CN101502222B - Family ecological cultivation case - Google Patents

Family ecological cultivation case Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101502222B
CN101502222B CN2009100807359A CN200910080735A CN101502222B CN 101502222 B CN101502222 B CN 101502222B CN 2009100807359 A CN2009100807359 A CN 2009100807359A CN 200910080735 A CN200910080735 A CN 200910080735A CN 101502222 B CN101502222 B CN 101502222B
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box
culturing
area
water
family
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CN2009100807359A
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CN101502222A (en
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孙以川
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孙以川
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The present invention provides a family ecological planting-culturing method. According to the method, a planting area and culturing area of the planting-culturing system are placed in a relatively closed space, and furthermore a cubic intensive production is adopted. The temperature and light source required by the culturing are artificially provided. The leftovers of planting area and culturing area are mutually transformed and utilized. The carbon dioxide and oxygen generated between the plating area and culturing area mutually circulate and are utilized. The temperature condition and humidity condition of culturing area and planting area mutually transform. A planting-culturing box is designed for realizing the method. The planting-culturing box is a closed box body. The shape of planting-culturing box is matched with the shape of furniture, and the dimension can be customized according to the customer requirement. The planting-culturing box is divided into a vegetable growing area and a flour weevil culturing area which have a multi-layer structure. The upper part of each layer of vegetable growing area is installed with a water spraying pipe and an illumination device. A breeding box is installed at the flour weevil culturing area. The method of the invention has wide application aspects and is especially suitable for the family using.

Description

The family ecological breeding box
Technical field
The present invention relates to agriculture production technology, especially relate to the zoology breeding plantation technology of household size.The present invention makes full use of the three-dimensional cyclic production pattern of modern system industrialized production in agriculture; On all kinds of new technique means bases such as integrated applied bioengineering, information engineering, solar energy, luminous energy, biomass energy; Industry design through science, system is fully utilized family's resource, realizes the family ecological breeding production of zero discarded, zero pollution, low cost and high benefit.
Background technology
Traditionally, urban family only is regarded as the consumable unit of various resources., be that daily life institute is essential particularly to the consumption of vegetables.Along with the expansion of urban population, vegetables produce and take resources such as a large amount of farmlands, water and the energy.Simultaneously, the processing of a large amount of organic waste materials that urban population produces takies great amount of manpower and land resources.
Therefore; How with family organic vegetable production and biotechnology handle rubbish from cooking interrelated, influence each other, conditional; Form the integrated production system of a kind of new technique, in order to the production that solves one family required multiple organic vegetable 3~5 mouthfuls of people every day, the surplus resource in kitchen that transform 1.5kg every day, simultaneously; Can also improve indoor air quality for family provides new fresh oxygen in process of production; Realize rubbish from cooking resource, minimizing, innoxious, finally realize the rubbish from cooking Processing Industryization, and produce certain economic benefits, solve that urbanization population constantly increases and the contradiction of shortage of resources; In the household new concept, start a completely new concept, start a unprecedented new way in modern times in the agriculture field.
Family ecospecies is cultured and must match with home environment; Make full use of each family function districts such as balcony, parlor, kitchen; And organically combine with it; Exceed and take floor space, for this reason, should circulate organic vegetable production, biotechnology of solid handled rubbish from cooking, animal protein production and provide oxygen to improve the novel family type technology integrated system that family's air quality becomes one.This system bulk general furniture compact and family organically combines, and becomes to have function and attractive in appearance concurrently and be the system of one to help reducing the organic vegetable cost; Reduce fresh-keeping cost, transform rubbish from cooking, produce oxygen; Reduce time cost, reduce healthy cost, reduce and drop into.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to propose home-use three-dimensional kind and culture system; For this reason; A kind of family ecological cultural method is proposed; Combination will planted and culture to this method, form ecospecies and culture system, in the space that this system places same relative closure with the growing area and the culture zone of said kind breed system and adopt the intensive production of three-dimensional; Manual work provides kind of a required temperature and the light source of breed; The offcuts of growing area are converted into the feed that use the culture zone through handling; The offcuts of culture zone are processed biological medium and are offered growing area through microbial action; Carbonic acid gas that produces between culture zone and the growing area and the utilization of oxygen mutual circulation, the temperature and humidity condition of culture zone and growing area is changed each other.
