CN101456478A - Pre-pressing horizontal refuse compressor - Google Patents

Pre-pressing horizontal refuse compressor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101456478A
CN101456478A CNA2008100739997A CN200810073999A CN101456478A CN 101456478 A CN101456478 A CN 101456478A CN A2008100739997 A CNA2008100739997 A CN A2008100739997A CN 200810073999 A CN200810073999 A CN 200810073999A CN 101456478 A CN101456478 A CN 101456478A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
compressor
rubbish
compartment
refuse
garbage
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CNA2008100739997A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
秦建宁
覃启华
杨德权
邓树林
颜伟才
任辉
陈高峰
许绍华
陆愈天
章霞东
来超英
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangxi Yuchai Special Purpose Automobile Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangxi Yuchai Special Purpose Automobile Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangxi Yuchai Special Purpose Automobile Co Ltd filed Critical Guangxi Yuchai Special Purpose Automobile Co Ltd
Priority to CNA2008100739997A priority Critical patent/CN101456478A/en
Publication of CN101456478A publication Critical patent/CN101456478A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides piston type prepressed horizontal garbage compressing equipment, which is characterized in that a side port of a main compressor is provided with an auxiliary compressor; and after being prepressed and dewatered by the auxiliary compressor, the garbage is compressed through a main compressing cavity so as to compress the garbage into a carriage. The equipment has the advantages of high garbage compressing efficiency, low station building cost, large garbage dewatering quantity, high efficiency, secondary pollution reduction and so on.

Description

Pre-pressing horizontal refuse compressor
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of environmental sanitation refuse transfer station, especially a kind of pre-pressing horizontal refuse compressor that is used in transfer point collection, compression, disposal of refuse.
Background technology
Process along with every urban construction and environmental sanitation management modernization, garbage as resource, minimizing, innoxious, outputization, and the propelling and the project implementation of environment comprehensive regulation, each big or middle city is all in the bulky refuse transfer point of construction of modern, in existing refuse transfer station equipment, trash compactor is one of main equipment, the function of trash compactor is that the resident is checked and accepted the rubbish that ships in the rubbish railway carriage or compartment is entered in overdraft, dehydration, collection, transports refuse landfill to.At present numerous species is arranged on the market compressor, open source literature has been reported some refuse transfer station equipments in recent years, and as Chinese patent: prepressing type trash compactor (patent No. 01260686) provides a kind of prepressing type trash compactor, compression chamber is long box-shaped, and there is gate the compression chamber end; Compression chamber is built-in with the sliding support of compressed garbage and the pressure head of compressed garbage, and sliding support and compression cylinder front end are fixed, and pressure head and ejection cylinder front end are fixed, and two oil cylinders promote sliding support and pressure head respectively; The detection part that there is supporting leg the compression chamber lower end and is connected with displacement detector with Weight detecting device.Horizontal oil cylinder is fixed in the supporting frame, covered protection net on the supporting frame, compression cylinder is connected with hydraulic power station by hydraulic tubing respectively with ejection cylinder, hydraulic power station is connected with the gate oil cylinder of compression chamber and the trailer oil cylinder at hook position respectively through hydraulic tubing, and pars infrasegmentalis is corresponding with hook before the compression chamber.Compression chamber is board-like steel structure, and supporting frame is the frame-type steel structure, forms integral body by welding or being threaded.The bulky refuse treatment facility that this compressor is a kind of degree of automation height, process load is big, pollution is little.Patent is arranged: a kind of garbage dewatering mechanism (patent No. 200510023530) again, it is to be made of a trash compactor, be provided with a compression chamber in the trash compactor, one end of compression chamber is established hammer, the other end is provided with discharging opening, one side of compression chamber is provided with inlet point, the discharging opening place is provided with pressure baffle, pressure baffle is connected with the trash compactor body by hinge arrangement, pressure baffle is provided with connecting rod mechanism, connecting rod mechanism is connected with the pressure baffle driving oil cylinder, the pressure baffle driving oil cylinder is fixed on the body of trash compactor, be provided with a plurality of treatment holes in the downside wall of compression chamber, the downside of the downside wall of compression chamber is provided with drip tray, and the bottom of drip tray is provided with drain hose.Utilize Programmable Logic Controller to pass through the action of relay, electromagnetic valve and oil cylinder control hammer and pressure baffle, rubbish is compressed, extrude sewage, improved the physical holding of the stock amount of transferring box, stopped the sewage water clock of rubbish in the transfer process, this device is applicable to residential quarter, hotel and fairground, has better market prospect.Also have patent: (application number: 200520059583) this utility model comprises casing, push pedal and push pedal oil cylinder to external roof pressing type dehydration trash compactor, it is characterized in that the rubbish inflow point on the casing front end is provided with a pressing plate that cooperates with the rubbish import, the casing of the front end of this pressing plate and rubbish import front end is hinged, thereafter on the support column that each hinged pressure plate cylinder of two ends end face, the other end of two pressure plate cylinders are provided with above with the preceding two ends of casing respectively.
Yet, the inventor finds after market study in a few years, also there are some problems in the refuse compaction equipment of mentioned kind: because the dewatering of present trash compactor is not too perfect, though people once improved in this respect hardy, but effect still is undesirable, especially abundant at some moisture conditionss, the southern city that fruits and vegetables is many, the aqueous ingredients of rubbish is more, with general compressor compresses rubbish, its dehydration is still complete inadequately, during rubbish is transported on the street, has the phenomenon of sewage water clock to take place in the time of also, along with people are more and more higher to sanitary requirement, this just needs us that trash compactor is done further to transform.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide the pre-pressing horizontal refuse compressor that a kind of compressor compresses performance in the form of piston is good, dehydrating amount is big, efficient is high.
The present invention is achieved in that pre-pressing horizontal refuse compressor adopts hydraulic power, it comprises main compressor, rubbish compartment, lifting mechanism or torque arm mechanism, main compressor is fixed in the refuse transfer station, the rubbish compartment connects with the rubbish primary outlet of main compressor by catch gear, it is characterized in that: this refuse compaction equipment also has auxiliary compressor, and the garbage outlet of auxiliary compressor docks with the side mouth of main compressor.
Above-described main compressor comprises the active force chamber, promotes mainly head assembly and main compression chamber, promoting mainly head assembly, to be installed in active force indoor, main compressor mainly is that the rubbish after the auxiliary compressor dehydration is advanced compression once more in the rubbish compartment, and rubbish is further dewatered, and reduces the aqueous ingredients of rubbish.
Above-described auxiliary compressor comprises secondary power room, pair cut somebody's hair assembly and secondary compression chamber, the pair assembly of cutting somebody's hair is installed in the secondary power room, auxiliary compressor mainly is that the rubbish that will collect is pushed rubbish to main compression chamber and carried out precompressed compression by the pair assembly of cutting somebody's hair in secondary compression chamber, and rubbish is carried out the dehydration first time.
Above-described rubbish compartment can be the compression type refuse compartment, also can be railway carriage tiltable compression garbage compartment; The compression type refuse compartment lift the employing lifting mechanism, torque arm mechanism is adopted in the lifting in railway carriage tiltable compression garbage compartment.Lifting mechanism can be four lifting towers, divides all around to be installed on the left and right sides, rubbish compartment,
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following advantage:
1. rubbish compression efficiency height, the cost of building a station is low.Adopt the present invention, compress mode adopts level, piston type, has the compression ratio height, and through twice compression, disposal of refuse efficient height, the waste density consolidation, rubbish and sewage can be to not excessive during transhipment, and can save manpower, increase work efficiency, so rubbish after compression can reduce the rubbish volume, thereby reduce cost of transportation, improved social benefit, economic benefit and the environmental benefit of refuse transfer station, because the major-minor compressor is in the same plane, the outfit of equipment height reduces, and corresponding civil engineering floor height also can reduce, so also reduced the cost of building a station.
2. the garbage dewatering amount is big, reduces secondary pollution.After prepressing type is meant that rubbish enters compressor, precompressed storehouse (secondary compression chamber) pressing waste in main pressure storehouse (main compression chamber) by compressor dewaters earlier, thereby form the rubbish piece of a higher density, be pressed into then and carry out second-compressed in the refuse container railway carriage or compartment, through twice compression, most moisture flows into blow-off line after being extruded into sewage afflux groove in the rubbish, sewage quantity obviously reduces in the envelope, be equipped with other anti-seep measure again, thereby stop in the waste transportation process way secondary pollution effectively urban highway;
Description of drawings
Be described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of pre-pressing horizontal refuse compressor embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is the perspective view of embodiment 2.
Fig. 3 is the sectional structure scheme drawing of main compressor 1.
Fig. 4 is the sectional structure scheme drawing of auxiliary compressor 2.
The specific embodiment
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, shown in Figure 4: pre-pressing horizontal refuse compressor of the present invention comprises main compressor 1, auxiliary compressor 2, rubbish compartment 3, lifting mechanism 4, catch gear 5, active force chamber 6, promotes mainly head assembly 7, main compression chamber 8, gate bracket assembly 9, elevating ram 10, secondary power room 11, pair are cut somebody's hair assembly 12, secondary compression chamber 13 and feed hopper 14.
Main compressor 1 and auxiliary compressor 2 are fixed in the refuse transfer station, the garbage outlet of auxiliary compressor 2 docks fastening with the side mouth of main compressor 1, rubbish compartment 3 connects with the garbage outlet of main compressor 1 by catch gear 5, promoting mainly head assembly 7 is installed in the active force chamber 6, the pair assembly 12 of cutting somebody's hair is installed in the secondary power room 11, gate bracket assembly 9 is fixed on the top of main compression chamber 8, and elevating ram 10 is welded on gate bracket assembly 9, and feed hopper 14 is fixed on the top of secondary compression chamber 13.
One. the working process of transfer point equipment with the configuration compression type garbage truck is embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1: when needs are collected rubbish, the rubbish compartment 3 that car chassis transports empty compression type garbage truck is swung to along the wheel guide piece and is driven in the transfer point, when wheel contact tire inhibiting device, stop, closed power supply, operating hydraulically operated control system, make lifting mechanism 4 that rubbish compartment 3 is lifted to maximum height, lifting mechanism 4 has four lifting towers, divide and all around be installed on 3 left and right sides, rubbish compartment, car chassis sails out of the refuse collection position, operating hydraulically operated control system, lifting mechanism 4 is dropped to rubbish compartment 3 in the refuse transfer station, closed and locked mechanism 5 makes rubbish compartment 3 dock locking with the garbage outlet of main compressor 1, handling elevating ram 10 mentions the gate in rubbish compartment 3, at this moment, waste-skip (three-wheel vehicle or back dress compression garbage truck, dumping car etc.) can sail into from auto track, be parked in discharging platform, constantly rubbish is toppled over, rubbish is entered in the auxiliary compressor 2 from feed hopper 14, control hydraulic system, the pair assembly 12 of cutting somebody's hair advances to stroke and ends, rubbish is compressed into main compression chamber 8, because main compression chamber 8 volume herein is less than the volume of secondary compression chamber 11, rubbish is compressed, carry out the dehydration first time, promoting mainly head assembly 7 then travels forward, the rubbish that carried out primary dewatering is released to garbage outlet along main compression chamber 8, be compressed until rubbish and enter waste-skip railway carriage or compartment 3, carry out the dehydration second time, when rubbish is filled in rubbish compartment 3, control system is sent full railway carriage or compartment signal, main compressor 1 and auxiliary compressor 2 stop compressed garbage automatically, closed shutter, catch gear 5 is opened, rubbish compartment 3 separates with main compressor 1, make hydraulic ram drive lifting mechanism 4 liftings rise fill rubbish rubbish compartment 3 to maximum height, allow chaufeur that special-purpose automobile chassis is sailed into, lifting mechanism 4 can be fallen rubbish compartment 3 up to falling on the chassis, special-use vehicle carries rubbish compartment 3 can sail out of transfer point, leave for the garbage disposal plant, a working cycle finishes; Meanwhile, the rubbish compartment 3 that another is empty is to the garbage outlet of main compressor 1 butt joint locking, collects, compressed garbage, circulation so repeatedly.
Two. the working process with the transfer point equipment of configuration railway carriage tiltable compression garbage car is embodiment 2:
As shown in Figure 2: when needs are collected rubbish, car chassis transports empty tiltable compression garbage compartment 3 and swings to along the wheel guide piece and drive in the transfer point, stop when wheel contact tire inhibiting device, the torque arm mechanism that handles the tiltable compression garbage car is placed into envelope on the position, railway carriage or compartment; Closed power supply, control hydraulic system, make the chamber door in rubbish compartment 3 dock locking with the garbage outlet of main compressor 1, opening elevating ram 10 mentions the gate in rubbish compartment 3, at this moment, waste-skip (three-wheel vehicle or back dress compression garbage truck, dumping car etc.) can sail into from auto track, be parked in discharging platform, constantly rubbish is toppled over, rubbish is entered in the auxiliary compressor 2 from feed hopper 14, control hydraulic system, the pair assembly 12 of cutting somebody's hair advances to stroke and ends, rubbish is compressed into main compression chamber 8, because main compression chamber 8 volume herein is less than the volume of secondary compression chamber 11, rubbish is compressed, carry out the dehydration first time, promoting mainly head assembly 7 then travels forward, the rubbish that carried out primary dewatering is released to garbage outlet along main compression chamber 8, be compressed until rubbish and enter waste-skip railway carriage or compartment 3, carry out the dehydration second time, when rubbish is filled in rubbish compartment 3, control system is sent full railway carriage or compartment signal, main compressor 1 and auxiliary compressor 2 stop compressed garbage automatically, closed shutter, and catch gear 5 is opened, rubbish compartment 3 separates with main compressor 1, allow chaufeur that special-purpose automobile chassis is sailed into, torque arm hooks rubbish compartment 3 up to falling on the chassis, and special-use vehicle carries rubbish compartment 3 can sail out of transfer point, leave for the garbage disposal plant, a working cycle finishes; Meanwhile, the tiltable compression garbage compartment 3 that another is empty is to the rubbish primary outlet of main compressor 1 butt joint locking, collects, compressed garbage, circulation so repeatedly.

Claims (4)

1. pre-pressing horizontal refuse compressor, adopt hydraulic power, it comprises main compressor (1), rubbish compartment (3), lifting mechanism or torque arm mechanism, main compressor (1) is fixed in the refuse transfer station, rubbish compartment (3) connects with the garbage outlet of main compressor (1) by catch gear (5), it is characterized in that: this refuse compaction equipment also has auxiliary compressor (2), and the garbage outlet of auxiliary compressor (2) docks with the side mouth of main compressor (1).
2. pre-pressing horizontal refuse compressor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: main compressor (1) comprises active force chamber (6), promotes mainly head assembly (7) and main compression chamber (8), promotes mainly head assembly (7) and is installed in the active force chamber (6).
3. pre-pressing horizontal refuse compressor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: auxiliary compressor (2) comprises secondary power room (11), pair cut somebody's hair assembly (12) and secondary compression chamber (13), and the pair assembly (12) of cutting somebody's hair is installed in the secondary power room (11).
4. pre-pressing horizontal refuse compressor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described rubbish compartment (3) is the compression type refuse compartment, or railway carriage tiltable compression garbage compartment; Lifting mechanism (4) is adopted in lifting of compression type refuse compartment, and torque arm mechanism is adopted in the lifting in railway carriage tiltable compression garbage compartment.
CNA2008100739997A 2008-12-19 2008-12-19 Pre-pressing horizontal refuse compressor Pending CN101456478A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008100739997A CN101456478A (en) 2008-12-19 2008-12-19 Pre-pressing horizontal refuse compressor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008100739997A CN101456478A (en) 2008-12-19 2008-12-19 Pre-pressing horizontal refuse compressor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101456478A true CN101456478A (en) 2009-06-17

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102009811A (en) * 2010-12-22 2011-04-13 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Cabinet-integrated device of refuse transfer station
CN104249886A (en) * 2013-06-26 2014-12-31 长沙中联重科环卫机械有限公司 Garbage compaction complete equipment
CN104443967A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-03-25 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Rotor type garbage compressor
CN108296255A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-07-20 广东宝汇环保科技有限公司 A kind of municipal refuse compression waste water treatment process
CN111556947A (en) * 2018-03-30 2020-08-18 川崎重工业株式会社 Incineration equipment
CN112046071A (en) * 2020-09-18 2020-12-08 湖南仁和环保科技有限公司 Waste compressor material leakage treatment device and treatment method

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102009811A (en) * 2010-12-22 2011-04-13 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Cabinet-integrated device of refuse transfer station
CN102009811B (en) * 2010-12-22 2012-09-05 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Cabinet-integrated device of refuse transfer station
CN104249886A (en) * 2013-06-26 2014-12-31 长沙中联重科环卫机械有限公司 Garbage compaction complete equipment
CN104443967A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-03-25 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Rotor type garbage compressor
CN104443967B (en) * 2014-11-05 2016-08-24 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Rotator type trash compactor
CN108296255A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-07-20 广东宝汇环保科技有限公司 A kind of municipal refuse compression waste water treatment process
CN111556947A (en) * 2018-03-30 2020-08-18 川崎重工业株式会社 Incineration equipment
CN112046071A (en) * 2020-09-18 2020-12-08 湖南仁和环保科技有限公司 Waste compressor material leakage treatment device and treatment method
CN112046071B (en) * 2020-09-18 2022-04-12 湖南仁和环保科技有限公司 Waste compressor material leakage treatment device and treatment method

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Open date: 20090617

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