CN101403927B - Sunflower type sun tracking device - Google Patents

Sunflower type sun tracking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101403927B
CN101403927B CN2008102243943A CN200810224394A CN101403927B CN 101403927 B CN101403927 B CN 101403927B CN 2008102243943 A CN2008102243943 A CN 2008102243943A CN 200810224394 A CN200810224394 A CN 200810224394A CN 101403927 B CN101403927 B CN 101403927B
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China
Prior art keywords
vertical transfer
solar panel
horizontal rotating
motor
transfer axle
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2008102243943A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101403927A (en
Inventor
郭一竹
薛广进
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Beijing Jiaotong University
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Publication date
Application filed by Beijing Jiaotong University filed Critical Beijing Jiaotong University
Priority to CN2008102243943A priority Critical patent/CN101403927B/en
Publication of CN101403927A publication Critical patent/CN101403927A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101403927B publication Critical patent/CN101403927B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of solar equipment, in particular relates to a solar tracking unit for a solar panel. A running track of an idler wheel or a sliding block is arranged at the back of the solar panel; a supporting frame of the solar panel is arranged in the center of the back of the solar panel and connected with an upper vertical rotating shaft; a supporting bar that can move vertically is arranged in the upper vertical rotating shaft, and one end of the upper vertical rotating shaft is inserted in the running track of the idler wheel or the sliding block by the idler wheel or the sliding block; an electric motor is respectively arranged in the upper vertical rotating shaft and a lower vertical rotating shaft and respectively drives the supporting bar that can move vertically to move up and down and drives the up vertical rotating shaft to rotate by the transmission of gears, so as to realize the luffing movement and horizontal revolution movement of the unit; a photosensor element is arranged on the solar panel and can control the operation of the electric motor by a control circuit, so as to track the sun. Therefore, the unit of the invention can track the sun in all dimensions and receive the sunlight more effectively; and the unit has the advantages of compact mechanical structure, flexible rotation, good dustproof property, etc.

Description

Sunflower type sun tracking device
Technical field
The invention belongs to the solar facilities scope, particularly a kind of sunflower type sun tracking device.
Background technology
Sun power is compared with conventional energy resources, and its advantage is: it is the human the abundantest utilizable energy; Can develop on the spot, not have transportation problem; Be a kind of energy of cleaning, when development and use, can not produce waste residue, waste water, waste gas, also not have noise, more can not influence the ecologic equilibrium, can never pollute and public hazards.
Yet the energy density of sun power is lower, only when the sunshine vertical irradiation is on solar panel, just can maximal efficiency utilize sun power.The sun tracker of most existing can only realize that folk prescription to the sun is to tracking, and the device kind of existing comprehensive tracking to the sun is less, and structure is complicated, fail aspect structure optimization, to have breakthrough, such Design and Machining complexity, economical inadequately, and seem heavy, flexibility ratio is not enough.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is at the comprehensive follow-up mechanism efficient of the existing sun lowly, baroque shortcoming provides a kind of sunflower type sun tracking device, it is characterized in that, the back side of solar panel 1 is provided with roller or slide block orbit 2; Center, the back side at solar panel 1 is provided with solar panel bracing frame 7, is connected with last vertical transfer axle 4 with bearing 14 by central shaft 13, and solar panel 1 is fixed on the solar panel bracing frame 7; Removable support bar 3, one ends are set in last vertical transfer axle 4 embed roller or slide block orbit 2 by roller or slide block, and can move on roller or slide block orbit 2, the other end stretches in the vertical transfer axle 4, and removable support bar 3 inboards are provided with tooth bar; At last vertical transfer axle 4 middle parts horizontal rotating motor 9 is set, be installed on the horizontal rotating motor mount pad 12, horizontal rotating motor mount pad 12 is fixed on the barrel of vertical transfer axle 4, be connected with the tooth bar engagement of horizontal rotating motor gear 16 and removable support bar 3 inboards on the horizontal rotating motor 9, horizontal rotating motor 9 drives removable support bar 3 in the vertical direction motion by horizontal rotating motor gear 16, realizes the luffing of solar panel 1; At last vertical transfer axle 4 bottom inner tube walls gear ring 10 is set, fixedlys connected with last vertical transfer axle 4; At following vertical transfer axle 5 internal upper parts vertical transfer motor 8 is set, be installed on the vertical transfer motor mount 15, vertical transfer motor mount 15 is fixed on the barrel of following vertical transfer axle 5, be connected with vertical transfer motor gear 11 on the vertical transfer motor 8, with gear ring 10 engagements, vertically motor 8 passes through 10 rotations of vertical motor gear 11 drive gear rings, goes up vertical transfer axle 4 around himself central axis rotation thereby drive, and the realization level is circumferentially rotated; Following vertical transfer axle 5 is fixedly installed on the base 6.
The central axes of the rotating shaft of described vertical transfer motor 8 and last vertical transfer axle 4, the rotating shaft of horizontal rotating motor 9 is vertical with removable support bar 3.
Described roller or slide block orbit 2 are embedded track.
Tooth bar on the described removable support bar 3 only with the scope of horizontal rotating motor gearing mesh part in tooth is arranged.
Described solar panel 1 is provided with light activated element, controls motor work to realize the tracking to the sun by the perception sunlight intensity.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: realized the comprehensive tracking to the sun, can accept sunshine more effectively, improved work efficiency; Physical construction is concentrated, and advantages of simple, level turn to and vertically turn to does not mutually disturb the flexibility ratio height; Anti-dust performance is good, has improved the job stability and the serviceable life of device; Cost is low, and is practical.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of device of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is vertical transfer axle inner structure synoptic diagram under the present invention;
Fig. 3 is vertical transfer axle inner structure synoptic diagram in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a drive unit inner body structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is roller of the present invention or slide block orbit and removable supporting bar structure synoptic diagram.
Number in the figure:
The 1-solar panel; 2-roller or slide block orbit; The removable support bar of 3-; The last vertical transfer axle of 4-;
Vertical transfer axle under the 5-; The 6-base; 7-solar panel bracing frame; 8-vertical transfer motor; The horizontal rotating motor of 9-; ,
The 10-gear ring; 11-vertical transfer motor gear; The horizontal rotating motor mount pad of 12-; The 13-central shaft; The 14-bearing;
15-vertical transfer motor mount; The horizontal rotating motor gear of 16-.
Embodiment
The invention provides a kind of sunflower type sun tracking device, the invention will be further described below in conjunction with description of drawings and embodiment:
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of device of the present invention, and Fig. 2 is vertical transfer axle inner structure synoptic diagram under the present invention, and Fig. 3 is vertical transfer axle inner structure synoptic diagram in the present invention, and Fig. 4 is a drive unit inner body structural representation of the present invention.
The back side of solar panel 1 is provided with roller or slide block orbit 2; Center, the back side at solar panel 1 is provided with solar panel bracing frame 7, is connected with last vertical transfer axle 4 with bearing 14 by central shaft 13, and solar panel 1 is fixed on the solar panel bracing frame 7.
Removable support bar 3 is set in last vertical transfer axle 4, one end embeds roller or slide block orbit 2 by roller or slide block, and can on roller or slide block orbit 2, move, Fig. 5 is roller of the present invention or slide block orbit and removable supporting bar structure synoptic diagram, the other end of removable support bar 3 stretches in the vertical transfer axle 4, and the part of removable support bar 3 inboard and horizontal rotating motor gear 16 engagements has tooth.
At last vertical transfer axle 4 middle parts horizontal rotating motor 9 is set, be installed on the horizontal rotating motor mount pad 12, the rotating shaft of horizontal rotating motor 9 is vertical with removable support bar 3, horizontal rotating motor mount pad 12 is fixed on the barrel of vertical transfer axle 4, be connected with the tooth bar engagement of horizontal rotating motor gear 16 and removable support bar 3 inboards on the horizontal rotating motor 9, horizontal rotating motor 9 drives removable support bar 3 in the vertical direction motion by horizontal rotating motor gear 16, realizes the luffing of solar panel 1.
At last vertical transfer axle 4 bottom inner tube walls gear ring 10 is set, fixedlys connected with last vertical transfer axle 4; At following vertical transfer axle 5 internal upper parts vertical transfer motor 8 is set, be installed on the vertical transfer motor mount 15, vertical transfer motor mount 15 is fixed on the barrel of following vertical transfer axle 5, the central axes of the rotating shaft of vertical transfer motor 8 and last vertical transfer axle 4, be connected with vertical transfer motor gear 11 on the vertical transfer motor 8, with gear ring 10 engagements, vertically motor 8 drives gear ring 10 rotations by vertical motor gear 11, thereby vertical transfer axle 4 is around himself central axis rotation in the driving, and the realization level is circumferentially rotated.
Following vertical transfer axle 5 is fixedly installed on the base 6.
Solar panel 1 is provided with light activated element, is used for responding to the position of the sun, and transfers to control chip data are handled, and then controls vertical transfer motor 4 and 5 work of horizontal commentaries on classics motor respectively, to realize comprehensive, the tracking quickly and accurately to the sun.
Device of the present invention can make sunshine always vertically impinge upon on the solar panel, reaches the most effective utilization to the sun power on the unit area; The pitching mechanical mechanism is little apart from the rotation axis distance of cell panel, therefore can realize the significantly luffing of actuation movement drive solar panel by a small margin, has reduced the volume of device of the present invention; Physical construction is concentrated, and advantages of simple, level turn to and vertically turn to does not mutually disturb the flexibility ratio height; Anti-dust performance is good, has improved the job stability and the serviceable life of device; Cost is low, and is practical.

Claims (5)

1. sunflower type sun tracking device is characterized in that, the back side of solar panel (1) is provided with roller or slide block orbit (2); Be provided with solar panel bracing frame (7) at the center, the back side of solar panel (1), be connected with last vertical transfer axle (4) with bearing (14) by central shaft (13), solar panel (1) is fixed on the solar panel bracing frame (7); Removable support bar (3) is set in last vertical transfer axle (4), one end embeds roller or slide block orbit (2) by roller or slide block, and can upward move at roller or slide block orbit (2), the other end stretches in the vertical transfer axle (4), and removable support bar (3) inboard is provided with tooth bar; At last vertical transfer axle (4) middle part horizontal rotating motor (9) is set, be installed on the horizontal rotating motor mount pad (12), horizontal rotating motor mount pad (12) is fixed on the barrel of vertical transfer axle (4), be connected with horizontal rotating motor gear (16) and the inboard tooth bar engagement of removable support bar (3) on the horizontal rotating motor (9), horizontal rotating motor (9) drives removable support bar (3) in the vertical direction motion by horizontal rotating motor gear (16), realizes the luffing of solar panel (1); Inner tube wall is provided with gear ring (10) in last vertical transfer axle (4) bottom, fixedlys connected with last vertical transfer axle (4); At following vertical transfer axle (5) internal upper part vertical transfer motor (8) is set, be installed on the vertical transfer motor mount (15), vertical transfer motor mount (15) is fixed on the barrel of following vertical transfer axle (5), be connected with vertical transfer motor gear (11) on the vertical transfer motor (8), mesh with gear ring (10), vertically motor (8) passes through vertical motor gear (11) drive gear ring (10) rotation, goes up vertical transfer axle (4) around himself central axis rotation thereby drive, and the realization level is circumferentially rotated; Following vertical transfer axle (5) is fixedly installed on the base (6).
2. sunflower type sun tracking device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the central axes of the rotating shaft of described vertical transfer motor (8) and last vertical transfer axle (4), and the rotating shaft of horizontal rotating motor (9) is vertical with removable support bar (3).
3. sunflower type sun tracking device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described roller or slide block orbit (2) are embedded track.
4. sunflower type sun tracking device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the tooth bar on the described removable support bar (3) only with the scope of horizontal rotating motor gearing mesh part in tooth is arranged.
5. sunflower type sun tracking device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described solar panel (1) is provided with light activated element, controls machine operation to realize the tracking to the sun by the perception sunlight intensity.
CN2008102243943A 2008-10-23 2008-10-23 Sunflower type sun tracking device Expired - Fee Related CN101403927B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008102243943A CN101403927B (en) 2008-10-23 2008-10-23 Sunflower type sun tracking device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008102243943A CN101403927B (en) 2008-10-23 2008-10-23 Sunflower type sun tracking device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101403927A CN101403927A (en) 2009-04-08
CN101403927B true CN101403927B (en) 2010-11-10

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2008102243943A Expired - Fee Related CN101403927B (en) 2008-10-23 2008-10-23 Sunflower type sun tracking device

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Families Citing this family (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101403926B (en) * 2008-10-23 2010-04-07 北京交通大学 Hydraulic three-rod support type solar tracking apparatus
CN102035435B (en) * 2009-09-29 2013-06-19 北京意科通信技术有限责任公司 Photovoltaic power generation device with two-dimensional photovoltaic sun-positioning mechanism
CN101872197B (en) * 2010-05-18 2012-09-26 浙江大学 Sun tracking and locating device and method based on single camera
CN102545694B (en) * 2011-11-24 2015-06-24 曾令伦 Magnetic fluid power generation device
CN102541078B (en) * 2012-02-17 2013-07-31 黄淮学院 Partial differential type photovoltaic power generation automatic tracking device
CN102629634B (en) * 2012-03-22 2014-07-16 宁波市柯玛士太阳能科技有限公司 Solar cell panel windproof cover
CN103412154B (en) * 2012-09-14 2015-12-09 江苏大学 The test bracket of organic solar batteries sheet
CN105603901A (en) * 2016-02-24 2016-05-25 武汉立德威交通科技有限公司 Solar road guidance sign
CN107816420B (en) * 2017-10-13 2019-02-01 徐州一帆新能源科技有限公司 A kind of sunflower-type exempts from electric power storage solar photovoltaic water pump
CN107593657A (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-01-19 安徽中昆绿色防控科技有限公司 A kind of solar water surface trap lamp
CN109238364A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-01-18 河南工业职业技术学院 A kind of power distribution station automatic checking device and inspection method

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Publication number Publication date
CN101403927A (en) 2009-04-08

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Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 100044 DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, BEIJING JIAOTONG UNIVERSITY, NO. 3, SHANGYUAN VILLAGE, OUTER XIZHIMEN, BEIJING TO: 100082 ROOM 706, TOWER A, ENERGY CONSERVATION BUILDING, NO. 42, XIZHIMEN NORTH STREET, HAIDIAN DISTRICT, BEIJING

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Address after: 100082, room 706, building A, 42 energy saving building, Xizhimen North Avenue, Beijing, Haidian District

Patentee after: CECEP Solar Energy Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 100044 Beijing Xizhimen village on No. 3 Beijing Jiaotong University Department of science and technology

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Address after: 100041, No. 1, building No. 3, West well road, Badachu hi tech park, Beijing, Shijingshan District

Patentee after: Cecep Solar Energy Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 100082, room 706, building A, 42 energy saving building, Xizhimen North Avenue, Beijing, Haidian District

Patentee before: CECEP Solar Energy Technology Co., Ltd.

Address after: 100041, No. 1, building No. 3, West well road, Badachu hi tech park, Beijing, Shijingshan District

Patentee after: Cecep Solar Energy Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 100082, room 706, building A, 42 energy saving building, Xizhimen North Avenue, Beijing, Haidian District

Patentee before: CECEP Solar Energy Technology Co., Ltd.

C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 100041, No. 1, building No. 3, West well road, Badachu hi tech park, Beijing, Shijingshan District

Patentee after: CECEP Solar Energy Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 100041, No. 1, building No. 3, West well road, Badachu hi tech park, Beijing, Shijingshan District

Patentee before: Cecep Solar Energy Technology Co., Ltd.

Address after: 100041, No. 1, building No. 3, West well road, Badachu hi tech park, Beijing, Shijingshan District

Patentee after: CECEP Solar Energy Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 100041, No. 1, building No. 3, West well road, Badachu hi tech park, Beijing, Shijingshan District

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20101110

Termination date: 20191023

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee