CN101496499B - Oxyeleotris marmoratus food habit domestication method - Google Patents

Oxyeleotris marmoratus food habit domestication method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101496499B
CN101496499B CN2008100331742A CN200810033174A CN101496499B CN 101496499 B CN101496499 B CN 101496499B CN 2008100331742 A CN2008100331742 A CN 2008100331742A CN 200810033174 A CN200810033174 A CN 200810033174A CN 101496499 B CN101496499 B CN 101496499B
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domestication
food
water
tame
docile
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2008100331742A
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CN101496499A (en
Inventor
黄晓荣
庄平
章龙珍
张涛
冯广朋
赵峰
刘鉴毅
侯俊利
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East China Sea Fishery Research Institute Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences
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East China Sea Fishery Research Institute Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for domesticating food habit of oxyeleotris marmoratus, which relates to the aquaculture. The gradual addition of artificial fodders into fresh and live baits or the addition of a phagostimulant into the artificial fodders needs to be avoided. An indoor cement pond has the water depth of 60cm and the water temperature of between 26 and 28 DEG C. The method is characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps: placing flower pots and tiles on the bottom of the domestication pond so as to facilitate the hiding of the oxyeleotris marmoratus, and covering the upper part of the domestication pond with a light-tight plastic plate; selecting adult fish with the body length of between 14 and 16cm as food habit domestication objects, and on the food habit domestication day, evenly mixing fish meal and water and making strip soft fodders which are gradually fed into the domestication pond according to the size of fish mouths; removing residual baits after the baits settle down into the water; turning off the indoor light source in the food habit domestication process, stopping running water stimulus, keeping a quiet food habit domestication environment, carrying out the food habit domestication one time respectively in the morning, at noon and in the afternoon, setting 30 to 40 minutes for each time of food habit domestication, and setting the food habit domestication quantity not above 1 percent of the body weight; and feeding soft artificial pellet fodders after 7-day continuous domestication, and then feeding artificial pellet fodders after 7-day continuous feeding of the soft fodders.

Description

Oxyeleotris marmoratus food habit domestication method
Technical field:
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture.
Background technology
Clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus (Oxyeleotris marmoratus) has another name called Thailand bamboo shoot shell fish, belongs to goby suborder, Eleotridae, Oxyeleotris marmoratus and belongs to, originate in the rivers, reservoir, lake of the states such as Thailand, Malaysia, Cambodia in Southeast Asia, after introduce a fine variety China.Clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus fine and tender taste, delicious flavour, nutritious, the market price is high and supply falls short of demand, is the famous and precious kind of foreign exchange earning, has wide development and cultures prospect.In the natural environment, the clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus is a predacious fish, be food mainly with small fish, shrimp, shell-fish, mollusk etc. in the water body, when propagating artificially, because its fresh and alive supply of forage difficulty, large-scale intensive culture is restricted, and adopts artificial feed to throw something and feed and can address this problem well.This just need tame its feeding habits, if domesticating method is improper, not only weed survival rate can not guarantee, also can cause individual size uneven, even bring out the cannibalism phenomenon, directly has influence on productivity effect.
About predacious fish domestication method mainly concentrates on the following aspects: according to the characteristics of indoor cement pit and two kinds of environment of outdoor earth pond, analyze the difference that both tame and docile the food result, select suitable tame and docile food environment; Determine the suitable specification of seed domestication; In tame and docile food process, treat by tame and docile fish custom fixedly bait table is of fixed place and time ingest after, in fresh food, progressively add manufactured feed again, reduce the content of fresh food, perhaps change again and feed the artificial feed that add bait, reduce the content of bait then gradually, the manufactured feed of throwing something and feeding fully at last, it is comparatively loaded down with trivial details to tame and docile the food process, and uneven phenomenon takes place seed easily, is unfavorable for operation and management in the intensive culture process.
Summary of the invention
The technical issues that need to address of the present invention are to select to tame and docile food place, environment, tame and docile food subject long size, the bait feed and the tame and docile food process of operating and managing be convenient to is provided, avoids in fresh food, progressively adding artificial feed or in artificial feed, add the loaded down with trivial details domestication process of bait.
Selection of technical scheme of the present invention is tamed and dociled the place of food as the clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus with the indoor cement pit of square, according to the life habit of clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus with to the demand of environment, keep depth of water 60cm, the water temperature (26-28 ℃) in its suitableeest temperature range in control domestication pond, it is characterized in that the place that placement flowerpot, tile things concealed are concealed for the clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus bottom the domestication pond, cover the top of taming the pond with lighttight plastic plate, reduce the stimulation of light; The long scope of selective body is eaten object the adult fish of 14-16cm as taming and dociling, tame and docile and eat the same day, size according to the adult fish bore, make soft into strips feed after directly fish meal and water being stirred, feed is is slowly thrown something and fed in the domestication pond, and the situation of ingesting of observing fish while throwing something and feeding is when feed rests in the water layer, fry upwards moves about rapidly, and fast bait is swallowed; After bait sank under water, fry was not liked and ingests, and at this moment in time these residual baits was removed totally, in order to avoid influence water quality; Tame and docile in the food process, all light sources stop stimulation by running water in the close chamber, the tame and docile food environment of keeping quite, and each tame and docile food of upper, middle and lower noon every day is is once tamed and dociled 30-40 minute food time at every turn, and tame and docile appetite is no more than 1% of body weight; After about 7 days continuous domestication, the artificial pellet that the matter of directly throwing something and feeding again is soft continued to throw something and feed 7 days again, and fish changes anthropophagy worker's pellet all.
The present invention provides its best living environment because at first according to the ecological habit of clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus, reduces the influence of coercing of in the taming and dociling the food process extraneous poor environment factor, creates the suitableeest tame and docile food environment; Then according to the size of fingerling bore, make soft into strips feed after directly fish meal and water being stirred, the last soft artificial pellet of matter of directly throwing something and feeding, avoided in fresh food, progressively adding artificial feed or in artificial feed, added the loaded down with trivial details domestication process of bait, it is obvious to tame and docile the food effect, the domestication rate reaches 100%, does not find the phenomena of mortality in the domestication process; Fingerling behind these domestications passes through artificial repening and hastens parturition after passing through and cultivating into parent population in 1-2 month, and successful reproduction goes out fry.
Embodiment
Select the fingerling specification to tame and docile food the clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus of 14-16cm, the indoor cement pit that adopts square is as the place of taming and dociling food, keep domestication pond depth of water 60cm, the water temperature in control domestication pond is between 26-28 ℃, place things concealeds such as flowerpot, tile in bottom, domestication pond, the place of concealing of seed is provided, covers the top in domestication pond with lighttight plastic plate.Tame and docile food same day, make soft into strips feed after directly fish meal and water being stirred, feed is is slowly thrown something and fed in the domestication pond, the situation of ingesting of observing fish while throwing something and feeding after bait sinks under water, is in time removed these residual baits totally.During taming and dociling food, all light sources in the close chamber, stop stimulation by running water, the tame and docile food environment of keeping quite, upper, middle and lower noon every day, each tamed and dociled food once, the tame and docile at every turn 30-40 minute food time, tame and docile appetite is no more than 1% of fish body weight, after about 7 days continuous domestication, the artificial pellet that the matter of directly throwing something and feeding again is soft continues to throw something and feed 7 days.After adopting this tame and docile food mode, fish changes anthropophagy worker's pellet all, and the domestication rate reaches 100%, does not find the phenomena of mortality in the domestication process.Fingerling behind these domestications passes through artificial repening and hastens parturition after passing through and cultivating into parent population in 1-2 month, and successful reproduction goes out fry.

Claims (1)

1. Oxyeleotris marmoratus food habit domestication method, tame and docile the domestication pond of food as the clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus with the indoor cement pit of square, keep depth of water 60cm, the water temperature in control domestication pond is in 26-28 ℃ temperature range, it is characterized in that the place that placement flowerpot, tile things concealed are concealed for the clouding Oxyeleotris marmoratus bottom the domestication pond, cover the top of taming the pond with lighttight plastic plate, reduce the stimulation of light; The long scope of selective body is eaten object the adult fish of 14-16cm as taming and dociling, tame and docile and eat the same day, size according to the adult fish bore, make soft into strips feed after directly fish meal and water being stirred, feed is is slowly thrown something and fed in the domestication pond, and the situation of ingesting of observing fish while throwing something and feeding is after bait sinks under water, in time these residual baits are removed totally, in order to avoid influence water quality; Tame and docile in the food process, all light sources stop stimulation by running water in the close chamber, the tame and docile food environment of keeping quite, and each tame and docile food of upper, middle and lower noon every day is is once tamed and dociled 30-40 minute food time at every turn, and tame and docile appetite is no more than 1% of body weight; After 7 days continuous domestication, the artificial pellet that the matter of directly throwing something and feeding again is soft continued to throw something and feed 7 days again, and fish all changes anthropophagy worker's pellet.
CN2008100331742A 2008-01-28 2008-01-28 Oxyeleotris marmoratus food habit domestication method Expired - Fee Related CN101496499B (en)

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CN104247682A (en) * 2013-06-27 2014-12-31 叶旖龙 Culturing method for hybrid marble goby
CN103380751A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-11-06 句容市苏苑稻米专业合作社 Culture method of Thai Marble Goby
CN103947586B (en) * 2014-04-15 2015-11-18 新疆维吾尔自治区水产科学研究所 A kind of method utilizing artifical compound feed to tame zander seed
CN103999805A (en) * 2014-05-04 2014-08-27 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所 Food conversion method for improving food conversion success rate of juvenile eleutheronema tetradactylum
CN103989022B (en) * 2014-06-09 2016-02-24 中山大学 A kind of hybridized snakehead fish phagostimulant specially and preparation method thereof
CN106035173B (en) * 2016-07-06 2021-12-14 溧阳市金泉生态科技园有限公司 Fry opening domestication method and device
CN115191383B (en) * 2022-06-08 2023-08-25 广东省农业科学院动物科学研究所 Industrial material conversion and domestication and rough standard cultivation method for carnivorous fish seedlings by using prepared fine feed

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