CN101476350A - Prefabricated house - Google Patents

Prefabricated house Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101476350A
CN101476350A CNA2008101630027A CN200810163002A CN101476350A CN 101476350 A CN101476350 A CN 101476350A CN A2008101630027 A CNA2008101630027 A CN A2008101630027A CN 200810163002 A CN200810163002 A CN 200810163002A CN 101476350 A CN101476350 A CN 101476350A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
prefabricated component
prefabricated
type
house
bindiny
Prior art date
Application number
CNA2008101630027A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
华玉武
Original Assignee
华玉武
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 华玉武 filed Critical 华玉武
Priority to CNA2008101630027A priority Critical patent/CN101476350A/en
Publication of CN101476350A publication Critical patent/CN101476350A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a house assembled by prefabricated members, which comprises metope (column) slab prefabricated members, beam prefabricated members, floor (foundation) slab prefabricated members, roof slab prefabricated members, valley prefabricated members, staircase prefabricated members and connecting mechanisms. The overall dimension of the prefabricated members adopts a unified building module, and the prefabricated members can be assembled into various types of houses with different storey heights and can be prefabricated into standard members in advance for storage in batch. Due to the tensioning function of the connecting mechanisms, the overall stress of the assembled house is more reasonable, and simultaneously the tightening and sealing effect between the connected prefabricated members can be achieved by treating the prefabricated members through dry process. The invention shortens the construction period of building construction, and reduces the integrated cost of social construction because the prefabricated members can be disassembled and recycled. The house assembled by the prefabricated members has actual significance in the aspects of promoting resource intensification and building industrialization.

Description

A kind of prefabricated housing
Technical field
The present invention relates to the assembled housing building field, be specially a kind of prefabricated component house assembled of using.
Background technology
Prefabricated component in original assembled housing could be prefabricated after must formerly designing the engineering construction drawing, and is very difficult general in other engineering, therefore can not and lay in a large number in advance in manufacturing shop batch standardized production.Only be the simple connection under situation in place naturally between the prefabricated component, do not carry out the prestressing force tensioning, make assembling back overall construction intensity reduce.Also need to carry out wet type worker method construction processing between the prefabricated component of original assembled housing to reach the purpose of sealing.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of general prefabricated component of can go ahead of the rest standardized production and lot size stock, can be assembled into the house of various house types and different floor heights according to different instructions for uses with prefabricated component.Bindiny mechanism implements the prestressing force tensioning in when assembling between to prefabricated component and handles, and has strengthened the bearing load ability in whole house, assembling back.By the tension of bindiny mechanism, make to be connected the effect that adopts the construction of dry type worker method can reach the jam-packed sealing between the prefabricated component simultaneously, avoided the unfavorable factor and the construction cost that bring because of the construction of wet type worker method.
The present invention adopts following technical scheme to realize: the present invention is a kind of prefabricated component house assembled of using.Comprise + ,-, Type metope (post) plate prefabricated component, " + ,-" beam prefabricated of type, " Z, T " type flooring (basis) plate prefabricated component, "-, " type roof panel prefabricated component, " -" type gutter prefabricated component, stair prefabricated component and bindiny mechanism.Except that bindiny mechanism, the appearance and size of all the other prefabricated components all adopts unified construction module, makes that multipotency connects at six direction in spaces between the prefabricated component, is assembled into the house of various house types and different floor heights.Be connected the prefabricated component end face and be designed to tongue-and-groove type, and foam strip class dry type water-proof sealing strip is set at the tongue-and-groove type end face, utilize bindiny mechanism to have prestressing force tensioning function, make that the house integrated carrying ability after the assembling improves, the sealing between the prefabricated component also is guaranteed.
