CN101471855B - Communication equipment and application method and system thereof - Google Patents

Communication equipment and application method and system thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101471855B
CN101471855B CN 200710125729 CN200710125729A CN101471855B CN 101471855 B CN101471855 B CN 101471855B CN 200710125729 CN200710125729 CN 200710125729 CN 200710125729 A CN200710125729 A CN 200710125729A CN 101471855 B CN101471855 B CN 101471855B
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p2p
plurality
communication
service
communication device
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CN 200710125729
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CN101471855A (en )
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范云松
杨波
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华为终端有限公司
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L12/00Data switching networks
    • H04L12/28Data switching networks characterised by path configuration, e.g. local area networks [LAN], wide area networks [WAN]
    • H04L12/2854Wide area networks, e.g. public data networks
    • H04L12/2856Access arrangements, e.g. Internet access
    • H04L12/2858Access network architectures
    • H04L12/2859Point-to-point connection between the data network and the subscribers

Abstract

本发明公开了一种通信设备及其应用方法、系统,该通信设备包括多个P2P客户端以及与其相连的服务单元,其中,所述P2P客户端,用于向所述P2P客户端对应的P2P网络发送通信请求;所述服务单元,用于从所述多个P2P客户端对应的P2P网络中选择一个P2P网络,并根据所述请求的结果,为所述通信设备管理的终端设备提供服务。 The present invention discloses a communication device and its application method, system, the communication device comprises a plurality of P2P client and a service unit connected thereto, wherein the P2P client is configured to correspond to the P2P client P2P network sends a communication request; the service unit, corresponding to said plurality of P2P client from the P2P network to select a P2P network, and based on a result of the request to provide services for the terminal device of the communication device management. 采用本发明提供的通信设备及其应用方法、系统,能够支持用户的各类服务请求,并且打破设备支持格式不统一导致的资源分享障碍,实现网络资源在不同设备上的充分分享。 The use of communication equipment and its application method of the present invention to provide a system to support users of all types of service requests, and to break the format is not supported by the device leading to a uniform resource sharing obstacles to achieve full sharing of network resources on different devices.

Description

一种通信设备及其应用方法、系统 A communication device and method of application, the system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及通信领域,尤其涉及一种通信设备及其应用方法、系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to communication field, and particularly relates to apparatus and method for use in a communication system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着数字技术的发展和生活水平的提高,P2P、IPTV、VoIP以及数字家庭的概念越来越普及。 [0002] With the improvement of living standards and the development of digital technology, P2P, IPTV concept, VoIP and digital home is becoming increasingly popular. 以下对上述各个概念作简要介绍: The following concepts for each of the above brief introduction:

[0003] P2P (Peer To Peer):即对等计算或对等网络,是指通过在系统之间直接交换来共享计算机资源和服务的一种应用模式。 [0003] P2P (Peer To Peer): i.e. peer computing or the like to the network, an application refers to share computer resources and services mode by direct exchange between systems. P2P系统在互联网中的应用已经非常普遍,主要有文件共享类、即时通信类、流媒体类、共享存储类和对等计算类应用。 P2P application system on the Internet has been very common, there are computing applications like file sharing, instant messaging category, streaming media category, and shared storage class peers. 其中P2P文件共享应用,主要基于P2P网络实现点对点用户间的文件传递;P2P即时通信应用,主要实现点对点用户间的文字、语音或视频通信;P2P流媒体应用,主要基于P2P网络实现媒体的直播、点播或录制应用;P2P共享存储应用,主要基于P2P网络实现海量数据的存储和共享,分担存储;P2P对等计算,主要基于P2P网络分担运算处理,充分利用网络实现计算资源的汇聚。 Which P2P file-sharing applications, mainly for file transfer between peer user based on P2P networks; P2P instant messaging application, the main achievement of text between point-user, voice or video communication; P2P streaming media applications, mainly based on P2P networks broadcast media, demand or recording applications; P2P sharing storage applications, mainly based on P2P networks implement mass data storage and sharing, shared memory; P2P peer computing, based primarily on the P2P network sharing arithmetic processing, full use of the convergence network computing resources. 其中,文件共享类、即时通信类和流媒体类属于娱乐应用。 Among them, file sharing, instant messaging and streaming media category belongs to the class of entertainment applications.

[0004] IPTV :即网络电视,是利用宽带互联网的基础设施,以家用电视机作为主要终端,通过互联网协议来提供包括电视节目在内的多种数字媒体服务及其增值业务的技术。 [0004] IPTV: that is, network TV, is the use of broadband Internet infrastructure to home TV as the main terminal, to provide technology, including television programs, including a variety of digital media services and value-added services via the Internet protocol. 视音频服务是IPTV的基础业务,其中以直播电视、视频点播最为基本。 Video and audio service is the foundation of IPTV business, which live TV, video on demand the most basic.

[0005] VoIP (Voice Over Internet Protocol),是指在IP网上实时传送话音,需要由专门设备或软件将呼叫方的话音采样并数字化、压缩、打包,经过IP网络传输到对方,同时对方通过专门的设备或软件接受到话音包后,解压缩,还原成模拟信号后接听。 [0005] VoIP (Voice Over Internet Protocol), refers to the IP network real-time transmission of voice, the caller's voice needs to be sampled by a special device or software and digitized, compressed, packaged, through the IP network to the other side, while the other side by a special after the software or device receives voice packets, decompression, after reduction signal into an analog receive. VoIP的应用形式包括:PC(个人电脑,PersonalComputer)之间通信,PC和电话之间通信,以及电话之间通 VoIP application forms include: continuity between communication, communication between the PC and the phone, between the phone and PC (personal computer, PersonalComputer)

等二种类型。 And other two types.

[0006] 数字家庭:数字家庭包括以下网络实体:网络接入功能实体、家庭网络功能实体和用户终端功能实体。 [0006] Digital Home: digital home network entity comprising: network access entity, the home network functional entity and the functional entity of the user terminal. 其中网络接入功能实体,主要负责完成网络接入、QoS(服务质量,Quality of Service)和安全保障;家庭网络功能实体,则需完成家庭内部设备组网管理和信令媒体处理;用户终端功能实体,由用户直接使用,提供用户界面和业务展示。 In which network access entity, responsible for complete network access, QoS (Quality of Service, Quality of Service) and security; home network functional entities, you need to complete the internal home network management and signaling equipment group media processing; user terminal functions entities, directly by the user, provides the user interface and business show.

[0007] 现有技术中,有采用传统的网络架构,通过集中式的专用服务器提供网络内容资源的方案。 [0007] In the prior art, there are traditional network architecture, the network contents providing centralized resources dedicated server program. 采用这种方案,可以支持媒体资源的下载播放,支持语音通信。 With this program, you can download and play supported media resources, support voice communications. 但这种方案没有充分利用客户端资源,包括计算资源、网络资源和存储资源。 However, this solution is not fully utilize resources of the client, including computing resources, network resources, and storage resources. 同时如果用户量大,则专用服务器的压力会很大,对于海量用户的支持将非常困难。 Meanwhile, if the user volume, the dedicated server will be great pressure for the mass user support will be very difficult.

[0008] 现有技术中还存在使用单个的P2P应用实现资源的获取,可以支持媒体资源的下载播放,支持语音通信的方案。 [0008] There is also prior art to obtain a single P2P application of resources, you can download and play supported media resources, support voice communications solutions. 目前,基于P2P的应用软件层出不穷,但各自独立,即使是同一类应用(比如文件下载),也存在多种不同的体系,相互之间无法互通,网络资源并没有得到充分的使用。 At present, P2P software-based application after another, but independently, even for the same type applications (such as file downloads), there are a variety of different systems, they can not communicate with each other, and network resources are not fully use. 比如eMule和BT这两种文件下载类的软件,之间无法实现资源共享。 For example, both BT and eMule download software like file, not the sharing of resources between. 即使在PC上用户能够选择eMule还是BT下载,但需要用户判断选择哪种进行下载,造成用户使用不便。 Even on the PC user to select eMule or BT download, but requires the user to decide which option to download, causing the user inconvenience. [0009] 由于不同网络资源在不同的P2P应用体系中,其能够获得的业务质量不尽相同,比如,文件A在P2P第I网络中分享用户数量最大,而文件B在P2P第2网络中分享用户数量最大。 [0009] Depending on the network resources in different P2P application system, it is possible to obtain the quality of service varies, for example, document sharing A maximum number of users in the P2P network of I, B and the file sharing in the P2P network 2 The maximum number of users. 如果采用单P2P应用体系,则难以实现网络资源的充分使用。 If a single P2P application system, it is difficult to achieve full use of network resources.

[0010] 同时,由于网络内容资源格式的复杂性,而数字家庭设备在逐步复杂化,目前已经有手机、PC (个人电脑,Personal Computer)、STB(机顶盒,SetTop Box)、各种游戏机(如PSP(便携式掌机,Playstation Portable)、PS3 (PS3游戏主机,PLAYSTATION 3))、MP3、MP4、PMP(便携式媒体播放器,Portable Media Player)、数码相框、信息家电(如流媒体电视)等,设备间的互联互通以及资源共享越来越重要,但各种设备支持格式的不统一成为资源分享的障碍。 [0010] Also, due to the complexity of network resource format content, and digital home devices gradually complicated, there are already mobile phones, PC (personal computer, Personal Computer), STB (set-top boxes, SetTop Box), various game consoles ( such as the PSP (portable PSP, Playstation portable), PS3 (PS3 game console, PLAYSTATION 3)), MP3, MP4, PMP (portable media players, portable media player), digital photo frame, information appliances (such as streaming TV), etc. , interoperability and resource sharing among devices more and more important, a variety of devices supported formats is not an obstacle to uniform resource sharing.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0011] 本发明实施例提供一种通信设备,该通信设备能够支持用户的各类服务请求,并且打破设备支持格式不统一导致的资源分享障碍,实现网络资源在不同设备上的充分分享。 [0011] Example embodiments of the present invention to provide a communication device, the communication device can support a variety of user service requests, and the format is not supported by the device to break due to a uniform resource sharing disorders, sufficient network resources shared on different devices.

[0012] 本发明实施例还提供一种通信设备的应用方法和一种通信设备的应用系统。 Example [0012] The present invention further provides a method and system applications use a communication apparatus of a communication device.

