CN101507844B - Intelligent full-thorax high-frequency oscillation sputum elimination machine and method - Google Patents

Intelligent full-thorax high-frequency oscillation sputum elimination machine and method Download PDF

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CN101507844B
CN101507844B CN 200910010814 CN200910010814A CN101507844B CN 101507844 B CN101507844 B CN 101507844B CN 200910010814 CN200910010814 CN 200910010814 CN 200910010814 A CN200910010814 A CN 200910010814A CN 101507844 B CN101507844 B CN 101507844B
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pressure
connected
air
longitudinal
vest
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CN 200910010814
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CN101507844A (en
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纪华雷
钟志
赵文博
肖红梅
黄晓芳
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纪华雷
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Abstract

The present invention discloses an intelligent total thoracic high-frequency oscillating sputum ejection machine and a sputum ejection method. The sputum ejection machine comprises a hose, a pressure sensor, a conducting wire, a power supply device, a box body and a cover plate, and is characterized by also comprising a pressure jacket, an air oscillator and a cough sensor, wherein the pressure jacket consists of a metal spring ring, a transverse membrane, a longitudinal membrane, skin and an adhesive buckle; and the metal spring ring is arranged at the bottom of the skin, the transverse membrane is arranged above the metal spring ring, the longitudinal membrane is arranged inside the skin, the upper end of the longitudinal membrane is connected with the upper edge of the inner wall of the skin, and the lower end of the longitudinal membrane is vertical to the transverse membrane and is reserved with a gap. Specifically the fixed two-point type anterior chest wall pulse cannot beat the lateral surface and the back of the chest so as to cause poor sputum ejection effect for partial patients, the sputum ejection machine and the sputum ejection method adopt intelligent air supply modes of an electric motor and an air pressure compensator to periodically supply pulse airflow to the pressure jacket, can adjust the pulse airflow according to different press degrees required by patients, and are greatly convenient to treat the patients of different types.

Description

智能型全胸腔高频振荡排痰机及排痰方法 High frequency oscillation intelligent whole chest sputum expectoration machine and method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种振荡排痰机,尤其涉及一种智能型全胸腔高频振荡排痰机及排痰方法,用于医疗领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to an oscillatory expectoration machine, in particular relates to an intelligent full chest sputum expectoration machine and method for high-frequency oscillation, for medical field.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 胸部物理疗法具有很长的临床应用史,非常有效,是各国改善呼吸道粘液清理功能的标准医学方法之一。 [0002] chest physical therapy has a long history of clinical use, very effective, is one of the countries to improve the standard medical method respiratory tract mucus cleanup function. 胸部物理疗法的种类包括:人工叩背排痰,体外振动机排痰。 Chest physiotherapy type comprising: an artificial knock back expectoration, sputum in vitro vibrator.

[0003] 人工叩背排痰治疗一般每天进行一至四次。 [0003] artificial knock back expectoration treatment is generally carried out one to four times per day. 治疗时,患者躺下(在规定的十二种姿势中变换),施疗人员在患者胸部和背部进行拍打敲击。 Treatment, patients lie down (conversion of twelve postures specified in), beating percussion massager personnel in the patient's chest and back. 为了治疗到整个肺部,敲打需持续四十五分钟,同时伴随药物吸入治疗。 In order to treat the lungs, banging need to continue 45 minutes accompanied by a drug inhalation. 为了清理黏液堆积物,治疗时需敲打胸部让粘液松动脱落,然后通过主动咳嗽从口腔排出。 To clear mucus deposits, need to beat the chest mucus let loose in the treatment, and then discharged from the mouth through the initiative cough. 胸部物理疗法需要施疗人员帮助,通常为家人,如果家人不便,也可以是护士或呼吸科医师。 Chest physical therapy massager staff need help, usually for the family, if the family inconvenient, it can be a nurse or respiratory medicine physician. 这种治疗方法,不仅患者累,施疗人员也累。 This treatment, patients not only tired, tired of the treatment staff. 患者和施疗人员不按要求实施治疗是很普遍的问题,这将使得医疗效果大打折扣。 Patients and staff of the therapeutic treatment is not required to implement a very common problem, which will make medical ineffective. 此外,这种胸部物理疗法的效果还取决于施疗人员的技术,当施疗人疲劳时,效果将会降低。 Further, this effect is also dependent on the chest physiotherapy therapeutic technical personnel, who when the treatment of fatigue, the effect will be reduced. 由于此方法需要其它人的帮助,严重限制了患者自行施疗的可能性。 Because this method requires the help of others, severely limits the possibility of the treatment of patients with self. 长时间反复叩背排痰极易使医护人员感染空气传播性疾病如SARS、禽流感。 Prolonged and repeated call-back expectoration easy to make health care workers infected with airborne diseases such as SARS, avian flu.

[0004] 机械振荡排痰机于2003年前后在我国开始使用。 [0004] expectoration machine mechanical oscillations in the year 2003 in our country. 它通过手持式电动按摩棒产生的机械振荡反复拍打胸壁,模仿人工排痰时人手的拍打动作,使肺部粘液脱落、聚集至大的气道,可以通过咳嗽或负压吸痰被排出体外。 It massager mechanical oscillations generated by repeatedly tapping handheld electric chest wall, artificial imitation of the human hand tapping operation sputum, mucus off the lungs, airway Tai aggregation, may be excreted through coughing or negative pressure suction. 体外振荡排痰机可以对按摩棒振荡的强度、频率、时间进行标准化设置,改善了传统方法的随意性和不确定性,是目前我国大中型医院使用最广的辅助排痰方法。 In vitro expectoration machine oscillation can stick to the strength of the oscillation, frequency, time set standardization, improved randomness and uncertainty of traditional methods, it is currently China's most widely used medium-sized hospitals assist expectoration method. 然而这种设备只是用按摩棒代替传统的人手拍打,它无法克服以下两者共同的缺陷: However, this device only with a stick instead of the traditional hand pat, it can not overcome the common shortcomings of both the following:

[0005] ①治疗全过程需要治疗师操作,在医院重症病区要占用宝贵的人力,在家庭使用时病人也不可能自己操作; [0005] ① treatment of the whole process requires therapists operation in hospital intensive ward to take up valuable manpower, when patients can not use their own household operation;

[0006] ②治疗师的疲劳或经验不足,都会使治疗效果大打折扣; Fatigue or lack of experience [0006] ② therapist, will make treatment greatly reduced;

[0007] ③增加了呼吸道病原体“病人-医护人员”传播的机会; [0007] ③ increased respiratory pathogen - chance "patient health care" spread;

[0008] ④每次只能拍打按摩头所在的一个部位,不能同时对全胸廓拍打,排痰效果不佳; [0008] ④ You can only beat a location where the massage head, can not beat the whole thorax, poor expectoration effect;

[0009] ⑤需要病人变化十二种不同体位,以达到较好的效果,危重病人无法配合。 [0009] ⑤ twelve different needs of the patient changes position, in order to achieve good results, critically ill patients unable to cooperate.

[0010] 近年国外也在研发、改进背心式空气脉冲排痰机。 [0010] In recent years, foreign countries are to develop, improve air pulse vest expectoration machine. 气压脉冲机向固定于背心前面的两个气囊反复充气放气,每次加压将迫使气流快速穿越肺叶,推动分泌堆积物从肺壁上脱落,并向口腔移动;到达口腔后,通过正常咳嗽或负压吸痰就可以排出。 Gas pressure pulse unit is fixed to deflate repeatedly inflated in front of the vest two balloons, each pressure will force air flow through the lung quickly to promote secretion from the lung deposits off the walls, and mouth movement; after reaching the mouth, through the normal coughing suction or negative pressure can be discharged. 其全自动化操作, 标准参数设置,基本克服了前两种方法的弊端。 Its fully automated operation, the standard parameter setting, substantially overcomes the drawbacks of the first two methods. 新的问题:固定的两点式前胸壁脉冲无法拍打胸廓侧面和背面,对部分病人排痰效果不佳;治疗参数设定后完全按标准执行治疗程序, 即使已经诱发病人咳嗽,仍不中断治疗,可能产生长时间连续咳嗽,导致消耗大量体力和过度换气等危险。 New problem: a fixed two-point pulse can not beat the anterior chest wall and the back side of the thorax, poor expectoration effect for some patients; the treatment parameter settings exactly as the standard treatment program execution, even if the patient has been induced cough is still not interrupt treatment It may produce long continuous coughing, strenuous and lead to hyperventilation, and dangerous.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0011] 本发明针对以上问题的提出,而研制一种新的智能型全胸腔高频振荡排痰机及排痰方法,旨在通过克服上述缺点及缺陷使病人呼吸道的粘稠物脱落、聚集,刺激病人咳嗽, 达到排痰的目的。 [0011] The present invention is made of the above problems, developed a new intelligent high frequency oscillation type wholly chest sputum expectoration machine and method designed to overcome the aforementioned drawbacks and defects by the patient airway dope off, gathering stimulate patients to cough, expectoration purposes.

[0012] 本发明的技术解决方案是这样实现的: [0012] Technical Solution The present invention is implemented as follows:

[0013] 一种智能型全胸腔高频振荡排痰机,包括软管、压力传感器、导线、供电装置、箱体、盖板,其特征在于:还包括压力背心、空气振荡机和咳嗽感应器,其中压力背心由金属弹簧圈、横向隔膜、纵向隔膜、表皮和粘扣所构成,金属弹簧圈安装于表皮底部,横向隔膜安装于金属弹簧圈上方,纵向隔膜安装在表皮内部,纵向隔膜上端与表皮内壁上沿连接,下端垂直于横向隔膜并留有空隙;压力传感器作为输入端连接在空气振荡机上,导线连接咳嗽感应器与空气振荡机,软管与空气振荡机的输出端连接;供电装置与空气振荡机开关相连。 [0013] The intelligent whole chest high frequency oscillation expectoration machine comprising a hose, a pressure sensor, a wire, a power supply device, housing, cover, characterized by: further comprising a pressure vest, air and shaker sensors cough wherein the pressure vest is composed of a metal coil, a transverse diaphragm, the longitudinal septum, epidermis and gluing, the metal spring ring is attached to the bottom of the epidermis, the transverse diaphragm is mounted above the metal coils, the longitudinal diaphragm mounted inside the epidermis, longitudinal septum upper and It is connected along the inner wall of the upper skin, the lower end of the diaphragm and perpendicular to the transverse gap left; a pressure sensor as an input connected to the air shaker, cough inductor is connected with the air shaker, the shaker tube with an air output end of the lead connector; power supply means a switch connected to an air shaker.

[0014] 所述的空气振荡机由频率电压转换电路、脉冲调节器、气压脉冲调节器、气压检测电路、功率放大器、电动机、气压补偿机所构成;压力传感器检测到压力信号并将输入到频率电压转换电路中,转换后的信号送入脉冲调节器,调节后送入电动机;同时压力传感器还作为气压检测电路的输入端与气压检测电路连接,气压检测电路中产生的信号送入气压脉冲调节器,经分析调节后将信号送入气压补偿机中,气压补偿机与电动机相连,电动机的输出端与软管相连;咳嗽感应器作为输入端与功率放大器相连,放大后的信号与开关相连。 [0014] The air shaker constituted by frequency-voltage conversion circuit, a pulse modulator, a pulse pressure regulator, the pressure detecting circuit, a power amplifier, the motor, the pressure compensation unit; a pressure sensor detects the pressure signal and input to the frequency voltage conversion circuit converts the signal into the pulse modulator, fed to the motor after adjustment; a pressure sensor while the pressure further as a detection circuit and an input terminal connected to circuit pressure detector, pressure detector signal generated in the circuit into the pressure pulse conditioning , a signal is sent analyzed after adjusting the pressure compensation mechanism, the pressure compensation mechanism with the motor connected to the output terminal of the motor and the hose; cough sensor is connected as an input to the power amplifier, connected to the switching signal after amplification.

[0015] 所述的咳嗽感应器安装在压力背心内侧胸腔上方;频率电压转换电路中安装有频率输入端;气压检测电路中安装气压输入端;定时装置与电动机连接,定时输入端固定在盖板上,定时输入端的输出端与定时装置的输入端相连。 [0015] The cough is mounted above the pressure sensor inside the chest vest; frequency-voltage conversion circuit is installed frequency input; pneumatic pressure detector circuit input terminal installation; timing means connected to the motor, the cover plate is fixed timing input , the timing input connected to the input terminal and the output terminal of the timing device.

[0016] 所述的压力背心内部横向隔膜安装于金属弹簧圈上方,横向隔膜上设有气孔;纵向隔膜上端连接在表皮内部,下端与横向隔膜垂直,不接触留有空隙,纵向隔膜将表皮内部分割成纵向气室;表皮由气密性材料所构成,压力背心将人体胸腔包在其中,通过粘扣固定。 The pressure inside the lateral septum vest [0016] is installed above the metal spring ring is provided with a transverse hole diaphragm; longitudinal upper end attached to the diaphragm inside the skin, with the lower end of the vertical lateral septum, not in contact with no gaps, the internal longitudinal septum epidermis longitudinally divided into plenum; epidermis is composed of an airtight material, the human torso vest pressure in the package which is fixed by gluing.

[0017] 所述的压力背心,其特征在于表皮上端设有气孔,气孔与纵向气室连通。 The [0017] pressure vest, characterized in that the upper skin has pores, the pores in communication with the longitudinal air chamber.

[0018] 所述的箱体将空气振荡机封装成一个整体,盖板安装于箱体上。 [0018] The housing of the air shaker package as a whole, the cover plate is mounted on the housing.

[0019] 一种采用智能型全胸腔高频振荡排痰机的排痰方法: [0019] A method of using a smart expectoration high frequency oscillation type wholly expectoration machine chest:

[0020] a、通过粘扣将压力背心固定在人体胸腔上; [0020] a, a pressure vest by Velcro fixed on the human torso;

[0021] b、根据用户情况,调节盖板上的频率输入端、气压输入端和定时输入端后,打开开关; [0021] b, according to the user situation, adjusting the frequency of the input terminal on the cover, the pressure input and timing input, the switch is opened;

[0022] C、使得电动机按照预设值向压力背心输送空气; [0022] C, such that the pressure vest conveying air motor according to a preset value;

[0023] d、输入空气使得压力背心膨胀,对人体胸腔进行按摩,与此同时,压力传感器检测压力背心对人体胸腔的压力信号; [0023] d, the input air such that the expansion pressure vest, chest massage on the human body, at the same time, the pressure sensor detects the pressure on the human torso vest pressure signal;

[0024] e、检测到的压力信号与预设值对比后,送入气压脉冲调节器与脉冲调节器调节; [0024] e, the detected pressure signal and the preset value after the comparison, gas pressure pulse into a pulse regulator and regulator regulates;

[0025] f、调节后的信号送入电动机与气压补偿机中,使得电动机按照调整后的信号向压力背心送气; [0025] f, the signal sent to the motor and the adjusted pressure compensation mechanism so that the air supply to the motor in accordance with a pressure vest adjusted signal;

[0026] e、在咳嗽感应器检测到胸腔振动次数>3次/10秒的时候或按摩时间达到定时器预定后停止送气,反之继续送气。 [0026] e, coughing sensor detects the vibration frequency and pleural> 3 times / 10 seconds or massage time when the timer reaches a predetermined air supply is stopped, otherwise continue aspirated.

[0027] 本发明的优点是显而易见的: [0027] The advantages of the invention will be apparent:

[0028] 1、本发明工作方式采用全胸廓同时振动,治疗时全胸廓同时被脉冲气流拍击,刺激咳嗽和排痰的效果好于一点式或两点式拍击。 [0028] 1, the present invention work simultaneously with full thoracic vibration, the treatment is pulsed gas flow while the whole thorax slap, stimulation of coughing and expectoration better than a one-point or two-point slap.

[0029] 2、本发明采用电动机、气压补偿机的智能送气方式,脉冲气流周期式的送入压力背心中可根据病人的需要的不同按压程度进行调节,极大的方便了对不同类型的病人的治疗。 [0029] 2, the present invention employs intelligent motor aspirated embodiment, the pressure compensation mechanism, the air flow into the pressure pulse period, vest may be adjusted according to different degrees of the pressing need of the patient, which greatly facilitates the different types of patients Treatment.

[0030] 3、本发明通过频率和气压峰值反馈控制系统,使得在不同的情况下,输出气流的频率和气压峰值始终为用户设定值,确保治疗的有效。 [0030] 3, according to the present invention, the frequency and the peak pressure feedback control system, such that under different circumstances, and the frequency peak output stream pressure is always user set value, to ensure effective treatment.

[0031] 4、本发明具有咳嗽侦测系统,在使用者发生连续咳嗽的时候系统会自动关掉电源,停止治疗,即保证了避免使用者长时间的咳嗽引起的体力消耗过大和过度换气引发的危险,又保证了在无人看护的情况下病人的安全。 [0031] 4, the present invention has cough detection system, the user at the time of occurrence of cough in a continuous system will automatically turn off the power to stop the treatment, i.e., ensure the user to avoid prolonged physical exertion caused by coughing Japanese hyperventilation posing, but also to ensure that the patient's care in the absence of security.

[0032] 5、本发明使用方法简单、适用于医疗单位和患者家庭使用,在实施治疗时不需要有专门的人在旁边维护,节省人力。 [0032] 5. The method of the present invention is simple, applicable to home use patient medical units and, in the implementation of treatment does not require a dedicated person in the next maintenance, saving manpower.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0033] 本发明有附图4幅: [0033] The present invention has reference 4:

[0034] 图1为本发明硬件结构示意图; [0034] Fig 1 a schematic view of the hardware structure of the present invention;

[0035] 图2为本发明压力背心的结构图; [0035] FIG. 2 is a structural view of the pressure vest of the present invention;

[0036] 图3为本发明压力背心的工作原理图; [0036] FIG. 3 is a principle diagram of the invention, a pressure vest;

[0037] 图4为本发明空气振荡机电路框图。 [0037] Figure 4 a block diagram of circuitry of the present invention, the air oscillation.

[0038] 图中:1、软管,2、压力传感器,3、咳嗽感应器,4、导线,5、供电装置,6、箱体,7、盖板,8、压力背心,9、空气振荡机,10、金属弹簧圈,11、横向隔膜,12、纵向隔膜,13、表皮,14、 粘扣,15、频率电压转换电路,16、脉冲调节器,17、气压脉冲调节器,18、气压检测电路,19、 功率放大器,20、电动机,21、气压补偿机,22、频率输入端,23、气压输入端,24、气孔,25、纵向气室,沈、开关,27、气孔,观、人体胸腔,四、定时装置,30、定时输入端。 [0038] FIG: 1, a hose 2, a pressure sensor 3, the sensor cough, 4, leads 5, the power supply means 6, the housing 7, the cover plate, 8, a pressure vest, 9, air oscillation machine, 10, metal coils, 11, a transverse diaphragm 12, a longitudinal septum 13, the epidermis, 14, fastener 15, a frequency voltage conversion circuit 16, the pulse controller, 17, gas pressure pulse regulator 18, pressure a detection circuit 19, amplifier 20, motor 21, pressure compensating unit 22, the frequency of the input terminal 23, the pressure input, 24, pores 25, the longitudinal gas chamber, Shen, switch, 27, pores, concept, human torso, four, timing means 30, timing input.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0039] 如图1所示的智能型全胸腔高频振荡排痰机,包括软管1、咳嗽感应器3、导线4、箱体6、盖板7、压力背心8、频率输入端22、气压输入端23、开关沈、定时输入端30 ;软管1连接压力背心8与箱体6中的空气振荡机9,压力传感器2安装于导线4 一端,导线4的另一端与空气振荡机9连接;频率输入端22、气压输入端23、开关沈、定时输入端30分别安装在盖板7上。 [0039] shown in FIG intelligent whole chest high frequency oscillation expectoration machine 1 comprises a hose, cough sensor 3, leads 4, 6 housing, 7 cover, a pressure vest 8, a frequency input 22, pressure input 23, the switch SHEN, timing input 30; a hose connection 8 and a pressure in the vest air shaker housing 6 9, the pressure sensor 2 is attached to an end of the wire 4, the other end of the wire 94 of the air shaker connection; frequency input 22, the air pressure input 23, the switch SHEN, timing input 30 are mounted on the cover plate 7.

[0040] 如图2〜图3所示的压力背心8,包括金属弹簧圈10、横向隔膜11、纵向隔膜12、 表皮13、粘扣14所构成,纵向隔膜12上端与表皮13连接,纵向隔膜12将表皮13内的空间分割成纵向气室25,表皮13内部下端安装有金属弹簧圈10,在金属弹簧圈10上方安装横向隔膜11,横向隔膜11中间留有气孔对,在表皮13左右两侧安装有粘扣14。 Pressure shown in [0040] As shown in FIG. 2 ~ 3 vest 8, including a metal coil spring 10, a transverse diaphragm 11, a longitudinal diaphragm 12, the cover 13, constituting the fastener 14, the longitudinal upper diaphragm 12 and the skin connector 13, the longitudinal membrane the space 12 in the epidermis 13 into the longitudinal air chamber 25, the cover 13 is attached to the lower end inside the metal coil 10, the coil spring 10 is mounted over the metal diaphragm 11 laterally, leaving the middle of the lateral holes at the diaphragm 11, the cover 13 about two side fastener 14 is attached.

[0041] 如图4所示,空气振荡机9由频率电压转换电路15、脉冲调节器16、气压脉冲调节器17、气压检测电路18、功率放大器19、电动机20、气压补偿机21所构成;压力传感器2检测到压力信号并将输入到频率电压转换电路15中,转换后的信号送入脉冲调节器16,调节后送入电动机20 ;同时压力传感器2还作为气压检测电路18的输入端与气压检测电路18 连接,气压检测电路18中产生的信号送入气压脉冲调节器17,经分析调节后将信号送入气压补偿机21中,气压补偿机21与电动机20相连,电动机20的输出端与软管1相连;咳嗽感应器3作为输入端与功率放大器19相连,放大后的信号与开关沈相连;定时输入端30 连接定时装置四,定时装置四的输出端与电动机20相连。 [0041] As shown, the air shaker 9 by the frequency voltage converter 4 circuit 15, the pulse controller 16, a pulse pressure regulator 17, pressure detector circuit 18, a power amplifier 19, the motor 20, the pressure compensation apparatus 21 is constituted; 2 the pressure sensor detects the pressure signal is inputted to the frequency and voltage converting circuit 15, converted into a pulse signal conditioner 16, the electric motor 20 into the adjusted; while the pressure sensor 2 also as an input detection circuit 18 and pressure pressure detecting circuit 18 is connected, the pressure signal detection circuit 18 into pressure pulses generated in controller 17, is connected via signal analysis after adjustment into the pressure compensation unit 21, the gas pressure compensation mechanism 21 and the motor 20, the output of the motor 20 1 is connected to the hose; cough inductor 3 is connected as an input to the power amplifier 19, connected to the switch signal amplified sink; timing input 30 is connected four timing means, the timing means connected to the output terminal of the fourth motor 20.

[0042] 供电装置5采用220V交流电;纵向隔膜12与横向隔膜11将表皮13内部分隔成14个纵向气室25 ; [0042] 220V AC power supply device 5; the longitudinal and the transverse diaphragm 12 the diaphragm 11 inside the cover 13, the longitudinal partition 14 into plenum 25;

[0043] 采用智能型全胸腔高频振荡排痰机的排痰方法: [0043] The Intelligent expectoration high frequency oscillation type wholly expectoration machine chest:

[0044] a、通过粘扣14将压力背心8固定在人体胸腔28上; [0044] a, fastener 14 by the pressure vest 8 is fixed on the chest body 28;

[0045] b、根据用户情况,调节盖板7上的频率输入端22、气压输入端23和定时输入端30 后,打开开关26 ; [0045] b, according to the user situation, adjusting the frequency of the input terminal 7 on the cover 22, the air pressure input 23 and a timing input terminal 30, the switch 26 is opened;

[0046] C、使得电动机20按照预设值向压力背心8输送空气; [0046] C, so that the motor 20 to the conveying air pressure vest 8 according to a preset value;

[0047] d、输入空气使得压力背心8膨胀,对人体胸腔观进行按摩,与此同时,压力传感器2检测压力背心8对人体胸腔观的压力信号; [0047] d, such that the inlet air pressure vest 8 expanded concept of human chest massage, at the same time, the pressure sensor 2 detects the pressure signal pressure vest 8 Human Thoracic concept;

[0048] e、检测到的压力信号与预设值对比后,送入气压脉冲调节器17与脉冲调节器16 调节; [0048] e, the detected pressure signal and the preset value after the comparison, into the pressure regulator 17 and the pulse adjuster 16 adjusts the pulse;

[0049] f、调节后的信号送入电动机20与气压补偿机21中,使得电动机20按照调整后的信号向压力背心8送气; [0049] f, the conditioned signal into the motor 20 and the pressure compensation mechanism 21, the motor 20 such that the pressure plenum 8 vest according to the adjusted signal;

[0050] e、在咳嗽感应器3检测到胸腔振动次数> 3次/10秒的时候或按摩时间达到定时器预定后停止送气,反之继续送气。 [0050] e, 3 coughing sensor detects the vibration frequency and pleural> 3 times / 10 seconds or massage time when the timer reaches a predetermined air supply is stopped, otherwise continue aspirated.

[0051] 在使用时,先将压力背心8围在人体胸腔观上,通过粘扣14固定使压力背心8 与人体胸腔贴紧,根据使用者的不同情况,调节频率输入端22、气压输入端23、定时输入端30,调节适当后打开开关沈,使得电动机20按照所设定值,通过软管1向压力背心8内周期性的输送空气,与此同时,压力传感器2与咳嗽感应器3对系统进行实时监控: [0051] In use, the first eight pressure vest around the chest in the concept of the human body, so that by means of Velcro 14 is fixed in close contact with the pressure human torso vest 8, depending on the circumstances of the user, adjusting the frequency of the input terminal 22, the pressure input 23, a timing input 30, the switch is opened after adjusting the appropriate sink, so that the motor 20 in accordance with the set value, the pressure through the hose 1 vest periodically conveying air 8 at the same time, the pressure sensor 2 and sensor 3 cough real-time monitoring of the system:

[0052] 1)当压力传感器2检测到压力背心8的压力与预设定的压力不符合的时候,压力传感器2向频率电压转换电路15发出信号,使得频率电压转换电路15向脉冲调节器16输送信号,脉冲调节器16再做适当调节后,控制电动机20向与软管1相连的压力背心8输送空气,待压力传感器2检测到压力信号与预设值相符合的时候,脉冲调节器16停止调节,电动机20保持当前状态向软管1输送空气; [0052] 1) when the pressure of the pre-8 does not comply with the set pressure, the pressure sensor 2 emitted when the pressure sensor detects the pressure vest 2 voltage conversion circuit 15 to a frequency signal, such that the frequency-voltage conversion circuit 15 to the pulse modulator 16 sends a signal, the pulse modulator 16 do suitably adjusted, the motor 20 controls the pressure vest hose 18 connected to the conveying air, the pressure sensor 2 to be detected by the pressure signal consistent with a preset value when the pulse modulator 16 stop regulation, motor 20 maintains the current state of the transport air to a hose;

[0053] 2)当压力传感器2检测到纵向气室25内部的峰值气压与气压检测电路18上的预设值不符时,气压检测电路18向气压脉冲调节器17输送信号,调节后的信号送入气压补偿机21中,利用气压补偿机21传输给电动机20 —定量的空气,补充输入软管1中; [0053] 2) When the pressure sensor 2 detects the preset value does not match the internal chamber 25 of the longitudinal air pressure and the air pressure peak detecting circuit 18, detection circuit 18 sends a signal pressure to a pulse pressure regulator 17, the conditioned signal is sent the pressure compensation mechanism 21 by the transmission 21 to the motor pressure compensator machine 20-- quantity of air, a supplementary input hose;

[0054] 3)当咳嗽感应器3检测到使用者咳嗽信息,即当发生连续咳嗽(彡3次/10秒) 时,咳嗽感应器3将信号送入功率放大器19,处理后的信号控制开关沈,进行断电控制,使得电动机20停止向压力背心8输送空气。 [0054] 3) when the sensor 3 detects cough cough information to the user, i.e. when the successive occurrence of cough (San 3 times / 10 seconds), the cough sensor 3 signals into power amplifier 19, the signal processing control switch Shen, a power down control, so that the motor 20 stops the conveying air pressure vest 8.

[0055] 压力背心8在接收到电动机20送入的空气时,空气通过首先充满金属弹簧圈10, 同时部分气流通过气孔M流入纵向气室25,随着电动机20输送气流的改变,在纵向气室25内的空气将不同程度的从气孔27排出压力背心8,通过不断的更换纵向气室25内的空气,达到对胸腔按摩的效果。 [0055] Upon receiving the pressure vest 8 fed to the air motor 20, air is filled with a metal by first coil spring 10, while the longitudinal part of the airflow flows through the vent plenum 25 M, as the transport motor 20 to change the air flow, the gas in the longitudinal direction air in the chamber 25 is discharged to different levels of pressure vest 8, pleural massage effect through continuous replacement of the air in the longitudinal plenum 25, from the air holes 27 to achieve.

Claims (6)

1. 一种智能型全胸腔高频振荡排痰机,包括软管(1)、压力传感器O)、导线、供电装置(5)、箱体(6)、盖板(7),其特征在于:还包括压力背心(8)、空气振荡机(9)和咳嗽感应器(3),其中压力背心(8)由金属弹簧圈(10)、横向隔膜(11)、纵向隔膜(12)、表皮(13) 和粘扣(14)所构成,金属弹簧圈(10)安装于表皮(13)底部,横向隔膜(11)安装于金属弹簧圈(10)上方,纵向隔膜(12)安装在表皮(13)内部,纵向隔膜(12)上端与表皮(13)内壁上沿连接,下端垂直于横向隔膜(11)并留有空隙;压力传感器(2)作为输入端连接在空气振荡机(9)上,导线(4)连接咳嗽感应器(3)与空气振荡机(9),软管(1)与空气振荡机(9)的输出端连接;供电装置(5)与空气振荡机开关06)相连。 A high frequency oscillating intelligent whole chest expectoration machine, comprising a hose (1), a pressure sensor O), wires, power supply means (5), the casing (6), the cover plate (7), characterized in that : further comprising a pressure vest (8), an air shaker (9), and cough inductor (3), wherein the pressure vest (8) by a metal spring ring (10), a transverse diaphragm (11), a longitudinal diaphragm (12), epidermal (13) and fastening (14) composed of metal spring ring (10) attached to the bottom of the epidermis (13), a transverse diaphragm (11) mounted above the metal spring ring (10), a longitudinal diaphragm (12) is mounted in the epidermis ( 13) the internal longitudinal diaphragm (12) and the upper skin (13) is connected along the inner wall, perpendicular to the lateral lower diaphragm (11) and leaving a gap; a pressure sensor (2) as an input terminal is connected to the air shaker (9) , the wire (4) is connected cough inductor (3) and the air shaker (9), a hose (1) with an air shaker (9) connected to the output; power supply means (5) and the air shaker switch 06) is connected to .
2.根据权利要求1所述的智能型全胸腔高频振荡排痰机,其特征在于:所述的空气振荡机(9)由频率电压转换电路(1¾、脉冲调节器(16)、气压脉冲调节器(17)、气压检测电路(18)、功率放大器(19)、电动机00)、气压补偿机所构成;压力传感器(¾检测到压力信号并将输入到频率电压转换电路(1¾中,转换后的信号送入脉冲调节器(16),调节后送入电动机OO);同时压力传感器(¾还作为气压检测电路(18)的输入端与气压检测电路(18)连接,气压检测电路(18)中产生的信号送入气压脉冲调节器(17),经分析调节后将信号送入气压补偿机中,气压补偿机与电动机OO)相连,电动机OO)的输出端与软管(1)相连;咳嗽感应器(3)作为输入端与功率放大器(19)相连,放大后的信号与开关(26)相连。 1 according to the high frequency oscillating intelligent whole chest expectoration machine as claimed in claim, wherein: said air shaker (9) by a frequency-voltage conversion circuit (1¾, pulse modulator (16), gas pressure pulse regulator (17), pressure detecting circuit (18), power amplifier (19), the motor 00), the pressure compensation mechanism formed; a pressure sensor (¾ detects the pressure signal and inputted to the frequency-voltage conversion circuit (1¾, the converter signal into the pulse modulator (16), the adjusted feeding motor OO); while the pressure sensor (pressure detecting circuit as a further ¾ (18) and the input of the air pressure detecting circuit (18), pressure detecting circuit (18 ) generated in the signal fed to the pulse pressure regulator (17), is connected via signal analysis after adjustment into the pressure compensation mechanism, the pressure compensation mechanism with the motor OO), the motor OO) output end of the hose (1) is connected to ; cough sensor (3) as an input and the power amplifier (19) connected to the switch connected to the amplified signal (26).
3.根据权利要求2所述的智能型全胸腔高频振荡排痰机,其特征在于:咳嗽感应器(3) 安装在压力背心(8)内侧胸腔上方;频率电压转换电路(1¾中安装有频率输入端0¾ ;气压检测电路(18)中安装气压输入端;定时装置(29)与电动机OO)连接,定时输入端(30)固定在盖板(7)上,定时输入端(30)的输出端与定时装置09)的输入端相连。 The whole of the two intelligent machine chest high frequency oscillation expectoration claim, wherein: cough sensor (3) installed in the pressure vest (8) above the inner side of the chest; frequency-voltage conversion circuit (1¾ is installed frequency input 0¾; pressure detecting circuit (18) mounted in the air pressure input; timing means (29) connected to the motor OO), timing input (30) fixed to the cover plate (7), a timing input terminal (30) connected to the output timing unit 09) is input.
4.根据权利要求1所述的智能型全胸腔高频振荡排痰机,其特征在于:压力背心(8) 内部横向隔膜(11)上设有气孔04);纵向隔膜(12)将表皮(13)内部分割成纵向气室(25);表皮(13)由气密性材料所构成,压力背心⑶将人体胸腔包在其中,通过粘扣(14) 固定。 1 according to the high frequency oscillating intelligent whole chest expectoration machine as claimed in claim, characterized in that: a pressure vest (8) is provided inside the transverse hole 04 on the separator (11)); longitudinal diaphragm (12) the skin ( 13) is divided into longitudinal inner chamber (25); epidermis (13) is made of an airtight material, the pressure vest ⑶ human torso bag therein, secured by Velcro (14).
5.根据权利要求4所述的智能型全胸腔高频振荡排痰机,其特征在于:所述的压力背心(8)表皮(13)上端设有气孔(27),气孔(27)与纵向气室(25)连通。 4 according to the whole chest intelligent high frequency oscillating machine as claimed in claim expectoration, wherein: said pressure vest (8) the epidermis (13) is provided with an upper hole (27), hole (27) and the longitudinal (25) communicates the gas chamber.
6.根据权利要求1所述的智能型全胸腔高频振荡排痰机,其特征在于:所述的箱体(6) 将空气振荡机(9)封装成一个整体,盖板(7)安装于箱体(6)上。 1 according to the high frequency oscillating intelligent whole chest expectoration machine as claimed in claim, wherein: said casing (6) the air shaker (9) packaged as a whole, the cover plate (7) is mounted in the housing (6).
CN 200910010814 2009-03-18 2009-03-18 Intelligent full-thorax high-frequency oscillation sputum elimination machine and method CN101507844B (en)

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