Can at first release the building construction series of various house types and style before the present invention carries out and select, also can carry out menu mode and order goods in conjunction with client's individual sexual demand for client.Predetermined various unit house type is added up integration, finally determine house type, floor height and the style of whole building building.By the mechanical analysis of computer software, will put in order the house, building and be decomposed into the assembly of assembling by above-mentioned various prefabricated components (similar playing with building blocks equally).With kind, the quantity of various prefabricated components put in order weave after the statistics outbound single, drawn installation drawing, can implement the assembly working in house at the scene.This invention is applicable to various villas, low layer and multistory building, in high level, super highrise building and other prefabricated component assembling field the certain experiences meaning is arranged also.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the foundation layout plan of assembled housing of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the Stilt layer layout plan of assembled housing of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the typical floor plan arrangement diagram of assembled housing of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the top layer layout plan of assembled housing of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the roof plan arrangement diagram of assembled housing of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the front elevation view of assembled housing of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the side elevational view of assembled housing of the present invention
Fig. 8 is the sectional drawing of assembled housing of the present invention;
Fig. 9 be " + ,-, " organigram of type metope (post) plate prefabricated component;
Figure 10 be " + ,-" organigram of beam prefabricated of type;
Figure 11 is the organigram of " Z, T " type flooring (basis) plate prefabricated component;
Figure 12 be "-, " organigram of type roof panel prefabricated component;
Figure 13 be " -" organigram of type gutter prefabricated component;
Figure 14 is the organigram of stair prefabricated component;
Figure 15 is the front view and the sectional view of bindiny mechanism;
Figure 16 is the three-dimensional assembling schematic diagram of bindiny mechanism.
The specific embodiment
The ginseng accompanying drawing, the prefabricated component assembled house is specifically assembled by following operating procedure:
1, Ji Chu assemble method:
(1), strip foundation: with in beam prefabricated Type prefabricated component (21) is as in metope (post) the plate prefabricated component Type prefabricated component (11) The type basis; With in beam prefabricated Type prefabricated component (22) is as in metope (post) the plate prefabricated component Type prefabricated component (12) The type basis; With "+" type basis of "+" type prefabricated component (23) in beam prefabricated as "+" type prefabricated component (13) in metope (post) the plate prefabricated component; With "-" type basis of "-" type prefabricated component (24) in beam prefabricated as "-" type prefabricated component (14) in metope (post) the plate prefabricated component.Like this, beam prefabricated with beam prefabricated between, beam prefabricated with metope (post) plate prefabricated component between corresponding prefabricated component be connected the strip foundation that just has been assembled into the house by bindiny mechanism.
(2), raft foundation: { promptly corresponding flooring (basis) plate prefabricated component { promptly corresponding " Z " type prefabricated component (31) or T-shape prefabricated component (32), down together } and above-mentioned strip foundation central sill prefabricated component Type prefabricated component (21), Type prefabricated component (22), "+" type prefabricated component (23), "-" type prefabricated component (24), } horizontal cantilevered structure promptly is assembled into raft foundation by the junctor connection down together.
(3), box foundation: existing metope (post) plate prefabricated component in above-mentioned raft foundation is { promptly corresponding Type prefabricated component (11), Type prefabricated component (12), "+" type prefabricated component (13), "-" type prefabricated component (14), down with top connect corresponding metope (post) plate prefabricated component and make it reach design elevation by bindiny mechanism again after, increase the exterior wall of tie-beam prefabricated component assembling boxlike-forming basis Shu in the above by bindiny mechanism; Spacing according to interior vertical wall and interior cross wall in the definite box foundation of structural calculation is divided, with the interior vertical wall and the interior cross wall on the method assembling boxlike-forming basis of assembling box foundation exterior wall, the horizontal cantilevered structure of indulging the respective beam prefabricated component in wall, interior cross wall, the exterior wall in flooring (basis) plate prefabricated component and the box foundation has been assembled top board into box foundation by bindiny mechanism.So far, whole box foundation assembling is finished.
