CN101407181A - Crawler maglev vehicle and conveyor - Google Patents

Crawler maglev vehicle and conveyor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101407181A
CN101407181A CNA2008101308264A CN200810130826A CN101407181A CN 101407181 A CN101407181 A CN 101407181A CN A2008101308264 A CNA2008101308264 A CN A2008101308264A CN 200810130826 A CN200810130826 A CN 200810130826A CN 101407181 A CN101407181 A CN 101407181A
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China
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permanent magnet
crawler belt
seat
permanent
crawler
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CNA2008101308264A
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Chinese (zh)
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刘忠臣
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刘忠臣
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Priority to CN200710142948.0 priority
Application filed by 刘忠臣 filed Critical 刘忠臣
Priority to CNA2008101308264A priority patent/CN101407181A/en
Publication of CN101407181A publication Critical patent/CN101407181A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a tracked magnetic suspension vehicle/ a conveyer, which comprise a track, permanent magnets, a suspension seat and a driving wheel. The track is fixedly connected with the permanent magnet or a magnetizer, the suspension seat is fixedly connected with the permanent magnet, and the permanent magnet on the track and the permanent magnet on the suspension seat have homopolarity (or heteropolarity) and are arranged oppositely, generate magnetic suspension repulsive force (or attractive force) opposite to gravitational attraction, reduce or eliminate friction force when a vehicle runs, and reduce energy dissipation. The tracked magnetic suspension vehicle has the advantages of no energy consumption during suspension, low energy consumption during running, and energy saving. The tracked magnetic suspension vehicle achieves trackless magnetic suspension, also can run on a road, and is not limited by railway track any more. The tracked magnetic suspension vehicle also can be used as a magnetic suspension conveyer, and is energy-saving, clean and dustless.

Description

Crawler maglev vehicle and conveyer
Affiliated technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of maglev vehicle and magnetic suspension conveyer, be specifically related to vehicle and magnetic suspension conveyers such as magnetic suspension train, magnetic suspension passenger vehicle, magnetic suspension electric car.
Background technology
The earth of human living is being faced with the crisis of the energy and the environmental crisis of global warming; it is more and more deficienter that the non-renewable oil resources of the earth become; if be merely able to the vehicle race of the earth less than 100 years by present depletion rate according to estimates; and burning petroleum can discharge a large amount of carbon dioxide; cause green-house effect; global warming is raise gradually, will cause iceberg, the two poles of the earth to be melted and flood land, threatening people's personal safety and existent environment of people.So must try every possible means to reduce the fuel oil consumption of oil as early as possible, allow it be applied to other sphere of lifes as far as possible, as be used for manufacturing the plastic living goods that can reclaim use repeatedly, improve the quality of life.Rather than be used for burning and emit mechanical energy that heat energy transforms and allow vehicle ', discharge carbon dioxide simultaneously again.
Consume petroleum on the earth and will belong to various vehicles at most, the form of vehicle is various ways also, the magnetic suspension train that goes at express speed on the fast rail electric car of railroad train, train, subway train, tramway train, overpass that travels on the car, city motor bus, passenger vehicle, utility van, jeep, fork truck, engineering working vehicle, three-wheel vehicle, two-wheel motor bike and the morpet that travel on the highway, the double track railway, the single track is arranged, also have army or tracklaying vehicles such as tank of galloping across the battlefield and armored motor car.Present magnetic suspension train is by magnetic levitation, simultaneously also by magnetically-actuated, the magnetic suspension rail will extend to the terminal point that travels, each state is all strengthening up research and development, but at present surprisingly all high from the comprehensive cost of maglev vehicle and railway, and every kilometer comprehensive cost of bus or train route is up to hundred million yuans more than of 2-3, running cost is higher than other vehicles, because the admission fee costliness is kept going by painstaking effort, and is unable to make ends meet.Other vehicles are all by sliding or rolling and travel, under gravitational action of gravity, overcoming very big friction drag or rolling resistance advances, the energy that consumes is bigger, the annual fuel such as oil that consume reach tens million of tons, in today that earth oil is on the verge of to break off, the meaning of energy savings is very great.
Because square being directly proportional of the resistance of empty G﹠W and speed, so the vehicle that the air resistance of aircraft when flight exercised than ground is a lot of greatly, even also be like this more than very high atmospheric envelope, though the obvious speed advantage is arranged, fuel oil consumption is very big.The resistance of water is much larger than air resistance, general steamer need very large power to travel still to be lower than wheeled car a lot of for its speed.The stator of the linear electric motors of magnetic suspension train and the air gap between rotor are at present less also wants 10mm, and the young pathbreaker is to construction and vehicle ' and the turning worn-down danger of damaging again in the gap, and energy utilization efficiency is lower.Rolling resistance during the wheeled vehicle ' of rubber is very big, and especially the in-fighting of rubber is very big, so power consumption is also very big.The friction point of the crawler belt of tracklaying vehicle and vehicle itself is many, and weight is big, so energy consumption is also very big.
The floating belt conveyor of cyclone and the pneumatic suspension crawler type walking mechanism that are used for the colliery industry then need to expend a large amount of compressed-air actuated energy, and can cause airborne dust, and dust pollution is bigger.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is in order to solve the above-mentioned technical matters of existing in prior technology, provides a kind of obvious energy conservation, comprehensive cost cheap, and the energy consumption of travelling is lower than the novel magnetically levitated car of other various vehicles at present.The present invention starts with from the resistance that reduces vehicle ', and the novel effective ways of the rolling resistance that overcomes wheel are provided, and reaches the purpose of energy savings.
Technical solution principle of the present invention is: the present invention utilizes magnet to have the characteristic of noncontact power transmission, be that homopolarity repels heteropole attraction, overcome the gravitation that vehicle is subjected to the earth with the permanent magnet that does not consume energy, reduce the rolling resistance of vehicle, vehicle is being travelled under the stressed or stressed very little condition hardly, thereby reach the purpose of automobile energy-saving.The move in circles characteristic of continuity of certain function of utilizing actuating unit crawler belt to have to make is equivalent to the unlimited special track that prolongs.
The present invention can also be used to do the magnetic suspension track conveyor, the not only energy-conservation but also no dust of cleaning.Technical solution of the present invention is: a kind of crawler maglev vehicle and conveyer mainly comprise crawler belt, permanent magnet, suspension seat, auxiliary wheel, drive wheel, suspension.Captive joint permanent magnet on the crawler belt, but captive joint permeability magnetic material also on the crawler belt.The seat that suspends is gone up the captive joint permanent magnet, the seat that suspends is gone up actuating device is installed, the seat that suspends is gone up the device that installation can make permanent magnet float, permanent magnet homopolarity (or heteropole) positioned opposite on the magnetic pole of the permanent magnet on the crawler belt and the seat that suspends, produce the magnetic suspension repulsive force (or attractive force) opposite with terrestrial gravitation, lean on magnetic force that the seat (2) that suspends is held up and be suspended in the air, the suspension system of forming by gas spring (9) and damping shock absorption device (10) (11) holds up vehicle body again, forms magnetically supported vehicle.Reduce or eliminate the friction force of vehicle ', reduce energy dissipation, energy savings.
The material of crawler belt can be metal, permeability magnetic material (as silicon steel plate, dead-soft steel) or non-magnet material, rubber, plastics, flexible material, fortifying fibre.Between each chain link of crawler belt bearing, needle roller, ball are set.Crawler belt is provided with the multilayer proofing structure according to the road surface situation, between crawler belt and the permanent magnet shock pad is set.
Also can be provided with orienting lug (7) or damping block (28) on the crawler belt (1).
The suspension system that the seat (2) that suspends is formed by gas spring (9) and damping shock absorption device (10) is connected with vehicle body.Vehicle body (22) can pass through cylinder or hydraulic actuating cylinder adjustment height, and damping vibration.
The inside of suspension seat (2) is provided with flexible air-bag (12), and the bottom of air bag (12) connects permanent magnet (13).
Suspending, extension downwards is provided with bent plate (18) to seat (2) from two ends, and the upper strata of bent plate (18) is provided with permanent magnet (19) or magnetizer (20).
Crawler belt (1) can be 1 layer a structure, also can be the structure more than 2 layers or 2 layers.
" C " font that crawler belt (1) makes progress for opening, the upper strata lower surface of crawler belt is equipped with magnetizer (20) or permanent magnet (14), the following laminar surface of crawler belt (1) is equipped with permanent magnet (17), suspending, extension is provided with bent plate (18) to seat (2) from the middle part to two ends, bent plate (18) be provided with permanent magnet (13), permanent magnet (13) is relative with the magnetizer (20) on the upper strata of crawler belt (1), and the permanent magnet (13) of the seat (2) that suspends is relative with permanent magnet (14) homopolarity of crawler belt (1) lower floor.
Be arranged on the crawler belt (1) outstanding magnetizer (20), the bottom is connected by carrier bar (8) again.Seat (2) the bottom extension downwards that suspends is provided with bent plate (18), and bent plate (18) is provided with double-type permanent magnet (13).The permanent magnet (13) that crawler belt (1) is gone up on the relative seat (2) that suspends of double-type magnetizer (20) is symmetrical arranged.
Be provided with magnetic driving equipment in the suspension seat (2), magnetic driving wheel (49) is provided with permanent magnet (48), the carrier bar (8) of crawler belt (1) is provided with permanent magnet (14), and the permanent magnet (14) in the carrier bar (8) is opposite with permanent magnet (48) pole polarity of magnetic driving wheel (49).Permanent magnet (14) also can be the good magnetizer of magnet conductivity (20).
Go up the captive joint permanent magnetism gear teeth (39) at sprocket wheel (23), carrier bar (8) at crawler belt is gone up captive joint permanent magnetism chain link (38), the material of the permanent magnetism gear teeth (39) and permanent magnetism chain link (38) all is a permanent magnet, and the permanent magnetism gear teeth (39) are relative with the magnetic pole homopolarity of permanent magnetism chain link (38).
Permanent magnetism chain link (47) on the carrier bar (8) of crawler belt (1) to face the magnetic pole homopolarity mutually relative, head and the tail join in turn, the permanent magnetism gear teeth (39) on the sprocket wheel (23) to face the magnetic pole homopolarity mutually relative, head and the tail join in turn, the rotation direction fwd magnetic pole of the permanent magnetism gear teeth (39) is relative with the magnetic pole homopolarity of permanent magnetism chain link (47), and the magnetic pole of the rotation direction rear end of the permanent magnetism gear teeth (39) is relative with the magnetic pole heteropole of permanent magnetism chain link (47).
The magnetic pole of the permanent magnetism chain link (47) on the carrier bar (8) can be a radiation profiles along the circumferential direction, the permanent magnetism gear teeth (39) on the sprocket wheel (23) to face the magnetic pole heteropole mutually relative, join in turn.
The drive system of magnetic suspension crawler belt (1) can adopt the type of drive of common chain wheel drive chain, i.e. sprocket wheel (23) rotating drive chain link (15) and carrier bar (8) motion.
Suspension mechanism can also be that suspension seat (2) inside is provided with oil cylinder (29), be communicated with between each oil cylinder (29), slides within connects traveller (30), traveller (30) has bearing pin (31), bearing pin (31) is provided with balance plate (34), balance plate (34) is gone up and is connected permanent magnet (13), and oil cylinder (29) inside also can be provided with spring (32), and traveller (30) can be provided with damping hole (33).
Above-mentioned balance plate (34) is gone up sliding block joint side direction piston (35), balance plate (34) sliding block joint sidesway slide plate (37), sidesway slide plate (37) is gone up captive joint permanent magnet (13) and guiding permanent magnet (17), forms sidesway oil cylinder (36) between side direction piston (35) and the sidesway slide plate (37).
Go up captive joint cylinder body (40) at the seat (2) that suspends, the interior sliding block joint pillar of cylinder body (40) (41), pillar (41) captive joint pretension bearing (43), pretension bearing (43) internal fixation connects permanent magnetism bearing shell (44), and permanent magnetism bearing shell (44) is a permanent magnet.Drive wheel is by bearing and wheel shaft (46) sliding block joint, and floats along level by the support axle (42) of both sides.The drive wheel side connects permanent magnetism axle sleeve (45) with one heart, and permanent magnetism axle sleeve (45) is a permanent magnet, and magnetic pole is radiation profiles along the circumferential direction.The magnetic pole of permanent magnetism axle sleeve (45) is relative with the polarity homopolarity of permanent magnetism bearing shell (44).The repulsive force that produces alleviates the pressure of bearing, the energy loss of reducing friction.
The carrier bar (8) of crawler belt (1) is gone up captive joint lengthening pin (53), and lengthening pin (53) is gone up all right captive joint neonychium (54), and described lengthening pin (53) forms extension lengthening pin (55) behind both sides and extend outwards.
On suspension seat (2) and the crawler belt auxiliary wheel (27) can be set.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, simple in structure, comprehensive cost is low.The present invention bends to the very long railway line that depends on linear motor driving at present on self the crawler belt to carry with car, does not re-lay expensive Electromagnetic Drive coil on the rail, and railway does not need to build distribution substation and control system on the way, can realize that magnetic suspension travels.Track can utilize existing rail system, has only the cost of vehicle itself, and integrated cost reduces a lot.
2, suspension is not consumed energy.The present invention produces lift force by the repulsive force between the permanent magnet of not power consumption, and the suspension when stopping and travelling does not need power consumption, no matter stops or how long travels, and the suspension vehicle body does not require the expenditure of energy.
3, driving efficiency height.Adopt contactless linked transmission and magnetic drive not to produce friction, power can use rotating machine, air motor, combustion engine or the hybrid power of present technology maturation to drive the mechanical efficiency height of transmission.
4, electric energy conversion ratio height.The stator of the linear electric motors of aerotrain and the air gap between rotor are at present less also wants 10mm, and energy utilization efficiency is lower.The present invention can adopt present motor, and the magnetic gap of stator and rotor is less than 1mm, electrical usage efficient height.
5, the energy consumption of travelling is low.Owing to be suspended state, crawler belt does not contact with vehicle body or seldom contact with the seat that suspends, and therefore only needs little driving energy just can produce very high speed.Because square being directly proportional of the resistance of empty G﹠W and speed, so the vehicle that the air resistance of aircraft when flight exercised than ground is big a lot of times, though the obvious speed advantage is arranged, fuel oil consumption is very big.The water resistance of steamer is much larger than air resistance, and it is a lot of that general steamer needs very large power moving velocity still to be lower than wheeled car.Rolling resistance during the wheeled vehicle ' of rubber is very big, and especially the in-fighting of rubber is very big, so power consumption is also very big.The friction point of the crawler belt of tracklaying vehicle and vehicle itself is many, and weight is big, so energy consumption is also very big.The present invention adopts as contactless linked transmission and magnetic drive and does not produce friction or rub minimum, propulsive effort can make rotating machine, air motor, combustion engine or the hybrid power of the preceding technology maturation of features, needn't adopt costly linear synchronous motor to drive.Energy consumption is lower than present wheeled, tracklaying vehicle, aircraft and steamer so travel.
6, running cost is low.The suspension consumption of current of present low-temperature superconducting repulsion formula and normal temperature electromagnetic attraction formula magnetic suspension train is big, and maintenance cost is also high, and running cost naturally can be very high, the orbit construction expense is surprisingly high, even admission fee is very high, also be difficult to regain the initial expense that drops into, so be difficult to promote.The present invention is because resistance to motion is little, and crawler belt and vehicle suspension are separated, and it is very low to consume energy.So running cost is lower than other the vehicle at present.
7, the road conditions comformability is strong.Crawler belt and road surface area of contact are big, and the air bag relocation mechanism that supports permanent magnet simultaneously has the characteristic of random deformation, can adapt to various complex road conditions.This magnetic suspension train not only can travel on rail, also can travel on highway, will no longer be subjected to the restriction of railway line.
8, the road pavement damage is light.Because the area of contact of crawler belt road pavement is big, and ground-surface pressure is starkly lower than wheeled car.Even little to unit area road surface pressure under the very big situation of load, so the road pavement damage is slight.
9, applied range.The present invention can be widely used in multiple vehicle, as single track or double track magnetic suspension train, passenger vehicle, car, railroad train, subway train, electric car, fast rail train, train, tank, armored motor car etc., especially remarkable to subway train, truck, freight, the passenger traffic bus energy-conserving of low-speed heave-load, also can be used as the rolling staircase of industrial magnetic suspension belt conveyor, flow production line, assembly conveyor, supermarket, market, public building etc.
10, energy savings.The present invention can reduce the energy resource consumption of communications and transportation, saves valuable non-renewable resources such as oil, for alleviating expenditure of energy, saves earth energy, reduces carbon-dioxide emission, reduces green-house effect, prevents that climate warming has great realistic significance.
Now the invention will be further described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the overall appearance block diagram of embodiments of the invention 1 magnetic suspension train.
Fig. 2 is the Facad structure scheme drawing of single-row crawler belt magnetic suspension train of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the Facad structure scheme drawing of biserial crawler belt magnetic suspension train of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the side schematic view of magnetic suspension train headstock of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation one of magnetic suspension crawler belt of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation two of magnetic suspension crawler belt of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation three of magnetic suspension crawler belt of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation four of magnetic suspension crawler belt of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the side schematic view of embodiments of the invention 2 crawler maglev automobiles.
Figure 10 is the front schematic view of crawler maglev automobile of the present invention.
Figure 11 is the stereoscopic figure of crawler maglev automobile of the present invention.
Figure 12 is the stereoscopic figure of magnetic suspension chain wheel drive crawler belt of the present invention.
Figure 13 is the lateral plan of magnetic suspension chain wheel drive crawler belt of the present invention.
Figure 14 is the A-A view of Figure 13.
Figure 15 is the horizontal part sectional view of flexible pillar type suspension seat floating structure of the present invention.
Figure 16 is vertical part sectional view of flexible pillar type suspension seat floating structure of the present invention.
Figure 17 is the horizontal part sectional view of flexible pillar type suspension seat band displaceable structure of the present invention.
Figure 18 is the longitudinal sectional view of magnetic suspension magnetic force tension wheel of the present invention.
Figure 19 is the fundamental diagram one of magnetic force toothed chain wheel of the present invention.
Figure 20 is the fundamental diagram two of magnetic force toothed chain wheel of the present invention.
Figure 21 is the fundamental diagram three of magnetic force toothed chain wheel of the present invention.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of magnetically-actuated wheel of the present invention.
Figure 23 is the stereoscopic figure that the carrier bar of crawler belt of the present invention is provided with the lengthening pin.
Figure 24 is the stereoscopic figure that the carrier bar of crawler belt of the present invention is provided with extension lengthening pin.
1-crawler belt among the figure, 2-suspend the seat, the 2-array carriage; 4-train head, 5-road pillow, 6-rail; the 7-orienting lug, 8-carrier bar, 9-spring; the 10-damper, 11-suspension, 12-air bag; permanent magnet on the 13-suspension seat, the permanent magnet on the 14-crawler belt, 15-chain link; guiding magnet on the 16-crawler belt, the guiding magnet on the 17-suspension seat, 18-connecting panel; permanent magnet on the 19-connecting panel, the magnetizer on the 20-carrier bar, 21-protective cover; the 22-vehicle body, 23-sprocket wheel, 24-transmission shaft; 25-universal-joint drive coupling, 26-engine output shaft, 27-auxiliary wheel; shock pad on the 28-carrier bar, 29-oil cylinder, 30-traveller; the 31-bearing pin, 32-spring, 33-damping hole; the 34-balance plate, 35-side direction piston, 36-sidesway oil cylinder; 37-sidesway slide plate; 38-permanent magnetism chain link, the 39-permanent magnetism gear teeth, 40-cylinder body; the 41-pillar; 42-helps axle, 43-pretension bearing, 44-permanent magnetism bearing shell; 45-permanent magnetism axle sleeve; the 46-wheel shaft, 47-permanent magnetism chain link, the permanent magnet on the 48-magnetic driving wheel; 49-magnetic driving wheel; the 50-pin that extends, 51-neonychium, 52-extension lengthening pin.
The specific embodiment:
Embodiment 1:
Shown in Fig. 1,2,3,4, a kind of crawler maglev train, mainly by crawler belt 1, the seat 2 that suspends, railway car 3, train head 4, the suspension 11 that permanent magnet 14, spring 9 and damper 10 constitute is formed.
As shown in Figure 1, in the present existing railway system mainly by rail 6 and road pillow 5 and be connected and cushion blocking is formed, crawler maglev train of the present invention can move in the existing railway system, so can save the construction cost of laying magnetic suspended railway, and only need make the operation that can be open to traffic of crawler maglev train.
Shown in Fig. 2,3,4, crawler maglev train suspension can use present gas spring damping suspension system (11).Crawler belt 1 on two rails 6 can be one, and as shown in Figure 2, crawler belt 1 is provided with two orienting lugs 7, and the position is as the flange of existing train wheel.Crawler belt 1 on two rails 6 can be two, as shown in Figure 3, a crawler belt 1 is arranged on every rail 6, and every crawler belt 1 is provided with two orienting lugs 7, and orienting lug 7 is respectively arranged one along the both sides of rail 6.When adopting 2 crawler belts, crawler belt weight saving, but the bifurcated road junction of existing rail needs to offer one more more.Orienting lug 7 can make magnetic suspension train along rail route running and turning, can prevent that crawler belt 1 is from rail 6 derailings.
As shown in Figure 4, the suspension systems that the seat 2 that suspends is formed by gas spring 9 and damping shock absorption device 10 are connected with carriage 3 with train head 4, and suspending has permanent magnet 13 on 2, and permanent magnet can be a ferromagnetic material, as nd-fe-b etc.The inside of suspension seat 2 is provided with air bag 12, the bottom of air bag 12 connects permanent magnet 13, can float with road conditions, permanent magnet 14 is arranged on the crawler belt 1, permanent magnet 13 is relative with the polarity homopolarity of permanent magnet 14, produces repulsive force, and crawler belt 1 leans on maglev repulsive force that the seat 2 that suspends is held up and is suspended in the air, the seat 2 that suspends soars aloft train head 4 and carriage 3 to hold up by the suspension system that gas spring 9 and damping shock absorption device 10 are formed again, forms magnetic suspension train.
Fig. 5,6,7,8 shows several representative type caterpillar belt structures.The material of crawler belt can be metal, permeability magnetic material (as silicon steel plate, dead-soft steel), rubber, plastics, flexible material, fortifying fibre.Bearing, needle roller, ball etc. are set to alleviate friction force between each chain link of crawler belt.Crawler belt is provided with the protection multiple-structure according to the road surface situation, and material also can be chosen according to the road surface situation, as the rubber antiskid face of metallic framework.Between crawler belt and the permanent magnet shock pad is set.
