CN101405177A - Interactive operating device and method for operating the interactive operating device - Google Patents

Interactive operating device and method for operating the interactive operating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101405177A
CN101405177A CN 200780009883 CN200780009883A CN101405177A CN 101405177 A CN101405177 A CN 101405177A CN 200780009883 CN200780009883 CN 200780009883 CN 200780009883 A CN200780009883 A CN 200780009883A CN 101405177 A CN101405177 A CN 101405177A
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China
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information
actuating element
means
display
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CN 200780009883
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Chinese (zh)
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C·瓦勒
K·巴克费希尔
R·德曼
V·瓦格纳
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大众汽车有限公司
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Priority to DE102006013067.7 priority Critical
Priority to DE102006013067 priority
Priority to DE102006014426.0 priority
Priority to DE102006037156.9 priority
Application filed by 大众汽车有限公司 filed Critical 大众汽车有限公司
Priority claimed from CN201610366526.0A external-priority patent/CN106427571A/en
Publication of CN101405177A publication Critical patent/CN101405177A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to an interactive operating device (100) comprising a display device (35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 180) and to a method for operating the interactive operating device (100). Said method comprises the following steps: graphical information is displayed on the display device (35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 180); sensor information is captured; an operating action is activated when it is determined, using the sensor information, that a body part (36) of a user is located within an activation range that is defined three-dimensionally in relation to the representation area of an operating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181 - 186) on a display device (35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 180), said operating element being assigned to the operating action; ; the captured sensor information comprises user information which is evaluated for determining an operating intent for the at least one operating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186) prior to the operating action being activated; and the information represented on the display device (35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 180) is adapted in accordance with the determined operating intent such that the at least one operating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186) is optimised for activating the operating action which is assigned to the operating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186). The operating device (100) is preferably configured as a component of a motor vehicle console in order to allow the execution of the operating method.

Description

交互式操纵装置和用于运行所述交互式操纵装置的方法技术领域本发明涉及一种按权利要求1前序部分所述的用于运行具有显示装置的交互式操纵装置的方法以及一种按权利要求16前序部分所述的具有显示装置的操纵装置。 TECHNICAL FIELD The interactive operation of said actuating means for actuating interactive present invention relates to an apparatus according to the preamble of claims for operating the front operating device 1 having an interactive display device and to a method according to actuating device 16 of the preamble of claim has the display device. 背景技术经常通过所谓的交互式操纵装置来操纵在汽车驾驶舱中的汽车功能。 BACKGROUND Cars are often manipulated to function in the car cockpit by a so-called interactive manipulation means. 交互式操纵装置包括显示装置,在该显示装置上以图形形式显示出一个或多个操纵元素。 Interactive manipulation means comprises display means for displaying in graphical form the one or more actuating elements on the display device. 各个汽车功能配属给所述操纵元素。 Various vehicle functions assigned to the actuating element. 使用者将身体部位比如手的手指移向所述操纵元素的图形显示图,以此激活或触发在下面称为操纵动作的动作。 Body parts such as the user moves the fingers of the hand actuating element graph showing, in order to activate or trigger an action referred to below as a manipulation action. 所述身体部位是否必须触摸到布置在所述显示装置前面的或者集成在该显示装置中的传感器单元(比如对触摸敏感的薄膜)或者是否仅仅以一定的间距靠近相应的操纵元素就足以激活配属给操纵元素的操纵动作取决于所述操纵装置的传感器单元的结构。 Whether the body part is arranged to be touched to the front of the display device whether the display device or integrated sensor unit (such as touch-sensitive film) or only a certain distance close to the respective actuating element is sufficient to activate the associated to the steering operation of the actuating element sensor unit depends on the structure of the actuating means. 在一些交互式操纵装置上有必要进行触摸以触发操纵动作,这样的交互式操纵装置称为触摸屏-操纵装置。 There are a number of interactive manipulation on a touch device is necessary to trigger the operation of manipulation, this device is called a touch screen interactive manipulation - actuating means. 可以无接触地激活的交互式操纵装置比如包括可以探测到通过人体传递的高频信号的传感器。 Interactive manipulation means may be activated without contact, such as the sensor can be detected by including a high-frequency signal transmission of the body. 在这种情况下有必要靠近身体或者与身体接触地布置高频发射机。 In this case, it is necessary to close the body or with a HF transmitter is disposed in contact with the body. 在汽车中,比如可以将这样的高频发射机集成在汽车座椅中。 In a car, such as a high-frequency transmitter may be integrated in such a car seat. 比如在公开文献WO 2004/078536中对用于借助于穿过人体来传递的高频信号来传递信息的方法和装置进行了说明。 Such as has been described in the methods and apparatus for the high-frequency signal 2004/078536 in the human body to pass through the means of communicating information to publication WO. 身体部位必须处于一个特定的区域中,以激活所迷操纵动作,该区域称为激活区域。 Body parts must be in a particular region, to activate the fan manipulating action, the area is called the active region. 在触摸屏-操纵装置上,所述激活区域是在所述触摸屏-操纵装置的表面上的二维的面。 Touch screen - the actuating means are in the active region of the touchscreen - a two-dimensional plane of the upper surface of the actuating means. 所述激活面通常与有待操纵的操纵元素的显示面相一致。 The activated surface generally coincides with the display surface of the actuating element to be manipulated. 在可无接触地操纵的操纵装置上,所述激活区域通常是紧贴在所述显示装置的表面上方或紧邻该显示装置的表面的三维的区域。 On the actuating means may be actuated without contact, the active region is generally close to the surface of the three-dimensional region of the display device or in close proximity above the surface of the display device. 所述激活区域沿所述显示装置的表面的平面垂线在所述显示装置上的投影通常和所属的操纵元素的显示面一致。 The active region along a plane perpendicular to the display surface of the display device in the same plane of the projection display usually belongs actuating element on the device. 在这样的交互式操纵装置的显示装置上的信息的显示在现有技术中不是以人眼的分辨能力为准,而是主要以使用者的手指的敲击可靠性和机动的精确性为准。 Displaying information on a display device such interactive manipulation device the resolving power of the human eye is not to prevail in the prior art, but mainly to a user's finger tap reliability and precision motorized prevail . 在显示装置上显示出来的操纵元素也称为虚拟的操纵元素,这些操纵元素其中包括菜单、按钮等。 Is displayed on the display means of the actuating element of the actuating element is also called virtual, wherein the actuating element comprises a menu, button or the like. 但是它们也可以具有比如在设计成交互式的导航地图中的图形目标的形状。 But they may also have a shape such as graphical objects in design to interactive navigation map. 通常这样的虚拟的操纵元素也称为窗口构件(Widget)。 Typically such elements are also referred to as a virtual window manipulation member (Widget). 所述操纵元素目前通常在交互式操纵装置上以相当大的尺寸示出,以便使用者可以舒适而轻易地用手指将其激活。 The actuating element is generally present in a relatively large size is shown on an interactive operating device, so that the user can comfortably and easily with the fingers to activate it. 其结果是,所述操纵元素的显示区域通常覆盖所述显示装置的显示面的相当大的部分,而所述显示面否则可以用于显示额外的信息。 As a result, the actuating element display area typically covers a substantial portion of the display surface of the display device, and the surface of the display additional information may otherwise be used for display. 所述显示区域经常遮盖"处于后面的"图形信息。 Often hide the display area "in back of" graphical information. 如果缩小所述操纵元素的在所述显示装置上的显示图,那就可以获得用于信息显示的位置,但是操纵舒适性也随之降低,因为用手指"敲击"所述操纵元素的难度显著加大。 If the reduction is a graph showing the actuating element on the display device, it is possible to obtain location information for display, but the operating comfort is also decreased, because of the difficulty finger "tap" the actuating element a significant increase. 从现有技术中已知,作为对第一操纵动作的应答来缩放所述操纵元素的标度。 It is known from the prior art, as a response to a first actuating operation to zoom scale of the actuating element. 在这样的操纵装置上需要至少两次操纵动作来激活和执行所期望的操纵动作。 Require at least two manipulating action on such actuating means to activate and perform the desired manipulation operation. 从公开文献US 5,579,037中公开了一种具有电磁的数字化托盘(Digitalisiertablett)的显示装置,利用所述数字化托盘可以输入在所示显示装置上显示的日语字符。 Publication US 5,579,037 discloses a display device having an electromagnetic digitizing tray (Digitalisiertablett), the use of the digitized input tray Japanese characters can be displayed on the display device from the FIG. 所述数字化托盘包括通过导线与该数字化托盘相连接的记录笔。 The tray comprises a digitizing stylus via a wire connected to the digitized tray. 如果将记录笔置于相对于所述显示装置的第一间距中,那就将围绕着所述记录笔处于上方的位置所显示的区域放大示出。 If the stylus pen is placed with respect to the pitch of the first display device, then the surrounding area of ​​the recording pen is in the position shown above is shown enlarged. 只要所述记录笔与所述显示装置的间距小于所述第一间距并且大于比所述第一间距小的第二间距,那么所述放大的区域就与所述记录笔的平行于显示装置的位置变化相匹配。 The stylus pen as long as the display device is smaller than the first pitch distance and greater than a second pitch smaller than the first pitch, then the enlarged area on the recording pen is parallel to the display device position matching with the change. 如果低于所述第二间距,那就不再依赖于所述平行于显示面的运动来调整所述放大的区域, 从而可以通过在合适的位置上触摸所述显示装置来输入多个放大显示的字符中的一个字符,在所述合适的位置上显示出相应放大的字符。 If less than the second pitch, it is no longer dependent on the movement plane parallel to the display to adjust the amplification of the region, so that by touching the display device to input a plurality of enlarged display in a suitable position a character in the character, show the corresponding character in the enlarged suitable location. 这样的仅仅可以用记录笔来操纵的操纵装置对于许多应用领域来说不合适,比如不适合用作汽车驾驶舱内的交互式操纵装置。 Such means may be manipulated only by the stylus pen to manipulate it unsuitable for many applications, such as not suitable for interactive manipulation device in the car cockpit. 此外,在行驶的汽车中很难以预先给定的间距平行地在所述显示装置前面移动记录笔来得到放大示出的正确的截取部分。 Further, it is difficult at a predefined distance parallel to the front of the means for moving the stylus to display the correct portion shown enlarged, taken in a moving automobile. 从DE 10 2004 045 885 Al中公开了一种用于汽车的优选构造为旋-压-拉按钮的操纵元件,该操纵元件尤其通过在该操纵元件上的按压、 该操纵元件的触摸、该操纵元件的旋转和/或该操纵元件的拉拔来操纵汽车的功能,其中为该操纵元件配设了用于对该操纵元件进行照明的照明装置、用于对该操纵元件的操作者的接近进行识别的接近传感器和用于依赖于所述接近传感器的输出信号对该操纵元件的照明进行调节的照明控制装置。 Disclosed from DE 10 2004 045 885 Al in a preferred configuration of the spin motor vehicle is used - pull button actuating element, the actuating element, in particular by pressing on the actuating element, the actuating element is touched, the manipulator - Pressure rotation and / or pulling the actuating element element to manipulate the function of the car, wherein the actuating element is provided for the illumination means for illuminating the actuating element, for the operator of the proximity of the actuating element the proximity sensor output signal and means for identification depend on the proximity sensor, the lighting actuating element for adjusting the lighting control device. 由此,值得追求这样的交互式操纵装置,该操纵装置一方面相应地实现最佳的信息显示,并且同时由于操纵元素可轻易激活而提供高度的操纵舒适性。 Accordingly, it is worth pursuing such interactive manipulation means, the actuating means on the one hand respectively to achieve the best information display, and at the same time since the activation of the actuating element can be easily manipulated to provide a high degree of comfort. 发明内容因此,本发明的技术任务是,提供一种操纵装置以及一种用于运行交互式操纵装置的方法,利用所述操纵装置和方法不仅可以实现与人眼相匹配的最佳的信息传送,并且同时可以舒适地激活操纵元素。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The technical task of the present invention is to provide an actuating device and a method for operating an apparatus for interactive manipulation by the manipulating means and methods may be implemented not only optimal information transmission matches the human eye and simultaneously activate the actuating element can be comfortably. 按本发明,该任务通过一种具有权利要求1所述特征的方法和一种具有权利要求16所述特征的装置得到解决。 According to the present invention, this object is achieved by a method as claimed in claim 1 and characterized in having an apparatus as claimed in claim 16 wherein the one having been resolved. 本发明的基础是,依赖于具体状况来调整在所述显示装置上显示的信息。 Basis of the present invention is adjusted depending on the particular status information to be displayed on said display means. 在此,可以为所显示的信息的视觉感知来优化地设计显示。 Here, as the visual perception of the displayed information to optimize the design of the display. 但是,如果检测到使用者的操纵意图,那就改变所显示的信息,从而可以相应地根据所检测到的对于操纵元素的操纵意图来最佳地激活所述操纵元素。 However, if the detected manipulation intention of the user, it changes the displayed information, so as to activate the actuating element respectively according to the detected manipulation intention to optimally for the actuating element. 按本发明,提出一种用于运行尤其在汽车中的交互式操纵装置的方法,其中所述操纵装置具有显示装置以及在所述显示装置上显示的和/或可以显示的具有操纵元素的信息,该方法包括以下步骤:-检测对于在显示装置上显示的操纵元素中的至少一个操纵元素的操纵意图,-依赖于所检测到的操纵意图来调整在显示装置上显示的信息,从而优化地为所述操纵元素的激活而显示出所述至少一个意欲操纵的操纵元素。 According to the present invention, a method for operating an interactive manipulation device in a motor vehicle, wherein the actuating means and having a display device and / or actuating element having information displayed may be displayed on said display means the method comprising the steps of: - detecting for at least one actuating intent actuating element of the actuating element displayed on the display device, - depending on the detected manipulation intention to adjust the information displayed on the display device, thereby optimally to activate the actuating element exhibits at least one actuating element is intended to manipulate. 根据本发明的一种优选的实施方式,为检测对于在显示装置上显示的操纵元素中的至少一个操纵元素的操纵意图,探测操作人员的身体部位是否处于激活区域内,该激活区域在空间上相对于所述操纵元素中的至少一个操纵元素在所述显示装置上的显示区来确定。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, intended to detect an actuating element for manipulating displayed on the display device at least one actuating element, parts of the body to detect whether the operator is in the active region, the active region in space with respect to the actuating elements at least one actuating element to determine the display area on the display device. 按照按本发明的方法的另一种实施方式,在时间上在激活所述操纵动作之前检测对于所述至少一个操纵元素的操纵意图。 The inventive method according to another embodiment of the embodiment, the detection time is intended for actuating the at least one actuating element before activation of the actuating operation. 在一种优选的实施方式中,用于运行尤其在汽车中的具有显示装置的交互式操纵装置的方法包括以下步骤: -在显示装置上显示图形信息; -接收传感器信息;-激活操纵动作,如果借助于所述传感器信息检测到使用者的身体部位处于激活区域内,该激活区域在空间上相对于操纵元素在所述显示装置上的显示区来确定,操纵动作配属给该操纵元素;其中规定,-所接收到的传感器信息包括使用者信息,为了在时间上在激活所述操纵动作之前传送对于所述至少一个操纵元素的操纵意图对所述使用者信息进行分析;并且-依赖于所检测到的操纵意图对在显示装置上显示的信息进行调整,从而优化地为用身体部位来激活配属给所述操纵元素的操纵动作显示出所述至少一个操纵元素。 In a preferred embodiment method of the embodiment, in particular in a motor vehicle for operating the actuating means having an interactive display device comprises the steps of: - displaying a graphical information on the display means; - receiving sensor information; - activate the actuating action, by means of the sensor information if the user's body parts detected in the active region, the active region for the actuating element to determine the display area on the display device relative to the space, assigned to the actuating operation of the actuating element; wherein predetermined, - the received sensor information includes user information, in order to manipulate the transmission time for activating the actuating said at least one actuating element is intended to be analyzed prior to operation of said user information; and - depending on the detecting the manipulation intended to information displayed on the display device is adjusted to optimize the body part to be activated by manipulating an operation assigned to the actuating element exhibits at least one actuating element. 在将对信息的感知优化的视觉布局更换为对操纵优化的触觉布局时,比如渐渐出现地或放大地示出所述操纵元素。 When the information will be perceived visual layout optimized replaced haptic layout optimization manipulation, such as enlarged or gradually appear shows the actuating element. 在识别出操纵意图时比如放大示出较小示出的操纵元素。 Upon identifying such manipulation intention smaller actuating element shown enlarged illustrated. 由此实现了这一点,即虽然可以在所述显示装置上显示高的信息密度,但是只要应该进行操纵就可以随时舒适地进行操纵。 Whereby this is achieved, i.e., although the display may be a high information density on the device, but as long as it should be manipulated can be manipulated comfortably at any time. 使用者信息是指那些说明使用者的行为或者描绘使用者本身的传感器信息。 It refers to the user information or user behavior to those described sensor information drawing the user itself. 所述使用者信息借助于传感器单元来检测并且是所述传感器信息的组成部分,在此对所述传感器信息进行分析以检测操纵意图。 The user information is detected by means of the sensor unit and integral part of the sensor information, this information is analyzed to detect the sensor operation intention. 为了能够可靠地检测操纵意图,在本发明的一种优选的实施方式中,所述传感器信息包括关于使用者的身体动作的信息。 To be able to reliably detect the manipulation intention, in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the sensor information includes information about the user's body movements. 身体动作比如是使用者的手臂或手或手指的运动。 