CN101429939B - Compression vacuum dual-purpose machine - Google Patents

Compression vacuum dual-purpose machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101429939B
CN101429939B CN2008102297159A CN200810229715A CN101429939B CN 101429939 B CN101429939 B CN 101429939B CN 2008102297159 A CN2008102297159 A CN 2008102297159A CN 200810229715 A CN200810229715 A CN 200810229715A CN 101429939 B CN101429939 B CN 101429939B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
wheel
plug
machine
synchronous
main shaft
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2008102297159A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101429939A (en
Inventor
常殿林
Original Assignee
常殿林
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 常殿林 filed Critical 常殿林
Priority to CN2008102297159A priority Critical patent/CN101429939B/en
Publication of CN101429939A publication Critical patent/CN101429939A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101429939B publication Critical patent/CN101429939B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to a compression and vacuum dual-purpose machine, which consists of a machine body the cross section of which takes the shape of a plum blossom, wherein a machine cover is arranged on one side of the machine body; cylindrical synchronous sealed wheels are arranged on both sides of the machine body; a cylindrical plunger wheel is arranged in the middle of the machine body between the two synchronous sealed wheels; the two synchronous sealed wheels and the plunger wheel divide a middle cavity body into an upper cavity body and a lower cavity body; the center of the plunger wheel is provided with a main shaft; one end of the main shaft is connected with a power drive unit, and the other end of the main shaft is connected with a main shaft gear; the center of each synchronous sealed wheel is provided with a sealed wheel shaft; one end of each sealed wheel shaft is provided with synchronous gears; the main shaft gear drives the two synchronous gears; overlaid plunger chambers are arranged on the synchronous sealed wheels; two groups of overlaid plungers are arranged on the plunger wheel; the diameter of the plunger wheel and the two overlaid plungers form a middle air pumping and compressing core; both sides of tangential points of the synchronous sealed wheels and the plunger wheel are provided with exhaust pipe holes and air inlets respectively; the same cavity body is provided with a group of exhaust pipe holes and a group of air inlets; and the machine body is provided with the exhaust pipe holes and the air inlets.

Description

Compression vacuum dual-purpose machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of compression vacuum dual-purpose machine, can turn, realize under the situation of blade without acceptance of persons at no reciprocating piston, no bent axle, no screw rod with vacuum pump and compressor function.
Background technique
Usually the vacuum compression apparatus has reciprocating pump, vane pump, and screw pump, plunger pump, membrane pumps etc. are multiple.Wherein reciprocating pump has bent axle, reciprocating piston, connecting rod, cylinder etc., be present widely used vacuum calm the anger a kind of, its volume is big, complex structure, and noise is big, the cost height, shortcomings such as suction difference, but since the amount of vacuumizing than the big quilt of other structure pumping source extensively in application, thereby existing vacuum equipment complex structure, noise is big, impact shock is big, again because the crankshaft and piston structure characteristic makes reciprocating motion of the pistons, lower dead center is that the dead point is consumption maximum in the comprehensive effect on the piston, accounts for more than 40% of input work, and this is surprising huge waste.So bent axle piston structure and vane pump, screw rod, barrier film, plunger pump etc. are low because of the stream amount of changing, it is high to consume energy, maintenance expenses is high, thereby restricted the development of the mechanical industry of vacuum compression.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of compression vacuum dual-purpose machine for solving the problems of the technologies described above, purpose is to reduce cost, and reduces noise, volume, realizes dual-use.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose compression vacuum dual-purpose machine of the present invention, be made of following structure: sectional shape is the body of plum blossom shape, side at body is provided with cover, be provided with cylindrical synchronous envelope wheel in the both sides of body, two at middle part at body is provided with the cylindrical plugs wheel synchronously between the envelope wheel, two synchronous envelopes are taken turns and are filled in wheel the middle part cavity is divided into upper cavity and lower chamber, the center of plug wheel is provided with main shaft, one end of main shaft is connected with Power Drive Unit, the other end of main shaft is connected with mainshaft gear, each is provided with the envelope wheel shaft in the center of envelope wheel synchronously, one end of two envelope wheel shafts is provided with synchromesh gear, mainshaft gear drives two synchromesh gear, being provided with folded plug chamber on the envelope wheel synchronously, is provided with two groups of folded plugs on the plug wheel, the diameter of plug wheel and two folded plugs constitute the middle part gas compressor heart, the both sides, point of contact of taking turns at synchronous envelope wheel and plug are respectively equipped with exhaust duct aperture and suction port, and same cavity has one group of exhaust duct aperture and suction port, and exhaust duct aperture and suction port are located on the body.
The periphery of described body is provided with radiating fin or body is provided with cooling water channel, and adjacent cooling water channel is ganged up from beginning to end, and cooling water channel links to each other with coolant pump or radiator by pipeline.
Described Power Drive Unit is located at the outside of cover; Power Drive Unit comprises the sheave that is located on the main shaft that stretches out cover, drives the motor of sheave; Be provided with bearing between main shaft and envelope wheel shaft and body and cover, be provided with backbone sealing ring in the outside or the inboard of bearing; Main shaft is fixed with key with plug wheel and synchronous envelope wheel respectively with the envelope wheel shaft.
Described folded plug is that single patch stack assembling back of rectangular sheet is fixed on the obturating plug by folded plug screw rod, obturating plug is that wedge shape is inserted in the dovetail groove of plug wheel, the obturating plug below is provided with drift, two folded plugs are in the peripheries of the diameter of plug wheel, and single patch is bowl-type, dish, cylindrical, semicircle or polygonal.
Described synchronous envelope wheel is provided with radial seal ring and axial seal piece.
Described radial seal ring and axial seal piece are arranged alternately.
Described radial seal ring is located at synchronous envelope wheel and goes up and become dynamic seal (packing) with the body surface of contact, and the envelope wheel is provided with spacing hole synchronously, and the two ends of radial seal ring are stuck in the spacing hole that synchronous envelope takes turns, and are provided with spring in spacing hole and between the two ends of radial seal ring.
Described axial seal piece is located in the wedge slot of synchronous envelope wheel, and wedge slot is located at the two ends of synchronous envelope wheel.
Described exhaust duct aperture is connected with the suction tude joint with extra-organismal exhaust fitting respectively with suction port.
Described exhaust fitting and suction tude joint are provided with one-way valve, are provided with transom window in the body inboard at exhaust duct aperture and suction port place, and transom window is provided with filter screen, and the internal surface of transom window is smooth smooth, and transom window is a shutter.
Described plug wheel periphery is elastic gel or Steel Spring Plate; The inwall of body is an elastic abrasion-proof material.
Advantageous effect of the present invention: owing to there is not reciprocating piston, thereby do not have four go up lower dead centres (stop) can save 40% the energy.Because of the present invention does not have the bent axle of reciprocating piston and complex process, thereby its cost reduces more than 50%.Thereby economic benefit is considerable.Reduced simultaneously operating noise significantly.Eradicated the vibration of hyperbolic axle fierceness.When the plug wheel is a compressor when clockwise rotating, when rotating counterclockwise vacuum pump.Can also many pump housings of coaxial serial connection and be concatenated into the negative pressure pumping source of high-quality high pressure pumping source and high vacuum easily.During unit more piece cylinder, each saves the cylinder air inlet/outlet and gets final product with the pipeline serial connection.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the present invention and Power Drive Unit general illustration.
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the side view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that radial seal ring of the present invention is provided with.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation that wedge slot of the present invention is provided with.
Fig. 6 is the shape and structure schematic representation of axial seal piece of the present invention.