The size in said same space is roughly the occupied space of family's common wealth furniture.Said manual work provides the temperature and the required energy of light source to comprise conventional energy resource, solar energy, wind energy or other clean energy resourcies.
To change each other be to utilize culture zone and growing area to be in together in the limited confined space to the temperature and humidity condition between said culture zone and the growing area; Produce the Natural Circulation realization or air inlet pipe and blast pipe are set through the temperature difference and psychrometric difference, produce the exchange of temperature humidity when carrying out gas exchange through the blower fan air pump in described culture zone and growing area.
Water system, underground water or family's precipitation acquisition system that the water source that said system needs adopts the city to provide solve.
Said growing area plantation bud seeding kind; Yellow mealworm is raised in said culture zone, effectively transforms organic resource waste material, generates live body high protein.
The present invention also proposes to implement family's kind breeding box of said kind of cultural method, and this breeding box is the casing of a sealing, and its profile cooperates furniture style, size can be according to the processing customized of client's needs; Said kind of breeding box is divided into vegetable growth district and yellow mealworm culture zone, and said vegetable growth district and yellow mealworm culture zone are multi-layer framework; Above in the of every layer spraying water pipe and light irradiation apparatus are set in said vegetable growth district, the raising box are set in said yellow mealworm culture zone.
Said box sizes is long 1.0-2.0 rice, wide 0.4-0.6 rice, high 0.8-1.2 rice; The bottom in said vegetable growth district is water receiving layer, vernalization district; Said yellow mealworm culture zone bottom is established regulation box, establishes automatic temperature-control, damping, light modulation, oxygen and carbon dioxide air adjusting device in the said regulation box.
Said regulation box provides power interface, moisturizing interface, light filling interface, gas exchange interface, temperature control interface, humidity control interface and spare interface respectively.
The light source of said light irradiation apparatus adopts the led light source system, and its technical indicator is following:
1. the emission spectrum centre wavelength scope of LED: 630nm-660nm, 500nm-530nm, 430nm-470nm etc., the about 30nm of bandwidth;
2. led light source light intensity: 100lx-6000lx;
3. led light source pulse operation time: 400-600 μ s pulse;
4. be not less than 10000 hours average life;
5. the power supply of led light source: alternating current 220V/50Hz, direct current 12V/24V.
The present invention has also designed another kind of feed pipe, and former feed pipe is designed to two-section, is respectively feed pipe arm and feed pipe and is responsible for; Said arm one end is a nipple, and the other end is female adapter, and the fog-spray nozzle socket aperture is set on the said branch pipe wall, supplies the installation of fog-spray nozzle; On the said person in charge's tube wall female adapter is set, supplies said pipe screw joint to screw in this internal thread hole; Be responsible on the tube wall admitting pipe joint is set, supply water in this joint gets into the person in charge.
Said arm be responsible for after the assembled and the LED plate embeds the bottom of pallet together.
The said person in charge's two ends are respectively nipple and internal thread hole; A plurality of arms and a plurality of person in charge can be through the nipple and the internal thread hole butt joints at two ends; Lengthening increases water pipe in horizontal and vertical length as required, adapts to the needs of different plantation pallets.Simultaneously, control the aperture of said spray nozzle, form the vaporific water smoke that Different Crop needs.
Advantage of the present invention is following:
1, the present invention can use any one area, comprises bomb shelter, naval vessels, passenger-cargo steamer and any inhabited place, and use face is very extensive.Be applicable to various crops, comprise that fruit, melon, leaf vegetables, flowers, group train, grow seedlings etc.
2, family ecological breeding box price of the present invention is low, automaticity is high, and cost effectiveness is high, satisfies general family and uses.
3, household economy remarkable benefit: can stay indoors and just can have the vegetables of fresh no any pollution, can be according to the vegetable variety of the taste plantation needs of own family.Only need buy back seed gets final product; Can plan plantation, adjust the vegetable variety of every day, bring the warm rural area atmosphere of family.
4, pollution-free: as to be called as " environmental protection project ".