Body movements such as a movement of the user's arm or hand or finger. 另一种身体动作比如是眼睛用于捕获在所述显示装置上显示的信息的定向。 Another body movements such as eye for capturing orientation information is displayed on said display means. 因此,在一种特別优选的实施方式中,所述使用者信息包括关于使用者观察方向的信息。 Thus, in a particularly preferred embodiment, the user information includes information about a user's viewing direction. 也就是说使用者朝向所述显示装置的目光经常是操纵一个操纵元素的前提。 That is to say towards the user display device is often eyes actuating an operating element of the premise. 比如可以借助于照相机传感器来探测使用者的观察方向。 For example the user can be detected by means of the viewing direction of the camera sensor. 因此, 按照本发明的一种优选的实施方式,至少部分地借助于照相机系统来探测所述使用者信息。 Thus, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, at least in part by means of a camera system to detect the user information. 利用这样的照相机系统,通常也可以可靠地检测身体部位的运动。 With such a camera system, generally can be reliably detect movement of the body part. 按照本发明的另一种优选的实施方式,至少部分地借助于超声传感器系统来探测所述使用者信息。 According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, at least in part by means of the user information to detect ultrasonic sensor system. 超声传感器系统适合于特别精确而可靠地确定身体部位的位置。 An ultrasonic sensor system particularly adapted to accurately and reliably determine the position of the body part. 由此利用超声传感器系统早在离所述交互式操纵装置较大距离时就可以可靠地识别出朝向该交互式操纵装置的运动。 Whereby in use as early as when the ultrasonic sensor system from said interactive manipulation means a relatively large distance can be reliably detected movement towards the interactive manipulation device. 同样可以在所述操纵装置的附近区域中执行精确的位置测量、 伸展测量和速度测量。 Can also be measured in the vicinity of the exact position of the actuating device is performed, stretching and Speed. 超声传感器系统可以作为替代方案使用或者与其它传感器系统共同使用。 An ultrasonic sensor system may be used as an alternative to or in combination with any other sensor systems. 在本发明的一种特别优选的实施方式中,借助于使用者信息来检测身体部位的运动方向。 In a particularly preferred embodiment of the present invention, by means of the user information to detect the direction of movement of the body part. 这种运动方向可以单个地或者比如共同地与其它信息、尤其使用者信息、优选观察方向一起加以利用,用于从一组操纵元素中找到一个或多个使用者想作为下一个操纵元素来操纵的操纵元素。 Such movement direction may be individually or collectively with other information such as, in particular, the user information, to be observed using the preferred direction together, or for finding a plurality of users from a group of actuating element as a next want to manipulate the actuating element manipulation of elements. 因此在本发明的一种改进方案中,在检测操纵意图时检测对于所述操纵元素的操纵可能性以及必要时检测对于其它操纵元素的其它的操纵可能性并且对所显示的信息进行调整,从而根据其操纵可至少二个^纵元素或所述其i操纵元素。 Therefore, in a further development of the invention, when detecting the detection operation intention for actuating the actuating element and the possibility of detecting the information displayed and adjusted for other possibilities for further manipulation of the actuating element, if necessary, so that the manipulation which may be at least two longitudinal elements or ^ i which said actuating element. 由此可以实现一种"操纵焦点区(Bedienungsspotlight)"。 Thereby possible to realize a "actuating the focus region (Bedienungsspotlight)". 依赖于身体部位的距离、其运动方向和/或运动速度以及其它的使用者信息,可以在所述显示装置上检测到一个区域,所述有待操纵的操纵元素很可能处于该区域中。 Dependent on the distance of the body part, the movement direction and / or velocity, and other user information can be detected on a region of the device, said actuating element to be manipulated is likely to be in the region of the display. 这个检测得到的区域称为操纵焦点区。 The resulting detection region is called the focal region manipulation. 所述操纵焦点区在操作手距离所述显示装置较远且运动速度很小时还相当地不清晰,并且随着距离所述显示装置越来越近也变得更加清晰。 Actuating said focal region in said display means remote from the operator and the speed of movement is very small Shihai quite unclear, and the display device as the distance becomes closer clearer. 不清晰在此意味着,在目标位置方面存在不可靠性,所述身体部位在所述显示装置上朝该目标位置运动。 In this means is not clear, there is no reliability in terms of target position, the body part of the display device toward the target position. 这个目标位置用作所述操纵焦点区的中心。 The target position is used as the central focal region manipulation. 不可靠性表现在所述操纵焦点区在所述显示装置上的面积。 Uncertainty area in the performance of the actuating means in the focal region in the display. 所述操纵焦点区通常构造为圆形的, 使得关于所述目标位置的不清晰度或不可靠性表现在所述操纵焦点区的半径上,所述身体部位在所述显示装置上朝该目标位置运动。 Actuating said focal region is generally circular configuration, such that the unsharpness on the target position or does not exhibit the manipulation reliability in a radial focus region, the body part of the display device toward the target position. 不可靠性越大(所述操纵焦点区越不清晰),该操纵焦点区就越大。 Unreliability larger (the focus region of the manipulator is not clear), the greater the focal region manipulation. 关于所述目标位置的不可靠性越小(所述操纵焦点区越清晰),该操纵焦点区就越小。 The smaller the uncertainty regarding the target position (the focal region manipulation more clear), the smaller the focal region manipulation. 在此优选规定,所述操纵元素在所述显示装置上按其表面有多大部分在预先给定的缩放规格上处于所述操纵焦点区的区域中、所述操纵焦点区如何清晰以及/或者所述搮纵元素离所述操纵焦点区的位置(中心)的间距有多大进行缩放或者说以其它的方式比如借助于动画、菜单条的展开等为简单的可激活性进行优化。 In this preferred provided that the actuating element on its surface means on what portion of predetermined size in the region of the zoom focal region manipulation of the display in the focal region clear how to manipulate and / or the Li element from said vertical position (center) of the focal region manipulation much scaled pitch or in other ways such as by means of animation, and the like to expand the menu bar can be activated simply optimized. 在一种特别优选的实施方式中,重复地和/或连续地检测所述操纵意图并且对所显示的信息进行相应调整。 In a particularly preferred embodiment, the repeated / or adjusted and are intended to continuously detect the manipulation and display of information is performed. 由此可以比如连续地检测所述操纵焦点区,并且在所述显示装置上无级缩放处于操纵焦点区中的操纵元素并且使其与使用者的运动相匹配。 It can for example continuously detect the focal region manipulation, and display on the actuating element is in stepless zoom focal region manipulation and allowed to match the user's motion device. 在本发明的一种实施方式中,在匹配调整时改变一个或多个操纵元素的透明度、与相邻的其它操纵元素的间距和/或动画。 In one embodiment of the present invention, the change in one or more matching adjusting the transparency of the actuating element, the actuating element spacing adjacent other and / or animation. 在这种情况下,可以合适地动画模拟包括多个操纵元素的列表,以方便使用者选出一个或多个列表元素。 In this case, the animation can be suitably comprises a plurality of actuating element of the list to facilitate user selects one or more list elements. 尤其可以依赖于所检测到的操纵意图来滚动或者说游览较长的列表。 In particular, it may depend on the detected manipulation intention to scroll through long lists or tour. 同样优选借助于所述使用者信息来检测身体部位与所述操纵元素的显示图之间的间距并且依赖于这个间距来缩放所述操纵元素。 Also preferably by means of the user information to detect the distance between the body parts and showing the actuating element and dependent on the pitch scaling the actuating element. 如果比如使用无接触的传感器来激活所述操纵元素,那么可以由该传感器比如在所述显示装置前面约30厘米处探测到使用者的手的接近。 If the non-contact sensor such as the use of the actuating element is activated, then the display can, for example detection by the sensor devices of about 30 cm in front of the proximity of the user's hand. 手或手指离所述显示装置越近,预测应该激活哪个操纵元素的效果可能就越好。 Hand or finger closer from the display device, which should activate the predicted effect of the actuating element may be the better. 因此而后可以简单地实现在所述显示装置上特别优化地显示出这个操纵元素。 Thus can then be easily realized in the special display means displays the optimization of this actuating element. 此外,相应地对所显示的信息进行调整。 In addition, corresponding to the displayed information can be adjusted. 作为关于使用者的信息的补充,在一种优选的实施方式中对关于行驶状态的信息进行分析,以便对所述操纵元素的调整进行优化。 As supplemental information about the user, analyze information about the driving state of a preferred embodiment, so as to optimize adjustment of the actuating element. 例如,在不平坦的路面上的行驶会对使用者对操纵元素的机动的敲击可靠性产生影响。 For example, the user would travel on a flat road surface without an impact on the motor of the actuating element of the reliability of the tap. 在一种这样的情况下,优选以比在平坦光滑的路面上的行驶状况中更大的规格显示出所述操纵元素。 In one such case, the actuating element preferably exhibits a driving situation than on the flat, smooth road surface in larger sizes. 由此保证更好的可操纵性以及更高的舒适性。 This ensures better maneuverability and greater comfort. 与此同时依赖于状况保证最大可能的信息显示。 At the same time it depends on the situation to ensure the maximum possible information display. 因此优选只要没有检测到操纵意图,所述信息就与对视觉上的信息传送来说优化的显示相匹配,比如所有的操纵元素渐渐隐去或者以100%的透明度"示出,,。这尤其在交互式操纵装置上是有利的,在这样的交互式操纵装置上仅仅可以显示出受到很大限制的信息选择,因为比如显示面较小。在本发明的一种优选的实施方式中,在检测操纵意图时识别出由身体部位所执行的姿势并对其进行分析,其中根据配属给相应识别的姿势的调整函数来对所示出的信息进行调整。由此比如可以在潜在的可操纵的操纵元素数量特别巨大时使操纵意图具体化。通过静态的姿势比如可以传送停止信号,该停止信号阻止进一步对所述操纵元素进行调整并且能够在不进行进一步的缩放调整的情况下实现最终选择。 同样可以促使浏览大量以小的图形示出的操纵元素,在这些操纵 So long as the preferred operation intention is not detected, the information is matched with the information transmitted is optimized visual display, such as all of the actuating element gradually faded or 100% transparency "shown ,,. This is particularly is advantageous in interactive manipulation apparatus may exhibit only a very limited selection of information on such interactive manipulation means, such as the display surface is small. in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the when detecting the manipulation intention recognized gesture performed by the body part and analyzed, wherein the adjustment is performed according to the information shown in the respective adjustment function assigned to the recognized gesture. Accordingly, such a potential may be steerable in the huge number of actuating element when the actuating intended embodied by a static posture, such as may be transmitted stop signal, the stop signal to stop the further actuating element is adjusted and the final selection can be achieved without further adjustment of scaling. It can also cause the actuating element to visit a large number of small graph shown in these manipulated 素中的一个操纵元素配有焦点并且为操纵而放大示出。所述调整函数由此会引起所显示的信息的任意合适的变化。所谓的静态的姿势、动态的姿势和综合的姿势证实是合适的姿势。 因此按照本发明的一种实施方式,所述姿势包括至少一种静态的姿势, 借助于预先定义的身体部位姿态来识别出该静态的姿势。按照另一种实施方式,所述姿势包括至少一种动态的姿势,借助于预先定义的由身体部位所经过的轨迹来识别该动态的姿势。对于轨迹, 一方面可以在三维的空间中对形状进行分析。但是额外地作为补充也可以对速度进行分析,所述身体部位以该速度在三维空间中连续经过各个区段。 最后在另一种实施方式中,所述姿势包括至少一种综合的姿势,借助互转变来识别出所述综合的姿势。由此本发明的不同的实施方式可以仅仅考虑静态的姿势、仅 An actuating element with a prime focus of the enlarged and shown to manipulate. Thus the adjustment function will cause a change in any suitable information displayed so-called static gestures, dynamic gestures and posture proved to be integrated proper posture. Thus, according to one embodiment of the present invention, the gesture comprises at least one static posture, the body part by means of a predefined gesture to recognize the static posture. according to another embodiment, the gesture comprises at least one dynamic position, by means of the body part through a pre-defined trajectory identifies the dynamic posture to the track, one can analyze the shape of a three-dimensional space, but also as a supplement additionally velocity analysis may be made to the body part to the three-dimensional space velocity through each successive section. Finally, in another embodiment, the gesture comprises at least one integrated posture, by means of mutual transitions to identify the said integrated posture. thus different embodiments of the present invention may only consider static posture, only 考虑动态的姿势或者仅仅考虑综合的姿势或者考虑这些姿势的任意组合。用至少一个传感器单元来识别出所述姿势,所述传感器单元可以确定身体部位在空间中的位置。所述姿势由至少一个传感器单元来识别这种表述不应该表示在存在多个传感器单元的情况下所述姿势必须由一个单个的传感器单元来识别。更确切地说,这种表述也包括通过多个存在的传感器单元的共同作用来识别所述姿势。 一个单个的传感器单元是否足以用于识别姿势取决于所述至少一个传感器单元的特殊结构及姿势本身。优选如此调整所述信息,从而为视觉感知相应地显示出最多的信息,并且尽管如此对于操纵意图为最佳的可操纵性显示出至少一个检测到操纵意图的操纵元素。在这种情况下可以考虑极为不同的情况的影响。按本发明的装置的特征具有与按本发明的方法的相应 Consider dynamic posture or gesture, or only consider the comprehensive consideration of any combination of these gestures. With at least one sensor unit for identifying the gesture, the sensor unit may determine the position of a body part in space. The gesture by at least one this statement identifies the sensor unit should not be expressed in the presence of a plurality of sensor cells of the gesture must be identified by a single sensor unit. more specifically, this expression also includes a plurality of sensor units by the presence of identifying the gesture interaction to whether a single sensor unit is sufficient for the particular structure depends on the gesture and the gesture recognition unit of the at least one sensor itself. preferably the adjusted such information so as to display the corresponding visual perception most information, and nevertheless exhibits intended for actuating at least one actuating element is intended for actuating the detected maximum maneuverability. in this case, the influence can be considered very different situations. according to a feature of the apparatus of the present invention having the respective method according to the invention 征相同的优点。 Sign the same advantages. 附图说明下面借助于优选的实施例参照附图对本发明进行详细解释。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION aid of the accompanying drawings of the preferred embodiments of the present invention will be explained in detail with reference to FIG. 其中:图1是示意性的流程图,该流程图用于对用于运行交互式操纵装置的方法的一种实施方式进行解释;图2是示意性的示意图,借助于该示意图示出操纵元素的依赖于情况缩放的原理;图3是显示装置的示意图,在该显示装置上优化地为视觉感知或者部分为触觉操作优化地显示出信息;图4A-4D是在显示装置上显示的信息的示意图,所述信息包括根据检测到的操纵焦点区部分放大示出的操纵元素;图5A-5D是显示装置的示意图,在该显示装置上依赖于检测到的操纵焦点区的大小对操纵元素进行了缩放;图6A-6C是显示装置的示意图,在该显示装置上依赖于操纵意图以不同的缩放比例示出了搮纵元素;图7A-7B是显示装置的示意图,在该显示装置上依赖于操纵意图对列表的操纵元素进行浏览;图8是汽车中的交互式操纵装置的示意图;图9-17是由手执行的静态的姿 Wherein: Figure 1 is a schematic flow chart of the flow chart for one embodiment of the interactive method of operating apparatus for manipulating be explained; FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram illustrative of the schematic illustrated by means of the actuating element It depends on when scaling principle; FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a display device, optimally on the display device is a visual perception or part of a haptic operation optimally displays information; FIGS. 4A-4D are on the display information on the display device schematic view, said information comprising actuating element shown enlarged in accordance with the detected focal region manipulation portion; FIG. 5A-5D is a schematic view of a display device, on the display device depends on the size of the detected focal region manipulation of the manipulation elements scaling; FIGS. 6A-6C is a schematic view of a display device, on the display device depends on the manipulation intended to be a different scale shows Li longitudinal element; FIGS. 7A-7B is a schematic view of a display device, depending on the display device to the manipulation intended to browse a list of the actuating element; FIG. 8 is a schematic view of an interactive operating device in a motor vehicle; Figure 9-17 is executed by a static posture hand 势;图20-27是由手执行的动态的姿势;并且图28-33是由手执行的综合的姿势。 Potential; 20-27 dynamic gestures performed by a hand; and the posture of FIG integrated 28-33 are performed by the hand. 具体实施方式图1示出了框图,该框图描绘了用于运行交互式操纵装置的方法10。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION Figure 1 shows a block diagram, a block diagram depicts a method for operating the interactive actuating device 10. 如借助于方法模块12所示,该方法包括在显示装置上的显示信息。 As shown in block 12 by means of the method, the method comprising displaying information on a display device. 首先优选如此选择用于显示所述信息的布局,使得其为最佳的视觉信息传送而设计。 First, the layout is preferably selected for displaying the information, such as information transfer best visual design. 下面将一种这样的布局称为^L觉布局。 One such arrangement will be referred to as ^ L felt layout. 所述操纵装置检测传感器信息12。 Sensor means for detecting the manipulation information 12. 所述传感器信息一方面包括关于一个或多个使用者的信息。 In one aspect the sensor information includes information about one or more users. 这些信息称为使用者信息。 This information is called user information. 这些信息尤其包括关于使用者的身体动作的信息,借助于传感器单元检测这些信息。 This information includes information about a particular user's body motion, by means of the sensor unit detects this information. 所述身体动作则比如包括手臂运动,比如可以借助于用照相机来探测的传感器单元和/或基于超声的传感器单元来检测所述手臂运动。 The operation of the body such as arm movements comprises, for example a camera can be used to detect the sensor unit and / or ultrasound-based sensor unit detects by means of the arm movement. 此外,借助于设有照相机的传感器单元可以检测到使用者的观察方向。 Further, by means of a camera provided with a sensor unit may detect the viewing direction of the user. 将目光投向所述显示装置是一种特別重要的身体动作,因为在多数情况下朝向所述交互式操纵装置的显示装置的目光先行于操纵过程。 The eyes on the display device is a particularly important operation body, since in most cases the interactive manipulation device toward the eyes of a display device according to the preceding actuating process. 除此以外,所检测的传感器信息优选包括关于行驶状况或者汽车环境的信息。 In addition, the sensor is preferably detected information comprises information about car traveling condition or environment. 事实表明,特定的驾驶员事件(Fahrereignisse)经常先行于特定的操纵动作。 The fact that a particular driver event (Fahrereignisse) often precedes a specific operating actions. 随后借助于所检测的传感器信息检测使用者的操纵意图14。 Then the user information detected by means of the manipulation intention detected by the sensor 14. 为检测使用者的操纵意图,对包含在传感器信息中的不同的信息尤其是使用者信息进行分析。 Detecting a user's intention to manipulate, particularly for different information in the user information contained in the sensor information is analyzed. 在这种情况下尤其对使用者的行为也就是说其身体动作进行分析和评估。 In particular, user behavior analysis and assessment that is their body movements in this case. 如果比如发现其对所述交互式操纵装置的显示装置的观察方向发生变化并且在时间上与此相关联的情况下探测到在空间上离所述交互式操纵元素最近的手臂或手的运动,那么由此可以推断出操纵意图。 