CN101392506B - Hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle and hybrid sweeping environmental sanitation vehicle - Google Patents

Hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle and hybrid sweeping environmental sanitation vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101392506B
CN101392506B CN 200810172207 CN200810172207A CN101392506B CN 101392506 B CN101392506 B CN 101392506B CN 200810172207 CN200810172207 CN 200810172207 CN 200810172207 A CN200810172207 A CN 200810172207A CN 101392506 B CN101392506 B CN 101392506B
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dust
vehicle
dustbin
motor
blower fan
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CN101392506A (en
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赵国贵
赵宏坚
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赵国贵
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Abstract

The invention relates to a hybrid vacuum sweeper. A chassis is provided with an engine, a gear transfer case, a silicon rectifying generator, a storage battery, a power converter, a motor, a dustbin, a suction tube, a suction cup, a fan, a water tank and a water pump. The engine drives the silicon rectifying generator and the fan respectively. The silicon rectifying generator is connected with the power converter and the storage battery to output generated electric current. The power converter is connected with the motor to drive a rear axle shaft to drive the vacuum sweeper to run. The fan sucks dust and garbage on the ground in front of the suction cup into the dustbin through the dustbin, the suction tube and the suction cup. The water pump pumps water from the water tank to control the dust in the suction tube and the suction cup by a wet method. In the invention, a hybrid drive technology is applied to a special urban environment sanitary vehicle with vehicle-mounted operating devices, and the special vehicle has an oil-saving effect due to the use of a single engine as well as good operation effects; and a hybrid drive mechanism continuously generates electricity and overcomes the drawback that an electrical vehicle can not work for a long time due to the limitation from the capacity of the storage battery.

Description

Hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle and hybrid sweeping environmental sanitation vehicle
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of hybrid power sanitation equipment, relate in particular to a kind of hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle and a kind of hybrid sweeping environmental sanitation vehicle.
Background technology
The urban road cleaning has been used mechanized equipment more and more at present, and vacuum sweeper, road sweeper are extensively promoted the use of.In the environmental sanitation vehicles of vehicle-mounted apparatus for work is arranged, such as special-purpose environmental sanitation vehicles such as road sweeper, high-pressure washing vehicles, two motors generally all are installed on large car, in-between car, and sustainer is responsible for driving Vehicle Driving Cycle, and assistant engine is responsible for the vehicle-mounted apparatus for work work of power drive that provides stable.On the small-sized sanitation vehicle, since the restriction of the locus of vehicle, the general hydraulic pump that all drives many series connection with monomotor, and several hydraulic pump difference transmitting hydraulic motors drive Vehicle Driving Cycle and apparatus for work work.
The power drive system oil consumption of two motors is high, and all in the slow-speed of revolution, the work of high oil consumption district, generally all there is the problem of low load with strong power in motor basically.It is higher that monomotor drives the oil consumption of a plurality of hydraulic pumps, and relatively machinery driving efficiency is much lower for hydraulicefficiency.
The technology of at present electric motor car and hybrid-power electric vehicle popularizes.The pure electric vehicle technology is not suitable for being applied on the environmental sanitation vehicles of vehicle-mounted apparatus for work, this class environmental sanitation vehicles should travel by vicissitudinous power drive vehicle speed variation degree, the vehicle-mounted apparatus for work operation of stable power drive is arranged again, this class vehicle is generally all wanted can the double shifting operation, even wants to satisfy interim arrangements overtime work operation.Pure electric vehicle will satisfy the power demand of this class sanitation cart, and manufacturing cost height, the Heavy Weight of power accumulator, to take the special-purpose vehicle locus large, works continuously even also be difficult to satisfy this class vehicle by the long charging interval.
Chinese patent CN2157885 discloses a kind of sweeping machine power driving device of auxilliary engine, is comprised of motor, gear-box, blower fan, is connected by fluid-flywheel clutch between motor and the gear-box.The sweeping machine oil consumption that above patent weak point is twin-engined configurations is high, and discharging is high.Chinese patent CN1049218A discloses a kind of hydralic drive automobile, relate to a kind of fluid power system, by double-action automatic variable breakaway stator paddle pump of driven by engine, the hydraulic fluid that produces is delivered to hydraulic motor on the driving wheel by circulating line, realizes the driving of automobile by hydraulic motor.Above patent weak point is that hydraulicdriven transmission efficiency is low, oil consumption is high.
The Chinese patent of application number 01200829 discloses a kind of wet interchange road-sweeper of doing, in its garbage collection box for realizing cleaning rubbish under the Various Seasonal varying environment and except the purpose of, depositing dust, the spy has installed and has done, wet dual-purpose except, device for reducing dust, install dry type high efficiency tornadotron dust arrester and folding cloth matter dust arrester when sweep the road winter.This technical scheme in the winter time in the operation process owing to the reasons such as solar radiation run into humidity, can only avoid when water stain road surface is arranged not cleaning, otherwise on cloth matter dust arrester, cloth matter dust arrester operation quality descends with sticky for the moist dust that cleaning work causes, the atomizing globule etc.
The Chinese patent of application number 03240459 discloses a kind of full Pneumatic dry-type dust-suction vehicle, without brush, do not spray water, all finishes cleaning work with air-flow.Full Pneumatic dry-type dust-suction vehicle is equipped with centrifugal fan, the draught fan impeller rotation produces movement air flow, air-flow drives dust and sucks ash bin lower floor through admission pipe, realize by gravitational settling separating the first time of dust, fine solid particle after the separation enters draught fan impeller by air inlet pipe, the centrifugal force that produces by the impeller High Rotation Speed makes air and dust carry out separating the second time, isolated dust is stored in the ash bin upper strata, gas after the separation enters dust suction disc by wireway and blows out from air nozzle, floor-dust is sucked again by admission pipe after blowing afloat, the admission pipe other end and ash bin lower floor are connected, and produce thus the loop of air-flow closed cycle.The centrifugal force that the draught fan impeller High Rotation Speed produces in this technical scheme can not be well with fine solid particle and flow separation, separating unclear fine solid particle constantly is accumulated in to enter by wireway and may produces airborne dust when dust suction disc blows out from air nozzle, all the loop of air-flow closed cycles make air nozzle dust suction disc the inside blowback affect vacuum sweeper to ground on the heavy rubbish effect of inhaling, be bonded at ground dust, rubbish also is difficult to removing without brush.
Also be difficult at present to find the hybrid-power electric vehicle technology to be applied in data on the environmental sanitation vehicles such as vacuum sweeper and road sweeper, the power that the application of this technology had both needed to change satisfies vehicle speed variation and travels, need again the vehicle-mounted apparatus for work work of power drive that provides simultaneously stable, also want to work continuously for a long time to satisfy uncertain cleaning task, in driver's cabin, want to dispose the operating system that meets the motor vehicles requirement, adapt to the driving habits of human pilot, avoid accident; The structure of environmental sanitation vehicles also will have advance, and brush is swept the floor otherwise airborne dust, blower fan air draft otherwise spray ash, the mud vestige that mixes without water and dust on the ground of clean, under the icing climatic environment with all want rainy day can operation; It is high that the transmission efficiency of vehicle is wanted, and low emission, low oil consumption.
Summary of the invention
The environmental sanitation vehicles that the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of hybrid power, the monomotor configuration, motor both provided the power demand that stable machine power satisfies vehicle-mounted apparatus for work during operation, provided simultaneously power to travel by generator, Motor Drive vehicle speed variation.The technology of the present invention absorbs and replenishes the generated energy of generator by the charging and discharging of the battery of parallel connection, the power demand of travelling and changing to satisfy vehicle speed variation can provide electric power, also can provide machine power to drive Vehicle Driving Cycle with motor with battery during the vehicle transition.Technology of Hybrid Electric Vehicle of the present invention is applied in vacuum sweeper, the sweeping machine structure, low emission, energy efficient, can satisfy the uncertain long-time continuous job requirements of environmental sanitation vehicles, the operating system connection and reasonable arrangement in the driver's cabin, easy and simple to handle, safety, battery is normal to be used in shallow degree discharge, prolong application life, and the battery configuration capacity is low, and cost is low, lightweight.Cleaning, dust suction, control dirt structure advanced person, the cleaning work quality is good, brush is cleaned not airborne dust, blower fan air draft and is not sprayed ash, the mud vestige that does not have water and dust to mix on the ground of cleaning, under the climatic environment of freezing and rainy day can both operation, many kinds are used, and products of different specifications can satisfy the demand of Different climate environment, different road cleaning operations.The technology of the present invention has overcome the deficiencies in the prior art.
The invention provides a kind of hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle, comprise vehicle frame, on the described vehicle frame driver's cabin is installed, motor, dustbin, blower fan, sucker, suction tube, rear axle beam, suction tube UNICOM dustbin is installed on the described sucker, the air intake of described blower fan connects dustbin, described motor connection for transmission rear axle beam, described motor is by gear transfer box difference connection for transmission silicon rectification generator and blower fan, described silicon rectification generator connects battery and power converter simultaneously, described power converter connects motor, motor connection for transmission rear axle beam drives Vehicle Driving Cycle, the hand throttle of control engine is installed in driver's cabin, the foot rest of regulating power converter also is installed in driver's cabin.
The described motor transmission speed variator that is linked in sequence, power transmission shaft A, rear axle beam, also install on the speed changer and connect power takeoff, power takeoff is by power transmission shaft B connection for transmission gear transfer box, gear transfer box is connection for transmission silicon rectification generator and blower fan respectively, A is set with reduction box at power transmission shaft, the power shaft of motor connection for transmission reduction box, power shaft pierces on the axle in the reduction box and is set with final gear, power transmission shaft A pierces on the axle in the reduction box and is movably installed with secondary reduction gearing, adapter sleeve is equipped with electromagnetic clutch, the endoporus bonding surface of electromagnetic clutch is fastenedly connected power transmission shaft A, the plane bonding surface is fastenedly connected secondary reduction gearing, the secondary reduction gearing of final gear engaged transmission, the operating grip A that installs in driver's cabin makes the transmission of speed changer separation or connection and power takeoff, the operating grip B control electromagnetic clutch of also installing in driver's cabin makes the transmission of secondary reduction gearing separation or connection and power transmission shaft A, the accelerator pedal of control engine is installed in driver's cabin, the foot rest of accelerator pedal and control power converter is in the compound installation of same position, be flexibly connected, step on accelerator pedal interlock foot rest.
Described power converter is chopper, and described motor is dc motor.
Water tank, water pump are installed on the described vehicle frame, in sucker and/or suction tube, water spout are installed, described gear transfer box connection for transmission water pump, described water pump connects water tank and water spout.
Described dustbin, water tank, water pump, suction tube, water spout are all made of the stainless steel resistant material, described blower fan is crossed interior naked anticorrosion with painting erosion coating of wind or is made of stainless steel material, water-filling or fill the non-icing Snow Agent aqueous solution under the climatic environment of freezing in the water tank.
Described sucker is two, suction tube UNICOM dustbin all is installed on every sucker, on every suction tube the air door that can independently open is installed all, a butterfly type brush for subsequent use is installed respectively in the both sides of vehicle frame, before sucker, in the brush of butterfly type water spout is installed, described sucker stretches out the outer part of car body to be made and split typely is connected with hinge with sucker, stretches out during the vehicle transition to draw in after car body this part bending that makes progress outward and tries to cover up in underneath its body.
Also be separately installed with the brush of butterfly type before described vehicle frame both sides, the sucker, described gear transfer box be linked in sequence transmission fluid press pump, hydraulic motor transmission butterfly type brush cleaning work, or described battery connects D. C motor driving butterfly type brush cleaning work.
Water tank, water pump are installed on the described vehicle frame, in the brush of described butterfly type or on the vehicle frame water spout is installed, described gear transfer box connection for transmission water pump, described water pump connects water tank and water spout, and described water spout has switch control.
The semiclosed control of dust account of cover cap butterfly type brush is installed, the entrance of semiclosed control of dust account UNICOM sucker under the described vehicle frame.
On the described vehicle frame cyclone separator is installed, the air intake UNICOM dustbin of described cyclone separator, the air intake of air outlet UNICOM blower fan, the air intake of blower fan is air outlet and the dustbin of UNICOM's cyclone separator respectively, the connection position of dustbin and blower fan, and the connection position of dustbin and cyclone separator all is separately installed with the air door that can independently open, also be equipped with on the described vehicle frame and use cloth matter, the dust filtration device of perhaps making of paper material, be provided with independently induced draft fan in the described dust filtration device, the air outlet of described blower fan is air intake and the interior back blow port of sucker of UNICOM's dust filtration device simultaneously, being provided with air door in the air outlet of described blower fan makes a part wherein enter dust filtration device in order to the air draft of regulating blower fan, a part in addition enters sucker, and the clean gas flow after described dust filtration device will filter enters atmosphere.
On the described vehicle frame cyclone separator is installed, the air intake UNICOM dustbin of described cyclone separator, the air intake of air outlet UNICOM blower fan, the air intake of blower fan is air outlet and the dustbin of UNICOM's cyclone separator respectively, the connection position of dustbin and blower fan, and the connection position of dustbin and cyclone separator all is separately installed with the air door that can independently open, also be equipped with on the described vehicle frame and use cloth matter, the dust filtration device of perhaps making of paper material, be provided with independently induced draft fan in the described dust filtration device, the air outlet while semiclosed control of dust account of UNICOM of described blower fan and the air intake of dust filtration device, being provided with air door in the air outlet of described blower fan makes a part wherein enter dust filtration device in order to the air draft of regulating blower fan, a part in addition enters semiclosed control of dust account, and the clean gas flow after described dust filtration device will filter enters atmosphere.
The invention provides a kind of hybrid sweeping environmental sanitation vehicle, comprise vehicle frame, on the described vehicle frame motor is installed, the brush of butterfly type, round brush, dustbin, water tank, water pump, rear axle beam, at vehicle frame driver's cabin is installed, the brush of described butterfly type is installed in the both sides of sanitation cart head and/or is installed in the both sides at vehicle frame middle part, after described round brush is installed in the brush of butterfly type, horizontal below vehicle frame, centre at sanitation cart, the entrance of the top UNICOM dustbin of described round brush, in the brush of described butterfly type or on the vehicle frame water spout is installed, in round brush the place ahead water spout is installed, described water pump connects water tank and water spout, described motor is by gear transfer box difference connection for transmission silicon rectification generator and round brush, described silicon rectification generator connects battery and power converter simultaneously, described power converter connects motor, described motor connection for transmission rear axle beam drives Vehicle Driving Cycle, is separately installed with the hand throttle of control engine and the foot rest of adjusting power converter in driver's cabin.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the basic drive mechanism block diagram of hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is hybrid power composite transmission dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle structured flowchart of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is first embodiment of the invention hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle structural representation;
Fig. 4 is second embodiment of the invention hybrid power composite transmission dust absorption environmental sanitation bassinet structure schematic top plan view;
Fig. 5 is third embodiment of the invention cleaning, dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle structural representation;
Fig. 6 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is fourth embodiment of the invention cleaning, dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle structural representation;
Fig. 8 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is the dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle structural representation of fifth embodiment of the invention dry type filter dirt;
Figure 10 is cleaning, the dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle structural representation of the cleaning of sixth embodiment of the invention dry type, dry type filter dirt;
Figure 11 is the part section schematic top plan view of Figure 10;
Figure 12 is the schematic top plan view of seventh embodiment of the invention hybrid power pure sweeping sanitation cart structure;
Figure 13 is accelerator pedal and the compound installation of foot rest of control power converter, the schematic diagram of flexible connection in the embodiment of the invention;
Figure 14 is the schematic diagram of gearbox structure in the embodiment of the invention.