5, decoration living circumstance; Can plant, culture oneself again and like practical vegetables, delicious food; Simultaneously can improve indoor air quality; Be one and expand the new and high technology uncharted field, in the household new concept, start a completely new concept, start a unprecedented new way in modern times in the urban agriculture field
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a family ecological breeding production pattern diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is that family ecological breeding production of the present invention drops into and the output sketch map;
Fig. 3 is a family ecological breeding box structural representation;
Fig. 4 is family ecological breeding box light source and water supply installation sketch map;
Fig. 5 is a family ecological breeding box regulation box sketch map;
Fig. 6 is a family ecological breeding box feed pipe sketch map;
Fig. 7 is a family ecological breeding box light-source structure sketch map.
Fig. 8 is another embodiment feed pipe arm sketch map of family ecological breeding box;
Fig. 9 is that feed pipe shown in Figure 8 is responsible for sketch map;
Figure 10 is that feed pipe shown in Figure 9 is responsible for the feed pipe scheme of installation.
Among the figure
Culture cabinet frame 18 moisturizing interfaces for a kind
2 support top connections, 19 light filling interfaces
3 support transition joints, 20 gas exchange interfaces
4 support double end joints, 21 temperature control interfaces
5 slide rails, 22 humidity control interfaces
6 pallets, 23 spare interface
7 crossbeams, 24 spray nozzles
8 support lower contacts, 25 fog-spray nozzles
9 vegetable growth districts, 26 water walls
10 yellow mealworms are raised district's 27 water pipe heads
11 column 28LED combination
12 water and electricity supply crossbeam 29LED plates
13 feed pipes, 30 internal thread holes
13A feed pipe arm 31 apopores
The 13B feed pipe is responsible for 32 fog-spray nozzle socket apertures
14 water supply joints 33 are responsible for internal thread hole
15LED lamp bracket 34 admitting pipe joints
16LED inserting groove 35 flexibly connects sheet
17 power interfaces 36 are fixedly connected sheet
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing technical scheme of the present invention is elaborated.Wherein, Fig. 1 is a family ecological breeding production pattern diagram of the present invention; It is a kind of microsystem production system of matter and energy cyclic design that family ecological of the present invention as shown in the figure is cultured, and this system carries out around solid growth district and three-dimensional culture district (culture zone).Growing area and culture zone are positioned at same space and relative closure, and kind is cultured temperature required and additional employed energy light source is provided by conventional energy resource, and place with good conditionsi also can utilize solar energy, wind energy or other clean energy resourcies; The offcuts of growing area are converted into the feed that use the culture zone through handling; The offcuts of culture zone are processed biological medium and are offered growing area through microbial action; Carbonic acid gas that produces between culture zone and the growing area and the utilization of oxygen mutual circulation; The temperature and humidity condition of culture zone and growing area is changed each other.
To change each other be to utilize culture zone and growing area to be in together in the confined space to the temperature and humidity condition between said culture zone and the growing area, produces Natural Circulation through the temperature difference and psychrometric difference and realize temperature, humidity exchange.Also can air inlet pipe and blast pipe be set in described culture zone and growing area, the air inlet pipe of culture zone and the blast pipe of growing area, the air inlet pipe of growing area is intersected through the blower fan air pump respectively with the blast pipe of culture zone and is linked to each other, and makes the CO of culture zone 2Get into growing area, the O of growing area 2Get into the culture zone, when carrying out gas exchange, produce the exchange of temperature humidity.
The provide grey water system or the family's precipitation acquisition system that adopt the city to provide at water source solve; The zoology breeding system of growing of this family is in the airtight relatively environment; Avoid a large amount of evaporations of Exposure to Sunlight and moisture, only need provide plant growing necessary moisture, belonged to water-saving production system.
The solid growth district adopts the intensive production of sharp three-dimensional in limited space, use artificial daylight, reaches high efficiency output, and its main output is by green vegetables, the kind of high added values such as ornamental flower and green lawn; Family ecological cultivating system of the present invention is more suitable for the plantation of bud seeding kind, and bud seeding kind is that the cultivating seeds of various cereals, beans, tree class goes out edible " bud dish ", is also referred to as " live body vegetables ".