If found such observation direction of the interactive display device actuating means is changed from said motion detection and interactive manipulation of the arm or hand of nearest spatially temporally associated with this case therewith, it can be inferred intent to manipulate. 可以产生单个信息的许多不同的组合,在此可以对单个信息进行分析和评估。 Many different combinations of individual information may be generated, this may be a single analysis and evaluation of information. 比如在一种实施方式中身体部位朝搮纵单元的方向的有针对性的运动可以是操纵意图视为被识别的前提。 For example, in one embodiment, the longitudinal direction of the body part toward the Li cell targeted motion may be regarded as the manipulation intention premise identified. 借助于提问来检查,是否出现操纵意图的变化16。 By means of questions to check whether a change in operation intention appears 16. 如果不是这种情况,那就没有变化地继续在所述显示装置上显示信息。 If this is not the case, then continue without change information displayed on said display means. 如果产生了操纵意图的变化,也就是说识别出一种操纵意图或者说发现不再存在操纵意图,那就根据所述操纵意图或者不(再)存在的操纵意图来调整在所述显示装置上显示出来的信息18。 If an operation intention of the change, that is intended to identify a kind of the manipulation or operation intention found no longer exists, or it is not (any longer) present manipulation intention to adjust the display apparatus based on the manipulation intention the information displayed 18. 当操纵意图(进一步)得到具体化时,也存在变化。 When the manipulation intention (further) to give the concrete, there are also changes. 如果所述操纵意图的变化在于识别出使用者的此前不存在的搮纵意图,那就改变有待显示的信息,使得在所述显示装置上的布局对触觉操纵得到优化。 If the manipulation intention is to identify changes in the longitudinal Li had intended user does not exist, then change information to be displayed, so that the layout of the apparatus is optimized for manipulation of the haptic display. 在一种实施方式中可以规定,在视觉布局中没有以图形示出任何操纵元素。 In one embodiment, it can be provided, not shown graphically manipulate any element in the visual layout. 在触觉布局中现在渐渐出现操纵元素,也就是说降低其100%的透明度。 Tactile layout actuating element now appears gradually, that is to say reducing the transparency of 100%. 同样可以规定,从图形显示更换为文本显示。 Similarly, provision can be replaced from the graphical display text display. 在另一种实施方式中,在视觉布局中以图形示出小的操纵元素, 在该实施方式中所述操纵元素可以在触觉布局中放大示出。 In another embodiment, the visual layout shown graphically small actuating element, the actuating element in this embodiment can be shown in an enlarged haptic layout. 此外,所述调整可以包括所述操纵元素的结构的变化,比如所述操纵元素(窗口构件)的动画模拟(Animieren)。 In addition, the adjustment structure may include a change of the actuating element, such as the animation (Animieren) actuating element (window member). 在一种构造为汽车立体三维显示装置的显示装置上,可以设置所述操纵元素的在空间上的突出或者信息显示的在空间上前置的重叠。 In one configuration of stereoscopic three-dimensional display on the display means cars, the front overlap in space or projection space of the information on a display of the actuating element may be provided. 优选以可以连续地相互转变的阶段来检测和调整所示出的信息。 Preferably transition phase can be continuously detected and adjusted to each other the information shown. 首先,借助于第一传感器单元的传感器信息来检测操纵意图。 First, when the sensor information of the first sensor unit detects a manipulation intention. 所述第一传感器单元优选包括提供图片的传感器系统,比如照相机系统。 The first sensor unit preferably comprises a sensor system provides images, such as a camera system. 如果识别出通常的操纵意图,那就从视觉布局更换为触觉布局。 If the identified normal operation intention, then replace the visual layout from the layout of the haptic. 比如现在渐渐显示出先前看不见的操纵元素。 For example, now gradually exhibit previously unseen actuating element. 此外,在一种优选的实施方式中,在检测操纵意图时在所述显示装置上检测一个位置和一个将该位置包围的区域,在此为操纵动作也就是说为操纵元素的激活通知了该区域。 Further, in a preferred embodiment, when detecting the manipulation intended to display a position and a detection region surrounding the position of the device, that is to say this notification to activate the actuating element for actuating the operation region. 这个过程称为操纵焦点区的确定20。 This process is called focus region 20 of the manipulation determined. 为检测所述操纵焦点区,可以对不同的传感器信息进行分析。 To detect the focal region manipulation, can be analyzed for different sensor information. 尤其单个地或者共同地对使用者的身体部位的运动方向以及运动速度、 朝向所述显示装置的观察方向以及关于行驶状况的信息进行分析。 In particular, individually or jointly, for the direction of movement and speed of movement of the body part of the user, toward the viewing direction of the display device and the information regarding the driving conditions were analyzed. 作为操纵焦点区检测的结果,在所述显示装置上得到一个位置和一个半径,所述位置表明所通知的目标位置,而所述半径则是用于所检测到的被通知的目标位置的不确定性的尺度。 As a result of manipulation of the focus detection area, and in a position to give a radius on the display device, the position indicates that the target is notified, and the radius of a target is not detected position is notified scale certainty. 在其它实施方式中可以规定, 所述操纵焦点区的形状不是圆形的。 In other embodiments can be provided, the actuating shape is not circular focal zone. 这一点尤为有利,如果操纵方向与所述显示装置的显示面的平面垂线的方向偏差巨大。 This is particularly advantageous, if the actuating direction and the perpendicular direction in the plane of the display surface of a display great deviation. 在对有待显示的信息进行调整时考虑表征操纵焦点区的信息(位置/半径和/或其它区域说明)。 Consider the manipulation information characterizing the focus region (position / radius and / or other areas described) when the information to be displayed can be adjusted. 优选所述操纵元素依赖于所述位置和与所述操纵焦点区的面状的重叠区之间的间距来缩放显示。 Preferably the actuating element is dependent on the distance between the actuating position and the focal region of the planar overlapping region to scale display. 这一点意味着,靠近操纵焦点区的处于该操纵焦点区的中心的位置的操纵元素比这样的离所述操纵焦点区的这个位置更远的操纵元素放得更大。 This means that, near the focal region of the actuating element in the actuating position of the center of the focal region manipulation _ is larger than this from the actuating position of the focus region further actuating element. 此外, 那些在所述操纵焦点区投影到所述显示装置上时与所述操纵焦点区之间具有大的面状的重叠区的操纵元素放得较大。 In addition, those projected to the display in the focal region manipulation of the actuating element having a large area of ​​overlap of the upper planar between the actuating means and the discharge larger focal zone. 图4A到4D示出了这方面的例子。 4A to 4D show examples of this. 不处于操纵焦点区62中但是比其它的操纵元素61"更靠近所述操纵焦点区62的操纵元素61,可以优选比这些其它的操纵元素61"显示得更大一些。 Not in a "closer to the actuating element 61 actuating the focus area 62 may be other than these is preferably the actuating element 61" actuating the focus area 62, but the actuating element 61 than the other displayed larger number. 所说明的方法是各个操纵元素的操纵可能性的确定22。 The illustrated method 22 is to determine the likelihood of each manipulation of the actuating element. 这些操纵可能性也可以根据另一种方法借助于使用者信息必要时在考虑其它关于情况影响的信息比如行驶状况、使用者以往的习惯等的情况下来确定。 These possibilities may be manipulated according to another method in consideration of the influence on other information such as the case of driving conditions by means of the user information when necessary, a conventional case where a user habits down determination. 现在对所述操纵焦点区进行连续调整。 Now continuously adjusting the focal region manipulation. 在另一个阶段中,借助于第二传感器单元来更加精确地检测身体部位的运动以及必要时身体部位的其它特性。 In another phase, by means of the second sensor unit to more accurately detect the motion of the body parts and other characteristics of body parts, if necessary. 在一种实施方式中,产生高频信号的信号发送器布置在使用者身体的附近并且接收器布置在所述显示装置上或其周围,用于接收通过使用者的身体传播的高频信号并且从中确定使用者的手在所述显示装置附近的位置,在该实施方式中可以特别好地对所显示的信息的调整进行微调。 In one embodiment, the signal transmitter generates a high-frequency signal is disposed in the vicinity of the user's body and the receiver is disposed in or around the display device, for receiving a high frequency signal propagating body of the user and determining from the user's hand at a position near the display device, particularly well adjustment information displayed in the fine-tune this embodiment. 在离所述显示装置大约30厘米的间距处,可以用这样的传感器系统探测到使用者的身体部位。 Away from the spacing of about 30 cm the device display, the user can detect the body part with such a sensor system. 如果多个使用者处于汽车中交互式操纵装置的有效距离内,比如汽车的驾驶员和副驾驶员,那么可以借助于不同的高频信号对这些使用者加以区分,所述不同的高频信号通过比如集成在驾驶员座椅和副驾驶员座椅中的不同的信号发送器传入使用者的身体中。 If a plurality of users within range car is interactive manipulation device, such as a car driver and front passenger, then by means of different high frequency signals can distinguish between these users, the different frequency signals by, for example integrated in the driver's seat and front passenger seat of the incoming signal transmitter different from the user's body. 由此可以额外地与使用者的职能(驾驶员/副驾驶员)相匹配地对所示出的信息进行缩放或者说一般调整。 Whereby the user can additionally function (driver / passenger) to match the information shown to scale or general adjustments. 比如在所述显示装置上显示更少的以及为此更大的操纵元素就很有意义,如果驾驶员要在汽车高速行驶时激活显示装置上的操纵元素。 Display means such as fewer and larger on the actuating element makes sense to do this, the actuating means when the driver element is to be activated when the vehicle is displayed on the display at high speed. 不必将注意力集中于汽车驾驶的副驾驶员可以比如操纵较小的操纵元素,为此可以在所述显示装置上从这些操纵元素中显示更多个操纵元素。 