2, the assemble method of house Stilt layer:
(top board of box foundation also can be used as the ground panel of house Stilt layer at above-mentioned strip foundation or raft foundation, if have the discrepancy in elevation then will assemble in addition) in, when the upper surface of existing metope (post) plate prefabricated component does not reach the absolute altitude of designing requirement, connection by bindiny mechanism continues upwards to assemble corresponding prefabricated component in metope (post) the plate prefabricated component, till the absolute altitude of its upper surface reaches designing requirement.On metope (post) plate prefabricated component, upwards increase the ground collar tie beam that the tie-beam prefabricated component is assembled into the house Stilt layer then by bindiny mechanism.Assembled the ground panel into house Stilt layer of the horizontal cantilevered structure of the ground collar tie beam of flooring (basis) plate prefabricated component and above-mentioned Stilt layer by bindiny mechanism.
On the collar tie beam of the ground of above-mentioned Stilt layer, upwards repeatedly increase the body of wall that connection metope (post) plate prefabricated component is assembled into the house Stilt layer, will reserve corresponding holes such as door and window, staircase, escalator during assembling by bindiny mechanism.
When house Stilt layer body of wall assembled height reaches the absolute altitude of designing requirement, on the superiors' metope (post) plate prefabricated component, increase the end face collar tie beam that the tie-beam prefabricated component is assembled into the house Stilt layer by bindiny mechanism; The end face collar tie beam of flooring (basis) plate prefabricated component and house Stilt layer is assembled into the end face floor { being the ground floor of its upper strata typical floor } of house Stilt layer by bindiny mechanism.Wherein, when assembling, corresponding holes such as staircase, elevator shaft, chimney, piping shaft to have been reserved; The balcony of layer, canopy etc. are also finished with similar assemble method together.
3, the assemble method of house typical floor:
On the end face collar tie beam of house Stilt layer, upwards repeatedly increase the body of wall that connection corresponding metope (post) plate prefabricated component is assembled into the house typical floor, will reserve corresponding holes such as door and window, staircase, escalator during assembling by bindiny mechanism.
When house typical floor body of wall assembled height reaches the absolute altitude of designing requirement, on metope (post) plate prefabricated component, increase corresponding beam prefabricated of connection and be assembled into house typical floor end face collar tie beam by bindiny mechanism; The horizontal cantilevered structure of flooring (basis) plate prefabricated component and house typical floor end face collar tie beam is assembled into the end face floor (being the ground panel of house last layer typical floor) of house typical floor by bindiny mechanism.Wherein, when assembling, corresponding holes such as staircase, elevator shaft, chimney, piping shaft to have been reserved; The balcony of layer, canopy etc. are also finished with similar assemble method together.
4, the assemble method of house top layer:
On the end face collar tie beam of last layer house typical floor, upwards repeatedly increase and connect corresponding metope (post) plate prefabricated component { accordingly promptly by bindiny mechanism Type prefabricated component (11), Type prefabricated component (12), "+" type prefabricated component (13), "-" type prefabricated component (14), Type prefabricated component (15), down be assembled into the body of wall of house top layer, to reserve corresponding holes such as door and window, staircase, escalator during assembling.
When house top wall assembled height and the gradient reach the absolute altitude of designing requirement, on the superiors' metope (post) plate prefabricated component by bindiny mechanism connect the roof panel prefabricated component promptly accordingly "-" type prefabricated component 41, Type prefabricated component 42), be assembled into the top layer roofing down together }.Wherein, the time to reserve out the corresponding holes such as staircase, escalator, chimney, piping shaft of roofing in assembling.
5, the assemble method of gutter:
The wall outside at the end face collar tie beam of last layer house typical floor connects the gutter prefabricated component { accordingly promptly by bindiny mechanism Type prefabricated component (51), "-" type prefabricated component (52) } be assembled into the drainage gutter that connects all around, to note rationally being distributed with the gutter prefabricated component of leader interface during assembling by designing requirement.
6, the assemble method of stair:
The interlayer half space absolute altitude place of staircase will connect beam prefabricated collar tie beam (collar tie beam at every floor face absolute altitude place is just finished with corresponding beam prefabricated assembling) that is assembled into house staircase interlayer half space in advance when the house floor is assembled when assembling staircase body of wall.The horizontal cantilevered structure of the collar tie beam (or the collar tie beam at flooring absolute altitude place) of flooring (basis) plate prefabricated component and house staircase interlayer half space is assembled into the interlayer half space (or flooring half space of staircase) of staircase by bindiny mechanism.By bindiny mechanism the two ends of stair prefabricated component (61) are assembled into a flight of stairs bench with the interlayer half space of staircase with flooring half space between terraced respectively.All the other bench use the same method to assemble and finish.On the tread of stair prefabricated component (61), be provided with the guard rail that built-in fitting can assemble into stair with railing, handrail etc.
7, the assemble method of bindiny mechanism:
Bindiny mechanism is made up of connecting screw rod (71), embedded tapered cup nut (72), pad (73) and tensioning junction plate (74), the circular bolt holes diameter that is connected prefabricated component matches with the diameter of connecting screw rod (71), and the bolt hole on the tensioning junction plate (74) is water droplet shape, the less stomidium footpath of water droplet shape bolt hole matches with the diameter of the middle conical section of embedded tapered cup nut (72) than small end, and the big stomidium footpath of water droplet shape bolt hole matches with the diameter of the bigger end of conical section in the embedded tapered cup nut (72).When just beginning to connect, the less stomidium heart of the water droplet shape bolt hole on the tensioning junction plate (74) is corresponding with the circular bolt holes heart that is connected prefabricated component.After earlier connecting screw rod (71) being passed the less stomidium heart of the water droplet shape bolt hole on the tensioning junction plate (74) and being connected the circular bolt holes of prefabricated component, just twist embedded tapered cup nut (72) and be located by connecting temporarily.Along with being screwed into gradually of embedded tapered cup nut (72), its interior cone diameter of water droplet shape bolt hole that enters on the tensioning junction plate (74) also changes from small to big, force embedded tapered cup nut (72) to move to the bigger end in aperture than small end from the aperture of water droplet shape bolt hole, thereby drive connecting screw rod (71) and be connected the also same moved further of prefabricated component, finally make adjacent being connected all draw close jam-packed between the prefabricated component mutually.The main effect of its Intermediate gasket (73) is the friction factor when bearing the tensioning pulling force of connecting bolt and minimizing relative displacement.Only be the schematic diagram of bindiny mechanism's assembling mode in the accompanying drawing, specification, quantity and the material etc. of related accessory are by determining separately behind the force analysis in concrete enforcement.
House of the present invention all prefabricated components from the basis to the roof are prefabricated forming in the manufacturing shop in advance, and shift to an earlier date lot size stock according to the market demand, obtained sufficient assurance in quality control with on the supply time.Simultaneously ancillary facilities such as door and window, water power, HVAC, furniture and appliances, floor, furred ceiling, decoration accessory, sanitaryware and kitchen tools are carried out accessory processing, make its appearance and size and installation dimension meet the construction module in house of the present invention, can directly move in use by connecting interfaces such as water power after the assembled on site.

Claims (4)

1, the present invention is a kind of house that assembles with prefabricated component.Comprise ⊥ ,+,-, Type metope (post) plate prefabricated component, ⊥ ,+,-" beam prefabricated of type, " Z, T " type flooring (basis) plate prefabricated component, ", Type roof panel prefabricated component, -" type gutter prefabricated component, stair prefabricated component and bindiny mechanism.It is characterized in that: except that bindiny mechanism, remaining prefabricated component appearance and size all with certain numerical value A as construction module.