Description of reference numerals
1, gear transfer box 2, dustbin 3, sucker 4, water spout
5, cyclone separator 6, butterfly type brush 7, blower fan 8, motor
9, operating grip B 10, dust filtration device 11, suction tube 12, water pump
13, semiclosed control of dust account 14, power transmission shaft A 15, water tank 16, driver's cabin
17, operating grip A 18, power transmission shaft B 19, vehicle frame 20, reduction box
21, final gear 22, rear axle beam 23, speed changer 24, power takeoff
25, secondary reduction gearing 26, power converter 27, battery 28, power shaft
29, electromagnetic clutch 30, hand throttle 31, motor 32, foot rest
33, accelerator pedal 34, back blow port 35, round brush 36, hinge
37, silicon rectification generator
The specific embodiment
The first embodiment, a kind of hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle, as shown in figures 1 and 3.Fig. 1 is the basic drive mechanism block diagram of hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle of the present invention, and Fig. 3 is first embodiment of the invention hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle structural representation.
Driver's cabin 16, motor 8, dustbin 2, blower fan 7, sucker 3, suction tube 11, rear axle beam 22 are installed on the described vehicle frame 19, suction tube 11 UNICOM's dustbins 2 are installed on the described sucker 3, the air intake of described blower fan 7 connects dustbin 2; Described motor 8 connection for transmission gear transfer box 1, gear transfer box 1 is connection for transmission silicon rectification generator 37 and blower fan 7 respectively, described silicon rectification generator 37 connects battery 27 and power converter 26 simultaneously, described power converter 26 connects motor 31, and motor 31 connection for transmission rear axle beams 22 drive Vehicle Driving Cycle; 16 li of driver's cabins the hand throttle 30 of control engine 8 is installed, the foot rest 32 of regulating power converter 26 also is installed 16 li of driver's cabins.Described power converter 26 is chopper, and described motor 31 is dc motor.Water tank 15, water pump 12 are installed on the described vehicle frame 19, in sucker 3 and/or suction tube 11 water spout 4 are installed, described gear transfer box 1 is gone back connection for transmission water pump 12, and described water pump 12 connects water tank 15 and water spout 4.The filter screen that intercepts light thing rubbish is installed in dustbin 2 and blower fan 7 junctions.
Select silicon rectification generator 37 in the present embodiment hybrid power transmission system, silicon rectification generator 37 adds silicon rectification circuit and adjuster circuit for threephase alternator, silicon rectification generator 37 has the advantages that volume is little, lightweight, larger than moving rate, the low speed charging performance is good, and can adapt to the rotation speed change scope of motor 8, alternating current generator in the silicon rectification generator 37 self has the antioverloading ability, and silicon rectification generator 37 is with the electric weight input electric power current transformer 26 and the battery 27 that send.
In the situation that adopts dc motor, employing chopper etc. are as power converter 26, and in the situation that adopts ac motor, employing inverter etc. are as power converter 26.The operating environment of sanitation cart is poor, and the mud sewage pollution is large, often wants water flushing vehicle, uses the voltage high risk of ac motor large, uses the voltage low-security of dc motor good.The dynamical system transmission efficiency of motor connection for transmission generator and motor is low, its total transmission efficiency is the respectively product of efficient of motor, generator, motor, and the machine driven system of using twin-engined configurations in large-scale this systematic comparison of sanitation cart application does not have obvious odds for effectiveness.Small-sized sanitation vehicle is because vehicle is little, generally adopt at present monomotor to drive the system of many tandem hydraulic pump, use the existing odds for effectiveness of system that this systematic comparison monomotor drives many tandem hydraulic pump at small-sized sanitation vehicle, flexibly advantage of manufacturing cost advantage and installation site is also arranged.Small-sized sanitation vehicle is generally all in the operation of bustling urban road, very fast travel speed can not be arranged during operation and do not need very high acceleration, also not have very large mounted mass, therefore, present embodiment is preferentially selected low powered DC motor, preferentially uses at small-sized sanitation vehicle.
The operation process of present embodiment dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle is: pilot engine 8, handle the hand throttle 30 of 16 li of driver's cabins to the middling speed position, motor 8 drives blower fan 7 rotations, also drives simultaneously silicon rectification generator 37 generatings by gear transfer box 1, and silicon rectification generator 37 is to power converter 26 and battery 27 output generation currents; Step on the foot rest 32 of control power converter 26, foot rest 32 control power converters 26 variablees input electric weight is to motor 31, and motor 31 rotations and connection for transmission rear axle beam 22 drive vehicle speed variation and travel.
Blower fan 7 rotates by dustbin 2, suction tube 11, sucker 3 is with sucker 3 front ground dusts, rubbish sucks dustbin 2, gear transfer box 1 drives water pump 12 simultaneously, the water that water pump 12 extracts 15 li in water tanks sprays the water smoke pearl by the dust-contained airflow that the water spout 4 that is located in sucker 3 and/or the suction tube 11 flows through in sucker 3 and the suction tube 11, dust in the air-flow and rubbish form granulated garbage and rubbish group after by water smoke pearl humidifying, air-flow enters dustbin 2 rear effect flow velocitys owing to dustbin 2 space enlargement and slows down, granulated garbage and rubbish group are carried secretly by air-flow and enter dustbin 2 rear gravitational settlings and be trapped in the dustbin 2 the clean gas flow discharge behind blower fan 7 suction dustbins, 2 interior process gravitational settlings and the strainer filtering.
In the operation process of present embodiment dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle, the generated energy of silicon rectification generator 37 stores into battery 27 greater than the dump energy of motor 31 instantaneous power consumptions, and silicon rectification generator 37 generated energy are replenished by battery 27 discharges during less than motor 31 instantaneous power consumption.Present embodiment hybrid power sanitation cart is in the operation driving process, motor 8 uninterruptedly generates electricity by silicon rectification generator 37, in the time period of motor 31 low load operation, silicon rectification generator 37 gives the discharge that motor 31 uses rear remaining generated energy in time to replenish battery 27.Present embodiment hybrid power sanitation cart can the long-time continuous operation, has satisfied the uncertain uninterrupted working time demand of environmental sanitation vehicles, and has not needed to dispose 27 groups on jumbo battery, the weight saving of battery 27, cost.
On the present embodiment hybrid power sanitation cart low-voltage protection circuit and circuit overcurrent protection are installed also.In operation process, in time adjust motor 8 rotating speeds by the storage electric weight of observing battery 27, avoid battery 27 to overcharge and serious power shortage.Present embodiment battery 27 normal uses in shallow degree discharge are equipped with charging plug on the battery 27, can replenish electricity to battery 27 when stopping, and carry out daily maintenance and correct use of battery 27, and battery 27 is increased the service life.
The second embodiment, the second embodiment are the expansions on the first embodiment basic structure basis, are a kind of dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicles of hybrid power composite transmission structure, such as Fig. 2, Fig. 4, Figure 13, shown in Figure 14.Fig. 2 is hybrid power composite transmission dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle structured flowchart of the present invention, Fig. 4 is second embodiment of the invention hybrid power composite transmission dust absorption environmental sanitation bassinet structure schematic top plan view, Figure 13 is accelerator pedal 33 and the foot rest 32 compound installations of control power converter 26, the schematic diagram of flexible connection in the embodiment of the invention, and Figure 14 is the schematic diagram of reduction box 20 structures in the embodiment of the invention.
On the basis of the first embodiment, described motor 8 be linked in sequence on the one hand transmission speed variator 23, power transmission shaft A14, rear axle beam 22, motor 8 is also installed connection power takeoff 24 by speed changer 23 on the one hand in addition, power takeoff 24 be linked in sequence transmission drive shaft B18, gear transfer box 1, gear transfer box 1 is connection for transmission silicon rectification generator 37, blower fan 7 respectively.On power transmission shaft A14, also be set with reduction box 20, the power shaft 28 of motor 31 connection for transmission reduction boxes 20, power shaft 28 pierces on the axle of 20 li of reduction boxes and is set with final gear 21, power transmission shaft A14 pierces on the axle of 20 li of reduction boxes and is movably installed with secondary reduction gearing 25, adapter sleeve is equipped with electromagnetic clutch 29, the endoporus bonding surface of electromagnetic clutch 29 is fastenedly connected power transmission shaft A14, the plane bonding surface is fastenedly connected secondary reduction gearing 25, the secondary reduction gearing 25 of final gear 21 engaged transmission.16 li of driver's cabins also be separately installed with from, close the operating grip A17 of speed changer 23 and power takeoff 24 connection for transmissions, with be equipped with from, close the operating grip B9 of secondary reduction gearing 25 and the control electromagnetic clutch 29 of power transmission shaft A14 connection for transmission, the accelerator pedal 33 of control engine 8 also is installed 16 li of driver's cabins, the foot rest 32 of accelerator pedal 33 and control power converter 26 is stepped on accelerator pedal 33 interlock foot rests 32 in the compound installation of same position, flexible connection.
The operation process of present embodiment dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle is: operation transmission 23 is hung neutral gear, has disconnected being in transmission connection of motor 8 and power transmission shaft A14; Handle the transmission that driver's cabin 16 interior operating grip A17 connect speed changer 23 and power takeoff 24, the transmission of manipulation operations handle B9 auxiliary connection reduction gearing 25 and power transmission shaft A14.Pilot engine 8, handle hand throttle 30 motor 8 is rotated in middling speed, motor 8 is by speed changer 23, power takeoff 24, power transmission shaft B18, gear transfer box 1 difference connection for transmission blower fan 7 and silicon rectification generator 37.Silicon rectification generator 37 is with generated energy input electric power current transformer 26 and battery 27, step on the foot rest 32 of the accelerator pedal 33 interlock control power converters 26 in the driver's cabin 16, foot rest 32 control power converters 26 variablees input electric weight is to motor 31, power shaft 28, the final gear 21 of motor 31 order transmission reduction boxes 20, the secondary reduction gearing 25 of final gear 21 engaged transmission, secondary reduction gearing 25 is by electromagnetic clutch 29 transmission drive shaft A14, and power transmission shaft A14 transmission rear axle beam 22 drives vehicle speed variation and travels.The acceleration foot rest 32 of driving motor vehicle can only be one, present embodiment will be distinguished the rotating speed of control engine 8 or the rotating speed of control motor 31 under different operating modes, with foot rest 32 up and down compound installation, flexible connection on same position of the power converter 26 of the accelerator pedal 33 of control engine 8 rotating speeds and control motor 31 rotating speeds, step on accelerator pedal 33 foot rest 32 that just links and realized under different operating modes the rotating speed of control engine 8 respectively or controlled the rotating speed of motor 31.
The dust suction operation process of the dust suction operating system of present embodiment vacuum sweeper does not repeat them here as described in the first embodiment.
Operating process during the transition of present embodiment dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle is: handle hand throttle 30 and reset, manipulation operations handle A17 open slew device 23 is in transmission connection with power takeoff 24, manipulation operations handle B9 disconnects being in transmission connection of secondary reduction gearing 25 and power transmission shaft A14, stops power converter 26 work; Operation transmission 23 is hung drive shift or reverse gear, and vehicle has recovered motor 8 be linked in sequence transmission speed variator 23, power transmission shaft A14, rear axle beam 22, has recovered motor 8 machine driving and has driven vehicle transition fast running.Present embodiment also can disconnect being in transmission connection of gear transfer box 1 and blower fan 7, water pump 12 under job state, 8 in motor transmission speed variator 23, power takeoff 24, power transmission shaft B18, gear transfer box 1, the silicon motor of haircuting that is linked in sequence, the silicon motor of haircuting connects power converter 26, motor 31, and be linked in sequence power shaft 28, final gear 21, secondary reduction gearing 25, electromagnetic clutch 29, power transmission shaft A14, the rear axle beam 22 of transmission reduction box 20 of motor 31 drives the vehicles transition and travel.Present embodiment can also connect power converter 26 by battery 27, motor 31 transmission rear axle beams 22 drive the vehicle transition and travel.
The present embodiment dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle is hybrid power composite transmission structure design, and vehicle has been installed a motor 8 and battery 27 parallel hybrid power transmission mechanisms and driven Vehicle Driving Cycle, also compound a mechanical transmission mechanism driving Vehicle Driving Cycle has been installed.When operation, drive Vehicle Driving Cycle with hybrid power transmission mechanism, and provide simultaneously stable machine power to vehicle-mounted apparatus for work; Realized monomotor 8 configuration, relatively monomotor drives that system's oil consumption of many tandem hydraulic pump configurations is low, low cost of manufacture, installation site be flexible.It is fast to drive the speed of cutting to when the vehicle transition is travelled with mechanical transmission mechanism; Drive the vehicles transition with battery 27 connection power converters 26, motor 31 and realized zero-emission, low power cost when travelling.
On first, second embodiment hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle, can also do following installation: described dustbin 2, water tank 15, water pump 12, suction tube 11, water spout 4 are all made of resistant materials such as stainless steels, described blower fan 7 is crossed interior naked anticorrosion with painting erosion coating of wind or is made of stainless steel material, and 15 li in water tank is filled with water or is filled with the non-icing Snow Agent aqueous solution under the climatic environment of freezing.Described sucker 3 is two.In the both sides of vehicle frame 19, in that sucker 3 is front a butterfly type brush 6 for subsequent use is installed respectively, in butterfly type brush 6 water spout 4 is installed.Described sucker 3 stretches out the outer part of car body to be made split type and sucker 3 and is connected with hinge, and vehicle stretches out when cutting to draw in after car body this part bending that makes progress outward to be tried to cover up in underneath its body.
Under the climatic environment of the northern area of China freezed in winter, use embodiment of the invention dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle, the structure of dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle will be made of corrosion-resistant material, fill the non-icing Snow Agent aqueous solution in 15 li in water tank, water pump 12 extract the Snow Agent aqueous solution spray influent streams cross in sucker 3, the suction tube 11 dust-contained airflow wet type control dirt.Present embodiment is simple in structure, control dirt is effective, reach about 35m/s owing to flow through the speed of dust-contained airflow in sucker 3, the suction tube 11, the Snow Agent aqueous solution of sprinkling has all entered dustbin 2 and has processed in company with the rubbish in the dustbin 2 is unified, does not pollute urban road.
Embodiment of the invention dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle can be staggered installation of two suckers 3 for 19 times at vehicle frame, suction tube 11 UNICOM's dustbins 2 all are installed respectively on two suckers 3, two suction tubes 11 all are provided with independently airdoor control, can determine flexibly according to the concrete condition that pollute on the road surface dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle on one side sucker 3 and sucker 3 and the suction tube 11 on suction tube 11 work or both sides work together, saved energy consumption.Two suckers 3 are installed, and the suction inlet width of every sucker 3 is moderate, and pick-up performance is good.
A butterfly type brush 6 for subsequent use can be installed respectively in vehicle frame 19 both sides of embodiment of the invention dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle, in butterfly type brush 6 water spout 4 is installed, the operation width of butterfly type brush 6 is slightly larger than the operation width of sucker 3, in the process of dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle operation, run into when being bonded at ground dust, rubbish, can put down at any time butterfly type brush for subsequent use 6 and assist sucker 3 operations, water spout 4 spray water control butterfly type brush 6 cleaning airborne dusts, operation quality is good.Butterfly type brush 6 for subsequent use is installed has remedied pure vacuum sweeper operation to being bonded at the ability of ground dust and refuse cleaning, relatively the consumption of sweeping and sucking type road-sweeper is few for the brush seedling.
It is outer in order to can blot the dust rubbish at angle, clean roadside that the sucker 3 of embodiment of the invention dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle stretches out the sanitation cart car body when working, sucker 3 stretches out the outer part of vacuum sweeper and can adopt hinge 36 to connect into the split-type structural that can overturn, when the vacuum sweeper transition is travelled, this part bending gathering that makes progress that dust suction disc stretches out outside the vacuum sweeper is tried to cover up in the vacuum sweeper underneath its body, avoids dust suction disc to stretch out outer this part of vacuum sweeper and bumps when transition is travelled.
More than the vacuum sweeper structure of the first embodiment, the second embodiment, all be to adapt to the operation of wet type filter dirt, dust suction, filter dirt are simple in structure, maintenance is convenient, runs into the well operation of wet ground and rainy day, is round-the-clock environmental protection working vehicle.
The 3rd embodiment, the 3rd embodiment are a kind of sweeping and sucking type cleaning, dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicles of hybrid power composite transmission structure, are the expansions on the second embodiment chassis drive mechanism and dust suction operation structure basis, such as Fig. 5, shown in Figure 6.Fig. 5 is third embodiment of the invention cleaning, dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle structural representation, and Fig. 6 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 5.
On the basis of the second embodiment chassis drive mechanism, described vehicle frame 19 both sides are separately installed with butterfly type brush 6; Described gear transfer box 1 be linked in sequence transmission fluid press pump, hydraulic motor transmission butterfly type brush 6 cleaning works, or described battery 27 connects D. C motor driving butterfly type brushes 6 cleaning works; Described sucker 3 is installed in vehicle frame 19 afterbodys, and suction tube 11 UNICOM's dustbins 2 are installed on the sucker 3.Water tank 15, water pump 12 are installed on the described vehicle frame 19, in described sucker 3 and/or the suction tube 11 water spout 4 is installed, in the described butterfly type brush 6 or on the vehicle frame 19 water spout 4 is installed, described gear transfer box 1 connection for transmission water pump 12, described water pump 12 connects water tank 15 and water spout 4, and described water spout 4 has respectively switch control.
The chassis drive mechanism of present embodiment is identical with the second embodiment, is hybrid power composite transmission structure, at this repeated description no longer.
The operation process of present embodiment: on the basis of the second embodiment chassis transmission, butterfly type brush 6 cleaning works, water spout 4 spray water in the butterfly type brush 6 or on the vehicle frame 19 or Snow Agent aqueous solution wet type control butterfly type brush 6 operation airborne dusts.Butterfly type brush 6 with ground dust, rubbish sweep in the middle of the road-sweeper, before the sucker 3, blower fan 7 suction suckers 3 front ground dusts, rubbish suck dustbin 2 by sucker 3, suction tube 11, being installed in water spout 4 in sucker 3 and/or the suction tube 11 sprays influent stream with water or the snow melting agent aqueous solution and crosses dust-contained airflow in sucker 3, the suction tube 11, dust and rubbish are rolled into a ball at dustbin 2 interior gravitational settlings by the affine rear formation granulated garbage of water smoke pearl humidifying, rubbish, and it is interior through the discharge of the clean gas flow behind gravitational settling and the strainer filtering that blower fan 7 extracts dustbin 2.
The cleaning of present embodiment sweeping and sucking type, dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle operating efficiency height, application popularization is wide.But cleaning, often leave over lower water and dust after the dust suction operation on the road surface and mixed by butterfly type brush 6 cleanings and sweep and inhale sordid mud vestige, the mud vestige is rolled airborne dust by air-dry rear vehicle.The road that sprayed snow melting agent aqueous solution control butterfly type brush 6 cleaning work dust pollutions under the climatic environment of freezing.
The 4th embodiment, the 4th embodiment is a kind of sweeping and sucking type cleaning, dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle with dry type cleaning, the operation of wet type control dirt mode of hybrid power composite transmission structure, it is the semiclosed control of dust account 13 that has increased lower openings on the basis of the 3rd example structure, the environmental protection upgrade version of the 3rd example structure, such as Fig. 7, shown in Figure 8.Fig. 7 is fourth embodiment of the invention cleaning, dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle structural representation, and Fig. 8 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 7.
On the basis of the 3rd example structure, described vehicle frame is equipped with the semiclosed control of dust account 13 of cover cap butterfly type brush 6, the entrance of semiclosed control of dust account 13 UNICOM's suckers 3 for 19 times.
The cleaning of present embodiment sweeping and sucking type, dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle, semiclosed control of dust account 13 is supported by the bracing frame that is installed on the vehicle frame 19, semiclosed control of dust account 13 launches both sides and stretches out outside the sanitation cart car body during operation under the support of bracing frame, semiclosed control of dust account 13 both sides are drawn in and are tried to cover up under car body during transition, during operation when semiclosed control of dust account 13 collides obstruction, stretching out the outer part of sanitation cart can forward vehicle tail bending under the support of bracing frame, realizes that flexibility dodges obstruction.Two sides that semiclosed control of dust account 13 accounts enclose have the ground that brush seedling tail end that gap can make butterfly type brush 6 stretches out angle, semiclosed control of dust account 13 outer cleaning roadside, the lower edge that semiclosed control of dust account 13 accounts enclose has front height to hang down the road clearance of not waiting afterwards, substantially vertical ground under the effect of bracing frame or counterweight, lower edge that semiclosed control of dust account 13 accounts enclose when being negative pressure in the semiclosed control of dust account 13, the account of semiclosed control of dust account 13 are enclosed with leather or canvas material and are made.Semiclosed control of dust account 13 is by the cross section made with leather or the canvas material entrance for the semiclosed suction channel UNICOM sucker 3 of " ㄇ " shape.The air outlet of blower fan 7 also can the semiclosed control of dust account 13 of half UNICOM.
The cleaning of present embodiment sweeping and sucking type, during the dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle operation, butterfly type brush 6 is stretched out the dry type cleaning of not spraying water outside semiclosed control of dust account 13 gap at 13 li on semiclosed control of dust account and brush seedling tail end, with ground dust, rubbish is swept in the middle of the road-sweeper, before the sucker 3, blower fan 7 rotates by dustbin 2, suction tube 11, the semiclosed control of dust account 13 of sucker 3 UNICOMs makes in the semiclosed control of dust account 13 and also forms negative pressure, air-flow from 13 times edges of semiclosed control of dust account and the side opening position carry the butterfly type brush 6 dried dusts of kicking up of sweeping secretly and enter semiclosed integrated account, dust and sucker 3 front ground rubbish that air-flow continues to carry secretly in the semiclosed control of dust account 13 are inhaled into sucker 3, suction tube 11, dustbin 2, the water spout 4 that is installed in sucker 3 and/or the suction tube 11 is crossed sucker 3 with water or snow melting agent aqueous solution sprinkling influent stream, dust-contained airflow in the suction tube 11, dust and rubbish are by the affine rear formation granulated garbage of water smoke pearl humidifying, rubbish group is at dustbin 2 interior gravitational settlings, and it is interior through the discharge of the clean gas flow behind gravitational settling and the strainer filtering that blower fan 7 extracts dustbin 2.The air outlet of blower fan 7 also can the semiclosed control of dust account 13 of half UNICOM, the circulation in semiclosed control of dust account 13, sucker 3, suction tube 11, dustbin 2 under blower fan 7 suctions of part air-flow, part air-flow entrained dirt rubbish under the road clearance of 13 times edges of semiclosed control of dust account and side opening position and sucker 3 are inhaled into sucker 3, suction tube 11, the dustbin 2 through discharging from the air outlet of blower fan 7 behind the wet type filter dirt.
On present embodiment sanitation cart dry type cleaning, the post-job ground of wet type control dirt, sweep after not having water and dust to be mixed by butterfly type brush 6 and inhale sordid mud vestige, the sign that air-dry rear vehicle rolls airborne dust can not appear in post-job road surface.Spray snow melting agent aqueous solution control blower fan 7 air drafts spray ash under the climatic environment of freezing, the Snow Agent aqueous solution of sprinkling has all entered dustbin 2 and has processed in company with the rubbish in the dustbin 2 is unified, does not pollute urban road.The cleaning of present embodiment sweeping and sucking type, dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle can also be removed semiclosed control of dust account 13 rear wet cleanings, the operation of wet type control dirt.
The 5th embodiment, the 5th embodiment are a kind of sanitation carts with dry type filter dirt mode dust suction operation of hybrid power composite transmission structure, are the expansions on drive mechanism basis, the second embodiment chassis, as shown in Figure 9.Fig. 9 is the dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle structural representation of fifth embodiment of the invention dry type filter dirt.
On the basis of the second embodiment dust absorption environmental sanitation chassis drive mechanism, sucker 3 is installed on the described vehicle frame 19, suction tube 11 UNICOM's dustbins 2 are installed on the described sucker 3; On the described vehicle frame 19 cyclone separator 5 is installed, the air intake UNICOM dustbin 2 of described cyclone separator 5, the air intake of air outlet UNICOM blower fan 7, the air intake of blower fan 7 is air outlet and the dustbin 2 of UNICOM's cyclone separator 5 respectively, and dustbin 2 all is separately installed with the air door that can independently open with the connection position of blower fan 7 and the connection position of dustbin 2 and cyclone separator 5; The filter screen that intercepts light thing rubbish is installed in dustbin 2 and blower fan 7, cyclone separator 5 junctions; The dust filtration device 10 of using cloth matter or making of paper material also is installed on the described vehicle frame 19, the shapes such as that dust filtration device 10 can be made is collapsible, pocket-type or pleat formula filter cylinder are with the surface area that increases filter material and reduce installation volume, independently induced draft fan is installed on the dust filtration device 10, dust fall structure mechanical oscillation or the pulse of compressed air blowback is installed on the dust filtration device 10; The air intake of air outlet while UNICOM's dust filtration device 10 of described blower fan 7 and the back blow port 34 in the sucker 3, be provided with in the air outlet of described blower fan 7 air door in order to the air draft of regulating blower fan 7 make wherein a part enter dust filtration device 10, an other part enters the back blow port 34 in the sucker 3, the clean gas flow after described dust filtration device 10 will filter enters atmosphere.
The present embodiment dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle, with dry type filter dirt mode dust suction operation, its chassis transmission is the described hybrid power composite transmission of the second embodiment structure, at this repeated description no longer.The process of present embodiment dry type filter dirt mode dust suction operation is: close the air door that dustbin 2 leads to blower fan 7, open the air door that dustbin 2 leads to cyclone separator 5, blower fan 7 rotates by cyclone separator 5, dustbin 2, suction tube 11, sucker 3 is with sucker 3 front ground dusts, rubbish sucks dustbin 2, heavy particle and block rubbish are at dustbin 2 interior gravitational settlings, the air-flow that contains dust passes through and enters cyclone separator 5 after filter screen intercepts light thing, thick dust granule falls into the ash bin of cyclone separator 5 through the centrifugation of cyclone separator 5, the air-flow that contains dust particle is discharged by blower fan 7, a part of air draft of dust filtration device 10 sucktion fan 7 under the effect of induced draft fan, clean gas flow after dust filtration device 10 will filter enters atmosphere, dust particle in the filtration falls into the ash bin of dust filtration device 10, mechanical shaking device or pulse of compressed air device periodically act on dust filtration device 10, keep the good filter capacity of dust filtration device 10, when finding that the road surface humidity is unfavorable for dust filtration device 10 operation, the air door that operating personnel can close in induced draft fan or adjustment blower fan 7 air outlets temporarily stops dust filtration device 10 air feeds in the operation; Blower fan 7 remaining air drafts are discharged into back blow port 34 in the sucker 3 by passage, enter to be inhaled into again in suction tube 11, dustbin 2, the cyclone separator 5 behind the ground dust of air-flow blowback in the sucker 3, the rubbish to circulate.The air door of regulating in blower fan 7 air outlets distributes the ratio that enters 7 air drafts of dust filtration device 10 inner blowers to make dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle that reasonable control dirt effect and cleaning quality be arranged.
The present embodiment dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle, high through the air-flow cleanliness factor that enters atmosphere behind 2 grades of filter dirt, dust filtration device 10 loads are little, volume is little, consumed power is little, and dust filtration device 10 causes bonding after can avoiding sucking moist dust, and dust filtration device prolongs for 10 application lifes.
The present embodiment dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle, can also be converted to wet type filter dirt mode dust suction operation, at described vehicle frame 19 water tank 15, water pump 12 are installed, water spout 4 is installed in sucker 3 and/or suction tube 11, described gear transfer box 1 is gone back connection for transmission water pump 12, and described water pump 12 connects water tank 15 and water spout 4.The process of its wet type filter dirt mode dust suction operation is, closes the air door that dustbin 2 leads to cyclone separator 5, opens the air door that dustbin 2 leads to blower fan 7; The air door of closing induced draft fan and/or adjusting in blower fan 7 air outlets stops dust filtration device 10 air feeds; The UNICOM that closes blower fan 7 air outlets and sucker 3 interior back blow ports 34 opens blower fan 7 air outlets, also can make air outlet half UNICOM's sucker 3 interior back blow ports 34, semi-open of blower fan 7, make the part air-flow under blower fan 7 suction in sucker 3, suction tube 11, dustbin 2 interior circulations, the part air-flow is inhaled into sucker 3, suction tube 11, the dustbin 2 through discharging behind the wet type filter dirt from sucker 3 entrance entrained dirt rubbish.The present embodiment dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle is entirely identical to the second embodiment with all the other processes of wet type filter dirt mode dust suction operation, at this repeated description no longer.
The 6th embodiment, the 6th embodiment is a kind of sweeping and sucking type cleaning, dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle with dry type cleaning, the operation of dry type filter dirt mode of hybrid power composite transmission structure, to have increased semiclosed control of dust account 13 and butterfly type brush 6 on the basis of the 5th example structure, such as Figure 10, shown in Figure 11.Figure 10 is cleaning, the dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle structural representation of the cleaning of sixth embodiment of the invention dry type, dry type filter dirt, and Figure 11 is the part section schematic top plan view of Figure 10.
On the basis of the second embodiment chassis drive mechanism, present embodiment is equipped with butterfly type brush 6, sucker 3 at described vehicle frame 19, and suction tube 11 UNICOM's dustbins 2 are installed on the described sucker 3; Described vehicle frame is equipped with the semiclosed control of dust account 13 of cover cap butterfly type brush 6, the entrance of semiclosed control of dust account 13 UNICOM's suckers 3 for 19 times; On the described vehicle frame 19 cyclone separator 5 is installed, the air intake UNICOM dustbin 2 of described cyclone separator 5, the air intake of air outlet UNICOM blower fan 7, the air intake of blower fan 7 is air outlet and the dustbin 2 of UNICOM's cyclone separator 5 respectively, and dustbin 2 all is separately installed with the air door that can independently open with the connection position of blower fan 7 and the connection position of dustbin 2 and cyclone separator 5; The dust filtration device 10 of using cloth matter or making of paper material also is installed on the described vehicle frame 19, independently induced draft fan is installed on the dust filtration device 10; The air outlet while semiclosed control of dust account 13 of UNICOM of described blower fan 7 and the air intake of dust filtration device 10, be provided with in the air outlet of described blower fan 7 air door in order to the air draft of regulating blower fan 7 make wherein a part enter dust filtration device 10, an other part enters semiclosed control of dust account 13, the clean gas flow after described dust filtration device 10 will filter enters atmosphere.
Present embodiment sweeping and sucking type cleaning, dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle, its chassis transmission is the described hybrid power composite transmission of the second embodiment structure, its semiclosed control of dust account 13 is the described structure of the 4th embodiment, at this repeated description no longer.Present embodiment take the process of dry type cleaning, the operation of dry type filter dirt mode as: butterfly type brush 6 semiclosed control of dust account 13 in and brush seedling tail end stretch out the dry type of not spraying water outside the semiclosed control of dust account 13 side gap and clean, with ground dust, rubbish sweep in the middle of sweeping machine, before the sucker 3; Blower fan 7 makes semiclosed control of dust account 13 interior formation negative pressure by cyclone separator 5, dustbin 2, suction tube 11, the semiclosed control of dust account 13 of sucker 3 UNICOMs; Air-flow carry secretly under 13 times edges of semiclosed control of dust account and the gap butterfly type brush 6 cleaning works airborne dust, carry sucker 3 front ground dust rubbish secretly and enter dustbin 2 by sucker 3, suction tube 11, because the heavy particle of effect of dustbin 2 interior space sudden enlargements and block rubbish are at dustbin 2 interior gravitational settlings; The air-flow that contains dust passes through and enters cyclone separator 5 after filter screen intercepts light thing, and the effect of thick dust granule process cyclone separator 5 falls into the ash bin of cyclone separator 5, and the air-flow that contains dust particle is discharged by blower fan 7; A part of air draft of dust filtration device 10 sucktion fan 7 under the effect of induced draft fan, the clean gas flow after dust filtration device 10 will filter enters atmosphere, and the dust particle in the filtration falls into the ash bin of dust filtration device 10; When finding that the road surface humidity is unfavorable for dust filtration device 10 operation, the air door that operating personnel can close in induced draft fan or adjustment blower fan 7 air outlets temporarily stops dust filtration device 10 air feeds; Remaining blower fan 7 air drafts enter semiclosed control of dust account 13, and this part air draft converges again the air-flow entrained dirt, the rubbish that enter under 13 times edges of semiclosed control of dust account and the gap and enters in the sucker 3 and circulate further.The air door of regulating in blower fan 7 air outlets makes cleaning, dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle that reasonable control dirt effect and cleaning quality be arranged.
The cleaning of present embodiment sweeping and sucking type, dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle, can clean with dry type, the operation of wet type filter dirt mode, also can be with wet cleaning, the operation of wet type filter dirt mode after removing semiclosed control of dust account 13, the process of its operation is identical with the 4th embodiment and the 3rd embodiment institute respectively, at this repeated description no longer.
Present embodiment is fit to the northern area of China use in winter with sweeping and sucking type cleaning, the dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle of dry type cleaning, the operation of dry type filter dirt mode, can expand under the Different climate condition and alternately filter dirt mode operation and with wet cleaning, the operation of wet type filter dirt mode, satisfy the mechanization cleaning work that improves under operating efficiency, operation environment protection and the Different climate condition with dry type cleaning, wet type.
The 7th embodiment, a kind of hybrid sweeping environmental sanitation vehicle, as shown in figure 12.Figure 12 is the schematic top plan view of seventh embodiment of the invention hybrid power pure sweeping sanitation cart structure.
A kind of hybrid sweeping environmental sanitation vehicle provided by the invention, comprise vehicle frame 19, on the described vehicle frame 19 motor 8 is installed, butterfly type brush 6, round brush 35, dustbin 2, water tank 15, water pump 12, rear axle beam 22, at vehicle frame 19 driver's cabin 16 is installed, described butterfly type brush 6 is installed in the both sides of sanitation cart head and/or is installed in the both sides at vehicle frame 19 middle parts, after described round brush 35 is installed in butterfly type brush 6, horizontal below vehicle frame 19, centre at sanitation cart, the entrance of the top UNICOM dustbin 2 of described round brush 35, described motor 8 is by gear transfer box 1 difference connection for transmission silicon rectification generator 37 and round brush 35, described silicon rectification generator 37 connects battery 27 and power converter 26 simultaneously, described power converter 26 connects motor 31, described motor 31 connection for transmission rear axle beams 22 drive Vehicle Driving Cycle, be separately installed with the hand throttle 30 of control engine 8 and the foot rest 32 of adjusting power converter 26 16 li of driver's cabins, in the described butterfly type brush 6 or on the vehicle frame 19 water spout 4 is installed, also water spout 4 can be installed in round brush 35 the place aheads, described gear transfer box 1 is connection for transmission water pump 12 respectively, butterfly type brush 6, described water pump 12 connects water tank 15 and water spout 4.
Present embodiment is a kind of pure sweeping sanitation cart of hybrid power, motor 8 is by gear transfer box 1 simultaneously transmission of difference silicon rectification generator 37, round brush 35, silicon rectification generator 37 is to power converter 26 and battery 27 input generation currents, and the foot rest 32 of stepping on 16 li of driver's cabins makes power converter 26 control motor 31 transmission rear axle beams 22 drive vehicle speed variation and travels.Owing to be communicated with the power transmission shaft A14 of rear axle beam 22 before and after not having, it is middle, horizontal vehicle frame 19 times that round brush 35 is installed in sweeping machine.The butterfly type brush 6 that is installed in sanitation cart head and/or vehicle frame 19 both sides with dust and rubbish sweep in the middle of sweeping machine, before the round brush 35, round brush 35 top UNICOM dustbin 2 entrances, round brush 35 rotate ground dust, refuse sweeping are got rid of dustbin 2 entrances into the top.Spray water control airborne dust when butterfly brush operation also can be simultaneously at round brush 35 the place ahead spray water control round brush 35 operation airborne dusts.Can also a low power induced draft fan be installed at vehicle frame 19, induced draft fan UNICOM dustbin 2, the cyclone separator 5 of a ting model or the papery dust filtration device 10 that can repeatedly wash are installed between induced draft fan and dustbin 2, during the operation of pure sweeping sanitation cart, before the air-flow behind induced draft fan extraction dustbin 2 inner filtrations enters 19 times round brush 35 of vehicle frame.At the sanitation cart head road sweeper of butterfly type brush 6 is installed, when the obstructions such as parking space of interruption were arranged in the roadside, the butterfly type brush 6 that is installed in the sanitation cart head is cleaning work more effectively.
It should be noted that at last: above embodiment is only unrestricted in order to technical scheme of the present invention to be described, although with reference to preferred embodiment the present invention is had been described in detail, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, can make amendment or be equal to replacement technical scheme of the present invention, and not break away from the spirit and scope of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (12)

1. hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle, comprise vehicle frame (19), driver's cabin (16) is installed on the described vehicle frame (19), motor (8), dustbin (2), blower fan (7), sucker (3), suction tube (11), rear axle beam (22), suction tube (11) UNICOM's dustbin (2) is installed on the described sucker (3), the air intake of described blower fan (7) connects dustbin (2), described motor (8) connection for transmission rear axle beam (22), it is characterized in that, described motor (8) is by gear transfer box (1) difference connection for transmission silicon rectification generator (37) and blower fan (7), described silicon rectification generator (37) connects battery (27) and power converter (26) simultaneously, described power converter (26) connects motor (31), motor (31) connection for transmission rear axle beam (22) drives Vehicle Driving Cycle, at the inner hand throttle (30) that control engine (8) are installed of driver's cabin (16), at the inner foot rest (32) of regulating power converter (26) that also is equipped with of driver's cabin (16).
2. hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described motor (8) transmission speed variator (23) that is linked in sequence, power transmission shaft A (14), rear axle beam (22), also install on the speed changer (23) and connect power takeoff (24), power takeoff (24) is by power transmission shaft B (18) connection for transmission gear transfer box (1), gear transfer box (1) is connection for transmission silicon rectification generator (37) and blower fan (7) respectively, be set with reduction box (20) at power transmission shaft A (14), the power shaft (28) of motor (31) connection for transmission reduction box (20), power shaft (28) pierces on the inner axle of reduction box (20) and is set with final gear (21), power transmission shaft A (14) pierces on the inner axle of reduction box (20) and is movably installed with secondary reduction gearing (25), adapter sleeve is equipped with electromagnetic clutch (29), the endoporus bonding surface of electromagnetic clutch (29) is fastenedly connected power transmission shaft A (14), the plane bonding surface is fastenedly connected secondary reduction gearing (25), the secondary reduction gearing (25) of final gear (21) engaged transmission, make the transmission of speed changer (23) separation or connection and power takeoff (24) at the operating grip A (17) of the inner installation of driver's cabin (16), make the transmission of (25) separation of secondary reduction gearing or connection and power transmission shaft A (14) at inner operating grip B (9) the control electromagnetic clutch (29) of also installing of driver's cabin (16), at the inner accelerator pedal (33) that control engine (8) also are installed of driver's cabin (16), the foot rest (32) of accelerator pedal (33) and control power converter (26) is in the compound installation of same position, be flexibly connected, step on accelerator pedal (33) interlock foot rest (32).
3. hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, described power converter (26) is chopper, and described motor (31) is dc motor.
4. hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, water tank (15), water pump (12) are installed on the described vehicle frame (19), in sucker (3) and/or suction tube (11), water spout (4) is installed, described gear transfer box (1) connection for transmission water pump (12), described water pump (12) connects water tank (15) and water spout (4).
5. hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described dustbin (2), water tank (15), water pump (12), suction tube (11), water spout (4) are all made of the stainless steel resistant material, described blower fan (7) is crossed interior naked anticorrosion with painting erosion coating of wind or is made of stainless steel material, the inner water-filling of water tank (15) or fill the non-icing Snow Agent aqueous solution under the climatic environment of freezing.
6. hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described sucker (3) is two, suction tube (11) UNICOM's dustbin (2) all is installed on every sucker (3), on every suction tube (11) air door that can independently open is installed all, both sides in vehicle frame (19), a butterfly type brush (6) for subsequent use is installed respectively in that sucker (3) is front, in butterfly type brush (6) water spout (4) is installed, described sucker (3) stretches out the outer part of car body to be made and split typely is connected with hinge (36) with sucker (3), and vehicle stretches out when cutting to draw in after car body this part bending that makes progress outward to be tried to cover up in underneath its body.
7. hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described vehicle frame (19) both sides, sucker (3) are front also to be separately installed with butterfly type brush (6), described gear transfer box (1) be linked in sequence transmission fluid press pump, hydraulic motor transmission butterfly type brush (6) cleaning work, or described battery (27) connects D. C motor driving butterfly type brush (6) cleaning work.
8. hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, water tank (15), water pump (12) are installed on the described vehicle frame (19), described butterfly type brush (6) upward or on the vehicle frame (19) is equipped with water spout (4), described gear transfer box (1) connection for transmission water pump (12), described water pump (12) connects water tank (15) and water spout (4), and described water spout (4) has switch control.
9. hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, the semiclosed control of dust account (13) of cover cap butterfly type brush (6) is installed, the entrance of semiclosed control of dust account (13) UNICOM's sucker (3) under the described vehicle frame (19).
10. hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, cyclone separator (5) is installed on the described vehicle frame (19), the air intake UNICOM dustbin (2) of described cyclone separator (5), the air intake of air outlet UNICOM blower fan (7), the air intake of blower fan (7) is air outlet and the dustbin (2) of UNICOM's cyclone separator (5) respectively, the connection position of dustbin (2) and blower fan (7), and the connection position of dustbin (2) and cyclone separator (5) all is separately installed with the air door that can independently open, also be equipped with on the described vehicle frame (19) and use cloth matter, the dust filtration device (10) of perhaps making of paper material, the inner independently induced draft fan that is provided with of described dust filtration device (10), the air outlet of described blower fan (7) is air intake and the interior back blow port (34) of sucker (3) of UNICOM's dust filtration device (10) simultaneously, being provided with air door in the air outlet of described blower fan (7) makes a part wherein enter dust filtration device (10) in order to the air draft of regulating blower fan (7), a part in addition enters sucker (3), and the clean gas flow after described dust filtration device (10) will filter enters atmosphere.
11. hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, cyclone separator (5) is installed on the described vehicle frame (19), the air intake UNICOM dustbin (2) of described cyclone separator (5), the air intake of air outlet UNICOM blower fan (7), the air intake of blower fan (7) is air outlet and the dustbin (2) of UNICOM's cyclone separator (5) respectively, the connection position of dustbin (2) and blower fan (7), and the connection position of dustbin (2) and cyclone separator (5) all is separately installed with the air door that can independently open, also be equipped with on the described vehicle frame (19) and use cloth matter, the dust filtration device (10) of perhaps making of paper material, the inner independently induced draft fan that is provided with of described dust filtration device (10), the air outlet while semiclosed control of dust account of UNICOM (13) of described blower fan (7) and the air intake of dust filtration device (10), being provided with air door in the air outlet of described blower fan (7) makes a part wherein enter dust filtration device (10) in order to the air draft of regulating blower fan (7), a part in addition enters semiclosed control of dust account (13), and the clean gas flow after described dust filtration device (10) will filter enters atmosphere.
12. hybrid sweeping ring sanitation cart, comprise vehicle frame (19), motor (8) is installed on the described vehicle frame (19), butterfly type brush (6), round brush (35), dustbin (2), water tank (15), water pump (12), rear axle beam (22), at vehicle frame (19) driver's cabin (16) is installed, described butterfly type brush (6) is installed in the both sides of sanitation cart head and/or is installed in the both sides at vehicle frame (19) middle part, after described round brush (35) is installed in butterfly type brush (6), horizontal below vehicle frame (19), centre at sanitation cart, the entrance of the top UNICOM dustbin (2) of described round brush (35), described butterfly type brush (6) upward or on the vehicle frame (19) is equipped with water spout (4), in round brush (35) the place ahead water spout (4) is installed, described water pump (12) connects water tank (15) and water spout (4), it is characterized in that, described motor (8) is by gear transfer box (1) difference connection for transmission silicon rectification generator (37) and round brush (35), described silicon rectification generator (37) connects battery (27) and power converter (26) simultaneously, described power converter (26) connects motor (31), motor (31) connection for transmission rear axle beam (22) drives Vehicle Driving Cycle, at the inner foot rest (32) that is separately installed with the hand throttle (30) of control engine (8) and regulates power converter (26) of driver's cabin (16).
CN 200810172207 2008-10-31 2008-10-31 Hybrid dust absorption environmental sanitation vehicle and hybrid sweeping environmental sanitation vehicle Expired - Fee Related CN101392506B (en)

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