CN101436154B - Startup and closedown test system and method of computer mainboard - Google Patents

Startup and closedown test system and method of computer mainboard Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101436154B
CN101436154B CN2007102025357A CN200710202535A CN101436154B CN 101436154 B CN101436154 B CN 101436154B CN 2007102025357 A CN2007102025357 A CN 2007102025357A CN 200710202535 A CN200710202535 A CN 200710202535A CN 101436154 B CN101436154 B CN 101436154B
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time
shutdown
testing
delay
test
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CN2007102025357A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101436154A (en
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孟武
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鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司
鸿海精密工业股份有限公司
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Priority to CN2007102025357A priority Critical patent/CN101436154B/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for testing the startup and shutdown of a computer mainboard. The method comprises the following steps: (a) testing parameters are set and comprise the testing times, the startup delay time and the shutdown delay time; (b) a startup signal is sent to the mainboard; (c) according to the set startup delay time, timing is begun; (d) when the set startup delay time is reached, whether the system voltage in startup is normal is detected; (e) if the system voltage in startup is abnormal, the step (i) is transferred; otherwise, a shutdown signal is sent to the mainboard; (f) according to the set shutdown delay time, the timing is begun; (g) when the set shutdown delay time is reached, whether the system voltage is normal in shutdown is detected; (h) if the system voltage in shutdown is normal, the step (i) is transferred; otherwise, the shutdown is carried out for validation; (i) a testing result is recorded; and (j) whether the next testing is carried out is judged. The invention also provides a system for testing the startup and shutdown of the computer mainboard. The method and the system can effectively test the startup and shutdown of the computer mainboard.

Description

Computer main-board on-off testing system and method

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of computer motherboard test macro and method, particularly a kind of computer main-board on-off testing system and method.

Background technology

Along with popularizing of computing machine; Many producers begin a large amount of schedulers to satisfy the demands of consumers; In the process of design and production, need do different tests to computer fittings (like mainboard, display, hard disk), mainboard is the basic place of computing machine; The mainboard test is the necessary work of computing machine research and development, production, manufacturer, and can testing host the normal switch machine be important test event in the mainboard test.

Intellectual Property in China office has disclosed a kind of computer motherboard proving installation in No. 02238767.6 patent of bulletin on September 3rd, 2003; This device comprises: one in order to receive and to explain that one of a particular port address writes data, also this write the command interpretation unit that the data breech lock is preserved, and this command interpretation unit couples with this computer main frame panel via a standard interface mutually; And a test process control module, couple mutually with this command interpretation unit, and connect the power switch and the reset switch of this computer main frame panel via connecting line.

Above-mentioned test computer main-board on-off device can reach the purpose of test, but this device need be connected with computer motherboard via standard interface, reads detecting information from the particular port address.Therefore, this device is big to the dependence of standard interface, if via this standard interface read test information failure, then can not realize the main-board on-off test, if the detecting information mistake that reads, then test result is unreliable.

Summary of the invention

In view of above content, be necessary to propose the computer main-board on-off testing system and the method for a kind of testing host effectively switching on and shutting down.

A kind of computer main-board on-off testing system, whether be used to test said main-board on-off normal, and this system comprises: setting module, be used to set test parameter, said test parameter comprises testing time, start time-delay and shutdown time-delay; The start test module is used to send starting-up signal and gives mainboard, carries out timing according to the start time-delay of setting, and whether when the start time-delay arrived, whether the system voltage when detecting start was normal, normal to judge start; The shutdown test module is used for just often sending off signal when start and gives mainboard, carries out timing according to the shutdown time-delay of setting, and whether when the shutdown time-delay arrived, whether the system voltage when detecting shutdown was normal, normal to judge shutdown; The shutdown authentication module, be used for when the undesired time checking of shutdown whether since accident cause shut down undesired; Logging modle is used for logging test results; And determination module, be used for judging whether test according to the test result of testing time of setting and record next time.

A kind of computer main-board on-off method of testing, whether be used for the testing host switching on and shutting down normal, and this method may further comprise the steps: (a) set test parameter, comprise testing time, start time-delay, shutdown time-delay; (b) send starting-up signal and give mainboard; (c) pick up counting according to the start time-delay of setting; (d) when the start time-delay of setting arrived, whether the system voltage when detecting start was normal; System voltage during (e) as if start is undesired, then works as Pretesting and does not pass through, and directly forwards step (i) to, gives mainboard otherwise send off signal; (f) pick up counting according to the shutdown time-delay of setting; (g) when the shutdown time-delay of setting arrived, whether the system voltage when detecting shutdown was normal; (h) if the system voltage in when shutdown is normal, then pass through when Pretesting, directly forward step (i) to, otherwise the checking of shutting down if the shutdown checking is passed through, is then worked as Pretesting and is passed through; (i) logging test results; Reach (j) judge whether to test next time according to the testing time of setting and the test result of record.

Said computer main-board on-off testing system and method judge through detection system voltage whether switching on and shutting down are normal; This system and method does not rely on the standard interface of mainboard, not can owing to detecting information read failure or read error causes test crash or test result unreliable.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the running environment figure of computer main-board on-off testing system preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the functional block diagram of computer main-board on-off testing system preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is the process flow diagram of computer main-board on-off method of testing of the present invention preferred embodiment.

Embodiment

As shown in Figure 1, be the running environment figure of computer main-board on-off testing system preferred embodiment of the present invention.This computer main-board on-off testing system 10 operate in a kind of have data-handling capacity and can the electronic hardware of operating software on, as microcontroller (Micro Controlling Unit, MCU).Present embodiment is that example describes with single-chip microcomputer 1, and this single-chip microcomputer 1 is connected with mainboard 4, computer power supply 5, input media 2 and display device 3 respectively.Whether said computer main-board on-off testing system 10 is used for the test parameter according to input media 2 settings, come the switching on and shutting down of testing host 4 normal through the system voltage on the dynamo-electric source 5 of detection computations, and export test result to display device 3.Said display device 3 comprises pilot lamp, alarm and charactron (all not drawing among Fig. 1).Said pilot lamp be used for when mainboard 4 test through the time send test prompt for successful information, said alarm is used for when mainboard 4 test crashs, sending the warning message of test crash, said charactron is used to show the current testing time of mainboard 4.This pilot lamp can be that (Light Emitting Diode, LED), this charactron can be seven sections LED charactrons to light emitting diode.

Said mainboard 4 is connected with computer power supply 5, through computer power supply 5 power supplies.If need testing host 4 to get into the switching on and shutting down performance of operating system, mainboard 4 be connected with hard disk (not drawing among Fig. 1).Computer main-board on-off testing system 10 gives mainboard 4 to control its switching on and shutting down through sending the machine open/close signal, and this machine open/close signal is the control signal of the power switch of mainboard 4, i.e. Power Button control signal.Computer power supply 5 can provide a plurality of different system voltages for mainboard 4, like 5V_SYS, 3V_SYS, 12V_SYS.Computer main-board on-off testing system 10 can judge whether the switching on and shutting down of mainboard 4 are normal through the height that detects these system voltages, and present embodiment is through detecting the switching on and shutting down that 5V_SYS comes testing host 4.5V_SYS on computer power supply 5 behind mainboard 4 normal boot-straps is the relative high level that is about 5V, and 5V_SYS is the relative low level that is lower than 2V on computer power supply 5 behind mainboard 4 normal shutdowns.It is relative high level or relative low level that single-chip microcomputer 1 can detect 5V_SYS.5V_SYS is detected in mainboard 4 start backs, if detect less than relative high level, then shows boot failure (it is undesired promptly to shut down); 5V_SYS is detected in mainboard 4 shutdown backs, if detect less than relative low level, then shows the shutdown failure.

As shown in Figure 2, be the functional block diagram of computer main-board on-off testing system 10 preferred embodiments of the present invention.

Said computer main-board on-off testing system 10 comprises: initialization module 100, setting module 101, start test module 102, shutdown test module 103, shutdown authentication module 104, logging modle 105, display module 106 and determination module 107.

Initialization module 100 is used for single-chip microcomputer 1 is carried out the initialization setting, and the initialization setting of single-chip microcomputer 1 comprises being provided with etc. of setting, interruption of setting, the timer of register.

Setting module 101 is used to set test parameter, and this test parameter is imported through input media 2 by the user.Said test parameter comprises testing time, start time-delay and shutdown time-delay.The start time-delay is meant that the shutdown time-delay is meant from sending off signal to the time interval of sending starting-up signal from sending starting-up signal to the time interval of sending off signal.In the present embodiment, starting-up signal and off signal all are the control signals of the power switch of mainboard 4, are momentary signals.If do not need testing host 4 to get into the switching on and shutting down performance of operating system, can set smaller start time-delay and shutdown time-delay, as all being made as 6 seconds; If need testing host 4 to get into the switching on and shutting down performance of operating system, set bigger start time-delay and shutdown time-delay, as all being made as 50 seconds.The user sets test parameter through input media 2 (like keyboard or button).For example, through being 1000 times by the key assignments testing time, start time-delay and shutdown time-delay are 6 seconds.

Start test module 102 is used to send starting-up signal and gives mainboard 4; And carry out timing according to the start time-delay that setting module 101 is set; Detection system voltage when the start time-delay arrives, and judge whether system voltage is relative high level, thus judge whether mainboard 4 starts shooting normally.Behind mainboard 4 normal boot-straps, detected system voltage is relative high level.

Shutdown test module 103 is used for just often sending off signal when mainboard 4 starts and gives mainboard 4; And carry out timing according to the shutdown time-delay that setting module 101 is set; Detection system voltage when the shutdown time-delay arrives; And judge whether the shutdown system voltage is relative low level, thereby judge whether mainboard 4 shuts down normally.Behind mainboard 4 normal shutdowns, detected system voltage is relative low level.

Shutdown authentication module 104 is used for when the shutdown failure, verifying that this shutdown failure whether because accident causes, gets into the error checking result that operating system causes to get rid of.Suppose that the start time-delay was made as 50 seconds, computing machine gets into operating system in start after 48 seconds, and the test module 102 of then starting shooting sent off signal through 50 seconds after sending starting-up signal, and this moment, mainboard 4 got into operating system.Mainboard 4 can shield this off signal (the shielding time is about 10 seconds) when getting into operating system, mainboard 4 can not respond this off signal and cause shutting down undesired.Occur for fear of this situation; Testing the checking of shutting down after shutdown is failed; Off signal and detection system voltage are sent in time-delay a period of time (as 10 seconds) once more; If system voltage is not relative low level; Then judge not by checking; If system voltage is relative low level, then judge by checking.The shutdown checking can also repeat to send several times off signal and detection system voltage.

Logging modle 105 is used for logging test results.In the test process of a mainboard 4, if start is normal and shutdown normal (shutdown normally comprises through the shutdown checking), then through this time test.Logging modle 105 current testing times of record and the number of times (abbreviation number of pass times) through test in the present embodiment, every test once, current testing time adds 1, the per pass test, number of pass times adds 1.If once do not pass through, the number of pass times that then writes down during EOT is 0, if test is each time all passed through in the testing time of setting, and the testing time that the number of pass times that then writes down during EOT equals to set.This logging modle 105 can also be selected the unsanctioned number of times of record test.

The charactron that display module 106 is used for control display device 3 when each EOT shows current testing time; Send the information that test is passed through at the pilot lamp of whole test through time control display device 3, the alarm of control display device 3 sends the warning message of test crash when test crash.If test is each time all passed through in the testing time of setting, then whole test is passed through.If boot failure or shutdown checking are not passed through, then test crash.Can continue shinny through the pilot lamp of control display device 3 or flicker representes that whole test passes through.

Determination module 107 is used for judging whether continue test.If current testing time reaches the testing time of setting greater than number of pass times or current testing time, determination module 107 is judged and is finished test in the present embodiment.Current testing time shows boot failure greater than number of pass times or does not verify through shutdown.Can also select only when current testing time reaches the testing time of setting, to finish test.

As shown in Figure 3, be the process flow diagram of computer main-board on-off method of testing of the present invention preferred embodiment.

Step S200,100 pairs of single-chip microcomputers of initialization module 1 carry out the initialization setting, and the initialization setting of single-chip microcomputer 1 comprises being provided with etc. of setting, interruption of setting, the timer of register.

Step S201, setting module 101 is set test parameter, and through input unit 2 inputs, like testing time, start time-delay, shutdown time-delay, can set based on user's actual need by this test parameter by the user for this test parameter.If do not need testing host 4 to get into the switching on and shutting down performance of operating system, can set smaller start time-delay and shutdown time-delay, as all being made as 6 seconds; If need testing host 4 to get into the switching on and shutting down performance of operating system, set bigger start time-delay and shutdown time-delay, as all being made as 50 seconds.

Step S202, start test module 102 sends starting-up signal and gives mainboard 4, and this starting-up signal is the control signal of mainboard 4 power switches.

Step S203, start test module 102 picks up counting based on the start time-delay of setting.

Step S204, when the start time-delay of setting arrives, start test module 102 detection system voltages.The system voltage that present embodiment detects is the 5V_SYS of computer power supply 5.

Step S205, start test module 102 judges whether system voltage is relative high level, if not, then work as Pretesting and do not pass through, forward step S211 to.

Step S206 if detecting system voltage is relative high level, explains that then start is normal in mainboard 4 these test processs, and at this moment, shutdown test module 103 sends off signal to mainboard 4.This off signal is the control signal of power switch.

Step S207, shutdown test module 103 picks up counting based on the shutdown time-delay of setting.

Step S208, when timing during to the shutdown time-delay set, shutdown test module 103 detection system voltages, this system voltage is the 5V_SYS of computer power supply 5.

Step S209, the test module 103 that shuts down judges whether system voltage is relative low level, if detecting system voltage is relative low level, explains that mainboard 4 this time shuts down normally in test processs, then works as Pretesting and passes through, and forwards step S211 to.

Step S210 if shutdown test module 103 detected system voltages are not relative low levels, shows the shutdown failure, and the checking of then shutting down gets into the error checking result that operating system causes to get rid of.The step of shutdown checking is following: 104 time-delays of shutdown authentication module were sent off signal after 10 seconds, through the shutdown time-delay back detection system voltage of setting.If detecting system voltage is relative low level, then through checking,, then do not pass through checking if detecting system voltage is not relative low level, if through checking, then work as Pretesting and pass through.

Step S211, logging modle 105 current testing time of record and number of pass times.If it is that relative low level or step S210 verify through shutdown that step S209 detects system voltage, then through this time test, this moment, number of pass times added 1.The once current testing time of every test adds 1.

Step S212, the charactron of display module 106 control display device 3 shows the current testing time of this mainboard 4; If current testing time is greater than number of pass times, the alarm of display module 106 control display device 3 sends warning message; If current testing time reaches the testing time of setting, the pilot lamp of display module 106 control display device 3 continues shinnyly to represent that whole test passes through.

The testing time that test result that step S213, determination module 107 obtain according to logging modle 105 and setting module 101 are set judges whether continue test.If current testing time reaches the testing time of setting greater than number of pass times or current testing time, determination module 107 is judged and is finished test, tests otherwise forward step S202 to next time.

In the flow process of this preferred embodiment, in case boot failure or through shutdown checking just sends warning message and finishes test.This flow process can shorten the test duration, finds the switching on and shutting down fault fast.Can also take other testing process,, continue test next time again, up to reaching the testing time that sets like the each boot failure or the shutdown failure back record frequency of failure.

The foregoing description adopts the order of the back of start test earlier shutdown test according to the general sequence of main-board on-off test, if adopt the order of the back of shutdown test earlier shutdown test, without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. computer main-board on-off testing system, whether normal, it is characterized in that if being used to test said main-board on-off, and this system comprises:
Setting module is used to set test parameter, and said test parameter comprises testing time, start time-delay and shutdown time-delay, and said start time-delay and shutdown time-delay are according to getting into operating system and not getting into two kinds of different situations of operating system and set;
The start test module is used to send starting-up signal and gives mainboard, carries out timing according to the start time-delay of setting, and whether when the start time-delay arrived, whether the system voltage when detecting start was normal, normal to judge start;
The shutdown test module is used for just often sending off signal when start and gives mainboard, carries out timing according to the shutdown time-delay of setting, and whether when the shutdown time-delay arrived, whether the system voltage when detecting shutdown was normal, normal to judge shutdown;
The shutdown authentication module; Be used for the checking of when shutdown is undesired, shutting down; Time-delay a period of time sends off signal once more and gives mainboard and detect the system voltage when shutting down; Perhaps repeat to send several times off signal and give mainboard and detect the system voltage when shutting down, get into the error checking result that operating system causes to get rid of mainboard;
Logging modle is used for logging test results, and said test result comprises current testing time and passes through testing time; And
Determination module is used for judging whether test based on the test result of testing time of setting and record next time.
2. computer main-board on-off testing system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that this system also comprises display module, is used to show this test result.
3. computer main-board on-off testing system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, said starting-up signal and off signal are the control signals of the power switch of mainboard.
4. computer main-board on-off testing system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the system voltage when said start and shutdown is the system voltage that computer power supply provides, and just often is high level in start, just often is low level in shutdown.
5. computer main-board on-off method of testing, whether normal, it is characterized in that if being used for the testing host switching on and shutting down, and this method may further comprise the steps:
(a) set test parameter, comprise testing time, start time-delay, shutdown time-delay, said start time-delay and shutdown time-delay are according to getting into operating system and not getting into two kinds of different situations of operating system and set;
(b) send starting-up signal and give mainboard;
(c) pick up counting based on the start time-delay of setting;
(d) when the start time-delay of setting arrived, whether the system voltage when detecting start was normal;
System voltage during (e) as if start is undesired, then works as Pretesting and does not pass through, and directly forwards step (i) to, gives mainboard otherwise send off signal;
(f) pick up counting based on the shutdown time-delay of setting;
(g) when the shutdown time-delay of setting arrived, whether the system voltage when detecting shutdown was normal;
System voltage during (h) as if shutdown is normal; Then working as Pretesting passes through; Directly forward step (i) to; Otherwise the system voltage during if shut down is undesired, the checking of then shutting down, and time-delay a period of time sends off signal once more and gives mainboard and detect the system voltage when shutting down; Perhaps repeating to send several times off signal gives mainboard and detects the system voltage when shutting down; Get into the error checking result that operating system causes with eliminating,, then work as Pretesting and pass through if the shutdown checking is passed through;
(i) logging test results, said test result comprise current testing time and pass through testing time; And
(j) judge whether to test according to the testing time of setting and the test result of record next time.
6. computer main-board on-off method of testing as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that, after the step of said logging test results, also comprises showing this test result.
7. computer main-board on-off method of testing as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that, this starting-up signal and off signal are the control signals of the power switch of mainboard.
8. computer main-board on-off method of testing as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that, the system voltage when said start and shutdown is the system voltage that computer power supply provides, and just often is high level in start, just often is low level in shutdown.
CN2007102025357A 2007-11-14 2007-11-14 Startup and closedown test system and method of computer mainboard CN101436154B (en)

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CN102117237A (en) * 2009-12-30 2011-07-06 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Test device for motherboard startup and shutdown
CN102375766B (en) * 2010-08-16 2016-05-18 中山市云创知识产权服务有限公司 The on-off test device of electronic installation and method
CN102446127A (en) * 2010-10-11 2012-05-09 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Power supply device and method for testing on/off of computer motherboard
CN102445626B (en) * 2010-10-13 2015-07-22 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Single board testing method and device for the same
CN101982961B (en) * 2010-10-26 2013-04-10 青岛海信移动通信技术股份有限公司 Method and system for testing power on/off reliability of mobile phone
CN102479120A (en) * 2010-11-22 2012-05-30 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Startup/shutdown test system and startup/shutdown test method
CN102572509A (en) * 2011-12-16 2012-07-11 深圳创维数字技术股份有限公司 Set top box starting detection method and device
CN102591769B (en) * 2011-12-27 2015-01-21 奇智软件(北京)有限公司 Method and device for off time detection
CN103383657A (en) * 2012-05-02 2013-11-06 鸿富锦精密工业(武汉)有限公司 Turning on/off testing device and method
CN103389454A (en) * 2012-05-10 2013-11-13 鸿富锦精密工业(武汉)有限公司 Startup-and-shutdown test system and method
CN103970630A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-08-06 浪潮电子信息产业股份有限公司 Method for testing overall stability of server
CN107167162A (en) * 2017-07-07 2017-09-15 深圳市路畅科技股份有限公司 A kind of method of testing of vehicle mounted guidance, apparatus and system

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