As shown in Figure 5, a suspension seat left and right sides, 2 bottom is provided with guiding magnet 17, the left and right sides of crawler belt 1 is provided with guiding permanent magnet 16, the seat 2 that suspends is relative with guiding permanent magnet 16,17 homopolarities of crawler belt 1, and crawler belt 1 is by magnetic repulsion repulsion suspension seat 2, and the final seat 2 that suspends is equilibrated at the midway location of crawler belt 1, the crawler belt 1 and the seat 2 that suspends thoroughly separate, the seat 2 of suspending so neither contacts up and down with crawler belt 1, also contacts about not, remains magnetic suspension state.
As shown in Figure 6, in the bottom of crawler belt 1 magnetizer 20 can also be set, the material of magnetizer 20 can be selected the strong silicon steel plate of magnet conductivity, dead-soft steel for use.The seat 2 of suspending extends downwards from two ends and is provided with connecting panel 18, and the upper strata of connecting panel 18 is provided with permanent magnet 19, and the permanent magnet 19 of connecting panel 18 attracts each other with the magnetizer 20 of crawler belt 1 bottom, produces pulling force upwards, increases magnetic suspension force.A certain position in the middle of guiding permanent magnet 17 on the crawler belt 1 can also be arranged on, a certain position in the middle of the guiding permanent magnet 16 on the seat 2 that suspends also can be arranged on, a certain position in the middle of the chain link 15 on the crawler belt 1 also can be arranged on.
Crawler belt 1 can not be 1 layer a structure, and crawler belt 1 also can be the structure more than 2 layers or 2 layers.As shown in Figure 7, " C " font that crawler belt 1 makes progress for opening, the upper strata lower surface of crawler belt is equipped with magnetizer 20 (or permanent magnet 14), the following laminar surface of crawler belt 1 is equipped with permanent magnet 14, the seat 2 of suspending extends to two ends from the middle part and is provided with connecting panel 18, connecting panel 18 be provided with permanent magnet 19, permanent magnet 19 is relative with the magnetizer 20 on the upper strata of crawler belt 1, produce attractive force upwards, the permanent magnet 13 of seat 2 of suspending is relative with permanent magnet 14 homopolarities of lower floor crawler belt 1, produce repulsive force upwards, the two-layer up and down lift force upwards that produces simultaneously.
As shown in Figure 8, the seat 2 bottoms extension downwards that suspends is provided with connecting panel 18, and connecting panel 18 is provided with two-layer permanent magnet 19 up and down, and two-layer permanent magnet 19 heteropoles are relative.The left and right side of crawler belt is a chain link 15, and chain link 15 inside are provided with the left and right sides that 20,2 pairs of magnetizers 20 of 2 outstanding magnetizers are symmetrically distributed in permanent magnet 19, and the bottom is connected by carrier bar 8 again.Seat 2 by gravitys that suspend sink, and produce the magnetic pulling force that makes progress between permanent magnet 19 left and right sides magnetic poles and the 2 pairs of magnetizers 20, and about the magnetic pulling force cancel out each other, when making progress to such an extent that just rest on balance position when magnetic pulling force and tare balance.For keeping left and right sides balance also to need to be provided with auxiliary wheel 27.
The version of crawler belt can become various ways by the said structure permutation and combination, and is no longer exhaustive.
Embodiment 2:
Shown in Fig. 9,10,11,12,13,14, a kind of crawler maglev automobile, mainly by crawler belt 1, the seat 2 that suspends, vehicle body 22, the suspension system 11 that spring 9 and damper 10 constitute is formed.
The tire of wheel car replaces to the magnetic suspension crawler belt just becomes the crawler maglev automobile.
The quantity of magnetic suspension crawler belt can be 4 usually, each two of front and back, two of fwds can turn to, with controlling party to.
The quantity of magnetic suspension crawler belt also can be 1,2 or more.
Type of drive can adopt the type of drive of sprocket wheel 23 chain drive-belts that generally adopt at present; above chain link 15 or carrier bar 8, auxiliary wheel 27 can be set; when auxiliary wheel 27 is flat and chain link 15 break away from; stressed when surpassing predetermined amplitude auxiliary wheel 27 contact stressed with chain link 15 or carrier bar 8; avoid suspend seat 2 and crawler belt 1 direct contact, protection permanent magnet etc. is not damaged.
The outside of magnetic suspension crawler belt is provided with protective case 21, plays effect antimagnetic, dustproof, the minimizing frontal resistance, and makes specious.Cover plate materials can adopt the very strong permeability magnetic material of magnet conductivity, plays effect antimagnetic and shielding.
The crawler type wheel is bigger than the load bearing face of rubber tire formula wheel, so stressed less for each parts of crawler belt, friction force is also little.Bearing, needle roller, ball etc. also can be set with the power of reducing friction between the crawler belt.
As shown in figure 14, on the seat 2 that suspends permanent magnet 13 is arranged, the inside that suspends seat 2 of the present invention is provided with flexible air-bag 12, acts on the similar gas filed inner tube of a tyre.The bottom captive joint permanent magnet 13 of air bag 12, permanent magnet 13 can reach sway and rotation up and down with air bag 12.Permanent magnet in the crawler belt is relative with the permanent magnet homopolarity of the bottom of air bag 12, when change takes place to rise and fall in the magnet positions on the crawler belt, the permanent magnet that install the bottom of air bag 12 can rise and fall thereupon, also can keep bigger area of thrust surface even the road surface fluctuating is indefinite, can adapt to complex road surface better.
Captive joint permanent magnet 14 on the crawler belt 1, permanent magnet 13 on the suspension seat 2 is relative with the polarity homopolarity of permanent magnet 14, produce repulsive force, crawler belt 1 is suspended in seat 2 picking-ups that suspend aerial by maglev repulsive force, the seat 2 that suspends soars aloft vehicle body 22 to hold up by the suspension system that gas spring 9 and damping shock absorption device 10 are formed again, forms magnetic-suspension automobile.