[0013] 根据上述目的,本发明实施例的技术方案是这样实现的: [0013] According to the above-described object, the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention is implemented as follows:

[0014] 一种通信设备,该通信设备包括多个P2P客户端以及与其相连的服务单元,其中, [0014] A communication apparatus, the communication apparatus comprising a plurality of P2P client and a service unit connected thereto, wherein,

[0015] 所述P2P客户端,用于向所述P2P客户端对应的P2P网络发送通信请求; [0015] The P2P client is configured to correspond to the P2P network P2P client sends a communication request;

[0016] 所述服务单元,用于从所述多个P2P客户端对应的P2P网络中选择一个P2P网络,并根据所述请求的结果,为所述通信设备管理的终端设备提供服务。 The [0016] Service unit for selecting a plurality of P2P network P2P client from the corresponding P2P network, based on the results of the request to provide services for the terminal device of the communication device management.

[0017] 一种通信设备的应用方法,包括: [0017] The application of the method of a communication device, comprising:

[0018] 从多个P2P客户端对应的P2P网络中选择一个P2P网络,并向所述P2P网络发送通信请求; [0018] selecting from a plurality of P2P network P2P client corresponding to the P2P network, and transmits a communication request to the P2P network;

[0019] 根据所述请求的结果,为所述通信设备管理的终端设备提供服务。 [0019] The result of the request to provide services for the terminal device of the communication device management.

[0020] 一种通信设备的应用系统,包括通信设备和至少一个所述通信设备管理的终端设备,其中, [0020] The application of a communication device including a communication device and at least one of the communication terminal apparatus management apparatus, wherein,

[0021] 所述通信设备,用于从多个P2P客户端对应的P2P网络中选择一个P2P网络,向所述P2P网络发送通信请求,并根据所述请求的结果,为所述通信设备管理的终端设备提供服务; [0021] The communication device for selecting one from a plurality of P2P network P2P client corresponding to the P2P network, transmits the communication request to the P2P network, and based on a result of the request, to the management of the communication device terminal device service;

[0022] 所述终端设备,用于向所述通信设备发送所述通信请求,并接受所述通信设备提供的所述服务。 [0022] the terminal device, configured to send the communication request to the communication device, and receiving the service provided by the communication device.

[0023] 从上述方案可以看出,本发明实施例提供的通信设备及其应用方法、系统中,由于通信设备中集成了多个P2P客户端,实现网络资源的充分使用和共享,因此能够支持用户的各类服务请求。 [0023] As can be seen from the above-described embodiment, a communication device and method provided by the application embodiment of the present invention, the system, since a plurality of communication devices integrated into the P2P client, and to achieve full use of shared network resources, it is possible to support the various types of service requests of users. 同时,由于集成了转换单元,实现网络资源在不同设备上的充分分享。 Meanwhile, since the conversion unit integrated, fully shared network resources on different devices.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0024] 图I是本发明实施例中通信设备的结构示意图; [0024] FIG. I is a schematic structural diagram of a communication apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention;

[0025] 图2是本发明实施例中数字家庭的组网示意图; [0025] FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a digital home network of the embodiment of the present invention;

[0026] 图3是本发明实施例中通信设备的应用方法的流程图;[0027] 图4是本发明实施例中通信设备应用系统的组网示意图。 [0026] FIG. 3 is a flowchart of a method applied in a communication device according to embodiments of the present invention; [0027] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram illustrating the networking application communication device system embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0028] 为使本发明的目的、技术方案和优点更加清楚,下面结合附图对本发明实施例作进一步的详细描述。 [0028] To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the invention more apparent, the accompanying drawings of the embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail with.

[0029] 本发明的实施例提供了一种通信设备,如图I所示,包括通信设备内集成的多个P2P客户端和服务单元。 [0029] Embodiments of the present invention there is provided a communication device, as shown in FIG. I, the communications device comprising an integrated plurality of P2P client and service unit. 其中,P2P客户端用于向P2P客户端对应的P2P网络发送通信请求,该通信请求还包括资源获取请求;服务单元用于从多个P2P客户端对应的P2P网络中选择一个P2P网络,并根据请求的结果,为通信设备管理的终端设备提供服务。 Wherein, for the P2P network P2P client sends a communication request corresponding to the P2P client, the communication request further comprises a resource acquisition request; service unit from a plurality of P2P client corresponding to a selected P2P network P2P network, and in accordance with result of the request to provide services for the terminal equipment managed by the communication device.

[0030] 上述通信请求可以由终端设备向通信设备发出。 [0030] The communication request may be sent by the terminal device to the communication device. 其中资源获取请求包括但不限于文件下载请求、流媒体点播请求、文件查询下载请求、流媒体查询点播请求等。 Wherein the resource acquisition request includes but is not limited to the file download request, streaming media on demand request, the file download request query, the query-demand streaming request and the like. 而通信请求包括但不限于即时通信请求。 And a communication request including but not limited to instant messaging request. 上述的服务对应的包括但不限于文件下载服务、流媒体点播服务、文件查询下载服务、流媒体查询点播服务以及即时通信服务。 Corresponding to the above-described services include but are not limited to file download service, streaming media on demand service, file download service inquiry, inquiry streaming demand services, and instant messaging services.

