CN101424117B - Gypsum insulation plate and connection method thereof with major structure of construction - Google Patents

Gypsum insulation plate and connection method thereof with major structure of construction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101424117B
CN101424117B CN200810152783XA CN200810152783A CN101424117B CN 101424117 B CN101424117 B CN 101424117B CN 200810152783X A CN200810152783X A CN 200810152783XA CN 200810152783 A CN200810152783 A CN 200810152783A CN 101424117 B CN101424117 B CN 101424117B
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cavity
gypsum
chamber
insulation plate
gypsum insulation
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CN101424117A (en
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程松林
姜寅卿
龙悦
陈耀勤
邓永胜
姜忻良
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Tianjin Development Area Fulin Development Co Ltd
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Tianjin Development Area Fulin Development Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a gypsum heated board and a method for connecting the gypsum heated board and a major building structure. The gypsum heated board is divided into a double-cavity gypsum heated board and a single-cavity gypsum heated board which take gypsum as a raw material, and the two-layer cavity structure has one hollow cavity and one solid cavity or two hollow cavities; and when the two-layer cavity structure has one hollow cavity and one solid cavity, an inner cavity is the hollow cavity, the inside of an outer cavity is filled with heat-insulating materials, and the inner cavity and the outer cavity are provided with ribs which are arranged in the staggered form. The gypsum heated board is used for external heat preservation of an external wall of a building and heat preservation of roofing. The connecting method is to connect the board and the major building structure by means of exterior projecting of a concrete member or a pre-buried steel member in a wall body. The single-cavity gypsum heated board is used for internal heat preservation of the external wall of the building; the inside of the single-cavity gypsum heated board is fixed with a keel; and the single-cavity gypsum heated board is connected with the major building structure through an adhesive or an expand tube. The gypsum heated board has the advantages of reutilization of industrial waste, energy-saving raw materials, environmental protection, sound insulation, water resistance, heat preservation, good fire resistance, convenient construction, quick assembly speed and wide application scope.

Description

Gypsum insulation plate and with the method for attachment of major structure of construction
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of heat insulating material and with the method for attachment of body of wall, particularly relate to a kind of gypsum insulation plate and with the method for attachment of major structure of construction.
Background technology
As everyone knows, what the way of present domestic residence outer wall heat-insulation system was mainly taked is to paste polyphenyl plate or extruded polystyrene board at the exterior wall of building, and external wall heat insulation system exists following deficiency in actual applications:
1. endurance quality and reliability are poor, and heat insulating material and building main body are asynchronous application life;
2. complex procedures, wet trade float work amount is big, industrialization, standardization level are low, present polyphenyl plate or extruded sheet are block materials, need block-by-block to be pasted on exterior wall surface, not only take a lot of work but also time-consuming, and occur the cracking of the position is misplaced, intensity is high slurry heat insulating material cracking, decorating surface brick easily and come off and defective such as fireproof performance difference.
Practical application finds that also there is following problem in existing exterior wall internal insulation system:
Exterior wall internal insulation can locate to produce heat bridge (or cold bridge) at floor, cornice etc.Heat bridge can improve the whole thermal transmittance of exterior wall, causes bigger conductive heat loss, and building and heating and energy consumption for cooling increase; Indoor/outdoor temperature-difference and absolute humidity difference are very big, in the inwall or the local condensation trouble of inner generation of exterior wall heat bridge; Because the existence of variations in temperature stress, plate seam position, the top building parapet at warming plate causes cracking along the bottom of roof panel and the overhanging component position in the exterior wall outside easily; Exterior wall internal insulation adopts foam polyphenyl plate or extruded polystyrene board, because hardness and tensile strength are low, influences interior decoration and suspension, mounting article; In addition, mounting process complexity.
Summary of the invention
The present invention for solve the technical problem that exists in the known technology provide a kind of energy-conservation, fire prevention, waterproof, sound insulation, good heat insulating, applied range and the gypsum insulation plate of being convenient to construct and with the method for attachment of major structure of construction.
The present invention for the technical scheme that solves the technical problem that exists in the known technology and take is: this gypsum insulation plate is two-chamber gypsum insulation plate and the single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board that has cavity, and they all are to be primary raw material with the gypsum that has added waterproof agent, glass fiber and chemical addition agent; The two-chamber gypsum insulation plate is two-layer cavity configuration, one empty one real or two skies, and the overall thickness of slab of two-chamber gypsum insulation plate is 6-25cm, outer chamber thickness is less relatively to be 4-6cm; Two-chamber gypsum insulation plate specification is changeable, and maximum can reach 300cm * 1200cm, and inner layer cavity and outer chamber have A rib and B rib respectively, and they adopt wrong rib to arrange; The thickness of single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board material is 6-25cm; The single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board specification is changeable, and maximum can reach 300cm * 1200cm, and the inboard of single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board material is fixed with keel, and keel keep off at the C of cavity rib place;
The method of attachment of two-chamber gypsum insulation plate or single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board and major structure of construction, it comprises steel board, body of wall, floor and adhesive mortar layer, it is characterized in that: this syndeton is divided into two kinds of forms:
1.. the method for attachment when gypsum insulation plate is used for building body and is incubated outward, it by two-chamber gypsum insulation plate, floor, choose member, built-in fitting, shear wall, plate and exterior wall coating material outward and constitute, it divides two kinds of types of attachment again:
(1). adopt outer method of attachment of choosing concrete component, shear wall agent structure form is constant, in every floor plate every the embedding A reinforcing bar of 10-20cm, the A reinforcing bar stretches out shear wall, in the inner layer cavity cavity of two-chamber gypsum insulation plate, be fixed into one with five B reinforcing bars, be fixed with thick polyphenylene heat insulation slab of 20mm and supporting plate in the inner layer cavity cavity, build up overhanging component with concrete casting, encorbelment and bear the load of every two-chamber gypsum insulation plate, between two-chamber gypsum insulation plate and shear wall, leave the A gap, the thick polyphenylene heat insulation slab of 20mm blocks the interface of adjacent two two-chamber gypsum insulation plates, the interface of two-chamber gypsum insulation plate is floating with the flexible putty joint filling, has one deck exterior wall coating material outside the two-chamber gypsum insulation plate;
(2). the syndeton of pre-buried steel member, pre-buried steel member in shear wall, on the two-chamber gypsum insulation plate, fix with the corresponding position fixation steel plate of pre-buried steel member and with the welding of pre-buried steel member, between two-chamber gypsum insulation plate and shear wall, leave the B gap, outside the two-chamber gypsum insulation plate, have one deck exterior wall coating material;
2.. the syndeton when gypsum insulation plate is used for being incubated in the building body, it is made of single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board and the mixed wall of brick, and the keel of single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board inboard are fixedlyed connected with brick wall.
The present invention can also adopt following technical measures:
The inner layer cavity of described two-chamber gypsum insulation plate is a cavity, and fill insulant material or inner layer cavity and outer chamber are cavity in the outer chamber;
The heat insulating material of filling in outer chamber and the single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board cavity on the described two-chamber gypsum insulation plate all is light heat insulation materials;
Described two-chamber gypsum insulation plate is used for the thermal insulation on external wall outer insulation or roof;
Described keel are polyphenyl keel or rough ground.
Advantage and good effect that the present invention has are: adopting the discarded desulfurated plaster in power plant is primary raw material, the shrinkage factor of gypsum plank is not easy to crack less than 0.6%, raw material is energy-conservation, environmental protection, be the second use of industrial waste, energy consumption is little in the manufacturing process, pollutes little, and it is cheap, its industrialization, standardization, portion's product degree height, intensity height, reliability height, sound insulation, waterproof, insulation, good combination properties such as fireproof performance, be convenient to construction and applied range, have globality concurrently, durability, dismantled and assembled property, validity, the characteristics of high recovery property, installation rate is fast, Outwall thermal insulation board weight has shock resistance by the building body transmission.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a two-chamber gypsum insulation plate structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board structural representation;
Fig. 3 be the two-chamber gypsum insulation plate be used for outer insulation adopt outer choose concrete component and building body be connected facade node structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 be the two-chamber gypsum insulation plate be used for outer insulation adopt outer choose concrete component and building body be connected the plane node structural representation;
Fig. 5 be the two-chamber gypsum insulation plate be used for that outer insulation adopts pre-buried steel part and building body be connected facade node structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 be in single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board is used for insulation and building body be connected the plane node structural representation;
Fig. 7 be in single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board is used for insulation and window wall be connected facade node structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is when insulation in single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board is used for, the facade A node structure schematic diagram that is connected with floor;
Fig. 9 is when insulation in single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board is used for, the facade B node structure schematic diagram that is connected with floor.
Among Fig. 1-Fig. 9: 1. two-chamber gypsum composite insulation boards, 2. inner layer cavity, 3. outer chamber, 4.A rib, 5.B rib, 6. single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board, 7. keel, 8. cavity, 9.C rib, 10. floor, 11.A reinforcing bar, 12. shear walls, 13.B reinforcing bar, 14. polyphenylene heat insulation slabs, 15. supporting plates, the 16. outer members of choosing, 17.A the gap, 18. interfaces, 19. coating, 20. pre-buried steel members, 21. steel plate, the 22.B gap, 23. bricks mix wall.
The specific embodiment
For further understanding summary of the invention of the present invention, characteristics and effect, exemplify following examples now, and conjunction with figs. is described in detail as follows, see also Fig. 1-Fig. 9.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2: this gypsum insulation plate is two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1 or the single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board 6 that has cavity, and they all are to be primary raw material with the gypsum that has added waterproof agent, glass fiber and chemical addition agent; Two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1 is two-layer cavity configuration, one empty one real or two skies, and the overall thickness of slab of two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1 is 6-25cm, outer chamber 3 thickness are less relatively to be 4-6cm; The overall specifications of two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1 is changeable, maximum can reach 300cm * 1200cm, also can manufacture less sheet material according to the outer eaves size of building, the inner layer cavity 2 of two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1 and outer chamber 3 have A rib 4 and B rib 5 respectively, they adopt wrong rib to arrange, and to prevent heat bridge (or cold bridge) effect, can improve the whole thermal transmittance of exterior wall because of heat bridge (or cold bridge), cause bigger conductive heat loss, building and heating and energy consumption for cooling are increased; The thickness of single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board material 6 is 6-25cm, the specification of single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board is changeable, maximum can reach 300cm * 1200cm, also can manufacture less sheet material according to the outer eaves size of building, the inboard of single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board material 6 is fixed with keel 7, and keel 7 retainings are at the C of cavity 8 rib 9 places, and purpose is to prevent that heat bridge (or cold bridge) from improving the whole thermal transmittance of exterior wall, cause bigger conductive heat loss, building and heating and energy consumption for cooling are increased; The heat insulating material of filling in 3 single-cavity plaster heat-insulating boards, 6 cavitys of outer chamber on the two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1 all is light heat insulation materials; Adopt its sound insulation of this kind sheet material, heat insulating material and method of attachment to be the 45-50 decibel.
The method of attachment of two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1 or single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board 6 and major structure of construction, it comprises sheet material, body of wall, floor and adhesive mortar layer, it is characterized in that: this method of attachment is divided into two kinds of forms:
1.. the method for attachment when gypsum insulation plate is used for building body and is incubated outward, it by two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1, floor 10, choose member 16, built-in fitting, shear wall 12, plate and exterior wall coating material outward and constitute, it divides again
Two kinds of types of attachment:
(1). as Fig. 3, shown in Figure 4: as to adopt outer method of attachment of choosing concrete component, shear wall 12 agent structure forms are constant, in every floor plate 10 every the embedding A reinforcing bar 11 of 10-20cm, A reinforcing bar 11 stretches out shear wall 12, in inner layer cavity 2 cavitys of two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1, be fixed into one with five B reinforcing bars 13, have thick polyphenylene heat insulation slab 14 of 20mm and supporting plate 15 in inner layer cavity 2 cavitys, build up the outer member 16 of choosing with concrete casting, the encorbelment load of every two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1, between two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1 and shear wall 12, leave A gap 17, increase insulation and defening effect to form air chamber, the thick polyphenylene heat insulation slab 14 of 20mm blocks the interface 18 of adjacent two two-chamber gypsum insulation plates 1, to prevent heat bridge (or cold bridge) effect, outside two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1, scribble one deck exterior wall coating material 19;
(2). as shown in Figure 5: the method for attachment of pre-buried steel member, pre-buried steel member 20 in shear wall 12, fixing with pre-buried steel member 20 corresponding position fixation steel plates 21 and 20 welding of pre-buried steel member on two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1, between two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1 and shear wall 12, leave B gap 22, increase insulation and defening effect to form air chamber, outside two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1, scribble one deck exterior wall coating material 19;
Two-chamber gypsum composite insulating board 1 also can be used for the thermal insulation on roof, earlier roof slope is found during construction, and then, construction waterproof topping behind the coil waterproof layer is done in 1 tiling of two-chamber gypsum composite insulating board.
2.. as Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, shown in Figure 9: the method for attachment when single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board 6 is used for insulation in the building body, it mixes wall by single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board 6 and brick and constitutes, require to increase or reduce the quantity of single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board 6 according to interior insulation, the form of Fig. 9 is then adopted in insulation in can not satisfying as Fig. 8 when requiring, and the keel 7 of single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board 6 inboards are coated with layer of adhesive or adopt expand tube to fix in the middle of mixing wall 23 with brick.
Embodiment 1: adopt with external wall and choose concrete component and two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1 connection structure connecting is an example outward
As Fig. 3, shown in Figure 4: when choosing concrete component outside adopting, shear wall 12 agent structure forms are constant, in every floor plate 10 every the embedding A reinforcing bar 11 of 10-20cm, A reinforcing bar 11 stretches out shear wall 12, in inner layer cavity 2 cavitys of two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1, be fixed into one with five B reinforcing bars 13, have thick polyphenylene heat insulation slab 14 of 20mm and supporting plate 15 in inner layer cavity 2 cavitys, build up the outer member 16 of choosing with concrete casting, encorbelment with this and to bear every two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1, two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1 is fixed on the concrete block 16, between two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1 and shear wall 12, leave A gap 17, increase insulation and defening effect to form air chamber, the thick polyphenylene heat insulation slab 14 of 20mm blocks the interface 18 of adjacent two two-chamber gypsum insulation plates 1, increase insulation and defening effect to form air chamber, outside two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1, scribble one deck exterior wall coating material 19.
Its advantage is; Adopting the discarded desulfurated plaster in power plant is primary raw material, the shrinkage factor of gypsum plank is not easy to crack less than 0.6%, the raw material energy-conserving and environment-protective, it is the second use of industrial waste, energy consumption is little in the manufacturing process, pollute little, and it is cheap, industrialization, standardization, portion's product degree height, the intensity height, the reliability height, sound insulation, waterproof, insulation, good combination properties such as fireproof performance, be convenient to construction and applied range, have globality concurrently, durability, dismantled and assembled property, validity, the characteristics of high recovery property, installation rate is fast, Outwall thermal insulation board weight has shock resistance by the building body transmission.
Embodiment 2: with pre-buried steel part in the external wall and two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1 connection structure connecting is example
As shown in Figure 5: during the pre-buried steel member, pre-buried steel member 20 in shear wall 12, fixedly B steel plate 21 and welding are fixing with pre-buried steel member 20 corresponding positions on two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1, between two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1 and shear wall 12, leave B gap 22, increase insulation and defening effect to form air chamber, outside two-chamber gypsum insulation plate 1, also scribble one deck exterior wall coating material 19.
Its advantage and embodiment 1 are identical.
Embodiment 3: being used to build the method for attachment that window is incubated within the walls with single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board is example
As shown in Figure 9: the syndeton when single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board 6 is used for being incubated in the building body, it mixes wall by single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board 6 and brick and constitutes, for heat insulation effect in strengthening increases single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board 6 in the corner of building body interior wall and floor 10, link together by the keel 7 and the brick wall 23 of adhesive (or adopting expand tube to connect) with single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board 6 inboards.
Its advantage and embodiment 1 are identical.

Claims (7)

1. gypsum insulation plate, it is characterized in that: this gypsum insulation plate is two-chamber gypsum insulation plate (1) or the single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board (6) that has cavity, they all are to be primary raw material with the gypsum that has added waterproof agent, glass fiber and chemical addition agent; Two-chamber gypsum insulation sheet material (1) is two-layer cavity configuration, one empty one real or two skies, and the overall thickness of slab of two-chamber gypsum insulation plate (1) is 6-25cm, outer chamber (3) thickness is less relatively to be 4-6cm; Two-chamber gypsum insulation plate overall specifications is changeable, and maximum can reach 300cm * 1200cm, and the inner layer cavity (2) of two-chamber gypsum insulation plate (1) and outer chamber (3) have A rib (4) and B rib (5) respectively, and they adopt wrong rib to arrange; The thickness of single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board material (6) is 6-25cm; The single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board specification is changeable, maximum can reach 300cm * 1200cm, the inboard of single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board material (6) is fixed with keel (7), keel (7) retainings is located at the C rib (9) of cavity (8), and the gypsum that has added waterproof agent, glass fiber and chemical addition agent is through moulding by casting, the building unit of loosing core and forming through sclerosis, handle through super-dry, requirement is numbered the back and becomes a useful person in accordance with regulations, transports to the job site again, lifts splicing by number order.
2. gypsum insulation plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the inner layer cavity (2) of described two-chamber gypsum insulation sheet material (1) is a cavity, the interior filling light thermal insulation material in outer chamber (3) or be cavity.
3. gypsum insulation plate according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: the heat insulating material of filling in described single chamber and the two-chamber gypsum insulation plate all is light heat insulation materials.
4. gypsum insulation plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described keel (7) are polyphenyl keel or rough ground.
5. the method for attachment of described gypsum insulation plate of above-mentioned each claim and major structure of construction, it comprises sheet material, body of wall, floor and adhesive mortar layer, it is characterized in that: this method of attachment is divided into two kinds of forms:
1.. the method for attachment when gypsum insulation plate is used for architectural exterior insulation, it by two-chamber gypsum insulation plate, floor, choose member, built-in fitting, shear wall, plate and exterior wall coating material outward and constitute, it divides two kinds of methods of attachment again:
(1). adopt the outer concrete component method of attachment of choosing, shear wall (12) agent structure form is constant, in every floor plate (10) every the embedding A reinforcing bar of 10-20cm (11), A reinforcing bar (11) stretches out shear wall (12), in inner layer cavity (2) cavity of two-chamber gypsum insulation plate (1), be fixed into one with five B reinforcing bars (13), be fixed with thick polyphenylene heat insulation slab of 20mm (14) and supporting plate (15) in inner layer cavity (2) cavity, water with concrete block and to build up the outer member (16) of choosing, encorbelment and bear the load of every two-chamber gypsum insulation plate (1), between two-chamber gypsum insulation plate (1) and shear wall (12), leave A gap (17), the thick polyphenylene heat insulation slab of 20mm (14) blocks the interface (18) of adjacent two two-chamber gypsum insulation plates (1), the interface (18) of two-chamber gypsum insulation plate (1) is located with the flexible putty joint filling floating, has one deck exterior wall coating material (19) outside two-chamber gypsum insulation plate (1);
(2). the method for attachment of pre-buried steel member, pre-buried steel member (20) in shear wall (12), fix with pre-buried steel member (20) welding at the steel plate (21) that two-chamber gypsum insulation plate (1) is gone up on the correspondence position with pre-buried steel member (20), between two-chamber gypsum insulation plate (1) and shear wall (12), leave B gap (22), outside two-chamber gypsum insulation plate (1), have one deck exterior wall coating material (19);
2.. the method for attachment when gypsum insulation plate is used for being incubated in the building body, it is made of single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board and the mixed wall of brick, and the inboard keel (7) of single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board (6) mix wall (23) with brick and link into an integrated entity.
6. the method for attachment of gypsum insulation sheet material according to claim 5 and major structure of construction is characterized in that: described two-chamber gypsum insulation plate (1) is used for the thermal insulation on external wall outer insulation or roof.
7. the method for attachment of gypsum insulation sheet material according to claim 5 and major structure of construction is characterized in that: it is to scribble layer of adhesive or adopt expand tube to connect in the middle of them that the inboard keel (7) of described single-cavity plaster heat-insulating board (6) mix being connected of wall (23) with brick.
CN200810152783XA 2008-11-05 2008-11-05 Gypsum insulation plate and connection method thereof with major structure of construction Active CN101424117B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN101424117B true CN101424117B (en) 2010-12-01

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102071753A (en) * 2011-03-02 2011-05-25 天津开发区福林发展有限公司 Plaster composite inner wallboard of concrete column
CN102162286A (en) * 2011-03-04 2011-08-24 天津开发区福林发展有限公司 Concrete multi-columned gypsum composite external wall panel
CN102182327B (en) * 2011-04-15 2012-08-29 天津开发区福林发展有限公司 Middle-and-high-storey mixed structure system constructed by concrete dense pillar and gypsum composite wallboards and concrete short legs
CN102352678B (en) * 2011-10-24 2013-07-03 程松林 Four-step energy-saving cold-bridge-free heat insulation plate for dwelling house
CN103835505B (en) * 2012-11-26 2016-06-01 中国建筑第七工程局有限公司 Compound heat-insulation board of outer wall constructional method
CN111502060B (en) * 2020-03-23 2021-05-25 中建五局第三建设有限公司 Ski field heat insulation structure with cavity structure and construction method

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