Among the figure: 1, envelope is taken turns synchronously; 2, envelope wheel shaft; 3, key; 4, radial seal ring; 5, axial seal piece; 6, body; 7, folded plug screw rod; 8, exhaust duct aperture; 9, folded plug; 10, obturating plug; 11, cooling water channel; 12, plug wheel; 13, axial sealing ring; 14, suction port; 15, fixed base; 16, cover lock screw; 17, cover; 18, radiating fin; 19, synchromesh gear; 20, exhaust fitting; 21, transom window; 22, mainshaft gear; 23, suction tude joint; 24, seal ring; 25, bearing; 26, main shaft; 27, lower chamber; 28, upper cavity; 29, drift; 30, sealing gasket; 31, the folded chamber of filling in; 32, support; 33, motor; 34, angle band; 35, sheave; 36, sealing block wedge slot; 37, spacing hole; 38, spring.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
As Fig. 2, compression vacuum dual-purpose machine of the present invention shown in 3, be made of following structure: sectional shape is the body 6 of plum blossom shape, side at body 6 is provided with cover 17, be fixed on the body 6 with cover lock screw 16, be provided with sealing gasket 30 between body 6 and the cover 17, be provided with cylindrical synchronous envelope wheel 1 in the both sides of body 6, two at middle part at body 6 is provided with cylindrical plugs wheel 12 synchronously between the envelope wheel 1, two synchronously envelope wheel 1 and plug wheel 12 are upper cavity 28 and lower chamber 27 with the middle part cavity, the center of plug wheel 12 is provided with main shaft 26, be with axial sealing ring 13 on the main shaft 26 at plug wheel 12 two ends, axial sealing ring 13 stops axially disappointing; One end of main shaft 26 is connected with Power Drive Unit, the other end of main shaft 26 is connected with mainshaft gear 22, each is provided with envelope wheel shaft 2 in the center of envelope wheel 1 synchronously, the end of two envelope wheel shafts 2 is provided with synchromesh gear 19, mainshaft gear 22 and two synchromesh gear 19 engagements, mainshaft gear 22 drives the synchromesh gear 19 of both sides, be provided with folded plug chamber 31 on the envelope wheel 1 synchronously, on plug wheel 12, be provided with two groups of folded plugs 9, the diameter of plug wheel and two folded plugs constitute the middle part gas compressor heart, folded plug 9 is for being fixed on the obturating plug 10 by the folded screw rod 7 of filling in behind single patch closed assembly of rectangular butterfly sheet, obturating plug 10 is inserted in the dovetail groove of plug wheel 12 for wedge shape, obturating plug 10 belows are provided with drift 29, both sides, point of contact at synchronous envelope wheel 1 and plug wheel 12 are respectively equipped with exhaust duct aperture 8 and suction port 14, exhaust duct aperture 8 and suction port 14 are located on the body 6, one group of exhaust duct aperture 8 and suction port 14 are arranged in the same cavity, folded plug 9 comes out the back earlier through suction port 14 from a folded plug chamber 31, air-breathing simultaneously by entering next circulation after exhaust duct aperture 8 exhausts, exhaust duct aperture 8 is connected with suction tude joint 23 with body 6 exhaust fitting 20 outward respectively with suction port 14, exhaust fitting 20 and suction tude joint 23 are provided with one-way valve, one-way valve in the exhaust fitting 20 in case exhaust gas recirculation in the chamber, one-way valve on the suction tude joint 23 prevents that the gas in the chamber from returning and lets out suction port, improve the compression vacuum quality, body 6 inboards at exhaust duct aperture 8 and suction port 14 places are provided with transom window 21, transom window 21 is provided with filter screen, the internal surface of transom window 21 is smooth smooth, folded plug 9 and plug wheel 12 can smoothly be turned over, transom window 21 is a shutter, transom window 21 has the oil return effect, lubricant oil in the cavity can not be leaked and is back in the chamber, to realize that no oil leaks in the tracheae, realize fuel-saving environmental protection, the filter screen prolongation service life of equipment that purifies air; The periphery of body 6 is provided with radiating fin 18; Power Drive Unit is located at a side of cover 17; Power Drive Unit comprises the sheave that is located on the main shaft 26 that stretches out cover 17, drives the motor 33 of sheave, and this sheave is a sheave 35, and sheave 35 is connected with motor 33 by angle band 34; Main shaft 26 and envelope wheel shaft 2 and body 6 and 17 of covers are provided with bearing 25, the outside of the bearing 25 on the main shaft 26 is provided with backbone sealing ring 24, bearing 25 outsides that envelope wheel shaft 2 stretches out body 6 one ends are provided with backbone sealing ring 24, and envelope wheel shaft 2 is provided with backbone sealing ring 24 in bearing 25 inboards of cover 17 1 sides; Main shaft 26 is fixing with plug wheel 12 and synchronous envelope wheel 1 usefulness key 3 respectively with envelope wheel shaft 2.
Envelope wheel 1 is provided with radial seal ring 4 and axial seal piece 5 synchronously as shown in Figure 4, radial seal ring 4 is arranged alternately with axial seal piece 5, radial seal ring 4 is located on the synchronous envelope wheel 1 and the dynamic involution of body 6 surface of contact, the both sides end face of envelope wheel 1 is provided with spacing hole 37 synchronously, the two ends of radial seal ring 4 are stuck in the spacing hole 37 on the synchronous envelope wheel 1, are provided with spring 38 in spacing hole 37 and between the two ends of radial seal ring 4; Axial seal piece 5 is located in the sealing plot wedge slot 36 of synchronous envelope wheel shown in Fig. 5,6, and wedge slot is located at the two ends of synchronous envelope wheel 1, and the axial seal piece is a wedge shape.
Be provided with fixed base 15 as shown in Figure 1 on body 6, fixed base 15 usefulness screws are fixed on the support 32.
Plug wheel periphery is elastic gel or Steel Spring Plate; The inwall of body is an elastic abrasion-proof material.
Embodiment 2
Body 6 is provided with cooling water channel 11, and adjacent cooling water channel 11 head and the tail are ganged up,, single patch is a bowl-type, other is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
In body 6, be provided with four synchronously 1, four on envelope wheel be provided with the plug wheel in the centre of envelope wheel 1 synchronously, the monolithic plug is cylindrical, constitutes four joint cylinder structures, other is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4
The periphery of body 6 is provided with radiating fin 18, and body 6 is provided with cooling water channel 11, and adjacent cooling water channel is ganged up from beginning to end, and cooling water channel links to each other with coolant pump or radiator by pipeline.Mainshaft gear and synchromesh gear are belt pulley, and by synchronous band transmission, single patch is semicircle or polygonal, and other is with embodiment 1.

Claims (9)

1. compression vacuum dual-purpose machine, it is characterized in that being made of following structure: sectional shape is the body of plum blossom shape, side at body is provided with cover, be provided with cylindrical synchronous envelope wheel in the both sides of body, two at middle part at body is provided with the cylindrical plugs wheel synchronously between the envelope wheel, two synchronous envelopes are taken turns and are filled in wheel the middle part cavity is divided into upper cavity and lower chamber, the center of plug wheel is provided with main shaft, one end of main shaft is connected with Power Drive Unit, the other end of main shaft is connected with mainshaft gear, each is provided with the envelope wheel shaft in the center of envelope wheel synchronously, one end of two envelope wheel shafts is provided with synchromesh gear, mainshaft gear drives the synchromesh gear of both sides, being provided with folded plug chamber on the envelope wheel synchronously, is provided with two groups of folded plugs on the plug wheel, the diameter of plug wheel and two folded plugs constitute the middle part gas compressor heart, the both sides, point of contact of taking turns at synchronous envelope wheel and plug are respectively equipped with exhaust duct aperture and suction port, and same cavity has one group of exhaust duct aperture and suction port, and exhaust duct aperture and suction port are located on the body; Described folded plug is that single patch stack assembling back of rectangular sheet is fixed on the obturating plug by folded plug screw rod, obturating plug is that wedge shape is inserted in the dovetail groove of plug wheel, the obturating plug below is provided with drift, two folded plugs are in the peripheries of the diameter of plug wheel, and single patch is bowl-type, dish, cylindrical, semicircle or polygonal.
2. compression vacuum dual-purpose machine according to claim 1, the periphery that it is characterized in that described body is provided with radiating fin or body is provided with cooling water channel, and adjacent cooling water channel is ganged up from beginning to end, and cooling water channel links to each other with coolant pump or radiator by pipeline.
3. compression vacuum dual-purpose machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that Power Drive Unit is located at a side of cover; Power Drive Unit comprises the sheave that is located on the main shaft that stretches out cover, drives the motor of sheave; Be provided with bearing between main shaft and envelope wheel shaft and body and cover, be provided with backbone sealing ring in the outside or the inboard of bearing; Main shaft is fixed with key with plug wheel and synchronous envelope wheel respectively with the envelope wheel shaft.
4. compression vacuum dual-purpose machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that described synchronous envelope wheel is provided with radial seal ring and axial seal piece, and radial seal ring and axial seal piece are arranged alternately.
5. compression vacuum dual-purpose machine according to claim 4, it is characterized in that described radial seal ring is located at synchronous envelope wheel and goes up and the dynamic involution of body surface of contact, the envelope wheel is provided with spacing hole synchronously, the two ends of radial seal ring are stuck in the spacing hole on the synchronous envelope wheel, are provided with spring in spacing hole and between the two ends of radial seal ring.
6. compression vacuum dual-purpose machine according to claim 4 is characterized in that described axial seal piece is located in the sealing block wedge slot of synchronous envelope wheel, and the sealing block wedge slot is located at the two ends of synchronous envelope wheel.
7. compression vacuum dual-purpose machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that described exhaust duct aperture is connected with the suction tude joint with extra-organismal exhaust fitting respectively with suction port.
8. compression vacuum dual-purpose machine according to claim 7, it is characterized in that described exhaust fitting and suction tude joint are provided with one-way valve, body inboard at exhaust duct aperture and suction port place is provided with transom window, transom window is provided with filter screen, the internal surface of transom window is smooth smooth, transom window is a shutter, and it is identical with the direction of plug wheel with the angle of air inlet to give vent to anger.
9. compression vacuum dual-purpose machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that described plug wheel periphery is elastic gel or Steel Spring Plate; The inwall of body is an elastic abrasion-proof material.
CN2008102297159A 2008-12-15 2008-12-15 Compression vacuum dual-purpose machine Expired - Fee Related CN101429939B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008102297159A CN101429939B (en) 2008-12-15 2008-12-15 Compression vacuum dual-purpose machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008102297159A CN101429939B (en) 2008-12-15 2008-12-15 Compression vacuum dual-purpose machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101429939A CN101429939A (en) 2009-05-13
CN101429939B true CN101429939B (en) 2011-12-21

Family

ID=40645526

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2008102297159A Expired - Fee Related CN101429939B (en) 2008-12-15 2008-12-15 Compression vacuum dual-purpose machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101429939B (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1109549A (en) * 1994-05-14 1995-10-04 谈诚 Fully closed seal device for swing piston IC engine
CN1310299A (en) * 2000-02-21 2001-08-29 虞锦芳 Double-wheel gear compressor pump
CN2654863Y (en) * 2003-06-13 2004-11-10 于洪金 Engine
CN1594839A (en) * 2004-06-30 2005-03-16 贺坤山 Rotary-piston machinery
CN101144418A (en) * 2007-10-16 2008-03-19 常殿林 Ring cylinder piston petrol engine
CN201318288Y (en) * 2008-12-15 2009-09-30 常殿林 Compression vacuum dual-purpose machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1109549A (en) * 1994-05-14 1995-10-04 谈诚 Fully closed seal device for swing piston IC engine
CN1310299A (en) * 2000-02-21 2001-08-29 虞锦芳 Double-wheel gear compressor pump
CN2654863Y (en) * 2003-06-13 2004-11-10 于洪金 Engine
CN1594839A (en) * 2004-06-30 2005-03-16 贺坤山 Rotary-piston machinery
CN101144418A (en) * 2007-10-16 2008-03-19 常殿林 Ring cylinder piston petrol engine
CN201318288Y (en) * 2008-12-15 2009-09-30 常殿林 Compression vacuum dual-purpose machine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101429939A (en) 2009-05-13

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN1108453C (en) Screw gas compressor
CN1309959C (en) Displacement changing device of vortex compressor
CN1676938A (en) Rotary dual-cylinder compressor using exhaust middle partition board
WO2010045767A1 (en) A stationary vane type compressor
CN201318288Y (en) Compression vacuum dual-purpose machine
CN101429939B (en) Compression vacuum dual-purpose machine
US20040005235A1 (en) Volumetric rotary machine
CN202001297U (en) Two-angle rotary type compressor
CN1898464A (en) Improvements in intersecting vane machines
RU2416031C1 (en) Rotary internal combustion engine
CN102410221A (en) Double-cylinder rotary compressor
CN101368564A (en) Integral translational rotating compression device
CN103742395B (en) A kind of design method of primary air extractor
US20120134867A1 (en) Dry pump
CN202338474U (en) Chord-variable type compressor
CN206458604U (en) A kind of single screw rod vavuum pump
CN202417942U (en) Vortex electric vacuum pump
CN212202411U (en) Two-stage air-cooled high-pressure air pump
CN103671109B (en) A kind of rib bar vacuum pump
CN210623016U (en) Eight-cylinder air compressor
CN202545248U (en) Double-cylinder rotary compressor
CN208281173U (en) Rotary-vane vaccum pump
CN210440211U (en) Sliding vane type power and air compressor capable of being used as power compensation equipment
CN110486279B (en) Annular vacuum pump
CN213016732U (en) Diaphragm compressor

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
DD01 Delivery of document by public notice

Addressee: Chang Dianlin

Document name: Review of business letter

C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111221

Termination date: 20141215