are installed: the fixed position that built-in fitting is placed to steel reinforcement cage is located, and with special hanger steel reinforcement cage is hung onto in the mould, and die cover plate is closed;
Casting concrete, vibrated concrete: mould enters the confined chamber of sound insulation, and mould is gone in concreting, simultaneously by vibration compacting.Because mould vibrates at a confined chamber, can effectively reduce the noise that vibrates, and reaches the environmental protection purpose of friendly working environment;
Concrete coating, the cleaning of mould appearance: after mould leaves the soundproof room that vibrates of sealing, carry out the concrete face work in mould feed opening place immediately, open die cover plate then, the concrete component outer surface is wiped one's face, the outer surface to mould carries out hygienic cleaning simultaneously;
Quietly stop maintenance: the mould and the concrete prefabricated element of newly building are quiet on the station of ensuing some to stop maintenance;
Concrete light face:, the concrete component outer surface is carried out the light face when concrete flowability reduces;
Steam curing: when concrete during near final set, advance shift dolly in steam-cured chamber transporting down, mould together enters the airtight steam-curing chamber of thermal insulation together with prefabricated component and carries out steam curing.So far, finish a working cycles.
The invention has the advantages that and production capacity every day of mould can be improved 50% to 100%, effectively reduce by 30 decibels of the noises of vibrating, fuel saving 30% to 50%, energy-conservation and environmental performance is remarkable, have bigger economic benefit and social benefit, be beneficial to popularization.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a technological process of production block diagram of the present invention.
1 is the prefabricated component demoulding among the figure, the 2nd, and table cleaning in the mould, spraying mould oil, the 3rd, built-in fitting, install reinforcing cage are installed, the 4th, casting concrete, vibrated concrete, the 5th, the cleaning of concrete coating, mould appearance, the 6th, quietly stop maintenance, the 7th, concrete light face, the 8th, steam curing.
The specific embodiment
The present invention is described in further details with most preferred embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
Equipment of the present invention by mould conveyer, concrete placing installation, concrete vibrating sound arrester, mould pass in and out the transfer dolly of steam-cured chamber, adiabatic steam-curing chamber and central control system constitutes, the 26S Proteasome Structure and Function of each part is as follows:
The mould conveyer is installed the unilateral thrust device by the operation of oil cylinder or Motor Drive chain on the chain, chain moves forward, and each unilateral thrust device promotes walk the forward next station of production line of corresponding mould.In order to guarantee that enough spaces carry out having living space and carrying out hygienic cleaning after sound insulation and each station fulfil assignment to the station that vibrates, keep enough length on the chain between each unidirectional drive device, making between two moulds has enough spacings.
Concrete placing installation transports equipment by concrete mixing plant, concrete and the concreting bucket is formed, and this group device assumes concrete production, transfers to whole tasks of the tool that pours into the mold.
The concrete vibrating sound arrester is made of vibrator, vibration-free tables and soundproof room, after mould is gone in concreting, carry out vibration compacting by this device, decay airtight at the noise that produces that will vibrate by vibration-isolating platform and soundproof room simultaneously, noise and surrounding environment are isolated, reach the purpose of beautifying the environment.
Mould passes in and out the transfer dolly of steam-cured chamber: this process has two moulds to shift dolly, and one is mould to be sent into the steam-cured chamber of advancing of steam-cured chamber shift dolly, and another shifts dolly for mould is transported to the steam-cured chamber of going out of production line by steam-cured chamber.
Mould enters steam-cured chamber and shifts the prefabricated component that dolly will forming on production line, when concrete final set, mould is transported into the steam-curing chamber together with prefabricated components.Mould goes out steam-cured chamber transfer dolly will carry out in the steam-curing chamber the enough time of steam curing, and the mould that concrete strength reaches the demoulding is transported to production line together with prefabricated components.
Adiabatic steam-curing chamber is made of gate, steam curing pipeline and the adiabatic steam-curing chamber of fog room.The gate of fog room is only opened when mould turnover steam-curing chamber, and all the other times are in closed condition all the time.The steam curing pipeline is used to carry maintenance steam.Steam-curing chamber brick and concrete constructions, thus reach good insulation effect.
Central control system by mould conveyer master control system, enter steam-cured chamber and shift dolly and go out that little vehicle control is shifted in steam-cured chamber and the curing temperature control system is formed, respectively precast concrete is produced each subsystem and guarantee that safety automation control down produces, reach the purpose of raising production capacity.
Production technology of the present invention comprises that table cleaning in the prefabricated component demoulding (1) → mould, spraying mould oil (2) → installations built-in fitting, install reinforcing cage (3) → casting concrete, vibrated concrete (4) → concrete coating, mould appearance cleaning (5) → quiet stop maintenance (6) → concrete light face (7) → steam curing (8), and specifically technology is as follows:
The prefabricated component demoulding (1): when concrete reaches demoulding strength, mould shifts dolly and is transported on the production line by going out steam-cured chamber together with prefabricated component.Unclamp mould, use special-purpose hoisting machine tool, prefabricated components are hung out from mould, handling is to upset or store up the district temporarily.Mould is transported to the 2nd operation;
Table cleaning in the mould, spraying mould oil (2): the operator cleans out the residue and the concrete grout caking of mould inner surface, and mould side form and end mould are closed.At an amount of mould oil of the inner surface of mould spraying, be bonded in when preventing concrete hardening on the mould, causing can't the demoulding;
Built-in fitting, install reinforcing cage (3) are installed: the fixed position that built-in fitting is placed to steel reinforcement cage is located, and with special hanger steel reinforcement cage is hung onto in the mould, and die cover plate is closed;
Casting concrete, vibrated concrete (4): mould enters the confined chamber of sound insulation, and mould is gone in concreting, simultaneously by vibration compacting.Because mould vibrates at a confined chamber, can effectively reduce the noise that vibrates, and reaches the environmental protection purpose of friendly working environment;
Concrete coating, mould appearance cleaning (5): after mould leaves the soundproof room that vibrates of sealing, carry out the concrete face work in mould feed opening place immediately, open die cover plate then, the concrete component outer surface is wiped one's face, the outer surface to mould carries out hygienic cleaning simultaneously;
Quietly stop maintenance (6): the mould and the concrete prefabricated element of newly building are quiet on the station of ensuing some to stop maintenance;
Concrete light face (7):, the concrete component outer surface is carried out the light face when concrete flowability reduces;
Steam curing (8): when concrete during near final set, advance shift dolly in steam-cured chamber transporting down, mould together enters the airtight steam-curing chamber of thermal insulation together with prefabricated component and carries out steam curing.So far, finish a working cycles.

Claims (1)

1. concrete casting production technique with energy-saving environmental-protection function, it is characterized in that it comprises that table cleaning in the prefabricated component demoulding (1) → mould, spraying mould oil (2) → installations built-in fitting, install reinforcing cage (3) → casting concrete, vibrated concrete (4) → concrete coating, mould appearance cleaning (5) → quiet stop maintenance (6) → concrete light face (7) → steam curing (8), specifically technology is as follows:
The prefabricated component demoulding (1): when concrete reaches demoulding strength, mould is transported on the production line by going out steam-cured chamber transfer dolly together with prefabricated component, unclamp mould, use special-purpose hoisting machine tool, prefabricated components are hung out from mould, handling is to upset or store up the district temporarily, and mould is transported to (2) individual operation;
Table cleaning in the mould, spraying mould oil (2): the operator cleans out the residue and the concrete grout caking of mould inner surface, mould side form and end mould are closed, at an amount of mould oil of the inner surface of mould spraying, be bonded in when preventing concrete hardening on the mould, causing can't the demoulding;
Built-in fitting, install reinforcing cage (3) are installed: the fixed position that built-in fitting is placed to steel reinforcement cage is located, and with special hanger steel reinforcement cage is hung onto in the mould, and die cover plate is closed;
Casting concrete, vibrated concrete (4): mould enters the confined chamber of sound insulation, and mould is gone in concreting, simultaneously by vibration compacting, because mould vibrates at a confined chamber, can effectively reduce the noise that vibrates, and reaches the environmental protection purpose of friendly working environment;
Concrete coating, mould appearance cleaning (5): after mould leaves the soundproof room that vibrates of sealing, carry out the concrete face work in mould feed opening place immediately, open die cover plate then, the concrete component outer surface is wiped one's face, the outer surface to mould carries out hygienic cleaning simultaneously;
Quietly stop maintenance (6): the mould and the concrete prefabricated element of newly building are quiet on the station of ensuing some to stop maintenance;
Concrete light face (7):, the concrete component outer surface is carried out the light face when concrete flowability reduces;
Steam curing (8): when concrete during near final set, advance shift dolly in steam-cured chamber transporting down, mould together enters the airtight steam-curing chamber of thermal insulation together with prefabricated component and carries out steam curing.
CN2009101059209A 2009-03-02 2009-03-02 Concrete casting production technique with energy-saving environmental-protection function CN101508144B (en)

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CN101508144B true CN101508144B (en) 2011-03-23

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