2, the house that assembles with prefabricated component as claimed in claim 1 is characterized by: the appearance and size of described metope (post) plate prefabricated component is the multiple of A; Described beam prefabricated appearance and size is the multiple of A; The appearance and size of described flooring (basis) plate prefabricated component is the multiple of A; The length of described roof panel prefabricated component is the multiple of A, and width dimensions is Multiple; The appearance and size of described gutter prefabricated component is the multiple of A; The profile horizontal projection of described stair prefabricated component is of a size of the multiple of A.Wherein " ⊥ ,+,-" middle part of beam prefabricated of type is provided with horizontal cantilevered structure and can be connected in the horizontal direction with other prefabricated components.
3, as the used prefabricated component of assembled house as described in the claim 1,2, it is characterized by: except that bindiny mechanism, the connection end face of all the other prefabricated components all is designed to the tongue-and-groove type end face, and the tongue-and-groove type end is provided with dry-type encapsulated of foam class.
4, as claim 1,2, the 3 described houses that assemble with prefabricated component, it is characterized by: also comprise bindiny mechanism, bindiny mechanism is made up of connecting screw rod, embedded tapered cup nut, pad and tensioning junction plate.Connecting bolt hole on the tensioning junction plate is the water droplet shape.
CNA2008101630027A 2008-12-11 2008-12-11 Prefabricated house CN101476350A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008101630027A CN101476350A (en) 2008-12-11 2008-12-11 Prefabricated house

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102213008A (en) * 2010-03-19 2011-10-12 特丽斯娜·韦嘉嘉·库苏马 Multi-story buildings from prefabricated concrete components
CN101988305B (en) * 2009-08-05 2012-06-13 徐泽樟 Novel low-layer prefabricated assembled steel structure house system
CN105178265A (en) * 2015-10-10 2015-12-23 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 Roller compacted concrete dam prefabricated stairwell
CN105484360A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-04-13 朱方勇 Multipurpose house module technology through which construction is fast and repeated disassembly and assembly are easy
CN105649196A (en) * 2016-01-15 2016-06-08 山东乾元泽孚科技股份有限公司 Modularized building system
CN105863339A (en) * 2015-01-22 2016-08-17 傅礼铭 Assembled garage
CN105908841A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-08-31 浙江越宫钢结构有限公司 Prefabricated house convenient and rapid to assemble and disassemble and capable of being recycled
CN106013460A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-10-12 浙江越宫钢结构有限公司 Assembling type house capable of being repeatedly disassembled and assembled
CN106245776A (en) * 2016-09-20 2016-12-21 中通钢构股份有限公司 A kind of assembly concrete house close cylinder system

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101988305B (en) * 2009-08-05 2012-06-13 徐泽樟 Novel low-layer prefabricated assembled steel structure house system
CN102213008A (en) * 2010-03-19 2011-10-12 特丽斯娜·韦嘉嘉·库苏马 Multi-story buildings from prefabricated concrete components
CN102213008B (en) * 2010-03-19 2014-06-11 特丽斯娜·韦嘉嘉·库苏马 Multi-story buildings from prefabricated concrete components
CN105863339A (en) * 2015-01-22 2016-08-17 傅礼铭 Assembled garage
CN105178265A (en) * 2015-10-10 2015-12-23 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 Roller compacted concrete dam prefabricated stairwell
CN105484360A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-04-13 朱方勇 Multipurpose house module technology through which construction is fast and repeated disassembly and assembly are easy
CN105649196A (en) * 2016-01-15 2016-06-08 山东乾元泽孚科技股份有限公司 Modularized building system
CN105908841A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-08-31 浙江越宫钢结构有限公司 Prefabricated house convenient and rapid to assemble and disassemble and capable of being recycled
CN106013460A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-10-12 浙江越宫钢结构有限公司 Assembling type house capable of being repeatedly disassembled and assembled
CN106245776A (en) * 2016-09-20 2016-12-21 中通钢构股份有限公司 A kind of assembly concrete house close cylinder system
CN106245776B (en) * 2016-09-20 2017-08-25 中通钢构股份有限公司 A kind of close cylinder system in assembly concrete house

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Open date: 20090708