Except that the floating structure of air bag 12, the invention provides another floating structure, to adapt to complex road surface.Shown in Figure 15,16, suspension seat 2 inside are provided with oil cylinder 29,29 connections of each oil cylinder, there is traveller 30 inside, traveller 30 has bearing pin 31, and bearing pin 31 is provided with balance plate 34, connects permanent magnet 13 on the balance plate 34, traveller 30 can be in oil cylinder 29 sliding extension, the permanent magnet 13 that drives on the balance plate 34 fluctuates.Keep contacting with the ground-surface large tracts of land.Oil cylinder 29 inside also can be provided with spring 32, and traveller 30 can be provided with damping hole 33, form the spring damping and vibration isolating system.Carrier bar 8 external stabilities of crawler belt 1 connect damping block 28, make the peace and quiet that operate steadily, and noise is low.
As shown in figure 17, connect side direction piston 35 on the above-mentioned balance plate 34, balance plate 34 bottoms are provided with runner rails, and guide rail is the cylindrical cross-section guide rail, also can be the straight-line rolling slide rail.Sidesway slide plate 37 is installed on the guide rail, captive joint permanent magnet 13 and guiding permanent magnet 17 on the sidesway slide plate 37, form sidesway oil cylinder 36 between side direction piston 35 and the sidesway slide plate 37, when feeding high pressure oil in the sidesway oil cylinder 36, can control sidesway slide plate 37 and produce sidesway, the guiding permanent magnet 17 that drives on the seat 1 that suspends produces sidesway, and the guiding permanent magnet 16 of controlling crawler belt 1 again produces sidesway, can control the turning of crawler belt.
No matter be the crawler maglev train, or crawler maglev automobile or other vehicles, the drive system of magnetic suspension crawler belt 1 can adopt the type of drive of common chain wheel drive chain, and promptly sprocket wheel 23 rotating drive chain links 15 and carrier bar 8 motions make running car.
The present invention introduces the drive system application in the present invention of several special constructions.
Shown in Figure 18,19, the captive joint permanent magnetism gear teeth 39 on sprocket wheel 23, captive joint permanent magnetism chain link 38 on the carrier bar 8 of crawler belt, the material of the permanent magnetism gear teeth 39 and permanent magnetism chain link 38 all is permanent kicker magnet, the magnetic pole homopolarity of the permanent magnetism gear teeth 39 and permanent magnetism chain link 38 is relative, because homopolarity repels, and maintains a certain distance at ordinary times, does not contact.The gap of the permanent magnetism gear teeth 39 1 sides dwindles when transmission, retarding force increases, it is big that the gap of opposite side becomes, repulsive force reduces, about retarding force to make a concerted effort be to help the direction of rotating, realized contactless transmission like this, not friction between crawler belt 1 and the sprocket wheel 23, do not need to lubricate the machinery driving efficiency height.
In order to reduce the friction drag of sprocket wheel 23 and wheel shaft 46, as shown in figure 18, captive joint cylinder body 40 on the seat 2 that suspends, be provided with pillar 41 in the cylinder body 40, pillar 41 can stretch in cylinder body 40, pillar 41 captive joint pretension bearings 43, and pretension bearing 43 internal fixation connect permanent magnetism bearing shell 44, permanent magnetism bearing shell 44 is a permanent magnet, is divided into a fan-shaped part by complete axle sleeve.Sprocket wheel 23 is by bearing and wheel shaft 46 sliding block joints, and floats along level by the support axle 42 of both sides.Sprocket wheel 23 sides concentric captive joint permanent magnetism axle sleeve 45, permanent magnetism axle sleeve 45 is a permanent magnet, magnetic pole is radiation profiles along the circumferential direction, as shown in figure 19.The magnetic pole of permanent magnetism axle sleeve 45 is relative with the polarity homopolarity of permanent magnetism bearing shell 44, produces repulsive force, make sprocket wheel 23 with permanent magnetism bearing shell 44 contactless situations under keep pretension, keep balance with the pulling force of crawler belt.
As shown in figure 20, the permanent magnetism chain link 38 on the carrier bar 8 to face the magnetic pole heteropole mutually relative, head and the tail join in turn, the permanent magnetism gear teeth 39 on the sprocket wheel 23 to face the magnetic pole heteropole mutually relative, head and the tail join in turn, permanent magnetism chain link 38 is relative with the permanent magnetism gear teeth 39 homopolarities.Sprocket wheel 23 is by the rotation of the diagram direction of arrow, the relative repulsive force that produces of the magnetic pole of the rotation direction front end of the permanent magnetism gear teeth 39 with the magnetic pole homopolarity of permanent magnetism chain link 38, the relative pulling force that produces attraction of magnetic pole heteropole of the rotation direction rear end magnetic pole of the permanent magnetism gear teeth 39 and permanent magnetism chain link 38, repulsive force is identical with the attraction direction of pull, and the stack back produces bigger twist moment.This structure is suitable for the occasion of unidirectional rotation.Because automobile seldom has the situation of reversing, and back-up speed is slower, this organization plan also is applicable to automobile.
As shown in figure 21, the magnetic pole of the permanent magnetism chain link 47 on the carrier bar 8 can be a radiation profiles along the circumferential direction, for example illustrate in 20 all is the N utmost point, the permanent magnetism gear teeth 39 on the sprocket wheel 23 to face the magnetic pole heteropole mutually relative, join in turn, sprocket wheel 23 is by the rotation of the diagram direction of arrow, the relative repulsive force that produces of the magnetic pole of the rotation direction front end of the permanent magnetism gear teeth 39 with the magnetic pole homopolarity of permanent magnetism chain link 47, the relative pulling force that produces attraction of the magnetic pole of the rotation direction rear end of the permanent magnetism gear teeth 39 with the magnetic pole heteropole of permanent magnetism chain link 47, repulsive force is identical with the attraction direction of pull, and the stack back produces bigger twist moment.
As shown in figure 22, be provided with magnetic driving equipment in the seat 2 that suspends, 4 magnetic driving wheels 49 are distributed in the both sides at turning, crawler belt two ends, and the inboard of magnetic driving wheel 49 is provided with permanent magnet 48, is staggered by heteropole at same circumference internal magnetic pole.Be provided with permanent magnet 14 in the carrier bar 8 of crawler belt 1, opposite with permanent magnet 48 pole polarity of magnetic driving wheel 49, the permanent magnet 48 of magnetic driving wheel 49 attracts mutually with permanent magnet 14 heteropoles of carrier bar 8, driving crawler belt 1 by magnetic field gravitation magnetic driving wheel 49 rolls, realized contactless magnetic drive, friction significantly reduces.For cost-cutting, be provided with magnetizer in the carrier bar 8 of crawler belt 1, replace expensive permanent magnet 14.
Suspending can also be provided with auxiliary wheel 27 on the carrier bar 8 of seat 2 or crawler belt 1 as required, so that the restoring force of getting back to balance position is provided when sharply turning or side force are excessive.
On the suspension seat of the present invention other actuating devices can also be installed, as driving engines such as air motor, electrical motor, combustion engines.
As shown in figure 23, captive joint lengthening pin 50 on the carrier bar 8 of crawler belt 1, can avoid crawler belt directly with ground-surface dust, the puddles of water, mountain stone, muddy direct contact, to adapt to more complicated road conditions.The protection crawler belt is not subjected to stained, strengthens the carrying capacity of vehicle.Can also captive joint neonychium 51 on the lengthening pin 50, prolong crawler belt service life, make and travel steadily quietly, noise is low.
As shown in figure 24; described lengthening pin 50 forms extension lengthening pin 52 behind both sides and extend outwards, strengthen the stability of crawler belt, to adapt to more complicated road conditions; because the sewage that centnifugal force gets rid of to the outside can not be splashed on the crawler belt 1, crawler belt is played better protection simultaneously.

Claims (10)

1. crawler maglev vehicle and conveyer, comprise crawler belt (1), suspension seat (2), permanent kicker magnet, drive wheel, suspension (11), it is characterized in that: captive joint permanent magnet (14) or magnetizer (20) on the crawler belt, the seat (2) that suspends is gone up captive joint permanent magnet (13) or magnetizer (20), permanent magnet homopolarity (or heteropole) positioned opposite on the magnetic pole of the permanent magnet (14) on the crawler belt (1) and the seat (2) that suspends, crawler belt (1) is opposite with the terrestrial gravitation direction with the repulsive force (or attractive force) that suspends between the seat (2).
2. crawler maglev vehicle according to claim 1 and conveyer is characterized in that: the material of crawler belt is permeability magnetic material (as silicon steel plate, dead-soft steel) or non-magnet material, also can be the rubber flexible material.Between each chain link (15) of crawler belt bearing, needle roller, ball are set.
3. crawler maglev vehicle according to claim 1 and conveyer, it is characterized in that: permanent magnet (14) is equipped with on the internal layer surface of crawler belt (1), the seat (2) that suspends is provided with permanent magnet (13) with crawler belt (1) opposite face, and the permanent magnet (13) of the seat (2) that suspends is relative with permanent magnet (14) homopolarity of crawler belt (1).
4. crawler maglev vehicle according to claim 1 and conveyer is characterized in that: be arranged on the crawler belt (1) outstanding magnetizer (20), the bottom is connected by carrier bar (8) again.Seat (2) the bottom extension downwards that suspends is provided with bent plate (18), and bent plate (18) is provided with double-type permanent magnet (13).The permanent magnet (13) that crawler belt (1) is gone up on the relative seat (2) that suspends of double-type magnetizer (20) is symmetrical arranged.
5. crawler maglev vehicle according to claim 1 and conveyer, it is characterized in that: be provided with magnetic driving equipment and magnetic driving wheel (49) in the seat (2) that suspends, magnetic driving wheel (49) is provided with permanent magnet (48), and permanent magnet (48) relative position of crawler belt (1) both sides and magnetic driving wheel (49) is provided with permanent magnet (14) or the good magnetizer (20) of magnet conductivity.
6. crawler maglev vehicle according to claim 1 and conveyer, it is characterized in that: go up the captive joint permanent magnetism gear teeth (39) at sprocket wheel (23), carrier bar (8) at crawler belt is gone up captive joint permanent magnetism chain link (38), the material of the permanent magnetism gear teeth (39) and permanent magnetism chain link (38) all is a permanent magnet, and the permanent magnetism gear teeth (39) are relative with the magnetic pole homopolarity of permanent magnetism chain link (38).
Permanent magnetism chain link (47) on the carrier bar (8) of crawler belt (1) to face the magnetic pole homopolarity mutually relative, head and the tail join in turn, the permanent magnetism gear teeth (39) on the sprocket wheel (23) to face the magnetic pole homopolarity mutually relative, head and the tail join in turn, the rotation direction fwd magnetic pole of the permanent magnetism gear teeth (39) is relative with the magnetic pole homopolarity of permanent magnetism chain link (47), and the magnetic pole of the rotation direction rear end of the permanent magnetism gear teeth (39) is relative with the magnetic pole heteropole of permanent magnetism chain link (47).
7. crawler maglev vehicle according to claim 1 and conveyer is characterized in that: the inside of the seat (2) that suspends is provided with flexible air-bag (12), and the bottom of air bag (12) connects permanent magnet (13).
8. crawler maglev vehicle according to claim 1 and conveyer, it is characterized in that: suspension mechanism can also be that suspension seat (2) inside is provided with oil cylinder (29), be communicated with between each oil cylinder (29), slides within connects traveller (30), traveller (30) has bearing pin (31), and bearing pin (31) is provided with balance plate (34), and balance plate (34) is gone up and connected permanent magnet (13), oil cylinder (29) inside also can be provided with spring (32), and traveller (30) can be provided with damping hole (33).
Above-mentioned balance plate (34) is gone up sliding block joint side direction piston (35), balance plate (34) sliding block joint sidesway slide plate (37), sidesway slide plate (37) is gone up captive joint permanent magnet (13) and guiding permanent magnet (17), forms sidesway oil cylinder (36) between side direction piston (35) and the sidesway slide plate (37).
9. crawler maglev vehicle according to claim 1 and conveyer, it is characterized in that: seat (2) is gone up captive joint cylinder body (40) suspending, the interior sliding block joint pillar of cylinder body (40) (41), pillar (41) captive joint pretension bearing (43), pretension bearing (43) internal fixation connects permanent magnetism bearing shell (44), and permanent magnetism bearing shell (44) is permanent kicker magnet.Drive wheel is by bearing and wheel shaft (46) sliding block joint, and floats along level by the support axle (42) of both sides.The drive wheel side connects permanent magnetism axle sleeve (45) with one heart, and permanent magnetism axle sleeve (45) is permanent kicker magnet, and magnetic pole is radiation profiles along the circumferential direction.The magnetic pole of permanent magnetism axle sleeve (45) is relative with the magnetic pole same polarity of permanent magnetism bearing shell (44).
10. crawler maglev vehicle according to claim 1 and conveyer; it is characterized in that: the carrier bar (8) of crawler belt (1) is gone up captive joint lengthening pin (53); lengthening pin (53) is gone up all right captive joint neonychium (54), and described lengthening pin (53) can also form extension lengthening pin (55) behind both sides and extend outwards.
CNA2008101308264A 2007-08-13 2008-08-12 Crawler maglev vehicle and conveyor Pending CN101407181A (en)

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CN200710142948.0 2007-08-13
CNA2008101308264A CN101407181A (en) 2007-08-13 2008-08-12 Crawler maglev vehicle and conveyor

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102431602A (en) * 2011-10-24 2012-05-02 沈阳化工大学 Small-sized track platform with electromagnets
CN102530116A (en) * 2012-02-01 2012-07-04 贾管权 Continuous track of slide rail
CN103171900A (en) * 2013-04-01 2013-06-26 徐建华 Magnetic levitation conveyor
CN103434513A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-11 高毅 Magnetic suspension sprocket drive public transportation system
CN104176509A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-12-03 京东方科技集团股份有限公司 Base plate conveying device
WO2015023539A1 (en) * 2013-08-10 2015-02-19 Donald Burke Magnetic conveyance system
CN104773220A (en) * 2015-03-04 2015-07-15 李洪甲 Tractor with magnetic fields and belts instead of crawler belts
CN105217041A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-01-06 苏州钧信自动控制有限公司 The guarded by location structure of actuating unit in a kind of seat
CN105857111A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-08-17 韶关学院 Novel suspension and propulsion two-in-one maglev system
CN107323952A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-11-07 安徽理工大学 Magnetically-actuated ribbon conveyer
CN107444235A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-12-08 柳州福能机器人开发有限公司 The explosion-proof chemical industry stoste transportation robot of damping
CN108068658A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-25 钱月珍 The high ecad magnetic suspension train in chassis
CN110015349A (en) * 2018-01-10 2019-07-16 李仕清 A kind of crawler belt
CN110015348A (en) * 2018-01-10 2019-07-16 李仕清 A kind of crawler type movement of traffic tool
CN110022090A (en) * 2018-01-10 2019-07-16 李仕清 A kind of magnetic suspension locator

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102431602A (en) * 2011-10-24 2012-05-02 沈阳化工大学 Small-sized track platform with electromagnets
CN102530116A (en) * 2012-02-01 2012-07-04 贾管权 Continuous track of slide rail
CN102530116B (en) * 2012-02-01 2014-07-23 贾管权 Continuous track of slide rail
CN103171900A (en) * 2013-04-01 2013-06-26 徐建华 Magnetic levitation conveyor
WO2015023539A1 (en) * 2013-08-10 2015-02-19 Donald Burke Magnetic conveyance system
US10716728B2 (en) 2013-08-10 2020-07-21 Donald Burke Magnetic conveyance system
US9867754B2 (en) 2013-08-10 2018-01-16 Donald Burke Magnetic conveyance system
US10123931B2 (en) 2013-08-10 2018-11-13 Donald Burke Magnetic conveyance system
CN103434513B (en) * 2013-09-18 2015-11-11 高毅 Magnetic suspension sprocket drive public transportation system
CN103434513A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-11 高毅 Magnetic suspension sprocket drive public transportation system
CN104176509A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-12-03 京东方科技集团股份有限公司 Base plate conveying device
CN104773220A (en) * 2015-03-04 2015-07-15 李洪甲 Tractor with magnetic fields and belts instead of crawler belts
CN105217041A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-01-06 苏州钧信自动控制有限公司 The guarded by location structure of actuating unit in a kind of seat
CN105217041B (en) * 2015-09-28 2017-04-05 苏州钧信自动控制有限公司 The guarded by location structure of executing agency in a kind of seat
WO2017202199A1 (en) * 2016-05-26 2017-11-30 袁哲 New maglev system integrating levitation and propulsion
CN105857111A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-08-17 韶关学院 Novel suspension and propulsion two-in-one maglev system
CN107444235A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-12-08 柳州福能机器人开发有限公司 The explosion-proof chemical industry stoste transportation robot of damping
CN107323952A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-11-07 安徽理工大学 Magnetically-actuated ribbon conveyer
CN108068658A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-25 钱月珍 The high ecad magnetic suspension train in chassis
CN108068658B (en) * 2017-12-25 2021-03-02 南京涵曦月自动化科技有限公司 Chassis high-adaptability magnetic suspension train
CN110015349A (en) * 2018-01-10 2019-07-16 李仕清 A kind of crawler belt
CN110015348A (en) * 2018-01-10 2019-07-16 李仕清 A kind of crawler type movement of traffic tool
CN110022090A (en) * 2018-01-10 2019-07-16 李仕清 A kind of magnetic suspension locator

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