CN101403185B - Fabric graft modified full-fixation printing method - Google Patents

Fabric graft modified full-fixation printing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101403185B
CN101403185B CN2008101620862A CN200810162086A CN101403185B CN 101403185 B CN101403185 B CN 101403185B CN 2008101620862 A CN2008101620862 A CN 2008101620862A CN 200810162086 A CN200810162086 A CN 200810162086A CN 101403185 B CN101403185 B CN 101403185B
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China
Prior art keywords
fabric
printing
graft
percent
gram
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2008101620862A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101403185A (en
Inventor
谢孔良
沈红卫
刘宏东
胡传国
侯爱芹
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ZHEJIANG JIAXIN SILK CORP Ltd
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ZHEJIANG JIAXIN SILK CORP Ltd
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Priority to CN2008101620862A priority Critical patent/CN101403185B/en
Publication of CN101403185A publication Critical patent/CN101403185A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101403185B publication Critical patent/CN101403185B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention relates to a whole fixation printing method for the graft modification of textiles, and aims at providing the whole fixation printing method that can promote the dye fixation rate from 70 percent to 80 percent to more than 90 percent to 98 percent. The technical proposal is as follows: 1) the pretreatment of a textile, the textile is treated according to the processes of desizing, boiling, smelting and bleaching; 2) the preparation of the graft modification working fluid, the working fluid comprises 0.1 percent to 10 percent of cationic graft agent, 0.1 percent to 20 percent of alkali agent and 0 percent to 1 percent of penetrating agent, and the rest is water; 3) the treatment of the graft modification, the pretreated textile is put into a dyeing machine, and the graft modification working fluid is added; or the pretreated textile is padded with the graft modification working fluid in a padder; the printing formula of the invention comprises 50 grams of protoplasm, 2 grams to 5 grams of urea, 0.5 gram to 8 grams of dye, 1 gram to 2.5 grams of sodium bicarbonate and 0.5 gram to 1.5 grams of reserve salt, and the rest amount of water in every 100 grams according to weight; and 4) the printing technology, the printing is carried out according to the conventional technology. The whole fixation printing method for the graft modification of the textiles is used in the whole fixation printing.

Description

Fabric graft modified full-fixation printing method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fabric graft modified full-fixation printing method, especially fabric is handled stamp after the water outlet through graft modification, and the dye fixing rate is brought up to more than the 90-98% from 70-80%, reaches the purpose of full-fixation printing.
Background technology
The printing with reactive dye product color is bright-coloured, and is soft, and hydrophilic ventilative, the product top grade is important high-grade ecological printed fabric.Its shortcoming is that the REACTIVE DYES tinctorial yield is not high, the stamp degree of fixation of dyestuff can only reach 70-80%, and the dyestuff about 20-30% can not anchor on the cellulose, and these dyestuffs must be removed by a large amount of washings of soaping, otherwise COLOR FASTNESS does not reach requirement, causes the water consumption of soaping big thus; The washing lotion color is dark simultaneously, the colour saturation height, and the sewage disposal burden is heavy; The dyestuff of washing lotion can be infected with on the fabric again, causes that product color is withered secretly, white background is not white.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is: a kind of fabric graft modified full-fixation printing method is provided, is intended to make fabric to handle stamp after the water outlet through graft modification, the dye fixing rate is brought up to more than the 90-98% from 70-80%, reaches the purpose of full-fixation printing.And making it have the dye utilization rate height, characteristics such as light, that product color is bright-coloured are born in sewage disposal.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is: fabric graft modified full-fixation printing method may further comprise the steps:
1) fabric pretreatment is carried out pre-treatment with fabric by destarch, boiling-off and bleaching process;
2) the graft modification working solution is prepared, and the graft modification working solution is by cation graft agents 0.1-10%, alkaline agent 0.1-20% and infiltration
Agent 0-1%, all the other are that water is formulated;
3) graft modification is handled, and will put in the dyeing machine through the fabric of pre-treatment, adds ready graft modification working solution, 30-90 ℃ of control temperature, and time 60-200 minute, water outlet was to cloth cover pH value 7; Maybe will be through the fabric of pre-treatment at padding machine
In pad ready graft modification working solution, pick-up 100%, 25-40 ℃ of temperature, time 1-12 hour, water outlet was to cloth cover pH value 7;
The stamp prescription of the full-fixation printing method of graft modification of the present invention is magma 50 gram in per 100 gram weight, and urea 2-5 gram, dyestuff 0.5-8 gram, sodium bicarbonate 1-2.5 gram, reserve salt 0.5-1.5 gram, all the other are the weight of water.
4) printing technology, the technology stamp wherein evaporates temperature 98-105 ℃, required time 5-20min routinely.
Cation graft agents of the present invention is:
3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl ammonium chloride
3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl triethyl ammonium chloride
3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl trihydroxyethyl ammonium chloride
The epoxypropyl trimethylammonium chloride ammonium
The glycidyl triethyl ammonium chloride
The glycidyl dimethyl hydroxyethyl ammonium chloride
Glycidyl dimethyl carboxyethyl ammonium chloride
The allyl trimethyl ammonium chloride
Allyl methyl carboxyethyl ammonium chloride
Allyl trihydroxyethyl ammonium chloride
One replaces the s-triazine cationic compound
Two replace the s-triazine cationic compound,
Select in the above-mentioned grafting agent one or both during preparation for use.
Alkaline agent of the present invention is NaOH or sodium carbonate.
Bleeding agent of the present invention is penetrating agent JFC, penetrant t or paregal O, also can be diffusion agent N N0.
The fabric of the full-fixation printing method of graft modification of the present invention is cotton, viscose glue, a kind of fabric in fiber crops, wool, the silk or interweaving or BLENDED FABRIC of two kinds, three kinds fibers wherein.
The magma that the magma of the full-fixation printing method of graft modification of the present invention is the magma that contains sodium alginate 7-10%, contain cluster bean 7-10% a kind of.
The fabric grafting of the full-fixation printing method of graft modification of the present invention is treated to fabric in dyeing machine, add ready grafting working solution, temperature 30-90 ℃, time 60-200 minute, water outlet was to cloth cover pH value 7, or fabric is padded ready grafting working solution in padding machine, pick-up 100%, 25-40 ℃ of temperature, time 1-12 hour, water outlet to cloth cover pH value was a kind of in 7.
The dyeing machine that the fabric grafting of the full-fixation printing method of graft modification of the present invention is handled is a kind of in dye gigging dyeing machine, overflow dyeing machine, the airflow dyeing machine.