It is not necessary to focus on driving a car such as passenger may manipulate small actuating element, for which the display device more from these actuating element of the actuating element in the display. 为了进行微调,优选在识别操纵意图时检测使用者的身体部位与所述显示装置的间距。 For fine adjustment, preferably a pitch detecting means and the body part of the user in identifying the display operation intention. 此外,额外地检测出该身体部位的伸展。 Further, additionally detected body part of the stretch. 在缩放和/或设计所述操纵元素时将该伸展一同考虑在内。 When scaling and / or the design of the actuating element extends into account together. 对于具有大而宽的手指的使用者来说,所述操纵元素必须比具有小而窄的手指的使用者在面积上显示得更大一些。 For users with large and wide to fingers, the actuating element must appear larger in area than the number of users having a small and narrow fingers. 由此在另一个阶段中,可以进行更为精细的调整。 Thus in a further stage, more precise adjustment may be performed. 可以设置两个以上的阶段。 You can set more than two stages. 所述第二传感器单元也可以是基于超声的传感器单元。 The second sensor unit may also be based on an ultrasonic sensor unit. 图2示意示出了从视觉布局转换为触觉布局。 FIG 2 schematically shows a conversion from the visual layout of tactile layout. 在图2的上面区域中,示出了在一种所谓的视觉布局中信息显示图31、 32的两种可能的设计方案。 In the upper region of FIG. 2, it shows two possible embodiments information is displayed in a so-called visual layout of FIG. 31, 32. 在左边的显示图31中没有示出操纵元素。 31 showing the left actuating element is not shown. 在右边的显示图32中设置了小的操纵元素33。 Set small actuating element 33 shown in FIG. 32 on the right. 所述显示装置35的最大的区域34设置用于显示信息。 The largest display area 34 is provided means 35 for displaying information. 如果身体部位36这里是手如在图2中心处示出的一样接近所述显示装置35,那么所显示出来的信息就发生变化,从而放大示出所述操纵元素33,,包括附加的文本信息(A、 B、 C、 D)并且至少相对于左上方的显示图31在其透明度方面发生变化。 If the body part 36 is here shown as a hand as close to the center of the display device 35 of FIG. 2, the information is displayed by the change, thereby amplifying the actuating element 33 is shown comprising additional text information ,, (a, B, C, D) and at least with respect to the upper left of FIG. 31 show changes in its transparency. 对所述触觉布局进行优化,从而可以最佳地由手指来触摸所述操纵元素33,,以便能够激活和触发与所述操纵元素33,相关联的操纵动作。 The haptic layout optimization, which can best be touched by the finger of the actuating element in order to activate and 33 ,, the trigger actuating element 33, actuating associated action. 图3示出了另一个用于从视觉布局41转换为触觉布局42的例子。 Figure 3 shows another example of a layout 42 of haptic 41 from the conversion of the visual layout. 在所述显示装置43上示意示出了导航系统的地图视图48的特别感兴趣的点(兴趣点-POI) 44-47。 In the display device 43 schematically illustrates the view point of a map navigation system 48 of particular interest (POI -POI) 44-47. 如果手指49以一种在下面指向所述显示装置的右边缘50的运动接近该显示装置43,那么所述兴趣点就依赖于离所述右边缘50的下端部的间距在其面积大小方面进行缩放。 If the finger 49 in a point below the right edge of the display device 50 moving close to the display device 43, then it depends on the point of interest in terms of the area size from the pitch of the lower end portion of the right edge 50 of the scaling. 为了达到更好的可操纵性, 一些点46、 47相对于其原始位置稍许移动。 In order to achieve better maneuverability, several points 46, 47 move slightly from its original position. 在所述地图视图48的左边区段51中,还总是为视觉上的信息传送对该布局进行调整。 48 is a view in section of the map on the left 51, further transmission of information is always adjusted to the visual layout. 图4A到4D示出了信息在显示装置59上的不同显示图55-58。 4A to 4D illustrate the different information displayed on the display device of FIG. 55-58 59. 除了要相应地要操纵其中一个操纵元素61的手指60,在所述显示装置59上以圆形绘出了所谓的操纵焦点区62。 Accordingly, to be manipulated in addition to manipulating a finger 60 wherein the element 61, on the display device 59 in a circular depicts a so-called focus region 62 of the manipulation. 所述操纵元素61依赖于其相对于所述操纵焦点区62的位置63 (中心)的位置及与所述操纵焦点区62的面状重叠区进行了缩放。 The actuating element 61 depending on a place position 63 (center) thereof with respect to the focal region 62 and actuating been scaled with the focal zone of the actuating surface 62 is shaped overlapping region. 缩放的整个大小可以取决于行驶状况。 Scaling the overall size may depend on the driving situation. 如果汽车比如在不平的路面上高速行驶,那么所述操纵元素就必须比在平坦的路面上低速行驶时放得更大。 For example if the car at high speed on an uneven road surface, then the actuating element must _ is greater than the low-speed driving on a flat road. 所述操纵焦点区62仅仅虚拟地存在并且通常不在所述显示装置59上显示出来。 The focal region 62 actuating only virtually exists and is not normally displayed on the display device 59. 所述操纵焦点区62 在此仅为说明需要而示出。 Actuating the focal region 62 described herein need only be shown. 图5A到5D示出,所述操纵焦点区70在手指71接近所述显示装置72时如何变化以及这个操纵焦点区70在一种优选的实施方式中如何影响所述操纵元素的缩放。 5A to 5D show, the actuating finger 71 in the focus region 70 proximate to the display device 72 and changes how to manipulate the focus region 70 affect scaling the actuating element in a preferred embodiment. 显示装置72的在图5A到5D中示出的视图73分别示出了具有兴趣点81-86的导航地图,所述兴趣点81-86是操纵元素。 The display device 72 in FIGS. 5A to 5D are views respectively illustrating 73 shows a navigation map with points of interest 81-86, 81-86 is the point of interest of the actuating element. 在图5A中选择了触觉布局,在该触觉布局中处于操纵焦点区70中的兴趣点61-65显示得大于处于该操纵焦点区70之外的兴趣点86。 Selected in FIG. 5A tactile layout, points of interest in the manipulation of 61-6570 focal region in the tactile display layout point of interest 86 is larger than the outside of the focal region 70 of the manipulation. 按图5A的视图73相应于进行操纵的手还远离所述显示装置72的显示图。 73 a view according to FIG. 5A manipulating hand corresponding to the further away from the display device 72 of FIG. 因此,在图5A中还没有显示出手指。 Thus, the finger has not shown in FIG. 5A. 在手指71接近时,所述操纵焦点区70的半径74缩小,从而所述操纵焦点区70在图5B中显示得较小。 When the finger 71 approaching the radius of the focal region 70 of the manipulator 74 narrow, thereby actuating the focus region 70 is shown smaller in Figure 5B. 处于操纵焦点区70的位置75 (中心)附近的操纵元素82、 83放得最大。 Actuating position at the focal region 70 near the actuating element (center) 7582, 83 have the maximum release. 但是,所述兴趣点86相对于其在图5A中的显示放得更大一些。 However, the point of interest 86 relative to its FIG. 5A _ is taking a larger display. 在手指71进一步接近时就对该手指71的运动方向进行分析,从而稍许移动所述操纵焦点区70的位置75。 Analysis on the motion direction of the finger for 71 closer to the finger 71, thereby slightly moving the position of the focal region 70 of the manipulator 75. 因此,在图5C中所述兴趣点82放得比现在更加远离所述操纵焦点区70的中心位置75 的点83大。 Thus, in FIG. 5C than the point of interest 82 is now placed further away from the central region of the actuating focal point 83 position 70 75 is large. 在图5D中示出这样的状况,在该状况中手指71处于激活区域中,该激活区域相对于所述操纵元素的显示图来确定。 In FIG. 5D shows such a situation, in which the finger 71 is in an active condition region, the active region is determined with respect to showing the actuating element. 在构造为触摸屏的交互式操纵装置中,所述激活区域通常是图形显示的面。 In an interactive operating device is configured as a touch screen, the surface of the active region is typically a graphical display. 在具有以非接触方式工作的传感器的操纵装置上,所述激活区域可以是一个空间区域,该区域优选以一个较小的间距固定在所述操纵元素的图形显示图的前面或者紧邻该图形显示图来确定。 On the actuating device has a sensor operating in a non-contact manner, the active region may be a region of space, the pattern region is preferably secured in a small distance to the front of the display of FIG actuating element or proximate to the graphic display Figure determined.如果身体部位这里是手指71处于所述激活区域中,那么对应于该操纵元素的操纵动作就被激活。图6A示出了显示装置150的示意图,在该显示装置150上布置了操纵元素151,这些操纵元素151分为两个组152、 153。在第一组152 中布置了所属的作为列表的操纵元素151。在第二组中布置了作为数字区的操纵元素151。在图6A中,所述两个组152、 153的操纵元素151 在所述显示装置150上仅仅占据微小的表面。表面的大部分可以用来显示其它信息(未示出)。如果手指155接近所述显示装置150,那就放大示出在所述两个组152、 153中的一个组中的操纵元素151。如果检测到用于所述构造为列表的笫一組152的操纵元素151中的一个操纵元素的操纵意图,那就如在图6B中示出的一样放大示出该列表。如果所述手指155更接近所述构造为数字区的第二组153操纵元素151,那就如在图6C中示出的一样放大示出这些操纵元素。在结合图5A到5D所说明的实施方式中所述操纵元素的中心优选没有在所述显示装置上移动,而在这里结合图6A-6C所说明的实施方式中所述操纵元素的位置则明显改变。借助于图7A和7B来说明,可以如何有利地充分利用检测得到的操纵意图来从列表中选出操纵元素。图7A在显示装置170上示出了水平的操纵元素161-169列表160。如果检测到操纵意图,那就为所述列表160的操纵元素中的一个操纵元素165分配一个焦点。在这种情况下,为用数字"5"表示的操纵元素165分配了所述焦点。这一事实通过所述操纵元素165被放大示出这一方式而变得十分清楚。通常,将所述焦点分配给所述列表160的在所述显示装置170的中心示出的操纵元素。作为替代方案,所述焦点也可以分配给在边缘示出的操纵元素。所述焦点可以"移动",方法是使用者将其手指171移到所述显示装置170的边缘处。在图7A中,手指171处于所述显示装置170的右缘处172。由此在一种实施方式中可以将所述焦点向右移动。作为替代方案优选所述焦点留在所述显示装置170的中心处并且所述操纵元素161-169相对于所述焦点进行移动。也就是说,操纵区如借助于箭头173所表示的一样向左移动。这意味着,作为下一个操纵区为具有数字"6"的操纵区166分配所述焦点,其中所述操纵区166 在此在所述显示装置170的中心处放大示出。在这两种实施方式中,所述焦点滚动或浏览经过所述操纵元素的列表。这一过程因手指171移到所述显示装置170的中心上方而结束。随后可以操纵被分配了所述焦点的操纵元素,用于触发所属的操纵动作。滚动或浏览速度可以依赖于手指171的位置而变化。也就是说, 手指越是远离中心,滚动/浏览速度就越快。浏览/滚动方向可以与手指移动的方向相同或相反。此外在列表中可以规定,该列表被视为无限的。这意味着,第一个列表元素重新连接到最后的列表元素上。图7B示出了显示装置180,在该显示装置180上示出了操纵元素181-186的列表。如果手指187接近所述显示装置180,那就为所述操纵元素181-186中的一个操纵元素分配一个焦点。被分配了焦点的操纵元素183为进行最佳的操纵而放大示出。手指187处于所述显示装置180的下边缘188处。由此如借助于箭头189所表示的一样使所述操纵元素181-186 "经过焦点,,向上移动。如果手指187移到所述显示装置180的中心处,就停止浏览过程。处于焦点中的操纵元素可以最佳地进行操纵。如果手指187移到处于所述焦点和所述显示装置180的上边缘190之间的位置中,那么所述操纵元素181-186就向下移动。由此可以朝两个方向进行浏览。所述焦点不必固定地保持在所述显示装置上的一个位置上。更确切地说,所述焦点可以随被配设了焦点的操纵元素一起移动。如果这个操纵元素比所述列表的接下来的操纵元素更加远离所述焦点的预先规定的额定位置,那么该焦点就跳到这个接下来的操纵元素上。其它实施方式可以规定,放大示出多个操纵元素。比如可以设置一个主焦点和两个次焦点。分配给次焦点的操纵元素比如被放大,但是比分配给主焦点的操纵元素显示得稍许小一些。