Bud seeding kind salable in the market has: more than 30 kinds such as Chinese toon bud seeding kind, Song Liu, gemmule lettuce, buckwheat bud seeding kind, clover bud seeding kind, Chinese prickly ash bud seeding kind, green black soya bean bud seeding kind, jequirity bud seeding kind, sunflower seed bud seeding kind, radish bud seeding kind, LONGXUDOU bud seeding kind, peanut bud seedling dish, broad bean bud seeding kind.
The Along with people's growth in the living standard, what people more paid close attention to is quality index such as vegetables outward appearance, quality and edible safety.Bud seeding kind is favored by the consumer extensively as being rich in nutrition, high-quality, free of contamination health care pollution-free food.
The culture zone adopts biological method to transform rubbish from cooking and plant leftover, raises yellow mealworm as utilizing, and can effectively transform organic resource waste material, generates live body high protein.
Whole system is not polluted, and collects the production of three-dimensional circulation organic vegetable, biotechnology processing rubbish from cooking, animal protein production and provide oxygen to improve family's air quality to be one, not produce waste material basically, form the circulating biological chain of a small-sized ecology.This system can provide required multiple low cost family's every day, health, nutrition, organic fresh vegetables of 3-5 mouth.In the vegetables production process, can digest 1.5 kilograms of surplus organic wastes in kitchen that family produced the same day, for family provides new fresh oxygen, improve IAQ simultaneously, yellow mealworm be can also culture and animal protein and organic manure produced.This system is that the fresh pollution-free vegetable, the yellow mealworm that a kind ofly integrate the decoration domestic environment, plant oneself needs are cultured and increase income and realize rubbish from cooking resource, minimizing, innoxious system; This system has started tame inhabitation new ideas alive, for Modern City Agriculture has been opened up a new way.
Fig. 2 is that family ecological breeding production of the present invention drops into and the output sketch map; The solid growth district forms three-dimensional circulation plantation production system, and seed, water, medium and nutrient cup are provided, and produces organic vegetable and oxygen; The three-dimensional culture district raises yellow mealworm through the ovum card is provided, and forms kitchen surplus resource conversion system.The yellow mealworm adult is as animal protein and living body bait, and offcuts can be processed into biological organic fertilizer.Oxygen and carbonic acid gas between three-dimensional circulation plantation production system and the surplus resource conversion in the kitchen system, the mutual balance conversion of temperature and humidity.
Whole system dropped into grain weight 0.3kg/ days, and ovum card day is dropped into 0.2 yuan, 0.59 yuan of civil water, electric weight, and medium, nutrient cup: 2.4 yuan, day always drops into: 4.65 yuans; Day output organic vegetable 3kg, output biological organic fertilizer 0.5kg produces out animal protein 0.5kg daily, and a day benefit is 8.75 yuans; Year benefit: 8.75 yuan-4.65 yuan * 365=1497 yuan.
Fig. 3 is a family ecological breeding box structural representation; As shown be the structure of the inner framework 1 of kind of breeding box, this frame structure is in the casing of sealing, and the whole box body size is generally long 1.2 meters, and is wide 0.45 meter, high 0.95 meter; Design size according to the actual requirements.The profile of planting breeding box can also cooperate furniture style, size can be according to the processing customized of client's needs.
Whole kind is cultured case and is comprised vegetable growth district 9 and yellow mealworm culture zone 10, and vegetable growth district 9 is multi-layer framework (only showing one deck among the figure), forms the layer stereo structure through a plurality of pallets 6.The number of plies and every layer height can arbitrarily be adjusted according to actual size, adjust at any time according to the planting vegetable growing height.The bottom in vegetable growth district 9 is water receiving layer, vernalization district.
Which floor yellow mealworm culture zone 10 also is divided into; The bottom of culture zone is the control configuring area.Establish regulation box in control in the configuring area, in establish automatic temperature-control, damping, light modulation, oxygen and carbon dioxide air adjusting device.
The concrete structure that whole kind is cultured cabinet frame 1 is described below: the crossbeam of whole framework and column utilize joint to form.Wherein, support top connection 2, support lower contact 8 and column 11, crossbeam 7 cooperate, and form general frame 1, and general frame 1 is divided into vegetable growth district 9 and yellow mealworm raising district 10 two parts.A plurality of support transition joints 3 and support double end joint 4 are installed in the middle of the column 11; 9 parts in the vegetable growth district, pallet 6 are placed on support transition joint 3 and the support double end joint 4, and vegetable growth district 9 is divided into the layer stereo structure.Yellow mealworm is raised in the district 10, between the front and back support transition joint 3 and between the front and back support double end joint 4 slide rail 5 is being set respectively, and the yellow mealworm rearing-box can push from slide rail 5.The structure of whole framework 1 forms the vegetable growth district 9 that separates and raises district's 10 two parts with yellow mealworm, all the number of plies separately can be set as required.Regulation box is arranged on yellow mealworm and raises in the bottom space in district 10.
Fig. 4 is family ecological breeding box light source and water supply installation sketch map; As shown in the figure, between former and later two columns 11 of left side, water and electricity supply crossbeam 12 is set, longitudinal subdivision becomes 2 isolation channels in the water and electricity supply crossbeam 12.Groove energize and holding wire, another groove is the moisturizing passage.Water and electricity supply crossbeam 12 is provided with water pipe 13 and LED lamp bracket 15 at interval towards the side of pallet 6; Water pipe 13 is received on the water and electricity supply crossbeam 12 through the water pipe connection-peg; The horizontal plane of water and electricity supply crossbeam 12 is provided with water supply joint 14, is provided with in pairs up and down, makes water channel UNICOM up and down.In the middle of the LED lamp bracket 15 is LED inserting groove 16, and LED plate 29 assemblies insert through inserting groove 16.Water pipe 13 is combined as pallet 6 with the LED lamp moisturizing and light filling is provided.
Fig. 5 is a family ecological breeding box regulation box sketch map; This regulation box is arranged on yellow mealworm and raises in the bottom space in district 10.Supply water and power supply control to providing in the whole kind breed flow process.The regulation box side provides power interface 17, moisturizing interface 18, light filling interface 19, gas exchange interface 20, temperature control interface 21, humidity control interface 22 and spare interface 23 respectively.Accomplish functions such as moisturizing, light filling, temperature humidity balance and gas exchange.
Fig. 6 is the feed pipe sketch map; For using water wisely, improve the moisturizing effect, for vegetables provide atomizing spray.Connection-peg is inserted in the water pipe head 27 of water pipe 13 1 ends, with the water channel UNICOM of water and electricity supply crossbeam 12, under running water or water-aspirator pressure; Through 25 ejections of the fog-spray nozzle on the water wall 26 that is arranged on water pipe 13; Spray nozzle 24 bores of fog-spray nozzle 25 are tiny, and water forms vaporific, sprays to crop; Fog-spray nozzle 25 is designed to replaceable, and spray nozzle 24 bores can change as required.
Fig. 8-Figure 10 is the sketch map of another embodiment feed pipe of breeding box; Wherein, Fig. 8 is the feed pipe arm, and Fig. 9 is that feed pipe is responsible for, and Figure 10 is responsible for water inlet pipe installation site sketch map.
Present embodiment is designed to two-section with feed pipe, is respectively feed pipe arm 13A and feed pipe and is responsible for 13B.Arm 13A two ends are respectively screwed water pipe head 27 and internal thread hole 30, and through the joint 27 of an arm in two arms being screwed in the internal thread hole 30 of another arm, arm 13A can extend as required.On the arm 13A tube wall fog-spray nozzle socket aperture 32 is set, supplies the installation of fog-spray nozzle 25.Wherein, the aperture of control spray nozzle 24 forms the vaporific water smoke that Different Crop needs, and is the plant growing moisturizing.Fog-spray nozzle 25 is unique consumable accessorys, and inserting mode is convenient to change.
Be responsible for to be provided with on the 13B tube wall and be responsible for female adapter 33.During use, the joint 27 of arm 13A screws in the internal thread hole of joint 33, on the tube wall of the person in charge 13B admitting pipe joint 34 is set also, supplies water in joint 34 gets into person in charge 13B, gets into arm 13A via joint 33 again.Under pressure, spray nozzle 24 forms water smoke, and arm 13A is in the top of pallet 6, and plant growing is kept the skin wet.Water pipe head 34 has one and flexibly connects sheet 35, is responsible for to be fixed with on the tube wall of 13B to be fixedly connected sheet 36, during installation, flexibly connects sheet 35 and puts into and be fixedly connected sheet 36 and rotate an angle in the direction of the clock, and is fixedly connected sheet 36 and firmly links together.Arm 13A can accomplish butt joint with internal thread hole 30 through the joint 27 at two ends equally, as required lengthening.Equally, be responsible for also and can adapt to different needs through the nipple 27 and the lengthening of the connection between the female adapter 30 at two ends.
Arm 13A be responsible for after the 13B assembled and LED plate 29 embeds the bottom of pallet 6 together, this structure has been saved water and electricity supply crossbeam 12, is that total is compacter, practices thrift the plantation space.
Use the filling pipe of present embodiment, can arrange water pipe flexibly, adapt to the needs of different plantation pallets, easily worn part is changed easily, practice thrift use cost, improve the integrated degree of whole device simultaneously more in horizontal and vertical length.
Fig. 7 is a family ecological breeding box light-source structure sketch map; Light source of the present invention is that Spectral matching is reasonable, efficient, energy-conservation, light, the ecological Novel LED light source system of small size, environmental protection, is used to quicken crop growth, improves its quality, changes the indoor fact that does not have sunshine.
The artificial light source of in plant growing, using at present has fluorescent lamp, high-pressure mercury lamp, metal halide lamp etc., and these light source applications exist shortcoming in plant growing: spectrum is the wire spectral line basically, and undesirable with plant photosynthesis absorption spectrum coupling.Can by plant absorbing be the light of indivedual wave bands, the light of its all band all is wasted, and is not energy-conservation.In addition, these light sources produce more heat transfer, can not the irradiation at short distance plant, and the utilization ratio of luminous energy is not high
The ecological light-source system of novel intelligent of the present invention is that LED illuminator (being commonly called as " Light-Emitting Diode ") replaces the conventional light source system with " the 4th generation light source ", thereby in agricultural production process, can satisfy the needs of plant growing for solar energy flexibly, fully, effectively.In the breeding process of little, atom, the reasonable disposition of light source also is the key factor that influences biological growth with regulation and control.The ecological light-source system of novel intelligent is according to the grow illumination condition of needs of animal and plant; Move " sun " (being exactly the intelligent ecological light-source system) plantation to or culture in the workshop next by spectral technique; This just makes animal and plant can obtain best photoenvironment round-the-clockly, thereby obtains best growth conditions.Thereby make three-dimensional batch production production become possibility.Intelligence light filling system-intelligence imitation sunshine is given the plant light filling, and the emission spectra of energy-saving LED light source led is the band spectrum with certain bandwidth, and wave spectrum is abundant.The led light source waterproof, moistureproof suitable plant growth environment; The little suitable irradiation at short distance of generating heat; Dc low-voltage is safer; Efficiently, energy-conservation, light environmental protection.Turquoise purple LED is combined into light source with blood orange, can carry out the wavelength of spectrum and the allotment of light intensity, makes it to satisfy more the growing requirements of crops.Can improve its output, improve its quality.The spectrum optimum Match that can improve the output of crops and improve its quality and control light intensity, photoperiodic four kinds of LED plant ecological light-source systems automatically, this light-source system reaches efficiently, energy-saving and environmental protection.
The technical indicator of new type light source of the present invention is following:
1. the emission spectrum centre wavelength scope of LED: 630nm-660nm, 500nm-530nm, 430nm-470nm etc., the about 30nm of bandwidth;
2. led light source light intensity: 100lx-6000lx;
3. led light source pulse operation time: 400-600 μ s pulse;
4. be not less than 10000 hours average life;
5. the power supply of led light source: alternating current 220V/50Hz, direct current 12V/24V;
The blue strength ratio of vegetables (estimating) blood orange: 6: 3: 10 optional LED wave-length coverages of all kinds: red: 630-660nm; Orange: 590-630nm; Green: 500-530nm; Blue: 430-470nm; Purple: 380-430nm
The irradiation at short distance seedling is adopted special φ 5mm LED, the turquoise purple LED of the blood orange of luminous angle about the 90-120 degree, and the soft band light source of the side's of composition body, again by high transparent PVC material seal, regular length is a unit joint, but the more piece parallel connection is used during use
Adopt special φ 5mm, luminous angle is at the 60-90 degree.
Red, orange, green, blue, purple LED forms the panel light source, forms some light image vegetarian refreshments by each one of multicolored LED.
Embodiment
1, the actual plantation area of plane is 1 * 0.45 * 3=1.35 square meter; Place 45 plantation dishes;
2, be example with plantation Chinese toon, Turnip Sprouts, oily certain herbaceous plants with big flowers, pea, black soya bean, spring onion: every kind of every day broadcast a dish, Chinese toon needs 12 dishes; Radish needs 3 dishes; The oil certain herbaceous plants with big flowers needs 5 dishes; Pea needs 5 dishes; Black soya bean needs 3 dishes; Spring onion need 15 dishes; After seven days, can have a dish radish, a dish pea, the oily certain herbaceous plants with big flowers of a dish, disc black beans every day; Can have a dish radish, the oily certain herbaceous plants with big flowers of a dish, disc black beans, an incense coil Chinese toon, a dish pea, disc black beans every day after 15 days; Just can on original basis, increase in per 4 days coil spring onion later in 60 days.
3, the seed price is only done reference, is as the criterion with the market price
4, also can be according to the hobby plantation of oneself.Maximum spatial altitude can be planted as long as the vegetables height of seedling is no more than shelf.
5, moisturizing every day is as long as fill it up with water tank about 200 milliliters.
6, add warming plate winter, opened warming plate summer.
7, insert good power plug.Every day monthly consumption 2.5 degree
8, only need every day to put into the seed soaking box to seed, clean free from admixture is put into the vernalization district and is got final product; The vernalization district is at bottom.
Three-dimensional circulation planting vegetable master data table:

Claims (7)

1. a family ecological breeding box is characterized in that, this kind breeding box is the casing of a sealing, and said box sizes is long 1.0-2.0 rice, wide 0.4-0.6 rice, high 0.8-1.2 rice; Said kind of breeding box is divided into vegetable growth district and culture zone, and said vegetable growth district and yellow mealworm culture zone are multi-layer framework, forms the layer stereo structure through a plurality of pallets; Every layer of top, said vegetable growth district is provided with spraying water pipe and light irradiation apparatus, said vegetable growth district plantation bud seeding kind, and its bottom is water receiving layer and vernalization district; The raising box is set in said yellow mealworm culture zone raises yellow mealworm, effectively transform organic resource waste material, generate live body high protein.
2. kind of breeding box according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said yellow mealworm culture zone bottom is established regulation box, establishes temperature adjustment, damping, light modulation, oxygen and carbon dioxide air adjusting device in the said regulation box and power interface, moisturizing interface, light filling interface, gas exchange interface, temperature control interface, humidity control interface and spare interface are provided respectively.
3. kind of breeding box according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the light source of said light irradiation apparatus adopts the led light source system, and its technical indicator is following:
1. the emission spectrum centre wavelength scope of LED: 630nm-660nm, 500nm-530nm, 430nm-470nm etc., the about 30nm of bandwidth;
2. led light source light intensity: 100lx-6000lx;
3. led light source pulse operation time: 400-600 μ s pulse;
4. be not less than 10000 hours average life;
5. the power supply of led light source: alternating current 220V/50Hz, direct current 12V/24V.
4. kind of breeding box according to claim 1 is characterized in that: water system, underground water or the family's precipitation acquisition system that said breeding box employing city provides is as the water source of needs.
5. kind of breeding box according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said spraying water pipe is designed to two-section, is respectively feed pipe arm and feed pipe and is responsible for; Said arm one end is a nipple, and the other end is female adapter, and the fog-spray nozzle socket aperture is set on the said branch pipe wall, and fog-spray nozzle is installed; On the said person in charge's tube wall female adapter is set, supplies said pipe screw joint to screw in this internal thread hole; Be responsible on the tube wall admitting pipe joint is set, supply water in this joint gets into the person in charge.
6. kind of breeding box according to claim 5 is characterized in that: said arm be responsible for after the assembled and the LED plate embeds the bottom of said pallet together.
7. breeding box is planted by family according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: control the aperture of said spray nozzle, form the vaporific water smoke that Different Crop needs.
CN2009100807359A 2009-03-27 2009-03-27 Family ecological cultivation case CN101502222B (en)

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