CN101482303B - Energy-saving consumption-reducing air conditioning method and unit air conditioner of spinning factory - Google PatentsEnergy-saving consumption-reducing air conditioning method and unit air conditioner of spinning factory Download PDF
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- CN101482303B CN101482303B CN200810141529XA CN200810141529A CN101482303B CN 101482303 B CN101482303 B CN 101482303B CN 200810141529X A CN200810141529X A CN 200810141529XA CN 200810141529 A CN200810141529 A CN 200810141529A CN 101482303 B CN101482303 B CN 101482303B
- Prior art keywords
- normal temperature
- air draft
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- 239000003570 air Substances 0.000 title claims abstract description 434
- 238000004378 air conditioning Methods 0.000 title claims abstract description 67
- 238000009987 spinning Methods 0.000 title claims abstract description 32
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One, technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of air-conditioning method and aircondition, particularly relate to a kind of spinning factory energy-saving and cost-reducing air-conditioning method and unit air conditioner.
Two, background technology:
As you know, world today's energy scarcity, contention is fierce, and some big country does not stint for the contention oil and launches a war, and employs the lot of manpower and material resources financial resources and the war machine, strike violently, in order that capture the oil field, the oil output of control a state.Energy shortage, in short supply, environmental pollution, it is to press for one of subject matter of solution in the world today most that present energy-conserving and environment-protective are caused in atmospheric ozone appearance cavity.Along with the continuous progress of science and technology, the human living standard improves constantly, and the working environment of making the life better improves comfort level, increases work efficiency, and is current modern a kind of pursuit.Air-conditioning be make the life better and and improve one of a kind of requisite measure of working environment, for now, spinning factory realizes that traditional air-conditioning will lean on refrigeration station to lower the temperature by the boiler room heating winter summer, burning boiler is discharged great amount of carbon dioxide and dust, serious environment pollution, atmosphere pollution, the thermal efficiency is lower, the energy consumption height; Set up refrigeration station and complicated pipe-line system need drop into substantial contribution, and the maintenance and repair cost is high, allows present stagnant textile industry make the matter worse; The tradition air-conditioning has become a big burden of textile industry, must not abandon, and is unable to bear it on the back; Tie down the survival and development of textile industry.Some little textile mills or the enterprise even stop using traditional air-conditioning of being in a bed economic state cause the summer high temperature high humidity, and winter is not warm wet, consequently working environment worsens, labour intensity increases, and the vicious circle that the production efficiency product quality descends seriously restricts the textile industry development.
On the other hand, textile industry has another big characteristics to be again: the equipment of textile industry is many, and heat dissipation capacity is big, does not have fine utilization for a long time, causes to waste, and is very unfortunate, as 10,000 ingot spinning quantity of heat dissipation in workshop computational charts:
10,000 ingot spinning workshop caloric value computational charts
So seeking a kind of energy-saving and cost-reducing, new air-conditioning method and new aircondition of environmental protection will be the task of top priority.
Three, summary of the invention:
The objective of the invention is: solve the big problem of current textile industry tradition air conditioning energy consumption, make full use of the textile industry own characteristic: equipment is many, and heat dissipation capacity is big, realizes air-conditioning method and unit air conditioner that spinning factory is energy-saving and cost-reducing.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
A kind of spinning factory energy-saving consumption-reducing air conditioning method,
1. according to the concrete condition of each spinning and weaving workshop self, each workshop is divided into N unit conditioned area N 〉=1, self carries out air-conditioning in each unit conditioned area, realize whole workshop air-conditioning afterwards,
2. at high temperature season, comprise spring end, summer, at the beginning of autumn, each unit conditioned area constantly extracts the normal temperature air of this unit conditioned area by normal temperature air draft passage, and carry out udst separation, the amount that augments outdoor fresh air be normal temperature purify the back air capacity 10～50% after, introduce big air quantity air and will cool off the control room cooling indirectly, after carrying out conditioning by each workshop moisture temperature designing requirement, be diverted to the suspention of unit conditioned area by the normal temperature air delivery duct and be fixed in the air-supply comb of ceiling below, be back in the unit conditioned area hot blast that hot air draft passage extracts through the air outlet of air-supply comb, through udst separation, enter in the atmosphere, realize the cooling-down air conditioner of spinning factory at high temperature season
3. at low temperature season, comprise autumn end, winter, at the beginning of spring, each unit conditioned area constantly extracts the normal temperature air of this unit conditioned area by normal temperature air draft passage, carry out udst separation, with the continuous hot blast that extracts of hot air draft passage, the hot blast in the finespun workshop that particularly heat dissipation capacity is maximum carries out udst separation, and introduce in the hot blast air delivery duct, be diverted in each unit air conditioner main frame in other workshop and mix with normal temperature air after the dedusting, the amount that increases outdoor fresh air is that normal temperature purifies air and hot blast purifies air and mixes 10～50% of back amount, by the warm and humid designing requirement in each workshop, carry out sending the normal temperature air delivery duct to behind the conditioning, the suspention that is diverted to the unit conditioned area is fixed in the air-supply comb of ceiling below, air outlet through the air-supply comb, flow in the unit conditioned area, meanwhile, each workshop in other each workshop except that the finespun workshop has at least the normal temperature air delivery duct of a cover unit air conditioner to be communicated with a normal temperature air-supply comb in finespun workshop, the normal temperature air in other workshop is back in the finespun workshop, make each workshop normal temperature air pressure relative equilibrium, shed heat realization spinning factory certainly in low temperature season intensification air-conditioning with equipment of itself in the spinning factory.
4. the hot blast air delivery duct of each each unit air conditioner of workshop interconnects, and the hot blast air delivery duct in each workshop also interconnects.
The area of unit conditioned area is between 300 square meters～2000 square meters, the addition of outdoor fresh air is the normal temperature amount of purifying air or purifies 20～35% of mixing air amount with hot blast, at high temperature season, cool off water-locator water distribution power in the control room indirectly by controlling big air quantity, continuously water distribution or intermittently water distribution regulate and control the air chilling temperature, cool off back air spray strong and weak and continuous spray or intermittent shower by the spray comb to purifying in summer, realize the humidity control of Air Conditioning, at low temperature season, open the connected entrance of air supply passage top and hot blast air delivery duct, regulate hot blast air-supply air quantity control Air Conditioning temperature, or the unlatching photo-tube heater adds the temperature adjustment of hot-air raising air themperature realization temperature, in spring, autumn, winter, humidity was by axial flow mist-spraying cooling fan humidification, by the strong and weak humidity regulation of realizing of spraying.
A kind of spinning factory unit air conditioner of saving energy and reduce the cost, comprise normal temperature air draft passage, the normal temperature air cleaner, the tonifying Qi chamber, big air quantity air cools off the control room indirectly, air supply passage, warm and humid control room, the hot blast air delivery duct, normal temperature air delivery duct and normal temperature air-supply comb, normal temperature air-supply passage and normal temperature cleaner, normal temperature axial flow air exhauster and tonifying Qi chamber are communicated with, big air quantity air cools off control room one end indirectly and is communicated with the tonifying Qi chamber, and the other end is communicated with air supply passage, and air supply passage one end top is by valve plate or explain plate and be communicated with the hot blast air delivery duct, the other end is communicated with the axial flow mist-spraying cooling fan in warm and humid control room, connected entrance is established in other end top, warm and humid control room and normal temperature air delivery duct, and the normal temperature air delivery duct is communicated with each bar normal temperature air-supply comb, and the air behind the normal temperature air-conditioning flows in the unit conditioned area by the air outlet of each bar normal temperature air-supply comb.
Normal temperature air draft passage is established the normal temperature air draft road, normal temperature remittance wind wind pumping channle, the normal temperature air draft mouth, 2-6 rice has the normal temperature air draft road at Horizon at a certain distance in the unit of each spinning factory air-conditioning normal temperature district, normal temperature air in the extracting unit conditioned area, every the normal temperature air draft road is communicated with or the oblique connection with normal temperature remittance wind wind pumping channle near normal, the normal temperature air draft road is provided with four types, the normal temperature air draft open drain, cover plates all on the normal temperature air draft open drain all have air-vent or ventilating groove, the normal temperature air draft ditch, can see on the normal temperature air draft ditch closed cover is arranged, the normal temperature air draft covered conduit, can't see closed cover on the covered conduit, the normal temperature air draft buried pipe, when selecting the normal temperature air draft ditch for use, the normal temperature air draft covered conduit, a kind of in the normal temperature air draft buried pipe is during as the normal temperature air draft road, 1-2.5 rice is provided with the normal temperature air draft mouth at a certain distance, every normal temperature air draft road, normal temperature remittance wind wind pumping channle one end is the sidewalk for visually impaired people, adjacent two normal temperature air draft track pitches are from 2-6 rice, adjacent two normal temperature air draft track pitches from or adjacent two normal temperature air draft mouths distances big, then normal temperature air draft road sectional area is corresponding with the normal temperature air draft open area big, otherwise it is then corresponding littler, when having the more equipment of heat dissipation capacity in the unit conditioned area, near the more equipment of heat dissipation capacity, set up hot air draft passage, hot air draft passage is provided with the hot air draft road, the hot air draft mouth, set up hot blast remittance wind wind pumping channle in case of necessity again, described hot air draft road has four types, it is hot blast exhausting open drain, promptly all cover plates all have air-vent and ventilating groove on the hot air draft open drain, the hot air draft ditch, be to see closed cover on the hot blast exhausting ditch, the hot air draft covered conduit, on the hot air draft ditch, can't see closed cover, the hot air draft buried pipe, when selecting the hot air draft ditch, the hot air draft covered conduit, a kind of in the hot air draft buried pipe is during as the hot air draft road, 1-2.5 rice is provided with the hot air draft mouth at a certain distance, it is the sidewalk for visually impaired people that every hot air draft road or hot blast converge wind wind pumping channle one end, the hot air draft road is communicated with hot blast remittance wind wind pumping channle near normal or oblique is communicated with, hot air draft passage or hot blast remittance wind wind pumping channle and hot blast cleaner, the hot blast chamber is communicated with, and the hot blast chamber is established exhausting window and is communicated with atmosphere, and the connected entrance that hot blast chamber top board is provided with the band valve plate is communicated with the hot blast air delivery duct.
The cross section in normal temperature air draft road or hot air draft road is a uiform section, continuous variable cross section, the step variable cross-section is chosen any one kind of them, for normal temperature or hot air draft open drain, normal temperature or hot air draft ditch, normal temperature or hot air draft covered conduit, normal temperature or hot air draft buried pipe, general furrow width 1-2 rice, ditch depth 1.8-2 rice, the buried pipe interior diameter is got 1.5-2.2 rice, and its corresponding wind exhausting ditch that converges is step variable cross-section or continuous variable cross section, and the air-vent of normal temperature or hot air draft velar plate or inspection socket cover plate or ventilating groove are approximate uniform.
Big air quantity air cools off the control room indirectly or claims big air quantity air indirect cooling controller, comprise sealing chamber, the multilayer ventilation comb that connects end plate or headwall is installed in the end plate of sealing chamber transverse ends or headwall, multilayer ventilation comb top is provided with a water-locator at least, or at least respectively establish a water-locator between multilayer ventilation comb top and the multilayer ventilation comb, air flows to another end plate or the headwall outside from end plate or headwall one side by multilayer ventilation comb, on sealing chamber top or the top cover plate be provided with an atmosphere entry or a logical air pipe at least, collecting-tank is established in the sealing chamber lower end, has at least a side panel or side wall to have a logical atmosphere air intake window at least in the sealing chamber bottom.
Multilayer ventilation comb outer surface is enclosed with absorbent material, multilayer ventilation comb is a pipe, the taper pipe, elliptical tube, taper elliptical tube, square tube, the taper rectangular tube, rectangular tube, tapered rectangular pipe, rhumbatron, the taper rhumbatron, triangle tube, taper triangle tube, regular polygon pipe, taper regular polygon pipe, above-mentioned tubular choosing any one kind of them, or two kinds of pipe boxes dress up compound tube, and the outer tube of compound tube has uniform through hole or uniform groove, collecting-tank is provided with delivery port, water-locator is that the many water distributors that interconnect are side by side formed, and every water pipe is provided with water jet or water jet is installed by designing requirement in certain distance, and the length of water-locator and width are corresponding substantially with the length and the width of multilayer ventilation comb, absorbent material layer is a high-hydroscopicity rock wool material layer, the glass fiber material layer, the plastic optical fibre material layer, the high-hydroscopicity fabric bed of material is chosen any one kind of them.
Air inlet end or air opening end at the multilayer comb are equipped with perturbator, perturbator is that an outer ring and comb port cross section match each other, two approximate vertical blades are installed in the outer ring, vertical blade and vertical direction angle β, 5 °≤β≤30 °, in the level of approximation direction two vibration blades are installed, vibration blade and horizontal direction angle α, 5 °≤α≤30 °, the blade of the shape approximation electric fan of vibration blade; Perturbator is that an outer ring and comb port match each other, and fixedly electric fan or air exhauster are installed in the outer ring, and perturbator is the spring steel wire of an external diameter less than whole ventilation of ventilation comb minimum diameter perforation comb, selects a kind of perturbator according to designing requirement.
Warm and humid control room comprises the mist-spraying cooling fan that the tonifying Qi airway is communicated with warm and humid control room one end, the fog-spray nozzle of mist-spraying cooling fan is connected with the spraying water pump by pipeline, be provided with the spray comb in the warm and humid control room, the spray comb is connected with the spray water pump by pipeline, certain distance in spray comb spray direction is provided with water fender, be provided with water filter in the collecting-tank of water fender back, the other end in warm and humid control room is provided with air heater, it is photo-tube heater, photo-tube heater upper end is provided with and normal temperature air delivery duct connected entrance, and the air-supply comb that normal temperature air delivery duct and suspention are fixed on the ceiling below interconnects, and every air-supply comb and normal temperature air delivery duct connected entrance are provided with control valve, air-supply comb below is provided with air outlet at a certain distance, normal temperature air returns in the unit conditioned area after making air-conditioning, and the air-supply comb is the step varying cross-section duct to be increased and the cross section reduces with length, in the tonifying Qi chamber, air supply passage, cleaner, hot blast chamber, big air quantity air cooling control room, warm and humid control room is provided with hermatic door or inspection door.
The present invention has significant good effect:
1, the present invention makes spinning factory not need Boiler heating winter, only this item, according to measuring and calculating, 400 tons of standard coals of the annual saving of per ten thousand ingot yarns, 100,000 ingot textile mills saved 0.4 ten thousand tons of standard coals in 1 year, about 2,000,000 yuan of joint Zhi Zhehe RMB, reduce by 0.4 ten thousand tons of standard coal traffic expenses simultaneously, can reduce several ten thousand tons of emission of carbon-dioxide and a large amount of dust emission every year again, about 8,000 ten thousand ingots in the whole nation, if all adopt method air-conditioning of the present invention, the national textile industry was saved heating 3,200,000 tons of standard coals of coal in 1 year, and the 1600000000 yuan of costs of cutting down expenses reduce by 4,000,000 tons of traffic expenses, reduced discharging millions of tons of carbon dioxide and dust emission, and reduced the sewage discharge of a large amount of boiler rooms simultaneously in 1 year.
Summer is without refrigeration plant, and it is about 80% to economize on electricity, the energy-conservation about 100 tons of standard coals of per ten thousand ingots, and domestic 8,000 ten thousand ingots, the about 800,000 tons of standard coals of cooling approximately coal of Spring Festival holidays by 500 yuan/ton of standard coals per ton, are cut down expenses 400,000,000 yuans, reduce by 800,000 tons of traffic expenses.
It is about 60% that conditioned water is economized on water, and per ten thousand ingots reduce 2.4 ten thousand tons of waters, domestic 8,000 ten thousand ingots, if adopt this technology year water saving to reach 1.92 hundred million tons, this invention is good invention of benefiting the nation and the people beyond doubt concerning this lack of water country of China.
The air-conditioning of this invention, per ten thousand ingots reduce about 40～50kw, 36.3 ten thousand degree that economize on electricity in per 10000 ingot years, if 8,000 ten thousand ingots all adopt this technology, year economize on electricity 2,900,000,000 degree electricity, every degree electricity calculates by 0.5 yuan and calculates, and amounts to 14.5 hundred million yuan.
2, air-conditioning method of this invention and unit air conditioner small investment, big air quantity air-cooling apparatus is simple in structure, easy to manufacture, easy for installation, do not need artificial low-temperature receiver, need not complicated pipeline system, under identical air-conditioning area condition, its construction costs is to build the boiler room and set up 1/8～1/10 of refrigeration station investment.And operation maintenance is easy, and energy consumption is low, and operating cost has only about 1/10 of traditional air-conditioning expense.
3, the air-conditioning of this invention, environmental protection, this air-conditioning adopts water as cold-producing medium, atmospheric ozone layer there is not destruction, be a kind of more satisfactory environment-friendly air conditioner mode, the high temperature season workshop effluxes hot-air and all handles through udst separation, meets the environmental protection policy of current China.
4, air-conditioning method of this invention and unit air conditioner constantly replenish outdoor new wind, and the working environment air is fresh, the Air Conditioning quality is good, better improves the people's work environment, to increasing work efficiency, improve product percent of pass and have better effect, help staff's physical and mental health
5, another characteristics of this invention are: carry out comprehensive utilization of energy, make a general survey of textile industry, equipment is many, heat dissipation capacity is big, and the hot-air that the finespun workshop is a large amount of is allocated utilization in winter, and this innovative thinking is energy savings both, reduce and pollute, can reduce enterprise's production cost again, present obviously energy-saving and cost-reducing effect, be subjected to testing the favorable comment of producer's unanimity in textile industry.
6, the present invention is through the test application verification, and technical scheme is feasible, remarkable in economical benefits, and the guarantor meets the energy savings that the our times various countries are advocated, and notes the general orientation of environmental protection.
Four, description of drawings:
Fig. 1: one of unit air conditioner main machine structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2: A-A cross-sectional view;
Fig. 3: B-B cross-sectional view;
Fig. 4: C-C cross-sectional view;
Fig. 5: two of unit air conditioner main machine structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 6: D-D cross-sectional view;
Fig. 7: E-E cross-sectional view;
Fig. 8: F-F cross-sectional view;
Fig. 9: one of unit air conditioner structural representation;
Figure 10: two of unit air conditioner structural representation;
Figure 11: three of unit air conditioner structural representation;
Figure 12: four of unit air conditioner structural representation;
Figure 12-1: Figure 12 unit air conditioner main frame enlarged drawing;
Figure 13: one of unit air conditioner air supply duct structural representation;
Figure 14: two of unit air conditioner air supply duct structural representation.
Five, the specific embodiment:
Embodiment one, and test of the present invention textile mills first has about 60,000 ingot production scales.Adopt air-conditioning method of the present invention and unit air conditioner to transform, energy-saving and cost-reducing very obvious.Referring to Fig. 1～4, Fig. 9, Figure 13, Figure 14, concrete performance is:
In one of unit air conditioner main machine structure schematic diagram, for warm and humid control room, each equipment all is public technical equipment, get by choosing, wherein 1 is the axial flow mist-spraying cooling fan, its power model is decided according to the unit air-conditioning area of unit air conditioner, generally use less winter in workshop humidity and designing requirement temperature difference, spray humidification in the exhausting process, axial flow mist-spraying cooling fan 1 is connected with spraying water pump 2 by pipeline, generally in the winter, spring, Qiu Sanji uses, adopt it that the air of normal temperature air-conditioning is increased humidity, 3 is hermatic door, 4 is shutter, 5 is outdoor air air inlet adjustment window, adjustable intake, 6 are the spray comb, when dry weather workshop humidity and designing requirement differ big, generally use in the summer of drying, with the spray comb matching used have the spray water pump 8, spray water pump 8 is connected with spray comb 6 by pipeline, and spraying and establishing cistern 27,9 below the comb 6 is electrical control cubicles, 20 is water filter, be installed in cistern 27 1 ends, in the spray humidification process, airborne small part short fiber is mixed in the water behind the spray, need water filter 20 that short fiber is separated from water, so that water is recyclable, 7 is water fender, and 11 is air heater, can adopt the light pipe heating, when Air Conditioning temperature ratio requires the temperature difference less, start photo-tube heater and add air heat, use in the winter time.10 is inspection door, 12 cool off the control room indirectly for big air quantity air among Fig. 2, claim large wind air indirect cooling device again, cooling control room 12 1 ends are communicated with tonifying Qi chamber 22 and axial flow blower 19, the other end is communicated with air supply passage 23, tonifying Qi chamber 22 1 sidewalls are installed by tonifying Qi window shutter 4 and the air input is regulated window 5, big air quantity air cools off the control room indirectly and is provided with sealing chamber 121, and 121 liang of headwalls 123 of sealing chamber are fixed and passed to multilayer ventilation comb 122, and every ventilation comb 122 outer surfaces are enclosed with high-hydroscopicity textile material layer, ventilation comb 122 is circular, ellipse, conical tube, awl elliptical tube, rectangular tube, other shaped cross breather pipes such as rectangle pipe are chosen any one kind of them, or adopt the rectangle pipe, the compound tube that rectangle canalis spinalis suit pipe or conical tube constitute, the outer tube of compound tube has through hole or groove.The number of plies of multilayer ventilation comb 122 is 8～30 layers, and according to the decision of unit conditioned area area size, area is bigger, and the number of plies is more, otherwise the number of plies is less.Because of pipe, elliptical tube, rectangular tube, conical tube, oval Taper Pipe all are common public casts, so do not draw.
Above multilayer ventilation comb 122, be provided with water-locator 17 (among Fig. 3), water-locator 17 is by manyly forming with water distributor side by side of interconnecting, the length and the width of the length of water-locator 17 and width and multilayer ventilation comb 122 are complementary, be provided with uniform water jet or water jet below the every water distributor, according to the needs that cool, control the weak water distribution of strong water distribution, continuous water distribution, or batch (-type) water distribution, between multilayer ventilation comb 122, also can set up water-locator 17 in addition, set up the water-locator number and decide as the case may be, air cools indirectly between 4 °～10 ℃.Big air quantity air cools off indirectly and is provided with a logical air pipe 16 that passes hot air delivery duct 31 on the top board of control room at least, present embodiment is provided with three, air exhauster is installed in the pipe, take out the devaporation aqueous vapor, below multilayer ventilation comb 122, be provided with cistern 26, be provided with drainpipe in the cistern 26, and be connected with water pump, water can be reused.A lower sidewall of cooling off control room 12 sealing chambers 121 in addition is provided with one at least and is communicated with louver(-vre) 15 with atmosphere, and present embodiment is established three.
Among Fig. 9 32 for the normal temperature air draft road be the normal temperature air draft ditch, totally 5, be continuous variable cross section normal temperature air draft ditch 32,3～4 meters of spacings, cover plate is arranged on the ditch, be provided with 1.5～2 meters of suction opeing 33, two adjacent suction opeing spacings, be provided with uniform air-vent or ventilating groove in the cover plate of suction opeing 33, normal temperature air draft ditch 32 1 ends are french drain, establish inspection socket 34 at the french drain place, normal temperature remittance wind wind pumping channle 35 is that normal temperature remittance wind exhausting ditch 35 is step variable cross-section ditch, and normal temperature remittance wind exhausting ditch one end is a french drain, the other end enters the unit air conditioner main frame and connects cleaner, be provided with dust arrester 21 and disk deduster 18, or only be provided with disk deduster 18, and be communicated with exhausting axial flow blower 19.Cool off indirectly at big air quantity air and to be provided with hot blast air delivery duct 31 on the top board of control room, hot blast air delivery duct 31 is provided with connected entrance 25 in tonifying Qi window 5 upper ends of air supply passage 23, be provided with control valve or flashboard 44 at connected entrance 25 places, with the control hot air flow, above the top board of warm and humid control room, be provided with normal temperature air delivery duct 30, normal temperature air delivery duct 30 is provided with connected entrance 24 with place, normal temperature air delivery duct above the air heater in warm and humid control room is photo-tube heater, open wide throughout the year, the normal temperature air-supply comb 40 of normal temperature air delivery duct 30 below the workshop ceiling is fixed in suspention is communicated with, every the air-supply comb is established control valve 41 at the place of connection with the normal temperature air delivery duct, controls balanced air mass flow.Every air-supply comb is a varying cross-section duct, and 0.6～1 meter is provided with air outlet 42 at a certain distance, and the normal temperature air behind the air-conditioning flows in the unit conditioned area through air outlet, and 43 is the workshop partition wall.
Each workshop in other each workshops except that the finespun workshop has at least a normal temperature air delivery duct 30 in the unit air conditioner main frame to be communicated with an air-supply comb 40 in finespun workshop.Make low temperature season finespun workshop when other each workshop provides hot blast to cause negative pressure, the normal temperature air in other workshop adds in the finespun workshop.
Air-conditioning method of the present invention is: at first each workshop of spinning factory is divided into the unit conditioned area, this test is implemented the opening picking workshop of factory and is divided two unit conditioned area, establishes the unit air conditioner that two cover Fig. 1～Fig. 4, Fig. 9, Figure 13 or Figure 14 form.Start normal temperature axial flow blower 19 at high temperature season (comprising spring end, summer, autumn end), after being axial flow blower 19 and other device start, the normal temperature air of unit conditioned area, the suction opeing 33 of each the bar normal temperature air draft ditch 32 by normal temperature air draft passage is pooled to normal temperature and converges wind exhausting ditch 35 continuously, enter the unit air conditioner main frame, through dust arrester 21 dedustings, or do not establish dust arrester 21, the normal temperature air of band fiber dust enters tonifying Qi chamber 22 directly by after 18 udst separations of disk deduster through axial flow blower 19 extractions.Tonifying Qi window 5 by the tonifying Qi chamber covers the outside atmosphere fresh air, mending amount of fresh air is 10～50% of normal temperature air amount, mixing the back air enters big air quantity air and cools off the control room processing that cools indirectly, detailed process is: air is when big air quantity cools off the control room indirectly or claim the multilayer comb 122 of large wind air indirect cooling device to pass through, water-locator 17 strong water distribution of regulation and control or weak water distributions, or continuously or intermittently to multilayer ventilation comb 122 water distributions, water absorbs the heat in the multilayer drainpipe 122, self constantly evaporates, take away the air heat, enter in the atmosphere by the exhaust column 16 that passes hot blast air delivery duct 31, employing water distribution power, continuous water distribution, or water distribution method intermittently, the temperature of control cooling air is higher or low within the specific limits.The tonifying Qi window 5 of air supply passage 23 is closed, and the connected entrance 25 control valve plates 44 of closing tonifying Qi window 5 tops and the hot blast air delivery duct 31 of air supply passage 23, under the suction of axle wind mist-spraying cooling fan, enter warm and humid control room through the cooling Air Conditioning, the general axial flow mist-spraying cooling fan 1 work spray humidification that uses in spring, autumn, winter, when summer high temperature is dry, then start spray comb 8 spray humidifications, by regulating the spray flux size, regulation and control humidification degree, the short fiber of sneaking into shower water is filtered in water filter 20 work simultaneously, and 7 have the dash effect when spraying for water fender.Fresh air through conditioning enters normal temperature air delivery duct 30 from photo-tube heater 11 top connected entrances 24, the normal temperature air delivery duct is communicated with air-supply comb 40 under being suspended in the workshop ceiling, every air-supply comb 40 is established air flow rate control valve 41, the air of lowering the temperature behind the air-conditioning, flow in the unit conditioned area through air outlet 42, constantly circulate, realize the high temperature season cooling-down air conditioner.Air cooling-down cools scope between 4～10 ℃; At the beginning of low temperature season comprises autumn end, winter, spring, its air-conditioning process is: start normal temperature axial flow blower 19 and other equipment, the normal temperature air of pump unit conditioned area, suction opeing 33 by normal temperature air draft ditch 32, normal temperature air in the unit conditioned area enters the unit air conditioner main frame through normal temperature remittance wind exhausting ditch 35 continually, the hot blast in finespun workshop is opened control valve plate 44 through connected entrance 25 and is entered air supply passage 23 by hot air delivery duct 31 also continually after udst separation simultaneously.In addition through cleaner dust arrester 21 and disk deduster 18, or only establish 18 dedustings of disk deduster, purify the back normal temperature air and enter air supply passage 23 by the multilayer ventilation comb 122 that big air quantity air cools off control room 12 indirectly, water-locator 17 this moment water distribution not, 122 of combs of multilayer ventilation are made breather line and are used, the tonifying Qi window 5 of air supply passage 23 is opened, regulate air compensation, cover fresh air 10～50% as the case may be, hot blast enters air supply passage 23, mix with the normal temperature air after purifying, through axial flow mist-spraying cooling fan 1 spray humidification, reach humidity requirement after, if air themperature is not enough, then start photo-tube heater 11 heating, improve temperature.Fresh air enters normal temperature air delivery duct 30 from the intercommunicating pore 24 of photo-tube heater 11 tops, and the fresh air after will heating by normal temperature air delivery duct 30 is sent in the air-supply comb 40 of conditioned area top, unit, flows in the unit conditioned area through air outlet 42.Because hot blast is sent to the unit air conditioner in other workshops in the finespun workshop, cause the finespun workshop to produce negative pressure, each workshop in other each workshops has at least the normal temperature air delivery duct 30 of a unit air conditioner to be communicated with an ajutage 40 in finespun workshop, the normal temperature air in other each workshops is flowed in the finespun workshop, make the air pressure in each workshop keep relative equilibrium.Realize the intensification air-conditioning of low temperature season spinning factory with the heat dissipation capacity of spinning factory equipment of itself.
Embodiment two, three: referring to Fig. 5～8, Figure 10～11, Figure 13 or Figure 14, the meaning of the representative that numbering is identical with embodiment one among the figure is identical, does not repeat, the normal temperature air air-conditioning of unit conditioned area is with embodiment one, do not repeat, different is that embodiment two, three sets up hot air draft passage, or the hot air draft road is the hot air draft ditch 36 and the hot air draft mouth 37 of present embodiment, and it is that hot blast converges wind exhausting ditch 40 that hot blast converges the wind wind pumping channle.The difference of embodiment two and embodiment three is that the position of hot air draft ditch 40 is somewhat different, and other are all the same.Start the hot blast axial flow blower 19 that is connected with hot air draft passage 40 at high temperature season, by hot air draft ditch 36 and hot air draft mouth 37, the inspection socket 38 of hot air draft ditch 36, constantly extract workshop heat dissipation equipment hot blast on every side, through the cleaner dedusting, cleaner can be installed 2 dust arresters 21 and disk deduster 18, or only establishes disk deduster 18, and the hot blast after the purification enters in the atmosphere by the air conditioning window 5 and the shutter 4 of hot blast chamber 29.Close the valve plate 44 of the connected entrance 28 of hot blast chamber 29 and hot blast air delivery duct 31 at high temperature season.
At low temperature season, extract workshop heat dissipation equipment hot blast on every side, its process is the same with high temperature season, do not repeat, what some was different is, after hot blast air after purifying enters hot blast chamber 29, close the air conditioning window 5 of hot blast chamber 29, allow the hot blast after purifying make hot blast enter hot blast air delivery duct 31 by the valve plate 44 of opening connected entrance 28, the hot blast of hot blast air-supply passage 31 enters in the air supply passage 23 by connected entrance 25 valve plates 44 of opening air supply passage 23, and connected entrance 25 is established flashboard can close and control the inflow hot blast rate fully.Mainly rely on the finespun workshop appliance many at low temperature season, heat dissipation capacity is big, the hot-air in finespun workshop is collected, after the purification, draw by hot blast air delivery duct 31 in the air supply passage 23 of each unit air-conditioner host of delivering to other workshops, realize the intensification air-conditioning of low temperature season, promptly adopt the intensification air-conditioning of the heat dissipation capacity regulation and control realization spinning factory low temperature season of spinning factory self, reach energy-saving and cost-reducing purpose.
Embodiment four: referring to Figure 12, and Figure 12-1, Figure 13 or Figure 14, representative meaning identical with embodiment one, two, three numberings among the figure is identical, does not repeat.Somewhat differently be, in the present embodiment, be provided with two normal temperature remittance wind exhausting ditches 35, the normal temperature air draft ditch 32 of the normal temperature remittance in the right wind exhausting ditch 35 is all in normal temperature remittance wind ditch 35 1 sides, and another normal temperature converges the both sides of wind exhausting ditch 35 and all is provided with 32, two normal temperature of normal temperature air draft ditch and converges wind exhausting ditch and meet and enter the unit air conditioner main frame together, and normal temperature converges wind exhausting ditch 35 and hot blast and converges wind exhausting ditch 40 simultaneously, both have crossings on different level, do not join mutually.Black patch is represented crossings on different level among the figure.Because hot blast remittance wind ditch is longer, when hot blast in the main frame converges axial flow blower 19 power of wind ditch 40 enough greatly the time, article two, hot blast remittance wind exhausting ditch 40 merges together a shared cover cleaner, if hot blast axial flow blower 19 power are less, two hot blasts converge exhausting ditch 40 and respectively overlap cleaner with an axial flow blower 19 and each with one.The high temperature season air-conditioning process of present embodiment four and low temperature season air-conditioning process and embodiment one, two, three are just the same, do not repeat.
At the spinning factory energy-saving consumption-reducing air conditioning method of this 60,000 ingots and unit air conditioner in respect of the opening picking workshop, the comb and rough turn respectively divide two unit conditioned area, each installs one of unit air conditioner of 2 cover embodiment one, totally 4 overlap, the combing workshop is a unit conditioned area, uses a cover unit air conditioner, adopts the unit air conditioner of embodiment four, the winder workshop is divided into 2 unit conditioned area, uses two of 2 cover embodiment two or embodiment three unit air conditioners.The finespun workshop is divided into four unit conditioned area, uses the quadruplet unit air conditioner, adopt embodiment two or three unit air conditioner two, 11 cover unit air conditioners altogether.
According to the spinning factory designing requirement, the design temperature in each workshop and humidity such as following table:
Subordinate list 1: each design of workshop temperature humidity table 1 of first enterprise spinning factory
Subordinate list 2: first enterprise advance copy invention each workshop moisture temperature situation of back such as following table 2:
Subordinate list 3: energy consumption contrast table 3 before and after first enterprise each workshop air-conditioning upgrade of advance copy invention back:
Adopt air-conditioning method of the present invention and unit air conditioner no matter at high temperature season or low temperature season, its air-conditioning effect is all very obvious, make the empty amount of former air-conditioning system total installed capacity reduce 280KW, annual economize on electricity 221.76 ten thousand degree, amount to 110.88 ten thousand yuan of RMB, adopt the present invention's 60,000 ingot production scales to reduce about 14.4 ten thousand tons of water, about 25.9 ten thousand yuan, close boiler room year and save 2400 tons of standard coals, about 500.0 yuan of mark coal per ton is amounted to about 1,200,000 yuan of RMB, exempts from 24 kettleman, year saves wage and pays about 450,000 yuan, and closing boiler is that enterprise cuts down expenses about altogether 1,650,000 yuan.For one 60,000 ingot textile enterprise, use air-conditioning method of the present invention and unit air conditioner, enterprise is transformed, close the boiler room, close refrigeration station, over a year for industry energy conservation lowers consumption about 281.78 ten thousand yuan, and low temperature season air-conditioning temperature substantially exceeds design load, can better meet design requirement.Referring to table 2.
Test of the present invention textile enterprise second, production scale is about 30,000 ingots, unit air conditioner that Fig. 1-Figure 14 is combined into totally 9 covers are used in each workshop, and its verification experimental verification air-conditioning method of the present invention and unit air conditioner are basic with to test textile enterprise's first identical, and details no longer repeat.What some was different is that unit conditioned area area is less, and normal temperature air draft ditch and hot air draft ditch are shorter relatively, and all the other do not have difference.
After the present invention tested transformation, this textile enterprise's year reduced by 12 kettleman, and joint props up about 200,000.1800 tons of marks of annual unburned saving coals from boiler coal is roughly equal to 900,000 yuan, and former summer is with 7 phreatic water cooling-down air conditioners, and is existing only with a glance, save 6 phreatic waters, about 120,000 yuan of the annual energy charge of every phreatic water, joint 720,000 yuan, saved altogether in 1 year and prop up about 1,820,000 yuan, equaling enterprise increases by 1,820,000 yuan of profits.Simultaneously the air-conditioning work environment is greatly improved, low temperature season particularly, and the workshop temperature obviously improves.If increase water-locator high temperature season workshop temperature can reduce again.
Referring to Workshop Production humiture comparison sheet 4 before and after transforming.
Subordinate list 4: second enterprise each workshop moisture temperature comparison sheet of advance copy invention back
Comprehensively above-mentioned, two textile enterprise adopt the present invention to test, air-conditioning method of the present invention and unit air conditioner, technical scheme is feasible, the verification experimental verification proof utilizes the present invention obviously energy-saving and cost-reducing, 60,000 enterprises of splitting prop up and reach 281.78 ten thousand yuan in the Spring Festival holidays, 30,000 about 1,820,000 yuan of the enterprises of splitting, and economic benefit is considerable.The reforming enterprise that is put to the test is deeply welcome.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN200810141529XA CN101482303B (en)||2008-10-07||2008-10-07||Energy-saving consumption-reducing air conditioning method and unit air conditioner of spinning factory|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN200810141529XA CN101482303B (en)||2008-10-07||2008-10-07||Energy-saving consumption-reducing air conditioning method and unit air conditioner of spinning factory|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN101482303A CN101482303A (en)||2009-07-15|
|CN101482303B true CN101482303B (en)||2010-08-11|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN200810141529XA CN101482303B (en)||2008-10-07||2008-10-07||Energy-saving consumption-reducing air conditioning method and unit air conditioner of spinning factory|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN101482303B (en)|
Families Citing this family (9)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CN102679467B (en) *||2011-03-14||2015-01-07||石家庄奥祥医药工程有限公司||Air-conditioner ventilating system for pretreatment workshop for dairy product production|
|CN102162146A (en) *||2011-04-14||2011-08-24||张家港保税区炬德化纤有限公司||Exhaust device for cooling melt yarns|
|CN102261708B (en) *||2011-06-10||2013-08-07||西安工程大学||Indirect-evaporative-cooling-based small and large environment energy-saving air conditioning system for spinning mill|
|CN102418970B (en) *||2011-10-31||2013-10-23||郑涛||Combined energy-saving air-conditioning unit special for textile mill|
|CN102607125A (en) *||2012-04-16||2012-07-25||宏太（中国）有限公司||Energy-saving environment-friendly system and method for realizing temperature and humidity of workshop|
|CN102853493A (en) *||2012-09-04||2013-01-02||昆山市万丰制衣有限责任公司||Thermal energy transferring method and device of textile workshop|
|WO2015018109A1 (en) *||2013-08-09||2015-02-12||Lu Fengan||Environmentally-friendly and energy-saving intelligent clean plant system of constant temperature and humidity|
|CN106500215A (en) *||2016-11-04||2017-03-15||河南省新斗彩印刷有限公司||Workshop low power consuming highly effective refrigeration machine|
|CN107152759A (en) *||2017-05-24||2017-09-12||成都市开悦化纤有限公司||A kind of intelligent factory building for adjusting factory's humidity|
- 2008-10-07 CN CN200810141529XA patent/CN101482303B/en not_active IP Right Cessation
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Granted publication date: 20100811
Termination date: 20151007
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