在一种实施方式中可以规定,如果使用者的身体部位比如手指没有变化地保持预先给定的停留持续时间而没有调整所显示出来的信息,那就操纵一个操纵元素,在此对于该操纵元素检测出最高的操纵可能性(比如处于固定的焦点中或者处于所述操纵焦点区的中心处的操纵元素)。这一点尤其也适用,如果手指没有处于所述操纵元素的真正的激活区域中。由此可以实现操纵元素的在一定程度上无操纵的操作过程。图8示意示出了汽车101中的交互式操纵装置100的一种实施方式。该操纵装置100包括显示装置102,在该显示装置102上可以以视觉布局和触觉布局显示信息。在所述操纵装置100中集成了接收传感器104,所述接收传感器104可以无接触地接收通过使用者的身体106、 108传输的高频信号,所述高频信号借助于布置在所述身体106、 108 附近 信号发送器IIO、 112输入到身体中。所述信号发送器IIO、 112 与信号发送器单元113相连接,而该信号发送器单元113则又与汽车总线系统126相连接。所述信号发送器单元113可以与在狭义上已经是传感器单元的接收传感器104 —起也被视为传感器系统或者说传感器单元。此外,所述交互式操纵装置100包括控制单元120,该控制单元120则包括显示模块122。所述显示模块122在所述显示装置102上准备有待显示的信息。尤其所述显示模块122使信息与视觉的或触觉的布局相匹配。此外,所述交互式操纵装置100包括接收单元124,该接收单元124比如通过所述汽车总线系统126接收比如可以构造为照相机系统130或构造为超声传感器系统132的传感器单元的信息。此外,所述接收单元124通过所述汽车总线系统126接收关于汽车101 的行驶状态的信息。借助于所接收到的包括关于行驶状态的信息的传感器信息,由分析模块128检测使用者106或108的操纵意图。依赖于所检测到的操纵意图,所述显示模块122改变在所述显示装置102上显示的信息。优选如此设计所述分析模块128,从而检测操纵焦点区并且对于各个操纵元素检测操纵可能性。此外,所述控制单元包括激活模块134,该激活模块134在身体部位比如手指处于相对于所述操纵元素在所述显示装置102上的显示确定的激活区域中时触发或者说激活操纵动作。在这过程中可以通过所述汽车总线来传输信号,所述信号影响汽车101的其它控制仪器。所述控制单元120和各个所包括的模块122、 128、 134不仅可以以硬件形式而且以软件形式来构成。所述显示装置可以构造为投影显示器,在该投影显示器中所显示的信息投影在一个表面上。在一种这样的情况下,所述身体部位相对于这个表面的间距或者说运动或者说投向这个表面的目光等十分重要。在通过人体传输高频信号的传感器单元中,处于大约80kHz到150kHz的范围内的频率证实特别合适。但是,所述传感器单元也可以在处于这个所说明的频率范围之外的频率上运行。除了由于通过人体传输高频信号而探测到身体部位的传感器单元之外或者作为该传感器单元的替代方案,可以使用其它以非接触的方式起作用的传感器单元,比如基于超声的传感器单元或者也可以使用那些使用光学方法的传感器单元。这样的传感器单元比如可以按照以下原理来设计。发送-LED (发光二极管)发射一种处于可见的或者红外的波长范围内的矩形的调幅的光信号。在目标上被反射的光信号被光电二极管探测到。由补偿-LED将相偏移了180。的同样矩形的调幅的基准光信号经过不变的光程发送给所述光电二极管。通过调节回路借助于调节信号对所述补偿-LED进行调整,使得所述发送-LED的所接收的反射的光信号与所述补偿-LED的所接收的基准光信号在所述光电二极管上抵消并且探测到一个等信号。所述调节信号的变化是用于目标的间距的尺度。根据这种原理来设计的传感器单元在很大程度上不依赖于温度波动和亮度波动。优选如此设计至少一个传感器单元或多个传感器单元,使得其可以(必要时通过共同作用)识别出身体部位的面积伸展。由此可以探测到用身体部位比如手执行的姿势并且解释为操纵意图。那些仅仅依赖于身体部位的姿态尤其手的姿态的姿势则被称为固定的或者静态的姿势。如在图9中示出的平坦地保持在所述显示装置前面的手140可以比如解释为停止信号,该停止信号使浏览过程停止或者在预先给定的时间间隔内阻止所示出的信息的任何调整。图10和11示范性地示出了其它简单的分别用左手140执行的静态的姿势。如果可以分开地分解手的多个组成部分,那么也可以如示范性地在图12到17中示出的识别出不同的固定的姿势并加以应用。如果将身体部位在特定的空间区域中的运动与预先给定的轨迹进行比较,那就识别出动态的姿势。在二维平面中的轨迹的例子示范性地在图18中示出,并且用于在三维空间中的轨迹的例子示范性地在图19中示出。用于动态的姿势的例子在图20到27中示出。按图20的姿势包括水平而平坦地伸展的手140的向上运动,按图21的姿势则相应地包括手140的向下运动。在图22到25中,姿势通过垂直而平坦地张开的手离开所述显示装置的运动执行(图22)或者说通过朝向所述显示装置的运动执行(图23)以及通过向左的运动执行(图24)或者通过向右的运动执行(图25)。身体部位的接近速度和/或离开速度可以相应地同样得到解释和应用。图26和27示出了借助于将手140沿着所伸开的手的逆时针或者说顺时针方向围绕着其纵轴线进行旋转执行的姿势。所述姿势也可以相应地包括两种相反的运动方向。在对轨迹进行分析时,除了所经过的确定运动的空间点之外也可以考虑执行所述运动的速度。如果可以分开地分解手的多个组成部分并且/或者探测其相对速度,那么也可以对综合的姿势或者手势以及运动过程比如平坦的手的手指的展开和合拢或者手指捏成拳头(图28)和拳头的打开(图29) 进行分析并且相应地加以考虑。在图30和31中示范性地示出了其它综合的姿势,在这些姿势中相应的姿势的执行包括手指142的并拢(Einklappen)(图30 )和手指142的伸展(图31)。在图32中示出了一种综合的姿势,在该姿势中,手140的重心作为手指142的并拢的补充执行一种向右的运动。在图33中,示范性地示出的综合的姿势包括原来垂直定向的平坦地舒展的手140的握紧和该手同时执行的向右旋转大约90°。所示出的姿势仅仅是示范性的姿势。可以为各个姿势分配不同的操纵意图,所述操纵意图引起所示出的信息的相应的调整。优选所述交互式操纵装置可在学习模式中运行,并且从而能够学到由不同的人员作出的具有个性化特征的特定的姿势。比如可以要求驾驶员执行特定的姿势。借助于在执行过程中检测的测量数据,可以学习姿势的个性化特征。优选针对人员进行学习。甚至可以通过姿势的特征或者通过比如在汽车钥匙中编码的使用者或驾驶员识别程序进行人员识别。如此设计一些实施方式,从而将驾驶员的姿势与副驾驶员的姿势区分开来。如果将所述交互式操纵装置布置在汽车的副仪表板上,那么可以依据是用右手还是用左手来执行姿势来将驾驶员的姿势与副驾驶员的姿势区分开来,其中假设驾驶员和副驾驶员分别用最靠近副仪表板的手来进行操纵。一些传感器单元能够比如借助于通过驾驶员和副驾驶员的身体传输不同的高频信号的方式来区分驾驶员和副驾驶员,所述高频信号由所述传感器单元用于探测身体部位的位置,在这样的传感器单元上,可以借助于传感器单元的信息来区分副驾驶员和驾驶员的姿势。如果可以进行区分,那就可以为同一个姿势分配不同的操纵意图或者用于驾驶员及副驾驶员的不同的显示功能或调整功能。

Claims (33)

1.用于运行尤其汽车(101)中的交互式操纵装置(100)的方法,所述交互式操纵装置(100)具有显示装置(35;43;59;72;102;150;170;180)以及在该显示装置(35;43;59;72;102;150;170;180)上显示的和/或可以显示的、包括操纵元素(33;61;151;161-169;181-186)的信息,该方法包括以下步骤: a)检测对于在显示装置(35;43;59;72;102;150;170;180)上显示的操纵元素(33;61;151;161-169;181-186)中的至少一个操纵元素的操纵意图, b)依赖于所检测到的操纵意图对在所述显示装置(35;43;59;72;102;150;170;180)上显示的信息进行调整,从而优化地为所述至少一个操纵元素(33;61;151;161-169;181-186)的激活显示出所述至少一个操纵元素(33;61;151;161-169;181-186)。 1. A method for operating an automobile interactive manipulation means (100) (101), said interactive manipulation means (100) having a display means (35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 180 ) and the display device (35; and / or may be displayed, including the actuating element (33 displayed on 180);; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-18643; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170 ) information, the method comprising the steps of: a) detection for a display device (35; actuating element (33 on the display 180);; 61; 151; 161-16943; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 181-186) actuating at least one actuating element is intended, b) depending on the detected manipulation intended to the display device (35; 180 displayed) on; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170 information is adjusted to optimize for the at least one actuating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186) showed activation of the at least one actuating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186).
2. 按权利要求l所述的方法,其特征在于,为检测所述对于在所述显示装置(35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 180)上显示的操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186)中的至少一个操纵元素的操纵意图探测使用者的身体部位(36)是否处于激活区域内,该激活区域在空间上相对于所述操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186)中的至少一个操纵元素在所述显示装置(35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 180)上的显示区确定。 2. The method as recited in claim l, characterized in that, to detect the said display means (35; 18 043; 59; 72; 102; 150;; 170) of the actuating element (33 on the display; 61; 151; 161-169; at least a part of the body intended to manipulate the actuating element in the 181-186) detecting a user (36) is in the active region, the active region in space relative to the actuating element (33 ; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186 in) at least one actuating element of the display device (35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 180 determines the display region); 170.
3. 按权利要求1或2所述的方法,其特征在于,在时间上在激活操纵动作之前检测对于所述至少一个操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186)的操纵意图。 3. The method according to claim 12, wherein, in the detection time for the at least one actuating element (33181-186; 61; 151;; 161-169) prior to activating the manipulation of the operation manipulating intention.
4. 按权利要求1到3中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,重复地或者连续地检测操纵意图并且相应地对所显示的信息进行调整。 4. The method according to any one of claim 1 to 3, characterized in that repeated manipulation or continuously detecting and accordingly intended to adjust the displayed information.
5. 按权利要求2到4中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,为检测操纵意图使用相关信息,所述相关信息包括关于身体动作的信息,尤其是关于身体部位(36)的运动方向的信息以及/或者关于使用者的观察方向的信息。 5. A method according to any one of claim 2 to 4, characterized in that the information used to detect the operation intention, the related information includes information regarding body movement, especially on movement of the body part (36) direction information and / or information about the user's viewing direction.
6. 按权利要求5所述的方法,其特征在于,借助于所述信息来检测所述身体部位(36)与所述操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186) 的显示图的间距并且依赖于这个间距来缩放所述操纵元素(33; 61;151; 161-169; 181-186)。 6. The method as recited in claim 5, wherein said information detecting means of the body part (36) and the actuating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186) of showing the pitch and spacing depend on the scale of the actuating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186).
7. 按前述权利要求中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,至少部分地借助于照相机系统(130)和/或超声传感器系统来探测所述使用者信息。 7. The method according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that, at least in part by means of a camera system (130) and / or an ultrasonic sensor system to detect the user information.
8. 按前述权利要求中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,为检测操纵意图使用相关信息,所述相关信息包括关于行驶状况的环境信息, 在调整优化地显示的信息时对所述环境信息加以考虑。 8. according to the preceding claims according to a method, wherein the information used to detect the operation intention, the related information includes information regarding the driving conditions of the environment, the adjustment information displayed on the optimization environmental information to be considered.
9. 按前述权利要求中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,在检测操纵意图时检测所述操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186)的操纵可能性,并且必要时检测其它操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186)的其它操纵可能性,并且对所显示的信息进行调整,从而根据其操纵可能性优化地为相应所属的操纵动作的激活或其它操纵动作的激活来进行显示。 9. The method according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the actuating element is detected when detecting the operation intention (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186) of manipulation possibilities, and when necessary, the detection of other actuating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186) the possibility of other manipulators, and the displayed information is adjusted according to its manipulation possibilities to optimize for the appropriate actuating action belongs other activation or activating a manipulation action for display.
10. 按前述权利要求中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,在调整在所述显示装置上显示出来的信息时,改变所述操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186)的透明度、大小、与相邻的其它操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186)的间距和/或所述操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186)或多个操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186) 的动画。 10. The method of any preceding claim preceding claim, wherein, in the adjustment at the time information displayed on said display means, changing the actuating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181 -186) transparency, size, and other actuating elements (adjacent 33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186 pitch) and / or the actuating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; animation 181-186); and 181-186), or a plurality of actuating elements (33; 61; 151; 161-169.
11. 按前述权利要求中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,在检测所述操纵意图时识别出由身体部位执行的姿势并对其进行分析,其中根据对应于相应的识别的姿势的调整函数来对显示的信息进行调整。 11. A method according to any of the preceding claims, wherein said recognition when detecting an operation intention of the gesture performed by the body part and analyzed, wherein according to the posture corresponding to the respective identified adjustment function to adjust the displayed information.
12. 按前述权利要求中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述姿势包括至少一种静态的姿势,其借助于预先定义的身体姿态来识别。 12. The method of any of the preceding claims preceding claim, wherein the gesture comprises at least one static posture, the body posture by means of pre-defined to identify.
13. 按前述权利要求中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述姿势包括至少一种动态的姿势,其借助于预先定义的由身体部位所经过的轨迹来i只别。 13. The method according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the gesture comprises at least one dynamic position, after which the body part by means of a pre-defined trajectory to not only i.
14. 按前述权利要求中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述姿势包括至少一种综合的姿势,所述综合的姿势借助于预先定义的静态的姿势和/或经过预先定义的轨迹的静态的姿势的相互转变来识别。 14. The method according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the gesture comprises at least one integrated posture, the posture by means of a pre-defined integrated static posture and / or after a pre-defined mutual transformation of static posture trajectories are identified.
15. 按前述权利要求中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,只要没有检测出操纵意图,就为对视觉的信息传送来说优化的显示对在所述显示装置上显示的信息进行调整。 15. The method according to any one of the preceding claims claim, characterized in that, as long as the manipulation intention is not detected, it is transmitted as the information for visual display of the optimization information displayed on the display device is adjusted .
16. 尤其汽车(101)中的交互式操纵装置(100),包括显示装置(35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 180)和控制装置(120),在所述显示装置(35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 180)上可以显示和/或显示包含操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186)的信息,构造所述控制装置(120),从而在检测到对于在显示装置(35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 180)上显示的操纵元素中的至少一个操纵元素的操纵意图时依赖于检测到的操纵意图对在所述显示装置(35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 180)上显示的信息进行调整,从而优化地为所述操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186)的激活显示所述操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186)中的至少一个操纵元素。 16. In particular, automobile interactive manipulation means (101) (100) comprising a display means (35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 180) and control means (120), said display means ( 35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 180 and may be displayed) / or display comprising actuating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186) of information, said configuration control means ( 120) so that detected for the display device (35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; is manipulated intended to at least one actuating element of the actuating element on the display 180) is dependent on the detected manipulation intention of means (35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 180) displayed on the information display is adjusted to optimize for the actuating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181 -186) displaying the activation of the actuating element (33; 61; 151; at least one manipulator elements 181-186); 161-169.
17. 按权利要求16所述的装置,其特征在于,设置了至少一个传感器装置,其用于在激活区域内检测使用者的身体部位(36),用于检测对于所述在显示装置(35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 180)上显示的操纵元素中的至少一个操纵元素的操纵意图,其中该激活区域在空间上相对于所述操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186)中的至少一个操纵元素在显示装置(35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 180)上的显示区确定。 17. The apparatus according to claim 16, wherein the at least one sensor device is provided, in the active region for detecting the user's body part (36), for detecting for the display device (35 ; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; at least one actuating element of the actuating element intended to manipulate the display 180), wherein the active region in space relative to the actuating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186 in) the at least one actuating element on the display device (35; 150;; 170; 180 of the display region) is determined 43; 59; 72; 102.
18. 按权利要求16或17所述的装置,其特征在于,构造所述控制装置(120),从而可以重复地或连续地检测操纵意图并且对所显示的信息进行相应的调整。 18. The apparatus of claim 16 or claim 17, wherein said configuration control means (120), so that may be repeatedly or continuously detect and manipulate information intended to be displayed accordingly.
19. 按权利要求17或18所述的装置,其特征在于,所述传感器信息包括关于使用者的身体动作的信息。 19. The apparatus of claim 17 or claim 18, wherein the sensor information includes information about an operation of the user's body.
20. 按权利要求16到19中任一项所述的装置,其特征在于,至少部分地借助于照相机系统和/或超声传感器系统可以探测和/或探测所述使用者信息。 20. The apparatus of one of claims 16 to 19 according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that, at least partly by means of the camera system and / or an ultrasonic sensor system may detect and / or detecting the user information.
21. 按权利要求17到20中任一项所述的装置,其特征在于,所述传感器信息包括关于使用者的观察方向的信息和/或关于使用者的身体部位(36)的运动方向的信息。 21. The apparatus 17-1 according to any of claim 20, wherein the sensor information includes information about the user's viewing direction and / or direction of movement of a user on a body part (36) of information.
22. 按权利要求17到21中任一项所述的装置,其特征在于,构造所述控制装置(120),从而借助于所述传感器信息可以检测和/或检测使用者的身体部位(36)的运动方向和/或使用者的观察方向。 22. The apparatus 17-1 according to any of claim 21, wherein said configuration control means (120), so that by means of the sensor information can be detected and / or body parts of the user is detected (36 ) moving direction and the observation direction / or the user.
23. 按权利要求16到22中任一项所述的装置,其特征在于,构造所述控制装置(120),从而在对优化显示的信息进行调整时可以考虑和/或考虑关于行驶状况的环境信息。 23. The apparatus 16-1 according to any of claim 22, wherein said configuration control means (120), so that when information is adjusted to optimize the display may be considered and / or considerations regarding the driving condition environmental information.
24. 按权利要求16到23中任一项所述的装置,其特征在于,在检测到操纵意图时,可以检测和/或检测所述操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186)的操纵可能性以及必要时其它操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186)的其它操纵可能性,并且对所显示的信息进行调整,从而根据其操纵可能性优化地为相应所属的操纵动作的激活或其它操纵动作的激活进行显示。 24. A device according to any of 16 to 23 claim, wherein, upon detecting the manipulation intention can be detected and / or detection of the actuating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181 -186) and optionally a further possibility of actuating the actuating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186) the possibility of other manipulators, and the displayed information is adjusted so that according to its manipulation possibilities to optimize to display the corresponding activation or other manipulation action activates a manipulation action belongs.
25. 按权利要求17到24中任一项所述的装置,其特征在于,构造所述控制装置(120),从而借助于所述传感器信息可以检测和/或检测身体部位(36)与所述操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186) 的显示的间距,并且所述操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186) 依赖于这个间距可以缩放和/或进4亍缩放。 17 to 24 25. The apparatus according to any one of claim 16, wherein said configuration control means (120), so that by means of the sensor information can be detected and / or detection of a body part (36) and the said actuating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186) of the pitch of the display, and the actuating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186) depend on the pitch can be scaled and / 4 into the right foot or scaling.
26. 按权利要求16到25中任一项所述的装置,其特征在于,在调整时可以改变和/或改变所述操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186) 或多个操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186)的透明度、与相邻的其它操纵元素(33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186)的间距和/或动画。 26. the apparatus according to any one of claim 16 25, characterized in that the adjustment may vary and / or change of the actuating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186) or a plurality of actuating elements (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186) the transparency, and the other actuating element (33; 61; 151; 161-169; 181-186) of adjacent spacing and / or animations .
27. 按权利要求16到26中任一项所述的装置,其特征在于,只要不能和/或没有检测到操纵意图,就为对视觉上的信息传送来说优化的显示对在显示装置(35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 180)上显示的信息进行调整。 27. The display device of claims 16 to 26 according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that, as long as the can and / or does not detect the manipulation intention is to transfer visual information for the optimization of the display device ( 35; 43; 59; 72; 102; 150; 170; 180 displayed on the information) can be adjusted.
28. 按权利要求17到27中任一项所述的装置,其特征在于,构造所述至少一个传感器装置,从而借助于通过使用者的身体传输的高频信号来检测传感器信息,所述传感器信息尤其可以包括身体部位(36)的位置。 28. The apparatus according to any of 17 to claim 27, wherein the at least one sensor device is configured to be detected by means of sensor information transmitted through the high-frequency signal of the body of the user, said sensor in particular, the location information may include a body part (36).
29. 按权利要求17到27中任一项所述的装置,其特征在于,所述至少一个传感器装置是对位置进行分辨的、对触摸敏感的装置。 29. The apparatus of one of claims 17 to 27 according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the at least one sensor means is a position-resolved, a touch-sensitive device.
30. 按权利要求17到29中任一项所述的装置,其特征在于,构造至少一个传感器装置,从而识别由身体部位执行的姿势并对其进行分析,其中可以根据配属给相应识别的姿势的调整函数之一来对所显示的信息进行调整。 30. The apparatus 17-1 according to any of claim 29, wherein the at least one sensor device is configured to identify the gesture performed by the body part and subjected to analysis, which can be assigned according to the respective recognized gesture one adjustment function to adjust the displayed information.
31. 按权利要求30所述的装置,其特征在于,所述姿势包括至少一种静态的姿势,其可以由所述至少一个传感器装置作为预先定义的身体姿态来识别。 31. The apparatus according to claim 30, wherein the gesture comprises at least one static gesture, which may be at least one sensor device is identified by the body as a pre-defined gesture.
32. 按权利要求30或31所述的装置,其特征在于,所述姿势包括至少一种动态的姿势,其可以由所述至少一个传感器装置借助于预先定义的由所述身体部位经过的轨迹来识别。 32. A device according to claim 30 or 31, wherein the gesture comprises at least one dynamic position, by means of which the body part through a pre-defined by the locus of the at least one sensor means be identified.
33. 按权利要求30到32中任一项所述的装置,其特征在于,所述姿势包括至少一种综合的姿势,所述综合的姿势可以由所述至少一个传感器装置借助于预先定义的静态的姿势和/或经过预先定义的轨迹的静态的姿势的相互转变来识别。 33. The apparatus of one of claims 30 to 32 according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the gesture comprises at least one integrated posture, the posture can be integrated by means of pre-defined by the at least one sensor means interconversions static posture and / or after a pre-defined trajectory of the identified static posture.
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