[0031] 向P2P客户端对应的P2P网络发送通信请求,具体为根据多个P2P客户端对应的多个P2P网络的运行状况,选择一个P2P网络发起通信请求。 [0031] corresponding to the P2P network P2P client sends a communication request, initiating a communication request according to the specific operating conditions corresponding to the plurality of the plurality of P2P client P2P network, a P2P network is selected. 其中P2P网络的运行状况是以下两种情况的综合:多个P2P网络上的数据传输速率和多个P2P网络上的数据传输延时。 Where the health of the P2P network is integrated the following two cases: data transmission on the data transfer rate across multiple P2P networks and multiple P2P network latency. 当选择一个P2P网络发送资源获取请求时,运行状况还可能包括多个P2P网络的可用用户数量。 When selecting a transmission resource acquisition request P2P network, operating conditions may also include the number of available users more P2P networks.

[0032] 通信设备还可包括转换单元,用于当请求的结果为提供服务所需的资源,且资源格式与终端设备支持的资源格式不匹配时,将资源格式转换成终端设备支持的资源格式,并发送给服务单元。 [0032] The communication device may further include a conversion unit, when the result of the request for the resources needed to provide service and resource format and resource format supported by the terminal device does not match, the format conversion resources into a resource format supported by the terminal device and sent to the service unit.

[0033] 其中终端设备支持的资源格式是在终端设备向通信设备发送请求时,和通信设备共同协商确定的。 [0033] wherein the terminal equipment supports resource format, when the terminal device sends a request to the communication device, and communication device jointly agreed upon. 如图2所示,数字家庭的组网中包括RTU(远程通信单元,RemoteTelecommunication Unit)、娱乐网关,以及各种家庭终端设备。 2, the digital home network includes RTU (remote communication unit, RemoteTelecommunication Unit), entertainment gateway, and a variety of home terminal equipment. 这些终端设备包括PC、NB (笔记本,Notebook)、STB、DMA(数字媒体适配器,Digital Media Adapter)、TV (电视,Television)。 These terminals include PC, NB (notebook, Notebook), STB, DMA (Digital Media Adapter, Digital Media Adapter), TV (television, Television). 其中RTU负责网络接入、QoS (服务质量,Quality of Service)和安全的保障,一般是指Modem(调制解调器)。 RTU which is responsible for network access, QoS (Quality of Service, Quality of Service) and security protection, generally refers Modem (modem). 娱乐网关负责向终端设备提供服务,并传输由RTU发送给终端设备以及由终端设备发送给RTU的数据和信令,并可以根据不同的业务需求,以及根据预设规则评估的业务质量,选择不同的P2P网络完成通信。 Entertainment gateway device is responsible for providing service to the terminal, and transmits to the terminal device sent by the RTU and the RTU transmitted by the terminal device to the data and signaling, and quality of service according to different service requirements, and the evaluation according to a preset rule to select a different P2P network complete the communication. 和娱乐网关作用相当的还有CPE (Customer PremiseEquipment), CPE是用户前端设备,一般是指家庭网关。 And entertainment gateway role quite well as CPE (Customer PremiseEquipment), CPE is the customer premises equipment, generally refers to the home gateway. RTU和娱乐网关可以结合形成如图I所示的通信设备,直接为终端设备提供服务,并完成网络接入和传输质量保证等功能。 Entertainment RTU gateway can bond to form a communication apparatus I shown in FIG directly serving the terminal device, and network access and complete transmission quality assurance functions.

[0034] 上述的通信设备可以是接入终端设备,也可以是其他形式的能完成上述具体功能的通信设备。 [0034] The communication device may be an access terminal device, a communication device may be able to accomplish the above functions other specific forms.

[0035] 综上所述,采用本发明实施例的通信设备,由于其中集成了多个P2P客户端,实现P2P网络最佳资源的自动获取,以及网络资源的充分使用和共享,因此能够支持用户的各类服务请求。 [0035] In summary, the present invention is a communication apparatus according to the embodiment, since a plurality of integrated therein P2P client, automatically obtaining optimal P2P network resources, and the full use of network resources and shared, it is possible to support the user various types of service requests. 同时,由于集成了转换单元,打破设备支持格式不统一导致的资源分享障碍,实现网络资源在不同设备上的充分分享。 At the same time, due to the integrated conversion unit, to break the format is not supported by the device uniform resource sharing barriers lead to achieve full sharing of network resources on different devices.

[0036] 本发明的实施例还提供了一种通信设备的应用方法,如图3所示,是本发明实施例中通信设备的应用方法的流程图,实施过程如下: [0036] Embodiments of the invention also provides the use of a method of a communication device, FIG. 3 is a flowchart of a method applied in a communication apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention, the implementation process is as follows:

[0037] 通信设备从多个P2P客户端对应的P2P网络中选择一个P2P网络,向P2P网络发送通信请求,该通信请求还包括资源获取请求,并根据请求的结果,为通信设备管理的终端设备提供服务。 [0037] selected from a plurality of P2P communication device corresponding to the client in a P2P network P2P network, sends a communication request to a P2P network, the communication request further comprises a resource acquisition request, and based on the result of the request, the communication device is a terminal device managed by Provide services.

[0038] 上述通信请求由终端设备向通信设备发出。 [0038] The communication request issued by the terminal device to the communication device.

[0039] 而向P2P客户端对应的P2P网络发送通信请求具体为,根据多个P2P客户端对应的多个P2P网络的运行状况,选择一个P2P网络发起通信请求,该通信请求还包括资源获取请求。 [0039] The network transmits a P2P communication request corresponding to the P2P client Specifically, according to operating conditions corresponding to the plurality of the plurality of P2P client P2P network, choose to initiate a P2P network communication request, the communication request further comprises a resource acquisition request . 运行状况包括多个P2P网络上的数据传输速率和多个P2P网络上的数据传输延时中的一种或多种。 Operating conditions include one or more data transmission delay on the data transfer rate on the plurality of P2P networks and a plurality of P2P networks. 当选择一个P2P网络发送资源获取请求时,运行状况还可能包括多个P2P网络的可用用户数量。 When selecting a transmission resource acquisition request P2P network, operating conditions may also include the number of available users more P2P networks.

[0040] 其中,在为通信设备管理的终端设备提供服务之前还包括,当请求的结果为提供服务所需的资源,且资源格式与终端设备支持的资源格式不匹配时,将资源格式转换成终端设备支持的资源格式,并发送给终端设备。 [0040] wherein, prior to serving the terminal device further includes a communication management apparatus, when the result of the resources required to provide the requested service, and the resource format supported by the terminal device does not match resource format, converted into a resource format terminal equipment supports resource format and sent to the terminal device.

[0041] 通信设备为终端设备提供的服务具体包括但不限于,文件下载服务、流媒体点播服务、文件查询下载服务、流媒体查询点播服务以及即时通信服务。 [0041] The communication device is a terminal device service specifically includes but is not limited to, file download service, streaming media on demand service, file download service inquiry, inquiry streaming demand services, and instant messaging services.

[0042] 上述的通信设备可以是接入终端设备,也可以是其他形式的能完成上述具体功能的通信设备。 [0042] The communication device may be an access terminal device, a communication device may be able to accomplish the above functions other specific forms.

[0043] 综上所述,采用本发明实施例的通信设备的应用方法,由于通信设备中集成了多个P2P客户端,实现P2P网络最佳资源的自动获取,以及网络资源的充分使用和共享,因此能够支持用户的各类服务请求。 [0043] In summary, the present invention is application of the method according to the embodiment of the communication device, since a plurality of communication devices integrated into the P2P client, automatically obtaining optimal P2P network resources, and the full use of network resources sharing and and therefore able to support users of all types of service requests. 同时,由于通信设备中集成了转换单元,打破设备支持格式不统一导致的资源分享障碍,实现网络资源在不同设备上的充分分享。 At the same time, since the communication device integrates a conversion unit, to break the format is not supported by the device leading to a uniform resource sharing obstacles to achieve full sharing of network resources on different devices.

[0044] 本发明的实施例还提供了一种通信设备的应用系统,包括通信设备和至少一个通信设备管理的终端设备。 [0044] Example embodiments of the present invention also provides the use of a communication device system, a terminal device including a communication device and at least one communication management device. 其中,通信设备用于从多个P2P客户端对应的P2P网络中选择一个P2P网络,向P2P网络发送通信请求,该通信请求还包括资源获取请求,并根据请求的结果,为通信设备管理的终端设备提供服务;终端设备用于向通信设备发送通信请求,并接受通信设备提供的服务。 Wherein the communication device from a plurality of P2P client corresponding to a selected P2P network P2P network, sends a communication request to a P2P network, the communication request further comprises a resource acquisition request, and based on the result of the request, the communication terminal equipment management device provides services; the terminal device is configured to send a communication request to the communication device, and receiving the service provided by the communication device.

[0045] 向P2P客户端对应的P2P网络发送通信请求具体为,根据多个P2P客户端对应的多个P2P网络的运行状况,选择一个P2P网络发起通信请求。 [0045] corresponding to the P2P network P2P client sends a communication request specifically, according to operating conditions corresponding to the plurality of the plurality of P2P client P2P network, select a P2P network initiated communication requests. 其中运行状况包括多个P2P网络上的数据传输速率和多个P2P网络上的数据传输延时中的一种或多种。 Wherein the operating conditions include one or more data transmission delay on the data transfer rate on the plurality of P2P networks and a plurality of P2P networks. 当选择一个P2P网络发送资源获取请求时,运行状况还可能包括多个P2P网络的可用用户数量。 When selecting a transmission resource acquisition request P2P network, operating conditions may also include the number of available users more P2P networks.

[0046] 通信设备为终端设备提供的服务具体包括,文件下载服务、流媒体点播服务、文件查询下载服务、流媒体查询点播服务以及即时通信服务。 [0046] communication equipment for the service terminal device specifically includes, file download services, streaming media on-demand services, file browse and download services, streaming media queries on-demand service and instant messaging services.

[0047] 通信设备还包括转换单元,用于当请求的结果为提供服务所需的资源,且资源格式与终端设备支持的资源格式不匹配时,将资源格式转换成终端设备支持的资源格式,并发送给终端设备。 [0047] The communication device further includes a conversion unit, when the request for result of the resources required to provide services, and resource format when the terminal device does not match the format supported by the resource, the format conversion resources into resource format supported by the terminal device, and sent to the terminal device.

[0048] 上述的通信设备可以是接入终端设备,也可以是其他形式的能完成上述具体功能的通信设备。 [0048] The communication device may be an access terminal device, a communication device may be able to accomplish the above functions other specific forms.

[0049] 下面结合具体的实例进行说明。 [0049] The following will be described with reference to specific examples. 如图4所示,是本发明实施例中通信设备应用系统的组网示意图。 4 is a schematic diagram illustrating the networking application communication device system embodiment of the present invention. 包括P2P网络、通信设备A及其管理的终端设备,以及通信设备B及其管理的终端设备。 Comprising a P2P network, the communication device A and the terminal management apparatus, and a communication device B and the terminal management apparatus. 其中,通信设备A可以分离为RTU-A和娱乐网关A的设备形式,其管理的终端设备包括PC-A、WIFI (无线保真,Wireless Fidelity)电话_A和DMA-A。 Wherein the communication device is a device A may be isolated in the form of entertainment and RTU-A gateway A, the terminal management apparatus which includes a PC-A, WIFI (Wireless Fidelity, Wireless Fidelity) _A telephone and DMA-A. 通信设备B可以分离为RTU-B和娱乐网关B的设备形式,其管理的终端设备包括PC-B、WIFI (无线保真,Wireless Fidelity)电话-B 和DMA-B。 Communication device B may be isolated in the form of entertainment devices RTU-B and B is a gateway, a terminal management apparatus which includes a PC-B, WIFI (Wireless Fidelity, Wireless Fidelity) -B telephone and DMA-B.

[0050] 对于终端设备请求的文件下载服务,例如PC-A需要申请文档资料File-A,向娱乐网关发起资料下载请求,娱乐网关集成多P2P客户端,可以向不同的P2P网络发起文件请求,从中找到一个最佳P2P网络去获取资料。 [0050] For the terminal device requests a file download services, such as PC-A need to apply for Documentation File-A, initiating data download request to the entertainment gateway, entertainment gateway integrated P2P client, you can initiate a document request to a different P2P networks, find the best P2P network to obtain information. 获得具体资料后,即向发起请求的PC-A返回文档资料File-A。 After obtaining specific information, namely a request to initiate the PC-A return Documentation File-A. 其中,选择最佳P2P网络,即分析多个P2P网络上的数据传输速率、多个P2P网络上的数据传输延时和多个P2P网络的可用用户数量中的一个或多个条件,确定一个性能最佳的P2P网络。 Wherein selecting the optimal P2P network, i.e., the number of available analyzes a transmission rate of user data on a plurality of P2P networks, data transmission delay on the plurality of P2P network P2P network and a plurality of one or more conditions to determine the performance of a best of P2P networks.

[0051] 对于终端设备请求的流媒体服务,例如点播服务,DMA-A向娱乐网关发起播放请求,此时DMA-A需要与娱乐网关协商一种视音频编码格式,娱乐网关向不同的P2P网络发起点播请求,从中选择一个最佳网络获取媒体,当获取到媒体资源后,媒体资源格式可能无法满足DMA-A的视频格式要求,需要在娱乐网关进行转换,包括媒体封装和编码格式转换。 [0051] For a terminal device requesting streaming media services such as on-demand services, DMA-A request to initiate playback of entertainment gateway, then DMA-A needs to negotiate with the gateway An apparent entertainment audio encoding format, entertainment gateway to different P2P networks initiating demand request, select an optimal network to obtain the media, when the media resource is acquired, the format may not meet the property requirements of DMA-a video format, it is necessary to convert the entertainment gateway, a media package comprising a format conversion and encoding. 其中,选择最佳P2P网络,即分析多个P2P网络上的数据传输速率、多个P2P网络上的数据传输延时和多个P2P网络的可用用户数量中的一个或多个条件,确定一个性能最佳的P2P网络。 Wherein selecting the optimal P2P network, i.e., the number of available analyzes a transmission rate of user data on a plurality of P2P networks, data transmission delay on the plurality of P2P network P2P network and a plurality of one or more conditions to determine the performance of a best of P2P networks.

[0052] 对于终端设备请求的即时通信服务,由于即时通信需要选定对端进行通信,这种对端选定可以通过娱乐网关统一出口,比如Skype ( 一种即时通讯软件)服务可以通过娱乐网关统一出口,而不需要在每个终端设备中都安装Skype客户端,数字家庭内部的各个终端设备可以从娱乐网关上下载各自的用户列表,并与娱乐网关协商终端设备可以支持语音编码格式。 [0052] For the instant messaging service terminal device requests, because the instant messaging need to select peer communication, which can be selected peer unified export gateway through entertainment, such as Skype (an instant messaging software) services through entertainment gateway unified export, without the need to have installed Skype client in each terminal device, the internal digital home terminal devices can download each individual user list from the entertainment gateway, and in consultation with entertainment gateway terminal device can support voice encoding format. 当娱乐网关获取对端发送的语音编码数据后,终端设备与娱乐网关通信,获取经过娱乐网关转换的语音编码数据,通过娱乐网关发起与对端的P2P通信。 When the entertainment gateway acquires speech encoded data sent by the terminal device gateway communications and entertainment, entertainment acquired speech encoded data after conversion of the gateway, the gateway through entertainment and initiating the P2P communication peer. 其中,如果娱乐网关接收到的数据格式和终端设备支持的数据格式不一致,则由网关负责完成数据格式的实时转换。 Which, if entertainment gateway receives data formats and terminal equipment supports data format is inconsistent, by the gateway is responsible for complete real-time data format conversion.

[0053] 由于娱乐网关中集成P2P通信客户端,可以支持根据用户名编辑P2P网络应用的号码映射。 [0053] As the entertainment gateway integrated P2P communications client that can support the user name according to number mapping editor P2P network applications. 比如用户A,在P2P第I网络中号码为NI,在P2P第2网络中号码为N2,在P2P第3中网络号码为N3,则N1、N2、N3均为用户A的可用号码。 For example user A, in the P2P network number is I, NI, in the P2P network the second number is N2, in a P2P network is the third number N3, then N1, N2, N3 are the number of available user A.

[0054] 娱乐网关管理的终端设备从娱乐网关可以下载到号码映射列表。 [0054] entertainment gateway management terminal device can be downloaded from the gateway to the number of mapping list of entertainment. 当用户A发起对用户B的通信呼叫时,娱乐网关从号码映射列表中找到用户B相关的P2P网络以及相应的连接号,同时发起与用户B的连接。 When the user A initiates a call to user B, communication, entertainment and gateways to find a P2P network connected to a corresponding number of the user B from the number associated with the mapping list, and initiates the connection to the user B. 如果用户A与用户B的多种连接方式均有效,则选择其中网络质量最好的一个P2P网络连接进行通信。 If a plurality of connections between user A and user B are valid, the network selects the best quality connection to communicate a P2P network. 如果用户A与用户B连接的网络质量不稳定,当某个连接的有效带宽下降,或数据传输延迟加剧后,可以支持自动切换到连接列表中的其他当前最优的P2P网络。 If network quality user A and user B are connected unstable, when a decrease in the effective bandwidth of the connection, the data transmission delay or increased, automatically switches to the other can support the current optimal P2P network connection list. 其中,选择最佳P2P网络,即分析多个P2P网络上的数据传输速率和多个P2P网络上的数据传输延时中一个或多个条件,确定一个性能最佳的P2P网络。 Wherein selecting the optimal P2P network, i.e. the transmission delay analyzing the data on the data transfer rate on the plurality of P2P network P2P network and a plurality of one or more conditions to determine the best performance of a P2P network.

[0055] 对于终端设备请求的文件查询下载服务和流媒体查询点播服务,资源的搜索可以进行以文件名为主的关键字匹配查找,同时可附加演员、导演、格式等其他关键字。 [0055] For the terminal device requests a file download service inquiry and inquiry-demand streaming services, search resource can be a file name-based keyword matching search, while other keywords additional actors, directors, and other formats. 即可以单独基于文件名进行匹配查找,可以基于文件名+其他关键字进行匹配查找。 That can be matched individually to find based on the file name, you can find the matching based on the file name + other keywords. 娱乐网关在不同的P2P网络中完成匹配查找,获取资源共享信息(包括文件下载和流媒体点播),根据共享用户数量对可用的P2P网络进行排序,优先从共享用户数量最大的P2P网络中获取媒体资源。 Entertainment Gateway completed in different P2P networks matching to find, access to resources sharing information (including file downloads and streaming media on demand), sort the available P2P network based on the number of shared users priority access to the media from a number of shared users the largest P2P network resources.

[0056] 综上所述,采用本发明实施例的通信设备的应用系统,由于通信设备中集成了多个P2P客户端,实现P2P网络最佳资源的自动获取,以及网络资源的充分使用和共享,因此能够支持用户的各类服务请求。 [0056] In summary, the present invention is a communication device application according to the embodiment, since a plurality of communication devices integrated into the P2P client, automatically obtaining optimal P2P network resources, and the full use of network resources sharing and and therefore able to support users of all types of service requests. 同时,由于通信设备中集成了转换单元,打破设备支持格式不统一导致的资源分享障碍,实现网络资源在不同设备上的充分分享。 At the same time, since the communication device integrates a conversion unit, to break the format is not supported by the device leading to a uniform resource sharing obstacles to achieve full sharing of network resources on different devices.

[0057] 显然,本领域的技术人员可以对本发明进行各种改动和变型而不脱离本发明的精神和范围。 [0057] Obviously, those skilled in the art can make various modifications and variations to the invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. 这样,倘若本发明的这些修改和变型属于本发明权利要求及其等同技术的范围之内,则本发明也意图包含这些改动和变型在内。 Thus, if these modifications and variations of the present invention fall within the claims of the invention and the scope of equivalents thereof, the present invention intends to include these modifications and variations.

Claims (10)

  1. 1. 一种通信设备,其特征在于, 包括服务单元以及与其相连的多个P2P客户端,其中, 所述P2P客户端,用于向所述P2P客户端对应的P2P网络发送通信请求; 所述服务单元,用于从所述多个P2P客户端对应的P2P网络中选择一个P2P网络,并根据所述请求的结果,为所述通信设备管理的终端设备提供服务; 所述通信设备还包括转换单元,用于当所述请求的结果为提供所述服务所需的资源,且所述资源格式与所述终端设备支持的资源格式不匹配时,将所述资源格式转换成所述终端设备支持的资源格式,并发送给所述服务单元。 1. A communication apparatus, characterized in that the service unit and comprising a plurality of P2P client connected thereto, wherein the P2P client is configured to correspond to the P2P network P2P client sends a communication request; the service unit, for selecting one from the plurality of P2P network P2P client corresponding to the P2P network, based on the results of the request to provide services for the terminal equipment managed by the communication device; said communication device further comprises a conversion when unit for, when a result of the request to provide the required service resource, the resource and format of the terminal equipment supports resource format does not match, the resource format conversion into the terminal support apparatus resource format, and sent to the service unit.
  2. 2.如权利要求I所述的通信设备,其特征在于,所述从所述多个P2P客户端对应的P2P网络中选择一个P2P网络,具体根据下述一种或多种信息进行选择: 所述多个P2P客户端对应的多个P2P网络上的数据传输速率; 所述多个P2P客户端对应的多个P2P网络上的数据传输延时; 所述多个P2P客户端对应的多个P2P网络的可用用户数量。 2. The communication apparatus according to claim I, wherein said selecting a P2P network P2P client from the corresponding plurality of P2P networks, specifically selected according to one or more of the following information: the said data transfer rate on a plurality of P2P client corresponding to a plurality of P2P networks; data transmission delay on the plurality corresponding to a plurality of P2P client P2P network; a plurality of P2P client of the corresponding plurality of P2P the number of available user networks.
  3. 3.如权利要求I所述的通信设备,其特征在于,所述服务包括:文件下载服务、流媒体点播服务、文件下载查询服务、流媒体点播查询服务以及即时通信服务。 I communication apparatus according to claim 2, wherein, said service comprising: a file download service, streaming media on demand service, file download service queries, queries demand streaming media service and instant messaging.
  4. 4.如权利要求I所述的通信设备,其特征在于,所述通信设备为接入终端设备。 4. The communication apparatus according to claim I, wherein said communication device is an access terminal.
  5. 5. 一种通信设备的应用方法,其特征在于,包括: 从所述通信设备中的多个P2P客户端对应的P2P网络中选择一个P2P网络,并向所述P2P网络发送通信请求; 根据所述请求的结果,为所述通信设备管理的终端设备提供服务; 在所述为所述通信设备管理的终端设备提供服务之前还包括: 当所述请求的结果为提供所述服务所需的资源,且所述资源格式与所述终端设备支持的资源格式不匹配时,将所述资源格式转换成所述终端设备支持的资源格式,并发送给所述终端设备。 A method for application of the communication device, characterized by comprising: selecting a P2P network P2P client from the plurality of communication devices corresponding to a P2P network, and the network sends a P2P communication request; according to the the results of the above request, the providing services for the terminal equipment managed by the communication device; the terminal device is managed by the communications device before providing the service further comprises: when the result of the request to provide the service resource required , and the resource does not match the format of the terminal equipment supports resource format, converting the format of the resources into resource format supported by the terminal device, and sends the terminal device.
  6. 6.如权利要求5所述的方法,其特征在于,所述通信设备为接入终端设备。 The method as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that said communication device is an access terminal.
  7. 7. 一种通信设备的应用系统,包括通信设备和至少一个所述通信设备管理的终端设备,其特征在于: 所述通信设备,用于从所述通信设备中的多个P2P客户端对应的P2P网络中选择一个P2P网络,向所述P2P网络发送通信请求,并根据所述请求的结果,为所述通信设备管理的终端设备提供服务; 所述终端设备,用于向所述通信设备发送所述通信请求,并接受所述通信设备提供的所述服务; 所述通信设备还用于当所述请求的结果为提供所述服务所需的资源,且所述资源格式与所述终端设备支持的资源格式不匹配时,将所述资源格式转换成所述终端设备支持的资源格式,并发送给所述终端设备。 A communication device applications, including the communication terminal device and at least one of the communication management apparatus, wherein: said communication device corresponding to a plurality of P2P client from said communication device of select a P2P network P2P network, it sends a communication request to the P2P network, based on the results of the request to provide services for the terminal equipment managed by the communication device; the terminal device, for sending to the communication device the communication request, and receive the service provided by the communication device; said communication device further configured to, when the request is a result of the required resources and services, and a resource format of the terminal device when the resource does not match the supported format, convert the resource into a resource format format supported by the terminal device, and sends the terminal device.
  8. 8.如权利要求7所述的系统,其特征在于,所述从多个P2P客户端对应的P2P网络中选择一个P2P网络,具体根据下述一种或多种信息进行选择: 所述多个P2P客户端对应的多个P2P网络上的数据传输速率; 所述多个P2P客户端对应的多个P2P网络上的数据传输延时;所述多个P2P客户端对应的多个P2P网络的可用用户数量。 8. The system according to claim 7, wherein said corresponding plurality of P2P client from the P2P network P2P network to select a particular selected according to one or more of the following information: a plurality of the data transfer rate corresponding to a plurality of P2P client P2P network; a data transmission delay on the plurality corresponding to a plurality of P2P client P2P network; a plurality of P2P network P2P client corresponding to the plurality of available amount of users.
  9. 9.如权利要求7所述的系统,其特征在于,所述服务包括:文件下载服务、流媒体点播服务、文件下载查询服务、流媒体点播查询服务以及即时通信服务。 9. The system according to claim 7, wherein, said service comprising: a file download service, streaming media on demand service, file download service queries, queries demand streaming media service and instant messaging.
  10. 10.如权利要求7所述的系统,其特征在于,所述通信设备为接入终端设备。 10. The system according to claim 7, wherein said communication device is an access terminal.
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