1), the full-fixation printing method of graft modification of the present invention the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:, be that fabric carries out modification by cation graft agents to the big molecule of fiber, thereby have a plurality of cation radicals on the big molecule, fiber surface is by the electronegative electropositive of changing into, make the charge repulsion of fiber and anionic dye reduce, improved the affinity of fabric and dyestuff greatly, the dye fixing rate is brought up to more than the 90-98% from 70-80%, finishes the full fixation of REACTIVE DYES on fiber basically; 2, reduce washing and soap, reduce sewage discharge simultaneously, reduce sewage colourity, reach energy-saving and emission-reduction, lower the purpose of sewage disposal burden thereby reduce water consumption; 3, few by the dyestuff of flush away, white background is not easy to by staining, guarantees that the PRINTED FABRIC decorative pattern is meticulous, bright in luster.
The present invention is further described by the following embodiment.
Embodiment 1, fabric are COTTON FABRIC
Modified formula:
Grafting agent is 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl ammonium chloride 0.5%
NaOH 0.1%;
Penetrating agent JFC 0.01%
Modification process:
In the dye gigging dyeing machine, carry out.
The above-mentioned solution for preparing is added in the dyeing machine, and the COTTON FABRIC that pre-treatment is good is put into machine.30 ℃ of treatment temperatures, 200 minutes time.Processing fully is washed to cloth cover pH value 7 with fabric after finishing.
Stamp prescription and technology:
Sodium alginate thickener (containing sodium alginate 7%) 50%
Urea 2-5%
Dyestuff 0.5%
Sodium bicarbonate 1-2.5%
Reserve salt 1.5%
Water is an amount of
Evaporate 105 ℃ of temperature, time 5min.
Embodiment 2, fabric are viscose fabric
Modified formula:
Grafting agent is 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl triethyl ammonium chloride 5%
NaOH 4%;
Bleeding agent is a paregal O 1%
Modification process:
Cold pad-batch method.
Viscose fabric is padded treatment fluid in padding machine, pick-up 100%, 25 ℃ of temperature, 12 hours time.Processing finishes the back clear water and washs to cloth cover pH value 7.
Stamp prescription and technology:
Sodium alginate thickener (containing sodium alginate 7%) 50%
Urea 5%
Dyestuff 8%
Sodium bicarbonate 2.5%
Reserve salt 1.5%
Water is an amount of
Evaporate 105 ℃ of temperature, time 5min.
Embodiment 3, fabric are linen
Modified formula:
Grafting agent is 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl trihydroxyethyl ammonium chloride 10%
Sodium carbonate 2%.
Bleeding agent is diffusion agent N N0 0.5%
Modification process:
Carry out at overflow dyeing machine.
The above-mentioned solution for preparing is added in the dyeing machine, and the linen that pre-treatment is good is put into machine.90 ℃ of treatment temperatures, 60 minutes time.Processing fully is washed to cloth cover pH value 7 with fabric after finishing.
Stamp prescription and technology:
The magma 50% that contains cluster bean 7-10%
Urea 3%
Dyestuff 4%
Sodium bicarbonate 1.8%
Reserve salt 1%
Water is an amount of
Evaporate 100 ℃ of temperature, time 10min.
Embodiment 4, fabric are wool fabric
Modified formula:
Grafting agent is Two replace s-triazine cationic compound 8%
Sodium carbonate 5%;
Penetrant t 0.8%
Modification process:
In airflow dyeing machine, carry out.
The above-mentioned solution for preparing is added in the dyeing machine, and the wool fabric that pre-treatment is good is put into machine.60 ℃ of treatment temperatures, 100 minutes time.Processing fully is washed to cloth cover pH value 7 with fabric after finishing.
Stamp prescription and technology:
Sodium alginate thickener (containing sodium alginate 7%) 50%
Urea 4
Dyestuff 2%
Sodium bicarbonate 2%
Reserve salt 0.8%
Water is an amount of
Evaporate 102 ℃ of temperature, time 15min.
Embodiment 5, fabric are silk fabrics
Modified formula:
Grafting agent is One replaces s-triazine cationic compound 4%
Sodium carbonate 3.5%;
Bleeding agent 0.01-1%
Modification process:
Cold pad-batch method.
Silk fabrics is padded treatment fluid in padding machine, pick-up 100%, 40 ℃ of temperature, 2 hours time.Processing finishes the back clear water and washs to cloth cover pH value 7.
Stamp prescription and technology:
The magma 50% that contains cluster bean 7-10%
Urea 2%
Dyestuff 5%
Sodium bicarbonate 2%
Reserve salt 1%
Water is an amount of
Evaporate 104 ℃ of temperature, time 15min.
Embodiment 6, fabric are COTTON FABRIC
Modified formula:
Grafting agent is Allyl trihydroxyethyl ammonium chloride 6%
NaOH 4%;
Penetrating agent JFC 0.6%
Modification process:
Cold pad-batch method.
COTTON FABRIC is padded treatment fluid in padding machine, pick-up 100%, 30 ℃ of temperature, 6 hours time.Processing finishes the back clear water and washs to cloth cover pH value 7.
Stamp prescription and technology:
Sodium alginate thickener (containing sodium alginate 7%) 50%
Urea 4.5%
Dyestuff 6%
Sodium bicarbonate 2.5%
Reserve salt 1.2%
Water is an amount of
Evaporate 105 ℃ of temperature, 8min.

Claims (6)

1. fabric graft modified full-fixation printing method is characterized in that this method may further comprise the steps:
1) fabric pretreatment is carried out pre-treatment with fabric by destarch, kiering and bleaching process;
2) the graft modification working solution is prepared, and the graft modification working solution is by cation graft agents 0.1-10%, alkaline agent 0.1-20% and bleeding agent 0-1%, and all the other are that water is formulated;
3) graft modification is handled, and will put in the dyeing machine through the fabric of pre-treatment, adds ready graft modification working solution, 30-90 ℃ of control temperature, and time 60-200 minute, water outlet was to cloth cover pH value 7; Maybe will in padding machine, pad ready graft modification working solution through the fabric of pre-treatment, pick-up 100%, temperature 25-40 ℃, time 1-12 hour, water outlet was to cloth cover pH value 7;
4) stamp prescription is filled a prescription to magma 50 grams, urea 2-5 gram, dyestuff 0.5-8 gram, sodium bicarbonate 1-2.5 gram and reserve salt 0.5-1.5 gram are arranged in per 100 gram weight, and all the other are the weight of water;
5) printing technology, the technology stamp wherein evaporates temperature 98-105 ℃, required time 5-20min routinely;
Wherein, the cation graft agents step 2) is:
Select in the above-mentioned grafting agent one or both during preparation for use.
2. fabric graft modified full-fixation printing method according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described alkaline agent is NaOH or sodium carbonate.
3. fabric graft modified full-fixation printing method according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described bleeding agent is penetrating agent JFC, penetrant t, paregal O or diffusion agent N N0.
4. fabric graft modified full-fixation printing method according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described fabric is for cotton, viscose glue, a kind of fabric in fiber crops, wool, the silk or interweaving or BLENDED FABRIC of two kinds, three kinds fibers wherein.
5. fabric graft modified full-fixation printing method according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described magma is the magma that contains the magma of sodium alginate 7-10% or contain cluster bean 7-10%.
6. fabric graft modified full-fixation printing method according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described dyeing machine is dye gigging dyeing machine, overflow dyeing machine or airflow dyeing machine.
CN2008101620862A 2008-11-10 2008-11-10 Fabric graft modified full-fixation printing method Expired - Fee Related CN101403185B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008101620862A CN101403185B (en) 2008-11-10 2008-11-10 Fabric graft modified full-fixation printing method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN101403185B true CN101403185B (en) 2011-06-15

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Families Citing this family (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN102965927B (en) * 2012-12-07 2014-09-03 辽东学院 Tussah silk fiber or fabric cation modified finishing agent thereof and modified technique thereof
CN103074783B (en) * 2012-12-28 2015-09-09 宁波广源纺织品有限公司 A kind of natural plant dye colouring method
US9745694B2 (en) * 2013-01-25 2017-08-29 Colorzen, Llc Treatment of fibers for improved dyeability
CN103215805B (en) * 2013-04-16 2014-12-31 大连理工大学 Salt-free dyeing method for active dye
CN104060480A (en) * 2014-07-10 2014-09-24 青岛大学 Method for dyeing cotton fabric by colored nano-sphere
CN105887328A (en) * 2014-09-19 2016-08-24 东纶科技实业有限公司 A dye absorbing sheet material and a preparation method therefor
CN105316930A (en) * 2014-11-29 2016-02-10 耿云花 Preparation method of formaldehyde-removing cotton fabric
CN107119472B (en) * 2017-06-22 2019-06-28 广东溢达纺织有限公司 Pretreating process before yarn dyeing
CN107237188A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-10-10 安徽亚源印染有限公司 A kind of colouring method of flax fiber
AU2018318996A1 (en) 2017-08-15 2020-02-27 Cotton Incorporated Functionalized fibrous material
CN107604688A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-19 江苏工程职业技术学院 A kind of pigment dyeing technique of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fabric
CN107815896A (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-03-20 繁昌县清新水洗有限责任公司 A kind of printing technology of pure cotton fabric
CN112251865A (en) * 2020-09-25 2021-01-22 利辛县鸿瑞祥织造有限公司 Cotton thread production process

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C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Assignee: Zhejiang Jiaxin Xingchang Dyeing Printing Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Zhejiang Jiaxin Silk Corp.,Ltd.

Contract record no.: 2011330000839

Denomination of invention: Fabric graft modified full-fixation printing method

Granted publication date: 20110615

License type: Exclusive License

Open date: 20090408

Record date: 20110628

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110615

Termination date: 20171110

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee